Temporary International Presence in Hebron

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Temporary International Presence in Hebron"

Transcription

1 Temporary International Presence in Hebron

2 About TIPH TIPH is a civilian observer mission stationed in the West Bank city of Hebron. It is an organization that was called for by the Israeli government and the Palestinian authority in 1997 to support them in their efforts to improve the situation in Hebron. TIPH monitors the situation in Hebron and records breaches of international humanitarian law, the agreements on Hebron between Israel and the Palestinian authority and human rights, in accordance with internationally recognized standards. The reports are not public. They are legally assessed and presented with questions for clarification to the Israeli Defence Forces and to the Palestinian Police Forces. TIPH follows up violations in order to receive a satisfactory answer. TIPH communicates its findings not only to the Israeli and Palestinian authorities but also to the six member states of TIPH (Norway, Italy, Switzerland, Turkey, Denmark and Sweden), which then can use diplomatic channels to widen the dialog concerning the situation in Hebron. Every six months the Israeli government and the Palestinian authority decide if they want to renew the mandate of TIPH and - accordingly - sign an extension of the agreement.

3 The two parties agreed that TIPH should be the neutral witness on the ground who monitors and reports on the situation. TIPH personnel has no military or police functions and does not intervene in disputes, incidents or activities conducted by the Israeli or Palestinian side. However, TIPH works actively to remind the parties of their obligations under the agreements and works towards problem solving through dialog with the parties. TIPH financed by its member countries.

4 What TIPH does TIPH conducts daily patrols in Hebron, both on foot and by car. The patrols monitor the situation, write reports on incidents and follow up cases. By their presence at friction points and in the streets, the patrols sometimes have a calming effect. According to the agreements, TIPH patrols have freedom of movement in the city of Hebron and can only be stopped in exceptional cases for a limited period of time only. Typical TIPH reports concern violence and harassment around settlements, shooting incidents and misconduct by police or soldiers, house searches, prolonged ID-checks and restrictions of freedom of movement. Another part of the daily work of TIPH is to support projects in the city. Even if it is not an aid organization as such TIPH encourages development and economic growth in Hebron and supports several organizations projects. The projects that TIPH supports are of various nature, but all support the idea of maintaining normal life in the city. TIPH has for instance sponsored education; health and protection projects that promote the maintenance of normal life.

5 The area TIPH is working in corresponds with the map included in the Oslo Accords from 1995, marking boundaries of responsibilities between Israeli and Palestinian authorities in Hebron. TIPH can only report on events that happen inside this area or incidents outside, which have effects in the area. TIPH relates to Hebron as one undivided city - including the settlements and the Ibrahimi Mosque / Cave of Machpela. Halhul Bridge Al-Ahli hospital TIPH HQ Hebron University Hebron Municipality Bab Al-Zawya Kiryat Arba Settlement Old Souq Ibrahimi Mosque / Cave of Machpela Industrial Zone

6 The agreements After the massacre in the Ibrahimi Mosque / Cave of Machpela on 25 February 1994, when the Jewish settler Barush Goldstein shot and killed 29 Palestinians, the UN Security Council called for an international presence in Hebron. As a part of the Oslo process representatives from the PLO and the state of Israel signed the first agreement on a presence of international observers in March The current Temporary International Presence in Hebron was agreed upon in January 1997 after the signing of the Protocol for the Redeployment in Hebron.

7 The following agreements have been signed regarding Hebron and TIPH: Oslo I agreement, 13 September An international presence in Hebron is outlined. UN Security Council Resolution 904, 18 March Condemns the massacre in the Ibrahimi Mosque and calls for an international presence. Oslo II agreement, 28 September Article VII of Annex I specifically deals with the situation in Hebron and a number of solutions are agreed upon. Protocol for the Redeployment in Hebron, 17 January This document regulates the division of security responsibility in Hebron and both sides commit to maintain normal life in Hebron for all. Agreement on the Temporary International Presence in the City of Hebron, 21 January 1997, states the mandate of TIPH and how the organization works. Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of a Temporary International Presence in Hebron, 30 January 1997, states the mandate and is signed by the contributing countries and agreed to by the parties. The agreements can be found at the TIPH web site

8 A brief history Hebron is a holy city for the Jewish, Muslim and Christian faiths. It is also known as the city of the Patriarchs. Abraham is believed to have lived in Hebron around 1800 BC. Both his and his wife Sarah s graves are found under the Ibrahimi Mosque / Cave of Machpela in the old town of Hebron. Since the 16th century there was a Jewish community in Hebron, living side by side with the Palestinians. In August 1929, during

9 the British mandate period, approximately 67 of the city s Jewish population were massacred. The British police evacuated the surviving Jewish population. After the war of 1948, Hebron came under Jordanian rule which lasted until the war of 1967 when Hebron was occupied by the Israeli army.

10 Since 1968 there is a Jewish settler community in Hebron. Today approximately 500 settlers live in different settlements in the old city centre and another 7000 live in bigger settlements on the outskirts of the city. Today Hebron is the largest industrial city in the West Bank with over inhabitants. Since TIPH was agreed upon, following the massacre of 1994, the situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and in the region has deteriorated significantly. Several points in the agreements of 1997 have been breached since the first signing of the documents. Also the work of TIPH has been interfered with in different ways during the years. In the Oslo agreement the city was divided in two areas: Area H1 was controlled by the Palestinians and area H2 controlled by the Israelis. Violence escalated in the city during the second Intifada, with daily clashes and attacks from both Palestinian and Israeli sides. In April 2002 IDF took full control of the entire city. Permanent watchtowers were constructed in area H1 in Since then the Israeli army operates over the entire area in violation of the agreements. More than 100 roadblocks, fences, walls and checkpoints are put up in the city center around the settlements and the access roads to them. This separates the Jewish settlers and the Palestinian residents. Furthermore it severely hampers the freedom of movement. Due to the restrictions and violence surrounding the settlements as well as prolonged curfews, large areas of the old city are deserted. Several main shopping streets are closed by military order.

11

12 The observers TIPH has members from Norway, Italy, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland and Turkey. The mission members have various backgrounds, some are police or military officers, others academics and specialists in different fields. There are both Arabic speakers and Hebrew speakers working for TIPH. Both men and women serve in TIPH for periods between 6 and 18 months. All members are sent to Hebron and TIPH by their country s foreign ministry. They are here as civilian observers on the request of the Israeli government and the Palestinian authority. TIPH members have special status and immunities and cannot be searched or arrested. TIPH members wear uniform in order to be easily recognized and visible. The cars TIPH uses are clearly marked on all sides with the red and white emblem of TIPH.

13

14 Contact TIPH Web site: Telephone: Fax: Visiting address: Al-Zagal Building Al-Medina Al-Munawwara St. Ras Al-Joura, Hebron Postal address: TIPH P.O. Box Jerusalem Press and Information Office:

15

16

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL An animation of drawings by Palestinian children experiencing nightmares, drawn in a psycho-educational program for children exposed to violent conflict NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL Why these images? An

More information

Arab-Israeli Conflict Map Analysis Activity

Arab-Israeli Conflict Map Analysis Activity Arab-Israeli Conflict Map Analysis Activity Look at the maps of Israel and Palestine from 1517 to 2003. What can we learn about history from looking at these maps? What questions do you have as a result

More information

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab-Israeli Conflict I. Palestine & Israel Jewish view: God promised land to Jews (1700 BCE) Jewish Diasporas (scattering) occurred 586 BCE: Destruction of Solomon s Temple 70 CE: Destruction of the Second

More information

Conclusion. Based on the current growth rate, the settler population will double to nearly 900,000 in just 12 years.

Conclusion. Based on the current growth rate, the settler population will double to nearly 900,000 in just 12 years. As the preceding chapters demonstrate, settlements and other Israeli infrastructure have a profound impact on Palestinian life. They deprive Palestinians of access to land and limit their ability to move

More information

NO ASSOCIATION WITH OCCUPATION SUSPEND THE EU-ISRAEL ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT

NO ASSOCIATION WITH OCCUPATION SUSPEND THE EU-ISRAEL ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT NO ASSOCIATION WITH OCCUPATION SUSPEND THE EU-ISRAEL ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT THE EU-ISRAEL ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT Entering into force in 2000, the EU-Israel Association Agreement is the main treaty regarding

More information

Reporting period: 10-16 November 2015

Reporting period: 10-16 November 2015 Reporting period: 1-16 November 15 Weekly Highlights Latest Developments (outside of the reporting period): In two separate incidents on 1 November, according to initial media reports, a Palestinian stabbed

More information

Kifl Hares village Profile

Kifl Hares village Profile Kifl Hares village Profile Location of village:25 km south of Nablus. North of Salfit and Ramallah: If I could fly from Kifl Haris, I would reach England before I reached Nablus, 25 km away, Fathi Hussein

More information

A Brief Timeline of the Israeli / Palestinian Conflict

A Brief Timeline of the Israeli / Palestinian Conflict A Brief Timeline of the Israeli / Palestinian Conflict These notes are not exhaustive but are a mere sketch of the origins of the conflict, some of the major events and outcomes. The quote below is taken

More information

UNITED NATIONS LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE

UNITED NATIONS LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE UNITED NATIONS LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE The urgency of realizing a two-state solution Montevideo, 29 and 30 March 2011 CHECK AGAINST DELIVERY OPENING

More information

Occupation 101: Voices of the Silenced Majority (90 minutes) (2007)

Occupation 101: Voices of the Silenced Majority (90 minutes) (2007) Occupation 101: Voices of the Silenced Majority (90 minutes) (2007) Watch Occupation 101. A copy of the DVD is included in the Teaching Trunk. Alternatively, you can watch it on youtube with your students:

More information

International Human Rights Day and Issues of Palestine & Kashmir

International Human Rights Day and Issues of Palestine & Kashmir PO Box: 562, F-7, Islamabad, Pakistan Phone: +92 51 2514555 Email: info@muslim-institute.org www.muslim-institute.org Round Table Discussion on International Human Rights Day and Issues of Palestine &

More information

www.ochaopt.org United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

www.ochaopt.org United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory In the Spotlight opt AREA C Vulnerability Profile The Vulnerability Profile Project (VPP), launched in 013, is an inter-agency exercise designed to identify vulnerabilities in Area C 1. This feature provides

More information

The survey found a majority of both Israelis and Palestinians supported the peace plan that was presented to them: don t know/refuse

The survey found a majority of both Israelis and Palestinians supported the peace plan that was presented to them: don t know/refuse 245 East 92 nd Street 1 New York, NY 10128 Tel: (212) 534-4000 Fax: (212) 360 7423 Mark Douglas Schoen Michael EXECUTIVE SUMMARY We conducted a survey on behalf of the International Crisis Group and the

More information

Nationalistic Movements in SW Asia/Middle East

Nationalistic Movements in SW Asia/Middle East Nationalistic Movements in SW Asia/Middle East Dates of Independence for Nations of SW Asia/Middle East Nationalistic issues of Palestinian Arabs remain unresolved Ottoman Empire Falls Ottoman empire begins

More information

Israel and Palestine. Current Issues of Public International Law Overview Statehood Westbank Gaza Jerusalem and Golan-heights Iran

Israel and Palestine. Current Issues of Public International Law Overview Statehood Westbank Gaza Jerusalem and Golan-heights Iran Dr. Robert Frau 2015 Current Issues of Public International Law Overview Statehood Westbank Gaza Jerusalem and Golan-heights Iran Dr. Robert Frau, 2015, S. 2 Israel Territory People Power Dr. Robert Frau,

More information

PRESS RELEASE Joint Israeli Palestinian Poll, December 2014

PRESS RELEASE Joint Israeli Palestinian Poll, December 2014 האוניברסיטה העברית ירושלים המכון למחקר ע"ש הרי ס. טרומן למען קידום השלום The Hebrew University of Jerusalem The Harry S. Truman Research Institute For the Advancement of Peace טל': 02-5882300/1 פקס: 02-5828076

More information

Solidarity Declaration on Palestine

Solidarity Declaration on Palestine Original: English 16 th Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Movement Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran 26-31 August 2012 Solidarity Declaration on Palestine 1. The Heads of State or

More information

Palestinian Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI): A Teacher s Guide

Palestinian Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI): A Teacher s Guide Palestinian Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI): A Teacher s Guide By Moshe Abelesz, The Lookstein Center I. Background Information, 1937-1949 In the Middle East there are two peoples struggling

More information

Diakonia position paper on Israel/Palestine

Diakonia position paper on Israel/Palestine Diakonia position paper on Israel/Palestine P A G E 1 of (12) D A T E 04/12/2013 A U T H O R Diakonia The Israeli wall is to 85% built illegally inside the occupied Palestinian territory, dividing Palestinians

More information

Oslo Accords 1993. Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements:

Oslo Accords 1993. Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements: Oslo Accords 1993 Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements: The Government of the State of Israel and the PLO team (in the Jordanian- Palestinian delegation to the Middle East

More information

JERUSALEM: FROM CONFLICT TO COMPROMISE? An Abstract by Moshe Ma oz

JERUSALEM: FROM CONFLICT TO COMPROMISE? An Abstract by Moshe Ma oz JERUSALEM: FROM CONFLICT TO COMPROMISE? An Abstract by Moshe Ma oz The Old City of Jerusalem, about one square kilometer in size, is the only site in the universe that has always been sacred to all three

More information

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT THE ROUTLEDGE ATLAS OF THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT 8th Edition Martin Gilbert J Routledge j j j ^ ^ Taylor&.Francis Group LONDON AND NEW YORK Maps PART ONE: PRELUDE TO CONFLICT 1 The Jews of Palestine before

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 United Nations S/RES/1674 (2006) Security Council Distr.: General 28 April 2006 Resolution 1674 (2006) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 The Security Council, Reaffirming

More information

Response on behalf of the State Attorney s Office

Response on behalf of the State Attorney s Office In the Supreme Court HCJ 9594/03 sitting as the High Court of Justice B Tselem et al. represented by attorneys Stein et al. The Petitioners v. Judge Advocate General represented by the State Attorney s

More information

Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué

Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué 30.06.2012 1. On 30 June 2012, the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the League of Arab States, the Foreign Ministers of China, France, Russia, United

More information

Israel/Palestine: A Lesson Plan for Understanding the Middle East Conflict

Israel/Palestine: A Lesson Plan for Understanding the Middle East Conflict Israel/Palestine: A Lesson Plan for Understanding the Middle East Conflict In recent years, a significant international debate has emerged as to whether the state of Israel is violating basic international

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 United Nations S/RES/1896 (2009) Security Council Distr.: General 30 November 2009 Resolution 1896 (2009) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 The Security Council,

More information

Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland.

Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland. Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland. Background on terrorist organizations: A global threat, every object is a target, infinite number of targets. Terrorist

More information

Status of Reparation Complaints submitted to the Israeli Authorities by PCHR on behalf of Palestinian Victims of Operation Cast Lead

Status of Reparation Complaints submitted to the Israeli Authorities by PCHR on behalf of Palestinian Victims of Operation Cast Lead Palestinian Centre for Human Rights Status of Reparation Complaints submitted to the Israeli Authorities by PCHR on behalf of Palestinian Victims of Operation Cast Lead Memorandum presented to the UN Special

More information

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 The Security Council, Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and

More information

Life Under Occupation

Life Under Occupation Life Under Occupation Middle East Resource Spring 2010 The Siege on Palestinian Life Introduction In the occupied Palestinian territories (opt) 1, nearly every facet of life is controlled by Israeli military

More information

Lecture Outline. Middle East & North Africa. History of Islam. Facts of Islam (p.175-6) More Facts of Islam

Lecture Outline. Middle East & North Africa. History of Islam. Facts of Islam (p.175-6) More Facts of Islam Lecture Outline Middle East & North Africa May 13, 2010 GEOG 1982 Islam History & Facts Distribution Veiling Political Islam Middle East 20 th century history Arab Israeli Conflict Northern Africa History

More information

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE The two-state solution: a key prerequisite for achieving peace and stability in the Middle East Moscow, 1 and 2 July 2015 CHECK

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Level 2 Social Studies, 2014

Level 2 Social Studies, 2014 2 91281R Level 2 Social Studies, 2014 91281 Describe how cultural conflict(s) can be addressed 9.30 am Friday 28 November 2014 Credits: Four RESOURCE BOOKLET Refer to this booklet to complete the task

More information

State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013

State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013 State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013 This report documents the impact of the ongoing Israel-imposed siege on Palestinian civilians, which affects their economic and social conditions.

More information

Executive Board Hundred and ninety-ninth session

Executive Board Hundred and ninety-ninth session Executive Board Hundred and ninety-ninth session 199 EX/PX/DR.19.1 Rev. PARIS, 11 April 2016 Original: English PROGRAMME AND EXTERNAL RELATIONS COMMISSION (PX) Item 19 OCCUPIED PALESTINE DRAFT DECISION

More information

Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Request for advisory opinion)

Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Request for advisory opinion) INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE Peace Palace, Carnegieplein 2, 2517 KJ The Hague, Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)70 302 2323 Fax: +31 (0)70 364 9928 Website: www.icj-cij.org Summary Not an official document Summary

More information

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief & Development Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery The security transition in Afghanistan is entering its final phase in 2014, with partial withdrawal

More information

The IHFFC at 25 Reflecting on Our History and Moving Forward April 2016

The IHFFC at 25 Reflecting on Our History and Moving Forward April 2016 The IHFFC at 25 Reflecting on Our History and Moving Forward April 2016 Introduction: With the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (hereinafter IHFFC ) celebrating its 25 th anniversary,

More information

The powers of an OP are limited by international law. In particular, the OP may take measures only for certain purposes:

The powers of an OP are limited by international law. In particular, the OP may take measures only for certain purposes: Expert Opinion: Limits of the right of expropriation (requisition) and of movement restrictions in occupied territory Submitted by Michael Bothe Dr.jur. Professor emeritus of international law, J.W. Goethe

More information

Forced Displacement. In Palestine and Israel

Forced Displacement. In Palestine and Israel Forced Displacement In Palestine and Israel On June 27 th, 2013 the Israeli Civil Administration* in the West Bank issued 34 demolition orders against Palestinian homes and buildings in the village of

More information

Major Agreements of the Oslo Peace Process

Major Agreements of the Oslo Peace Process Major Agreements of the Oslo Peace Process Seven years - from the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government to the outbreak of the second Intifada t Beginning a Peace Process During the 1991

More information

The Flanders Fields Conference of Military Law and the Law of War ISMLLW. Loss of protection of medical personnel in armed conflict

The Flanders Fields Conference of Military Law and the Law of War ISMLLW. Loss of protection of medical personnel in armed conflict The Flanders Fields Conference of Military Law and the Law of War ISMLLW Loss of protection of medical personnel in armed conflict VAIOS KOUTROULIS Professeur assistant, International Law Centre, Law Faculty,

More information

Minister of Defense MK Moshe Yaalon Fax: +972-2-6496117

Minister of Defense MK Moshe Yaalon Fax: +972-2-6496117 Attention: Yehuda Weinstein, Esq. Attorney General of Israel Fax: +972-2-6467001 Minister of Defense MK Moshe Yaalon Fax: +972-2-6496117 IDF Military Advocate General By fax:+972-3-5694526 22 July 2014

More information

Country plan 2011-2015

Country plan 2011-2015 Country plan 2011-2015 The Occupied Palestinian Territory with Israel and faith-based organisations in the Middle East Date: 29.10.2010 Contact information: Name Resident Representative: Liv Steimoeggen

More information

Law Enforcement upon IDF Soldiers in in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Law Enforcement upon IDF Soldiers in in the Occupied Palestinian Territory P.O.Box P.O.Box 50304 50304 Tel Tel Aviv Tel Aviv 6150201 Aviv 6150201 Tel. Tel. 972-3-5268683 Tel. Fax. Fax. 972-3-5268683 Fax. info@yesh-din.org www.yesh-din.org Data Data Sheet, Sheet, September 2014

More information

Frequently Asked Questions: Divestment

Frequently Asked Questions: Divestment Frequently Asked Questions: Divestment The 221st General Assembly (2014) of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved a measure recommending that the Board of Pensions, the Foundation, and its members

More information

CARE International- WEST BANK & GAZA JOB DESCRIPTION. Please Check One: New Revised No Changes

CARE International- WEST BANK & GAZA JOB DESCRIPTION. Please Check One: New Revised No Changes CARE International- WEST BANK & GAZA JOB DESCRIPTION Please Check One: New Revised No Changes Position Title: Safety & Security Officer Reports To: Country Director # of Direct Reports : 0 # of Indirect

More information

- Safety of journalists -

- Safety of journalists - - Safety of journalists - Recommendations by Reporters Without Borders Various UN bodies have adopted resolutions in the past eight years including Security Council Resolution 1738 in 2006 and General

More information

Conflicts Middle East

Conflicts Middle East Conflicts Middle East Video Clip-Conflicts- Middle East Persian Gulf War Arab-Israeli War- Israel s War for Independence Sequence of Events Activity First, find a partner Second, empty the contents and

More information

Draft UNGA 68 th Session (7 November 2013) Agenda Item 51 United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Draft UNGA 68 th Session (7 November 2013) Agenda Item 51 United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) Draft UNGA 68 th Session (7 November 2013) Agenda Item 51 United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency

More information

Topic B: Human Rights Violations in the Israel/Palestine Conflict

Topic B: Human Rights Violations in the Israel/Palestine Conflict Topic B: Human Rights Violations in the Israel/Palestine Conflict Human Rights Council By: Skylar Wilson Introduction The conflict between Israel and Palestine has been occurring for nearly 70 years, and

More information

How did European involvement in Southwest Asia impact the region after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire?

How did European involvement in Southwest Asia impact the region after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire? How did European involvement in Southwest Asia impact the region after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire? A. Many Europeans emigrated to Southwest Asia B. Countries in Southwest Asia modeled their governments

More information

CAAC Bulletin January 2013 Children Affected by Armed Conflict

CAAC Bulletin January 2013 Children Affected by Armed Conflict Since 2007, a UNICEF-led working group has consolidated efforts to report on the impacts of armed conflict on children in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory (opt). The bulletin is published

More information

Civilian deaths in Gaza conflict are not automatically a war crime

Civilian deaths in Gaza conflict are not automatically a war crime University of Wollongong Research Online Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts 2014 Civilian deaths in Gaza conflict are not automatically a war crime

More information

Ensuring Civilian Protection in Chad:

Ensuring Civilian Protection in Chad: February 2007 Number 1 Ensuring Civilian Protection in Chad: The Proposed UN Mission Summary... 1 Context...3 Requirements for the Proposed UN Mission in Chad...5 The Mandate...5 The Military and Protection...

More information

EU Middle East policy - Forty years since the Yom Kippur War

EU Middle East policy - Forty years since the Yom Kippur War EU Middle East policy - Forty years since the Yom Kippur War Open Letter to Baroness Ashton (EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) and the EU Foreign Affairs Council concerning

More information

Jerusalem. Issues and Perspectives

Jerusalem. Issues and Perspectives Jerusalem Issues and Perspectives A dossier prepared as background material for World Week for Peace in Palestine Israel 29 May 4 June 2011 Editorial Comment Jerusalem is, perhaps, the most contentious

More information

HISTORY OF THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

HISTORY OF THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT HISTORY OF THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT The history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict has a convenient elasticity; it changes dramatically depending on who is telling it and where they start the

More information

Prayers for Jerusalem and the Holy Land Sunday

Prayers for Jerusalem and the Holy Land Sunday E L C I C Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada In Mission for Others Prayers for Jerusalem and the Holy Land Sunday Members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada and the Anglican Church of Canada

More information

One Year after the Disengagement : Gaza still Occupied and under Attack

One Year after the Disengagement : Gaza still Occupied and under Attack One Year after the Disengagement : Gaza still Occupied and under Attack [Disengagement] supplies the amount of formaldehyde that is necessary so there will not be a political process with the Palestinians

More information

Central Wholesale Markets in the West Bank Study summary

Central Wholesale Markets in the West Bank Study summary Central Wholesale Markets in the West Bank Study summary 1. Introduction Central wholesale markets for agricultural products are available throughout the governorates of the West Bank; reaching up to 11

More information

199 EX/33 page 7. Occupied Palestine 2 (199 EX/19)

199 EX/33 page 7. Occupied Palestine 2 (199 EX/19) 199 EX/33 page 7 Item 19 Occupied Palestine 2 (199 EX/19) 10. After considering this item, the Programme and External Relations Commission recommended that the Executive Board adopt the following draft

More information

A Dangerous Journey:

A Dangerous Journey: A Dangerous Journey: Settler Violence Against Palestinian Schoolchildren Under Israeli Military Escort 2006-2008 South Hebron Hills, Palestine Some of the Children of Maghaer al-abeed and Tuba 2 Contents

More information

2. Economic characteristics

2. Economic characteristics Executive Summary of a study on Palestinian wage workers in Israeli settlements in the West Bank Characteristics and Work Circumstances, prepared in 2011 by Dr. Majid Sbeih, Associate Professor in Economics

More information

Provisional. 17 March 2011. Original: English

Provisional. 17 March 2011. Original: English United Nations S/2011/142 Security Council Provisional 17 March 2011 Original: English France: draft resolution The Security Council, Recalling its resolution 1970 (2011) of 26 February 2011, Deploring

More information

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE The role of youth and women in the peaceful resolution of the question of Palestine UNESCO Headquarters, Paris 30 and 31 May 2012 CHECK

More information

International Mechanisms for Promoting Freedom of Expression JOINT DECLARATION ON CRIMES AGAINST FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

International Mechanisms for Promoting Freedom of Expression JOINT DECLARATION ON CRIMES AGAINST FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION International Mechanisms for Promoting Freedom of Expression JOINT DECLARATION ON CRIMES AGAINST FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION The United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the

More information

Palestine HUMANITARIAN CRISES ANALYSIS 2016

Palestine HUMANITARIAN CRISES ANALYSIS 2016 Palestine HUMANITARIAN CRISES ANALYSIS 2016 Each year, Sida conducts a humanitarian allocation exercise in which a large part of its humanitarian budget is allocated to emergencies worldwide. This allocation

More information

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL UNITED HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in March, 2006 and is the successor to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which was often criticized for the

More information

Aftermath of the 1967 War: Israel and the West Bank and Gaza

Aftermath of the 1967 War: Israel and the West Bank and Gaza Aftermath of the 1967 War: Israel and the West Bank and Gaza Rationale and Goals Israel 101: Pages 16-17 The 1967 War was a watershed event in the Middle East. Israel successfully defended itself against

More information

Letter dated 27 August 2015 from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council

Letter dated 27 August 2015 from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council United Nations S/2015/669 Security Council Distr.: General 27 August 2015 Original: English Letter dated 27 August 2015 from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council On 7 August 2015,

More information

Presentation on Military Chaplaincy GS 1776. Supporting Papers for:

Presentation on Military Chaplaincy GS 1776. Supporting Papers for: GS 1776 Presentation on Military Chaplaincy Supporting Papers for: The Naval Chaplaincy Service The Royal Army Chaplains Department The Royal Air Force Chaplains Branch The Naval Chaplaincy Service To

More information

International Justice and the Prevention of Atrocities. ECFR background paper, November

International Justice and the Prevention of Atrocities. ECFR background paper, November International Justice and the Prevention of Atrocities Case Study: Goldstone and After Judicial Intervention and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East by Anthony Dworkin ECFR background paper, November

More information

A PERFORMANCE-BASED ROADMAP TO A PERMANENT TWO-STATE SOLUTION TO THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

A PERFORMANCE-BASED ROADMAP TO A PERMANENT TWO-STATE SOLUTION TO THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT A PERFORMANCE-BASED ROADMAP TO A PERMANENT TWO-STATE SOLUTION TO THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT The following is a performance-based and goal-driven roadmap, with clear phases, timelines, target dates,

More information

Peace Agreements Digital Collection

Peace Agreements Digital Collection Peace Agreements Digital Collection Aceh (Indonesia) >> Cessation of Hostilities Cessation of Hostilities Framework Agreement Between Government of the Republic of Indonesia And the Free Acheh Movement

More information

14 Common Myths about the Palestine/ Israel Conflict

14 Common Myths about the Palestine/ Israel Conflict 14 Common Myths about the Palestine/ Israel Conflict Prepared by G.H. Schramm Myth #1: The Problem is Insoluble Fact: The problem is far from insoluble. As President Carter s two books (Peace, Not Apartheid,

More information

Separate and Unequal H U M A N R I G H T S W A T C H. Israel s Discriminatory Treatment of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

Separate and Unequal H U M A N R I G H T S W A T C H. Israel s Discriminatory Treatment of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories Israel/Occupied Palestinian Territories Separate and Unequal Israel s Discriminatory Treatment of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories H U M A N R I G H T S W A T C H Separate and Unequal

More information

Children in Israeli Military Detention Observations and Recommendations

Children in Israeli Military Detention Observations and Recommendations Children in Israeli Military Detention Observations and Recommendations Bulletin No. 2: February 2015 UNICEF 1. Introduction Since March 2013, UNICEF has been engaging in a dialogue with the Israeli authorities

More information

Report by France on the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict 1954 Hague Convention

Report by France on the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict 1954 Hague Convention Report by France on the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict 1954 Hague Convention (April 2010) This report presents the measures taken

More information

Memorandum of Understanding. between. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark. and. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq

Memorandum of Understanding. between. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark. and. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Denmark

More information

Advanced Unedited Version

Advanced Unedited Version Advanced Unedited Version Human Rights Council Twenty-second session Agenda item 7 Human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories Report of the independent international fact-finding

More information

Report of the Middle East Quartet

Report of the Middle East Quartet Report of the Middle East Quartet At its meeting in Munich on 12 February 2016, the Middle East Quartet reiterated its concern that current trends are imperiling the viability of the two-state solution.

More information

Means of Personal Identification

Means of Personal Identification ADVISORY SERVICE ON INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW Means of Personal Identification In order to apply international humanitarian law it is essential to identify combatants and protected persons. The 1949

More information

Check against delivery

Check against delivery United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict Statement by Richard Goldstone on behalf of the Members of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict before the Human Rights

More information

Israel/Palestine does recognising both states make a difference? Sir Vincent Fean KCVO, former Consul General to Jerusalem

Israel/Palestine does recognising both states make a difference? Sir Vincent Fean KCVO, former Consul General to Jerusalem Israel/Palestine does recognising both states make a difference? Sir Vincent Fean KCVO, former Consul General to Jerusalem Text of LMEI Lecture at SOAS - Tuesday 20 January 2015 My deep thanks for the

More information

War, Peace and International Relations in Contemporary Islam:

War, Peace and International Relations in Contemporary Islam: The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Established by the Charles H. Revson Foundation War, Peace and International Relations in Contemporary Islam: Muslim Scholars on Peace-Treaty with Israel Yitzhak

More information

Profile. Jerusalem University College

Profile. Jerusalem University College Profile Jerusalem University College 6 Profile History Located on Mount Zion, adjacent to the southwest corner of the Old City wall, Jerusalem University College had its beginnings as the Institute of

More information

report Palestinian Children and Military Detention

report Palestinian Children and Military Detention report Palestinian Children and Military Detention report palestinian children and military detention This document is the English translation of a report that was originally published report palestinian

More information

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Lesson in Perspective

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Lesson in Perspective The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Lesson in Perspective Created by: MaryLynne Fillmon Fulbright- Hays Summer Seminar Abroad: Egypt and Israel Summer 2007 Designed for use in a one- year World History

More information

Chapter X. Consideration of the provisions of Chapter VI of the Charter 07-63109

Chapter X. Consideration of the provisions of Chapter VI of the Charter 07-63109 Chapter X Consideration of the provisions of Chapter VI of the Charter 1067 Contents Introductory note............................................................... 1069 Part I. Referral of disputes and

More information

Republika e Kosovës Republika Kosovo-Republic of Kosovo Kuvendi - Skupština - Assembly

Republika e Kosovës Republika Kosovo-Republic of Kosovo Kuvendi - Skupština - Assembly Republika e Kosovës Republika Kosovo-Republic of Kosovo Kuvendi - Skupština - Assembly Law No. 03/L-065 ON INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF THE STATE BORDER The Assembly of Republic of Kosovo, On the

More information

Failing to Make the Grade

Failing to Make the Grade A Palestinian boy grazes his sheep in Haddidya, which lies in the central part of the Jordan Valley and is surrounded by settlements. The sheep are not allowed to graze past these stones. Photo by Simon

More information

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE STATEMENT OF CIVILIAN PERSONNEL POLICY INSURANCE, ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES COMPENSATION WHILE OVERSEAS

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE STATEMENT OF CIVILIAN PERSONNEL POLICY INSURANCE, ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES COMPENSATION WHILE OVERSEAS POSITIVE ABOUT DISAB LED PEOPLE MINISTRY OF DEFENCE STATEMENT OF CIVILIAN PERSONNEL POLICY INSURANCE, ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES COMPENSATION WHILE OVERSEAS Version: 1.0-2012 Effective date: 06 February 2012

More information

Re: Reported Increase in Civilian Casualties Resulting from U.S Operations in Afghanistan

Re: Reported Increase in Civilian Casualties Resulting from U.S Operations in Afghanistan April 19, 2016 General John W. Nicholson Commander, Operation Resolute Support 7115 South Boundary Boulevard MacDill AFB, FL 33621-5101 Re: Reported Increase in Civilian Casualties Resulting from U.S Operations

More information

NOBODY KNOWS WHAT S HAPPENING IN MY HOUSE. I M THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN FEEL MY PAIN (quotation from a Mazocruz woman from Puno, Peru)

NOBODY KNOWS WHAT S HAPPENING IN MY HOUSE. I M THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN FEEL MY PAIN (quotation from a Mazocruz woman from Puno, Peru) Design by Ultimatum Design Legal rights and help for those who are subjected to criminal acts in Norway If you have been subjected to criminal acts in the form of physical and/or psychological violence,

More information

Removal of Checkpoints in the West Bank

Removal of Checkpoints in the West Bank Access and Movement The situation in the West Bank today regarding access and movement has changed dramatically since the days of the Second Intifada. Two major factors contributed to this change: the

More information

EU Trade with Israeli Settlements

EU Trade with Israeli Settlements The Middle East Conflict BRIEFING PAPER EU Trade with Israeli Settlements In the Briefing Paper 1. Background information on Israeli settlements in the OPT 2. EU trade with settlements 3. EU legislation

More information

A Six-Day War: Its Aftermath in American Public Opinion

A Six-Day War: Its Aftermath in American Public Opinion A Six-Day War: Its Aftermath in American Public Opinion For 40 years, public opinion has consistently favored Israel over the Palestinians by Robert Ruby, Senior Editor, Pew Forum on Religion & Public

More information