Civil Rights Movement ( )

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1 Name Period Civil Rights Movement ( ) Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of these African Americans is famous for breaking into major league baseball? A. Jackie Robinson C. Thurgood Marshall B. Ralph Abernathy D. Rosa Parks 2. A strategy of non-violence that involves the refusal to follow unjust laws is A. violent disobedience B. civil disobedience C. civil disunion D. divorce 3. Why did Martin Luther King target Birmingham, Alabama for a civil rights campaign? A. because of its strong support for civil rights B. because it was considered the most segregated city in the South C. because President Kennedy had been born there D. because it was the only southern city that practiced segregation 4. What were Jim Crow laws? A. They were laws that protected African Americans. B. They were laws that restricted African American voting rights in the North. C. They were laws that enforced the strict separation of the races. D. They were laws that restored equal rights to blacks. 5. The members of the Nation of Islam believed A. that separation of the races was essential to equality. B. that violence was necessary to achieve racial goals. C. that direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans. D. that they should disband and join the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. 6. Which civil rights organization won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s? A. SCLC C. MIA B. CORE D. NAACP 7. In a ruling known as Brown II, the Supreme Court A. overturned Brown v. Board of Education. B. ruled that desegregation should take place with all deliberate speed. C. implemented The Southern Manifesto. D. upheld the segregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. 8. To which city did President Eisenhower send federal troops to protect African American students? A. Montgomery, Alabama C. Topeka, Kansas B. Little Rock, Arkansas D. Baltimore, Maryland 9. Why were many Americans surprised when President Johnson supported civil rights? A. As a congressmen, he had authored The Southern Manifesto. B. He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters. C. He had never been a strong supporter of Southern traditions. 1

2 Name Period D. He had campaigned for Congress on a platform supporting segregation. 10. How did T. Eugene Bull Connor react to civil rights marchers in Birmingham, Alabama? A. He met publicly with civil rights leaders. B. He proposed a law to end segregation in Alabama. C. He brought in the National Guard. D. He ordered the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marchers. 11. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of A. education. C. age. B. race. D. gender. 12. Not long after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans in several cities A. rioted. C. reelected President Johnson. B. assumed public office. D. moved to the suburbs. 13. The Kerner Commission s findings were largely ignored because A. the findings were inaccurate. B. President Johnson was preoccupied with leading the Vietnam War. C. President Kennedy was preoccupied with Marylin Monroe. D. the problems that caused the Kerner Commission to be created were being solved by the Civil Rights Act of What happened in hundreds of cities immediately after the assassination of Martin Luther King? A. Local civil rights demonstrators declared marital law. B. There was little reaction to King s death. C. Riots broke out. D. Thousands of black citizens registered to vote. 15. The appointment of this Supreme Court Justice was instrumental in changing the make-up of the Supreme Court to be more pro-civil Rights? A. Earl Warren C. Lyndon B. Johnson B. Jackie Robinson D. Robert Kennedy 16. The conflict at Little Rock s Central high School was a reaction to A. the Civil Rights Act of C. Brown v. Board of Education. B. the Montgomery bus boycott. D. Hernandez v. Texas. 17. In what way did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect employment in the United States? A. It gave employers the right to discriminate against people based on race. B. It gave employees the right to organize unions. C. It outlawed job discrimination and created the EEOC to investigate charges of job discrimination. D. It gave the federal government the right to segregate public schools. 18. Which of the following events in the Civil Rights movement preceded the Civil Rights Act of 1964? A. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. B. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Alabama. C. Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his I Have a Dream speech at The March on Washington. D. all of the above 2

3 Name Period 19. The leaders of the sit-in movement focused theird sit-ins at what type of establishments? A. local bars B. department store cafes C. exclusive country clubs D. every resturant in major Southern cities 20. How did the Black Panthers exemplify the idea of black power? A. The Black Panthers emphasized peaceful protests, leading to an increase in nonviolent social change. B. The Black Panthers encouraged separate community institutions for African Americans. C. The Black Panthers developed programs for African Americans to help themselves and their communities. D. The actions of the Black Panthers led to increased cooperation with police. 21. Who signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964? A. President Kennedy C. President Nixon B. President Johnson D. President Eisenhower 22. While in prison, Malcolm X became a convert to A. the Nation of Islam. C. the SNCC. B. the Black Panthers. D. CORE. 23. What was the purpose of Martin Luther Kings Jr s I Have a Dream Speach? A. Mourn the death of the young children that had died at the bombing in Birmingham C. Describe his idea of a colorblind society and bring national attention to the Montegomery bus boycotts B. Define and defend civil disobedience D. Describe his idea of a colorblind society and motivate Congress to create a civil rights bill 24. What was the purpose of Martin Luther King Jr s Letter from Birmingham Jail? A. Motivate Congress to pass a civil rights bill C. Defend civil disobedience and define unjust laws B. Attack the violent preachings of Malcolm X D. Defend civl disobedience and denounce the actions of T. Eugene Bull Connor 25. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 did all of the following except... A. enforce Supreme Court rulings on the issue C. allow the federal government to prosecute of civil rights. individuals who violated other s civil B. change State constitutions on issues of civil rights. rights. D. banned segregation. 3

4 Name Period Matching Choose the person or term that best fits each description. You will not use all of the answers. A. Plessy v. Ferguson J. Montgomery bus boycott B. Thurgood Marshall K. freedom ride C. Brown v. Board of Education L. Rosa Parks D. Martin Luther King M. Robert Kennedy E. de jure segregation N. Little Rock Nine Crisis F. Voting Rights Act of 1965 O. Black Panthers G. Kerner Commission P. SCLC H. Malcolm X Q. John F. Kennedy I. Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 26. attempted to determine the causes of the 1967 riots 27. Supreme Court case that upholds the Civil Rights Act of best-known African American radical activist 29. racial separation imposed by law 30. Held that segregation was legal under the Constitution 31. bus trip staged through the Southern States to defy segregationist codes 32. banned literacy tests for voter registration 33. Her defiant act started the Montgomery Bus Boycotts 34. case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and desegregated schools 35. African American attorney who led a legal challenge against segregation 36. Attorney General who led the charge for passing a civil rights bill 37. The President who declared civil rights a moral issue 38. Radical Civil Rights group that developed in the poor, urban, African American ghettos 39. The federally forced desegregation of a school in Arkansas 40. Civil Rights group made up of African American black ministers with a focus on non-violence and civil disobedience 4

5 Name Period Identifications 41. Choose 1 of the following to write an identification over. Greensboro Sit-ins Montegomery Bus Boycott Brown v. Board of Education Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Rides Who/What: When: Where: What happened: Why important: 5

6 Name Period 42. Choose 1 of the following that you did not choose in 41 to write an identification. Greensboro Sit-ins Montegomery Bus Boycotts Brown v. Board of Education Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Rides Who/What: When: Where: What happened: Why important: 6

7 Name Period Civil Rights Movement ( ) Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. B 8. B 9. B 10. D 11. B 12. A 13. B 14. C 15. A 16. C 17. C 18. D 19. B 20. C 21. B 22. A 23. D 24. C 25. B MATCHING 26. G 27. I 28. H 29. E 30. A 31. K 32. F 33. L 34. C 35. B 36. M 37. Q 38. O 39. N 40. P 7

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