1 Process Layout Chapter 8 L L M M D D L L M M D D L L M M G G L L A A G G A A G G
2 How Process Layout fits the Operations Management Philosophy Operations As a Competitive Weapon Operations Strategy Project Management Process Strategy Process Analysis Process Performance and Quality Constraint Management Process Layout Lean Systems Supply Chain Strategy Location Inventory Management Forecasting Sales and Operations Planning Resource Planning Scheduling
3 Layout Planning Layout planning is planning that involves decisions about the physical arrangement of economic activity centers needed by a facility s various processes. Layout plans translate the broader decisions about the competitive priorities, process strategy, quality, and capacity of its processes into actual physical arrangements. Economic activity center: Anything that consumes space -- a person or a group of people, a customer reception area, a teller window, a machine, a workstation, a department, an aisle, or a storage room.
4 Layout Planning Questions Before a manager can make decisions regarding physical arrangement, four questions must be addressed. 1. What centers should the layout include? 2. How much space and capacity does each center need? 3. How should each center s space be configured? 4. Where should each center be located?
5 Location Dimensions The location of a center has two dimensions: 1. Relative location: The placement of a center relative to other centers. 2. Absolute location: The particular space that the center occupies within the facility.
6 Absolute Locations vs. Relative Locations Original layout Frozen foods Dry groceries Meats Bread Vegetables Revised layout Meats Vegetables Dry groceries Frozen foods Bread Four of the absolute locations have changed but not the relative locations.
7 Strategic Issues Layout choices can help communicate an organization s product plans and competitive priorities. Altering a layout can affect an organization and how well it meets its competitive priorities in the following ways: 1. Increasing customer satisfaction and sales at a retail store. 2. Facilitating the flow of materials and information. 3. Increasing the efficient utilization of labor and equipment. 4. Reducing hazards to workers. 5. Improving employee morale. 6. Improving communication.
8 Performance Criteria Customer satisfaction Level of capital investment Requirements for materials handling Ease of stockpicking Work environment and atmosphere Ease of equipment maintenance Employee and internal customer attitudes Amount of flexibility needed Customer convenience and levels of sales
9 Types of Layouts Flexible-flow layout: A layout that organizes resources (employees) and equipment by function rather than by service or product. Line-flow layout: A layout in which workstations or departments are arranged in a linear path. Hybrid layout: An arrangement in which some portions of the facility have a flexible-flow and others have a line-flow layout. Fixed-position layout: An arrangement in which service or manufacturing site is fixed in place; employees along with their equipment, come to the site to do their work.
10 A Flexible Flow Layout A job shop has a flexible-flow layout. Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Office Milling machines Foundry
11 Line Flow Layout A production line has a line-flow layout. Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4
12 Creating Hybrid Layouts Layout flexibility is the property of a facility to remain desirable after significant changes occur or to be easily and inexpensively adopted in response to changes. A One-worker, multiple-machines (OWMM) cell is a one-person cell in which a worker operates several different machines simultaneously to achieve a line flow. A Cell is two or more dissimilar workstations located close together through which a limited number of parts or models are processed with line flows.
13 One Worker, Multiple Machines Machine 2 Machine 1 Machine 3 Materials in Finished goods out Machine 5 Machine 4
14 Group Technology (GT) Group Technology (GT) is an option for achieving line-flow layouts with low-volume processes; this technique creates cells not limited to just one worker and has a unique way of selecting work to be done by the cell. The GT method groups parts or products with similar characteristics into families and sets aside groups of machines for their production.
15 Before Group Technology Jumbled flows in a job shop without GT cells Lathing Milling Drilling L L M M D D L L M M D D Grinding L L M M G G L L A Assembly A G G Receiving and shipping A A G G
16 Applied Group Technology Line flows in a job shop with three GT cells L L M D Cell 1 Cell 2 G A Assembly area A Receiving L M G G Cell 3 L M D Shipping
17 Designing Flexible-Flow Layouts Step 1: Gather information Space requirements by center Available space Closeness factors: which centers need to be located close to one another. Closeness matrix: A table that gives a measure of the relative importance of each pair of centers being located close together. Step 2: Develop a Block plan: A plan that allocates space and indicates placement of each department. Step 3: Design a detailed layout.
18 Gather Information Example 8.1 Office of Budget Management Space Requirements Current Block Plan Department Area Needed (ft 2 ) 1. Administration 3, Social services 2, Institutions 2, Accounting 1, Education 1, Internal audit 3,400 Total 15, ' 100'
19 Closeness 150' 100' Matrix Example 8.1 Office of Budget Management Trips between Departments Department Administration Social services Institutions Accounting 2 5. Education 1 6. Internal audit Departments 1 and 6 have the most interaction. Departments 3 and 5 have the next highest. Departments 2 and 3 have next priority.
20 Proposed 150' 100' Block Plan First put departments 1 and 6 close together Next put departments 3 and 5 close together Then put departments 2 and 3 close together ' '
21 Applying the Weighted- Distance Method Weighted-distance method: A mathematical model used to evaluate flexible-flow layouts based on proximity factors. Euclidean distance is the straight-line distance, or shortest possible path, between two points. Rectilinear distance: The distance between two points with a series of 90 degree turns, as along city blocks.
22 Distance Measures Euclidian Distance d AB = (x( A x B ) 2 + (y( A y B ) 2 Rectilinear Distance d AB = x A x B + y A y B
23 Application 8.1 What is the distance between (20,10) and (80,60)? Euclidian Distance d AB = (20 80) 2 + (10 60) 2 = 78.1 Rectilinear Distance d AB = = 110
24 Example 8.2 Calculating the WD Score Load Distance Analysis Current Plan Proposed Plan Dept Closeness Distance Distance Pair Factor, w d wd Score d wd Score 1, , , , , , , , , , , , ld = 112 ld = 82
25 First Proposed Plan Excel Solver evaluation of solution
26 Second Proposed Plan Excel Solver improved solution
27 Application 8.2
28 Application 8.2
29 Application 8.2
30 Other Decision Support Tools Automated layout design program (ALDEP): A computer software package that constructs a good layout from scratch, adding one department at a time. Computerized relative allocation of facilities technique (CRAFT): A heuristic method that begins with the closeness matrix and an initial block layout, and makes a series of paired exchanges of departments to find a better block plan.
31 Warehouse Layouts Out-and-back Pattern The most basic warehouse layout is the out-and-back pattern. The numbers indicate storage areas for same or similar items. Storage area Dock Aisle Storage area
32 Warehouse Layouts Zone System Zones Zones Control station Click to add title Shipping doors Tractor trailer Feeder lines Feeder lines Overflow Tractor trailer
33 Office Layouts Most formal procedures for designing office layouts try to maximize the proximity of workers whose jobs require frequent interaction. Privacy is another key factor in office design. Four common office layouts: 1. Traditional layouts 2. Office landscaping (cubicles/movable partitions) 3. Activity settings 4. Electronic cottages (Telecommuting)
34 Designing Line-Flow Layouts Line balancing is the assignment of work to stations in a line so as to achieve the desired output rate with the smallest number of workstations. Work elements are the smallest units of work that can be performed independently. Immediate predecessors are work elements that must be done before the next element can begin. Precedence diagram allows one to visualize immediate predecessors better; work elements are denoted by circles, with the time required to perform the work shown below each circle.
35 Line Balancing Example 8.3 Green Grass, Inc., a manufacturer of lawn & garden equipment, is designing an assembly line to produce a new fertilizer spreader, the Big Broadcaster. Using the following information, construct a precedence diagram for the Big Broadcaster.
36 Work Element A B C D E F G H I Time Immediate Description (sec) Predecessor(s) Bolt leg frame to hopper 40 None Insert impeller shaft 30 A Attach axle 50 A Attach agitator 40 B Attach drive wheel 6 B Attach free wheel 25 C Mount lower post 15 C Attach controls 20 D, E Mount nameplate 18 F, G Total 244 A 40 C 50 Line Balancing Green Grass, Inc. B 30 F 25 D 40 G 15 E 6 H 20 I 18
37 Desired Output and Cycle Time Desired output rate, r must be matched to the staffing or production plan. Cycle time, c is the maximum time allowed for work on a unit at each station: 1 c = r
38 Theoretical Minimum Theoretical minimum (TM ) is a benchmark or goal for the smallest number of stations possible, where total time required to assemble each unit (the sum of all work-element standard times) is divided by the cycle time. It must be rounded up Idle time is the total unproductive time for all stations in the assembly of each unit. Efficiency (%) is the ratio of productive time to total time. Balance Delay is the amount by which efficiency falls short of 100%.
39 Output Rate and Cycle Time Example 8.4 Green Grass, Inc. Desired output rate, r = 2400/week Plant operates 40 hours/week r = 2400/40 = 60 units/hour Cycle time, c = 1/60 = 1 minute/unit = 60 seconds/unit 1 r
40 Calculations for Example 8.4 continued Theoretical minimum (TM ) - sum of all work-element standard times divided by the cycle time. TM = 244 seconds/60 seconds = It must be rounded up to 5 stations Cycle time: c = 1/60 = 1 minute/unit = 60 seconds/unit Efficiency (%) - ratio of productive time to total time. Efficiency = [244/5(60)]100 = 81.3% Balance Delay - amount by which efficiency falls short of 100%. ( ) = 18.7%
41 The goal is to cluster the work elements into 5 workstations so that the number of work-stations is minimized, and the cycle time of 60 seconds is not violated. Here we use the trial-and-error method to find a solution, although commercial software packages are also available. c = 60 seconds/unit TM = 5 stations Efficiency = 81.3% S1 A 40 S2 C 50 Green Grass, Inc. Line Balancing Solution B 30 S3 F 25 D 40 E S4 6 G 15 S5 H 20 I 18
42 Application 8.3
43 Application 8.3
44 Application 8.3
45 Application 8.4 Finding a Solution
46 Other Considerations In addition to balancing a line, managers must also consider four other options: 1. Pacing: The movement of product from one station to the next as soon as the cycle time has elapsed. 2. Behavioral factors of workers. 3. Number of models produced: A mixed-model line produces several items belonging to the same family. 4. Cycle times depend on the desired output rate, and efficiency varies considerably with the cycle time selected. Thus exploring a range of cycle times makes sense.
Process ayout How Process ayout fits the Operations anagement Philosophy Chapter 8 Operations s a Competitive Weapon Operations Strategy Project anagement Process Strategy Process nalysis Process Performance
Facility Layout: Manufacturing and Services 1 Facility Layout: Manufacturing and Services The aim of layout design is to organize the physical arrangement of economic activity centers within a facility
Layout Decisions Outline Global Company Profile: McDonald s The Strategic Importance of Layout Decisions Types of Layout Office Layout Retail Layout Warehousing and Storage Layouts 2 Outline - Continued
Chapter 5 Supporting Facility and Process Flows Process View of a Hospital Process Performance Inventory Turns Process Flow Structures 1 Definition of a Business Process A process is a set of activities
Facility Location, Layout, and Flow and Activity Analysis Primary activity relationships Organizational relationships» Span of control and reporting hierarchy Flow relationships» Flow of materials, people,
Project Management Chapter 3 How Project Management fits the Operations Management Philosophy Operations As a Competitive Weapon Operations Strategy Project Management Process Strategy Process Analysis
Constraint Management Chapter 7 How Constraint Management fits the Operations Management Philosophy Operations As a Competitive Weapon Operations Strategy Project Management Process Strategy Process Analysis
Department of Industrial Engineering IE290 - IE390 Industrial Training Guidelines for Internship Report Name Student ID Date BRIEF Fill out below the summary information regarding your industrial training.
Work Cells and Cellular Manufacturing Improving the fitness of the factory 1 Cellular Manufacturing Concept of performing all of the necessary operations to make a component, subassembly, or finished product
Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Dhaka, Bangladesh, January 9 10, 2010 Re-balancing of Generalized Assembly Lines Searching Optimal Solutions
MCQ: Unit -2: Operation processes 1.What type of process would a Cement plant be most likely to use? a. Continuous flow b. Project c c. Job shop d. Flow shop 2. Process selection is primarily considered
Antti Salonen KPP227 - HT 2015 1 Short-term planning 2 Inventory Control Systems Independent demand Items for which demand is influenced by market conditions and is not related to the inventory decisions
Operations Management OPM-301-TE This TECEP focuses on the process of transforming inputs through a value-added process to produce goods and services. Topics covered include value chains, performance measurement,
WORK CELL DESIGN Principles for Implementing Lean Manufacturing Definition Manufacturing is a method of organizing manual and machine operations in the most efficient combination to maximize value-added
Title: Case Study: Automobile Final Assembly Plant Date approved for distribution: October 5, 1997 Authors: and Mikell P. Groover Professor of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Michael G.
Volume: 258 Questions Question No: 1 What capacity is established by averaging the actual output produced in standard hours in previous periods? A. Rated Capacity B. Demonstrated Capacity C. Logical Capacity
MFGE 404 Computer Integrated Manufacturing CIM A T I L I M U N I V E R S I T Y Manufacturing Engineering Department Lecture 1 - Introduction Dr. Saleh AMAITIK Fall 2005/2006 Production Systems Production
Transportation A key decision area within the logistics mix Chapter 14 Transportation in the Supply Chain Inventory Strategy Forecasting Storage decisions Inventory decisions Purchasing & supply planning
Finding the KPIs for Yard Management 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Yard management is a critical linkage in logistics management practices, and has a significant impact on the overall efficiency of the supply chain.
Year and Semester FIRST YEAR II SEMESTER (EVEN) Subject Code and Name BA7201 OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Faculty Name 1) Mrs.L.SUJATHA ASST.PROF (S.G) 2) Mr. K.GURU ASST.PROF (OG) Q.No Unit I Part A BT Level
Assembly-Line Balancing Dr Ateekh-Ur-Rehman Refer Chapter 9 in Text Book Assembly-Line Balancing Objective is to minimize the imbalance between machines or personnel while meeting required output Starts
Layout Design Some of these slides are courtesy of Professor Paul Griffin Post Woods partment Complex tlanta Zoo Lenox Mall, tlanta Hospital floor plan Guildcrest Homes Factory floor plan 6 Furniture parts
Data Analytics Healthcare Logistics April 10, 2013 Global Contract Logistics & Supply Chain 2 Stages of a 3PL Contract Increasing Knowledge, Driving Down Costs Knowledge & Service RFP Solutions Development
5 Scheduling Operations Planning and Control Some Background Machines (resources) are Machines process jobs (molding machine, x ray machine, server in a restaurant, computer ) Machine Environment Single
Backward Scheduling An effective way of scheduling Warehouse activities Traditionally, scheduling algorithms were used in capital intensive production processes where there was a need to optimize the production
Modul Layout and Design Prof. Dr. Richard F. Hartl Dr. Margaretha Preusser SS 2009 Hartl, Preusser Layout and Design 2 Inhaltsverzeichnis. Introduction... 4 2. Job shop production... 9 2.. The Linear Assignment
Tolerance Charts Dr. Pulak M. Pandey http://paniit.iitd.ac.in/~pmpandey Introduction A tolerance chart is a graphical method for presenting the manufacturing dimensions of a workpiece or assembly at all
Automated Material Handling and Storage Systems How do we define automated material handling and storage systems? How do they work? What is automated guided vehicle systems? Automated Material Handling
Linear Programming Models: Graphical and Computer Methods Learning Objectives Students will be able to: 1. Understand the basic assumptions and properties of linear programming (LP). 2. Graphically solve
The JIT Revolution Chapter 4 1 Just In Time (JIT) I tip my hat to the new constitution Take a bow for the new revolution Smile and grin at the change all around Pick up my guitar and play Just like yesterday
Project Time Management Plan Schedule Management is the process of establishing the policies, procedures, and documentation for planning, developing, managing, executing, and controlling the project schedule.
Flexible Manufacturing System Introduction to FMS Features of FMS Operational problems in FMS Layout considerations Sequencing of Robot Moves FMS Scheduling and control Examples Deadlocking Flow system
Canadian Technology Accreditation Criteria (CTAC) INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY - TECHNOLOGIST Technology Accreditation Canada (TAC) Preamble These CTAC are applicable to programs having titles involving
CHAPTER 14: MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS PLANNING (MRP) AND ERP TRUE/FALSE 1. Collins Industries and its subsidiary Wheeled Coach obtain competitive advantage through MRP in part because of their excellent record
A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) identifies tasks and deliverables associated with a project. Resources are identified for each item within the WBS that facilitates budgeting as well as assignment of responsibilities.
BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES Volume 8, No 2 Sofia 2008 Optimal Scheduling for Dependent Details Processing Using MS Excel Solver Daniela Borissova Institute of
An Optimal Balancing Of Multiple Assembly Line For A Batch Production Unit M. Mohan Prasad Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, P. A. College of Engineering and Technology, Pollachi
The Training Material on Logistics Planning and Analysis has been produced under Project Sustainable Human Resource Development in Logistic Services for ASEAN Member States with the support from Japan-ASEAN
and Manufacturing Sophisticated products involves a large individual components and subassemblies. number of 70 to 80 percent of the cost of manufacturing a product is determined during the design phase
Warehouse Management in Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 Technical White Paper Warehouse Management... 1 Warehouse Overview... 2 Basic or Advanced Warehousing... 3 Warehouse Setup... 4 Bin and Bin Content...
Warehousing Learning Objectives By the end of this chapter, you should be able to: List the functions of a warehouse. State the primary objectives of a warehouse. List the categories of resources found
Engineering Management Courses 124 Principles of Engineering Management This course is an introduction to engineering management principles and concepts and will address issues that are relevant to today's
Aggregate, Material Requirement, and Capacity Topic: Aggregate, Material Requirement, and Capacity Slide 1 Welcome to Workshop Eight presentation: Aggregate planning, material requirement planning, and
Professor: Rafael Falcão Ementa 1. Sistemas de Manufatura 2. Linhas de Montagem 3. Sistemas Seriais 4. Scheduling 5. Manufatura Integrada por Computador 6. Projeto e Engenharia Assistidos por Computador
Chapter 11 Standard Operations 1 Standard Operations Definition Group of standards that completely defines all aspects of a task, operation, or process Defines best practice Must be adapted to reflect,
Lines Lines Input: Raw Materials Output: Finished Product Set of Sequential Workstations Connected by A Continuous Materials Handling System Lines in Produduction Systems With respect to Production Flow
Debunking the Myth of Parametrics Or How I learned to stop worrying and to love DFM It is time to clear the air, to lay out some definitions, to flatly state what is going on behind the scenes, and finally,
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PLANT LAYOUT AND MATERIAL HANDLING UNIT I 1. Which of the following is a strategic decision? [ B ] A. Facilitates location B. Plant location C. Plant layout D. Resources location
Case study: e-commerce sports equipment company From Sweden to Poland with a Mecalux warehouse Location: Poland One of the leading companies in the on-line sale of apparel and accessories for the motorcycling
J. Ind. Eng. Int., 6 (11), 1-, Spring 2010 ISSN: 173-702 IAU, South Tehran Branch Assembly line balancing to minimize balancing loss and system loss D. Roy 1 ; D. han 2 1 Professor, Dep. of Business Administration,
HEALTHCARE AutoStore Automated Storage and Picking System We chose the Swisslog WMS and AutoStore platform because of its proven ability to streamline operational processes such as space utilization, labor
Chapter 4 SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS METHODOLOGY This chapter highlights on supply chain performance measurement using one of the renowned modelling technique
Microsoft Dynamics AX Warehouse Management (WMS) 101 An I.B.I.S., Inc. Whitepaper by Matt Alford Dynamics AX Consultant I.B.I.S., Inc., a Sonata Software Company 2016 All Rights Reserved. www.ibisinc.com
2012 International Conference on Industrial and Intelligent Information (ICIII 2012) IPCSIT vol.31 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore Resource grouping selection to minimize the maximum over capacity
Excerpt from The Architect s Handbook of Professional Practice, 13th edition, 2000 Space Planning Gretchen Addi, Associate AIA, and Jacqueline Lytle, IIDA, Associate AIA Space planning is an integral part
Review on Using Packages to Enhance the Teaching of Critical Path Networks Harry S Ku Abstract The aim of this paper is to review a published paper, Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching
Metrics-Based Process Mapping (MBPM) ASQ Lean Six Sigma Conference March 2, 2009 Company LOGO Learning Objectives The difference between a value stream map and a metrics-based process map. Key time and
Questions and Answers Regarding the Watering Index and ET (EvapoTranspiration) What is the Watering Index? The Watering Index is a scientifically based guide that was created to help people adjust watering
What Is Risk? Uncertainty about a situation can often indicate risk, which is the possibility of loss, damage, or any other undesirable event. Most people desire low risk, which would translate to a high
Customizable Spreadsheet Solutions The Promise of Templates Fulfilled 1 Richard J. Petti and Howard I. Cannon ModelSheet Software, LLC E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.modelsheetsoft.com
HUMANIZING TAKT TIME AND PRODUCTIVITY IN THE LABOR- INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Milan Fekete Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovak Republic email@example.com Jaroslav Hulvej Comenius University
Chapter 1 The Production Paradigm Evolution of Production Systems Ancient Systems basic planning, organizations and control specialization of labor Feudal Systems hierachical system (delegation) land and
Manufacturing process What is Manufacturing Process? A sequence of operations, often done on a machine or at a given area. Examples: welding, casting, cutting, assembling, etc. During a manufacturing process,
156 Activities Activity 9.1 (PP. 357 358) [Project planning exercise] You are required to construct a project plan for the following information system development project. Your objective is to schedule
Case Study Operations Planning Transport Planning Background The company The Alliance Distribution Centre (ADC) is part of a national network of distribution centres owned by XYZ Transport, a leading logistics
Manufacturing TRAVERSE Manufacturing from Open Systems, Inc. is the perfect solution for smaller growing to larger progressive manufacturers Managing profitability, cost control, inventory control, purchasing
Manufacturing Facilities Design and Material Handling FIFTH EDITION Matthew P. Stephens Fred E. Meyers Purdue University Press West Lafayette, Indiana Contents CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO MANUFACTURING FACILITIES
Clustering Danilo Croce Web Mining & Retrieval a.a. 2015/201 16/03/2016 1 Supervised learning vs. unsupervised learning Supervised learning: discover patterns in the data that relate data attributes with
Excel Modeling Practice The Svelte Glove Problem Step-by-Step With Instructions EXCEL REVIEW 2001-2002 Contents Page Number Overview...1 Features...1 The Svelte Glove Problem...1 Outputs...2 Approaching
Chapter 5 Process design Slack et al s model of operations management Direct Product and service design Design Operations Management Deliver Develop Process design Location, layout and flow Key operations
Creating Mixed Model Value Streams Kevin Duggan Founder Institute for Operational Excellence MWCC Mid-Atlantic Lean Conference 7-8 November, 2012 Rev 8.1 Creating Mixed Model Value Streams Kevin Duggan,
Ch 25 Production Planning and Control Sections: 1. Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production Schedule 2. Material Requirements Planning 3. Capacity Planning 4. Shop Floor Control 5. Inventory
Criteria for determining the push pull boundary Kartik Ramachandran, Larry Whitman & Ashok Babu Ramachandran Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas.
Interpreting the Numbers: From Data to Design William Elenbark, Consultant Gross & Associates 732-636-2666; firstname.lastname@example.org Robert Muller, Industrial Engineer Gross & Associates 732-636-2666;
Page 1 of 5 Functional Programming [Prepared by Justin Saly, MRAIC; Edited by Alberta Association of Architects] The following information is supplemental to the information provided in section 2.3.4 in
Best s Guide Slotting Warehouse slotting is defined as the placement of products within a warehouse facility. Its objective is to maximize the use of a warehouse s available cube space by improved storage
MARATHWADA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, AURANGABAD DEPARTMENT OF MASTER OF COMPUTER APPLICATION OPERATION RESEARCH QUESTION BANK SYMCA 2013-14 Part-II OR Assignment Questions Unit-I 1) What is OR techniques?
Chapter 16 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. : Establishing the timing of the use of equipment, facilities and human activities in an organization
SUB: PLMH YEAR: IV, BRANCH: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Sl. UNIT-5 1 Explain the importance of material handling 2 Explain the relationship of material handling to plant layout 3 Explain importance of plant
Are You Picking the Right Orders? Productivity and accuracy in fulfillment are two constant challenges in today s distribution centers (DC). As the Amazon affect begins to make every company a multi-channel
Managing Transportation in a Supply Chain Chapter 14 Sections 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5 1 Outline Key modes of transport and major issues Transportation System Design Tradeoffs in transportation design Transportation
Linear Programming Supplement E Linear Programming Linear programming: A technique that is useful for allocating scarce resources among competing demands. Objective function: An expression in linear programming