HOME COMPOSTING and ORGANIC VEGETABLE GARDENING *

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1 HOME COMPOSTING and ORGANIC VEGETABLE GARDENING * VIRGINIA C. CUEVAS 1, FERNANDO C. SANCHEZ, JR. 2 and CONSTANCIO C. DE GUZMAN 2 1 Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, and 2 Crop Science Cluster, College of Agriculture, UPLB * Presented at the BCP Convention 2012: Biotech for All Seasons and for All Reasons May 2012; Traders Hotel Manila Corporation Biofertilizer, Biofungicide, Growth promoter, and Activator for rapid composting

2 Kitchen waste composting

3 Puede ring gamitin ang timbang plastic o balde (can) Trichoderma microbial inoculant (TMI) or compost fungus activator Paglalagay ng paper lining kung ang gagamitin ay balde - can or plastic na timba

4 Gawin ito kung tuyo ang basura; huwag sobrahan ang basa ½ - 1 kutsarita TMI ang gamitin sa tuwing maglalagay ng bagong basura Tandaan huwag sobrahan ang basa 1. Ang magandang kompost ay walang amoy. Kapag may masamang amoy, kulang sa hangin at sobra ang tubig ang proseso ng pagbubulok. 2. Kung isasama ang mga laman loob ng isda o karne pakuluan muna ang mga ito bago ihalo. 3. Dapat ang kompost ay kulay lupa at hindi na nakikita ang bahagi ng orihinal na materyales na isinama. 4. Huwag gagamitin ang kompost kung mainit pa ito. Kung mainit pa hindi pa tapos ang pagbubulok. Makasasama ang mainit na kompost sa halaman.

5 Yard waste composting Steps: Pictures courtesy of the project of Dr. F. C. Sanchez, Jr. 1. Choose an area that is not water logged. 2. Prepare an improvised platform to provide air passage using woody trashes.

6 3. Use large trash leaves as lining. 4. Pile loosely yard wastes. 5. Moisten the wastes especially when dry. 6. Apply TMI or activator g/ton of wastes (0.025 to 0.05%)evenly over the wastes; more TMI are needed if wastes are woody.

7 7. Apply animal manure if available. Ideal ratio 20 30% animal manure to the total wt of the substrates. This step is optional. Woody chips 8. Add more yard wastes. 9. Apply evenly again the TMI. 10. Moisten when the wastes are dry. 11. Add the manure again. Repeat the whole process until all wastes are utilized. Sequence yard wastes, moisten, activator, manure

8 Last layer of yard wastes 12. Cover the pile with plastic. Cover will keep the heat generated by microbial respiration which are active in decay process. Cover will also keep the wastes moist. 13. Coconut/banana leaves can also be used as cover. Compost after two months. The only recognizable original substrates were the fruit peelings - soft and can be easily crushed. Hard and woody materials take longer time to fully decompose.

9 Rapid composting of agricultural residues and weeds in the field Atok, Benguet Mature compost 35 days after set-up

10 Utilization of Compost Effect of MSW Compost on Some Growth Characteristic of Vegetable Amaranth Parameter Control 25% Compost Plant height (cm) 7.34c 20.28a 14.22b Leaf number 23.2c 65.6a 44.7b Number of branches 6.7c 10.1a 8.1b Leaf weight (g) 9.19c 59.03a 40.06b Stem weight 5.56c 46.21a 26.22b Root weight 2.48c 13.89a 8.85b 50% Compost University of the Philippines Los Baños

11 Green and Red Vegetable Amaranth University of the Philippines Los Baños Effect of MSW Compost on Some Growth Characteristic of the Ornamental Crop Aster Treatment Control IF Height (cm) 55.00bc 63.25bc 25% compost 64.71bc 25% compost + IF 66.89c 50% compost 45.46b 50% compost + IF 53.13bc 75% compost 23.59a 75% compost + IF 23.18a University of the Philippines Los Baños

12 Treatment Control IF Aster Yield (Shoot Weight) (g) a ab 25% compost bc 25% compost + IF c 50% compost bc 50% compost + IF bc University of the Philippines Los Baños Inorganic Fertilizer Compost Level %

13 Utilization of compost: Edible Landscaping: Fresh Solutions for your Kitchen Garden Fernando C. Sanchez, Jr., Bryan V. Apacionado, Maria Charito E. Balladares, Norma G. Medina, Ryan Rodrigo P. Tayobong and Leonido R. Naranja + Crop Science Cluster, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB), College, Laguna 4031 Philippines

14 Softscapes Components... Technically, the plants used in landscaping are called softscapes. Components... Hardscapes

15 Components... Themed Gardens Salad Garden Herb Garden Design Ideas OCN-UPLB

16 Design Ideas DA-BAR Design Ideas DA-BAR

17 Design Ideas Design Ideas

18 Design Ideas UPRHS & QAES Thank you for listening!

Introduction Ask the members whether one of them uses compost in his/her garden. Make him/her explain why and how it is used.

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