FACT SHEET SERBIA (REPUBLIC OF)

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1 FACT SHEET SERBIA (REPUBLIC OF) Territory: Borders: 88,509 sq. km 2,362 km (total) Hungary: 175 km, Romania: 548 km, Bulgaria: 361 km, FYR of Macedonia: 283 km, Albania: 114 km, Montenegro: 249 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina: 371 km, Croatia: 262 km Estimated population (thousands) Total 7,291 7,234 7,199 7,181 Aged ,956 4,944 4,909 n/a Population as per 2011 Census 7,186,862 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Note: Data are for the Republic of Serbia excluding Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution Estimated population (thousands) Total 9,702 9,647 9,597 9,553 9,511 9,468 9,424 Aged ,714 6,694 6,670 6,640 6,604 6,562 6,516 Source: UN World Population Prospects, the 2012 Revision. Note: Data are for the Republic of Serbia including Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution DRUG SEIZURES Drug (kg) and precursor (lt) seizures Heroin Cocaine Marijuana 1,083 1, , ,043 2,785 Hashish Opium 12.1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Ecstasy Ecstasy (tab) 2, n/a 2,507 9,502 1,956 Amphetamine Amphetamine (tab) 239 1,023 n/a Acetic Anhydride Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, Drug Situation Analysis Report 2011: South Eastern Europe 1 This figure was submitted by the Serbian Ministry of Interior to the Paris Pact. The amount of 0.24 kg in Serbia's ARQ 2010 is considered to be misreported. Updated February

2 International Controlled Delivery Operations and Cooperation Agreements International Controlled-Delivery Operations by Police 0 1 Signed Bilateral Police Cooperation Agreements n/a 20 Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia Drug seizures in the Republic of Serbia, 2012-January 2015 Heroin, Cannabis, ATS Source: Ministry of Interior and Customs Administration of the Republic of Serbia; DRUGS MONITORING PLATFORM, joint online platform of AOTP and Paris Pact programmes, Note: The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. DRUG PRICES AND DRUG PURITY Average wholesale prices (US$ per kg) Heroin* 19,120-36,800 15,600 21,000 18,600 27,200 16,753-24,485 29,000 Cocaine 44,100 58,800 44,120 59,600 51,500 64,400 46,392-57,990 52,200 Marijuana n/a Skunk 2 n/a 2,000 3,900 1,900 2,900 1,675-2,577 1,300 2,000 Amphetamine 22,000-36,770 3,312 4,636 3,600 5,000 3,222-4,510 n/a Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, World Drug Reports , ARQ 2011, Skunk is a modified type of marijuana with increased THC content. Updated February

3 * Unknown purity Average retail prices (US$ per gram) Heroin* n/a Cocaine Marijuana Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, World Drug Report , Drug Situation Analysis Report 2011: South Eastern Europe, EMCDDA Country Overview 2009, ARQ 2011, 2012 * Unknown purity Drug purity in street seizures mean values in % Heroin Cocaine n/a Marijuana (THC) Amphetamine n/a n/a Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, Drug Situation Analysis Report 2011: South Eastern Europe Adulterants used in heroin and cocaine mixtures, 2012 Heroin Cocaine Source: ARQ 2012 Paracetamol, caffeine Benzocaine, caffeine, lactose, creatine DRUG-RELATED CRIME Drug-related offences Persons committed (a) 5,354 5,783 5,179 4,745 5,616 Rate (per 100,000) Persons prosecuted (b) 4,374 3,940 3,296 3,468 n/a Rate (per 100,000) Persons convicted (b) 3,525 2,539 3,588 3,076 n/a Rate (per 100,000) Source: (a) Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, (b) Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Organized Criminal Groups (OCGs) Involved in Drug Trafficking, 2012 Type of Drug Trafficked Number of OCGs dismantled Number of OCG members Top 3 nationalities among OCG members Heroin 1 6 Serbia: 6 Cocaine 1 3 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1, Serbia: 2 Cannabis Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1, Montenegro: 2, 4 25 dual Serbia and Croatia: 2, Serbia: 20 Methamphetamine 1 11 Serbia: 11 Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia 3 Brown heroin Updated February

4 DRUG ABUSE Number of cases diagnosed and registered as Mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance abuse Total number 8,454 9,363 8,301 8,109 7,992 of which hospitalized 2,630 2,518 2,447 1,987 1,667 Rate (100,000) Injecting Drug Users (estimated) Estimated number of IDUs (aged 15-59) 12,500-25,000 12,682-48,083 Estimated number of IDUs, median 18,000 30, Methadone treated drug users 1,114 1,520 1,774 2,045 Buprenorphine treated drug users n/a n/a Drug-related deaths Drug-related deaths , UNODC DELTA database Annual prevalence of drug use in the population aged Year Any illegal drug use Source: Institute of Public Health of Serbia HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS reported Newly diagnosed HIV cases Rate (per 100,000) IDU (%) Total HIV cases (a) 2,319 2,450 2,598 2,725 2,850 Rate (per 100,000) (b) Total IDUs (%) (a) Cumulative number of reported HIV cases at the end of reporting year since (b) Cumulative rate at the end of reporting period 4 F11 F19 as per WHO s International Classification of Diseases-10 in primary/public health care centers 5 Opiate substitution treatment in 29 methadone centers. 6 According to study Narcotics in Serbia conducted in 2006 under the Global Fund HIV project Round I. Updated February

5 PLWHA (estimated) and HIV prevalence PLWHA (a) 3,500 3,500 n/a Injecting Drug Users (%) (b) 2.4 n/a 1.7 Sex Workers (%) 0.8 n/a 2 MSM (%) 3.9 n/a 4.4 Inmates (% of total prison population) (c) Source: (a) UNAIDS; (b) Ministry of Health and Institute of Public Health of Serbia (HIV seroprevalence found in three the integrated bio-behavioural surveys among IDU, MSM and SW conducted in 2010 and 2012 in Belgrade); (c) Ministry of Justice CRIME-RELATED TREATIES Signature and ratification status of UNTOC and UNCAC Signature Status United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) 12 Dec Sept 2001 a) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the UNTOC 12 Dec Sept 2001 b) Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the UNTOC 12 Dec Sept 2001 c) Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the UNTOC 20 Dec 2005 Accepted United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) 11 Dec Dec 2005 Updated February

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