1 CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION LISA RUTTER DEVON YOUTH SERVICE (CHAIR MACSE)
2 PUBLIC : MEDIA : SOCIAL NORMS
3 CSE is child abuse and is a crime The victims are children however they present themselves
4 Definition Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where the young person (or third person/s) receive something (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of them performing, and/or others performing on them, sexual activities. (Trafficking) Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child s immediate recognition; for example being persuaded to post images on the internet/mobile phones without immediate payment or gain. Association of Chief Police Officers, February 2014.
5 Inappropriate relationships - Usually involving one perpetrator who has inappropriate power or control over a young person (physical, emotional or financial). Indicators may include significant age gap. The young person may believe they are in a loving relationship. Boyfriend model of exploitation and peer exploitation - The perpetrator befriends and grooms a young person into a relationship and then coerces or forces them to have sex with friends or associates. Organised/networked sexual exploitation or trafficking - Young people (often connected) are passed through networks, possibly over geographical distances, between towns and cities where they may be forced / coerced into sexual activity with multiple men. Often this occurs at sex parties, and young people who are involved may be used as agents to recruit others into the network. Puppet On A String Banardos (2011)
6 DEFINITION OR AS A YOUNG PERSON MIGHT FIND EASIER TO UNDERSTAND Some one taking advantage of you sexually, for their own benefit. Through threats, bribes, violence, humiliation, or by telling you that they love you, they will have the power to get you to do sexual things for their own, or other people s benefit or enjoyment (including: touching or kissing private parts, sex, taking sexual photos) Young Women s Group, New Horizons, 2008 (the nia project & The Children Society)
7 THE SCALE : LARGELY UNKNOWN Office for childrens commissioner two year enquiry found 2409 children known to be victims of gang/group CSE between august 2010 and Oct Ann Coffey s report into CSE across greater Manchester identified 260 live investigation into CSE in June Rotherham independent inquiry estimated 1400 children had been exploited over the 16 year period covered by the enquiry. Sexual exploitation is not limited to particular geographical areas and all LSCBs should assume that it is an issue in their area. (Sexual Exploitation 2009)
10 DEVON : CSE & MISSING YOUNG PEOPLE REACH Specialist Devon County Council service which supports young people up to the age of 17yrs, who either run away or who may be at risk of, or experiencing Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) Comprises of Youth Workers and Social Workers who work directly with young people to help them recognise risks and keep themselves safer. MACSE Missing and CSE : Partnership Forum Information gathering / Mapping / Networking / action planning Young Person of Concern Adult of Concern Location Of Concern
11 REACH TEAM : MISSING & CSE During The period between July December 2015: 65 CSE cases were allocated to REACH between. Of these REACH 1-1 Cases 9 - Consultation Cases Exeter, East and Mid x 32 South x 21 North x 12 During The period between July December 2015: 279 Missing/Absent Episodes were offered a RHI. Of these. Exeter, East and Mid x 148 South x 78 North x 55
12 THE WWW INTERNET & SOCIAL MEDIA The Webb and CSE o Bypasses parents/carers o Smartphones o Allows instant exchange of sexual messages, images and videos o Provides abusers with a way of closely monitoring a child o Contact can be round the clock o Use of false identities o Does not require face to face contact o Lack of parental/carer understanding of internet use and risks year olds spend as much time using the internet as watching television.
13 A USA SURVEY ON KIDS IN CYBERSPACE FINDS THAT 25% OF TEENS HAVE SENT NUDE OR SEMI-NUDE PICTURES OF THEMSELVES TO OTHERS. OF THOSE WHO DO, IT STARTS AS YOUNG AS 12 YEARS OLD.
14 GROOMING, SEXTING, ONLINE PORNOGRAPHY Online Grooming: is when someone uses the internet to trick, force or pressure a young person into doing something sexual like sending a naked video or image of themselves. Sexting: is when someone sends or receives a sexually explicit text, image or video on their mobile phone, usually in a text message. Online pornography: or porn usually involves films and photos showing naked people or sexual things. It is often created for sexual excitement but there are also harmful types of porn. Online Gaming: Many young people play games online. Some games are small and simple, and single player. Others are large multiplayer games where you can play against hundreds of other people who might not know. It's important to stay safe online if you do this.
15 IMPACT C.S.E is a form of sexual abuse and can have a serious impact on the lives of children and young people including: Difficulties in forming relationships with others Lack of confidence or self-esteem Affect their mental and physical health Feelings of worthlessness, leading to acts of self-harm, including cutting, overdosing and eating disorders Increase risks of sexually transmitted infections Increase risks of pregnancy and abortions Impact on future parenting capacity Isolation from community, separation from family and support networks (Safeguarding Children and Young People from Sexual Exploitation, 2009 Supplementary Guidance to Working Together to Safeguard Children (D.C.S.F)
17 PREVENT - PROTECT - PURSUE CSE is one of those problems where silo working is actively harmful to the protection of children and stopping offenders. CSE encompasses a spectrum of activity and needs to be tackled at different levels. This does not only mean looking for victims where there is a victim, a crime has already happened, a child has already been groomed, abused and manipulated. Prevention and disruption of activity also need to be aimed directly at the perpetrators.
18 THE POWER OF THE PERPETRATORS An officer describes how one girl was punished by being taken to a wood and humiliated and raped in different ways by seven men. Left alone, hurt, crying,, the person she called for help was not the parents, social worker, police or ambulance but one of the abusers who had just raped her.
19 =HO2OURKWM3Q Youtube / CEOP Tom s Story
20 LOUISE CASEY - GOVERNMENT REPORT Working Together. That CSE is squarely a community safety issue and local government working with police and others need to make use of community safety tactics and action to keep children safe. That local government and the police should not fear seeking out and shining a light on sexual exploitation for fear they may be held to account for what they find
21 EDUCATING YOUNG PEOPLE
22 COMMUNITY SAFETY PARTNERSHIP - MACSE MACSE - The proactive gathering of information helps to form that picture, to identify perpetrators, hotspots, and those who need protecting. Community Safety - Through their governance and regulatory powers across a range of arenas and functions such as housing, licensing, environmental health, fire and fraud, councils already have a suite of powers and tools at their disposal which can be used to enter premises under a range of pretexts to investigate possible CSE. Civil remedies - Securing prosecution and conviction must be the absolute priority against adults committing serious sexual offences upon children. However where there is grooming, low level harassment or other behaviour which suggests a risk of CSE, civil remedies are available to the police and local authorities. These include remedies which specifically relate to sexual offences or grooming and other wider nuisance and antisocial behaviour injunctive and closure powers.
23 HOW CAN I GET HELP? If you are worried that you, or someone you know is at immediate risk, the first thing you should do is contact the police on 999. If you have general worries about your own, or somebody else s situation contact MASH, (Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub) on: or in Devon. MACSE : Other support services #saysomething: home of the text/phone number to report or discuss CSE it s free and anonymous Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre (CEOP) Devon County Council, out of hours Social Care helpline: Devon Youth Service: Click here to find your local centre GUM Services: Sexual health clinics across Devon Missing Kids UK: a free phone and free text number for young people, parents and carers for advice before, during or after running away. Think You Know: advice from CEOP about staying safe online Y-SMART: young people s drug and alcohol services, call (Freephone) or
24 CEOP Think U know The latest information on the sites you like to visit, mobiles and new technology. Find out what s good, what s not and what you can do about it. If you look after young people there s an area for you too with resources you can use in the classroom or at home. Most importantly, there s also a place which anyone can use to report if they feel uncomfortable or worried about someone they are chatting to online.
25 #SAYSOMETHING #HELPINGHANDS TO HELP US RAISE AWARENESS OF CSE. JOIN OUR CAMPAIGN The Say Something campaign has been developed with young people and aims to safeguard vulnerable children and young people by empowering them to identify early indicators of child sexual exploitation (CSE). Say Something will also offer a free, 24-hour, anonymous phone and SMS helpline, , enabling young people to disclose information and seek support.
27 CHILDREN WILL BE PROTECTED To counter the power of the perpetrators, local authorities, police forces and health services need to mobilise across their powers and responsibilities to show perpetrators and those that harbour them, or turn a blind eye to their activities, that sexual exploitation of children is a crime and that children will be protected.
28 CIVIL REMEDIES Securing prosecution and conviction must be the absolute priority against adults committing serious sexual offences upon children. However where there is grooming, low level harassment or other behaviour which suggests a risk of CSE, civil remedies are available to the police and local authorities. These include remedies which specifically relate to sexual offences or grooming and other wider nuisance and anti-social behaviour injunctive and closure powers.
29 A Child Abduction Warning Notice1 authorised by a child s parent and issued by the police (or the local authority in the case of a looked after child aged 16-18) warns a suspected perpetrator to stop associating with a named child. As such, the adult is made aware that a concern has been raised about the relationship and that authorities are watching.
30 The new Sexual Risk Order3 (SRO) can be issued against an individual who has done an act of a sexual nature which suggests that they pose a risk of harm to the public in the UK or children and vulnerable adults abroad. An act of a sexual nature has not been defined in the legislation and the guidance states this will depend to a significant degree on the individual circumstances of the behaviour and its context, which means this order may be used by police and the NCA to disrupt grooming activity.
31 The new Sexual Harm Prevention Order4 (SHPO) can be made against a person who has been convicted or cautioned in relation to a sexual offence to protect any members of the public in the UK, or vulnerable adults and children abroad, from sexual harm, including protecting children from grooming activity.
32 Closure notice: The police can issue a closure notice in respect of premises which they have reasonable grounds for believing have been, or are likely to be, used for activities related to specified child sex offences. The changes mean that closure powers will now capture a wider range of offences relating to child sexual exploitation and the police will be able to take proactive action if they believe the premise is going to be used for child sex offences.
33 Child sexual exploitation at a hotel requirement to disclose information or comply with notice served by police: A police officer can serve a notice on a hotel requiring them to disclose the names and addresses of guests where there is reason to believe there is child sexual exploitation. Failure to comply is a criminal offence.
34 SOME OF THE TOOLS CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TO COUNCILS AND POLICE IN RELATION TO NUISANCE AND ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR: Civil injunctions under the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014(previously Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, ASBOs). These are civil orders which replace the powers previously available to councils through ASBOS and Housing Act injunctions. Closure Orders associated with Nuisance and Disorder. Closure orders are civil orders available in the Magistrates Court which stop anyone entering or residing at a named property. There are three types of closure order - drug closure orders, brothel closure and anti-social behaviour closure orders.
35 Section 222 Local Government Act A local authority can bring criminal or civil proceedings in its own name, including applying for injunctions, where it considers it expedient for the promotion or protection of the interests of the inhabitants of their area. Injunction under the High Court's inherent Jurisdiction. The recent case of Birmingham City Council v Riaz demonstrates that the High Court is willing to exercise its inherent jurisdiction to grant Injunction Orders against perpetrators of CSE. It is important to note that the High Court does not have jurisdiction to attach powers of arrest to any term of the injunctions, which makes the policing of these orders very difficult.
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