1 Slide 1 Overview of the Pilbara Regional Development Australia Region Presenter: Ivan Neville Branch Manager, Labour Market Research and Analysis Branch
2 Slide 2 Pilbara Regional Development Australia (RDA) region The Pilbara Regional Development Australia (RDA) region The Pilbara Regional Development Australia (RDA) region is made up four Local Government Areas (LGAs): Ashburton East Pilbara Port Hedland Roebourne Employers from the Pilbara were last surveyed in August The Pilbara makes up approximately 10 per cent of the Remainder- Balance Western Australia Labour Force Region (LFR).
3 Slide 3 Western Australia What are the challenges? Economic growth has slowed 5.1 per cent over the year to June 2013, down from 7.3 per cent recorded the previous year Labour market conditions have been easing - employment growth slowing and unemployment rising High exposure to Mining fourth largest employing industry in the State, transitioning from the construction phase to production phase International uncertainty heavy reliance on China, slower than anticipated trading partner growth may further weaken commodity prices Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, (Cat. No ) Western Australia What are the challenges? Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, (Cat. No ). Economic growth has slowed o 5.1 per cent over the year to June 2013, down from 7.3 per cent recorded the previous year Labour market conditions have been easing o Employment growth slowing and unemployment rising High exposure to Mining o Fourth largest employing industry in the State, transitioning from the construction phase to production phase International uncertainty o Heavy reliance on China, slower than anticipated trading partner growth may further weaken commodity prices
4 Slide 4 Pilbara profile Region Adult Population (15+) Population Growth ( ) Regional employment growth ( )* Proportion Indigenous Ashburton % % East Pilbara 10,720 60% % Port Hedland 12,860 19% % Roebourne 19,795 26% % Pilbara 52,245 33% 22, % Western Australia 1,965,440 16% 194, % Australia 18,419,630 10% 954, % * Growth in employed persons whose job is located in the region Source: ABS, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, June 2012 (Cat. No ); ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 Pilbara profile Source: Population data sourced from ABS, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, June 2012 (3235.0). Population data has been rounded. Indigenous data sourced from ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Regional employment growth refers to employed persons working in the region and is taken from ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Place of work). The Pilbara has experienced strong population and jobs growth as a result of the mining boom.
5 Slide 5 Pilbara s younger age profile 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% Pilbara Australia Source: ABS, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, June 2012 (Cat. No ) Pilbara s younger age profile Source: ABS, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, June 2012 (Cat. No ) This chart demonstrates that the Pilbara has a much younger age profile than the national average.
6 Slide 6 Pilbara age distribution 35% 30% 30% Indigenous Non-Indigenous 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 18% 20% 12% 17% 23% 15% 21% 10% 16% 5% 8% 3% 2% years and over Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Pilbara age distribution Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 The age distribution of the Pilbara shows that Indigenous residents comprise the majority of the cohort aged 0-24 years. Importantly, Indigenous residents account for the majority of people in age groups where people typically enter the workforce (15-24 years of age). The population of people in their prime working age (25 to 54 years of age) is then predominantly made up of people from a non-indigenous background.
7 Slide 7 Employment by industry Jobs in the Pilbara, 2006 and 2011 Mining Construction Accommodation and Food Services Transport, Postal and Warehousing Education and Training Health Care and Social Assistance Manufacturing 2,900 2,500 1,200 2,300 1,100 1,500 1,300 1,500 1,300 1, ,500 8, , ,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Place of work) Employment by industry Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Place of work) At the time of the 2011 Census, Mining and Construction were the two largest employing industries in the Pilbara, employing some 18,500 and 8400 people respectively.
8 Slide 8 Changing Pilbara workforce Huge turnover of residents and FIFO New arrivals (since 2006) Residents in 2006 FIFO/DIDO 45,000 jobs in % 23,000 jobs in % 72% 28% 40% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 Changing Pilbara workforce Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 In the five years from 2006 to 2011, the number of people whose job was in Pilbara almost doubled to 45,000. Filling these jobs in a region with a highly transitory population has provided unique challenges. While 36 per cent of workers in 2011 had moved to the Pilbara since 2006, a large proportion of the 2006 workforce left the region prior to Additionally, the number of people who work in the Pilbara but live elsewhere (e.g. flyin/fly-out workers) have almost tripled from 2006 to 2011, and in 2011 comprised 40 per cent of the workforce.
9 Slide 9 Reliance on out-of-town workers % of workers living outside of the Pilbara Construction 51% Mining 47% Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 47% Accommodation and Food Services 43% All industries 40% 0% 20% 40% 60% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Place of work) Reliance on out-of-town workers Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Place of work) An average of 40 per cent of workers in the Pilbara live outside the Pilbara. This figure was higher for Construction (51 per cent) and Mining (47 per cent).
10 Slide 10 Temporary work (skilled) visa grants declining Subclass 457 visa grants located in Western Australia Primary applications granted by sponsor industry (year ending) 31-Dec Dec-2013 Change from (%) Construction Mining Other Services Health Care and Social Assistance Accommodation and Food Services All industries Primary applications granted by nominated occupation (year ending) 31-Dec Dec-2013 Change from (%) Technicians and Trades Workers Professionals All occupations Source: Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Subclass 457 quarterly report, quarter ending at 31 December 2013 Temporary work (skilled) visas grants declining Source: Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Subclass 457 quarterly report, quarter ending at 31 December 2013, quarterly-report pdf; Pilbara figure taken from: The number of primary subclass 457 visas granted in Western Australia fell by 42.3 per cent in 2013, reflecting softer labour demand and economic conditions compared with Similarly, in the Pilbara, the number of primary subclass 457 visas fell by 41.8 per cent over the year to December 2013.
11 Slide Shrinking investment pipeline Value of investment projects ($ billion), expected year of completion, Pilbara $108 billion $67 billion Possible *Committed/Under construction Under consideration/possible Under consideration Source: Deloitte Access Economics, Investment Monitor, March 2014 *Excludes those projects with no listed end date Shrinking investment pipeline Source: Deloitte Access Economics, Investment Monitor, March 2014 Data from Deloitte Access Economics Investment Monitor suggests that the value of investment projects in the Pilbara is likely to taper after , even if all projects that are under consideration or possible go through.
12 Slide 12 Pilbara s unemployment rate historically lower but has been increasing recently 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% Pilbara Australia 0% Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed Electronic Delivery, March 2014 (Cat. no ), 12-month averages of original data; Department of Employment, Small Area Labour Markets, December quarter 2013 Pilbara s unemployment rate historically lower Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed - Electronic Delivery, March 2014 (Cat. no ), 12-month averages of original data; Department of Employment, Small Area Labour Markets, December quarter Note: While more up-to-date data, as well as seasonally adjusted data, are available for Australia, a 12-month average of original estimates was used up to December 2013 to ensure comparability with the Small Area Labour Markets estimates for the December quarter 2013 (most up-to-date data). Since December 2003, the Pilbara region has had an unemployment rate below the national average. However, recent data shows that the local unemployment rate has risen strongly and is now closer to the national rate.
13 Slide 13 Regional unemployment rates on the rise Region Dec-12 Dec-13 Change Ashburton 1.2% 2.1% 0.9% pts East Pilbara 3.5% 6.4% 2.9% pts Port Hedland 3.8% 7.3% 3.5% pts Roebourne 2.1% 4.3% 2.2% pts Pilbara 2.6% 5.1% 2.5% pts Apr-13 Apr-14 Change Western Australia* 5.2% 4.9% -0.3% pts Australia* 5.6% 5.8% 0.2% pts Source: Department of Employment, Small Area Labour Markets, December quarter 2013; *ABS, Labour Force, Australia, April 2014 (Cat. no ), seasonally adjusted Regional unemployment rates on the rise Source: Unemployment rates for LGAs are sourced from Department of Employment Small Area Labour Markets, December quarter Unemployment rates for WA and Australia are sourced from ABS Labour Force, Australia, April 2014 (Cat No ), seasonally adjusted and are for March 2014 The unemployment rate in the Pilbara has increased by 2.5 percentage points over the year to December 2013 (latest available data). The largest increase was seen in Port Hedland, where the unemployment rate rose by 3.5 percentage points to stand at 7.3 per cent.
14 Slide 14 Indigenous labour market outcomes continue to lag Region Unemployment Rate Indigenous Non- Indigenous Participation Rate Indigenous Non- Indigenous Ashburton 10.0% 1.0% 68.5% 92.5% East Pilbara 14.0% 1.0% 58.5% 94.0% Port Hedland 15.5% 2.0% 63.5% 89.0% Roebourne 14.5% 2.0% 52.5% 89.5% Pilbara 14.0% 1.5% 59.5% 91.0% Western Australia 18.0% 4.5% 52.0% 79.0% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Indigenous labour market outcomes continue to lag Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, Data are rounded, due to volatile nature of data. Data are for persons aged years. While Indigenous persons labour market outcomes were more favourable in the Pilbara compared with the rest of Western Australia, they were still poorer compared with non- Indigenous persons.
15 Slide 15 Employment by industry Share of total employment (%) Mining Construction Transport Postal and Warehousing Accommodation and Food Services Education and Training Retail Trade Health Care and Social Assistance Public Administration and Safety 5% 3% 5% 3% 5% 7% 5% 3% 4% 8% 4% 6% 10% 17% Pilbara 36% 43% Indigenous Pilbara 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Employment by industry Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, Some 43 per cent of employed Indigenous persons work in the Mining industry. Interestingly, while 17 per cent of employed Pilbara residents work in Construction, this figure is much lower for Indigenous residents (10 per cent of employed persons).
16 Slide 16 Improving Indigenous labour market outcomes Feedback from employers Need for further education and training Issues with staff availability, reliability and retention Better advertising/information about job opportunities Improve employer flexibility/willingness to hire Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Improving Indigenous labour market outcomes Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 We asked employers what could be done to improve the employment prospects of Indigenous Australians. The most common issues raised included the need for further education and training and problems with the availability, reliability or retention of Indigenous staff
17 Slide 17 Selected school results by area Year 9 students who were not at the national minimum standard, % Ashburton East Pilbara Port Hedland Roebourne All schools (Aus) 28% 25% 24% 20% 20% 18% 20% 15% 10% 5% 14% 13% 11% 10% 10% 5% 15% 6% 11% 8% 0% Reading Spelling Numeracy Source: MySchool website, (2013) Selected school results by area Source: MySchool website, (2013). Please note that the data are for selected schools in the Pilbara region. This chart suggests that some Year 9 students in the Pilbara region did not meet the national minimum standards for reading, spelling and numeracy in 2013.
18 Slide 18 Youth disengagement % year olds neither studying nor working 20% Not studying and not in the labour force Not studying and unemployed 15% 10% 5% % Ashburton East Pilbara Port Hedland Roebourne Western Australia Australia Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Youth disengagement Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Data are rounded. Some 15 per cent of year olds in the Pilbara were disengaged (neither working nor studying), compared with 11 per cent for Western Australia.
19 Slide 19 Region Educational attainment year olds Year 12 or above % of year olds with: Change since 2006 Advanced Diploma, Diploma, Cert III/IV Bachelor Degree or higher Ashburton 79% 5% pts 44% 17% East Pilbara 77% 11% pts 43% 17% Port Hedland 82% 10% pts 42% 22% Roebourne 84% 8% pts 42% 24% Pilbara 81% 8% pts 43% 21% Western Australia 83% 6% pts 32% 32% Australia 85% 5% pts 30% 35% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Educational attainment Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 The Pilbara region has a lower level of Year 12 and Bachelor Degree attainment compared with the State and national average. However, some 43 per cent of year olds in the region have a higher certificate or diploma qualification, well above the average for Western Australia (32 per cent) and Australia (30 per cent).
20 Slide 20 Educational attainment and labour market outcomes year olds, Pilbara 10% 8% 91.9% 87.9% 94.9% 9.1% 85.8% 86.1% 78.7% 100% 80% 6% Unemployment Rate (LHS) 6.3% 60% 4% Participation Rate (RHS) 40% 2% 1.3% 1.9% 0.9% 2.1% 20% 0% Bachelor Degree or above Advanced Diploma/ Diploma Level Certificate III/IV Year 12 or equivalent Certificate I/II Below Year 12 0% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Educational attainment and labour market outcomes Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Figures are for the highest level of education attained. This chart demonstrates the positive relationship between educational attainment and labour market outcomes. In the Pilbara, those who hadn t completed Year 12 or had a Certificate I/II as their highest level of education faced low rates of labour force participation and high rates of unemployment.
21 Slide 21 Certificate I/II does have benefits year olds who have not completed Year 12, Western Australia Indigenous Unemployment rate Non-Indigenous Unemployment rate Indigenous Participation rate Non-Indigenous Participation rate 40% 80% 75% 73% 30% 20% 23% 65% 29% 46% 60% 40% 10% 9% 9% 20% 0% Certificate I/II level No post-school qualification 0% Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 Certificate I/II does have benefits Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Figures are for highest level of education attained. This chart suggests that those with a Certificate I/II have somewhat better labour market outcomes compared with those who have no further qualification.
22 Slide 22 Recruitment conditions have moderated Summary survey results November 2013 August 2010 All regions average Past 12 months Average annual vacancies per 100 staff Problem retaining staff 28% 46% 9% Most recent recruitment round Applicants per vacancy Unfilled vacancies 6.4% 11.7% 3.7% Recruitment expectations Expected to increase staff 24% 45% 19% Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, August 2010 and November 2013; All regions surveyed in the 12 months to March 2014 Recruitment activity has moderated Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, August 2010 and November 2013; All regions surveyed in the 12 months to March While recruitment activity in the region appears to have eased markedly, it remains at a very high level compared with the average for all regions surveyed. The survey results suggest that businesses are still recruiting at an annual average rate of 37 vacancies per 100 staff, well above the average for all regions surveyed in the 12 months to March 2014 (16 vacancies per 100 staff).
23 Slide 23 but recruitment difficulty persists Particularly in higher skilled occupations 43% of employers experienced difficulty recruiting in their most recent recruitment round Frequently difficult Community & Personal Service Workers 62% Managers & Professionals 65% Machinery Operators & Drivers 42% Sales Workers 43% Technicians & Trades Workers 38% Labourers 28% Clerical & Admin Workers 29% Infrequently difficult Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 but recruitment difficulty persists Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Employers surveyed reported higher rates of recruitment difficulty for Managers and Professionals (65 per cent) and Community and Personal Service Workers (62 per cent). By contrast, businesses reported low rates of recruitment difficulty for Labourers (28 per cent) and Clerical and Administrative Workers (29 per cent).
24 Slide 24 Turnover driving recruitment Change in staff numbers over last 12 months, % of employers Although 72% of employers recruited Increased 52% 17% 31% Decreased Remained the same 82% of recruiting employers recruited to replace staff Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Turnover driving recruitment Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 While 72 per cent of businesses surveyed indicated they recruited in the last 12 months, around half (52 per cent) said that staff numbers remained the same. Indeed, 82 per cent of recruiting employers recruited in order to replace staff, suggesting that the high rate of recruitment in the region was driven by staff turnover.
25 Slide 25 Methods of recruitment Applicants and suitability, average per vacancy Formal method 59% 8 applicants, 2 interviewed Informal method ONLY 4 applicants, 2 interviewed 41% Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Methods of recruitment Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 In the Pilbara, 41 per cent of employers surveyed used only informal methods of recruitment, including word of mouth, being approached by an applicant or having a sign in a window. The survey results suggest that there is greater competition for applicants where employers use formal methods of recruitment. Applicants should therefore use a range of search methods when seeking employment.
26 Slide 26 Experience very important in being shortlisted 60% 40% 49% Reasons applicants didn t get an interview Many employers looking to hire locally 26% 20% 18% 16% 0% Lack of relevant experience Applicant overseas/ out of area Interview not required Insufficient qualifications or training Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Experiences very important in being shortlisted Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 When asked why applicants didn t get an interview, 49 per cent of employers mentioned that a lack of relevant experience was a factor. Interestingly, some 26 per cent said that it was because the applicant was located overseas or out of the area, suggesting that employers might prefer to hire locally.
27 Slide 27 Employability skills essential 71% of businesses said that personality traits/qualities are more or equally as important as technical skills Employers commonly mentioned Interact/connect with others Communication skills Enthusiastic/positive attitude Hardworking/good work ethic Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013; All regions surveyed in the 12 months to December 2010 Employability skills essential Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013; Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, All regions surveyed in the 12 months to December Employers want people who: Can interact/connect with others (people skills) Can communicate effectively Have an enthusiastic/positive attitude Are hardworking/demonstrate a good work ethic
28 Slide 28 Opportunities exist Employers had difficulty filling these vacancies Higher skilled occupations Retail Managers Child Carers Registered Nurses Motor Mechanics Welfare Support Workers Electricians Entry-level occupations General Clerks Bar Attendants and Baristas Sales Representatives Sales Assistants (General) and intended to recruit for these occupations in the future Truck Drivers Housekeepers Waiters Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Opportunities exist Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 While recruitment conditions have eased since the region was last surveyed, opportunities exist in those occupations for which businesses either (a) experienced difficulty recruiting; or (b) intended to recruit for in the 12 months following the survey.
29 Slide 29 Recruitment and retention still a concern Employers single greatest future concern 60% 40% 46% 20% 19% 14% 0% Demand/ economy Recruitment or retention difficulty/ skill shortages No concerns Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 Recruitment and retention still a concern Source: Department of Employment, Survey of Employers Recruitment Experiences, November 2013 While the level of demand/the economy was most often mentioned as employers single greatest future concern, nearly one in five employers surveyed were most concerned about recruitment difficulties or retaining staff.
30 Slide 30 Conclusion Labour market conditions have eased, but still stronger than most regions Falling recruitment Rising unemployment Challenges Highly dependent on Mining Mines moving from construction to less labour intensive production phase Some difficulty filling vacancies still remain Disadvantaged groups: Indigenous; less educated Reliance on FIFO Opportunities High levels of recruitment for occupations across all skill levels High turnover in many service occupations Employers increasingly want to hire locally Many vacancies advertised informally only, with few applicants Responses to challenges and opportunities Education/training/apprenticeships, especially for training up locals Literacy and numeracy Employability skills (especially important for young job seekers) Collaboration among all key stakeholders vital Conclusion Labour market conditions have eased, but still stronger than most regions Falling recruitment Rising unemployment Challenges Highly dependent on Mining Mines moving from construction to less labour intensive production phase Some difficulty filling vacancies still remain Disadvantaged groups: Indigenous; less educated Reliance on FIFO Opportunities High levels of recruitment for occupations across all skill levels High turnover in many service occupations Employers increasingly want to hire locally Many vacancies advertised informally only, with few applicants Responses to challenges and opportunities Education/training/apprenticeships, especially for training up locals Literacy and numeracy Employability skills (especially important for young job seekers) Collaboration among all key stakeholders vital
31 Slide 31 Further Information www. employment.gov.au/skillshortages www. employment.gov.au/regionalreports www. employment.gov.au/australianjobs Further Information More information on labour market conditions and other research on small areas can be found on these web sites A report on the survey findings for the Pilbara region has been placed on the regional reports section of the Department of Employment - Regional Reports web site. Thank you.
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