Study Island. Generation Date: 04/01/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: US History Domestic Changes

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1 Study Island Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Generation Date: 04/01/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: US History Domestic Changes 1. Which person served as president of the United States without having been elected as president or vice president? A. Gerald Ford B. John F. Kennedy C. Lyndon Johnson D. Jimmy Carter 2. Head Start Medicare Volunteers in Service to America The items in the box above are government programs that were started during President Lyndon Johnson's administration. What was the name given to President Johnson's domestic programs? A. the New Deal B. the Great Society C. the New Frontier D. the Square Deal 3. "That GI Bill was the best piece of legislation ever passed by the U.S. Congress, and it made modern America. The educational establishment boomed. The suburbs, starting with Levittown and others, were paid by GIs borrowing on their GI Bill at a very low interest rate. Thousands and thousands of small businesses were started in this country and are still there thanks to the loans from the GI Bill. It transformed our country." -By historian Steven Ambrose

2 Which of the following happened as a result of the GI Bill? A. The United States gave aid to Turkey and Greece following World War II. B. The U.S. created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. C. Many all-male universities began admitting female students. D. More than 1 million World War II veterans enrolled in college in We stand at the edge of a New Frontier the frontier of unfulfilled hopes and dreams. It will deal with unsolved problems of peace and war, unconquered pockets of ignorance and prejudice, unanswered questions of poverty and surplus. John F. Kennedy The quotation above is from John F. Kennedy's acceptance speech to become Democratic nominee for president in the 1960 election. After Kennedy became president, the term "New Frontier" was used to describe the domestic and foreign government programs that Kennedy supported. Which was one of the New Frontier programs that were created during the Kennedy administration? A. the Peace Corps B. the National Park Service C. the Department of Homeland Security D. the Social Security Administration 5.

3 The first Earth Day was held April 22, Its goal was to A. raise awareness of property laws. B. focus on territorial disputes. C. bring attention to national borders. D. raise environmental awareness. 6. Senator Joseph McCarthy conducted a Senate investigation regarding communist infiltration of, which went too far and led to the demise of his career. A. the U.S. Army B. the F.B.I. C. the U.S. Supreme Court D. Ivy League colleges 7. What principle was established by the 1963 Supreme Court case Gideon v. Wainwright? A. Executive privilege of the president did not extend to data in files bearing on criminal prosecution. B. Those who cannot hire a lawyer shall have counsel provided for them. C. Those who are clinically insane cannot be brought to trial. D. Those who are arrested must be read their rights at the time of arrest. 8. Provided low-interest home loans Provided for college or vocational education Provided one year of unemployment compensation The provided World War II veterans with the items above. A. Marshall Plan B. New Deal C. GI Bill D. Great Society

4 9. Which case is correctly matched with the principle it established? A. Brown v. Board of Education discrimination in hiring is illegal B. Miranda v. Arizona suspected criminals must be read their rights C. Lochner v. New York invalidated state statutes prohibiting interracial marriage D. Griswold v. Connecticut abortion is legal 10. The U.S.S.R. launched Sputnik I on October 4, What was the impact of this event? A. It marked the start of the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union. B. It marked the first time that the Soviet Union had successfully created a nuclear weapon. C. It marked the start of the space race between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. D. It marked the beginning of the friendship period in the Cold War. 11. You have the right to remain silent and refuse to answer questions. Anything you do or say may be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to consult an attorney before speaking to the police and to have an attorney present during questioning now or in the future. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you before any questioning if yo u wish. If you decide to answer questions now without an attorney present you will still have the right to stop answering at any time until you talk to an attorney. The rights above are read to those who are arrested. Which Supreme Court decision made this procedure standard? A. Griswold v. Connecticut B. Miranda v. Arizona C. Gideon v. Wainwright D. Olmstead v. United States 12. Begun in 1965, which government program provides medical insurance to people over the age of sixty-five? A. Social Security B. Medicare C. the Job Corps D. Head Start

5 13. Which U.S. president declared a "war on poverty" and supported many programs to help the poor of America? A. Gerald Ford B. Harry Truman C. John F. Kennedy D. Lyndon Johnson 14. Which government agency was formed in 1970 in order to prevent the pollution of America's water, air, and land? A. the National Park Service B. the Department of Health and Human Services C. the Environmental Protection Agency D. the Bureau of Land Management 15. Why did Richard Nixon resign from the presidency in 1974? A. Nixon resigned because of the economic problems that were facing the country. B. Nixon resigned because he was not pleased with the outcome of the Vietnam War. C. Nixon resigned because he wanted to pursue other interests. D. Nixon resigned because of his role in the Watergate scandal. 16. Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein are best known for their investigative reporting on which event? A. the Kennedy assassination B. the energy crisis C. the Vietnam War D. the Watergate scandal 17. The Watergate scandal involved a burglary at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. What was President Richard Nixon's role in the Watergate scandal? A. He ordered a cover-up after the break-in.

6 B. He was one of the burglars at the Watergate Hotel. C. He had organized the break-in at the Watergate Hotel. D. He notified police that the burglary had taken place. 18. The principle that abortion is legal under the constitutionally protected right to privacy was established by A. Marbury v. Madison. B. Roe v. Wade. C. Miranda v. Arizona. D. Griswold v. Connecticut. 19. The House of Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigative committee in the U.S. House of Representatives formed in In 1947, the committee conducted a series of hearings over a nine-day period to investigate communist propaganda and influence in the Hollywood motion picture industry. This ultimately led to the "Hollywood Blacklist," which consisted of a list of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S. entertainment professionals who were denied employment because of their real or alleged political beliefs and associations. Over 300 artists found themselves blacklisted and many were forced to write under pseudonyms or leave the country in order to find work. The blacklisted entertainers were victims of, a hunt for communists led by a Senator from Wisconsin. A. McCarthyism B. Jim Crow C. containment D. Reaganomics 20. What was the goal of the Great Society programs promoted by President Lyndon Johnson? A. to improve the American space program B. to end poverty and racial injustice in the U.S. C. to bring an end to the Vietnam War D. to spread democracy throughout the world

7 21. What was the Supreme Court's ruling in the United States v. Nixon case of 1974? A. The president has the right to privacy because it is protected by the Constitution. B. The president has the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. C. D. The president cannot use executive privilege in order to withhold evidence from a criminal trial. The president does not have to participate in a criminal trial because he has executive privilege. 22. Which government program was created in 1965 to help preschool-aged children in lowincome families? A. the Peace Corps B. Head Start C. the Job Corps D. Medicaid 23. Which act was passed by the federal government in response to the Soviet launch of the Sputnik satellite in 1957? A. the Civil Rights Act B. the Patriot Act C. the National Defense Education Act D. the Economic Opportunity Act

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