Zhou Jianping. Chief Designer of China Manned Space Program. September 2013 Beijing

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1 China Space Station Project Zhou Jianping Chief Designer of China Manned Space Program September 2013 Beijing

2 Contents Introduction Overview of China space station Unique features of China space station International cooperations Summary 2

3 Introduction Backgrounds and objects of China space station project 3

4 Backgrounds of China space station 1980s 863 project Space technologies became one of the seven fields of 863 project 1992 Chinese government decided to implement manned space program 4

5 Backgrounds of China space station Three-step strategy: First step: experimental manned spaceship project Second step: Space laboratory, EVA, RVD Third step: Space station project 5

6 1999 ~ 2005 Four unmanned space flight demostration Shenzhou 5, realized Chinese first manned space flight Shenzhou 6, three astronauts in space for six days 6

7 2008 Shenzhou 7, First Chinese EVA in Feitian spacesuit 2011 ~ 2013 Tiangong 1, Shenzhou 8, Automatic RVD; Shenzhou 9, Manual RVD, First Chinese female astronaut Liuyang in space Shenzhou 10, First space class in Tiangong by Wang yaping 7

8 Approval of China space station project September 2010, Chinese government approved the space station project. Objects: finish building China space station around 2020, master the long term human spaceflight technology independently, qualified with the abilities of long term man tender space science and technology test, exploit the space resources comprehensively. 8

9 Basic ideas of China space station Tally Chinese conditions, moderate scale, with future development Pursuit technology progress, make use of modern advanced technology, with full abilities of building large scale space facilities and on-orbit operations Focus on applications benefits, achieve innovation progress on space applications Operate space station economically, with sustainable development 9

10 Aim of China space station project Build and operate space station. Master space station technologies: large scale manned platform on-orbit assemble, long term human spaceflight, operations and maintenance technologies. 10

11 Build national space laboratory Carry on multi-field space science experiments, and test, and science promotion activities applications Carry on international (regional) cooperation, contribute to peacefully exploit and use space resources for mankind 11

12 Overview of China space station 12

13 Facts of China space station Orbit inclination: 42 ~43 Altitude: 340km~450km Designed Life: >10 years crew: 3 persons Modules: 3 13

14 Basic configuration of China space station China space station consists of three modules: core module lab module Ⅰ lab module Ⅱ 14

15 Core Module manage and control center habitation cabin node module, serve as docking port and airlock. resource module, resupply, refuel. Robotic arm 1 space medicine and life science research facility 15

16 Lab module I habitation cabin internal research facility: Modular racks external payloads airlock 2DOF solar array robotic arm 2 16

17 Lab Module Ⅱ internal and external payloads storage of crew consumes 2DOF solar array Astronomy Survey Facility 17

18 Assembling plan Core module Lab module I RVD Lab module I transposition Lab module Ⅱ RVD Lab module Ⅱ transposition

19 Crew transportation system The crew transportation system consists of: Shenzhou spaceship and Long March 2F launch vehicle. Manned spaceship 19 Long march 2F launch vehicle

20 Cargo transportation system The cargo transportation system consists of: TIANZHOU cargo spaceship and Long March 7 launch vehicle. Uploading cargo: crew consumes, propellants and experiment equipments. Re-entry and dispose the wastes. Long march 7 TIANZHOU Cargo spaceship 20

21 Cargo spaceship The modularized cargo spaceship consists of cargo module and service module. Three types of Cargo module: pressurized, semi-pressurized and unpressurized module. Cargo spaceship can support some experiments. 21

22 Long March 7 launch vehicle Long March 7 launch vehicle is used to launch the cargo spaceship. liquid oxygen kerosene engine. LEO ability is about 13,000 kg. Launch site: Hainan Long march 7

23 Long march 5B launch vehicle Long March 5B launch vehicle is used to launch the three modules of the space station. liquid oxygen kerosene and liquid hydrogen liquid oxygen engine LEO ability is about 20,000 kg Launch site: Hainan 23

24 Astronauts visiting The crew consists of 2 to 3 astronauts, including 1 pilot as commander while the others may be space pilot, space engin eer or payload expert, depending on the mission requirement. The crew live and work continuously in the space station by crew rotate while each crew stay up to 6 months.

25 Space station utilizations Builiding the space station as national space laboratory and make full use of the capabilities of the space station to carry out experiments and applications researches to achieve breakthrough on science and technologies. It provides platform to implement international research collaborations. 25

26 Areas of utilizations space medicine space life science and biology microgravity fluid physics and burn science space material science microgravity fundamental physics space astronomy and astrophysics space earth science and technology space based information technology space new technology space applications new technology space environment and space physics space component and parts 26

27 Space flight verification scheme for space station 1)Launching Tiangong 2 space laboratory and cargo spaceship to verify refuel technology and verify the related technologies on middle term habitation of astronauts in space 2 ) Launching a Long March 7 experimental launch vehicle and a Long March 5B experimental launch vehicle to verify the newly developing launch vehicles

28 Space flight verification scheme for space station 3)Launching a experiment core module to verify long term habitation of astronauts in space, regenerative life support and environment control technology, flexible solar array technology, large scale combined spacecraft control technology, space station construction technology, on-orbit maintenance and extra-vehicle manipulation technology.

29 Unique Features of China Space Station Robust and sustainable microgravity platform Continuous human presence in space Expandable and reconfigurable capability upgrades Modularized and maintainable for life extension Modularized cargo spaceship

30 Unique Features of China Space Station Automated on-board management High data rate transmission and nearly 100% coverage Internal and external Payload support Regenerative life support and environment control Electric propulsion

31 International cooperations Carry out world wide space utilization cooperations including joint design and development of payloads, and share research results. Accommodate the international lab modules and jointly developed lab modules. Lab module Utilization International spaceship visit China space station Spaceship Cooperations Joint flight of astronauts. Provide training and flight opportunities to international astronauts Astronauts Rescue Respond to international space rescue needs 31

32 Summary China space station is the next step of Chinese manned space program, and will be completed around China space station will provide a robust, sustainable and expandable microgravity platform which enables human presence and various utilizations in space. continuous International cooperations are encouraged in aspects of lab module, space utilization,astronauts and crew rescue etc. 32

33 Thank you! 33

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