# FRANKLIN GLOBAL EQUITY INDEX

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1 INDEX METHODOLOGY FRANKLIN GLOBAL EQUITY INDEX Mrig, Lokesh April 2016 APRIL 2016

2 CONTENTS 1 Introduction Index Construction Methodology Defining The Eligible Universe Determination Of Factor Score Calculating the Z-Score for Each Individual Factor Calculating the Composite Factor Z-Score Calculating the Final Factor Score Security Selection & Weighting Scheme Maintaining the index Semi-Annual Index Reviews Buffer Rules: Ongoing Event Related changes IPOs and Other Early Inclusions Additions and Deletions Due to Corporate Events...9 Appendix I: Region/Country Definitions Appendix II: Corporate Events Treatment Appendix III: Calculation of Variables MSCI.COM PAGE 2 OF 16

3 1 INTRODUCTION MSCI Indexes are constructed and maintained in accordance with the MSCI Global Investable Market Indexes Methodology and calculated as per the MSCI Index Calculation Methodology. This methodology book provides a description of the rules and guidelines followed by MSCI for the construction and maintenance of the Franklin Global Equity Index. The Franklin Global Equity Index ( Index ) is designed to represent the performance of a strategy that seeks exposure to four style factors Quality, Value, Momentum and Low Volatility. MSCI.COM PAGE 3 OF 16

4 2 INDEX CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY 2.1 DEFINING THE ELIGIBLE UNIVERSE The eligible universe includes all the constituents of the MSCI ACWI Index (herein, the Parent Index ). 2.2 DETERMINATION OF FACTOR SCORE CALCULATING THE Z-SCORE FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL FACTOR The z-score for a factor is computed by combining the region relative z-scores of individual descriptors defined for each factor. In the first step, the z-score for a descriptor for each security is calculated as described below. Where: z = (x µ) σ z is the individual descriptor z-score x is the descriptor value for a given security included in the Parent Index µ is the equal weighted mean of the descriptor values of all the securities included in the Parent Index σ is the equal weighted standard deviation of the descriptor values of all the securities included in the Parent Index Z-scores are then winsorized at +/-3 (i.e., the z-scores above 3 are capped at 3 and z-scores below -3 are floored at -3). If a z-score of an individual descriptor is not computed due to the unavailability of the underlying descriptor data, the universe average z-score is used. A region relative z-score is then computed for a descriptor by standardizing the individual descriptor z-scores within the sector groups for each region. The two sector groups defined to apply region relative z-scores are: a.) Securities belonging to the GICS Financials Sector (Sector 40 of the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS )) b.) Securities belonging to all the other GICS sectors except Financial Sector The regions selected to compute region relative z-scores within each sector group are: a.) North America b.) Europe & Middle East MSCI.COM PAGE 4 OF 16

5 c.) Emerging Markets d.) Pacific Please refer to Appendix I for further details on region definitions. Where: z reg_rel = (z µreg_rel ) σreg_rel Z reg_rel is the region relative z-score for a descriptor z is the individual descriptor z-score for a given security within a sector group for each region µreg_rel is the equal weighted mean of the descriptor z-scores of all the securities included in a sector group for each region σreg_rel is the equal weighted standard deviation of the descriptor z-scores of all the securities included a sector group for each region A region relative z-score for each sector group universe is then winsorized at +/- 3. The Factors and the individual descriptors defining each of the four factors are as follows:- (i) Quality Factor Computed by equal weighting the region relative z-scores of the relevant descriptor as follows: For all the securities in the GICS Financial Sector a.) Return on Equity (ROE) b.) Negative of Earnings Variability c.) Cash Return on Assets (Cash ROA) For all the securities except for Financial Sector a.) Return on Equity (ROE) b.) Negative of Earnings Variability c.) Cash Return on Assets (Cash ROA) d.) Negative of Leverage MSCI.COM PAGE 5 OF 16

6 (ii) (iii) (iv) Value Factor Computed by weighting the region relative z-scores of the relevant descriptor as follows: For all the securities in the GICS Financial Sector a.) Inverse of Price to Book Value (P/B) with a weight of 66.66% b.) Dividend Yield (DY) with a weight of 33.33% For all the securities except for Financial Sector a) Inverse of Price to Earnings (P/E) with a weight of 33.33% b) Inverse of Price to Forward Earnings (P/E fwd) with a weight of 33.33% c) Dividend Yield (DY) with a weight of 33.33% Momentum Factor Computed by equal weighting the region relative z-scores of the following descriptors a.) 6-month Risk-adjusted Price Momentum b.) 12-month Risk-adjusted Price Momentum Volatility Factor a.) Region Relative z-score of Negative of Historical Beta estimated over the trailing 104 weekly returns Please refer to Appendix III for further details on the calculation of each factor CALCULATING THE COMPOSITE FACTOR Z-SCORE The Composite Factor Z-Score is computed from the factor z-scores as described below. Z Comp = 0.50 Z Quality Z Value Z Momentum Z Volatility Where: Z Comp is composite factor z-score Z Quality is the quality factor z-score as calculated in the previous section Z Value is the value factor z-score as calculated in the previous section Z Momentum is the momentum factor z-score as calculated in the previous section Z Volatility is the volatility factor z-score as calculated in the previous section MSCI.COM PAGE 6 OF 16

7 2.2.3 CALCULATING THE FINAL FACTOR SCORE The Final Factor Score is computed from the composite factor z-score as follows: Final Factor Score = { 1 + Z, Z 0 (1 Z) 1, Z < 0 Where Z is the composite factor z-score determined in the previous step. 2.3 SECURITY SELECTION & WEIGHTING SCHEME The Franklin Global Equity Index is constructed with a fixed number of securities approach. All the constituents of the Parent Index are ranked based on their Composite Factor Z-Score and 600 securities with the highest rank are selected. The securities included are assigned weights in the proportion of Market Cap Weight*Final Factor Score. MSCI.COM PAGE 7 OF 16

8 3 MAINTAINING THE INDEX 3.1 SEMI-ANNUAL INDEX REVIEWS The Franklin Global Equity Index is rebalanced on a semi-annual basis, usually as of the close of the last business day of May and November, coinciding with the May and November Semi-Annual Index Reviews (SAIRs) of the MSCI Global Investable Market Indexes. Descriptor data as of the end of April and October are used respectively. The pro forma Index is typically announced nine business days before the effective date. At each rebalancing, a constraint factor (CF) is calculated for each constituent in the Index. The constraint factor is defined as the weight in the Index at the time of the rebalancing divided by the weight in the Parent Index. The constraint factor as well as the constituents in the Index remains constant between Index Reviews except in case of corporate events as described in Appendix II BUFFER RULES: To reduce turnover and enhance Index stability, buffer rules are applied as follows: Security Selection Buffer A security selection buffer of 50% is applied at each Index Review. For example, the Index targets 600 securities and the buffers are applied between rank 301 and 900. The securities in the Parent Index with a final factor score rank at or above 300 will be added to the Index on a priority basis. Existing constituents not included in the previous step that have a final factor score rank between 301 and 900 are then successively added until the number of securities reaches 600. If the number of securities is below 600 after this step, the remaining securities in the Parent Index with the highest final factor score rank are added until the number of securities in the Index reaches 600. Turnover Buffer A turnover buffer of 50% is applied at each Index Review. For example, if the ongoing rebalancing results in changing the weight of a security from x% to y% in the Index, then the effective change in weight will be: Effective pro forma constituent weight = x + (y-x)/2 The turnover buffer is applied on the uncapped weights of existing and pro forma constituents and is not applied on deletions. After the turnover buffers are applied, weight capping of 1% is applied at the issuer level. 3.2 ONGOING EVENT RELATED CHANGES The Index follows the event maintenance of the Parent Index. MSCI.COM PAGE 8 OF 16

9 3.2.1 IPOS AND OTHER EARLY INCLUSIONS IPOs and other newly listed securities will only be considered for inclusion at the next SAIR, even if they qualify for early inclusion in the Parent Index ADDITIONS AND DELETIONS DUE TO CORPORATE EVENTS A constituent deleted from the Parent Index following a corporate event will be simultaneously deleted from the Index. Additions to the Index are only made at the SAIR. Please refer to Appendix II for more details on the treatment of corporate events. MSCI.COM PAGE 9 OF 16

10 APPENDIX I: REGION/COUNTRY DEFINITIONS The Parent Index is composed of the developed and emerging market countries. Currently, this includes the following countries, under each defined region Europe & Middle East Emerging Markets Pacific North America AUSTRIA BRAZIL AUSTRALIA CANADA BELGIUM CHILE HONG KONG USA DENMARK CHINA JAPAN FINLAND COLOMBIA NEW ZEALAND FRANCE CZECH REPUBLIC SINGAPORE GERMANY IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY NETHERLANDS NORWAY PORTUGAL SPAIN SWEDEN SWITZERLAND UNITED KINGDOM EGYPT GREECE HUNGARY INDIA INDONESIA KOREA MALAYSIA MEXICO PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND QATAR RUSSIA SOUTH AFRICA TAIWAN THAILAND TURKEY UAE Whenever MSCI changes the country constituents of the Parent Index, the constituent countries of this Index will change accordingly. Changes in the constituent companies of the MSCI Standard Country Indexes that comprise this Index will also be reflected in this Index. MSCI.COM PAGE 10 OF 16

11 APPENDIX II: CORPORATE EVENTS TREATMENT This appendix describes the treatment of the corporate events in the Franklin Global Equity Index. Details regarding the treatment of all other corporate events not covered in this appendix can be found in the MSCI Corporate Events Methodology book, available at In case of merger or acquisition aggregate CF (Constraint Factor) at Index level is calculated using the CF using the following formula: CF = (CF a1 W a1 + CF a2 W a2 ) (W a1 + +W a2 ) Where, CF a1 is the constraint factor of constituent 1 in the Franklin Global Equity Index, W a1 is the weight of constituent 1 in the Parent Index, CF a2 is the constraint factor of the constituent 2 in the Index, W a2 is the weight of the constituent 2 in the Parent Index. Event Event details Action Acquisition Franklin Global Equity Index constituent acquires another Franklin Global Equity Index constituent Franklin Global Equity Index constituent acquires non constituent. Non constituent is in Parent Index. Franklin Global Equity Index constituent acquires non constituent. Non constituent is not in the Parent Index. Non Franklin Global Equity Index constituent acquiers constituent Maintain acquiring company with a constraint factor that is weighted average of the two constituents as mentioned above. Maintain acquiring company with a constraint factor that is weighted average of the two constituents. Constraint factor of acquired non constituent company would be zero. Maintain acquiring company with a constraint factor that is weighted average of the two constituents. Constraint factor and weight of the acquired non constituent company would be zero. Acquired constituent would be removed regardless of type of acquisition by non constituent. The acquiring company would not be added to the Index. Merger Franklin Global Equity Index constituent merges with another Franklin Global Equity Index constituent Add new company with a constraint factor that is the weighted average of the two constituents. MSCI.COM PAGE 11 OF 16

13 APPENDIX III: CALCULATION OF VARIABLES Factor Descriptor Computation Details Return on Equity (ROE) ROE = Trailing 12 months earnings per share Latest book value per share Quality Earnings Variability Cash ROA Leverage Earnings variability is defined as the standard deviation of y-o-y earnings per share growth over the last five fiscal years Latest Fiscal Year Net Operating Cash Flow Latest Fiscal Year Total Assets Leverage is defined as the average of Market Leverage, Book Leverage and Debt to Assets. Market Leverage = (ME + PE + LD)/ME, Book Leverage = (BE + PE + LD)/BE, Debt to Assets = TD/TA Where ME = Market Value of Equity on the Last Trading day, PE = Book Value of the Preferred Equity, LD = Most recent Book Value of the Long-Term Debt, BE = Book Value of the Equity, TD = Total Debt, TA is most recent Book Value of Total Assets Price to Earnings (P/E) Current security price Trailing 12-month earnings per share Value Price to Earnings (P/E fwd) Price to Book Value (P/B) Current security price 12-month forward earnings per share Current security price Latest book value per share Dividend Yield (DY) Trailing 12-months dividend per share/current security price MSCI.COM PAGE 13 OF 16

14 Momentum Volatility 6-month Risk-adjusted Price Momentum 12-month Risk-adjusted Price Momentum Historical Beta (β) 6-month Price Momentum = ((PT-1/PT-7)-1) (Local Risk-free rate) 12-month Price Momentum = ((PT-1/PT-13)-1) - (Local Risk-free rate) Where, PT-1 = Security Local Price one month prior to the rebalancing date (T) PT-7 = Security Local Price seven months prior to the rebalancing date (T) PT-13 = Security Local Price thirteen months prior to the rebalancing date (T) Risk-adjusted Price Momentum = Price Momentum/σ Where σ = Annualized Standard Deviation of weekly local price returns over the period of 3 years. Local risk free rates are the short-term rates in local currency of the country, typically the 3M LIBOR rate or short-term deposit rate. The price performance is computed excluding recent 1-month. If 12-month Price Momentum is missing, only 6-month Price Momentum is used for computation of Momentum value. Momentum value is not computed if 6-month Price Momentum is not available and the respective universe average z-score is used. Computed as the slope coefficient in a time-series regression of local excess stock returns r against the cap-weighted local excess returns of the estimation universe R, r =α +β R + e The regression coefficients are estimated on the trailing 104 weeks of returns. MSCI.COM PAGE 14 OF 16

15 CONTACT US AMERICAS Americas * Atlanta Boston Chicago Monterrey New York San Francisco Sao Paulo Toronto EUROPE, MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA Cape Town Frankfurt Geneva London Milan Paris * ABOUT MSCI For more than 40 years, MSCI s researchbased indexes and analytics have helped the world s leading investors build and manage better portfolios. Clients rely on our offerings for deeper insights into the drivers of performance and risk in their portfolios, broad asset class coverage and innovative research. Our line of products and services includes indexes, analytical models, data, real estate benchmarks and ESG research. For more information, visit us at ASIA PACIFIC China North * China South * Hong Kong Mumbai Seoul * Singapore * Sydney Taipei * Tokyo * = toll free MSCI.COM PAGE 15 OF 16

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