An introduction to the Global Network of Regional/Specialized Satellite Centers (R/SSC) on Climate Monitoring

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1 An introduction to the Global Network of Regional/Specialized Satellite Centers (R/SSC) on Climate Monitoring Lothar Schüller EUMETSAT Slide: 1

2 1. Introduction and Background 2. Goals of the Global R/SSC-CM Network 3. Implementation 4. Main functions 5. Benefits 6. Components 7. Phasing 8. EUMETSAT s contribution 9. Next steps Slide: 2

3 Introduction and Background Climate is a global phenomenon, observation of global climate should be a common responsibility of global partners. Global climate monitoring depends on: continuous and sustained observation from Space Products derived from such satellite data records Global Climate Observing System GCOS: Slide: 3 Mission: To ensure availability of climate information for climate change detection, climate system modelling, application to sustainable development Established Climate Monitoring Principles (GCMP) towards delivery of global, long-term, high quality, sustainable and reliable climate products GCOS Implementation Plan GIP called for: orderly process for sustained operation of research-based networks and systems for Essential Climate Variables (EVCs)

4 Introduction and Background Satellite data: GCOS defined 35 Essential Climate Variables based on Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDR) Recommendation to: ensure and encourage the generation of, and access to, products based on satellite climate data records Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) addresses the need for more accurate observation for operational climate monitoring: Endorsed by CGMS, Implementation Plan issued, started operations in 2007 Will enable to generate Fundamental Climate Data Records from satellite observations and basis for further analysis and operational climate monitoring Slide: 4

5 Introduction and Background History: 1. SAF Network discussions 2. Towards the R/SSC-CM concept 3. Implementation Plan preparation 1. SAF Network discussions 1 st workshop with EUMETSAT, SAFs, WMO, GCOS on the contribution to GCOS (Hamburg July 2004) on Climate Monitoring (Darmstadt October 2004) 2 nd workshop with EUMETSAT, SAFs, WMO, GCOS on the contribution to GCOS, including participation from NOAA, Russia, JMA. Slide: 5

6 Introduction and Background History (continued): 2. Concept paper The concept of Regional / Specialized Satellite Centres (R/SSC) was first discussed at WMO Consultative Meetings On High-level Policy On Satellite Matters CM-6 in January Further discussions at CM-7 in January 2007 where EUMETSAT presented a proposal for a high level concept of a global network of R/SSCs on Climate Monitoring. Workshop held with potential contributors (CMA, EUMETSAT, JMA, NOAA, CEOS), WMO Space Programme and GCOS in Darmstadt March 2007 to refine the concept. GCOS/WCRP Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate fully endorsed the concept and the overall structure of a R/SSC-CM and recommended the appropriate incorporation into the WMO structure Slide: 6

7 Introduction and Background 3. Implementation Plan 16 May 2007 Meeting of with potential contributors (CMA, EUMETSAT, JMA, Canada), WMO Space Programme and GCOS in Geneva, agreement on outline of the R/SSC-CM Implementation Plan. Updated Implementation Plan by EUMETSAT and issued in August 2007 Discussion of the draft Implementation Plan and generally supported by ET-SUB (September 2007) and CGMS-35 (November 2007) 2nd potential participants meeting in Cocoa Beach, November (CEOS, CMA, EUMETSAT, GCOS, JAXA, JMA, NOAA, USGS and WMO). Agreement of final Implementation Plan, assessing the initial contributions and securing their commitment. EUMETSAT was nominated as interim Secretariat. Implementation Plan 1.0 presented and discussed at GEO Ministerial Summit November 2007 and at CM-8 15 January Slide: 7

8 Goals of the Global Network of R/SSC-CM Aim: to address the requirements of GCOS in a costeffective, coordinated manner, capitalising upon the existing expertise and infrastructures. Overall objective: continuous and sustained provision of high-quality Essential Climate Variables satellite products on a global scale Slide: 8

9 Goals of the Global Network of R/SSC-CM Response to several cross-cutting needs identified by GCOS: Development of modern distributed data services Ensure that data policies facilitate the exchange and archiving of all ECV products, associated metadata and ancillary data Generate homogeneous derived products from FCDRs Sustain reprocessing derive improved products when FCDRs or generation methods improve Sustain the independent generation of derived products as a mean to determine the confidence level of products and trends Intensify efforts to further develop emerging operational capabilities for research-based variables Slide: 9

10 Implementation The R/SSC-CM Network will be: Based on activities of existing initiatives (GOS, GCOS and GSICS) Build upon existing operational infrastructures Serve users and other organisations (e.g. WMO Regional Climate Centres RCC, National Weather Services) Satellites and Sensors Satellite Data Fundamental Climate Data Records FCDRs ECV satellite products Users and Organisations Users Users Global Observing System GOS Global Satellite Inter-Calibration System GSICS Global Network of Regional Specialized Satellite Centres on Climate Monitoring RSSC-CM Slide: 10

11 Main Functions R/SSC-CM main functions: 1.Production 2.Support 3.Coordination Slide: 11

12 Main Functions 1. Production functions: Slide: 12 Generate and make available FCDRs which provide the basis for ECV satellite products Generate and make available ECV consistent high quality ECV satellite products, in the assigned area of responsibility, by using state of the art algorithms, bearing in mind the GCOS Climate Monitoring Principles Archiving and dissemination of products and metadata in agreed formats Conduct validation and inter-comparison studies Contribute to reanalysis and reprocessing of historical satellite data records Generate documentation of algorithms, datasets and validation results

13 Main Functions 2. Support functions Conduct necessary research for continuously improving algorithms and the scientific interpretation of products (Scientific Stewardship) and to develop new products filling gaps Provide user services and training Seek user interaction and feedback 3. Coordination Exchange of information, data and algorithms among the centres and with users Standardization (Formats, Projections, Definitions) Interaction with other bodies (most importantly with the WMO Space Programme, GCOS, GSICS, satellite operators, research institutes) Slide: 13

14 Benefits Monitoring of the evolving coverage in terms of space and in terms of climate relevant parameters (ECVs), Facilitated identification of gaps in satellite observing systems, satellite-based climate datasets and derived products, and mechanism to close them, Increased effectiveness in routinely generating derived climate products by exchange of data, information, tools and algorithms, Prevention of unnecessary duplication of efforts, Fostering complementary efforts that lead to increased confidence in product quality, Maximum exploitation of the existing expertise and infrastructure through a synergetic approach, Slide: 14

15 Benefits (continued) Coordination of reprocessing and reanalysis activities, Combined efforts to achieve global coverage, Achieving consistent and high quality of derived climate products, through inter-comparison and joint development. Supporting continuous research and development by strengthening research based activities related to ECV satellite product generation Coordination of validation activities, Capture of the needs through direct involvement of users and the climate research community, Strengthening of national and international infrastructures, Slide: 15

16 Components of the R/SSC-CM Global Network The global network of R/SSC-CM will include: GCOS WMO CEOS CGMS/GSICS 1. Individual R/SSC- CM centres 2. supported by a Secretariat and 3. overseen by an Executive Panel. R/SSC-CM Scientific Advisory Group RSAG R/SSC-CM Executive Panel REP R/SSC-CM Secretariat RSSC-CM Specialised Centres R/SSC-CM RSSC-CM Specialised Centres Specialised Centres RSSCs RSSCs R/SSCs R/SSC-CM Data Working Group RDWG Global Network of Regional/Specialized Satellite Centres (R/SSC) for Climate Monitoring Slide: 16

17 Components: Individual R/SSC-CM Centres Facilities able to provide significant contributions to ECV satellite products generation committed to be part of the global network will be designated as a R/SSC for Climate Monitoring with dedicated tasks and responsibilities. A single R/SSC-CM could be a component of an organization (e.g. space agency, Met-Service, Research Institute, Data Centre), or consortium of those elements. Each R/SSC-CM represented by a R/SSC-CM Manager. For each ECV satellite product, one or two R/SSC-CM will be responsible to lead the generation and provision of the relevant product (other R/SSCs may contribute) Slide: 17

18 Components: Individual R/SSC-CM Centres Well established processing and analysis facilities for some climate variables are already in place. Thus, the global network will build upon existing and future contributing facilities and link and coordinate the activities in order to most effectively address GCOS requirements. There might be several satellite products related to the same ECV, but generated with different approaches (algorithms, input data, etc) by different R/SSC-CMs (cross-checks and confidence level estimates). R/SSC-CM centres will be part of the regional meteorological infrastructure. The designation of R/SSC-CM would be submitted to the relevant WMO Regional Associations. Slide: 18

19 Components: R/SSC-CM Executive Panel (REP) The R/SSC-CM Executive Panel (REP) to monitor, evaluate and guide the network. Composition: R/SSC-CM Managers WMO and GCOS representatives (full members) CGMS/GSICS and CEOS (associated members to assure communication and coordination between the initiatives). Slide: 19

20 Components: R/SSC-CM Executive Panel (REP) The REP will be supported by two working groups: The R/SSC Scientific Advisory Group (RSAG) identify and coordinate necessary research activities. inform the REP on relevant scientific issues recommend related decisions to be taken by the REP The R/SSC Data Working Group (RDWG) coordinate activities related to the availability and quality of data necessary to produce the FCDRs and ECV satellite products. recommend related decisions to be taken by REP assist the R/SSC-CM network with their data management activities. Slide: 20

21 Components: R/SSC-CM Secretariat The R/SSC-CM Secretariats tasks: overall coordination and support of R/SSC-CM Network activities. hosted by one of the R/SSC-CM (interim: EUMETSAT) provide a coherent information system on available R/SSC- CM network products, related meta data and documentation act as a secretariat for the REP supporting the preparations of reports, the organisation of meetings/workshops and the evaluation of R/SSC-CM achievements. Slide: 21

22 Phasing PHASE I ( ) : establishment of the initial network and structure, including governance, and terms and conditions for all R/SSC-CM assessment of the current satellite climate monitoring capabilities agreement on principles and standards first workshop focussed on the assessment of capabilities and related research activities establishment of feedback mechanisms for stakeholders and scientists first assignment of responsibilities to R/SSC-CMs, submitted to relevant WMO Regional Associations. Slide: 22

23 Phasing PHASE II ( ): establishment of structures for sustainable generation of FCDRs and ECV Satellite Products. generation of first R/SSC-CM products including validation and data set assessment activities set up user services increased coverage of products in terms of ECVs, time and spatial dimension. fostering extension of the network Slide: 23

24 Phasing PHASE III (from 2012) will focus on: full deployment of the sustained system of product generation certification of products continuous product improvement Slide: 24

25 EUMETSAT s contribution EUMETSAT offers to contribute to the setup of the Global R/SSC-CM network: Products and activities of the EUMETSAT s Central Facilities and the Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM-SAF) in conjunction with activities of other SAFs (OSI, LSA, GRAS, O3M, and later the H SAF) Organisational support (R/SSC-CM secretariat) based on the experience with distributed research and operations (Coordinated EUMETSAT Central Facilities and SAF Network activities) Slide: 25

26 Next steps April 2008: Planning Meeting in Darmstadt starting the assessment process of the current capabilities strategy for establishing centres for the generation of R/SSC-CM products participation of the relevant experts of the initial and interested participating organisations. 2 nd Quarter 2008: First meeting of the R/SSC-CM Executive Panel Slide: 26

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