1 Ontario Fire Code SECTION 5.13 DIP TANKS Illustrated Commentary Office of the Ontario Fire Marshal
3 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Location Dip tank operations involving flammable or combustible liquids where the quantity exceeds 45 L or the liquid surface area exceeds 0.42 m 2 shall be conducted in a room designed for that purpose and separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a 2-hr fire-resistance rating. Dip tank operations involving the use of flammable or combustible liquids produce flammable vapours that when mixed with air may be easily ignited. To prevent the spread of fire this Article requires a properly designed room for a dip tank operation that involves a capacity of over 45 L or a liquid surface area over 0.42 m 2. The intent is to reduce the risk of a fire in the dipping or coating area spreading to other parts of the building and endangering building occupants. Building means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. Combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8 o C and below 93.3 o C. Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point below 37.8 o C and having a vapour pressure not more than kpa (absolute) at 37.8 o C as determined by ASTMD 323, Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method). Fire-resistance rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a material or assembly of materials will withstand the passage of flame and the transmission of heat when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom as prescribed in the Building Code Fire separation means a construction assembly that acts as a barrier against the spread of fire and may or may not have a fire-resistance rating or a fire-protection rating.
4 2 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Location Dip tanks shall not be located in cellars or basements. This Article prohibits the location of dip tanks, regardless of their size, in cellars or basements since flammable liquid vapours are heavier than air. The intent is to: reduce the accumulation of flammable or combustible vapours to ignitable concentrations in low areas of a building that would create a fire or explosion hazard and endanger building occupants. reduce delays and impairments to emergency response operations because of difficult access to basements that could result in the spread of fire or explosion and cause harm to building occupants and emergency responders. Dip tank Cellar means a basement that is more than 50 per cent below grade. Basement means a storey or storeys of a building located below the first storey.
5 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Construction Floors The floor of any room where dip tanks are located shall be made liquid tight with material that is impervious to the liquid in the tank, have permanent curbs and be drained to a place of safe discharge. The requirements in this Article are intended to reduce the risk of an overflow of the tank contents spreading the spill/fire to other parts of the building and endangering building occupants, or causing damage to the environment. To control a spill, the floor must be impervious to the liquid and drained to a place of safe discharge. Main plant Outside wall Fire door Curb Dip tank Liquid tight floor of material impervious to the liquid in the tank Drain to a safe location
6 4 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Construction Materials (1) Dip tanks and drain boards shall be constructed of noncombustible material with steel, reinforced concrete or masonry supports. (2) Drain boards shall be arranged to drain back to the dip tank. The materials specified in Sentence (1) are necessary to limit the combustible content [noncombustibity] and to avoid collapse of the dip tank and drain board under fire conditions. Sentence (2) ensures that liquid dripping from dipped material will drain back to the dip tank and not on to the floor. Drain board Drain back to the dip tank Dip tank Steel supports Noncombustible material
7 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Construction Height above floor The top of a dip tank shall not be less than 150 mm above the floor of the room in which it is located. The distance indicated by this Article is intended to reduce the risk of water or other material on the floor adjacent to the dip tanks from entering into the tank and causing the overflow of the tank contents that could be ignited and endanger building occupants. > 150 mm
8 6 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Construction Covers Dip tank covers as required in Articles and shall be of noncombustible materials Dip tank covers shall overlap the sides of the tank by 25 mm and shall have a recess or flange extending down around the tank Dip tank covers shall be maintained in good operating condition. The simplest device for confining and extinguishing a fire in a process tank is a self-closing cover, which cuts off the fire s oxygen supply, thus extinguishing the fire. To perform this function properly, the cover must be made of noncombustible material to stop the fire from penetrating it, and also be large enough to cover the entire surface of the tank. The recessed or flanged edges on the cover ensure that the lid acts as an effective barrier to the spread of fire and limits the quantity of oxygen from entering the enclosed space. It is equally important that the covers are maintained in good operating condition so that they will close quickly and tightly in the event of a fire. Release device Heat actuator Spring Cover
9 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Liquid levels The liquid level in a dip tank shall be kept not less than 150 mm below the top of the tank. The restriction on the level of the liquid in a dip tank applies to all dip tanks and is intended to prevent an overflow of the tank contents that could be ignited. Possible causes for overflow: Normal dipping or filling operations, Wave action from dropping an object in the tank, or Water used for fire fighting purposes [or other extinguishing agent] applied to a fire in the dip tank, Tank top Maximum liquid level 150 mm Dip tank
10 8 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Overflow pipes Dip tanks having a capacity in excess of 550 L or having a liquid surface area in excess of 1 m 2 shall be equipped with a properly trapped overflow pipe that leads to a safe location outside the building or to a closed, vented salvage tank conforming to Subsection The purpose of this Article is to ensure that large tanks are provided with features that will prevent accidental overflow. The continuing intent is to provide a safe location for any overflow resulting from overfilling and water used for fire fighting. By requiring a properly trapped overflow pipe, the intent is to prevent flame propagation from a burning overflow of flammable or combustible liquids traveling beyond the trap reaching the salvage tank or flashback from the storage tank into the dip tank. Overflow drain Trap Dip tank To safe location or salvage tank Building means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.
11 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Overflow pipes The centre line of the overflow connection to a dip tank shall be 150 mm below the top of the tank. This Article indicates the location of the overflow connection to a dip tank as a measure to prevent the liquid in the tank to raise to a level higher than the level allowed by Article The continuing intent is to reduce the possibility of an overflow from: Normal dipping or filling operations, Wave action from dropping an object in the tank, causing the overflow of the tank contents that could be ignited and endanger building occupants, or Water used for fire fighting purposes [or other extinguishing agent] applied to a fire in the dip tank, 150 mm Dip tank
12 10 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Overflow pipes Overflow pipe sizes for dip tanks shall conform to table A. Size of Tank, L TABLE A. Forming Part of Article Overflow Pipe Size Required, Mm and over 200 The concept is that the overflow pipe must be able to displace the raised volume in the dip tank at a maximum rate of discharge. If the drain pipe is too small, the overflow liquid could not be drained off safely and quickly, but would overflow from the top of the tank. Sizing the drain pipe for maximum anticipated overflow will allow for the discharge of liquid to drain to a safe location and thereby prevent the liquid from spilling into the room. Also, in a fire situation, if there is an overflow due to fire fighting suppression water or sprinkler discharge entering the dip tank, the overflow pipe will be capable of transferring the liquid to a safe area or to the salvage tank.
13 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Overflow pipes Overflow pipe shall be connected to dip tanks by a flared outlet. The intent is to avoid build-up of deposits that could reduce the capacity of the pipe and result in the overflow of the tank contents that could be ignited and endanger building occupants. Dip tank Overflow pipe Flared outlet
14 12 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Piping connections Piping connections for drains and overflow lines shall be designed so as to allow for easy access to their interiors for cleaning purposes. One of the measures of hazard reduction is proper maintenance and periodic inspections. Careful evaluation of the process is necessary when designing the piping connections for drains and the overflow lines so that their interiors be accessed easily for cleaning purposes. Given the size of the tanks to which this Article applies, this is a very important requirement to help avoid build-up of deposits that could reduce the capacity of the pipe and result in the overflow of the tank contents that could be ignited and endanger building occupants. Easy access for cleaning (push a brush in either direction)
15 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Bottom drains Dip tanks of over 2300 L liquid capacity shall be equipped with bottom drains capable of being operated both automatically and manually to drain the tank quickly in the event of fire. Bottom drains are required for large tanks since the consequences of a fire would be extremely serious. The bottom drain must be capable of being operated automatically and manually with the result of emptying the tank as quickly as possible in the event of fire. Automatic operation Manual operation Dip tank To salvage tank Quick opening dump valve
16 14 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Bottom drains Bottom drains from dip tanks shall be trapped and shall discharge to a closed, vented salvage tank. The objective of this Article is the safe discharge of flammable and combustible liquids from dip tanks that are provided with bottom drains. It requires the drains to discharge to a closed, vented salvage tank, but does not put restrictions on the location of the tank allowing, for example, the use of an existing salvage tank located in the building or outside. Traps on bottom drains ensure that a fire involving liquid in either the dip tank or the salvage tank will not spread to the other tank because the flame is stopped at the trap. Dip tank Trap Dump line Salvage tank
17 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Bottom drains Bottom drain sizes for dip tanks shall conform to Table B. TABLE B. Forming Part of Article Capacity of Dip Tank, L Diameter of Bottom Drain Pipe, mm and over 200 Sizing the bottom drain based on the dip tank size (larger tanks require larger drains) allows the discharged liquid to drain quickly from the dip tank to the salvage tank in the event of a fire in the dip tank. This will reduce the volume of liquid that can be consumed by a fire.
18 16 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Manual operation of bottom drains Manual operation of bottom drains shall be from an accessible location not affected by a fire in or around the dip tank. It is important that devices provided for manual release of the bottom drain are accessible in the event of a fire in the vicinity of a dip tank. An accessible location for the bottom drain manual release device will help: avoid injuries to the person operating the valve during a fire. avoid delays in manually opening the bottom drain due to the failure [non-operation] of the automatic quick release drainage mechanism. Cable to safe location for manual release of weight Dip tank To salvage tank
19 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Overflow and Drain Pipes Automatic pumps Where gravity flow is not practical, automatic pumps shall be installed on drain lines from dip tanks. The intent of this Article is to make sure that where gravity flow is not possible (for example when the salvage tank and the dip tank are on the same floor) then automatic pumps must be provided to ensure that the dip tank can be drained rapidly. Vent Dip tank Salvage tank Pump
20 18 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Overflow and Drain Pipes Automatic pumps Where salvage tanks are used, pumping arrangements shall be provided for the transfer of their contents for disposal. The Article applies to salvage tanks containing more than 2300 L of flammable or combustible liquids. Requiring pumping arrangements to be provided for salvage tanks will ensure that the salvage tanks can be promptly emptied. From dip tank Salvage tank To a safe place of disposal Pump
21 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Salvage Tanks Use Salvage tanks shall be used only for temporary storage purposes. Capacity The capacity of a salvage tank shall be 20 per cent greater than the capacity of the dip tank or tanks to which it is connected. Salvage tanks are not to be used for storage. They have to be emptied to ensure that the salvage tank is available in the event of the need to divert dip tank contents to the salvage tank in a fire situation. The salvage tank must be 20 per cent larger than the capacity of the dip tank in order to accommodate the entire volume of the dip tank, plus minor spills and fire suppression water. Dip tank 20% dip tank volume Salvage tank Dip tank volume
22 20 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Salvage Tanks Location Salvage tanks shall be located underground in the yard or inside a building in an enclosure separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a 2-hr fire-resistance rating. By placing the salvage tank underground it reduces the risk of fire spreading from the salvage tank to nearby buildings or storage areas. If the salvage tank is located in the building, a fire separation is necessary to isolate the tank from the rest of the building to prevent the spread of fire to other parts of the building. Dip tank Ground line Salvage tank Side view or Plan view Remainder of Building Salvage tank Enclosure Fire separation (2-hr fire-resistance rating) Building means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. Fire resistance rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a material or assembly of materials will withstand the passage of flame and the transmission of heat when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom as prescribed in the Building Code Fire separation means a construction assembly that acts as a barrier against the spread of fire and may or may not have a fire-resistance rating or a fire-protection rating.
23 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Control of Fire Hazards Ventilation Ventilation shall be provided to confine all flammable vapour concentrations exceeding 25 per cent of the lower explosive limit to within 600 mm of the dip tank, drain board and freshly coated work. Ventilation is necessary to confine the flammable range of vapours to the smallest practical space possible. This requirement extends to the dip tank, drain board and freshly coated work because these areas are likely to produce vapours. A properly designed and maintained ventilation system will not allow the vapour area to extend beyond 600 mm from the vapour source. 600 mm 600 mm 600 mm 600 mm Freshly coated material Side view Dip tank Drain board 600 mm 600 mm 600 mm Plan view Dip tank Freshly coated material 600 mm 600 mm Ventilation required to prevent vapour concentration outside this region from exceeding 25% of the lower explosive limit Lower explosive limit means the minimum concentration of vapour in air at which the propagation of flame occurs on contact with a source of ignition.
24 22 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Control of Fire Hazards Interlocks Ventilating systems shall be arranged so that the failure of any ventilation fan as sensed by air flow will automatically stop the dipping conveyor systems and sound an alarm. Failure of any ventilation fan would permit flammable vapours to accumulate to ignitable concentrations. The requirement is to automatically stop the process and sound an alarm when the air flow senses a fan failure so that corrective measures can be taken immediately. Automatically stop And Ventilation fan failure sensed by air flow Dipping conveyor Sound alarm
25 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Control of Fire Hazards Interlocks The heating system used in drying operations shall be interlocked so that it cannot be started until the associated ventilation system is in operation. The requirement in this Article is to have the ventilation system in operation before the heating system can be started in order to remove flammable vapours prior to the heating system being turned on. By interlocking the two systems, the ventilation system will be in operation first and the heating system second. Power supply Switch 1 Switch 2 Ventilation system Heating system A simple illustration of an interlock where switch 1 must be engaged to operate the ventilation system before switch 2 can provide power to the heating system.
26 24 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Control of Fire Hazards Conveyor systems Conveyor systems utilized in conjunction with dip tanks shall be designed to stop automatically with the actuation of an automatic fixed extinguishing system or a manual fire alarm. The intent is to reduce the risk of a fire in the dipping or coating area spreading to other parts of the building through burning objects on the moving conveyor. Conveyor systems used in dipping processes involving flammable or combustible liquids must be interlocked so that they will stop automatically in the event of fire, whether the fire is signaled by the actuation of the automatic extinguishing system or by the manual fire alarm. Conveyor system power supply Switch 1 Switch 2 Fire alarm activates opening switch 1 Fixed extinguishing system activates opening switch 2 Conveyor system motor A simple illustration of an interlock where switches 1 and 2 are normally engaged to operate the conveyor system. Upon actuation of the fixed extinguishing system or manual fire alarm, the switch opens shutting off the conveyor system.
27 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Control of Fire Hazards Purging interlocks Where there is a possible source of ignition in a drying operation, interlocks shall be installed to provide for purging before the heating system can be started and for automatic shutdown if the ventilation system should fail. In order to reduce and control the fire hazards in the drying operations where there are possible sources of ignition, interlocks are required to make sure the drying enclosure is purged before the heating system can be started, and to automatically shutdown if the ventilation system fails. Power supply Switch 1 Purge ventilation system Timer Delay mechanism allows ventilation system to purge area before heating system can be engaged Switch 2 activated upon ventilation system failure Heating system A simple illustration of purging interlocks.
28 26 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Control of Fire Hazards Electrical installations Where flammable and combustible liquids contained in dip tanks are heated or have a flash point below 43 0 C, the electrical installation shall conform to the Electrical Safety Code made under the Power Corporation Act. When the process requires that the flammable and/or combustible liquids contained in the dip tank are artificially heated, or if they have a flash point below 43 o C, special attention must be directed to the electrical equipment due to the increased risk of fire or explosion. Electrical equipment and wiring can generate ignition sources capable of igniting flammable vapours produced by dip tank operations. In order to control this hazard the electrical installation must conform to the requirements for hazardous locations outlined in the Electrical Safety Code made under the Power Corporation Act. Combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8 o C and below 93.3 o C. Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point below 37.8 o C and having a vapour pressure not more than kpa (absolute) at 37.8 o C as determined by ASTMD 323, Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method). Flash point means the minimum temperature at which a liquid within a container gives off vapour in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.
29 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Control of Fire Hazards Flammable and combustible liquids (1) The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids shall be in conformance with Part 4. (2) The total number of containers for flammable and combustible liquids in a dip tank area shall not exceed that required for 1 day s operations. The Article applies to storage and handling of flammable or combustible liquids in dipping or coating processes involving flammable or combustible liquids in a manner that creates a fire or explosion hazard in buildings. Sentence (1) is intended to state the application of Part 4. Sentence (2) is intended to limit the fire load and reduce the risk of a fire spreading to other parts of the building, and endanger building occupants. Supply piping 1 Day s supply Drain board Dip tank Combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8 o C and below 93.3 o C. Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point below 37.8 o C and having a vapour pressure not more than kpa (absolute) at 37.8 o C as determined by ASTMD 323, Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method).
30 28 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Control of Fire Hazards Ignition sources Smoking, open flames, spark producing devices and heated surfaces having a temperature sufficient to ignite vapours shall not be permitted in the vapour area of a dip tank. The purpose of this Article is to eliminate potential ignition sources. The article prohibits smoking, the presence of open flames, spark producing devices and heated surface having a temperature sufficient to ignite vapours in the vapour area of the dip tank. The principle of segregating ignition sources to prevent fire is very important here as any of these sources of ignition can be the cause of a fire in a dipping area. For example, ovens located directly above or adjacent to dipping and coating operations have been the ignition source for many fires. This equipment should be located as far as practical from dipping and coating operations. Dip tank Oven Provide distance or vapour tight noncombustible partition
31 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Control of Fire Hazards Signs prohibiting smoking Signs that prohibit smoking and that conform to Article shall be posted conspicuously in the vicinity of dip tanks. To state the application of Article Signs The areas where smoking is not permitted shall be identified by signs having black lettering 50 mm high with a 12.5 mm stroke on a yellow background, except that symbols of 150 mm by 150 mm may be used in lieu of lettering, or covered by instructions established under a fire safety plan and available to all persons. 50 mm 12.5 mm 150 mm 150 mm
32 30 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Fire Protection Automatic sprinklers Dip tanks shall be located only in rooms protected by an automatic sprinkler system installed in conformance with NFPA 13, Installation for Sprinkler Systems. This Article requires that dip tanks, regardless of their size, be located only in rooms protected by an automatic sprinkler system installed in conformance with NFPA 13. The sprinklers help to control the fire and prevent damage to the building.
33 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Fire Protection Tank covers and extinguishing systems (1) Dip tanks with a capacity of over 550 L or over 1 m 2 liquid surface area shall be protected by (a) an automatic closing cover actuated by a device that also permits manual operation, or (b) an approved automatic extinguishing system of a water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical type. The purpose of this Article is to prevent a fire in a dip tank spreading beyond the dip tank. Once a fire starts, quick extinguishment is important. This may be achieved by smothering the fire with a cover or automatic extinguishing system agent. Fusible link > 1 m 2 of liquid surface area Manual release mechanism Dip tank > 550 L Approved means approved by the Chief Fire Official
34 32 Illustrated Commentary Dip Tanks Fire Protection Tank covers and extinguishing systems Dip tanks containing either a flammable or combustible liquid with a flash point less than 43 o C or a heated combustible liquid giving off flammable vapours shall conform to Article when the capacity exceeds 45 L or when the liquid surface area exceeds 0.4 m 2. This Article recognizes that smaller dip tank operations that produce vapours at ambient or operating temperatures require special fire protection features. By applying the requirements of Article , the objective is to quickly extinguish a fire that originates in the tank. Combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8 o C and below 93.3 o C. Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point below 37.8 o C and having a vapour pressure not more than kpa (absolute) at 37.8 o C as determined by ASTMD 323, Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method). Flash point means the minimum temperature at which a liquid within a container gives off vapour in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.
35 Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary Fire Protection Portable extinguishers Areas in the vicinity of dip tanks shall be provided with portable extinguishers in conformance with Section 6.2. This is a reminder to provide the areas in the vicinity of dip tanks, with manual fire extinguishers suitable for flammable and combustible liquid fires even though automatic fire extinguishing systems are in place.
36 34 Questions and References Dip Tanks Q1. Where must dip tanks involving flammable or combustible liquids where the quantity exceeds 45 L be located? A1. Refer to Ontario Fire Code and Q2. How does the floor have to be constructed for a room where a dip tank is installed? A2. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q3. What is the requirement for the liquid level in a dip tank? A3. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q4. Where on the dip tank does the overflow pipe have to be installed? A4. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q5. Where do the bottom drains discharge to? A5. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q6. Can salvage tanks be used for permanent storage? A6. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q7. Is smoking allowed in the vapour area of the dip tank? A7. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q8. Does the room in which the dip tank is installed have to be sprinklered? A8. Refer to Ontario Fire Code Q9. Should a dip tank be equipped with an automatic closing cover, or an automatic extinguishing system? A9. Refer to Ontario Fire Code (1) and Q10. Are fire extinguishers required in the vicinity of dip tanks? A10. Refer to Ontario Fire Code
Department of Development Service 135 North D Street, Perris CA. 92570 Phone: (951) 443-1029 Fax: (951) 943-3293 PURPOSE The intent of this guideline is to provide the information necessary to ensure that
FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OSHA Changes Introduction This module covers the two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids: explosion and fire. In order to prevent these hazards,
Important Ontario Fire Code Information for Building Owners in the City of Windsor This information is intended to be used a reference only. For a complete listing consult the Ontario Fire Code or contact
TYPICAL FIRE SAFETY INSPECTION VIOLATIONS The following is a list of typical violations often found by inspectors and a generic solution. You can use this list to improve the safety of your facility, to
Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario Fire Code, Part 4, and of the Regulations for
Flammable Liquids 29 CFR 1910.106 OSHA s Directorate of Training and Education These materials were developed by OSHA s Directorate of Training and Education and are intended to assist employers, workers,
A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario
A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario
OSHA REGULATION: 9 CFR 90.5 WELDING, CUTTING, AND BRAZING ( HOT WORK ) A. POLICY. This procedure follows requirements set forth in 9 CFR 90.5.. This policy applies to all Hot Work operations being done
April, 2009 1 SOP-Chem-08 1.0 Introduction This document is intended as a guide to the Queen s University requirements for handling and storing flammable and combustible material in non-laboratories areas.
Flammable and Combustible Liquids OSHA Office of Training and Education 1 Introduction The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire Safe handling and
OREGON FIRE CODE Interpretations and Technical Advisories A collaborative service by local and state fire professionals, along with our stakeholders and customers, to provide consistent and concise application
A Code Review for Emergency Generators and Indoor Use of Portable Generators By: the Fire and Life-Safety Group (FLS) Fire Code requires that emergency generators be stationary generators. Therefore, a
GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE iii GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction...vii CHAPTER 1: History and the Act... 1 History of the Act... 1 Ontario Fire Marshal and Assistants...
Heat Treating Heat Treating is a process that involves heating and cooling a solid metal or alloy in a controlled manner in order to change the physical properties of the material being heated or cooled.
Flammable and Combustible Liquids Slide 1 (of 23) Introduction The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire Safe handling and storage of flammable liquids
Ethanol Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. ethanol vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and
Purpose Scope Flammable and Combustible Liquids Flammable and combustible liquids are used in everyday operations. Flammable and combustible liquids require careful handling. Mixing and using these liquids,
Introduction Fire Protection is an organized approach designed to prevent fires. In the event of a fire, a fire protection program will help prevent or minimize personal injuries, losses, and harm to the
Winnipeg Fire Department Fire Prevention Branch Manitoba Fire Code Life-Safety Equipment Maintenance Requirements The Fire Prevention Branch of the Winnipeg Fire Department has prepared this document of
HOSPITAL NAME INSTITUTIONAL POLICY AND PROCEDURE (IPP) Department: Manual: Section: TITLE/DESCRIPTION POLICY NUMBER Handling of Flammable Material EFFECTIVE DATE REVIEW DUE REPLACES NUMBER NO. OF PAGES
STRATEGIC OUTCOMES PRACTICE TECHNICAL ADVISORY BULLETIN January 2010 MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING SAFETY Fire! Not an alarm anyone wants to hear, especially not when the fire is burning at a major fuel source.
Overview of Hotel Fire Safety Requirements in the Fire Code Susan Clarke, P.Eng. Office of the Fire Marshal - January 10, 2012 1 Agenda Regulation History - Hotels Fire Code Overview (Parts 1 to 8) Defined
Requirements for Hydrogen Storage and Use I. INTRODUCTION Fire and Life-Safety Group (FLS) The following is a summary of the fire and building code requirements for the storage and use of hydrogen. These
A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace What is static electricity? What causes it? How is it hazardous? And, most importantly, how can it be controlled? All of these questions will be answered
CHECK, TEST, INSPECT REQUIREMENTS OF THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE CHECK - Means visual observation to ensure the device or system is in place and is not obviously damaged or obstructed. TEST - Means operation
FIRE SAFETY Fire Fire is a rapid chemical reaction of oxidant with fuel accompanied by the release of energy, indicated by incandescence or flame. Chain Reaction Oxidiser Heat Fire Tetrahedron Fuel Combustion
Kern County Fire Department Fire Prevention 5642 Victor St Bakersfield, CA 93308 Phone: (661) 391-7080 Fax (661) 391-7077 Aboveground Storage Tank Motor Fuel Dispensing Permit Requirements Please include
. GENERAL WELDING AND CUTTING GUIDELINES Only authorized employees who have been properly trained shall be permitted to perform welding or cutting. Employees performing cutting or welding must wear the
FACILITY FIRE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS INSPECTION CHECKLIST Date of Inspection: Conducted by: Location: Reviewed by: Date of Review: Comments or additional corrective action taken as a result
Linn Benton Community College Hot Work Program Contents Linn Benton Community College... 1 Introduction... 3 Alternatives... 3 Prohibited Hot Work Areas... 3 Relocate... 3 Precautions... 4 LBCC s Hot Work
Purpose Responsibilities Proper Storage and use of flammable liquids can significantly reduce the possibility of accidental fires and injuries. To minimize risk to life and properly, the requirements of
BCFC Part 4 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Application: BCFC Part 4 Part 4 provides for the storage, handling, use and processing of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in buildings,, structures
Guidelines for Handling Aluminum Fines Generated During Various Aluminum Fabricating Operations F-1 Guidelines for Handling Aluminum Fines Generated During Various Aluminum Fabricating Operations SCOPE
Excerpts from the Canadian National Building Code (NBC) Reproduced here with Permission of the Copyright Owner, the National Research Council of Canada, Institute for Research in Construction. For more
Page 1 of 5 COMPRESSED GASES A compressed gas is defined as any mixture of gases in a container with a pressure exceeding 40 psi. at 70 o F, or 104 psi. at 130 o F; or any flammable liquid with an absolute
SECTION IV MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES FOR FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS SECTION IV SECTION IV MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES FOR FIRE SAFETY EQUIPMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS... Page Preface... 1 Maintenance and Inspection Schedules...
Fire Safety Plan Contents: Fire Safety Plan Introduction... ii Plan Cover Sheet... 1 Responsibility... 2 Fire Exits... 2 Portable Fire Extinguishers... 3 Emergency Evacuation Planning... 4 Fire Prevention
HSE-CS-16 TETRA Health Safety and Environmental Management System Page 1 of 6 HSE-CS-16 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 1.0 Purpose 1.1 The purpose of this (TTI) standard is to define the minimum requirements
Fire Pump Plan Review March 2010 Date of Review: / / Permit Number: Business/Building Name: Address of Project: Designer Name: Designer s Phone: Contractor: Contractor s Phone: Occupancy Classification:
Effective Spray Painting Booth/Room Provided by Harleysville s Risk Control Department 800-523-6344 ext 8100 www.harleysvillegroup.com/riskcontrol Summary A spray room or booth does not appear to be all
TO PART 4 ONTARIO FIRE CODE August 1998 MINISTR OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES OFFICE OF THE FIRE MARSHAL Additional Copies Additional copies can be purchased from: Publications Ontario
Chapter 24 PRECAUTIONS ON TANKER AND TERMINAL DURING CARGO HANDLING This Chapter provides guidance on precautions to be observed by both tanker and shore when cargo handling, ballasting, bunkering, tank
CHAPTER 37 HIGHLY TOXIC AND TOXIC MATERIALS SECTION FC 3701 GENERAL 3701.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the storage, handling and use of highly toxic and toxic materials and ozone gas generators. 1.
Hot Work Safe Operating Procedure Purpose The purpose of the Hot Work Program is to establish safety procedures for employees, contractors, and subcontractors engaging in any temporary operation involving
Revision No.: 0 Page 1 of 7 I. PURPOSE The purpose of this procedure is to establish minimum standards for safely conducting hot work tasks to help mitigate hazards that could occur during hot work operations.
GUIDELINES FOR INSTALLATION OF TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT ABOVEGROUND DIESEL FUEL TANKS FOR EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS LOCATED OUTSIDE OF BUILDINGS For Use by Unidocs Member Agencies or where approved
HOT WORK PERMIT PROGRAM TRAINING John Braun 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.2 Purpose The Hot Work Permit Program has been developed for University employees that work on or around hot work activities. This program
Sample Written Program For Flammable Liquids 1 Flammable Liquids. (YOUR COMPANY NAME) Purpose Proper Storage and use of flammable liquids can significantly reduce the possibility of accidental fires and
Static Spark Ignites Flammable Liquid during Portable Tank Filling Operation No. 2008-02-I-IA (September 2008) Key Lessons for Safe Handling and Storage of Flammables Ensure that equipment, such as fill
General Inspection FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS 1. All Floors (inspect from top floor to basement): Yes are fire exits and directional signs properly illuminated? is the emergency
EMERGENCY ACTION, EVACUATION AND FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY PROGRAM REGULATORY STANDARD: OSHA - 29CFR1910.36-29CFR1910.38-29CFR1910.157-29CFR1910.165 NFPA-10 BASIS: The OSHA Emergency Action Planning and the
BP WIND ENERGY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Document Control Details 1.0 Purpose/Scope 1.1 This procedure provides the minimum requirements to be followed for the storage of flammable or combustible materials
Health and Safety Policy Hazardous Substances UHSP/15/HS/03 Schedule 5/04 Hazardous Substances Policy Identification and Storage Arrangements for Keeping and Storage of Hazardous Substances This document
Risk information Property Flammable and combustible liquid hazards Introduction Flammable and combustible liquids represent a severe fire and explosion hazard due to their ease of ignition, rapid flame
Hot Work Permit Policy Environmental Health and Safety Department 800 West Campbell Rd., SG10 Richardson, TX 75080-3021 Phone 972-883-2381/4111 Fax 972-883-6115 http://www.utdallas.edu/ehs Modified: May
GAP.220.127.116.11 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC ESTIMATING FIRE PROTECTION WATER DEMANDS INTRODUCTION What constitutes an adequate water supply has generated much discussion over the
CASE STUDY 1 COMMISSIONING A GAS FIRED STEAM BOILER A steam boiler has been built and installed at a factory for the provision of process steam. The following lists the requirements used in the commissioning
NFPA 30-2008: Basic Requirements for Storage Tanks New York City Metro Chapter Society of Fire Protection Engineers New York, NY February 22, 2011 NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Storage
Code Requirements for ASTs at Motor Vehicle-Dispensing Stations This table compares the aboveground storage tank requirements in the 2003 edition of NFPA 30A, and the 2006 International Fire Code (IFC).
FIRE CODE INTERPRETATION February 2014 Fixed Fire Suppression Systems Non-Cooking FCI-14-04 Page 1 of 8 ISSUE: Fixed fire suppression systems are found in a number of applications, inside and outside buildings,
SMALL TO MEDIUM PREMISES Fire Risk Assessment The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Premises: Address: Telephone number: Date of Fire Risk Assessment: Person responsible for premises: Deputy person
ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 40: Chemical Lifecycle Management Chemical Storage Asset Requirements Product ID: 223 Revision ID: 1487 Date published: 20 May 2013 Date effective:
General Safety & Health Standards Published by the Division of Building Safety In Cooperation with the Idaho Industrial Commission Local Fire Alarm 064. FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS 01. Scope 02. Definitions 03.
COMMERCIAL COOKING HOODS, VENTILATION & FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES These guidelines are to be used for ALL commercial cooking hoods, ventilation systems and related fire suppression
Modular Integration of Process Equipment Packages for Oil and Gas Facilities Copyright Material PCIC Europe Paper No. PCIC Europe XXXX Allan Bozek EngWorks, Inc. 1620 49 th Avenue, SW Calgary, AB T2T 2T7
GUIDELINES FOR INSTALLATION OF TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT ABOVEGROUND DIESEL FUEL TANKS FOR EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS LOCATED OUTSIDE OF BUILDINGS For Use by Unidocs Member Agencies or where approved
Site and Storage Conditions for Class 3.1 Flammable Liquids Introduction Contents Introduction... 1 SITE AND STORAGE CONDITIONS...2 Part 1 General Flammability Conditions...2 Part 2 Conditions Relating
CHAPTER 38 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES SECTION 3801 GENERAL 3801.1 Scope. Storage, handling and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) and the installation of LP-gas equipment pertinent to systems
Activity Sheet 1.1 Fire hazards in the workplace Timing 15 minutes Look at the illustrations of the different workplaces. For each, try to identify: n three sources of fuel n three sources of ignition.
Farm Mechanization Order No. 210.510-1 Revised October 2005 FARM STORAGE AND HANDLING OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS This factsheet outlines environmental and fire-safe practices for the handling and storage of
TYPICAL HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INSPECTION VIOLATIONS The following is a list of typical violations often found by inspectors and a generic solution. You can use this list to improve the safety of your facility,
FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS The attached self-inspection form is intended for staff use at regular, frequent intervals. It should not take the place of two other vital measures
Doc Ref: PPD 04.16 Release Date: 24 January 2013 Ventilation of Dangerous Goods Chemical Storage Cabinets. Information and Guidelines. The various Australian Standards for The Storage and Handling of Chemicals
Protection against fire 9 Protection against fire Protection against fire resulting from the electrical installation and the use of the electrical installation has been necessary ever since electricity
and intent of Division B provisions 18.104.22.168.(1)-01 Not applicable 1) This Part applies to the storage of combustible products and dangerous goods, both inside and outside of buildings. (See Appendix A.)
LIFE SAFETY UPDATE FULL SPRINKLERING OF ALL NURSING FACILITIES ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATIONS Prepared by Eric Rosenbaum, P.E. Hughes Associates, Inc. The purpose of this update is as follows: Remind all state
THE FACTORIES A D OTHER PLACES OF WORK ACT (Cap 514) I EXERCISE of the powers conferred by section 41 2(k) of the Factories and other places of Work Act, the Minister for Labour and Human Resource Development
PART 1: GENERAL 1.01 Scope of Standard A. This standard provides general guidance concerning the specific preferences of The University of Texas at Austin for elevator and escalator basic requirements.
FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR CONVENTIONS, TRADE SHOWS AND EXHIBITS November 2011 COLORADO SPRINGS FIRE DEPARTMENT Division of the Fire Marshal If you have any questions or comments regarding the
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.