CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme

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1 CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 01: Bibliography Blais, E.; Liepa, B. (2012): What are macro-regions all about? INTERACT.URL: Edition.pdf (20/06/2012). CENTRAL EUROPE PROGRAMME (2013): CENTRAL EUROPE PROGRAMME 2020, Main inputs collected through partner dialogues, Summary, October 2013 Commission Of The European Communities (2008): Commission Staff Working Document, Regions 2020, An Assessment Of Future Challenges For EU Regions, SEC(2008), September Commission Of The European Communities (2009): Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions, Mainstreaming sustainable development into EU policies: 2009 Review of the European Union Strategy for Sustainable Development, COM(2009) 400 final Commission Of The European Communities (2011): Commission Staff Working Document: The New Trans-European Transport Network Policy Planning and implementation issues, SEC(2011) 101 final Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds Dühr, S. (2011): Baltic Sea, Danube and Macro-regional Strategies: A Model for Transnational Cooperation in the EU?, Notre Europe, September 2011 ESPON (2006), ESPON project 3.2: Spatial Scenarios and Orientations in relation to the ESDP and Cohesion Policy ESPON (2009): Trends in Accessibility. Territorial Observation: Territorial Dynamics in Europe. ESPON (2010): Applied Research 2013/1/5. ReRisk. Regions at Risk of Energy Poverty European Commission (2003): Green Paper: Entrepreneurship in Europe; COM(2003) 27 final European Commission (2005): Integrated environmental management, Guidance in relation to the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment European Commission (2006a): Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment {SEC(2006)16}/* COM/2005/0718 final European Commission (2006b): SCENAR Scenario study on agriculture and the rural world European Commission (2010): COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION EUROPE 2020 A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth COM(2010) 2020 final 1

2 European Commission (2010): Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions: European Union Strategy for Danube Region COM(2010) 715 final European Commission (2011a): Report From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions on the Implementation of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR), COM(2011) 381 final European Commission (2011b): Demography report Older, more numerous and diverse Europeans; Commission Staff Working Document, March European Commission (2012b): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Austria for the period European Commission (2012c): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in the Czech Republic for the period European Commission (2012d): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Germany for the period European Commission (2012e): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in the Republic of Croatia for the period European Commission (2012f): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Hungary for the period European Commission (2012g): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Italy for the period European Commission (2012h): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Poland for the period European Commission (2012i): Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreement and programmes in Slovenia for the period European Commission (2012j): Guidebook Building entrepreneurial mind sets and skills in the EU, DG Enterprise and Industry European Commission (2013a): Sea basin strategy: Adriatic and Ionian Seas. URL: ( ) European Commission, DG Research and Innovation (2013b): Environment: Cultural Heritage. URL: ( ) European Commission (2013c): Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions, An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change COM(2013) 216 final European Commission (2013d): Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: A Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013) 918 final European Union (2010): Investing in Europe s future. Fifth report on economic, social and territorial cohesion Eurostat (2011a): Energy, transport and environment indicators, 2011 edition. Eurostat (2011b): Eurostat regional yearbook 2011, EU International Union for Conservation of Nature (2011): IUCN Definitions, glossary_definitions.pdf IPCC, online (2012): Some Key features of Climate Scenarios for Europe. URL: (09/07/2012) 2

3 Komobile (2013): Sustainable public transport and logistics in the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme. Vienna. Mercer (2013): Worldwide top 50 cities: Quality of living ranking.url: (25/09/2013) Murray, Calulier-Grice and Mulgan (2010): Open Book of Social Innovation, March 2010 OECD (2003): Glossary of statistical terms, OECD (2005): Oslo Manual: guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data; Third edition, 2005 OECD (2011): Workforce skills and innovation: an overview of major themes in the literature, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI), Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) OECD (2013): Definition of Functional Urban Areas (FUA) for the OECD metropolitan database. URL: OECD-metropolitan-database.pdf ÖIR et al. (2011): Regional Challenges in the Perspective of 2020 Phase 2: Deepening and Broadening the Analysis; research study Commissioned by European Commission, Directorate General for Regional Policy, Unit C1 Conception, forward studies, impact assessment; Vienna/Heisdorf/Bonn. ÖIR et al. (2012): CENTRAL EUROPE PROGRAMME, Results of the regional analysis, Document analysis, online survey, interviews, SWOT, September 2012 ÖIR (2013): CENTRAL EUROPE PROGRAMME 2020, Main inputs collected through partner dialogues, Summary Pierre, Jon (2000): Debating Governance: Authority, Steering, and Democracy, Oford University Press, REGULATION (EU) No 1299/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on specific provisions for the support from the European Regional Development Fund to the European territorial cooperation goal REGULATION (EU) No 1301/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on the European Regional Development Fund and on specific provisions concerning the Investment for growth and jobs goal and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1080/2006 REGULATION (EU) No 1303/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006 REGULATION (EU) No 1315/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-european transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU States and Regions of the Alpine region (2013): Intervention Document for the Implementation of A European Union Strategy for the Alpine Region, Grenoble Territorial Agenda of the European Union 2020: Towards an Inclusive, Smart and Sustainable Europe of Diverse Regions (2011), agreed at the Informal Ministerial Meeting of Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning and Territorial Development on 19th May 2011 Gödöllő, Hungary UNESCO (2003): Convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage 3

4 UNESCO (2009): Measuring innovation; Training workshop on science, technology and innovation indicators, 2009 UNISDR (2009): Terminology, Working group of EU Member States eperts (open method of coordination) on cultural and creative industries (2012): Policy Handbook, How to strategically use the EU support programmes, including Structural Funds, to foster the potential of culture for local, regional and national development and the spill-over effects on the wider economy? World Energy Council (2008): Energy Efficiency Policies around the World: Review and Evaluation, January

5 CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 02: Glossary Beneficiaries Beneficiary means a public or private body responsible for initiating or both initiating and implementing operations (according to Article 2(10) of the CPR benefitting from programme funds). Capacities Capacities are to be understood as the combination of all the strengths, attributes and resources available within a community, society or organization that can be used to achieve agreed goals (UNISDR, 2009: Terminology). They comprise the enabling policy, legal and institutional environment including human resources development and the respective managerial systems. Capacities may include infrastructure and physical means, institutions, societal coping abilities, as well as human knowledge, skills and collective attributes such as social relationships, leadership and management. Coordination Coordination is the synchronization and integration of activities, responsibilities, and command and control structures to ensure that resources are used most efficiently in pursuit of the specified objectives. Creative industries Are those industries which use culture as an input and have a cultural dimension, although their outputs are mainly functional. They include architecture and design, which integrate creative elements into wider processes, as well as subsectors such as graphic design, fashion design or advertising (Working group of EU Member States eperts (open method of coordination) on cultural and creative industries, 2012: Policy Handbook). Cultural heritage and resources Cultural heritage is composed of tangible heritage including buildings and historic places, monuments, etc. 1 and intangible cultural heritage which refers to practices, representations, epressions, knowledge, skills etc. (UNESCO 2003: Convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage). Cultural resources comprise both elements, the tangible and intangible cultural heritage, encompassing current culture, including progressive, innovative and urban culture. These resources can be valorised among others in cultural and creative industries. 1 UNESCO: 1

6 Cultural industries Are those industries producing and distributing goods or services which at the time they are developed are considered to have a specific attribute, use or purpose which embodies or conveys cultural epressions, irrespective of the commercial value they may have. Besides the traditional arts sectors (performing arts, visual arts, cultural heritage including the public sector), they include film, DVD and video, television and radio, video games, new media, music, books and press (Working group of EU Member States eperts (open method of coordination) on cultural and creative industries, 2012: Policy Handbook). Energy efficiency Energy efficiency improvements refer to a reduction in the energy used for a given service (heating, lighting, etc.) or level of activity. The reduction in the energy consumption is usually associated with technological changes, but not always since it can also result from better organisation and management or improved economic conditions in the sector ("non-technical factors") (World Energy Council, 2008: Energy Efficiency Policies around the World: Review and Evaluation). Energy planning Energy planning at the territorial level provides a framework linked to policies and economic development which considers the specific local/regional patterns of energy needs and resources serving as a tool to mitigate climate change and enhancing sustainability. Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship is to be understood as the mind set and process to create and develop economic activity by blending risk-taking, creativity and/or innovation with sound management, within a new or an eisting organisation (European Commission, 2003: Green Paper Entrepreneurship in Europe). Environmental protection Any activity that maintains the balance of the environment by preventing contamination and the deterioration of the natural resources, including activities such as: a) changes in the characteristics of goods and services, and changes in consumption patterns; b) changes in production techniques; c) waste treatment or disposal in separate environmental protection facilities; d) recycling; e) prevention of landscape degradation (IUCN, 2011: Definitions). European transport network European transport networks are to be understood in the sense of the Trans-European transport network (TEN-T) consisting of infrastructure for railways, inland waterways, roads, maritime and air transport, thereby ensuring the smooth functioning of the internal market and strengthening economic and social cohesion (Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013: Union guidelines for the development of the trans-european transport network). It is developed through a dual-layer approach, consisting of a comprehensive network which constitutes the basic layer and a core network. The core network consists of the strategically most important parts and constitutes the backbone of the multi-modal mobility network. It concentrates on those components of TEN-T with the highest European added value: cross border missing links, key bottlenecks and multi-modal nodes. 2

7 Functional urban areas The OECD, in cooperation with the European Commission and Eurostat, has developed a harmonised definition of functional urban areas which overcomes previous limitations linked to administrative definitions (OECD, 2012: Redefining Urban: A New Way to Measure Metropolitan Areas). According to this definition a functional urban area is a functional economic unit characterised by densely inhabited urban cores and hinterlands whose labour market is highly integrated with the cores. This definition originating from labour market and commuting considerations provides a spatial delimitation beyond administrative borders which is relevant for a multitude of thematic fields, such as for eample transport (e.g. commuting, transport flows etc.), economic development (e.g. labour market, strategic positioning, etc.), environment (e.g. air/water quality, soil sealing, urban sprawl, etc.), social (e.g. health care, social housing etc.). Governance Governance refers to sustaining coordination and coherence among a wide variety of actors with different purposes and objectives (Pierre, 2000). Such actors may include political actors and institutions, interest groups, civil society, non-governmental and transnational organizations. Innovation Innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or eternal relations (OECD, Oslo Manual, 2005: Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data). Innovation systems and actors An innovation system is to be understood as the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies (Freeman, 1987). The actors of the innovation system include stakeholders from the research and business sector, policy makers and public authorities. Integrated environmental management Integrated environmental management means a comprehensive approach to natural resource planning and management that encompasses ecological, social, and economic objectives. It considers the interrelationships among different elements and incorporates concepts of carrying capacity, resilience and sustainability. Linkages The innovative activities of a firm partly depend on the variety and structure of its links to sources of information, knowledge, technologies, practices, and human and financial resources. Each linkage connects the innovating firm to other actors in the innovation system: government laboratories, universities, policy departments, regulators, competitors, suppliers, and customers (UNESCO, 2009: Measuring innovation). It is of crucial importance to build strong links among all elements operating in innovation systems. Countries that top the innovation inde have improved linkages among innovation actors, most notably in science and higher education and in the public, private and not-for-profit sectors. 3

8 Macro-regional strategy A macro-regional strategy means an integrated framework endorsed by the European Council, which may be supported by the ESI Funds among others, to address common challenges faced by a defined geographical area relating to Member States and third countries located in the same geographical area which thereby benefit from strengthened cooperation contributing to achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion (according to Article 2(31) of the CPR). Mobility planning Low carbon mobility planning is to be understood as a set of interrelated measures designed to satisfy the mobility needs of people and businesses. They are the result of an integrated planning approach and address low carbon forms of transport. Multimodal transport Multimodal transport is understood as the carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport. Intermodal transport is therefore a particular type of multimodal transport (in accordance with the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) definition). Thereby environmentally friendly transport solutions are those allowing a significant reduction of emissions of CO 2, NO and particulate matter as well as of noise. Natural heritage and resources As natural heritage are considered natural features, geological and physiographical formations (including habitats) and natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas. (UNESCO, 1972: Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage). Natural resources are produced by nature, commonly subdivided into non - renewable resources, such as minerals and fossil fuels, and renewable natural resources that propagate or sustain life and are naturally self-renewing when properly managed, including plants and animals, as well as soil and water (IUCN, 2011: Definitions). Peripheral region/area A peripheral region/area is to be understood as a marginalised or badly accessible territory. It has the opposite characteristics of a core region. A peripheral region has mostly rural characteristics with only few major centres of urbanisation. Most people work in primary activities, while job opportunities and wage levels tend to be lower than in core regions. Consequently those regions often suffer from out-migration. Pilot action A pilot action means the implementation of schemes of an eperimental nature to test, evaluate and/or demonstrate its feasibility with the aim to capitalise on those results and transfer practices to other institutions and territories. Public infrastructure Public infrastructure comprises infrastructure that is owned by the public and/or is for public use, including public buildings. 4

9 Regional actors Regional actors are all main stakeholders operating at regional level in a specific thematic field independently from their legal status, thus comprising the public as well as the private sector. These sectors include different types of entities such as public administrations, infrastructure providers and operators, interest groups, NGOs, research centres, education facilities, enterprises including SMEs etc. Regional passenger transport system A regional passenger transport system can be defined as the combination of vehicles, infrastructure, and operations that enable the movements or satisfy the travel demand of people within a defined region. Renewable energy sources Renewable energy sources are a diverse group of technologies that capture their energy from eisting flows of energy, from on-going natural processes, such as sunshine, wind, flowing water, biological processes, and geothermal heat flows. Smart specialisation strategy Smart specialisation strategy means the national or regional innovation strategies which set priorities in order to build competitive advantage by developing and matching research and innovation own strengths to business needs in order to address emerging opportunities and market developments in a coherent manner, while avoiding duplication and fragmentation of efforts; a smart specialisation strategy may take the form of, or be included in, a national or regional research and innovation (R&I) strategic policy framework (according to Article 2(3) of the CPR). Social innovation Social innovations are new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationships or collaborations (Murray et. al, 2010: Open Book of Social Innovation). Fields of activity are among others work integration, social services, education and research, culture and recreation, health etc. Sustainable development Sustainable development means using natural resources in a way that avoids irreversible damage to ecosystem structure and function, the loss of irreplaceable features or a reduction in ecosystem resilience. Environmental interests must be considered alongside social and economic interests, so as to prevent the irreplaceable loss of natural features, function or processes and to ensure a longterm and dependable flow of benefits from the eploitation of renewable resources. Delivering such sustainable development will involve significant measures to recover ecosystem structure and function, where the flow of benefits is already reduced or impaired, or where ecosystem resilience is at risk (IUCN, 2011: Definitions). Sustainable use A usage respecting the principles of sustainability, notably the use of the biosphere by present generations while maintaining its potential yield (benefit) for future generations; and/or the non- 5

10 declining trends of economic growth and development that might be impaired by natural resource depletion and environmental degradation (OECD, 2003: glossary). Transnational Transnational is understood as the integration of the following principles: to ensure joint project development, management, financing and implementation; to address topics of shared interest and common benefit; to develop transferable results which can be applied by various actors and territories. Target groups The target groups concern those individuals and/or organisations directly positively affected by the activities and results of operations. Not necessarily receiving a financial grant and even not directly involved in the operation, the target groups may eploit project outcomes for their own benefits. Vulnerability A set of conditions and processes resulting from physical, social, economic and environmental factors, indicating the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards (IUCN, 2011: Definitions). 6

11 CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 03: List of participating regions NUTS 2 level NUTS Code AT11 AT12 AT13 AT21 AT22 AT31 AT32 AT33 AT34 CZ01 CZ02 CZ03 CZ04 CZ05 CZ06 CZ07 CZ08 DE11 DE12 DE13 DE14 DE21 DE22 DE23 DE24 DE25 DE26 DE27 DE30 DE40 DE80 DED2 DED4 DED5 DEE0 DEG0 Name Burgenland Niederösterreich Wien Kärnten Steiermark Oberösterreich Salzburg Tirol Vorarlberg Praha Strední Čechy Jihozápad Severozápad Severovýchod Jihovýchod Strední Morava Moravskoslezko Stuttgart Karlsruhe Freiburg Tübingen Oberbayern Niederbayern Oberpfalz Oberfranken Mittelfranken Unterfranken Schwaben Berlin Brandenburg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Dresden Chemnitz Leipzig Sachsen-Anhalt Thüringen 1

12 NUTS Code HU10 HU21 HU22 HU23 HU31 HU32 HU33 HR03 HR04 ITC1 ITC2 ITC3 ITC4 ITH1 ITH2 ITH3 ITH4 ITH5 PL11 PL12 PL21 PL22 PL31 PL32 PL33 PL34 PL41 PL42 PL43 PL51 PL52 PL61 PL62 PL63 SI03 SI04 SK01 SK02 SK03 SK04 Name Közép-Magyarország Közép-Dunántúl Nyugat-Dunántúl Dél-Dunántúl Észak-Magyarország Észak-Alföld Dél-Alföld Jadranska Hrvatska Kontinentalna Hrvatska Piemonte Valle d'aosta/vallée d'aoste Liguria Lombardia Provincia Autonoma Bolzano/Bozen Provincia Autonoma Trento Veneto Friuli-Venezia Giulia Emilia-Romagna Łódzkie Mazowieckie Małopolskie Śląskie Lubelskie Podkarpackie Świętokrzyskie Podlaskie Wielkopolskie Zachodniopomorskie Lubuskie Dolnośląskie Opolskie Kujawsko-Pomorskie Warmińsko-Mazurskie Pomorskie Vzhodna Slovenija Zahodna Slovenija Bratislavský kraj Západné Slovensko Stredné Slovensko Východné Slovensko 2

13 CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 04: Table on the justification for selection or non-selection of thematic objectives Thematic objective (TO) Challenges Needs Justification 1. Strengthening research, technological development and innovation Concentration of R&D on a few growth poles Low level of R&D activities in rural/ peripheral regions Brain drain occurrences and deterioration of competitiveness and risk of unemployment On-going labour market transformation Disparities in education and employment Improved framework for innovation Economic specialisation based on regional potentials Enhanced technology transfer between research, education and business Improved skills and knowledge in the field of innovation throughout central Europe Stronger links and networks between regions and innovation actors There is an uneven distribution of R&D activities over central Europe, significant R&D activities in urban and intermediate regions serve as seed-bed and anchor of innovation in central Europe. There is a high potential for mobilisation of synergies between business and research and investments in product and process innovations but linkages are not sufficiently established. The better linkage of advanced regions will support the competitiveness of transnational and regional clusters in central Europe against changes in world market conditions and the inclusion of horizontal challenges (e.g. globalisation, gender issues). The improvement of framework conditions for R&D and innovation will support the characteristics of the CENTRAL EUROPE programme area being a potential destination for foreign investments and capital flows. The fostering of links between business and research increases competitiveness and decreases the risk of brain drain in the CENTRAL EUROPE programme area. The improvement of skills and knowledge of human capital and of entrepreneurs is an important factor for increased innovation capacity in the CENTRAL EUROPE programme area. The promotion of innovation potentials in rural regions encourages impulses for a sustainable and balanced territorial development and will foster economic and social cohesion. The promotion of skills and competences in peripheral and shrinking regions being targeted from long-term (demographic) transformation processes may reduce the increasing lagging behind of peripheral, badly accessible regions. Fostering additional knowledge and skills in the field of economic and social innovation (with a specific focus on SMEs) will increase the entrepreneurial spirit within the regions and improve the endogenous economic potential thus reducing out-migration in peripheral regions. 1

14 Thematic objective (TO) Challenges Needs Justification 2. enhancing access to and use and quality of information and communication technologies 3. enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises, the agricultural sector (for the EAFRD) and fisheries and aquaculture sector (for the EMFF) 4. supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors Significantly uneven distribution of ICTavailability Lack of competences and skills within SMEs in terms of innovative products and services Differences in entrepreneurial culture High dependency on fossil fuels Low gross inland consumption of renewable energy Still increasing energy consumption Inefficient energy use especially in the housing and the public sector Not efficiently eploited potential of renewable energy Tackled sectoral and spatial inequalities in the terms of access to high-speed internet and the development of IT (adaption) Improved industrial networks due to increasing embeddedness of regions into global capital flows Increased numbers of green employment forms, creative industries and co-operative SMEs Improved energy efficiency in all sectors (public and private) Reduced increase of the energy consumption Increased use of the eisting renewable energy potentials TO was NOT selected, because: Lack of relevance for transnational cooperation programme the budget size of the programme will not allow for the necessary infrastructure support Complementarity with other CSF funds/demarcation from other CSF funds - ICT enhancement and quality improvement will be a major objective and task in ERDF and EAFRD, which will be better suited to support infrastructure investments The support of use of ICT will be regarded as horizontal objective within the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme, as TO1, TO4 and TO7 in their implementation will rely on ICT and thus will contribute to indirectly support this objective TO was NOT selected, because: SMEs are tackled through other selected Thematic objectives as specific target groups in the field of innovation, low-carbon economy (green employment forms), environment and culture, etc. The importance of SMEs for the central Europe area has been recognised, and SMEs have been identified as e.g. regional innovation motors, due to the fact that in some regions SMEs show high levels of innovation; on the other hand also deficits and weaknesses have been identified such as a lack of availability of a sufficiently trained workforce; however it became evident within the analysis, that challenges for SMEs can be tackled within other TOs (in particular TO1). TO1 targets especially an enhancement of SME interactions at transnational level and aims to stimulate innovation and competences of SMEs. National specific challenges for SMEs are better tackled through ERDF, EAFRD and EMFF. There is a need for increase of renewable energy production, especially in eastern central Europe. Efficient use of energy can contribute to decreasing central Europe`s energy import dependence and mitigating climate change. The promotion of endogenous resources and energy technologies is a high potential but capacities are often limited. The sectors housing, public services and transport are among the biggest energy consumers especially in urban areas. Their energy use is still wasteful in many regions in central Europe. Potential new green jobs contribute to increase the competitiveness of regions and to reduce unemployment. The implementation of low-carbon strategies supports the reductions of greenhouse gas emissions and of central Europe s eisting dependency on fossil energy. The use of available knowledge on renewable energy of some central 2

15 Thematic objective (TO) Challenges Needs Justification 5. promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management 6. protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency 7. promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures Etent of the vegetation period & more often occurrence of etreme weather events Increase in mean and maimum air temperatures The Czech Republic, Austria and Slovakia are most vulnerable to water dependency Southern and Eastern European regions are most affected in terms of agriculture, forestry & summer tourism Natural/semi-natural environment under pressure Natural and cultural heritage endangered through unsustainable use Air, water and soil pollution Conflicting land use High level of land consumption & fragmentation Urban sprawl Low accessibility of peripheral regions New MS transport systems suffer from reduced public transport services Stronger reliance on individual transport leading to social and environmental problems Transformed water management systems due to on-going desertification & increasing danger of aridity Adaptation and risk prevention mechanisms Increased retention capacities of landscapes (risk management for floods) Careful use of natural and cultural heritage and resources while maintaining an intact environment Improved quality of life in urban areas Reduced land consumption & prevention of further landscape fragmentation Tackle regional accessibility disparities Improve accessibility of cities & regions outside the metropolitan areas and TEN-T corridors Promote environmentally friendly and intelligent public transport systems European regions is a great potential for lagging regions There is the need for increasing the capacity of the public sector for energy efficiency measures Promoting more environment friendly and sustainable low-co 2 urban transport systems contributes to tackle air quality problems (including high concentrations of particulate matters and ozone) and fosters the regional quality of life as well as economic conditions especially around urban nodes. TO was NOT selected, because: Climate Change adaptation is rather an issue of geographically limited initiatives and actions. Therefore these challenges will be more effectively tackled within national, Cross-Border Cooperation programmes or Euro-Regions (see e.g. flood prevention infrastructure). Major challenges and needs can be targeted in a transnational way through other TOs, such as measures for climate change mitigation in terms of the shift towards a low-carbon economy (TO4) or in relation to adaptation and risk prevention measures which will be considered through sustainable management of natural heritage and resources, addressing also resource efficiency (TO6). The richness of central Europe s natural and cultural resources needs to be preserved and their management improved The sustainable use of natural and cultural resources serves as important location factor but they are often not sufficiently used. Pressures on natural and cultural resources endanger the use potentials. Transnational cooperation can help to coordinate sustainable management of natural and cultural resources. Natural and cultural heritage sites are not sufficiently linked. The environmental challenges of air, water and soil pollution, climate, land consumption and land use conflicts and negative spillover effects in agglomeration areas are development barriers. Negative eternal effects of urban areas (agglomeration disadvantages, resulting in e.g. low air quality, etc.) are a major challenge for central Europe s environment and quality of life of urban residents. Weak regional and local accessibility eists outside of central Europe s agglomerations. There is a notable accessibility gap between peripheral rural regions and economic centres and to the TEN-T network Disparities in multimodal accessibility lower the competitiveness of many regions in central Europe. 3

16 Thematic objective (TO) Challenges Needs Justification 8. promoting employment and supporting labour mobility 9. promoting social inclusion and combating poverty Ehausted public transport infrastructure capacity Unemployment rates increased massively in some regions, particularly in Italy and Hungary Transformation of labour markets due to globalisation/division (Eastern Hungarian, Eastern Slovakian and Western Polish regions show highest vulnerability) Spatial diversity of income per capita Clear east-west divide in social services (health, children, elderly) Diversity of shrinking and growing regions eists in geographically minor distance Focusing on public transport & multi-modal transport systems Considering specific geopolitical situation after EU-enlargement & cross-border connections Supported alternative employment forms Considered increased fleibility, adaptability and dynamic development of employment Measures against (youth) unemployment and low activity rates Support of labour market improvements Targeting new demands for locations & new challenges for the regional labour market (including training systems) Resolved economic disparities and reduced segregation Tackle challenges due to ageing society Increased efficient social integration and co-operative networks Secured local and regional basic services Tackled challenge of increasing (risk of) poverty Prevent spatial polarisation & ensure gender equality and non-discrimination Improved situation of ethnicities, minorities, diversified cultures The promotion of the quality of rural-urban connections (as well as regiopolises and surrounding areas) may reduce the gap between peripheral areas and centres. Better regional accessibility contributes to increase the involvement of peripheral, regions into the development process and to reduce regional shrinkage. The implementation of environment-friendly and low-carbon freight transport systems and logistics will contribute to the 2020 targets of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and increase in energy efficiency. Increasing transport volumes reinforce the need for environmentalfriendly and low-carbon freight transport systems. Disparities eist in multimodal accessibility for freight transport in central Europe. TO was NOT selected, because: Complementarity with other CSF funds/demarcation from other CSF funds, the challenges and needs will more effectively be addressed through the ESF. The challenges of employment are deemed as horizontal issue within the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme, thus the support of specific sectors and targeting the strengthening of competences and skills (as covered within TO1, TO4 and TO7, e.g. renewable energy, eco-innovation, smart specialisation) will contribute to improve their economic performance. Labour markets are strongly determined by national legislation, thus a transnational cooperation programme will have rather limited leverage compared to nationally/regionally determined CSF Funds. TO was not selected, because: Complementarity with other CSF funds/demarcation from other CSF funds, the challenges and needs will more effectively be addressed through the ESF. Social policy issues are strongly determined by national policies, thus a transnational cooperation programme will have rather limited leverage compared to nationally/regionally determined CSF Funds. The needs identified although international in character may not be effectively addressed through a transnational cooperation programme e.g. Services of General Economic Interest will call for investment support, which may not be covered by TNC budgets. The issue of equal opportunities and non-discrimination will be regarded as horizontal issue to all TOs selected within the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme and implemented through the selection and monitoring of operations. 4

17 Thematic objective (TO) Challenges Needs Justification 10. investing in education, skills and lifelong learning 11. enhancing institutional capacity and an efficient public administration Varying educational levels and quality Increased participation in education Improved lifelong learning & guidance Reduced depopulation tendencies in peripheral regions Low level of cooperation between public entities & public participation Low level of e-administration in some regions Focusing on a cross-sectoral approach to connect the different levels of administrations Increased efficiency of the public sector Enhanced level of self-government administration Increased co-operations on institutional, political and administrative level TO was not selected, because: Complementarity with other CSF funds/demarcation from other CSF funds, the challenges and needs will more effectively be addressed through the ESF as well as ERDF and EAFRD, where education and training is to be implemented as horizontal objective Major challenges, as e.g. in the field of education are targeted through interventions within TO1 such as in the field of strengthening competences and skills for economic and social innovation. TO was not selected, because: Major challenges or the need to enhance institutional capacity is targeted as an important horizontal issue within all TOs by the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme 5

18 TO 1 Research, technological development and innovation TO 2 ICT TO 3 Competitiveness of SMEs CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 05: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the central Europe area (per thematic objective) I n t e r n a l f a c t o r s E t e r n a l f a c t o r s Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Growth in business-related services, cross-sectorial and technologyoriented industries High epenses in R&D in urban regions, attractive labour markets for highly skilled workers Some rural and intermediate areas show significant R&D activities ( islands of innovation ) High level of eperience and knowhow in high-tech services Support of several clusters by different national strategies Most of the capital regions in central Europe and the southern Germany boast high levels of high-speed internet connections Frog-leaping of technological progress in terms of ICT-quality in some regions (broadband implementation) In some regions local enterprises/ SMEs show high levels of innovation SMEs are the seedbed for technological innovation and in combination with good education levels, entrepreneurs may act as regional innovation motors Low level of R&D in several (rural) regions Insufficient technology transfer and lack in the access to R&D-results especially for SMEs Strong economic disparities between central European regions, comparably lower levels of R&D in New Member States Inequalities in GDP between peripheral and central areas Sectorial and spatial inequalities of ICT-infrastructure Broadband coverage in thinly populated areas generally lags behind that in densely populated ones Increasing gaps between well connected regions and those with ICT deficits Strong economic regional disparities Access to finance still remains fragmented and out of line with current needs, especially for startups Deficits in green employment forms, creative industries and cooperative SMEs (clusters, networks) Promotion of innovation and an attractive investment climate Positive influence of growth poles Policy support for cooperative economic activities, development of clusters and networks Mobile technologies can play a key role in closing the gap of ICT coverage between thinly and densely populated areas Epansion of action radii due to enlargement processes Enhancement of competitiveness and deregulation for triggering SME development Globalisation and EU enlargement as a means for accessing new markets and capital Increasing gaps between advanced regions and regions with innovation deficits Brain drain of young and creative talents from peripheral regions Increasing (labour) market competition with other global regions (China, India) and pressure on economic productivity Epensive infrastructure investments for broadband etension Over-regulation in some policy fields (e.g. national market protection, social security, labour markets) Lack of availability of a sufficiently trained workforce as reason for losing the ground in competitiveness in a globalized world 1

19 TO 4 Low-carbon economy in all sectors TO 5 Climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management TO 6 Environment and resource efficiency I n t e r n a l f a c t o r s E t e r n a l f a c t o r s Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats High level of eperience and knowhow in renewable energy Increase of clean energy production (wind, solar, biomass, hydropower, geothermal energy) High percentage of biomass production in some regions Eisting geothermal energy potentials Use of energy saving technologies (infrastructure/housing) in some regions Eisting flood prevention measures and hazard zoning, especially in Alpine regions Richness and diversity of landscape, natural and cultural heritage (important location factors) Use of endogenous potential to strengthen regional identity Italy, Hungary and Slovenia have a higher share of protected areas than the EU-27 average Waste water treatment capacity is very high in Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria and Germany Increasing energy demand and lack of energy corridors and power lines especially for renewable energy High level of energy import dependency and imports from countries vulnerable to economic or political instability Use of renewable energy resources still low in new MS (e.g. Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia) Low energy efficiency in regions of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and in public institutions High energy intensive transport High water dependency of some regions due to intensive agriculture or hydropower use New MS are more vulnerable to a significant climate change impact on summer tourism High probability of floods along river basins (most vulnerable: Germany, Western Poland) Fragmentation, loss and diminishing diversity of natural areas, missing ecosystem-networks Land use pressure leading to user conflicts, landscape fragmentation and biodiversity loss Low air quality and high particular matter & ozone concentration in cities Bad water quality of rivers and lakes in some regions (eutrophication) Lack of quality and quantity of environmental infrastructure in some regions (waste and water treatment) Increasing prices for fossil fuels open up opportunities for the use of renewable energy resources and the creation of new sources of income and employment Increasing awareness about climate change effects and adaptation measures Integrated management of natural and cultural resources contributes to sustainable longterm socio-economic development of regions Establishment of a high proportion of protected areas through EU funds and policies Cohesion Policy focusing on environmental infrastructure, including clean drinking water supply, waste management and waste water treatment Growth potential of green economy Eisting lifestyles in mature economies and catching up processes in new MS lead to increased energy demand Transport is the fastest growing sector in terms of energy use, with the strongest reliance on fossil fuel Increasing occurrences of natural hazards and floods Increase of average air temperature (e.g. continuous reduction of blanket of snow) Climate change affecting nature (e.g. etinction of species; geographical shift of crops) and increasing aridity in some regions as well as strongly increasing the number of tropical nights in urban areas Risk of hydrogeological instability Increasing unsustainable use of environmental resources due to economic activities On-going (sub)urbanisation processes causing land use conflicts and urban environmental challenges 2

20 TO 7 Sustainable transport and key network infrastructures TO 8 Employment and labour mobility I n t e r n a l f a c t o r s E t e r n a l f a c t o r s Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Deteriorating cultural heritage High accessibility by rail around city hubs (nodes) and along corridors of high-speed rail lines Ongoing activities to promote sustainable transport High-speed projects in Southern Germany led to improved accessibility Economic migration across borders and high quality of cross-border labour markets Eisting labour market cooperation Lack of integrated transport systems and multimodality especially in the new Member States Core-periphery disparities in accessibility: Core: regions of Germany, Austria and Northern Italy; periphery: the Eastern and Southern European regions Weak regional and local accessibility (railways, motorways and airports) especially outside of agglomeration areas and in the New Member States Low quality of public transport, decreasing share of public transport as well as missing road links and border-crossings in many peripheral regions Lack of accessibility of urban centres from some peripheral regions Strong economic disparities between regions in old and new MS Insufficient access to services and employment in regions dominated by small villages and sparsely populated areas High unemployment rate in eastern German regions, border regions in the north-east of Hungary and Central-Eastern Slovakia Unidirectional workforce migration from new to old MS On-going investments in connections of long-distance transport TEN-T networks/high potential multimodal accessibility in capital regions and in the western central Europe regions Increasing accessibility in Europe also strengthens accessibility of central European regions Economic development of industrialised areas is closely linked to the multimodal echange of goods and efficient freight transport A more fleible labour market and support of alternative employment through EU legislation Echange of knowledge and cultural values promoting a fleible creative workforce Disparities in multimodal accessibility lower the competitiveness of regions Eastern countries are in a catching up process and motorized individual transport is on the rise Increasing (labour) market competition with other global regions (China, India, ) and pressure on economic productivity Accelerating brain drain of young and creative talents from peripheral regions Decrease of employment in the primary and secondary sector due to market transformation TO 9 Social Inclusion and combating poverty Diverse population, as e.g. ethnic diversity and presence of linguistic minorities Respect of gender equality Public interventions for the provision of equal opportunities High polarisation in terms of income, education, health care, demographics, and employment Increasing gaps in quality and conditions of public services (eastwest divide) Equal opportunities as a horizontal theme in the programme lifecycle Promotion of social innovation can facilitate social inclusion Ageing population Shrinking peripheral regions Increasing social diversity and polarisation 3

21 TO 10 Education, Skills and lifelong learning TO 11 Institutional capacity and efficient public administration I n t e r n a l f a c t o r s E t e r n a l f a c t o r s Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Marginalisation of peripheral areas Risk of poverty for different population groups (e.g. women, migrants) Higher education levels leading to increased fleibility of people Increasing female education participation Employment growth through qualified and fleible workforce Highest share of population with tertiary education located around major cities Connected top-down and bottom-up initiatives with the help of multilevel governance including e.g. participatory elements Tradition of interregional, transnational and cross-border cooperation on institutional, political and administrative level and within projects (e.g. strengthening of identities, economic cooperation, labour market migration) Education deficits in south-eastern regions Decrease in the proportion of the population with tertiary education in the old MS Low levels of public e- administration Lack of a cross sectorial (integrated) approaches Echange of knowledge and cultural values promoting a fleible creative workforce Increase of knowledge and skills will contribute to respond to manage challenges such as those deriving from demographic change, migration and brain drain Maturity of European knowledge society (Bologna process; Student echange programs) Connectivity to macro-regional strategies such as the Baltic Sea Strategy, the Danube Strategy and forthcoming strategies Traditional administration accompanied by e-administration Increasing competition between regions (labour market and population) Increasing gap between regulation and implementation; capacity needs (know-how, human resources) for administrations Over-regulation in some policy fields (e.g. national market protection, social security, labour markets) 4

22 CENTRAL EUROPE 2020 Programme Anne 06: Maps and figures (section 1) Map 2: Gross domestic product (GDP) in thousands of EUR per inhabitant - current market prices in 2010 and total intramural R&D ependiture (GERD) in 2009 (%) Source: IGSO PAS based on Eurostat,

23 Map 3: Natural hazards. Map of vulnerability Source: IGSO PAS based on ÖIR et al. (2011) Regional Challenges in the Perspective of 2020 Phase 2: Deepening and Broadening the Analysis. Final report. Vienna/Heisdorf/Bonn, May

24 Map 4: Natura 2000 areas under the Habitats and Birds Directives, data 2013 Source: EEA (etract), 2013, 3

25 Figure 1: Programme strategy - objective tree 4

26 Anne 07 CENTRAL EUROPE : Intervention logic Priority 1: Cooperating on innovation to make CENTRAL EUROPE more competitive Investment priority 1b: promoting business investment in innovation and research, and developing links and synergies between enterprises, R&D centres and higher education, in particular product and service development, technology transfer, social innovation, eco-innovation and public service applications Specific objective 1.1 To improve sustainable linkages among actors of the innovation systems for strengthening regional innovation capacity in central Europe Specific objective 1.2 To improve skills and entrepreneurial competences advancing economic and social innovation in central European regions Epected result Increased and more sustainable linkages of actors in the innovation systems strengthening the innovation capacity within central European regions Epected result Improved skills and competences of employees and entrepreneurs driving economic and social innovation in central European regions Result indicator 1.1 Status of linkages among actors of the innovation systems achieved through transnational cooperation in central European regions Result indicator 1.2 Status of capacities of the public and private sector for skills development of employees and entrepreneurial competences achieved through transnational cooperation driving economic and social innovation in central European regions Eamples of actions: Establishing and further strengthening transnational innovation networks and clusters, also supporting their internationalisation Enhancing the transfer of R&D-results from research institutions to the business sector (in particular SMEs) leading to new services and products Building transnational links for improving eisting and developing new services which support innovation in businesses Strengthening links between the public sector, finance institutions as well as the business sector (in particular SMEs) to design and test new structures and services that facilitate the access to financing of innovation Increasing cooperation between research, the public and private sectors to stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship (e.g. reduction of administrative barriers of innovation, public procurement of innovative products and services, social innovation, etc.) Eamples of actions: Increasing skills of employees in the business sector (particularly SMEs) regarding novel technologies (e.g. eco-innovation, low-carbon technologies, ICT, key enabling technologies, etc.), innovative products, services or processes and social innovation contributing to regional smart specialisation strategies Developing and implementing strategies and tools to improve creativity and entrepreneurial mind-sets building on different business cultures and on all levels of education Developing and implementing strategies and tools for improving technological and managerial competences for entrepreneurship for economic and social innovation (e.g. healthcare and social inclusion of minorities, disabled persons, elderly etc.) Adapting, developing, and testing innovative learning systems for increasing skills and entrepreneurial competences considering demographic change challenges (e.g. ageing society, youth unemployment, shrinking regions facing skills shortages etc.) 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for strengthening linkages within the innovation systems 3. Number of tools and services developed and/or implemented for strengthening linkages within the innovation systems 5. Number of innovation networks established Output indicators: 2. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for improvement of skills and competences of employees and entrepreneurs 4. Number of tools developed and/or implemented for improving skills and competences of employees and entrepreneurs 6. Number of pilot actions implemented for strengthening linkages within the innovation systems 7. Number of pilot actions implemented for improving of skills and competences of employees and entrepreneurs 8. Number of trainings implemented for improving innovation capacity and mind sets Target groups: Enterprises (with a specific focus on SMEs) and their employees, entrepreneurs, cluster organisations, the public sector, intermediaries as well as private and public research institutions, R&D facilities, centres of R&D ecellence; public and private actors dealing with social and economic innovation as well as all population groups which are affected by the issue

27 Anne 07 CENTRAL EUROPE : Intervention logic Priority 2 Cooperating on low-carbon strategies in CENTRAL EUROPE Investment priority 4c: supporting energy efficiency, smart energy management and renewable energy use in public infrastructures Investment priority 4e: promoting low-carbon strategies for all types of territories, in particular urban areas, including the promotion of sustainable multimodal urban mobility and mitigation relevant adaptation measures Specific objective 2.1 To develop and implement solutions for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy usage in public infrastructures Specific objective 2.2 To improve territorially based low-carbon energy planning strategies and policies supporting climate change mitigation Specific objective 2.3 To improve capacities for mobility planning in functional urban areas to lower CO 2 emissions Epected result Improved capacities of the public sector and related entities for increased energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures in central Europe Epected result Improved capacities of the public sector and related entities for territorially based low-carbon energy planning and policies in central European regions Epected result Improved capacities of the public sector and related entities for low-carbon mobility planning in central Europe s functional urban areas Result indicator 2.1 Status of capacities of the public sector and related entities for increased energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures achieved through transnational cooperation Result indicator 2.2 Status of capacities of the public sector and related entities for territorially based low-carbon energy planning and policies achieved through transnational cooperation Result indicator 2.3 Status of capacities of the public sector and related entities for low-carbon mobility planning in functional urban areas achieved through transnational cooperation Eamples of actions: Developing, testing and implementing policies, strategies and solutions to improve the energy efficiency in public infrastructures including buildings as well as to increase the use of renewable energies Developing and testing innovative management approaches to increase regional capacities for improving the energy performance in public infrastructure including buildings (e.g. energy managers) Developing and implementing solutions for the application of novel energy saving technologies that will increase the energy efficiency in public infrastructures including buildings Harmonising concepts, standards and certification systems at transnational level to improve the energy performance in public infrastructure including buildings Strengthening the capacity of the public sector to develop and implement innovative energy services, incentives and financing schemes (e.g. energy performance contracting, PPP models, etc.) Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing integrated territorial strategies and plans to increase the use of endogenous renewable energy potentials and to improve regional energy performance Designing and testing concepts and tools for the eploitation of endogenous renewable energy resources Developing and implementing territorial strategies to improve the energy management in both the public and the private sector (especially in SMEs) Developing demand-focused strategies and policies to reduce energy consumption (e.g. smart metering, distribution of smart consumer applications, etc.) Developing and testing solutions for improved interconnections and coordination of energy networks targeting the integration and use of renewable energy sources Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing integrated mobility concepts, action plans and services for reducing CO 2 emissions Setting up and/or adapting governance systems as a basis for integrated lowcarbon mobility in functional urban areas Developing and testing concepts and strategies (including innovative financing and investment models) to facilitate the introduction of novel low-carbon technologies in the public transport sector in functional urban areas Developing and implementing services and products fostering smart low-carbon mobility in functional urban areas (e.g. multimodal services, etc.) Output indicators: 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for improved energy efficiency and renewable energy use of public infrastructures 2. Number of tools and/or services developed and/or implemented for improved energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures 3. Number of pilot actions implemented for improved energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures 4. Number of trainings implemented for improved energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for improving local/regional energy performance 3. Number of tools developed and/or implemented for the improving local/regional energy performance 5. Number of pilot actions implemented for the improving local/regional energy performance Output indicators: 7. Number of trainings implemented on low-carbon solutions 2. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for low-carbon mobility in functional urban areas 4. Number of tools and/or services developed and/or implemented for lowcarbon mobility in functional urban areas 6. Number of pilot actions implemented for low-carbon mobility in functional urban areas Target groups: Focus on public institutions, in particular owners and operators of public infrastructure, additionally, all population groups which are benefitting from an improved energy performance of public infrastructure Target groups: Public and private actors, such as energy and public transport operators, policy makers and planners, energy distributers, infrastructure providers and other local and regional energy actors as well as enterprises including SMEs, additionally all population groups which are benefitting from improved regional and local energy performance as well as users of improved low-carbon public transport systems in functional urban areas

28 Anne 07 CENTRAL EUROPE : Intervention logic Priority3 Cooperating on natural and cultural resources for sustainable growth in CENTRAL EUROPE Investment priority 6c: conserving, protecting, promoting and developing natural and cultural heritage Investment priority 6e: action to improve the urban environment, revitalisation of cities, regeneration and decontamination of brownfield sites (including conversion areas) and reduction of air pollution and promotion of noise-reduction measures Specific objective 3.1 To improve integrated environmental management capacities for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources Specific objective 3.2 To improve capacities for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources Specific objective 3.3 To improve environmental management of functional urban areas to make them more liveable places Epected result Improved integrated environmental management capacities of the public sector and related entities for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources in central Europe Result indicator 3.1 Status of integrated environmental management capacities of the public sector and related entities for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources achieved through transnational cooperation Epected result Improved capacities of the public and private sector for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources in central Europe Result indicator 3.2 Status of capacities of the public and private sector for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources achieved through transnational cooperation Epected result Improved integrated environmental management capacities of the public sector and related entities in central Europe s functional urban areas regions for making them more liveable places Result indicator 3.3 Status of integrated environmental management capacities of the public sector and related entities in functional urban areas achieved through transnational cooperation for making them more liveable places Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing integrated strategies and tools for the sustainable management of protected or environmentally highly valuable areas (e.g. biodiversity, landscapes, eco-systems, etc.) Developing and implementing integrated strategies and tools to sustainably use natural resources for regional development, thus avoiding potential use conflicts (e.g. with tourism, transport, industry, agriculture, energy etc.) Developing and testing the application of innovative technologies and tools that facilitate effective integrated environmental management (e.g. remediation technologies, monitoring tools etc.) Developing and testing applications to improve the efficient management of natural resources in public institutions and enterprises (e.g. reduction of natural resource consumption, closed loop systems) Harmonising environmental management concepts and tools on the transnational level for risk prevention and management (e.g. for flood risk management plans) and to reduce negative climate change impacts on the environment and human life (e.g. adaptation measures) Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing strategies and policies for valorising cultural heritage and resources and/or the potentials of cultural and creative industries Developing and implementing integrated territorial development strategies and concepts building on cultural heritage to foster sustainable economic growth and employment (e.g. in the tourism sector) Developing and testing innovative management tools for the preservation and sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources (e.g. ICT applications) Establishing and strengthening transnational cooperation among relevant actors to foster the sustainable use and the promotion of cultural heritage sites in central Europe Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing strategies and tools (including innovative financing and investment models) to manage and improve environmental quality (air, water, waste, soil, climate) as well as to tackle natural and manmade risks in functional urban areas Strengthening the capacity for environmental planning and management (e.g. participatory planning mechanisms and decision making processes) at the level of functional urban areas Developing and implementing integrated strategies, policies and tools to reduce land-use conflicts in functional urban areas (e.g. urban sprawl, shrinkage and fragmentation also in the view of social implications) Developing and implementing integrated strategies and pilot applications for the rehabilitation and reactivation of brownfield sites Developing concepts and implementing environmental pilot applications to support the development towards smart cities (e.g. ICT applications, environmental technologies) 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources 3. Number of tools developed and/or implemented for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources Output indicators: 5. Number of pilot actions implemented for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources 7. Number of trainings implemented on the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources 2. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources 4. Number of tools developed and/or implemented for the sustainable use of cultural resources and heritage 6. Number of pilot actions implemented for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources 8. Number of trainings implemented on the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources Output indicators: 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for the improvement of environmental quality in functional urban areas 2. Number of tools developed and/or implemented for the improvement of environmental quality in functional urban areas 3. Number of pilot actions implemented for the improvement of environmental quality in functional urban areas 4. Number of trainings implemented on the improvement of environmental quality in functional urban areas 5. planning Target groups: Public and private actors, such as policy makers and planners and organisations dealing with the protection, management and valorisation of natural and/or cultural heritage and resources as well as owners and users of natural and/or cultural heritage sites, additionally all population groups which are benefitting from the improved management of natural and cultural heritage and resources Target groups: Public and private actors, such as policy makers, planners, environmental facilities, infrastructure owners and operators as well as other organisations influencing the development of functional urban areas, additionally all population groups within functional urban areas which are benefitting from improved environmental management

29 Anne 07 CENTRAL EUROPE : Intervention logic Priority 4: Cooperating on transport to better connect CENTRAL EUROPE Investment priority 7b: enhancing regional mobility through connecting secondary and tertiary nodes to TEN-T infrastructure, including multimodal nodes Investment priority 7c: developing and improving environment-friendly (including low-noise) and low-carbon transport systems including inland waterways and maritime transport, ports, multimodal links and airport infrastructure, in order to promote sustainable regional and local mobility Specific objective 4.1 To improve planning and coordination of regional passenger transport systems for better connections to national and European transport networks Specific objective 4.2 To improve coordination among freight transport stakeholders for increasing multimodal environmentally-friendly freight solutions Epected result Improved and coordinated planning capacities of the public sector and related entities for regional passenger transport systems in central Europe linked to national and European transport networks Result indicator 4.1 Status of coordinated planning capacities of the public sector and related entities for regional passenger transport systems linked to national and European transport networks achieved through transnational cooperation Epected result Improved coordination among freight transport stakeholders for increasing multimodal environmentally-friendly freight solutions in central Europe Result indicator 4.2 Status of coordination among freight transport stakeholders for increasing multimodal environmentally-friendly freight solutions achieved through transnational cooperation Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing strategies (including innovative financing and investment models) to link sustainable passenger transport in particular in peripheral areas to the TEN-T network as well as to the primary, secondary and tertiary transport nodes Developing and implementing coordinated strategies, tools and pilot applications to improve regional public transport systems for passengers in particular across borders (e.g. commuter connections, interoperability, etc.) Developing concepts and testing pilot applications for smart regional mobility (e.g. multimodal ticketing, ICT tools, routes on demand, etc.) Developing coordinated concepts, standards and tools for improved mobility services in the public interest (e.g. for disadvantaged groups, for shrinking regions, etc.) Eamples of actions: Developing and implementing coordinated strategies (including innovative financing and investment models) for strengthening the multimodality of environmentallyfriendly freight transport systems (e.g. rail, river, or sea transport) Developing and implementing coordination and collaboration mechanisms between multimodal freight transport actors Developing and implementing coordinated concepts, management tools and services aimed at increasing the share of environmentally friendly logistics through optimised freight transport chains (e.g. multimodal transnational freight transport flows) Developing and testing coordinated strategies and concepts for greening the last mile of freight transport (e.g. logistics planning) Output indicators: 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for the improvement of regional passenger transport 2. Number of tools and/or services developed and/or implemented for the improvement of regional passenger transport 3. Number of pilot actions implemented for the improvement of regional passenger transport 4. Number of trainings implemented on the improvement of regional passenger transport Output indicators: 1. Number of strategies and action plans developed and/or implemented for multimodal environmentally-friendly freight transport 2. Number of tools and services developed and/or implemented for multimodal environmentally-friendly freight transport 3. Number of pilot actions implemented for multimodal environmentallyfriendly freight transport 4. Number of trainings implemented on multimodal environmentally-friendly freight transport Target groups: Public and private sector, such as institutions responsible for planning and managing regional transport networks, public transport operators, infrastructure providers and other local or regional transport actors, additionally all population groups which can benefit from improved regional passenger transport services (e.g. commuters, tourists, etc.) Target groups: Public and private sector, such as providers and operators of freight transport and logistics services, commercial customers of freight transport systems, institutions planning and managing freight transport, infrastructure providers and other local or regional freight transport actors

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