12 ENERGY Introduction

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "12 ENERGY. 12.1 Introduction"

Transcription

1 12 Energy

2 12.1 Introduction Otago is a hydro-electric power producing region and a major exporter of electricity in New Zealand today. The two large existing hydro-electric schemes in the region, Roxburgh (320 MW) and Clyde (432 MW), combined with the large number of other medium and small size schemes, bring the region s total capacity to 859 MW. However, only partial exploitation of Otago s hydroelectric resources has occurred to date and subject to water allocation decisions, considerable potential remains for further development of the renewable water resource. Energy use is understood to be increasing in Otago with recent sales figures from the region s four electricity supply authorities showing steady increases. Demand patterns for non-renewable energy sources such as petrol are similarly growing. This is The Electricity Corporation of New Zealand (ECNZ) is conducting ongoing investigations into further stations at Lake Hawea outlet, Luggate and Queensberry on the upper Clutha River and at Tuapeka Mouth on the lower Clutha River. Electricity supply authorities and other developers may also have options for further hydro-electric development in the region. The potential total capacity of hydro-electric schemes in Otago is estimated at 2,222 MW, of which 1,020 MW is considered by the Ministry of Commerce to have attractive potential. As such, 13% of New Zealand s most attractive remaining hydro resource potential is located in Otago (see Figure 6). Otago also has a range of other conventional energy resources which could offer future development opportunities (eg. the subbituminous coal and lignite fields at Kaitangata, St Bathans and Roxburgh). Major coal resources exist in the Otago region and this energy is important to local industry and consumers. However, less conventional energy sources such as biogas, solar, cogeneration and wind power are increasingly recognised as acceptable longterm energy sources which, for Otago, appear likely to offer more promising opportunities and lower associated environmental impacts (eg. the potential wind farm site of Rocklands in inland Otago). Figure 6 Existing and Potential Hydro-Electric Resources in New Zealand (Source: Hydro Resources of New Zealand, Resource Information Report 7, Ministry of Commerce, Wellington, April 1990) Regional Policy Statement for Otago 166

3 comparable with national trends in energy use which suggest that there has been a rising use of energy per unit of gross domestic product (ie. rising energy intensity). This is a direct result of investment in energy intensive industries such as tourism, meat and dairy processing, aluminium smelting, forestry and petrochemicals, and the substitution of energy for labour. This investment reflects the changes to our economy as we add more value to our primary products prior to export. The Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment tabled a report in Parliament in 1992 which referred to New Zealand s present energy use as inefficient and unsustainable and as a problem which is getting worse. However, opportunities exist for improving the efficiency of energy use. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 167

4 12.2 Roles of Different Agencies The production and use of energy (including the development of energy resources) within New Zealand is largely determined by the free market. Central Government planning or control is minimal. At the regional and local level, local authorities are responsible, under the Resource Management Act, for promoting the sustainable and efficient management of Otago s natural and physical resources. The Act defines natural and physical resources as including energy. The powers available under the Resource Management Act to directly control the production and use of energy and the development of the region s energy resources, are limited. The adverse effects of energy production, use, transmission and distribution are considered, along with the effects of all activities utilising the region s resources, within appropriate chapters of this Regional Policy Statement, including manawhenua, land, water, air, coast and the built environment. The roles of the various agencies are: Central Government The Energy and Resources Division of the Ministry of Commerce collects and collates information as required by statute and provides policy advice to Government on matters related to energy. It also undertakes energy forecasting. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority was established in June 1992 as an independent agency within the Ministry of Commerce. The Authority s role is to promote the conservation of energy resources. The Authority does not have a regulatory role Otago Regional Council The Otago Regional Council has a responsibility to promote the sustainable and efficient management of the region s resources, including energy resources. As such, the Council is able to advocate for and educate and promote such things as clean renewable energy sources and energy efficient practices in order to ensure they have a central role in Otago s future. The Regional Council is also responsible for considering the adverse effects of energy production, use, transmission and distribution on Otago s land, water, air, coastal and built environment resources. It does this through considering applications for resource consents to utilise those resources and through establishing policies and plans Territorial Local Authorities Otago s territorial local authorities are also responsible for promoting the sustainable and efficient management of natural and physical resources and are therefore able to educate about, advocate and promote about the sustainable and efficient production and use of energy. They also manage landuses and are able to make decisions that result in the avoidance, remedy or mitigation of the adverse effects of energy production, use, transmission and distribution. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 168

5 12.3 Issues Explanation Objectives Policies See Also Other Issues The production and use of energy can have both positive and negative effects on Otago s communities and resources. The production, use, transmission and distribution of energy is often associated with undesirable environmental effects, including adverse effects on public health. At the extreme, nuclear power generation holds the risk of Chernobyl-type accidents. With hydroelectric developments, there is the risk of disasters similar to that of Longerone, Italy, where two thousand people were killed in 1962 when a mountainside fell into the Vaiont reservoir and flooded the valley. The more commonly cited adverse effects of hydro-electric power development include effects on the natural character of river systems, flora and fauna and local communities. Unmodified and unregulated rivers are a diminishing resource. Hydro development can interfere with or prevent other uses and values of a river, such as scenic values, fish use, wildlife habitats, recreational uses, irrigation or reticulation, tourism features and opportunities and manawhenua values. Sediment balances can be altered and ecological effects may extend to coastal environments. Rigorous environmental analysis is a component of any new energy project proposals and this assists in the sustainable management of affected land, water and other resources to to to 6.3.8; to to to to The use of fossil fuels is associated with most air pollution (90% of carbon dioxide emissions in New Zealand are energy related), some solid waste contamination and water pollution incidents. Such pollution can adversely affect the public health of communities. Undesirable environmental effects are also associated with the development of less conventional power sources. Bacteriological and chemical pollution, climatic change and aesthetic and noise intrusion are possible effects. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 169

6 Issues Explanation Objective Policies See Also Other Issues At the same time the production, use, transmission and distribution of energy and the development of energy resources has positive impacts. The provision of energy to sustain lifestyles enjoyed by the region s population is one example. Energy developments have also been found to create new habitats, contribute to landscape values, create employment opportunities and recreational amenities, improve community facilities, create irrigation opportunities and provide flood reduction benefits Otago s dependence on non-renewable energy resources is unsustainable in the long term. Continued dependence on non-renewable sources of energy, such as oil, gas and coal, is unsustainable in the long-term. The development of and transition to renewable minimum impact energy sources will allow future generations to meet their energy needs with least adverse environmental impact to to to to Wasteful and inefficient energy use occurs in Otago. The amount of energy wasted in Otago, both in terms of domestic consumption and commercial and industrial use, can be reduced by adopting and improving energy efficient practices. There is a potential and willingness to achieve more efficient use of energy in Otago to to Long-term regional benefits from energy developments have not been fully realised in Otago. The Otago community has borne a great deal of the flow-on environmental costs of hydro electric developments without necessarily being adequately compensated to Regional Policy Statement for Otago 170

7 12.4 Objectives Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Policies See Also Other Objectives To avoid, remedy or mitigate the adverse effects on Otago s communities and environment resulting from the production and use of energy. This objective recognises that the production and use of energy, and the development of Otago s energy resources, may cause adverse effects, and aims to allow for the avoidance, remedy (including compensation) or mitigation of such effects in order that the quality and life-supporting capacity of the environment is not compromised to to to to to to To sustainably and efficiently produce and use energy taking into account community values and expectations. This objective establishes a framework for the sustainable and efficient management of the region s natural energy assets and supports, where environmentally appropriate and economically viable, continued production, use and further development of these resources to to to to To encourage use of renewable resources to produce energy. Using greater amounts of energy from renewable energy resources lessens Otago s dependence on non renewable energy resources to to Regional Policy Statement for Otago 171

8 12.5 Policies Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Methods See Also Other Policies Provide for procedures to prohibit the production of nuclear power throughout the region. Section 5 of the Resource Management Act requires that the lifesupporting capacity of air, water, soil and ecosystems be safeguarded and that the adverse effects of activities be avoided, remedied or mitigated. In order to avoid any adverse effects associated with nuclear accidents and to protect the life-supporting capacity of Otago s resources, provision will be made for the production of nuclear power within Otago to be prohibited to to to to To promote the sustainable management and use of energy through: (a) Encouraging energy production facilities that draw on the region s renewable energy resources; and (b) Encouraging the use of renewable energy resources, in a way that safeguards the lifesupporting capacity of air, water, soil and ecosystems and avoids, remedies and mitigates adverse effects on the environment, as a replacement for non-renewable energy resources: and (c) Encouraging the sustainable development of Otago s renewable energy resources. This policy promotes sustainable and environmentally friendly energy production, use and development. It recognises that the sustainability of non-renewable energy sources can be assisted by reducing the region s relative dependence on finite energy resources and promotes the aim that the energy needs of future generations can be met by giving preference to energy sources that are less polluting and more sustainable by nature to to to to to to to to to to to To promote improved energy efficiency within Otago through: (a) Encouraging the use of energy efficient technology and architecture; and (b) Educating the public about energy efficiency; and (c) Encouraging energy efficiency in all industry sectors; and (d) Encouraging energy efficient transport modes in Otago. This policy will ensure energy efficient concepts and practices are actively promoted and pursued in order to secure energy savings and to provide room for growth in energy consumption in the future to to to Regional Policy Statement for Otago 172

9 Policies Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Methods See Also Other Policies To promote the securing of appropriate benefits for Otago s communities from any energy developments within the region. Arguments need to be raised at a political level, with parties such as the Minister of State Owned Enterprises and representatives of energy companies, that the region loses a great deal of the benefit that it should derive from its energy resources to to Regional Policy Statement for Otago 173

10 12.6 Methods The methods to be used by the Otago Regional Council include the following: Make nuclear power generation a prohibited activity in relevant regional plans Continue to give priority to the allocation of water to existing hydro-electric power generation systems in Otago except: (a) Where it is determined that the water is required for the needs of other significant values; and (b) Where these values cannot be provided for elsewhere in the locality Develop policies and strategies that encourage and promote the use and development of renewable energy sources Consider the use of renewable energy sources and the efficient use of energy within the transport sector through the Regional Land Transport Strategy Develop policies and strategies to promote the improved efficiency of energy use in Otago Educate about and promote energy efficient practices Encourage new energy intensive industries to undertake an energy efficiency assessment Initiate, support and encourage research and monitoring programmes to provide information on Otago s energy issues and solutions Promote and encourage interagency liaison and cooperation and the development of protocols to ensure integrated and coordinated management of Otago s energy resources Advocate with appropriate parties regarding the need for long-term regional benefits from energy developments and for adequate compensation for adverse effects caused by the development of energy resources Advocate to Central Government over the need for a national policy statement on energy and a sustainable energy management policy Consider inclusion of conditions on resource consents and consider declining such consents as necessary to avoid, remedy or mitigate the adverse effects of energy production Consult with Otago s communities regarding the management of Otago s energy resources Use education programmes to improve community awareness and understanding of energy issues and sustainable management of energy resources in Otago Recognise and encourage the role of community groups that promote sustainable management of energy resources. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 174

11 Methods which may be used by Otago s territorial local authorities include the following: Make nuclear power generation a prohibited activity in district plans Encourage the use of energy efficient technology and architecture Educate about and promote energy efficient practices Consider energy efficiency requirements in the development of District Land Transport Programmes. Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting These methods allow for integrated and coordinated management of Otago s energy resources, incorporating the avoidance of adverse effects associated with nuclear power production; the promotion of the sustainable management, use and development of energy resources by providing for the continued allocation of water resources for existing hydro-electric schemes (in recognition of the contribution these schemes make to the nation s energy supplies) and by favouring renewable energy sources; the promotion of energy efficiency and energy savings; and the ability to further arguments that the region should receive increased benefit from the use of its energy resources. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 175

12 12.7 Anticipated Environmental Results The environmental results anticipated from the above policies and methods of implementation include: Otago s communities are able to meet their present and reasonably foreseeable energy needs The management of Otago s energy resources takes into account manawhenua values Otago s energy resources (excluding minerals) are managed in a sustainable manner The adverse effects on the environment from energy production, use and development are avoided or mitigated Nuclear power is not generated in Otago There is a relative reduction in the demand for conventional non-renewable sources of energy and cost-effective renewable sources of energy are developed Energy efficient practices are adopted and improved throughout Otago Energy developments in Otago provide long-term regional benefits. Regional Policy Statement for Otago 176

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Living & Working Managing Natural Resources and Waste

Living & Working Managing Natural Resources and Waste Living & Working Managing Natural Resources and Waste 5.13 Managing Natural Resources and Waste Background 5.13.1 This chapter focuses on how we manage resources within the AONB. It includes renewable

More information

A Green Sector Overview

A Green Sector Overview A Green Sector Overview Micro Hydro Electric Power Ontario's Waterpower Resources: Past and Present The first hydroelectric generator in Canada was installed near Ottawa, which was the first city in North

More information

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO.

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. 6 RENEWABLE ENERGY Image Source: (Word Clip Art Stock Photo, 2011) Date: May, 2015 BACKGROUND PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES DEPARTMENT 789

More information

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs Energy Resources Stations Activity Page # 1 Station #1 Interpreting Infographs 1. Identify and explain each of the energy sources (5) illustrated in the infograph. 2. What do the white and black circles

More information

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability 2009-02-05 A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability The party leaders of Alliance for Sweden entered into an agreement today on a long-term,

More information

Revised Government Policy Statement on Electricity Governance

Revised Government Policy Statement on Electricity Governance Microsoft House 3-11 Hunter Street PO Box 1925 Wellington 6001 New Zealand 8 October 2003 Tel: 04 496-6555 Fax: 04 496-6550 www.businessnz.org.nz Mr Ross Milner Resources and Networks Branch Ministry for

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT IN LENDING

ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT IN LENDING ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT IN LENDING Barclays has a strong and longstanding commitment to managing the environmental and social risks associated with commercial lending. We recognise that

More information

23.1 RENEWABLE ENERGY

23.1 RENEWABLE ENERGY Proposed Hastings District Plan as Amended 23.1 Renewable Energy 23.1 RENEWABLE ENERGY 23.1.1 INTRODUCTION The use of energy is of fundamental importance to the function and development of our society.

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information

Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy in Sri Lanka: Future Directions

Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy in Sri Lanka: Future Directions Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy in Sri Lanka: Future Directions Presented by M.M.C. Ferdinando, Secretary, Ministry of Power and Energy R.J. Gunawardana, Additional General Manager (Transmission),

More information

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students Questions to consider Where are the nonrenewable sources

More information

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower What are the advantages of Hydropower? A renewable source of energy - saves scarce fuel reserves. Non-polluting and hence environment friendly. Long life

More information

Christine Heremaia Christchurch City New Zealand

Christine Heremaia Christchurch City New Zealand Design Approach to Asset Management focusing on the Surface Water Environment and Public Open Space presented by Christine Heremaia Christchurch City New Zealand Bot1.jpg CHRISTCHURCH Established in 1850

More information

International Commission On Large Dams Environment August 2000. A Viewpoint from the International Commission on Large Dams

International Commission On Large Dams Environment August 2000. A Viewpoint from the International Commission on Large Dams Dams and the International Commission On Large Dams Environment August 2000 A Viewpoint from the International Commission on Large Dams Dams Help Manage Water A Critical Resource Water is a critical natural

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Energy Situation in Egypt

Energy Situation in Egypt Energy Situation in Egypt Egypt has traditionally been a net exporter of energy. Until the late 1990s, it exported oil, but oil production has declined from its peak in the early 1990s, and now roughly

More information

Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources

Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources Web-pages are in bold. These pages aim at providing developers, land-owners, decision makers and advisors with a collation

More information

Electric Utilities. Introduction to the module

Electric Utilities. Introduction to the module Introduction to the module The electric utilities module is based on a reporting framework produced by the Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), Ceres, and the Investor Group on Climate

More information

Hydro Power Projections Report. Jennifer Palmer

Hydro Power Projections Report. Jennifer Palmer Hydro Power Projections Report Jennifer Palmer Abstract- The purpose of this report is to assess the current and future role of hydro power in the UK energy supply market. The historical trends and barriers

More information

by Dr. Reinhard Loske

by Dr. Reinhard Loske by Dr. Reinhard Loske Former State Minister for Environment and European Affairs, Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (2007-2011) Former Member of Parliament in the German Bundestag (Federal Parliament) and

More information

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector.

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental

More information

Rural Development Strategy Network Utilities: Issues and Options

Rural Development Strategy Network Utilities: Issues and Options Rural Development Strategy Network Utilities: Issues and Options Prepared by Carine Andries, Policy Planner Table of contents 1 Introduction... 3 2 Policy Framework... 3 2.1 National Level Policy... 3

More information

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site Amherst County Public Schools AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide College Board AP Environmental Science Site REV: 8/12 1 st 9 weeks AP Objectives Energy Resources and Consumption A. Energy

More information

Electric Utilities. Introduction to the module

Electric Utilities. Introduction to the module Introduction to the module The electric utilities module is based on a reporting framework produced by the Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), Ceres, and the Investor Group on Climate

More information

Urban Water Quality August 2010

Urban Water Quality August 2010 Urban Water Quality August 2010 1 Otago Regional Council Urban Water Quality Strategy Vision Good water quality allows for the safe, healthy and enjoyable appreciation and use of Otago water environments.

More information

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook.

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook. Do-Now 1.) Get out notebook. 2.) Answer the following questions on the first clean sheet in your notebook. 1.) What are renewable resources? 2.) What are nonrenewable resources? Alternative Sources of

More information

Our Environment, Our Future

Our Environment, Our Future Our Environment, Our Future OUR ENVIRONMENT, OUR FUTURE Under the Liberals, our environment is going backwards. Energy efficiency targets were abolished, renewable energy industries have collapsed, national

More information

Transformation of the energy system in Germany challenges and opportunities for regional development

Transformation of the energy system in Germany challenges and opportunities for regional development Transformation of the energy system in Germany challenges and opportunities for regional development Spa-ce.net Conference 2012 Kecskemét (Hungary) 26 October 2012 Bernhard Müller Andreas Ortner C.Wachler

More information

Prepared by the Commission on Environment & Energy

Prepared by the Commission on Environment & Energy Policy statement Energy efficiency: a world business perspective Prepared by the Commission on Environment & Energy Key messages Energy efficiency is a fundamental element in progress towards a sustainable

More information

The Water, Energy, Food Nexus: Lebanese Policy and Institutional Analysis

The Water, Energy, Food Nexus: Lebanese Policy and Institutional Analysis The Water, Energy, Food Nexus: Lebanese Policy and Institutional Analysis Nadim Farajalla, Patricia Haydamous, Charbel Rizk, Silva Kerkezian and Rana El Hajj-Mitri Climate Change and the Environment in

More information

PLANNING APPLICATION: 12/00056/APP

PLANNING APPLICATION: 12/00056/APP PLANNING APPLICATION: 12/00056/APP In the event that a recommendation on this planning application is overturned the Committee is reminded of the advice contained on the front page of the agenda for Reports

More information

Biomass production and energy utilisation of biomass in Slovakia Dr. Milan Oravec Dr. Marián Slamka

Biomass production and energy utilisation of biomass in Slovakia Dr. Milan Oravec Dr. Marián Slamka Biomass production and energy utilisation of biomass in Slovakia Dr. Milan Oravec Dr. Marián Slamka Moscow, October 2013 VISION Two facts are determining for the vision of development in Slovakia: Due

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 The Fremont School District uses oil to heat school buildings. Go Green! is a new project the district will implement. The superintendent has

More information

Chapter 3 Land Use and Development Strategy Hearing Report

Chapter 3 Land Use and Development Strategy Hearing Report Report Chapter 3 Land Use and Development Strategy Hearing Report Prepared for Kaipara District Council (Client) By Beca Carter Hollings & Ferner Ltd (Beca) 20 April 2010 Beca 2010 (unless Beca has expressly

More information

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES Students will: identify natural resources understand the difference between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy u

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES Students will: identify natural resources understand the difference between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy u SCHOOLGEN ACTIVITIES This activity enables the students to classify statements about renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. With the support of The Ministry for the Environment does not necessarily

More information

OFFICIAL VERSION IN SPANISH. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY LAW No. 45 (Of August 4, 2004)

OFFICIAL VERSION IN SPANISH. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY LAW No. 45 (Of August 4, 2004) LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY LAW No. 45 (Of August 4, 2004) That establishes a regime of incentives for the promotion of hydroelectric generation systems and other new, renewable and clean resources, and other

More information

Kings Lynn B SoS Decision Letter. The Proposed Palm Paper CCGT 3 Order. Proposed Combined Cycle Gas Turbine by Palm Paper Ltd

Kings Lynn B SoS Decision Letter. The Proposed Palm Paper CCGT 3 Order. Proposed Combined Cycle Gas Turbine by Palm Paper Ltd Proposed Combined Cycle Gas Turbine by Palm Paper Ltd The Proposed Palm Paper CCGT 3 Order Palm Paper Mill, Saddlebow Industrial Estate, King s Lynn PINS Ref: EN010039 Document Ref: 12.11 Kings Lynn B

More information

NOTE. Note on the pumped storage potential of the Onslow-Manorburn depression, New Zealand

NOTE. Note on the pumped storage potential of the Onslow-Manorburn depression, New Zealand Journal of Hydrology (NZ) 44 (2): 131-135, 2005 New Zealand Hydrological Society (2005) NOTE Note on the pumped storage potential of the Onslow-Manorburn depression, New Zealand W. E. Bardsley Department

More information

DIVISION D ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER AND WASTE SERVICES

DIVISION D ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER AND WASTE SERVICES The Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services Division comprises units engaged in the provision of electricity; gas through mains systems; water; drainage; and sewage services. This division also includes

More information

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Rio+20)

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Rio+20) UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Rio+20) NEW ZEALAND STATEMENT Delivered by the Honourable Amy Adams Minister for the Environment Wednesday 20 June 2012 Rio de Janiero, Brazil 1 I

More information

Physical Stock Accounts for Water 1

Physical Stock Accounts for Water 1 Physical Stock Accounts for Water 1 Environmental accounting Statistics New Zealand is working with a number of government and other agencies to produce a range of statistical measures regarding the natural

More information

NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE 1 NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE In simplifying this information, some detail has been omitted. For more complete information about climate change science

More information

Sec. 22a-1a page 1 (4-97)

Sec. 22a-1a page 1 (4-97) Department of Environmental Protection Sec. 22a-1a page 1 (4-97) TABLE OF CONTENTS Connecticut Environmental Policy Act Definitions... 22a-1a- 1 Determination of sponsoring agency.... 22a-1a- 2 Determination

More information

. (1) the prospectivity of Victoria s geology for commercial sources of onshore unconventional gas;

. (1) the prospectivity of Victoria s geology for commercial sources of onshore unconventional gas; To the Government of the day. From Rob & Sharon Rentsch, We have been farming at the above address for nearly 35 years and very fortunate to have been able to farm at Byaduk for the last 10 years. We are

More information

Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) of Bangladesh Role and Responsibility

Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) of Bangladesh Role and Responsibility Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) of Bangladesh Role and Responsibility Welcome to SREDA Siddique Zobair Member (EE & C) Sustainable & Renewable Energy Development Authority

More information

River Pollution Incidents. Isle of Man

River Pollution Incidents. Isle of Man River Pollution Incidents Isle of Man 2014 CONTENTS 1. Introduction 3 2. Executive summary 3 3. Pollution incidents of 2014 7 4. Contacts 10 5. Appendix 11 6. Glossary 12 2 1. INTRODUCTION Since 1996 river

More information

SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 22 October 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the United Arab Emirates In the post-2020 period the United Arab Emirates will continue to expand its

More information

Presentation of The Nordic Folkecenter and Climate Solutions

Presentation of The Nordic Folkecenter and Climate Solutions Presentation in Bologna, Italy June 2008 FOLKECENTER for Renewable Energy Presentation of The Nordic Folkecenter and Climate Solutions Folkecenter for Renewable Energy Ole Vagn Christensen MP of the Danish

More information

Yukon Development Corporation. Next Generation Hydro Summary of the Hydroelectric Power Planning Directive Work Plan

Yukon Development Corporation. Next Generation Hydro Summary of the Hydroelectric Power Planning Directive Work Plan SUMMARY Yukon Development Corporation Next Generation Hydro Summary of the Hydroelectric Power Planning Directive Work Plan It is time for bold leadership to take charge of our energy future so the next

More information

Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely

Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely Chevron Global Power Company The solutions are not either/or. It s not a choice between more drilling or more efficiency. It s not a choice between coal

More information

Renewable Energy Strategy for 2020 and Regulatory Framework. Eng. Hatem Amer Egyptian Electric Regulatory and Consumer Protection Agency

Renewable Energy Strategy for 2020 and Regulatory Framework. Eng. Hatem Amer Egyptian Electric Regulatory and Consumer Protection Agency Renewable Energy Strategy for 2020 and Regulatory Framework Eng. Hatem Amer Egyptian Electric Regulatory and Consumer Protection Agency Objectives of the Agency Regulate, supervise, and control all matters

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN LITHUANIA ACHIEVEMENTS AND DRAWBACKS

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN LITHUANIA ACHIEVEMENTS AND DRAWBACKS RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN LITHUANIA ACHIEVEMENTS AND DRAWBACKS Ieva Kuodė Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Lithuania SOLINVEST 2015-06-02 RES TARGETS BY 2020 23% the share of energy from renewable

More information

India Energy efficiency report

India Energy efficiency report India Energy efficiency report Objectives: 5% of savings in energy consumption by 215 Overview 29 2-29 (% / year) Primary intensity (EU=1) 1 164 -- -2.9% ++ CO 2 intensity (EU=1) 181 -- -1.2% -- CO 2 emissions

More information

Integrated Water Resources Management

Integrated Water Resources Management Integrated Water Resources Management Water is critical, but often overlooked element in sustainable development. If effective, long lasting solutions to water problems are to be found a new water governance

More information

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale Objectives Key Terms and Concepts Introduction Solar Wind Hydroelectric Power Geothermal Sources Biofuels Summary: Economies of Scale Questions for the video if time permits Alternative Energy Objectives:

More information

State of Qatar. Ministry of Environment. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report. November 19 th, 2015

State of Qatar. Ministry of Environment. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report. November 19 th, 2015 State of Qatar Ministry of Environment Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report November 19 th, 2015 State of Qatar is pleased to submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

More information

Energy supply and demand. Summary. Environmental Report Card July Getting worse. Total consumer energy demand

Energy supply and demand. Summary. Environmental Report Card July Getting worse. Total consumer energy demand Energy supply and demand Environmental Report Card July 2009 Summary Energy is an essential part of everyday life. Virtually all of our everyday activities and productive processes involve energy in one

More information

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS UNEP GLOBAL JUDGES PROGRAMME APPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW BY NATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION A) Major environmental issues B) Responses

More information

Cutting Australia s Carbon Abatement Costs with Nuclear Power

Cutting Australia s Carbon Abatement Costs with Nuclear Power Cutting Australia s Carbon Abatement Costs with Nuclear Power Martin Nicholson, October 2011 Abstract The Australian Government Treasury modelling of a carbon price shows that Australia must purchase the

More information

Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions

Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions 1. EXPANSION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY: China focuses on a massive expansion with non fossil energy that is renewable energy and nuclear energy. The

More information

Develop new energy products. Encourage low carbon development. Build knowledge,

Develop new energy products. Encourage low carbon development. Build knowledge, KAWERAU DISTRICT COUNCIL Economic 2011 to 2014 Kawerau District Council recognises that the town s industrial base is its foundation, and supports its expansion. To this end the Council has an operative

More information

SUBMISSION TO DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY ON THE ENERGY WHITE PAPER ISSUES PAPER

SUBMISSION TO DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY ON THE ENERGY WHITE PAPER ISSUES PAPER SUBMISSION TO DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY ON THE ENERGY WHITE PAPER ISSUES PAPER u CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY QUEENSLAND SUBMISSION 7 February 2014 1 Chamber of Commerce & Industry Queensland The Chamber

More information

Geneva, 17-19 March 2009 COUNTRY REPORT: MALAWI

Geneva, 17-19 March 2009 COUNTRY REPORT: MALAWI CONFÉRENCE DES NATIONS UNIES SUR LE COMMERCE ET LE DÉVELOPPEMENT UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT Multi-Year Expert Meeting on Services, Development and Trade: The Regulatory and Institutional

More information

SPANISH EXPERIENCE IN RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Anton Garcia Diaz Economic Bureau of the Prime Minister

SPANISH EXPERIENCE IN RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Anton Garcia Diaz Economic Bureau of the Prime Minister SPANISH EXPERIENCE IN RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY Anton Garcia Diaz Economic Bureau of the Prime Minister «Symposium on Strengthening Sino-Spain cooperation in multiple Fields» New Energy Cooperation

More information

6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES

6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES 6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES DIRECTIVE 2007/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks

More information

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed.

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 310 Exam Questions 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 2) What are the three main aspects that make an energy source sustainable?

More information

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes 2008 24 minutes Teacher Notes: Jodie Ashby B.Sc.B.Ed. Program Synopsis This program begins by looking at why we cannot sustain our current use of non-renewable resources and their environmental effects.

More information

Climate Change and Sri Lanka. Ajith Silva Director/ Policy and Planning Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Sri Lanka

Climate Change and Sri Lanka. Ajith Silva Director/ Policy and Planning Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Sri Lanka Climate Change and Sri Lanka Ajith Silva Director/ Policy and Planning Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Sri Lanka Asia Total Area: 65610 Km Land Area : 62705 Km Inland water : 2905 Km 2 Coastal

More information

The External and Social Costs of Energy Technologies

The External and Social Costs of Energy Technologies SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME [6.1] [ Sustainable Energy Systems] The External and Social Costs of Energy Technologies Rainer Friedrich Universitaet Stuttgart Brussels, February 16, 2009 Social Costs = total

More information

2 Integrated planning. Chapter 2. Integrated Planning. 2.4 State highway categorisation and integrated planning

2 Integrated planning. Chapter 2. Integrated Planning. 2.4 State highway categorisation and integrated planning 2 Integrated planning Chapter 2 Integrated Planning This chapter contains the following sections: Section No. Topic 2.1 Introduction to integrated planning 2.2 Transit s Integrated Planning Policy 2.3

More information

Renewable energy Prepared by Audit Scotland

Renewable energy Prepared by Audit Scotland Renewable energy Prepared by Audit Scotland September 2013 Auditor General for Scotland The Auditor General s role is to: appoint auditors to Scotland s central government and NHS bodies examine how public

More information

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production Thursday, October 11, 2007 Fairfax, VT Hydro Facility Owned & Operated by CVPS Published by: Winooski, VT Winooski One Hydro Electric Facility Introduction

More information

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect,

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, Environmental Protection The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, and enhance environmental quality. The Agency coordinates the state s environmental regulatory programs

More information

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON-

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- Activity 1 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES PLANNING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FOR NEW ZEALAND Identify Natural Energy Sources and their uses Natural energy sources exist in the environment and

More information

Strategy for 2012 to 2015. An active player from rural areas to the metropolis

Strategy for 2012 to 2015. An active player from rural areas to the metropolis Strategy for 2012 to 2015 ELY Centre for An active player from rural areas to the metropolis Well-being and impact through cooperation network The operating environment of the Centre for Economic Development,

More information

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 The most ambitious energy plan of the world In March 2012 a historic new Energy Agreement was reached in Denmark. The Agreement

More information

Needs For and Alternatives To Overview Meeting Manitobans Electricity Needs. Meeting Manitobans Electricity Needs

Needs For and Alternatives To Overview Meeting Manitobans Electricity Needs. Meeting Manitobans Electricity Needs Meeting Manitobans Electricity Manitoba is growing and is expected to continue doing so. Over the last years the province has enjoyed an expanding population and economy. These increases have led to many

More information

PROJECT EVALUATION (1.011)

PROJECT EVALUATION (1.011) PROJECT EVALUATION (1.011) Spring 2011 Lecture 2 Instructors: Professor Joseph Sussman Carl Martland Teaching Assistants: Nihit Jain Edna Edzell Outline Word/phrases Checklists Public Projects, Martland

More information

Egypt & Climate Change

Egypt & Climate Change Egypt & Climate Change Eng. Ahmed El Gohary Advisor to the Egyptian Minister of Investment OECD - Paris April - 2010 1 Egypt Area : about 1.2 million km 2 Capital : Cairo Total population: about 84.5 millions

More information

15. NORWAY. 15.1 Energy Policies and Actions

15. NORWAY. 15.1 Energy Policies and Actions 15. NORWAY 15.1 Energy Policies and Actions Norway is an energy nation with large reserves of Thorium (i.e. a greener alternative to traditional nuclear fuels) and having a very advanced energy industry.

More information

Case 6: Institutional arrangements of a green or fossil energy mix

Case 6: Institutional arrangements of a green or fossil energy mix POLINARES is a project designed to help identify the main global challenges relating to competition for access to resources, and to propose new approaches to collaborative solutions POLINARES working paper

More information

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC Riyadh, November 2015 The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is pleased to submit its Intended Nationally Determined

More information

Asian Journal on Energy and Environment

Asian Journal on Energy and Environment As. J. Energy Env. 2005, 6(02), 139-144 Asian Journal on Energy and Environment ISSN 1513-4121 Available online at www.asian-energy-journal.info The Small Hydropower Project as the Important Renewable

More information

CEEweb s position for limiting non-renewable energy use in Europe

CEEweb s position for limiting non-renewable energy use in Europe CEEweb for Biodiversity Széher út 40. 1021 Budapest, Hungary Phone: +36 1 398 0135 Fax: +36 1 398 0136 ceeweb@ceeweb.org www.ceeweb.org CEEweb s position for limiting non-renewable energy use in Europe

More information

CLEAN GREEN & SUSTAINABLE NS1439215

CLEAN GREEN & SUSTAINABLE NS1439215 CLEAN GREEN & SUSTAINABLE NS1439215 1 Contents 2 Introduction Strategic Alignment 1 - Energy Efficiency 2 - Water Management 3 - Fleet and Plant Management 4 - Carbon Offsets 5 - Waste Management Everything

More information

Environmental Law Primer. Adapted from Vermont Law School s Environmental Law Primer for Journalists

Environmental Law Primer. Adapted from Vermont Law School s Environmental Law Primer for Journalists Environmental Law Primer Adapted from Vermont Law School s Environmental Law Primer for Journalists General Categories Command and Control Liability Disclosure Ecosystem and Place-based Programs Marketable

More information

Basin Management to Protect Ecosystem Health - Lessons from Estonia- Russian Cooperation

Basin Management to Protect Ecosystem Health - Lessons from Estonia- Russian Cooperation Basin Management to Protect Ecosystem Health - Lessons from Estonia- Russian Cooperation Harry Liiv, Member of the Estonian-Russian Transboundary Water Commission General overview Estonia borders with

More information

Renewable Electricity and Liberalised Markets REALM. JOULE-III Project JOR3-CT98-0290 GREECE ACTION PLAN. By ICCS / NTUA K. Delkis

Renewable Electricity and Liberalised Markets REALM. JOULE-III Project JOR3-CT98-0290 GREECE ACTION PLAN. By ICCS / NTUA K. Delkis Renewable Electricity and Liberalised Markets REALM JOULE-III Project JOR3-CT98-0290 GREECE ACTION PLAN By ICCS / NTUA K. Delkis October 1999 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Background to Renewable Energy

More information

The achievement of all indicators for policies in the whole plan collectively contribute to the delivery of Policy 1

The achievement of all indicators for policies in the whole plan collectively contribute to the delivery of Policy 1 Cornwall Local Plan 2010-2030: Proposed Monitoring Framework Part 1: Strategic Policies Policy 1: Presumption in Favour of Sustainable Development Policy 2: Spatial Strategy Policy 2a Key Targets Job provision

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM for CLASS IX to X

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM for CLASS IX to X ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM for CLASS IX to X The Royal Society for Protection of Nature (RSPN) in collaboration with Department of Curriculum Research & Development (DCRD) of Ministry of Education

More information

Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive

Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive Abstract Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive D. Assimacopoulos Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, NTUA The Water Framework Directive (EC 2000/60) introduces

More information

Draft New Museums Site Development Framework Supplementary Planning Document SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL SCREENING REPORT

Draft New Museums Site Development Framework Supplementary Planning Document SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL SCREENING REPORT Draft New Museums Site Development Framework Supplementary Planning Document SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL SCREENING REPORT MAY 2015 1 Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 3 2 DRAFT NEW MUSEUMS SITE SPD 4 3 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL

More information

Revenue and Financing Policy

Revenue and Financing Policy Current Revenue Policy Revenue and Financing Policy Group Activity Environmental Activity - Air Ambient Air Quality Monitor and report on strategy development and implementation. benefits from clean air.

More information

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY 5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable Energy Key Ideas Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be used and replenished naturally in a relatively short period of time. Non renewable energy

More information

Official Journal of the European Communities. (Acts whose publication is obligatory)

Official Journal of the European Communities. (Acts whose publication is obligatory) 22.12.2000 L 327/1 I (Acts whose publication is obligatory) DIRECTIVE 2000/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field

More information

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT Forging an effective response to climate change is one of the international community s highest priorities.

More information

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY 1

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY 1 Country Partnership Strategy: Kazakhstan 2012 2016 SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY 1 Sector Road Map 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Overview. Oil accounts for about a quarter

More information

THE IMPORTANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE THE REALITIES OF THE WORLD IN WHICH WE LIVE A NEW FACT OF LIFE

THE IMPORTANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE THE REALITIES OF THE WORLD IN WHICH WE LIVE A NEW FACT OF LIFE THE ENVISION RATING SYSTEM Envision was developed in joint collaboration between the Zofnass Program for Sustainable Infrastructure at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design and the Institute

More information