USING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL B ANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRON

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "USING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL B ANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRON"

Transcription

1 UCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNM SYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT E VIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH HAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITIC USING Data MEDICAL Set GOVERNMENTAL Directory PUBLIC of HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL B ANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRON DICAL Social GOVERNMENTAL Determinants PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL of Health BEHAVIORAL ONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOU VERNMENTAL at the PUBLIC Local HEALTH Level PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPO PLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDI BLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY E UCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNM SYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT E VIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH HAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITIC USING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL B ANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRON DICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL ONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOU VERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPO PLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDI BLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY E UCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNM SYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT E VIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH HAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITIC USING MEDICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL B ANSPORT ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRON DICAL GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL ONOMY EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOU VERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPO PLOYMENT EDUCATION POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING MEDI BLIC HEALTH PSYCHOSOCIAL BEHAVIORAL TRANSPORT ECONOMY E UCATION POLITICAL U.S. Department ENVIRONMENTAL Of Health and HOUSING Human Services MEDICAL GOVERNM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

2 Suggested Citation Hillemeier M, Lynch J, Harper S, Casper M. Data Set Directory of Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; For More Information Write: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division of Adult and Community Health Cardiovascular Health Branch 4770 Buford Highway NE MS K-47 Atlanta, GA Online This publication is available at Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the following people for their valuable contributions to the publication of this directory: the workshop participants (listed on page iii) for providing their expert opinions on the dimensions and components of the social environment; Kurt Greenlund and Ishmael Williams for their involvement in the early stages of this project; Mark Harrison for the beautiful cover design, his expertise in formatting information-rich tables, and his great editorial skills; and Amanda Crowell for serving as an excellent copy editor. This work was funded by ASPH/CDC/ATSDR Cooperative Agreement S /19. Web site addresses of nonfederal organizations are provided solely as a service to our readers. Provision of an address does not constitute an endorsement of this organization by CDC or the federal government, and none should be inferred. CDC is not responsible for the content of other organization s Web pages.

3 Data Set Directory of Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Marianne Hillemeier, PhD Pennsylvania State University John Lynch, PhD University of Michigan Sam Harper, MSPH Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Michele Casper, PhD Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The contents of this directory are adapted from the following article: Hillemeier M.M., J. Lynch, S. Harper, and M. Casper Measuring contextual characteristics for community health. Health Services Research 38(6 part 2): This document is published in partnership with the Social Determinants of Health Work Group at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

4 Workshop Participants * Donna Armstrong University at Albany, SUNY Department of Epidemiology Elizabeth Barnett West Virginia University Department of Community Medicine Stuart Batterman University of Michigan Environmental Health Sciences Matt Boulton Michigan Department of Community Health Bureau of Epidemiology Michele Casper Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cardiovascular Health Branch George Davey Smith University of Bristol Department of Social Medicine Allen Dearry National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Ana Diez Roux Columbia University Division of General Medicine Jim Dunn University of British Columbia Department of Health Care and Epidemiology Bonnie Duran University of New Mexico School of Medicine Department of Family and Community Medicine Anne Ellaway University of Glasgow Social and Public Health Sciences Unit

5 Arline Geronimus University of Michigan Department of Health Behavior and Health Education Kurt Greenlund Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cardiovascular Health Branch Sam Harper National Center for Health Statistics, CDC Office of Analysis, Epidemiology and Health Promotion Marianne Hillemeier Pennsylvania State University Department of Health Policy and Administration James House University of Michigan Survey Research Center George Kaplan University of Michigan Department of Epidemiology James Krieger Epidemiology Planning and Evaluation Public Health Seattle and King County Nancy Krieger Harvard School of Public Health Department of Health and Social Behavior Verna Lamar-Welch Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cardiovascular Health Branch Tama Leventhal Teachers College, Columbia University Center for Children and Families Cynthia Lopez University of New Mexico School of Medicine Department of Family and Community Medicine John Lynch University of Michigan Department of Epidemiology iii

6 Jeffrey Morenoff University of Michigan Department of Sociology Patricia O'Campo Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health Elsie Pamuk National Center for Health Statistics, CDC Office of Analysis, Epidemiology, and Health Promotion Harold Pollack University of Michigan, Department of Health Management and Policy Amy Schulz University of Michigan Department of Health Behavior and Health Education Mary Shaw University of Bristol School of Geographical Sciences Sharon Simonton University of Michigan Department of Epidemiology Mah-jabeen Soobader Rochester General Hospital Division of General Pediatrics Gavin Turrell Queensland University of Technology School of Public Health Norman Waitzman University of Utah Department of Economics Pamela Waterman Harvard School of Public Health David Williams University of Michigan Survey Research Center iv

7 Ishmael Williams Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cardiovascular Health Branch Doug Willms University of New Brunswick Faculty of Education John Wooding University of Massachusetts, Lowell Regional Economic and Social Development Michael Woolcock World Bank v

8 Contents Introduction to the Data Set Directory... 1 Dimensions of the Social Environment... 3 Economy... 4 Overview... 4 Data Sets... 5 Employment Overview Data Sets Education Overview Data Sets Political Overview Data Sets Environmental Overview Data Sets Housing Overview Data Sets Medical Overview Data Sets Governmental Overview Data Sets Public Health Overview Data Sets Psychosocial Overview Data Sets vi

9 Contents, Continued Behavioral Overview Data Sets Transport Overview Data Sets References vii

10 Introduction to the Data Set Directory There is widespread interest in the role of local social determinants of health at the local level. Federal, state, and local government agencies, academic institutions, and community organizations are increasingly recognizing the need to understand and address the socioeconomic contexts within which people work and play in order to improve their health and welfare. There is renewed emphasis on implementing interventions aimed at improving socioenvironmental conditions. Such interventions have the potential to produce wide-ranging health benefits (see the April 2003 supplement of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine) and could reduce marked health disparities that remain a high-priority concern for public health (USDHHS 2000). It is critical that decisions regarding how to improve health and eliminate health disparities are integrated into the larger picture of community characteristics that promote or endanger health. A recent theme in the literature and in meetings of interested parties around the country is the need for improved conceptualization and availability of data on how the social environment impacts the health of populations (Pickett and Pearl 2001; Macintyre and Ellaway and Cummins 2002; Yen and Syme 1999; Kaplan and Lynch 1997, 2001; Diez Roux 2004; Berkman 2004; Krieger and Davey Smith 2004; Institute of Medicine 1997; M. Miringoff and M.L. Miringoff 1999; Howell et al. 2003). This Data Set Directory of Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level is a response to those needs. The directory contains an extensive list of existing data sets that can be used to address these determinants. The data sets are organized according to 12 dimensions, or broad categories, of the social environment. Each dimension is subdivided into various components. This directory grew out of a project based at the University of Michigan School of Public Health and funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Investigators from the United States and Europe were invited to a workshop to review an initial list of dimensions important for understanding social determinants of health. Participants represented a wide range of disciplines including epidemiology, sociology, geography, medicine, demography, economics, developmental psychology, education, and toxicology. Others with interests and expertise in the effects of community contextual characteristics on health were also invited, including government experts on data sources and geographic information systems, public health practitioners, and experts on community consultation and processes. 1

11 Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Structured discussions among the workshop participants led to consensus on a core set of 12 dimensions. Participants then generated detailed lists of components within each dimension, along with suggestions for possible data sources and specific variables that might be used to measure the components of each dimension. Based on the results of the workshop, the lists of components and data indicators were refined by the University of Michigan staff, taking into consideration both conceptual relevance and availability of appropriate data at the local level. An extensive search for data sets that address each of the dimensions and components was conducted including both traditional and non-traditional sources. The results of this search are presented in this directory. We focused primarily, but not exclusively, on data sets that contain information for Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). We chose to focus on MSAs primarily because there is a broad range of data for MSAs that is routinely collected and geocoded. We recognize, however, that there is no single ideal level for measuring social determinants of health in relationship to health-damaging and health-promoting factors. In fact, different characteristics may operate at different levels. An argument can be made that using more localized units, such as county, zip code, census tract, and census block, increases the likelihood of measuring certain aspects of the social and physical environment actually experienced by individuals. Conversely, considerably more richly detailed contextual data sources are available for larger units such as states. Given the inevitable trade-offs between data availability and proximity to lived experience, we chose to focus on MSAs. 2

12 Dimensions of the Social Environment This table lists the 12 dimensions of the social environment. Each section begins with a brief overview of the literature for each dimension. These reviews are not exhaustive, but rather provide some of the background that led to them being included in this directory. Each dimension is divided into several components. Each component has one or more indicators, and for each indicator at least one data set is listed. Dimension See Page Economy 5 Employment 13 Education 19 Political 25 Environmental 29 Housing 33 Medical 39 Governmental 43 Public Health 47 Psychosocial 51 Behavioral 55 Transport 59 3

13 Economy Overview The association between higher levels of economic resources and more optimal health is one of the most well-documented relationships in public health research (Susser and Watson and Hopper 1985; Krieger et al. 1993; Lynch and Kaplan 2000), and economic aspects of local areas have been among the most frequently analyzed contextual factors with regard to mortality and other outcomes. Significant associations have been shown between health status and community economic characteristics including income (Anderson et al. 1997; Diez Roux et al. 1997) and inequality in income distribution (Lynch et al. 1998; Kennedy et al. 1998), wealth (Diez Roux et al. 1997; O Campo et al. 1997), poverty (Yen and Kaplan 1999; Shaw et al. 2000), and the geographic concentration of poverty (Waitzman and Smith 1998a,b). The fact that data for most of these economic indicators are readily available for small areas in census data is undoubtedly an important factor accounting for their widespread use (Mitchell et al. 2000). Our consultants encouraged a broadened perspective to more fully assess the economic status of communities. On one hand, this involved identifying a more diversified set of indicators for commonly studied components, such as considering various types of income (earnings, investments, and transfers) in addition to the overall mean or median income in an area. On the other hand, a number of additional components of economic well-being were also suggested for inclusion. For example, the opportunities for community residents to obtain financial resources would be influenced by characteristics of economic development in an area, including productivity, industrial mix, and amount of area business lending, as well as by the exchanges of goods and services through the informal economy. The availability of financial services such as banks and other sources of credit were considered important, as were local costs of living, patterns of redistribution through taxes and transfers, and the fiscal capacity of the area. One other seldom-considered aspect of the economic milieu concerns the degree to which segments of the community are differentially exploited, and thereby constrained in their access to monetary resources. Indicators of exploitation include the ratio of wages to corporate profits, as well as issues related to location of jobs such as length of commute and commuter taxation. 4

14 Economy Data Sets This table presents the components and indicators of the economic dimension. Nine economic components are identified: 1. Income 2. Wealth 3. Poverty 4. Economic Development 5. Financial Services 6. Cost of Living 7. Redistribution 8. Fiscal Capacity 9. Exploitation Within each component, several indicators are identified, and for each indicator at least one data set is listed. 1. Income A. Earned income 1. Median and per capita annual income... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). 2. Mean hourly and annual wage... Bureau of Labor Statistics (stat.bls.gov/oes/home.htm). Data by occupation available in downloadable Excel files. 3. Hourly wage, union, and nonunion workers... Union Membership and Earnings Data Book (www.bna.com/bnaplus/labor/laborrpts.html). Separate tables for public and private sector workers and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing workers. Customized reports available for any or all years since Per capita personal income... Bureau of Economic Analysis (www.bea.doc.gov/bea/regional/reis). Downloadable compressed comma-separated-value files. B. Disposable income 1. Median and per capita Effective Buying Index Demographics U.S.A (www.tradedimensions.com/p_demographics.html). Effective Buying Index represents money income minus taxes. Data available on CD-ROM. C. Income distribution 1. Gini coefficient of income inequality; 90%ile/10%ile ratio... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). 5

15 Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Economy Data Sets, Continued 1. Income (continued) D. Geographic concentration of income 1. Concentration of poverty... Jargowsky, P. A Stunning Progress, Hidden Problems: The Dramatic Decline of Concentrated Poverty in the 1990s (www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/ es/urban/publications/jargowskypoverty.pdf). Percentage of the poor residing in high poverty neighborhoods; total and race-specific rates. E. Economic segregation 1. Dissimilarity index (d), poor/nonpoor segregation; Contact index (xpy*), poor/nonpoor segregation Wealth Sociometrics Contextual Data Archive (www.socio.com). Downloadable compressed data files for PC and UNIX, including raw data and SPSS and SAS files. A. Geographic concentration of wealth 1. Mean and median net worth... ESRI Business Information Solution (www.esribis.com). Data can be integrated into ArcGIS. B. Debt levels 1. Bankruptcy filings... Economy.com (www.economy.com/research). Personal and business bankruptcy filings and rates per thousand households, by type. C. Savings rates 1. Dollar amount of deposits in savings institutions and banks... Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (www3.fdic.gov/sod/index.asp). From Web site page, choose Summary Tables, then MSA or county tables. D. Real estate ownership/values 1. Median value owner-occupied housing units... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). 3. Poverty A. Geographic concentration of poverty 1. Poverty rate... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). 2. Concentration of poverty... See Jargowsky B. Deprivation associated with poverty-level income 1. Percent of families with incomes less than half of the poverty line... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). 6

16 Economy Data Sets, Continued 4. Economic Development A. Productivity 1. Gross metropolitan product (GMP) and GMP growth rate... B. Industrial mix 1. Wholesale, retail, service, and manufacturing establishments... C. Business lending indicators U.S. Metro Economies (usmayors.org/uscm/home.asp). Downloadable tables in PDF. Census Bureau, Economic Census (www.census.gov). 1. City governments bond ratings... Statistical Abstract of the United States (www.census.gov/statab/www). From this Web site page, select desired year; select State and Local Government Finances and Employment. 5. Financial Services A. Availability of credit 1. Home loan denial rates by race, applicants with incomes <50%, 50-79%, 80-99%, %, and 120% of MSA median... Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data (www.ffiec.gov/reports.htm). From this Web site page, choose Aggregates Reports under Home Mortgage Disclosure Act; select state and MSA of interest; Aggregate Table 5-2 Disposition of applications for conventional home purchase loans, by income and race of applicant, is downloadable as PDF or spreadsheet. B. Availability of banking and checkcashing services 1. Number of bank and savings institution offices Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (www3.fdic.gov/sod/index.asp). From this Web site page, choose Summary Tables, then MSA or county tables. 6. Cost of Living A. Local cost of living indices 1. Cost of living index: composite/grocery items/housing/utilities/transportation/health care; average local prices for a wide range of specific food items, products, and services... American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association (www.accra.org). Quarterly and annual average data may be purchased as downloadable spreadsheet or hardcopy. 7

17 Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Economy Data Sets, Continued 6. Cost of Living (continued) A. Local cost of living indices (continued) 2. Basic family budget: total/housing/food/child care/health care/transportation/taxes... B. Spending/consumption patterns 1. Consumer expenditures: total/food/alcoholic beverages/housing/apparel/transportation/ health care/entertainment/personal care products and services/reading/education/ tobacco products/personal insurance and pensions... Economic Policy Institute: Hardships in America (epinet.org). From this Web site page, choose Basic Family Budget Calculator; select a metropolitan area of interest or download budget tables for all areas in Excel. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) (www.bls.gov). From this Web site page, select Consumer Expenditures; select Tables Created by BLS; select current MSA tables grouped by region in text format or PDF. C. Income to spending ratios 1. Ratio annual income/expenditures... Can be calculated from BLS expenditures data. 7. Redistribution A. Taxes 1. Local tax rates Statistical Abstract of the United States (www.census.gov/statab/www). From this Web site page, select desired year; select State and Local Government Finances and Employment. 2. Tax Foundation (www.taxfoundation.org). From this Web site page, select State Finance; select Combined State and Local Tax Burdens as a Percentage of Income, by State. 2. Cigarette tax... Tax Foundation (www.taxfoundation.org). From this Web site page, select State Finance; select Various Tax Rates. 3. Taxpayers filing for Earned Income Tax Credit Brookings Institution (www.brook.edu/es/urban/eitc/eitcnational.pdf). B. Transfers 1. Transfer payments... Bureau of Economic Analysis (www.bea.doc.gov/bea/regional/reis). Downloadable compressed comma-separated-value files. 8

18 Economy Data Sets, Continued 8. Fiscal Capacity A. Property values 1. Median value, owner-occupied housing units... Census Bureau (www.census.gov). B. Sales levels 1. Dollar amount of retail sales per household Demographics USA (tradedimensions.com/p_demographics.html). Data available on CD-ROM. 2. State and Metropolitan Area Data Book (www.census.gov/statab/www/smadb.html). C. Income capacity 1. Buying power index... Demographics USA (www.tradedimensions.com/p_demographics.html). A weighted index incorporating population, economic, and distributional information to measure the market s ability to buy, expressed as a percentage of the national total (100%). Data available on CD-ROM. 2. Standardized fiscal health... State of the Nations Cities Database (policy.rutgers.edu/cupr/sonc/sonc.htm). Defined by Ladd and Yinger (America s Ailing Cities: Fiscal Health and the Design of Urban Policy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1991) as the difference between a city s revenue-raising capacity and its expenditure need expressed as a percentage of capacity. Used to reveal the net effect of a city s economic, social, and demographic characteristics on a city s ability to deliver a standard level of public services at a standard tax burden on its residents. Database available in four PC formats (tab-delimited ASCII, SPSS portable, Excel, and SAS) and one Macintosh format. 9

19 Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Economy Data Sets, Continued 9. Exploitation A. Ratio of wages to corporate profits 1. Ratio of average production worker wage: average value added per manufacturing employee Ratio of average nonunion worker wage: average union worker wage... Can be calculated from data in State and Metropolitan Area Data Book 1991 (www.census.gov/statab/www/smadb.html). Can be calculated from data in the Union Membership and Earnings Data Book (www.bna.com/bnaplus/labor/laborrpts.html). B. Commuter taxes 1. Transit and vanpool tax exemption benefits... Federal Transit Administration (www.fta.dot.gov/library/policy/cc/tvbtei.html). Data on which states allow federally exempted, qualified transportation fringe benefits to be exempted from state tax. C. Commuting patterns 1. Means of travel to work; median travel time to work; median income by means of transport to work; median income and number of workers in household by vehicles available... Census Bureau, Transportation Planning Package (www.census.gov). 2. Travel time index... Texas Transportation Institute (mobility.tamu.edu/). Annual Urban Mobility Report includes a Travel Time Index, reflecting the average amount of extra time it takes to travel in the peak period relative to free-flow travel. 10

20 Employment Overview Aspects of employment in residential areas have also been among the more frequently considered factors in research on context and health. Adverse outcomes have generally been found to be positively associated with higher community levels of unemployment (Guest and Almgren and Hussey 1998; LeClere and Rogers and Peters 1998), as well as with larger proportions of employed residents working at lower social class occupations (Armstrong et al. 1998; Cubbin and LeClere and Smith 2000). Unemployment rates and/or occupational status measures are also frequently combined with other indicators of areal deprivation, including median income, car ownership, education level, and overcrowded housing, to form summary measures that are associated with poorer health (e.g., Townsend and Phillimore and Beattie 1988; Carstairs and Morris 1989). In addition to the usual employment indicators, we include a number of other measures. Looking in detail at characteristics of the workforce, for example, along with the area business capacity and the geography of job growth would facilitate assessment of job access, as well as the degree of spatial mismatch, which may adversely affect the employment opportunities of central city residents (Holzer 1991; Mouw 2000). Racial, gender-based, and anti-gay discrimination also limit access to employment and can cause stress-related consequences for health (Williams 1999; Krieger and Sidney 1997; Yen et al. 1999). The degree to which occupational safety regulations and policies are in place and enforced is likely to influence the frequency and severity of work-related injuries (McQuiston and Zakocs and Loomis 1998), while aspects of job quality, including wage equity, family-friendly policies, and demand/control characteristics of jobs, can reduce or exacerbate jobrelated stress and its sequelae (Cheng et al. 2000; de Jonge et al. 2000; A. L. Saltzstein and Ting and G.H. Saltzstein 2001). The presence of labor unions is also associated with more optimal working conditions and employee compensation (Hirsch and Macpherson 2001). 11

21 Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level Employment Data Sets This table describes the components and indicators of the employment dimension. Seven employment components are identified: 1. Employment/Unemployment Rates 2. Workforce Characteristics 3. Area Business Capacity 4. Job Access 5. Occupational Safety 6. Job Quality 7. Job Characteristics Within each component, several indicators are identified, and for each indicator at least one data set is listed. 1. Employment/Unemployment Rates A. Job security 1. Employment volatility... State of the Nation s Cities Database (policy.rutgers.edu/cupr/sonc/sonc.htm). Variables calculated by the Center for Urban Policy Research for this database indicating employment volatility relative to volatility in the United States as a whole. Database available in four PC formats (tab-delimited ASCII, SPSS portable, Excel, and SAS) and one Macintosh format. B. Labor market turnover 1. Unemployment rates: total, by race/ethnicity, sex, occupation, and industry Labor force participation rates: total, by race/ethnicity and sex Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Series (stats.bls.gov/lau/). From this Web site page, select monthly or annual average tables of total unemployment rates for metropolitan areas; tables available in PDF. 2. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Geographic Profile Series (stats.bls.gov/opub/gp/laugp.htm). From this Web site page, select Estimates for Metropolitan Areas and Cities; tables available in PDF. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Geographic Profile Series (stats.bls.gov/opub/gp/laugp.htm). From this Web site page, select Estimates for Metropolitan Areas and Cities. 12

22 Employment Data Sets, Continued 2. Workforce Characteristics A. Racial/ethnic/gender diversity 1. Percent distribution of employed persons by sex, race/ethnicity, and occupation... Bureau of Labor Statistics, Geographic Profile Series (stats.bls.gov/opub/gp/laugp.htm). From this Web site page, select Estimates for Metropolitan Areas and Cities. 2. Percent of workers who are female... Union Membership and Earnings Data Book (www.bna.com/bnaplus/labor/laborrpts.html). Total, private, public sector, and private manufacturing workers; customized reports available for any or all years since B. Skill level 1. Percent distribution of employed persons by sex, race/ethnicity, and occupation... C. Unionization 1. Percent of workforce unionized; percent of workers covered by union contract Collective bargaining protection laws covering state and local employees; laws protecting public employees right to strike 3. Area Business Capacity Bureau of Labor Statistics, Geographic Profile Series (stats.bls.gov/opub/gp/laugp.htm). Union Membership and Earnings Data Book (www.bna.com/bnaplus/labor/laborrpts.html). Total, private, public sector, and private manufacturing workers; customized reports available for any or all years since Dilts, D. A., C. R. Deitsch, and A. Rassuli Labor Relations Law in State and Local Government. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. A. Tax breaks offered 1. Corporate income tax rate... Tax Foundation (www.taxfoundation.org). From this Web site page, select State Finance; select Corporate Income Tax Rates. B. Number and size of businesses 1. Number of establishments by employment size (1-4, 5-9, 10-19, 20-49, 50-99, , , , 1,000 employees)... C. Business space available 1. Commercial office space (sq ft) in and outside central business district Commercial office space vacancy rate in and outside central business district... County Business Patterns (www.census.gov/pub/epcd/ cbp/download/cbpdownload.html). Downloadable comma-delimited data files and record layout documentation. Society of Industrial and Office Realtors (www.sior.com). From this Web site page, select Publications; online data from Comparative Statistics of Industrial and Office Real Estate Markets available for purchase. Society of Industrial and Office Realtors (www.sior.com). 13

Demographic Profile For Seminole County 1

Demographic Profile For Seminole County 1 Demographic Profile For County 1 AGRICULTURE... Farm Gate Value ($000), 2013 127,032 13,591,936 85,484 Farm Gate Value per Farm, Dollars, 2013 852,567 321,649 324,352 Farm Gate Value per Farm Acre, Dollars,

More information

Comparison Profile prepared by the New Mexico Economic Development Department State Data Center. Page 1 of 5

Comparison Profile prepared by the New Mexico Economic Development Department State Data Center. Page 1 of 5 Comparing New Mexico to Colorado DEMOGRAPHICS Colorado New Mexico Population estimates, July 1, 2014 5,355,866 2,085,572 Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 1.4% 1.4% Population

More information

Mississippi Residents Speak Out on Public Health Research

Mississippi Residents Speak Out on Public Health Research Mississippi Residents Speak Out on Public Health Research A Public Opinion Survey for Research!America 2004 Finding better ways to protect and promote your health Prevention and Public Health Research

More information

New Mexico. Comparison Profile prepared by the New Mexico Economic Development Department State Data Center. Page 1 of 5

New Mexico. Comparison Profile prepared by the New Mexico Economic Development Department State Data Center. Page 1 of 5 DEMOGRAPHICS Population estimates, July 1, 2014 2,085,572 Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 1.4% Population estimates, July 1, 2013 2,085,287 Population, percent change - April

More information

A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA

A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA As amended effective September 1, 2005 This publication is a guide to the CRA regulation and examination procedures. It is intended

More information

Community socioeconomic status and disparities in mortgage lending: An analysis of Metropolitan Detroit

Community socioeconomic status and disparities in mortgage lending: An analysis of Metropolitan Detroit The Social Science Journal 42 (2005) 479 486 Community socioeconomic status and disparities in mortgage lending: An analysis of Metropolitan Detroit Robert Mark Silverman Department of Urban and Regional

More information

Health Disparities in New Orleans

Health Disparities in New Orleans Health Disparities in New Orleans New Orleans is a city facing significant health challenges. New Orleans' health-related challenges include a high rate of obesity, a high rate of people without health

More information

H U M A N R E S O U R C E S

H U M A N R E S O U R C E S Introduction I n a knowledge-based economy, the educational attainment and technology savvy of the workforce are strong contributors to a region s overall economic prosperity. This section benchmarks Ohio

More information

Executive Summary Community Profiles

Executive Summary Community Profiles Executive Summary Community Profiles The Community Profiles focus on four study areas in Waco and compare the demographics in those study areas to the overall city. The study areas are North Waco area,

More information

BMA LIFE OUTCOMES DASHBOARD

BMA LIFE OUTCOMES DASHBOARD Leadership. Sustainability. Impact. BMA LIFE OUTCOMES DASHBOARD Developed by the Institute for Black Male Achievement, the BMA Life Outcomes Dashboard is a leading source of data on a select set of indicators

More information

Technical note. Data Sources

Technical note. Data Sources Technical note This site provides composition and segregation indices for public school children in the elementary grades (kindergarten through six). Children are classified into four major racial/ethnic

More information

Last year, The Center for Health Affairs (CHA) asked

Last year, The Center for Health Affairs (CHA) asked Planning & Action February 2008 9 By Mark Salling, Ph.D., and Michele Egan Health Needs Analysis, Assessment Looks at the Region Last year, The Center for Health Affairs (CHA) asked Community Solutions

More information

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION PUBLIC DISCLOSURE January 07, 2014 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION Lake Federal, FSB Charter Number 706128 7048 Kennedy Ave Hammond, IN 46323-2212 Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

More information

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas A Banker s Quick Reference Guide to CRA This publication is a guide to the CRA regulation and examination procedures. It is intended for bank CEOs, presidents, and CRA and

More information

Racial-Ethnic Inequality in Child Well-Being from 1985-2004: Gaps Narrowing, but Persist

Racial-Ethnic Inequality in Child Well-Being from 1985-2004: Gaps Narrowing, but Persist FOUNDATION for CHILD DEVELOPMENT Racial-Ethnic Inequality in Child Well-Being from 1985-2004: Gaps Narrowing, but Persist Donald J. Hernandez Suzanne E. Macartney University at Albany, SUNY 9 FCD Policy

More information

Teaching Health Policy and Politics in U.S. Schools of Public Health

Teaching Health Policy and Politics in U.S. Schools of Public Health Teaching Health Policy and Politics in U.S. Schools of Public Health DEBORAH R. McFARLANE and LARRY J. GORDON INTRODUCTION MOST public health activities in the United States are funded by the public sector.

More information

Oklahoma county. Community Health Status Assessment

Oklahoma county. Community Health Status Assessment Oklahoma county Wellness Score 2014 Community Health Status Assessment Mental and Social Health Overall Mental Health score The World Health Organization defines mental health as a state of well-being

More information

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE. March 02, 2009 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION. First National Bank of Michigan Charter Number 24637

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE. March 02, 2009 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION. First National Bank of Michigan Charter Number 24637 O SMALL BANK Comptroller of the Currency Administrator of National Banks Washington, DC 20219 PUBLIC DISCLOSURE March 02, 2009 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION First National Bank of Michigan

More information

Income is the most common measure

Income is the most common measure Income Goal A healthy standard of living for all Income is the most common measure of socioeconomic status, and a strong predictor of the health of an individual or community. When assessing the health

More information

Work-Related Fatalities in North Carolina, 2011 and Five-Year Trend (2007-2011)

Work-Related Fatalities in North Carolina, 2011 and Five-Year Trend (2007-2011) Work-Related Fatalities in North Carolina, 2011 and Five-Year Trend (2007-2011) Introduction Workplace fatalities are rare; when they do occur, they are typically during a worker s most productive years

More information

Utilizing Public Data to Successfully Target Population for Prevention

Utilizing Public Data to Successfully Target Population for Prevention AACOM 2012 Annual Meeting Building Healthy Behaviors Utilizing Public Data to Successfully Target Population for Prevention Ann K. Peton Director National Center for the Analysis of Healthcare Data (NCAHD)

More information

Projections of Education Statistics to 2021

Projections of Education Statistics to 2021 Projections of Education Statistics to 2021 Fortieth Edition 17 017 2018 2018 2020 2020 2019 2019 2021 2021 NCES 2013-008 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Projections of Education Statistics to 2021 Fortieth

More information

State Health Assessment Health Priority Status Report Update. June 29, 2015 Presented by UIC SPH and IDPH

State Health Assessment Health Priority Status Report Update. June 29, 2015 Presented by UIC SPH and IDPH State Health Assessment Health Priority Status Report Update June 29, 2015 Presented by UIC SPH and IDPH 1 Health Priority Presentation Objectives 1. Explain context of how this discussion fits into our

More information

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK 0 PUBLIC DISCLOSURE October 15, 1996 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION Community Bank of Bergen County 02-34-1865 125 West Pleasant Avenue Maywood, New

More information

Professionals in the Workplace: Community and Social Service Professionals

Professionals in the Workplace: Community and Social Service Professionals Community and Social Service Professionals Updated February 2015 Community and social service professionals perform challenging, yet rewarding work. These counselors, social workers, and others working

More information

Projections of Education Statistics to 2022

Projections of Education Statistics to 2022 Projections of Education Statistics to 2022 Forty-first Edition 18 018 2019 2019 2020 2020 2021 2021 2022 2022 NCES 2014-051 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Projections of Education Statistics to 2022 Forty-first

More information

MINIMUM WAGES AND THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY

MINIMUM WAGES AND THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY SEPTEMBER SEPT 2005 2005 I I R P O L I C Y B R I E F MINIMUM WAGES AND THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY The Economic Impact of AB 48 IIR INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY MICHAEL

More information

AN ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF ARIZONA AND UTAH

AN ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF ARIZONA AND UTAH AN ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF ARIZONA AND UTAH September 2015 Dennis Hoffman, Ph.D. Professor, Department of Economics; Director, L. William Seidman Research Institute; and Director, Office of the University

More information

Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation

Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation Mary Campbell, Robert Haveman, Gary Sandefur, and Barbara Wolfe Mary Campbell is an assistant professor of sociology at the University

More information

Health of King County Focus: health inequities

Health of King County Focus: health inequities Health of King County Focus: health inequities February 16, 2012 King County Board of Health David Fleming, MD Director and Health Officer Public Health-Seattle & King County 2/29/2012 1 Per 1,000 100

More information

Harrison Dekker UC Berkeley Libraries Berkeley, California, USA

Harrison Dekker UC Berkeley Libraries Berkeley, California, USA Date submitted: 18/06/2010 Using Web-based Software to Promote Data Literacy in a Large Enrollment Undergraduate Course Harrison Dekker UC Berkeley Libraries Berkeley, California, USA Meeting: 86. Social

More information

The Florida PTA urges the legislature to fully fund the capital, personnel and operational cost necessary to decrease or

The Florida PTA urges the legislature to fully fund the capital, personnel and operational cost necessary to decrease or 2014/2015 Florida PTA Action Platform Current Position Statements ARTS IN EDUCATION ESSENTIAL CURRICULA (2004) (2014) The Florida PTA recommends every school district place greater emphasis on arts education

More information

Effective Date: 7/10/2015. Title: Financial Assistance Policy. Document Owner: Jonathan Binder Approver(s):Professional Advisory Group

Effective Date: 7/10/2015. Title: Financial Assistance Policy. Document Owner: Jonathan Binder Approver(s):Professional Advisory Group Title: Financial Assistance Policy Document Owner: Jonathan Binder Approver(s):Professional Advisory Group Effective Date: 7/10/2015 I. Policy: It is the policy of HomeCare Maryland (HCM) to adhere to

More information

Potential Savings due to economies of scale & efficiency Gains. october 2011

Potential Savings due to economies of scale & efficiency Gains. october 2011 Analysis by Analysis for New Jersey Association of REALTORS Governmental Research Foundation Local Government Consolidation: Potential Savings due to economies of scale & efficiency Gains Analysis of Public

More information

Summary of Census Data Indicator Number Percentage People living below 100% of the poverty line

Summary of Census Data Indicator Number Percentage People living below 100% of the poverty line OCCORD Policy Brief: Earnings, Poverty and Income in Orange County Analysis of Regional Data from the US Census Bureau 2007 American Community Survey August 26, 2008 I. Summary Summary of Census Data Indicator

More information

GLOSSARY OF TERMS. BUILDING MANAGER Non-certified persons hired by the school district to manage and oversee the operation of a school.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS. BUILDING MANAGER Non-certified persons hired by the school district to manage and oversee the operation of a school. GLOSSARY OF TERMS ACCUMULATIVE ENROLLMENT - The total number of students enrolled in a school year (beginning of the year enrollment plus any students added after that date), this count is used to determine

More information

California Department of Public Health

California Department of Public Health SB 870, Chapter 712 Act Highlights Fiscal Year California Department of Public Health Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor State of California Kimberly Belshé Secretary California Health and Human Services Agency

More information

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center District-level data Community Index Data, Year 2004 Each file has one record per Local Education Agency with the percent of students (a)

More information

Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States:

Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States: NCES 2013-314 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States: Results From the 2011 12 Schools and Staffing Survey First

More information

Minnesota will have sustainable, strong economic growth

Minnesota will have sustainable, strong economic growth J Minnesota will have sustainable, strong economic growth Previous wording: Minnesota will have sustained, above average, strong economic growth that is consistent with environmental protection 1990 1993

More information

Policy Guide 2015. Supporting Student-centered Learning

Policy Guide 2015. Supporting Student-centered Learning Policy Guide 2015 The Colorado Education Association s commitment to quality public schools requires that we advocate for issues vital to children and public education. It is our responsibility to work

More information

[ chapter one ] E x ecu t i v e Summ a ry

[ chapter one ] E x ecu t i v e Summ a ry [ Chapter One ] Execu tive Summ a ry [ Executive Summary ] Texas faces an impending crisis regarding the health of its population, which will profoundly influence the state s competitive position nationally

More information

Examples of Educational Strategies to Promote Environmental Health

Examples of Educational Strategies to Promote Environmental Health Examples of Educational Strategies to Promote Environmental Health Description of tool: This tool describes the contribution that skills-based health education brings to efforts aimed at creating a health-supportive

More information

COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT

COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT EXAMINATION PROCEDURES FOR LARGE INSTITUTIONS Examination Scope For institutions (interstate and intrastate) with more than one assessment area, identify assessment areas for

More information

HORIZONS. The 2013 Dallas County Community Health Needs Assessment

HORIZONS. The 2013 Dallas County Community Health Needs Assessment HORIZONS The 2013 Dallas County Community Health Needs Assessment EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Dallas County Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) was designed to ensure that the Dallas County public health

More information

Florida Chamber Foundation 50 Florida Facts

Florida Chamber Foundation 50 Florida Facts Florida Chamber Foundation 50 Florida Facts Talent Supply & Education 1. There are 459 Charter Schools operating in the state of Florida, which comprise approximately 13% of public schools. Source: Florida

More information

An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework. central to the region s economic success now and

An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework. central to the region s economic success now and An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region PolicyLink and PERE An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region Summary Overview Across the country, regional planning organizations, community organizations

More information

February 18, 2010. Dear Cessation Program Provider:

February 18, 2010. Dear Cessation Program Provider: February 18, 2010 Dear Cessation Program Provider: The Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) is pleased to present this Request for Application (RFA) for online cessation services for the Alabama

More information

Form Approved OMB No: 0920-0445 Expiration Date: 11/30/2008 Mental Health and Social Services State Questionnaire School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006 Attn: Beth Reed, Project Manager 126 College

More information

Understanding Health Disparities: The Hispanic Experience

Understanding Health Disparities: The Hispanic Experience Understanding Health Disparities: The Hispanic Experience Mary Lou de Leon Siantz PhD, FAAN Assistant Dean Diversity & Cultural Affairs Robert Wood Johnson Nurse Executive Fellow Director Migration Health

More information

Financing Education In Minnesota 2013-14. A Publication of the Minnesota House of Representatives Fiscal Analysis Department

Financing Education In Minnesota 2013-14. A Publication of the Minnesota House of Representatives Fiscal Analysis Department Financing Education In Minnesota 2013-14 A Publication of the Minnesota House of Representatives Fiscal Analysis Department November 2013 Financing Education in Minnesota 2013-14 A Publication of the Minnesota

More information

State and County Data Resources

State and County Data Resources State and County Data Resources The following slides will contain resources to find public data and reports from PA systems This document, called PA County Data Resources (with clickable links) can be

More information

An Equity Assessment of the. St. Louis Region

An Equity Assessment of the. St. Louis Region An Equity Assessment of the A Snapshot of the Greater St. Louis 15 counties 2.8 million population 19th largest metropolitan region 1.1 million households 1.4 million workforce $132.07 billion economy

More information

2012 Census of Governments: Finance State and Local Government Summary Report

2012 Census of Governments: Finance State and Local Government Summary Report 2012 Census of Governments: Finance State and Local Government Summary Report Economy-Wide Statistics Briefs: Public Sector By Jeffrey L. Barnett, Cindy L. Sheckells, Scott Peterson, and Elizabeth M. Tydings

More information

OVERVIEW OF CURRENT SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS

OVERVIEW OF CURRENT SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS Chapter Three OVERVIEW OF CURRENT SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS The first step in understanding the careers of school administrators is to describe the numbers and characteristics of those currently filling these

More information

Mental Health and Social Services District Questionnaire

Mental Health and Social Services District Questionnaire Form Approved OMB No: 0920-0445 Expiration Date: 09/30/2012 Mental Health and Social Services District Questionnaire School Health Policies and Practices Study 2012 Attn: Tonja Kyle/Alice Roberts, Project

More information

The Racial Wealth Gap: African Americans

The Racial Wealth Gap: African Americans FACT SHEET April 2014 The Racial Wealth Gap: African Americans Facts At A Glance The median wealth of White households is 20 times that of African American households. The growing racial wealth gap occurring

More information

EXAMINATION PROCEDURES FOR LARGE INSTITUTIONS... 2 EXAMINATION SCOPE... 2 PERFORMANCE CONTEXT... 3 ASSESSMENT AREA... 4

EXAMINATION PROCEDURES FOR LARGE INSTITUTIONS... 2 EXAMINATION SCOPE... 2 PERFORMANCE CONTEXT... 3 ASSESSMENT AREA... 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXAMINATION PROCEDURES FOR LARGE INSTITUTIONS... 2 EXAMINATION SCOPE... 2 PERFORMANCE CONTEXT... 3 ASSESSMENT AREA... 4 LENDING, INVESTMENT, AND SERVICE TESTS FOR LARGE RETAIL INSTITUTIONS...

More information

Who Could Afford to Buy a Home in 2009? Affordability of Buying a Home in the United States

Who Could Afford to Buy a Home in 2009? Affordability of Buying a Home in the United States Who Could Afford to Buy a Home in 200? Affordability of Buying a Home in the United States Current Housing Reports Ellen Wilson and Robert R. Callis Issued May 203 H2/3-02 IntroductIon This is the seventh

More information

How s Life in the Netherlands?

How s Life in the Netherlands? October 2015 How s Life in the? Additional information, including the data used in this country note, can be found at: www.oecd.org/statistics/hows-life-2015-country-notes-data.xlsx HOW S LIFE IN THE NETHERLANDS

More information

Projections of Education Statistics to 2020

Projections of Education Statistics to 2020 Projections of Education Statistics to 2020 Thirty-ninth Edition 2017 2017 2019 16 2018 2019 2020 016 2018 2020 NCES 2011-026 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Projections of Education Statistics to 2020 Thirty-ninth

More information

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION PUBLIC DISCLOSURE January 12, 1998 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION Community Bank of Bergen County 02-34-1865 125 West Pleasant Avenue Maywood, New Jersey 07607 Federal Reserve Bank of

More information

http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos060.htm Social Workers

http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos060.htm Social Workers http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos060.htm Social Workers * Nature of the Work * Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement * Employment * Job Outlook * Projections Data * Earnings * OES Data * Related Occupations

More information

School Based Family Services Centers

School Based Family Services Centers School Based Family Services Centers A Model to Support Academic & Economic Outcomes for Philadelphia Students & Families Page 1 School-Based Family Services Centers: An Overview School-Based Family Services

More information

Race Matters. Household Asset Poverty by Race in North Carolina. Child Poverty by County

Race Matters. Household Asset Poverty by Race in North Carolina. Child Poverty by County Race Matters Children of color are more likely to grow up in both income poverty and asset poverty. This double burden creates a difficult barrier for children to overcome. As adults, children of color

More information

Health and Social Services Needs in Whitman County. 2015 Community Needs Assessment Results General Report COMMUNITY REPORT OF RESULTS

Health and Social Services Needs in Whitman County. 2015 Community Needs Assessment Results General Report COMMUNITY REPORT OF RESULTS COMMUNITY REPORT OF RESULTS This report contains an overview of the results collected by the Health and Social Services Needs in Whitman County Survey. A description of Whitman County, the survey process,

More information

Technical Report No. 1

Technical Report No. 1 [TYPE THE COMPANY ADDRESS] [TYPE THE COMPANY ADDRESS] The Washington Metropolitan Area 2030 Economic Outlook: Standard Forecast Technical Report No. 1 By Stephen S. Fuller, Ph.D. Dwight Schar Faculty Chair

More information

GAO SCHOOL FINANCE. Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area

GAO SCHOOL FINANCE. Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area GAO United States General Accounting Office Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives December 2002 SCHOOL FINANCE Per-Pupil Spending Differences between

More information

2012 Georgia Occupational Health Indicators: Demographics and Summary Tables

2012 Georgia Occupational Health Indicators: Demographics and Summary Tables Georgia Occupational Health Surveillance Data Series Table 1. Georgia and U.S. General Employment Demographics, 2012 Georgia U.S. Employed Persons, 16 Years and Older 2012 Georgia Occupational Health Indicators:

More information

Education: It Matters More to Health than Ever Before

Education: It Matters More to Health than Ever Before ISSUE BRIEF Education: It Matters More to Health than Ever Before Americans with fewer years of education have poorer health and shorter lives, and that has never been more true than today. In fact, since

More information

Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education

Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education ` Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education ` Higher education opens the door to more jobs in today s economy The number of jobs requiring higher levels of education has increased substantially,

More information

Selected Health Status Indicators DALLAS COUNTY. Jointly produced to assist those seeking to improve health care in rural Alabama

Selected Health Status Indicators DALLAS COUNTY. Jointly produced to assist those seeking to improve health care in rural Alabama Selected Health Status Indicators DALLAS COUNTY Jointly produced to assist those seeking to improve health care in rural Alabama By The Office of Primary Care and Rural Health, Alabama Department of Public

More information

Social Worker Overview The Field - Preparation - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations

Social Worker Overview The Field - Preparation - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations Social Worker Overview The Field - Preparation - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations The Field Social work is a profession for those with a strong

More information

Morbidity and Mortality among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States

Morbidity and Mortality among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States Morbidity and Mortality among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States AstraZeneca Fact Sheet 2011 Authors Robert Wm. Blum MD, MPH, PhD William H. Gates, Sr. Professor and Chair Farah Qureshi,

More information

Recommendations for the Prevention and Wellness Funds

Recommendations for the Prevention and Wellness Funds Recommendations for the Prevention and Wellness Funds A Memo Prepared by PolicyLink and Prevention Institute for President Obama s Administration April 2009 America s success rests upon the health of its

More information

LEGISLATIVE REVENUE OFFICE H-197 State Capitol Building Salem, Oregon 97310-1347 http://www.leg.state.or.us/comm/lrohome.htm

LEGISLATIVE REVENUE OFFICE H-197 State Capitol Building Salem, Oregon 97310-1347 http://www.leg.state.or.us/comm/lrohome.htm STATE OF OREGON LEGISLATIVE REVENUE OFFICE H-197 State Capitol Building Salem, Oregon 97310-1347 http://www.leg.state.or.us/comm/lrohome.htm Research Report (503) 986-1266 Research Report #6-99 The New

More information

SOCIAL SERVICE WORKERS: AN OCCUPATIONAL OVERVIEW

SOCIAL SERVICE WORKERS: AN OCCUPATIONAL OVERVIEW Fact Sheet 2012 SOCIAL SERVICE WORKERS: AN OCCUPATIONAL OVERVIEW Social service workers serve on the front lines in our communities, providing public services and much needed social assistance. They work

More information

How s Life in the United States?

How s Life in the United States? October 2015 How s Life in the United States? Additional information, including the data used in this country note, can be found at: www.oecd.org/statistics/hows-life-2015-country-notes-data.xlsx HOW S

More information

Getting the Most from Demographics: Things to Consider for Powerful Market Analysis

Getting the Most from Demographics: Things to Consider for Powerful Market Analysis Getting the Most from Demographics: Things to Consider for Powerful Market Analysis Charles J. Schwartz Principal, Intelligent Analytical Services Demographic analysis has become a fact of life in market

More information

How s Life in Finland?

How s Life in Finland? October 2015 How s Life in Finland? Additional information, including the data used in this country note, can be found at: www.oecd.org/statistics/hows-life-2015-country-notes-data.xlsx HOW S LIFE IN FINLAND

More information

Neighborhood Diversity Characteristics in Iowa and their Implications for Home Loans and Business Investment

Neighborhood Diversity Characteristics in Iowa and their Implications for Home Loans and Business Investment Neighborhood Diversity Characteristics in Iowa and their Implications for Home Loans and Business Investment Liesl Eathington Dave Swenson Regional Capacity Analysis Program ReCAP Department of Economics,

More information

STATISTICAL BRIEF #117

STATISTICAL BRIEF #117 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey STATISTICAL BRIEF #117 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality March 2006 Children s Dental Visits and Expenses, United States, 2003 Erwin Brown, Jr. Introduction Regular

More information

Percentage of women in U.S. labor force. Percentage of women in U.S. labor force. Population of adult women in the United States

Percentage of women in U.S. labor force. Percentage of women in U.S. labor force. Population of adult women in the United States Factsheet: Women and Gender Inequality in the U.S. Labor Force Since the 1970s the role of women in the U.S. work has changed tremendously - more women have entered the work, they are increasingly holding

More information

Prepared by: Michael R. Cousineau, Dr.PH Gregory D. Stevens. Ph.D. With assistance from Jessica Van Gurt. USC Division of Community Health

Prepared by: Michael R. Cousineau, Dr.PH Gregory D. Stevens. Ph.D. With assistance from Jessica Van Gurt. USC Division of Community Health Disparities in Health in the United States A conceptual framework for a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding health disparities and proposing policy solutions towards their elimination First Draft

More information

Heavy Metal Pollution and Race as Factors in Hypertension and Heart Disease

Heavy Metal Pollution and Race as Factors in Hypertension and Heart Disease Heavy Metal Pollution and Race as Factors in Hypertension and Heart Disease Roger D. Masters Dartmouth College Jonathan Kahn s report on FDA approval of BiDil, a drug targeted to hypertension in blacks

More information

SCHOOL NURSE. Reports to: Principal or Principal Designee

SCHOOL NURSE. Reports to: Principal or Principal Designee SCHOOL NURSE Classification: Certificated Reports to: Principal or Principal Designee Location: Assigned School(s) FLSA Status: Exempt Bargaining Unit: NTEA This is a standard position description to be

More information

The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina

The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina DEMOGRAPHICS & DATA The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina 11 MILWAUKEE CITYWIDE POLICY PLAN This chapter presents data and trends in the city s population

More information

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION SMALL BANK Comptroller of the Currency Administrator of National Banks PUBLIC DISCLOSURE July 12, 2004 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION First National Bank of LaGrange Charter Number 13941

More information

Poll: what do you think are the top 3 health-related issues in Kane County?

Poll: what do you think are the top 3 health-related issues in Kane County? DATA REVIEW Poll: what do you think are the top 3 health-related issues in Kane County? 30% 26% 25% 22% 20% 17% 15% 12% 11% 10% 5% 4% 3% 2% 2% 1% 0% Mental Health Chronic Disease (Obesity, Diabetes, etc.)

More information

Health Atlas and the Community Health and Equity Index:

Health Atlas and the Community Health and Equity Index: Health Atlas and the Community Health and Equity Index: An Examination of Health Conditions in the City of Los Angeles Presented by Eric Yurkovich, Raimi + Associates March 13, 2014 Purpose Spatial analysis

More information

SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES. 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates

SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES. 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates S0201 SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Supporting documentation on code lists, subject definitions, data accuracy, and statistical testing

More information

How s Life in Denmark?

How s Life in Denmark? October 2015 How s Life in Denmark? Additional information, including the data used in this country note, can be found at: www.oecd.org/statistics/hows-life-2015-country-notes-data.xlsx HOW S LIFE IN DENMARK

More information

49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE. Infant mortality rate is defined as the death of an infant before his or her first birthday.

49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE. Infant mortality rate is defined as the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. 49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE Wing Tam (Alice) Jennifer Cheng Stat 157 course project More Risk in Everyday Life Risk Meter LIKELIHOOD of exposure to hazardous levels Low Medium High Consequences: Severity,

More information

Annual report. to our members. This credit union is federally insured by the National Credit Union Administration

Annual report. to our members. This credit union is federally insured by the National Credit Union Administration Annual report to our members 2013 This credit union is federally insured by the National Credit Union Administration OSU Federal s core values Member focus Education Integrity Social responsibility Cooperative

More information

Successful Children and Youth

Successful Children and Youth Successful Children and Youth are cared for by nurturing adults who support their healthy growth and development; live in safe environments free from abuse, neglect, and trauma; have basic necessities;

More information

Lake County. Government Finance Study. Supplemental Material by Geography. Prepared by the Indiana Business Research Center

Lake County. Government Finance Study. Supplemental Material by Geography. Prepared by the Indiana Business Research Center County Government Finance Study Supplemental Material by Geography Prepared by the Indiana Business Research www.ibrc.indiana.edu for Sustainable Regional Vitality www.iun.edu/~csrv/index.shtml west Indiana

More information

Employee Benefits. To provide centralized budgetary and financial control over employee fringe benefits paid by the County.

Employee Benefits. To provide centralized budgetary and financial control over employee fringe benefits paid by the County. Mission To provide centralized budgetary and financial control over employee fringe benefits paid by the County. Focus Agency 89, Employee Benefits, is a set of consolidated accounts that provide budgetary

More information

the market or industry trends changes whether the industry is growing

the market or industry trends changes whether the industry is growing The Industry Name and describe the market or industry that you will work within in other words, the chosen sandbox where you will play. For market or industry descriptions see the North American Industry

More information