Mapping Earth from Space Remote sensing and satellite images. Remote sensing developments from war

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Mapping Earth from Space Remote sensing and satellite images. Remote sensing developments from war"

Transcription

1 Mapping Earth from Space Remote sensing and satellite images Geomatics includes all the following spatial technologies: a. Cartography "The art, science and technology of making maps" b. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) "Automated systems for the management, analysis, input and output of spatial data" c. Global Positioning Systems (GPS) "determination of ground locations using measurements from satellites" d. Surveying "science of determination of accurate coordinates of terrestrial locations" e. Photogrammetry "derivation of 2D or 3D locations from stereo pairs of aerial photography f. Remote Sensing "Acquisition of information about a planetary surface from a distance" Remote sensing developments from war US Civil War: Pigeons and kites First World War: photogrammetry Second world war: stereogrammetric mapping (with surplus planes) RADAR- RAdio Detection And Ranging Korean War: Infra-red photography Cold War: Satellite photography and imagery Gulf Wars: 3D imagery / google earth? 1

2 Topographic mapping , was completed using aerial photography incorporating stereo-photogrammetric techniques to map contours What is Remote Sensing? "Obtaining information about a planetary surface from a distance" The term first appeared ~1965 with the first satellite images (previously there were only aerial photographs) Also there was increasing use of nonvisible parts of the electro-magnetic spectrum, such as the Infrared Shopping centre - Phoenix, Arizona 2

3 Electro-magnetic Spectrum: "The range of wavelengths of energy" Energy (from the sun) radiates at wavelengths from very long (hundreds of metres) to very short (billionths of a metre: nanometres; and millionths of a metre: micrometres or 'microns') air photographs record energy 'reflected' at visible wavelengths ( nm) The visible portion of the EM spectrum contains the portion of the sun's radiation that we can see. Sample orthophoto 2010 Prince George 3

4 Infra-red (IR) photography IR was developed during the Korean War to distinguish between healthy vegetation and camouflage. Hence it was known as 'camouflage detection' film or 'false colour'. a yellow filter eliminates blue wavelengths (green displays as blue, red as green) infra-red wavelengths are shown in red, reflected by healthy vegetation Advantages of using Infra-Red wavelengths for mapping: Blue - the most susceptible to haze- is replaced (removed) Land-water distinctions are enhanced (but not urban features) Vegetation differences are enhanced, coniferous v deciduous etc.. Normal colour Infra -red 4

5 Scanners they create digital images (producing images NOT photographs) with layers of pixels (picture elements) - usually 8 bit = 256 values (0=dark to 255=bright) Close-up of pixels in a digital (scanned) image <- Prince George scanned image The near IR ( microns) records energy related to vegetation vigour (health), while the mid- IR ( microns) is related to (soil) moisture. Neither have anything to do with temperature Near-IR Mid-IR 5

6 Thermal Infrared (3-14 microns) This records longer wavelengths and is a measure of temperature as energy is emitted NOT reflected IR Microwave: 1mm 1 metre These wavelengths beyond the infra-red can see through' clouds, light rain, and snow, but there is a low amount of it ( why we use these wavelengths for communications). It is used to monitor sea pollution, global ice cover and atmospheric ozone. 6

7 Microwave: - RAdio Detection And Ranging (RADAR) is 'active' remote sensing at wavelengths of 1-30 cm (whereas most other remote sensing is 'passive': recording solar and terrestrial radiation). Passive Active RADAR was first developed before/during World War II for aircraft detection. As it is not affected by darkness or weather, it is especially useful in arctic regions for mapping ice; and tropical areas, which are consistently cloud covered as well as other areas often cloud covered, both temperate and tropical. It is also Microwave Ireland, 1991: Radar and Visible image 7

8 LiDAR = Light Detection And Ranging (Visible wavelengths).. is the other common form of active remote sensing It is commonly used to create high resolution DEMs (< 1 metre) e.g. PGmap elevation model Floodplain mapping Ground zero, New York Satellite Images for mapping This technology initially evolved from the Cold War space race. They range from low resolution (weather satellites) to very high.. capable of detecting objects <1 metre Especially useful for remote mapping Hurricane Katrina Landsat path: earthnow New Orleans, before and during Hurricane Katrina 8

9 Satellites have two types of orbit (GPS satellites include both types): 1. Geostationary: 36,000 km above equator, stay vertically above the same spot, rotates with earth - weather images, e.g. GOES (Geostat. Operational Env. Satellite) [Scanning enables the data to be transmitted back to earth from the satellites] 2. Sun-synchronous satellites: km altitude, orbit at ~ degree angle to the equator (= near polar): captures imagery approx. the same time each day (~ 10 11am) All satellites used for earth mapping are this type 9

10 Most satellite images are not photos but there are exceptions Millennium Island photographed by a crew member on the International Space Station This image was acquired with a Nikon D3 digital camera fitted with an 800 mm lens Spatial Resolution (pixel size) ~1 metre to 10 kilometres Low resolution (free) 1km - 10km (international) small scale /mostly weather Medium resolution (free) 100m -1km (national) - suitable for ~ 1:250,000 High resolution (some free) m (regional) - suitable for 1:50,000-1:100,000 Very High resolution (costs $) 1-10 metres (Local) - suitable for > 1:50,000 10

11 Small scale satellite images (10km) Low resolution imagery (~10km pixels) Daily sea surface temperatures using Microwave wavelengths cloud free 11

12 Medium resolution: MODIS 500m 1km High resolution: Landsat (since 1972) Satellites 1,2,3 had a Multi- Spectral Sensor (MSS) with a pixel size 80 metres in resolution. First Landsat image: San Francisco Reservoirs in Quebec

13 Thematic Mapper (TM): present Landsat satellites 4 and 5 had higher resolution (30 metres) Thematic Mapper Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) (Landsat 7) This is the basis of Google maps and Google Earth coverage; data was free since Landsat 8 launched in 2013 Google maps Visible image like an air photo BC LRDW imap Including Near-IR and mid-ir 13

14 1985 Mapping change / updating: Berg Lake and Robson Glacier

15

16 Download from earthexplorer.usgs.gov High resolution: Landsat-like SPOT (France) 1986 (20m) receiving station: University of Lethbridge,

17 ASTER (with DEM) Longyearbyen is located on Spitsbergen, the largest island of the Svalbard archipelago, part of Norway. It is the world s northernmost town with over 1000 people - and world s northernmost university. 17

18 Radar image, Vancouver RADARSAT 2 Radarsat 1-2 are the only Canadian satellite systems in space for mapping Radarsat Radarsat 2: > John MacDonald, founder MacDonald-Dettwiler Associates, Richmond, BC Chancellor, UNBC Very high resolution satellites First corporate satellites > Ikonos: 1m image resolution Dubai Whistler,

19 there are now very high resolution satellites Others include: -Worldview 50cm - GeoEye 41cm Quickbird (2001) 60cm pixels its so big you can see it from space : The giant dog you can see from space Monday, June 9, 2008 BORIS the bull mastiff is so big that he can be seen lounging in his favourite position in the garden - from space. The 90kg dog has been captured on Google Earth's satellite images. His owners noticed an enormous brown blob on the image of their front garden and were stunned to discover it was their pet. 'He was in his favourite place,' said Fran Milner, from Bournemouth. We knew he was big but didn't think he was big enough to be seen from space.' 19

INTRODUCTION REMOTE SENSING

INTRODUCTION REMOTE SENSING INTRODUCTION REMOTE SENSING dr.ir. Jan Clevers Centre for Geo-Information Dept. Environmental Sciences Wageningen UR Remote Sensing --> RS Sensor at a distance EARTH OBSERVATION EM energy Earth RS is a

More information

Lectures Remote Sensing

Lectures Remote Sensing Lectures Remote Sensing OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING dr.ir. Jan Clevers Centre of Geo-Information Environmental Sciences Wageningen UR EM Spectrum and Windows reflection emission 0.3 0.6 1.0 5.0 10 50 100 200

More information

Remote Sensing of Global Climate Change

Remote Sensing of Global Climate Change of Global Climate Change 2009 TECHNICAL STUFF... WHERE ON THE EARTH IS THAT??? Students should understand various geographic coordinate systems used to locate images, and how to translate these into distances

More information

A remote sensing instrument collects information about an object or phenomenon within the

A remote sensing instrument collects information about an object or phenomenon within the Satellite Remote Sensing GE 4150- Natural Hazards Some slides taken from Ann Maclean: Introduction to Digital Image Processing Remote Sensing the art, science, and technology of obtaining reliable information

More information

SAMPLE MIDTERM QUESTIONS

SAMPLE MIDTERM QUESTIONS Geography 309 Sample MidTerm Questions Page 1 SAMPLE MIDTERM QUESTIONS Textbook Questions Chapter 1 Questions 4, 5, 6, Chapter 2 Questions 4, 7, 10 Chapter 4 Questions 8, 9 Chapter 10 Questions 1, 4, 7

More information

Remote Sensing. Vandaag. Voordelen Remote Sensing Wat is Remote Sensing? Vier elementen Remote Sensing systeem

Remote Sensing. Vandaag. Voordelen Remote Sensing Wat is Remote Sensing? Vier elementen Remote Sensing systeem Remote Sensing 1 Vandaag Voordelen Remote Sensing Wat is Remote Sensing? Vier elementen Remote Sensing systeem 2 Nederland Vanaf 700 km hoogte Landsat TM mozaïek 3 Europa vanaf 36000 km hoogte 4 5 Mount

More information

Review for Introduction to Remote Sensing: Science Concepts and Technology

Review for Introduction to Remote Sensing: Science Concepts and Technology Review for Introduction to Remote Sensing: Science Concepts and Technology Ann Johnson Associate Director ann@baremt.com Funded by National Science Foundation Advanced Technological Education program [DUE

More information

Resolutions of Remote Sensing

Resolutions of Remote Sensing Resolutions of Remote Sensing 1. Spatial (what area and how detailed) 2. Spectral (what colors bands) 3. Temporal (time of day/season/year) 4. Radiometric (color depth) Spatial Resolution describes how

More information

Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing

Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Passive remote sensing system record EMR that was reflected (e.g., blue, green, red, and near IR) or emitted (e.g., thermal IR) from the surface of the Earth.

More information

Geomorphology G322 Introduction to Aerial Photographs

Geomorphology G322 Introduction to Aerial Photographs Geomorphology G322 Introduction to Aerial Photographs I. Introduction to Air Photos A. Aerial photographs are acquired by airpcraft especially equipped with cameras and view ports. 1. Early Work... Balloon-based

More information

Selecting the appropriate band combination for an RGB image using Landsat imagery

Selecting the appropriate band combination for an RGB image using Landsat imagery Selecting the appropriate band combination for an RGB image using Landsat imagery Ned Horning Version: 1.0 Creation Date: 2004-01-01 Revision Date: 2004-01-01 License: This document is licensed under a

More information

Remote Sensing Satellite Information Sheets Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks

Remote Sensing Satellite Information Sheets Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks Remote Sensing Satellite Information Sheets Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution

More information

Remote sensing is the collection of data without directly measuring the object it relies on the

Remote sensing is the collection of data without directly measuring the object it relies on the Chapter 8 Remote Sensing Chapter Overview Remote sensing is the collection of data without directly measuring the object it relies on the reflectance of natural or emitted electromagnetic radiation (EMR).

More information

Preface. Ko Ko Lwin Division of Spatial Information Science University of Tsukuba 2008

Preface. Ko Ko Lwin Division of Spatial Information Science University of Tsukuba 2008 1 Preface Remote Sensing data is one of the primary data sources in GIS analysis. The objective of this material is to provide fundamentals of Remote Sensing technology and its applications in Geographical

More information

2.3 Spatial Resolution, Pixel Size, and Scale

2.3 Spatial Resolution, Pixel Size, and Scale Section 2.3 Spatial Resolution, Pixel Size, and Scale Page 39 2.3 Spatial Resolution, Pixel Size, and Scale For some remote sensing instruments, the distance between the target being imaged and the platform,

More information

How Landsat Images are Made

How Landsat Images are Made How Landsat Images are Made Presentation by: NASA s Landsat Education and Public Outreach team June 2006 1 More than just a pretty picture Landsat makes pretty weird looking maps, and it isn t always easy

More information

Spectral Response for DigitalGlobe Earth Imaging Instruments

Spectral Response for DigitalGlobe Earth Imaging Instruments Spectral Response for DigitalGlobe Earth Imaging Instruments IKONOS The IKONOS satellite carries a high resolution panchromatic band covering most of the silicon response and four lower resolution spectral

More information

Instruments onboard Polar and Geostationary Satellites. Satellite Course May 2014

Instruments onboard Polar and Geostationary Satellites. Satellite Course May 2014 Instruments onboard Polar and Geostationary Satellites Satellite Course 2014 6 May 2014 Outline Technical Development of Satellite Remote Sensing Instruments Ultraviolet earth-observing satellite remote

More information

MODULE 1 LECTURE NOTES 4 ENERGY INTERACTIONS WITH EARTH SURFACE FEATURES

MODULE 1 LECTURE NOTES 4 ENERGY INTERACTIONS WITH EARTH SURFACE FEATURES MODULE 1 LECTURE NOTES 4 ENERGY INTERACTIONS WITH EARTH SURFACE FEATURES Energy incident on the Earth s surface is absorbed, transmitted or reflected depending on the wavelength and characteristics of

More information

Emerging remote environmental monitoring techniques. Remote Sensing

Emerging remote environmental monitoring techniques. Remote Sensing Emerging remote environmental monitoring techniques Remote Sensing Satellite and airborne Remote Sensing techniques Emerging trends in remote sensing are occurring largely in four broad areas: 1. advances

More information

Landsat color composite image draped on a Digital Elevation Model

Landsat color composite image draped on a Digital Elevation Model SFR406 Spring 2015 Formation and Interpretation of Color Composite Images Introduction One sees color images collected by earth orbiting satellites in popular magazines, in movies and television shows;

More information

'Developments and benefits of hydrographic surveying using multispectral imagery in the coastal zone

'Developments and benefits of hydrographic surveying using multispectral imagery in the coastal zone Abstract With the recent launch of enhanced high-resolution commercial satellites, available imagery has improved from four-bands to eight-band multispectral. Simultaneously developments in remote sensing

More information

Hyperspectral Satellite Imaging Planning a Mission

Hyperspectral Satellite Imaging Planning a Mission Hyperspectral Satellite Imaging Planning a Mission Victor Gardner University of Maryland 2007 AIAA Region 1 Mid-Atlantic Student Conference National Institute of Aerospace, Langley, VA Outline Objective

More information

Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing and Analysis: An Introduction and Analysis: An Introduction

Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing and Analysis: An Introduction and Analysis: An Introduction Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing Digital Remote Sensing Data Processing and Analysis: An Introduction and Analysis: An Introduction Content Remote sensing data Spatial, spectral, radiometric and

More information

GIS for Educators. Overview:

GIS for Educators. Overview: GIS for Educators Topic 5: Raster Data Objectives: Keywords: Understand what raster data is and how it can be used in a GIS. Raster, Pixel, Remote Sensing, Satellite, Image, Georeference Overview: In the

More information

INVESTIGA I+D+i 2013/2014

INVESTIGA I+D+i 2013/2014 INVESTIGA I+D+i 2013/2014 SPECIFIC GUIDELINES ON AEROSPACE OBSERVATION OF EARTH Text by D. Eduardo de Miguel October, 2013 Introducction Earth observation is the use of remote sensing techniques to better

More information

Chapter 1 Overview of imaging GIS

Chapter 1 Overview of imaging GIS Chapter 1 Overview of imaging GIS Imaging GIS, a term used in the medical imaging community (Wang 2012), is adopted here to describe a geographic information system (GIS) that displays, enhances, and facilitates

More information

Precipitation Remote Sensing

Precipitation Remote Sensing Precipitation Remote Sensing Huade Guan Prepared for Remote Sensing class Earth & Environmental Science University of Texas at San Antonio November 14, 2005 Outline Background Remote sensing technique

More information

16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting. Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011. mission: Present status and near future

16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting. Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011. mission: Present status and near future 16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011 The Meteor 3M Mt satellite mission: Present status and near future plans MISSION AIMS Satellites of the series METEOR M M are purposed

More information

SATELLITE USES FOR PURPOSE OF NOWCASTING. Introduction

SATELLITE USES FOR PURPOSE OF NOWCASTING. Introduction SATELLITE USES FOR PURPOSE OF NOWCASTING Kedir, Mohammed National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia Introduction The application(uses) of satellite sensing data deals to obtain information about the basic

More information

Geography 403 Lecture 7 Scanners, Thermal, and Microwave

Geography 403 Lecture 7 Scanners, Thermal, and Microwave Geography 403 Lecture 7 Scanners, Thermal, and Microwave Needs: Lect_403_7.ppt A. Basics of Passive Electric Sensors 1. Sensors absorb EMR and produce some sort of response, such as voltages differences

More information

Module 1 Educator s Guide Investigation 3

Module 1 Educator s Guide Investigation 3 Module 1 Educator s Guide Investigation 3 What can satellites tell us about Earth? Investigation Overview Students learn to identify basic characteristics of satellite images. They demonstrate how satellite

More information

Information Contents of High Resolution Satellite Images

Information Contents of High Resolution Satellite Images Information Contents of High Resolution Satellite Images H. Topan, G. Büyüksalih Zonguldak Karelmas University K. Jacobsen University of Hannover, Germany Keywords: satellite images, mapping, resolution,

More information

Access and Use of Imagery and Data from MODIS, Landsat, and Commercial Satellites

Access and Use of Imagery and Data from MODIS, Landsat, and Commercial Satellites Access and Use of Imagery and Data from MODIS, Landsat, and Commercial Satellites Forrest Melton Ecological Forecasting Lab CSU Monterey Bay & NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA MODIS Rapid Response

More information

Principles of Satellite Remote Sensing

Principles of Satellite Remote Sensing Chapter 5 Principles of Satellite Remote Sensing Goal: Give a overview on the characteristics of satellite remote sensing. Satellites have several unique characteristics which make them particularly useful

More information

Opportunities for the generation of high resolution digital elevation models based on small format aerial photography

Opportunities for the generation of high resolution digital elevation models based on small format aerial photography Opportunities for the generation of high resolution digital elevation models based on small format aerial photography Boudewijn van Leeuwen 1, József Szatmári 1, Zalán Tobak 1, Csaba Németh 1, Gábor Hauberger

More information

Satellite Remote Sensing - Introduction

Satellite Remote Sensing - Introduction Satellite Remote Sensing - Introduction definition for this class three essentials examples Seasat 1978 notes on human perception and display of information Seasat 1978 http://www.ucsusa.org/nuclear_weapons_and_global_security/

More information

See Lab 8, Natural Resource Canada RS Tutorial web pages Tues 3/24 Supervised land cover classification See Lab 9, NR Canada RS Tutorial web pages

See Lab 8, Natural Resource Canada RS Tutorial web pages Tues 3/24 Supervised land cover classification See Lab 9, NR Canada RS Tutorial web pages SFR 406 Remote Sensing, Image Interpretation and Forest Mapping EXAM # 2 (23 April 2015) REVIEW SHEET www.umaine.edu/mial/courses/sfr406/index.htm (Lecture powerpoint & notes) TOPICS COVERED ON 2 nd EXAM:

More information

CLIENT GUIDE TO DIGITAL ORTHO- PHOTOGRAPHY

CLIENT GUIDE TO DIGITAL ORTHO- PHOTOGRAPHY ISSUE 2 SEPTEMBER 2014 TSA Endorsed by: CLIENT GUIDE TO DIGITAL ORTHO- PHOTOGRAPHY The Survey Association s Client Guides are primarily aimed at other professionals such as engineers, architects, planners

More information

SPOT Satellite Earth Observation System Presentation to the JACIE Civil Commercial Imagery Evaluation Workshop March 2007

SPOT Satellite Earth Observation System Presentation to the JACIE Civil Commercial Imagery Evaluation Workshop March 2007 SPOT Satellite Earth Observation System Presentation to the JACIE Civil Commercial Imagery Evaluation Workshop March 2007 Topics Presented Quick summary of system characteristics Formosat-2 Satellite Archive

More information

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing 1 Remote sensing of the Earth from orbital altitudes was recognized in the mid-1960 s as a potential technique for obtaining information important for the effective

More information

Availability and Potential Use of Low Resolution Satellite Imagery for Peacekeeping and Disaster Management. Mryka Hall-Beyer

Availability and Potential Use of Low Resolution Satellite Imagery for Peacekeeping and Disaster Management. Mryka Hall-Beyer Availability and Potential Use of Low Resolution Satellite Imagery for Peacekeeping and Disaster Management Mryka Hall-Beyer Spatial resolution: The ability to see detail Expectations people have: to be

More information

TerraColor White Paper

TerraColor White Paper TerraColor White Paper TerraColor is a simulated true color digital earth imagery product developed by Earthstar Geographics LLC. This product was built from imagery captured by the US Landsat 7 (ETM+)

More information

Imagery. 1:50,000 Basemap Generation From Satellite. 1 Introduction. 2 Input Data

Imagery. 1:50,000 Basemap Generation From Satellite. 1 Introduction. 2 Input Data 1:50,000 Basemap Generation From Satellite Imagery Lisbeth Heuse, Product Engineer, Image Applications Dave Hawkins, Product Manager, Image Applications MacDonald Dettwiler, 3751 Shell Road, Richmond B.C.

More information

Design of a High Resolution Multispectral Scanner for Developing Vegetation Indexes

Design of a High Resolution Multispectral Scanner for Developing Vegetation Indexes Design of a High Resolution Multispectral Scanner for Developing Vegetation Indexes Rishitosh kumar sinha*, Roushan kumar mishra, Sam jeba kumar, Gunasekar. S Dept. of Instrumentation & Control Engg. S.R.M

More information

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COURSE CODE: ESM 392

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COURSE CODE: ESM 392 NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COURSE CODE: ESM 392 COURSE TITLE: REMOTE SENSING AND RADIATION PRINCIPLES MODULE 1 [INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING AND RADIATION PRINCIPLES]

More information

One Survey One Hundred Solutions. TLidar in Africa

One Survey One Hundred Solutions. TLidar in Africa TLidar in Africa Africa Geospatial Forum The Survey Profession 35 Years of Change Johannesburg 19 August 2015 Norman Banks Change & Progress! The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable

More information

Overview of the IR channels and their applications

Overview of the IR channels and their applications Ján Kaňák Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute Jan.kanak@shmu.sk Overview of the IR channels and their applications EUMeTrain, 14 June 2011 Ján Kaňák, SHMÚ 1 Basics in satellite Infrared image interpretation

More information

River Flood Damage Assessment using IKONOS images, Segmentation Algorithms & Flood Simulation Models

River Flood Damage Assessment using IKONOS images, Segmentation Algorithms & Flood Simulation Models River Flood Damage Assessment using IKONOS images, Segmentation Algorithms & Flood Simulation Models Steven M. de Jong & Raymond Sluiter Utrecht University Corné van der Sande Netherlands Earth Observation

More information

Structure of Course. First half of course introduces remote sensing. 8 lectures Mondays 10-11am, G07 Pearson Building

Structure of Course. First half of course introduces remote sensing. 8 lectures Mondays 10-11am, G07 Pearson Building Structure of Course First half of course introduces remote sensing 8 lectures Mondays 10-11am, G07 Pearson Building Second half focuses on a practical example using remote sensing data 7 practicals Thursdays

More information

Overview. What is EMR? Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) LA502 Special Studies Remote Sensing

Overview. What is EMR? Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) LA502 Special Studies Remote Sensing LA502 Special Studies Remote Sensing Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) Dr. Ragab Khalil Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty of Environmental Design King AbdulAziz University Room 103 Overview What

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation (including visible light)

Electromagnetic Radiation (including visible light) An expert is a man who has made all the mistakes, which can be made in a narrow field. Neils Bohr Electromagnetic Radiation (including visible light) Behaves like a particle. light particles are called

More information

Visual Interpretation of Images

Visual Interpretation of Images Using Saga Tutorial ID: IGET_RS_003 This tutorial has been developed by BVIEER as part of the IGET web portal intended to provide easy access to geospatial education. This tutorial is released under the

More information

A Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Remote Sensing Tutorial

A Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Remote Sensing Tutorial Fundamentals of Remote Sensing A Remote Sensing Tutorial Natural Resources Canada Ressources naturelles Canada Fundamentals of Remote Sensing - Table of Contents Page 2 Table of Contents 1. Introduction

More information

The RapidEye optical satellite family for high resolution imagery

The RapidEye optical satellite family for high resolution imagery 'Photogrammetric Week 01' D. Fritsch & R. Spiller, Eds. Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg 2001. Scherer, Krischke 139 The RapidEye optical satellite family for high resolution imagery STEFAN SCHERER and MANFRED

More information

REMOTE SENSING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING. P. M. Mather School of Geography, The University of Nottingham, U.K.

REMOTE SENSING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING. P. M. Mather School of Geography, The University of Nottingham, U.K. REMOTE SENSING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING P. M. Mather School of Geography, The University of Nottingham, U.K. Keywords: Earth observation, image processing, lidar, pattern recognition, radar Contents

More information

Map World Forum Hyderabad, India Introduction: High and very high resolution space images: GIS Development

Map World Forum Hyderabad, India Introduction: High and very high resolution space images: GIS Development Very high resolution satellite images - competition to aerial images Dr. Karsten Jacobsen Leibniz University Hannover, Germany jacobsen@ipi.uni-hannover.de Introduction: Very high resolution images taken

More information

Ocean Color Lesson II: Data Processing and Imagery

Ocean Color Lesson II: Data Processing and Imagery Ocean Color Lesson II: Data Processing and Imagery Ocean color observations made from an Earth orbit allow an oceanographic viewpoint that is impossible from ship or shore -- a global picture of biological

More information

Clouds and the Energy Cycle

Clouds and the Energy Cycle August 1999 NF-207 The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth's many dynamic processes and their interactions Clouds and the Energy Cycle he study of clouds, where they occur, and

More information

ForeCAST : Use of VHR satellite data for forest cartography

ForeCAST : Use of VHR satellite data for forest cartography ForeCAST : Use of VHR satellite data for forest cartography I-MAGE CONSULT UCL- Dpt Sciences du Milieu et de l Aménagement du Territoire Description of the partnership I-MAGE Consult Private partner Team

More information

Files Used in this Tutorial

Files Used in this Tutorial Generate Point Clouds Tutorial This tutorial shows how to generate point clouds from IKONOS satellite stereo imagery. You will view the point clouds in the ENVI LiDAR Viewer. The estimated time to complete

More information

Satellite Imagery Interpretation

Satellite Imagery Interpretation Satellite Types 1. Polar Orbiter (POES) 2. Geosynchronous Orbiters Geostationary Operational Env. Satellite (GOES) GMS EUMETSAT Image Types Garp 1. Visible: radiation reflected by objects 4km/0.65 2. Infrared:

More information

Radiocommunication to monitor climate changes

Radiocommunication to monitor climate changes ITU Symposium on ICTs, the Environment and Climate Change Montreal, Canada - 29 to 31 May 2012 Radiocommunication to monitor climate changes Attila MATAS Head, Space Publication and Registration division

More information

Aerial Films CHAPTER AERIAL FILMS

Aerial Films CHAPTER AERIAL FILMS CHAPTER 3 Aerial Films 3.1 AERIAL FILMS Aerial film is similar in construction to the film popularly used in handheld 35-mm cameras. It comes in rolls that are 10 in. wide and range in length from 200

More information

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan Outline 1. Importance of rain measurement 2. TRMM and Its Achievements 3. Outline of GPM

More information

Satellite Orbits. Satellites & Orbits. Satellite Orbits. Geo-stationary Orbit. Satellite Orbits. Prof. D. Nagesh Kumar.

Satellite Orbits. Satellites & Orbits. Satellite Orbits. Geo-stationary Orbit. Satellite Orbits. Prof. D. Nagesh Kumar. Satellites & Orbits Prof. D. Nagesh Kumar Dept. of Civil Engg. IISc, Bangalore 560 012, India URL: http://www.civil.iisc.ernet.in/~nagesh Orbit will be elliptical or near circular Time taken by a satellite

More information

SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS

SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS SESSION 8: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND MAP PROJECTIONS KEY CONCEPTS: In this session we will look at: Geographic information systems and Map projections. Content that needs to be covered for examination

More information

GIS and Remote Sensing in Diachronic Study of Agriculture in Greece

GIS and Remote Sensing in Diachronic Study of Agriculture in Greece GIS and Remote Sensing in Diachronic Study of Agriculture in Greece Maria Androulidaki a, Michail Salampasis b, Vagis Samathrakis c, Christos Batzios d a Alexander Technology Educational Institute of Thessaloniki,

More information

High Resolution Information from Seven Years of ASTER Data

High Resolution Information from Seven Years of ASTER Data High Resolution Information from Seven Years of ASTER Data Anna Colvin Michigan Technological University Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Outline Part I ASTER mission Terra

More information

Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)

Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) John Furgerson, User Liaison Joint Polar Satellite System National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

More information

Field Techniques Manual: GIS, GPS and Remote Sensing

Field Techniques Manual: GIS, GPS and Remote Sensing Field Techniques Manual: GIS, GPS and Remote Sensing Section A: Introduction Chapter 1: GIS, GPS, Remote Sensing and Fieldwork 1 GIS, GPS, Remote Sensing and Fieldwork The widespread use of computers

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Vol. I - Remote Sensing (Satellite) System Technologies - Michael A. Okoye and Greg T. Koeln

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Vol. I - Remote Sensing (Satellite) System Technologies - Michael A. Okoye and Greg T. Koeln REMOTE SENSING (SATELLITE) SYSTEM TECHNOLOGIES Michael A. Okoye and Greg T. Earth Satellite Corporation, Rockville Maryland, USA Keywords: active microwave, advantages of satellite remote sensing, atmospheric

More information

Remote Sensing an Introduction

Remote Sensing an Introduction Remote Sensing an Introduction Seminar: Space is the Place Referenten: Anica Huck & Michael Schlund Remote Sensing means the observation of, or gathering information about, a target by a device separated

More information

RS platforms. Fabio Dell Acqua - Gruppo di Telerilevamento

RS platforms. Fabio Dell Acqua - Gruppo di Telerilevamento RS platforms Platform vs. instrument Sensor Platform Instrument The remote sensor can be ideally represented as an instrument carried by a platform Platforms Remote Sensing: Ground-based air-borne space-borne

More information

Monitoring Soil Moisture from Space. Dr. Heather McNairn Science and Technology Branch Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada heather.mcnairn@agr.gc.

Monitoring Soil Moisture from Space. Dr. Heather McNairn Science and Technology Branch Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada heather.mcnairn@agr.gc. Monitoring Soil Moisture from Space Dr. Heather McNairn Science and Technology Branch Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada heather.mcnairn@agr.gc.ca What is Remote Sensing? Scientists turn the raw data collected

More information

RESOLUTION, ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND BINARY STARS STUDENT NOTES (KS4)

RESOLUTION, ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND BINARY STARS STUDENT NOTES (KS4) Resolution Astronomers need to be able to look at objects in the sky with high precision. Resolution, or resolving power, is a measure of how well an eye, or a telescope, can do this. It is measured by

More information

Introduction to Remote Sensing and Image Processing

Introduction to Remote Sensing and Image Processing Introduction to Remote Sensing and Image Processing Of all the various data sources used in GIS, one of the most important is undoubtedly that provided by remote sensing. Through the use of satellites,

More information

D.S. Boyd School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University, U.K.

D.S. Boyd School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University, U.K. PHYSICAL BASIS OF REMOTE SENSING D.S. Boyd School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University, U.K. Keywords: Remote sensing, electromagnetic radiation, wavelengths, target, atmosphere, sensor,

More information

RESULTS FROM A SIMPLE INFRARED CLOUD DETECTOR

RESULTS FROM A SIMPLE INFRARED CLOUD DETECTOR RESULTS FROM A SIMPLE INFRARED CLOUD DETECTOR A. Maghrabi 1 and R. Clay 2 1 Institute of Astronomical and Geophysical Research, King Abdulaziz City For Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086 Riyadh 11442,

More information

Infrared Satellite Imagery

Infrared Satellite Imagery Weather Help - Satellite Imagery Infrared Satellite Imagery Infrared Features Clouds: Infrared satellite imagery measures the temperature of the reflecting surface. Cold objects appear white and warm objects

More information

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity Seasonal & Daily Temperatures Seasons & Sun's Distance The role of Earth's tilt, revolution, & rotation in causing spatial, seasonal, & daily temperature variations Please read Chapter 3 in Ahrens Figure

More information

A tiered reconnaissance approach toward flood monitoring utilising multi-source radar and optical data

A tiered reconnaissance approach toward flood monitoring utilising multi-source radar and optical data 5 th International Workshop on Remote Sensing for Disaster Response A tiered reconnaissance approach toward flood monitoring utilising multi-source radar and optical data Anneley McMillan Dr. Beverley

More information

NCDC s SATELLITE DATA, PRODUCTS, and SERVICES

NCDC s SATELLITE DATA, PRODUCTS, and SERVICES **** NCDC s SATELLITE DATA, PRODUCTS, and SERVICES Satellite data and derived products from NOAA s satellite systems are available through the National Climatic Data Center. The two primary systems are

More information

Lecture 1. The nature of electromagnetic radiation.

Lecture 1. The nature of electromagnetic radiation. Lecture 1. The nature of electromagnetic radiation. 1. Basic introduction to the electromagnetic field: Dual nature of electromagnetic radiation Electromagnetic spectrum. Basic radiometric quantities:

More information

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation Reading: Meteorology Today, Chapters 2 and 3 EARTH-SUN GEOMETRY The Earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun The average Earth-Sun

More information

THE ROYAL JORDANIAN GEOGRAPHIC CENTER

THE ROYAL JORDANIAN GEOGRAPHIC CENTER THE ROYAL JORDANIAN GEOGRAPHIC CENTER Outlines: 1- Establishment & Duties 2- Organizational Structure 3- Most Important Achievements 4- Ambitions & Future Vision 2 Establishment & Duties Map Production

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) and Remote Sensing

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) and Remote Sensing Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) and Remote Sensing 1 Atmosphere Anything missing in between? Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) is radiated by atomic particles at the source (the Sun), propagates through

More information

Episode 314: Electromagnetic radiation

Episode 314: Electromagnetic radiation Episode 314: Electromagnetic radiation This episode extends students understanding of the nature of different types of electromagnetic radiation, and considers their shared nature. Summary Demonstration:

More information

Recent advances in Satellite Imagery for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production. DESK AND DERRICK APRIL 2016 PRESENTED BY GARY CREWS---RETIRED

Recent advances in Satellite Imagery for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production. DESK AND DERRICK APRIL 2016 PRESENTED BY GARY CREWS---RETIRED Recent advances in Satellite Imagery for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production. DESK AND DERRICK APRIL 2016 PRESENTED BY GARY CREWS---RETIRED Agenda Brief review of state of the applications in 2010 Basics

More information

Planetary Energy Balance

Planetary Energy Balance Planetary Energy Balance Electromagnetic Spectrum Different types of radiation enter the Earth s atmosphere and they re all a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. One end of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum

More information

Advanced Image Management using the Mosaic Dataset

Advanced Image Management using the Mosaic Dataset Esri International User Conference San Diego, California Technical Workshops July 25, 2012 Advanced Image Management using the Mosaic Dataset Vinay Viswambharan, Mike Muller Agenda ArcGIS Image Management

More information

EVALUATION OF AIRBORNE LIDAR DIGITAL TERRAIN MAPPING FOR HIGHWAY CORRIDOR PLANNING AND DESIGN

EVALUATION OF AIRBORNE LIDAR DIGITAL TERRAIN MAPPING FOR HIGHWAY CORRIDOR PLANNING AND DESIGN Waheed Uddin Director, Center for Advanced Infrastructure Technology, Carrier Hall 203 The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677-1848, USA cvuddin@olemiss.edu KEY WORDS: Terrain, mapping, airborne,

More information

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment With Specific Focus on the RiVAMP Methodology Presented by Nadine Brown August 27, 2012 Climate Studies Group Mona Climate Change Workshop Presentation

More information

Ch 6: Light and Telescope. Wave and Wavelength. Wavelength, Frequency and Speed. v f

Ch 6: Light and Telescope. Wave and Wavelength. Wavelength, Frequency and Speed. v f Ch 6: Light and Telescope Wave and Wavelength..\..\aTeach\PhET\wave-on-a-string_en.jar Wavelength, Frequency and Speed Wave and Wavelength A wave is a disturbance that moves through a medium or through

More information

Using Remote Sensing Imagery to Evaluate Post-Wildfire Damage in Southern California

Using Remote Sensing Imagery to Evaluate Post-Wildfire Damage in Southern California Graham Emde GEOG 3230 Advanced Remote Sensing February 22, 2013 Lab #1 Using Remote Sensing Imagery to Evaluate Post-Wildfire Damage in Southern California Introduction Wildfires are a common disturbance

More information

Unveiling wild animal populations secrets using satellite data. Peter Fretwell, British Antarctic Survey,

Unveiling wild animal populations secrets using satellite data. Peter Fretwell, British Antarctic Survey, Unveiling wild animal populations secrets using satellite data Peter Fretwell, British Antarctic Survey, ptf@bas.ac.uk Why Antarctica? Remote, unexplored, logistically difficult dangerous and expensive

More information

Damage Detection from Landsat-7 Satellite Images for the 2001 Gujarat, India Earthquake

Damage Detection from Landsat-7 Satellite Images for the 2001 Gujarat, India Earthquake Damage Detection from Landsat-7 Satellite Images for the 2001 Gujarat, India Earthquake Yalkun YUSUF 1), Masashi MATSUOKA 1), Fumio YAMAZAKI 1) Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center National Research

More information

History of satellites, and implications for hurricanes monitoring and forecasting

History of satellites, and implications for hurricanes monitoring and forecasting History of satellites, and implications for hurricanes monitoring and forecasting Pat Fitzpatrick Mississippi State University With assistance from Lisa Fitzpatrick 1 Precursor to U.S. Weather Satellite

More information

Light, Light Bulbs and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Light, Light Bulbs and the Electromagnetic Spectrum Light, Light Bulbs and the Electromagnetic Spectrum Spectrum The different wavelengths of electromagnetic waves present in visible light correspond to what we see as different colours. Electromagnetic

More information

ENVI THE PREMIER SOFTWARE FOR EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM GEOSPATIAL IMAGERY.

ENVI THE PREMIER SOFTWARE FOR EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM GEOSPATIAL IMAGERY. ENVI THE PREMIER SOFTWARE FOR EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM GEOSPATIAL IMAGERY. ENVI Imagery Becomes Knowledge ENVI software uses proven scientific methods and automated processes to help you turn geospatial

More information