Entomology 2 notes.oo3

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Entomology 2 notes.oo3"

Transcription

1 Entomology 2 notes.oo3 Entomology 2: Insect Diversity/Taxonomy 1 Entomology: Insect Diversity and Taxonomy Matthew J. Grieshop MSU Department of Entomology 2 The Importance of Insect Identification Insects are incredibly diverse creatures and perform in a variety of roles in agroecosystems. Thus, knowing what insect we are observing is critically important. Is it "harmful" or "beneficial"? Does it need to be managed? How can we manage it? 3 Insects in Agroecosystems Insects consume 14% of the worlds crops Insects also pollinate Insects vector diseases Insects breakdown waste materials Insects feed other organisms 4 Taxonomy vs. Systematics Taxonomy is the science of naming organisms based on accepted criteria Typically insect names are in latin Also names typically have some meaning that pertains to traits that Systematics is the science of classifying organisms by their phylogeny Phylogeny: a hierarchal structure by which every organism is related to other organisms "tree of life" Systematics (and thus taxonomy) are changing all the time due to the discovery of new evolutionary linkages among insects. 5 Insect Taxonomy/ID Basics Do the adults look like the juveniles? Does it have wings? How many, How are they shaped? What kind of mouthparts? What kind of legs? 6 Insect Identification Within Class Insecta insects are divided into two Subclasses Apterygota: Ancestrally without wings Pterygota: Ancestrally with wings Subclass Pterygota is further divided into two Divisions Exopterygota: Simple body change during development Endopterygota: complex body change during development 7 Identification to order Ordinal identification for insects is generally simple

2 Orders are broad and contain insects that fulfill many ecological roles Example: Coleoptera: Beetles Pests/Herbivores: Colorado Potato Beetle Predators: Carabidae (ground beetles) Detritovors: Scarabidae (Dung Beetles) However, identification to order will often allow further identification by someone with more training 8 10 Insect Orders Apterygota Collembola Pterygota Exopterygota Odonata Orthoptera Dermaptera Isoptera Heteroptera (Hemiptera/Homoptera) Endopterygota Lepidoptera Coleoptera Hymenoptera Diptera 9 Collembola (Spring Tails) Some place Collembola in Superclass hexapoda outside of Insecta Extremely important in soil food webs and common in compost piles Very rarely pests Soft bodied, require moisture Have a Furcula and Retinaculum used for jumping. Species that live deeper in the soil lack these structures. 10 Odonata (Dragon and Damsel Flies) Chewing mouthparts Predacious as both nymphs and adults Direct flight Aquatic nymphs Labrum modified into a "grabber" like in alien suborder: Anisoptera dragon flies Wings don't fold; broadly attached to thorax Typically larger Larvae with internal gills (inside anus) Suborder: Zygoptera damsel flies Wings held rooflike at rest: Narrowly attached to thorax Typically smaller

3 Larva with external gills 11 Orthoptera Grasshoppers, Crickets, Mantids, Cockroaches Chewing mouthparts Tegmina 12 Families Acrididae, Tettigoniidae, and Gryllacrididae contain pests Family Mantidae contains praying mantids (beneficials) Family Blattidae contains cockroaches Important in forest ecosystems as detritivors only a few pestiferous species 13 Dermaptera (Earwigs) Omnivorous Have tegmina (1st wings) Most are flightless Chewing mouthparts Can be important predators (e.g. codling moth pupae) Also important detritivors Can also damage crops when in high numbers 14 Isoptera (termites) Social insects Exhibit caste system Workers, Reproductives, Soldiers Break down cellulose through mutualism with protozoans and bacteria Trophalaxis maintains social structure and transmits symbionts from one generation to the next. 15 Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus) Very serious pest in the Southeast Tunnels into concrete and wood Can destroy a house in a matter of years 16 Hemiptera (True bugs and aphids) True bugs/aphids Flying insects: 4 wings Piercing Sucking mouthparts Heteroptera: longer mouthparts, wings held flat Homoptera; shorter mouthparts, wings held rooflike Many with Hemielytra 17 Most Homoptera are plant feeders Many are pests: Aphids Have a complicated life cycle Are often vectors of viruses (e.g. Soybean aphid and soybean mosaic virus) 18 Heteroptera Many are omnivorous or predatory Reduviidae (assasin bugs)

4 Predatory. Rhodnius is the vector for chagas disease a protozoan parasite of mammals. Pentatomidae (Stink bugs) Omnivorous 19 Lepidoptera (Moths, Butterflies, and Skippers) Largely herbivorous with a few exceptions Larvae have chewing mouthparts Adults have siphoning mouthparts or non functional mouthparts Larva are called caterpillars and have prolegs on their abdomen 20 Tomato Hornworm (Manduca sexta) Sphingidae: caterpillar feeds on solanaceous plants Pupates in the soil Defoliates plants and can feed on fruit 21 Coleoptera (Beetles) The most diverse order of insects (and therefore any animal) 250,000 described species More than 100 families Chewing mouthparts on both larva and adult stages Forewings modified into elytra Sclerotized wing coverings Provide additional physical and desiccation protection 22 Hymenoptera (Sawflies, Wasps, Bees, Ants) The second most diverse Order Hymenoptera have chewing or lapping mouthparts Can be solitary or social Mostly beneficial Two Suborders 23 Symphyta (Sawflies) Lack a propodium broadly joined thorax and abdomen Trochanters are two segmented Almost all are herbivores and several are serious pests Wheat Stem Sawfly (Cephus cinctus) 24 Apocrita (Wasps, Bees, Ants) Adults have a propodium comprised of the last thoracic metamere and first abdominal metamere. "Thread waist" Most Apocrita are parasitic and attack other insects or arthropods. Propodium allows ovipositor to be brought to bear in a variety of angles Bees and ants are social Bees are important pollinators Ants can be beneficial or pestilent 25 Cotesia congregata Tobacco Hornworm parasite

5 Adult parasitoid lays eggs inside larva Eggs hatch and keep larva from metamorphosing Larva emerge, spin cocoons and fly off Moth larva does not complete life cycle but continues to feed on plants 26 Yellow Citrus Ant (Oecophylla smaragdina) Important biological control agent in Chinese citrus systems Used "tree bridges" to link ant nests Ant nests stored and fed overwinter or kept on intercropped pommelo trees 27 Invasive Fire ant (Solenopsis invicta) South American in origin Has been spreading North in the US Also present in Asia and Austrailia Rapacious consumer kills other insects as well as vertebrates Has value as a biological control agent in some annual systems Kills pollinators important to perennial systems 28 Diptera (True Flies) Diptera are perhaps the most negatively important order of insects Very diverse and elaborate mouthparts Sopping Piercing Sucking Mixtures of the two "Two Wings" Hindwings altered into halteres Provide flight stability Three broad groups of flies 29 Nematocera "Thread Anntena Flies" Nine segmented long antennae Usually aquatic, includes mosquitoes (Culicidae), craneflies (Tipulidae), and Midges (Chironomidae) Mosquitoes are responsible for more human deaths than any creature by vectoring important pathogens Malaria, Yellow Fever, Typhus, Dengue 30 Brachycera "Shortened Antenna Flies" Shortened antennae (Clavate) usually three segments maggots with sclerotized heads Horse flies are one example (Tabanidae) 31 Cyclorrhapha "Circular Seamed Flies" Shortened antennae like Brachycera Refers to how the adult fly ecloses out of the

6 Circular hole House flies (Muscidae)

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is useful for proper management. 1 In order to appreciate

More information

Insect Identification. Developed by: Scott Schell & Dr. Alex Latchininsky CES Entomology - Renewable Resources Univ.

Insect Identification. Developed by: Scott Schell & Dr. Alex Latchininsky CES Entomology - Renewable Resources Univ. Insect Identification Developed by: Scott Schell & Dr. Alex Latchininsky CES Entomology - Renewable Resources Univ. of Wyoming, 2007 Taxonomy: science of classifying organisms Names help humans organize

More information

Arthropod Characteristic Differences

Arthropod Characteristic Differences Subphylum Uniramia Arthropod Characteristic Differences Subphylum Characteristics Representatives Uniramia Chelicerata Crustacea 1 pair of antennae uniramous legs tracheal system = spiracles, trachea and

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Program of Studies. Core Content

Program of Studies. Core Content University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom - Lesson Plan Insects A-Z! For Intermediate Grades (4-5) Prepared by Blake Newton, Extension Specialist Activity Description Students

More information

Total Course Hours. Semester Degree code. ID Course Name Professor Course Content Summary. 90 1 st 11070

Total Course Hours. Semester Degree code. ID Course Name Professor Course Content Summary. 90 1 st 11070 LEA0170 Invertebrate Zoology I Italo Delalibera Junior Characterization and importance of the Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nemata, Mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata phyla and smaller invertebrate

More information

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference!

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference! Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let s look at the difference! What is metamorphosis? Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually

More information

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime What is Entomology? Entomology is the study of insects. Entomologists study bees, ants, beetles,

More information

Class Insecta - The insects

Class Insecta - The insects A Introduction 1. Very species rich 2. Characteristics a. 3 pairs of legs b. 2 pairs of wings (most) except flies (1 pair of wings - Diptera) B. Distribution 1. All habitats except saltwater - replaced

More information

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Essential Question: What are predators, parasites, parasitoids and pathogens? Background Information: Predation and Parasitism Most animals produce many

More information

Characteristics of Insects:

Characteristics of Insects: Characteristics of Insects: How to Recognize Several Common Insect Orders illustrations and text by Donna Brunet This guide discusses obvious characteristics of ten common insect orders. Learning these

More information

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look carefully. Most are smaller than your pinkie nail! Many

More information

Pest Control - Biological Controls

Pest Control - Biological Controls Harvest For Life Pests out of Control That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath

More information

Lizards in Insect Control

Lizards in Insect Control The Ohio State University Knowledge Bank kb.osu.edu Ohio Journal of Science (Ohio Academy of Science) Ohio Journal of Science: Volume 38, Issue 5 (September, 1938) 1938-09 Lizards in Insect Control Knowlton,

More information

Arthropods. Butterflies & Moths

Arthropods. Butterflies & Moths How are living things classified? Scientists place living things into groups based on their physical, chemical, & behavioral characteristics. This activity is called classification. Each type of living

More information

PEST IDENTIFICATION. PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014

PEST IDENTIFICATION. PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014 PEST IDENTIFICATION PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014 Steps towards a successful IPM program 1. Correct identification 2. Monitoring 3. Economic thresholds 4. Choice of optimum pest control option Pests

More information

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor Social Insects Sociality evolved multiple times in insects Much of Earth s fauna consists of social insects They play major roles in entire ecosystems Proliferation of ants and termites associated with

More information

INSECTS. Homework Assignment. Major insect pest. Available organic control for your pest. Life cycle (where, how long) How do they arrive at crop?

INSECTS. Homework Assignment. Major insect pest. Available organic control for your pest. Life cycle (where, how long) How do they arrive at crop? INSECTS Managing Insects with Fewer Chemicals Paul Guillebeau, Professor Department of Entomology bugman@uga.edu Homework Assignment Major insect pest Life cycle (where, how long) Each life stage How do

More information

4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers

4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers 4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers Insects are our most abundant form of wildlife. There are more species of insects than there are species of all other animals and plants combined!

More information

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros?

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros? Macroinvertebrates What are macros? Macroinvertebrates are organisms that lack a spine and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Examples of macroinvertebrates include flatworms, crayfish, snails,

More information

Life Cycles of Animals

Life Cycles of Animals Life Cycles of Animals 1. Animals go through the same life cycle as their parents. It starts as a fertilised egg. The fertilized egg develops into an embryo. The embryo develops into a young animal. The

More information

How Insects Feed from Flowers

How Insects Feed from Flowers The Pollinator Garden: www.foxleas.com How Insects Feed from Flowers The main insect groupings that include species that use flowers as a food source are: Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera), Bees and

More information

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide The OPAL Bugs Count Pocket ID Guide This Pocket ID Guide is part of the OPAL Bugs Count survey pack. Use it to identify the invertebrates that you find. Getting started with identification You don t need

More information

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT?

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT? INSECT COLLECTING INSTRUCTIONS SEVENTH GRADE SCIENCE INSECT PROJECT The first unit that you will study in science in the fall is entomology. This is a study of insects and includes preparing an insect

More information

Second Grade Insects Assessment

Second Grade Insects Assessment Second Grade Insects Assessment 1a. The stiff shell that covers an insect s body is called an: a. outer shell b. exoskeleton 1b. The stiff shell that covers and insect s body is called an: a. outer shell

More information

The Life Cycles of Animals

The Life Cycles of Animals Chapter The Life Cycles of Animals Hey, look at the eggs in this nest! Some baby birds have hatched! All baby frogs have tails. The tail disappears as the frog becomes an adult. Baby frogs look quite different

More information

3. The process were an animal grows a new skin and the old one falls off. a. I and II b. I and III c. I, II and III

3. The process were an animal grows a new skin and the old one falls off. a. I and II b. I and III c. I, II and III A. Circle the letter of the correct answer. 1. Another word for cycle is a. pedal b. pattern c. circular 2. Which animal carries its baby for 22 months? a. elephant b. hippopotamus c. sea cow 3. The process

More information

Beneficial Insects Predators, Parasitoids and Pollinators

Beneficial Insects Predators, Parasitoids and Pollinators Beneficial Insects Predators, Parasitoids and Pollinators Beneficial insects and mites belong to three categories: predators, parasitoids, and pollinators. January, 2016 Predators capture and eat other

More information

June , Havraníky, Czech Republic

June , Havraníky, Czech Republic June 5-11 2016, Havraníky, Czech Republic This project has received funding from the European Union s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No

More information

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2 Praying Mantis 3A-1 Hi, boys and girls. It s time to meet one of the most fascinating insects on the planet. That s me. I m a praying mantis, named for the way I hold my two front legs together as though

More information

Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes!

Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes! Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes! Jan Garrett, M.S., Botany PhD, Ecology Auburn University Organic Vegetable Production Research Owner, manager Sunbright Farm garrecj@auburn.edu All the World

More information

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Penobscot County Soil & Water Conservation District Natural Resources Conservation Service 28 Gilman Plaza, Suite #2 Bangor, ME 04401 Tel: (207) 990-3676 Fax:

More information

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB MAIN ACHIEVEMENT BADGE BUTTERFLIES & MOTHS Name : Complete the multiple choice Quiz Complete the TWO diagrams Complete the Wordsearch Complete the Crossword The Ultimate Butterflies

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name Focus Areas: Pest Control: Biological; Environmental Science, Language Arts Focus Skills: critical thinking, conducting research, observing, graphing, interpreting data Objectives To explore human attitudes

More information

Clover Kid Corner Website (http://child.unl.edu/cloverkid) Before You Get Started: When You Finish This You Will Have Helped Your Child:

Clover Kid Corner Website (http://child.unl.edu/cloverkid) Before You Get Started: When You Finish This You Will Have Helped Your Child: Intro To Insects UNL Clover Kid Team Clover Kid Corner Website (http://child.unl.edu/cloverkid) Information for Parents Before You Get Started: The primary objective of the 4-H Entomology project is to

More information

Insect Life Cycle LEVELED READER BOOK LA. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Insect Life Cycle LEVELED READER BOOK LA. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Insect Life Cycle A Reading A Z Level L Leveled Book Word Count: 607 LEVELED READER BOOK LA Written by Chuck Garofano Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com Photo

More information

Life cycle of a butterfly. Egg

Life cycle of a butterfly. Egg Worksheet 1 Life cycle of a butterfly Egg Adult / butterfly Larva / caterpillar Pupa / chrysalis Worksheet 2 Am I an insect? An insect has _3 body parts: head, thorax and abdomen. It has _6_ legs coming

More information

FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS

FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS NOTE: Notice that the words "usually, typically, often", etc. are used in many of the descriptions. That means with any insect (or group of insects), there will be specimens

More information

Insect Life Cycle. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Insect Life Cycle. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Insect Life Cycle A Reading A Z Level L Leveled Reader Word Count: 607 LEVELED READER L Written by Chuck Garofano Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com Photo

More information

Agricultural Plant Pest Control

Agricultural Plant Pest Control Agricultural Plant Pest Control Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service Category 1A Agricultural Plant Pest Control July 2011 Table of Contents Integrated

More information

Landfills-T27 20810 Vector & Bird Control

Landfills-T27 20810 Vector & Bird Control These materials were developed under the auspices of CalRecycle for specific technical training presentations and are posted as reference documents for the local government and CalRecycle staff who attended

More information

Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives

Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives Category 7C: Structural Pest Control (Wood-Destroying Pests) Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives After studying this section, you should be able to: Describe the most common wood destroying pest

More information

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism Worksheets (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level 1 Life cycle of a butterfly P3 2 Am I an insect? P3 3 4 Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism The butterfly

More information

NEATO MOSQUITO I. Word List Antenna Aquatic Egg Larva Metamorphosis Molt Proboscis Pupa Raft Siphon Species Treehole

NEATO MOSQUITO I. Word List Antenna Aquatic Egg Larva Metamorphosis Molt Proboscis Pupa Raft Siphon Species Treehole Antenna Aquatic Egg Larva Metamorphosis Molt Proboscis Pupa Raft Siphon Species Treehole NEATO MOSQUITO I 1 2 3 10 11 12. the non-feeding stage that lives in water a natural container habitat first stage

More information

Stagmomantis carolina (Carolina Mantis)

Stagmomantis carolina (Carolina Mantis) Stagmomantis carolina (Carolina Mantis) Order: Mantodea (Mantids) Class: Insecta (Insects) Phylum: Arthropoda (Arthropods) Fig. 1. Carolina mantis, Stagmomantis carolina. [http://www.alexanderwild.com/insects/insect-orders/magnificent-mantids/i-5zgzcxw/2/l/stag

More information

Intensive, high-production agricultural systems have

Intensive, high-production agricultural systems have Insect Pests July 2003 IP-13 Integrated Pest Management for Home Gardens: Insect Identification and Control Richard Ebesu Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Intensive, high-production

More information

Ohio Plants & Animals

Ohio Plants & Animals Ohio Plants & Animals GOAL: To study and observe local plants and animals in various life stages and habitats. Small Group Procedures Concept: A field experience is enhanced when students are able to focus

More information

Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly

Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly Who s Bugging Your Roses? Most People Love Roses They Love to Plant Roses in a Garden Plant Roses in Containers Some People Love to Eat Roses (They

More information

Don t Bug Me! I m Learning!

Don t Bug Me! I m Learning! Don t Bug Me! I m Learning! Grade Level: 2 nd Grade Presented by: Don Gilmore, Springdale Elementary, Springdale, WA Length of Unit: Seventeen Days I. ABSTRACT This unit is an in-depth look at insects.

More information

Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey

Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey Invertebrates are animals without a backbone. They come in many shapes, sizes and colours.

More information

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths butterfly goes through four stages in its life. All animals A change as they grow and mature but butterflies and moths undergo the biggest change of all. Butterfly Pupa

More information

Ranger Report About Costa Rican Butterflies

Ranger Report About Costa Rican Butterflies 1. Ranger Report About Costa Rican Butterflies Kingdom Phylum Class Order Animalia Antropoda Insecta Lepidoptera Copyright - The Rainforest Rangers www.therainforestrangers.com! 1 Insect Status: Endangered

More information

The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah

The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah Page 1 of 5 The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah Fact Sheet No. 58 January 1989 Edward W. Evans Extension Entomologist Introduction The alfalfa weevil is a major pest throughout Utah. It is a beetle with one generation

More information

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT 12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT Conservation farming promotes a diversity of insect life, influences pest populations and also favours many beneficial insects. The beneficial insects which act as

More information

insect life cycles reflect

insect life cycles reflect reflect Most animals look like their parents when they are born. The babies are just smaller. They might look like small grown-ups. Kittens look like small cats. Insects are different. Newborn bees do

More information

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS *THE MATERIALS WERE DESIGNED TO ACCOMMODATE A K-6 AUDIENCE PLEASE MODIFY AS APPROPRIATE INSECTS A to Z Work with a partner to complete

More information

Tennessee Common Core Reading Unit for Grades K 1: Insects

Tennessee Common Core Reading Unit for Grades K 1: Insects Tennessee Common Core Reading Unit for Grades K 1: Insects Learning Objective: The goal of this unit is to teach kindergarten and first grade students to read closely and critically in order to comprehend

More information

BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program. Bugs Bugs Bugs! Resource Kit. Acknowledgements

BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program. Bugs Bugs Bugs! Resource Kit. Acknowledgements BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program This kit was designed to provide background information that will enhance children s visit to the Bugs Alive! exhibition or to see the bugs in the

More information

Insect identification sheet

Insect identification sheet information leaflet Insect identification sheet To enable you to identify the insect you have in your home, we have provided some identification sheets. These depict the most common pest species that you

More information

This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed

This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed by Minnesota Agriculture in the Classroom in 2013. The

More information

The report book. Sue Palmer

The report book. Sue Palmer The report book Sue Palmer Non-chronological report text describes the characteristics of things, animals, places or people. It is not in chronological order. The information is organised in categories.

More information

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors Teacher Lesson Plan Animal Life Cycles Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 30-40 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.3.2.1. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: C.4.1, C.4.2, F

More information

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Why Do Living Things Interact With Each Other? Because, in order to survive, a living organism depends on other living things. Organisms may interact to find food

More information

Understanding Insects as Friends or Foes

Understanding Insects as Friends or Foes Grade Level: 2 Understanding Insects as Friends or Foes Approximate Length of Activity: One class period Objective Teacher 1. Discuss good and bad insects. 2. Share with the students the methods that farmers

More information

Pest Check. Subterranean Termite Swarming Season. Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu

Pest Check. Subterranean Termite Swarming Season. Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu Pest Check Subterranean Termite Swarming Season For one subterranean termite genus, Reticultermes, the months of February through May means

More information

Case Study. Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems

Case Study. Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems Case Study Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems Johnnie van den Berg School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom,

More information

EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES

EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES Kathleen Tait Biology 501 EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES All life began from a common ancestor. According to most scientists, animal life is thought to have evolved from a flagellated protist. This protist evolved

More information

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism Worksheets (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level 1 Life cycle of a butterfly P3 2 Am I an insect? P3 3 4 Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism The butterfly

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Science and Language Arts Brief Description: This lesson will focus all of the information the students have learned about pests in the other insect lessons in a decision-making

More information

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture German Cockroach Cockroach egg case & nymphs 12-15mm (Adult Stage)Mid to dark brown body. Lighter area with 2 dark bars behind head. Wings. Very long antennae. Young are smaller

More information

Arthropod Pest Management

Arthropod Pest Management 1.8 Arthropod Pest Management Introduction 343 Lecture 1: Basic Biology and Ecology of Insects; 345 Pesticides and Chemical Resistance Lecture 2: Pest Management in Organic Cropping Systems 351 Demonstration

More information

honey bee By Henry Touray

honey bee By Henry Touray honey bee By Henry Touray Introduction For my project I have chosen to research Bees. I chose to find out about the bee because bees have been in the news lately. Lots of hives have died out and scientists

More information

LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction

LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction Introduction: S o i l 4 Y o u t h soilweb.landfood.ubc.ca/youth/ 1 There is a lot of life below our feet a single teaspoon of soil can hold over one billion

More information

Totally Termites (Grades 3 5)

Totally Termites (Grades 3 5) Lesson Overview Students will explore the world of termites. This lesson includes a close-up look at termite specimens, special termite adaptations and insect anatomy. Students will also learn about property

More information

Insect Senses. Insect Senses. Vision - compound eyes, ocelli Touch - sensilla (hair) Hearing - chordotonal organs, tympanic membrane

Insect Senses. Insect Senses. Vision - compound eyes, ocelli Touch - sensilla (hair) Hearing - chordotonal organs, tympanic membrane Insect Senses How do insects See? Touch? Hear? Smell? Taste? Insect Senses Vision - compound eyes, ocelli Touch - sensilla (hair) Hearing - chordotonal organs, tympanic membrane Smell - sensilla on antennae

More information

LAWN GUARDIAN GRUB CONTROL

LAWN GUARDIAN GRUB CONTROL LAWN GUARDIAN GRUB CONTROL Beneficial Nematodes When Do I Apply? Grubs start feeding in April and again in August. Apply Beneficial Nematodes in May or when grubs are seen in the soil, ensure the soil

More information

An explanation of the coding of the science GPS is attached.

An explanation of the coding of the science GPS is attached. Entomology Curriculum The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science. The Project 2061 s Benchmarks for Science Literacy is

More information

Control of Insect Pests in Eucalypt Plantations

Control of Insect Pests in Eucalypt Plantations Control of Insect Pests in Eucalypt Plantations Number 30 Revised February 2007 By Charlma Phillips, Principal Forest Health Scientist Eucalypts are native to Australia and have evolved in association

More information

Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan

Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan Lesson Title: Bountiful Beetles Objectives: Students will identify the life cycle, anatomy and other characteristics of beetles. Students will conduct a simple research using

More information

What I eat: As a caterpillar, I will eat hickory, sycamore and walnut leaves. I do not have a mouth and do not eat as an adult.

What I eat: As a caterpillar, I will eat hickory, sycamore and walnut leaves. I do not have a mouth and do not eat as an adult. Luna Moth My Home: I am found in trees of the eastern part of the United States and into Canada. I only fly at night and that is how I got my name, the word "luna" means moon. What I eat: As a caterpillar,

More information

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA As you are probably aware, we have seen a significant amount of dying ash trees in the Plymouth, Canton, Northville area. This prompted

More information

Second Grade Cycles in Nature-Life Cycles Assessment

Second Grade Cycles in Nature-Life Cycles Assessment Second Grade Cycles in Nature-Life Cycles Assessment 1a. Plants and animals produce offspring that look like themselves. This is called: a. a photocopy b. reproduction 1b. Plants and animals produce offspring

More information

Meeting Stag Beetles (Key Stage 2)

Meeting Stag Beetles (Key Stage 2) Meeting Stag Beetles (Key Stage 2) Deborah Harvey The stag beetle s life cycle The stag beetle, or Lucanus cervus to give it its proper scientific name, is Britain s largest terrestrial or land-living

More information

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents?

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? offspring Offspring are young plants and animals. Offspring

More information

BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS

BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS Biology & Impact of Predators 18 BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS I. Definitions of Predator and Prey A. Predator: An animal that feeds upon other animals (prey) that are either smaller or weaker than itself

More information

Insects of Alberta s Wetlands

Insects of Alberta s Wetlands Insects of Alberta s Wetlands By Robert Bercha (Jan 2011) All content in this presentation is copyright, unless otherwise indicated. Unauthorized use, duplication or publication prohibited without permission.

More information

The Cricket Lab. Introduction

The Cricket Lab. Introduction The Cricket Lab Introduction Humans have always been fascinated by crickets, mostly because crickets sing. Movie producers add their songs to sound tracks. The Chinese have used them for medicinal purposes,

More information

Raspberry Pollinators and Visitors: Focus on Bees

Raspberry Pollinators and Visitors: Focus on Bees Raspberry Pollinators and Visitors: Focus on Bees Introduction Raspberry flowers are visited by many insects and pollinators in Manitoba, including native and managed bees. Bees rely on flowers for nectar

More information

Pest management. Controlling pests and diseases

Pest management. Controlling pests and diseases Part 8 Pest management worksheet 8.1: Controlling pests and diseases Knowing about pests is important because pests can damage large numbers of your plants. Plants can be damaged at any stage of their

More information

Adaptations of Insects

Adaptations of Insects Adaptations of Insects Teacher s Booklet Texas Cooperative Extension Part of the Texas A&M University System Molly Keck Extension Program Specialist 3355 Cherry Ridge, Suite 212 San Antonio, TX 78230 Email:

More information

Name: Period : Jaguar Review: Life Science

Name: Period : Jaguar Review: Life Science Name: Period : Life Sciences-Benchmark A, B, C and D Jaguar Review: Life Science 1. What is the role of the mitochondrion in cells? A. It converts sunlight to energy. B. It controls all functions of the

More information

Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants

Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants Extension Bulletin E-2973 New January 2007 Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants Anna Fiedler, Julianna Tuell, Rufus Isaacs, and Doug Landis Department of Entomology, Michigan State

More information

Pollinators We Never Talk About

Pollinators We Never Talk About Pollinators We Never Talk About Lynn Kimsey Bohart Museum of Entomology University of California Why Do Plants Need Pollination? To move pollen from plant to plant To prevent inbreeding Move genes around

More information

Insectarium Group Visit Activity - CSI:Insectarium! Teacher Instructions

Insectarium Group Visit Activity - CSI:Insectarium! Teacher Instructions Insectarium Group Visit Activity - CSI:Insectarium! Teacher Instructions Welcome to the Audubon Insectarium! We re so glad you have chosen our newest facility as a field trip for your students. At Audubon

More information

Insect Record. Date. Observations

Insect Record. Date. Observations Insect Record Date Observations Investigation 1: Mealworms No. 1 Notebook Master Stages in the Life Cycle of the Darkling Beetle 1. Cut apart the pictures. 2. Glue the pictures in a column in your science

More information

Insect Pests of Pecan. Will Hudson Extension Entomologist

Insect Pests of Pecan. Will Hudson Extension Entomologist Insect Pests of Pecan Will Hudson Extension Entomologist How important is nut drop to production? Pecan trees typically lose 75% of the pecans between nut set and shell hardening even when protected from

More information

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 butterfly fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies of the

More information

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline 1 Investigative Question: What are insects life needs? Goal: Understanding that insects have complex life cycles which are often dependent on host plants. These

More information

Farm Ecosystems. 8th grade N/A

Farm Ecosystems. 8th grade N/A SCIENCE LESSON (5-8) Farm Ecosystems OBJECTIVES SWBAT define the term ecosystem SWBAT identify the traits of a healthy ecosystem SWBAT describe why a farm is an ecosystems, and the smaller ecosystems within

More information

Flight of the Butterflies Classroom Activities Grades 3 6

Flight of the Butterflies Classroom Activities Grades 3 6 Flight of the Butterflies Classroom Activities Grades 3 6 1 Keying Out Kids Objective Students practice sorting related things using a taxonomic key. Background Field guides are organized by similarities

More information