This profile provides statistics on resident life expectancy (LE) data for Lambeth.

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1 Lambeth Life expectancy factsheet April 2014 This profile provides statistics on resident life expectancy (LE) data for Lambeth. Key facts Average life expectancy (LE) : Males: 78.2 years Females: 83 years Slope Index of Inequality (SII): Males: 5 years Females: 2.8 years Life expectancy gap in Lambeth compared to England: Male: 1 year Female: 4 days Life expectancy gap by disease: Cancer, circulatory and respiratory conditions are main contributors to the gap in LE between Lambeth and England. Socio-economic inequalities: Circulatory, cancer and respiratory conditions are main contributors to the gap in life expectancy between the most and least deprived groups. Percentage probability of survival to 75: Male: 59.9% Female: 74.3% Ward level difference in life expectancy: Males: 6.0 years Females: 7.0 years

2 Life Expectancy in Lambeth Life expectancy at birth in Lambeth is 78.2 years for males and 83 years for females. The gap in life expectancy between Lambeth and England has narrowed over the years. Life expectancy for males in Lambeth is lower than in London and England with an average gap of 18 months and 12 months respectively. Life expectancy for females in Lambeth is lower than the London average by 10 months but similar to the England average. Life expectancy at age 65 is 18.0 years for males (18.9 in London, 18.6 in England; ). Life expectancy at age 65 is 21.3 years for females (21.7 in London, 21.1 in England; ). Male healthy life expectancy at birth is 61.1 years and is lower compared to London s 63.0 years and England s 63.2 years. Female healthy life expectancy at birth is 62.3 and is lower than London s 63.8 years and England s 64.2 years. Life expectancy over the last ten years: FEMALES: Increase of 3 years and 7 months (2 years 4 months in England) MALES: Increase of 5 years and 1 month (3 years 2 months in England) Premature mortality (deaths<75) in Lambeth: Premature mortality has a direct impact on the life expectancy of the population. Lambeth experiences significantly higher premature mortality, 300 / 100,000 ( ), than London and England. Percentage probability of survival till age of 75 as recorded by the ONS is 59.9% for males and a 74.3% for females in Lambeth; compared to England average of 68.7% for males and 78.8% for females ( ).

3 Life Expectancy at Borough Level At Borough level, Lambeth ranks joint 25 th out of 32* for male life expectancy and 26 th out of 32* for female life expectancy. At a national level, Lambeth ranks joint 245 th out of 324* local authorities in England for male life expectancy and joint 189 th out of 320* for female life expectancy (Rank 1 representing the longest life expectancy). *City of London and Isles of Scilly were not included due to small population count.

4 Life Expectancy Ward Level Male Life Expectancy at Birth at Ward Level (5 year average, ) LE LE for for Males Males varies varies 6.0 by 6.0 years years at at ward ward level. level Source: GLA datastore, ONS LE for Females varies by 7.0 years at ward level. *City of London was not included due to small population count. The Slope Index of Inequalities (SII) This measure is a score representing gap or difference between most and least deprived population. Slope index represents the breadth in the outcomes experience by the population due to deprivation. SII is a high level health inequalities outcome which needs to be interpreted properly. Lambeth SII (LE difference between most and least deprived) for was 5 years for Males. Lambeth SII (LE difference between most and least deprived) for was 2.8 years for Females.

5 Explaining the Life Expectancy Gap The charts show, for each broad cause of death, the percentage contribution that it makes to the overall life expectancy gap between the areas selected. This could be between Lambeth as a whole and England, or between the most deprived quintile of Lambeth and the least deprived quintile of Lambeth. If a cause shows a contribution of 0, this means that the cause of death does not make any contribution to the life expectancy gap. The breakdown of the life expectancy gap between Lambeth and England as a whole, by cause of death, % 18% 29% 13% 10% 5% 18% 4% Male 6% 3% 20% 6% 39% 14% Female Source: LHO Segment Tool The breakdown of the life expectancy gap between the most deprived and least deprived quintiles in Lambeth, by cause of death, % 17% 12% 8% 10% 36% 12% 18% 4% 23% 31% Male 0% Female Source: LHO Segment Tool <28 days indicates death in children under 28 days of age. External causes includes death from injury, suicide and other unspecified causes. Other includes deaths from infectious or parasitic diseases, mental and behavioural disorders and other unspecified causes. At National level: the graph shows LE gap between Lambeth and England. For males and females circulatory and respiratory conditions are key contributors to the LE Gap. For males, cancer related deaths are also key. 2/3 of male cancer deaths were due to lung cancer. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease explained 100% of male and 60% of female respiratory disease gap. At Local Level: the life expectancy gap can also be shown by disease, between the most deprived and least deprived groups in Lambeth. For males and females circulatory, cancer, and respiratory conditions, are key contributors to the LE Gap. Heart disease explains 1/3 of male and 2/3 of female circulatory disease gap across wards. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease explains 100% of male and 50% of female respiratory conditions contributing to the gap.

6 Definitions Life Expectancy: refers to the number of years an individual is expected to live on average. This is based on current mortality rates in the population Healthy Life Expectancy: refers to the number of years an individual is expected to live in full health. This is based on current mortality rates and ill health within the population. Slope Index of Inequalities: shows the relationship between a group s health status and it s socio-economic rank. The slope or regression line can be used to show the difference between two groups and can be interpreted as the absolute effect of moving up one unit on the socioeconomic scale on average health. (WHO) Premature mortality/probability of Survival: premature mortality is defined as deaths occurring under the age of 75. The probability of survival indicates the percentage probability of an individual living until the age of 75. Data Sources Public Health Outcomes Framework Health Needs Assessment Toolkit Office for National Statistics Public health Observatories Public Health England (London Health Observatory) Segment Tool World Health Organisation FURTHER INFORMATION & FEEDBACK This profile has been created by Lambeth & Southwark's Public Health Intelligence Team. Tel: We welcome your comments on these profiles and how they could better suit your requirements, please do contact us with your ideas.

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