1 Regione Toscana The Tuscan Region and the Italian Institute of Human Sciences (SUM) Presentation of the Training Program About the topic Territorial government and management of local participatory processes WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION LATIN AMERICAN COOPERATION PROJECT URBAL NETWORK 9 SYSTEM OF QUALIFICATION IN PARTICIPATIVE LOCAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
2 BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT Within the European Union URB-AL Project, network 9, the Tuscan Region has committed itself to holding a training module dedicated to the management of participatory processes whose focus is local territorial policies. It is widely known that the basis of such proposal lies in the public opinion s growing attention and the local communities need to participate in governmental and territorial public policies. On the other hand, there is also the certainty that to respond to such need we must create conditions allowing for innovating, cognizant, informative, and structured formats of citizen development. In other words, the conventional channels for citizen information and survey are not enough. Likewise, it not enough to simply address the citizens who are directly interested; we must create premises so that the entire local community may be able to actively contribute regarding decisive matters related to living in the territory and its future. Hence, that assumption serves as the foundation for the principles guiding the latest regional legislations in terms of territorial government especially Law no. 1/2005, and also another recent local law, the one numbered 69/2007, which aims at fostering participation in the establishment of regional and local policies. Such political and legislative scenario represents both the premise and the context in which the training module has been designed and carried out. 1. MODULE GOALS Participatory processes related to the territorial government choices so that they may be truly meaningful and enhance the democratic quality of decision-making processes need to be organized and structured. They cannot be merely entrusted to the spontaneous insurgence of the social players directly interested, but be based on a total inclusion principle. Said principle does not ensure that the most frail and least represented interested be heard, but guarantees that all points of view get to be voiced and that all the social forces potentially involved in a decision be actively summoned to the public debate about a given topic.
3 In that regard, building participatory processes requires from legislators not only ample openness to and willingness for confrontation but also a specific planning skill. The search for these goals requires the progressive acquisition, by institutions and public administrations, as well as by the associative fabric, of a planning skill, a know-how on making participation happen. In other words, being aware of and knowledgeable about specific participatory methods that actually allow us to build the foundation for cognizant, informative participation capable of achieving more diffused and heightened collective awareness of the ways and the quality required to develop a community and a territory. Hence, the module s specific goal is to offer an opportunity for highly qualified training in two core topics: The theoretical outlook of contemporary thoughts on the democracy and participation topic. A current view of the innovating themes and methods capable of characterizing the development of participatory processes with regards to territorial government. 2. EXPECTED EDUCATIONAL RESULTS The module is dedicated to all those who wish to learn more about the participation and territorial government topic. The module is especially dedicated to two groups: City administration officers and staff. Local association representatives. The idea is to enhance these people s critical awareness of the participatory tools, techniques, and methods that can be applied to participatory processes focused on territorial government, thus increasing the quality with which citizen information, consultation, and participation processes in such public policies are planned and carried out TRAINING PROGRAM LENGTH
4 The training module lasts a total of 18 hours, divided between lectures and workshops, and including lab activities, mandatory readings, and active student participation. 5. ATTENDEE PROFILE AND ACTIVITY At the end of the module, students will be required to present and analyze a participatory experience they have taken part in, and provide elements to evaluate the quality of participation and the effects generated on the local community. 6. CERTIFICATE certificate. People who have attended at least half of the classes will get an attendance 7. MEETING METHODS The meetings will take place as lectures, workshops, and labs. Each class includes a lecture by an instructor, estimated to last for about one hour, followed by ample time for discussion. At the workshops, attendees will present local participatory experiences in which they are personally involved. The following people are in charge of giving lectures or coordinating workshops: Prof. Massimo Morisi, University of Florence. Dr. Antonio Floridia (Tuscan Region). Prof. Alessandro Balducci (University of Milan). Dr. Silvia Givone (Sociolab, Florence).
5 Arch. Iolanda Romano (Avventuraurbana, Turin). Prof. Roberto Cartocci (University of Bologna). Dr. Patricia Quillacq (European University Institute of Fiesole). Sum). Dr. Tommaso Chiamparino (PhD. in Political Science University of Florence Prof. Annick Magnier (University of Florence). Dr. Anja Catharina Roecke (European University Institute of Fiesole). Prof. Giovanni Allegretti (University of Coimbra Portugal). Prof. Quim Brugue (University of Barcelona). Prof. Luigi Bobbio University of Turin. 8. DESCRIPTION OF MEETINGS SECTION ONE: THE POLITICAL, INSTITUTIONAL, AND THEORETICAL CONTEXT Class one Territorial government theories and models. The Tuscan Region legislation on territorial government: Law no. 1/2005, its main contents, purposes, and tools. Tuscany s local law on participation: purpose, content, goals, and tools. Deliberative democracy: theoretical models and participatory processes. Class two Territorial and local policies: the Tuscan Region s Territorial Type Plan. Participatory phases and tools to build the territorial decision-making process: regulatory provisions. Figure and role of the Person in Charge of Communications. Participation, movements, public opinion: new and old phenomena of collective mobilization regarding territorial government choices. SECTION TWO: PRINCIPLES, METHODS AND EXPERIENCES
6 Class three Engaging citizens in community planning choices and processes: methods and case studies. Participatory planning on a local scale. Participatory process planning in territorial government: methods and tools. How to organize public discussions. Experiences and case studies. Class four Participation and social capital. The concept of social capital, Institutions, citizen participation, and civic spirit. Class five International experiences: public debates about water resources. Public debate and great works. Class six The French experience of CNDP. Class seven Citizen jury and participatory budgeting: the Berlin experience. Experiences in Great Britain: Salford. Class eight Is it possible to export participatory democracy models and practices? Territorial planning and participatory democracy. Porto Alegre and others. The Latin American experience. Class nine The Catalonia case: participation and governance. Workshop one Analysis of participatory cases and experiences underway: attendee testimonials (part one). Workshop two
7 Analysis of participatory cases and experiences underway: attendee testimonials (part two). Meeting three: lab What would I do if. Two participatory processes to be built. 9. REFERENCES Each instructor assigns the fundamental literature about the topic of their class. The references, and in some cases the class texts, are available on the Tuscan Region website, in the area dedicated to training activities related to participation. The main reference texts are the following: Bobbio, L., A più voci. Amministrazioni pubbliche, imprese, associazioni e cittadini nei processi decisionali inclusivi, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napoli-Roma (2004) Bobbio, L., Dilemmi della democrazia partecipativa, in Democrazia e diritto, n. 4, (2007). Elster, J. (1998), Introduction, in Id. (a cura di), Deliberative Democracy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp Fareri P., Rallentare. Note sulla partecipazione dal punto di vista dell analisi delle politiche pubbliche (giugno 1998), Floridia, A. (2007), La democrazia deliberativa, dalla teoria alle procedure. Il caso della legge regionale toscana sulla partecipazione, in Stato e Mercato, n.1/2008 Fung, A. e Wright, E. O. (a cura di) 2003, Deepening Democracy. Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance, New York, Verso. Gangemi, G.(2006), Democrazia, sussidiarietà e reti sul territorio, in C. Donolo (a cura di), Il futuro delle politiche pubbliche, Bruno Mondadori, Milano, pp Gastil, J. e Levine, P. (a cura di) (2005), The Deliberative Democracy Handbook: Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in the Twenty-First Century, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass. Ginsborg, P. (2006), La democrazia che non c è, Torino, Einaudi. Hendriks, C.; Dryzek, J. S.; Hunold, Ch. (2007), Turning Up the Heat: Partisanship in Deliberative Innovation, in Political Studies, 55, pp Levine, P. e Nierras, R. M. (2007) "Activists Views of Deliberation", in Journal of Public Deliberation: Vol. 3: No. 1, Article 4. Magnaghi, A. (2000), Il progetto locale, Bollati-Boringhieri, Torino
8 Magnaghi, A. (2006), Dalla partecipazione all autogoverno della comunità locale: verso il federalismo municipale solidale, in Democrazia e diritto, n. 3, pp Morisi, M., Paci, A. (a cura di), Il bisogno di decidere, il Mulino, Bologna (2009) Paba, G. (2002) Per una pianificazione partecipata e inclusiva, in G. Paba e C. Perrone (a cura di), Cittadinanza attiva. Il coinvolgimento degli abitanti nella costruzione della città, Firenze, Alinea. Papadopoulos, Y. e Warin, Ph. (2007), Are innovative, participatory and deliberative procedures in policy making democratic and effective?, in European Journal of Political Research, 46, pp Pellizzoni, L. (2007), Democrazia locale e deliberazione pubblica. L empowerment come fattore-chiave, in Democrazia locale. Apprendere dall esperienza, (a cura di L. Pellizzoni),Istituto di sociologia internazionale di Gorizia e Dipartimento di Scienze dell uomo, Università ditrieste, Gorizia. Podziba, S.(2006), Chelsea story. Come una cittadina corrotta ha rigenerato la sua democrazia, Milano, Bruno Mondatori. Röcke, A. e Sintomer, Y. (2006), Estrazione a sorte e democrazia partecipativa : riflessioni sugli esiti delle giurie civiche berlinesi, in Democrazia e diritto, n. 3, pp Sclavi, M. (2002a), Arte di ascoltare e mondi possibili, Milano, Le Vespe. Sclavi, M. (2002b), Avventure urbane. Progettare la città con gli abitanti, Milano, Eleuthera. Sclavi, M., Arte di ascoltare e mondi possibili. Come uscire dalle cornici di cui siamo parte, Bruno Mondadori, Milano (2004). Young, I. M. (2001), Activist challenges to deliberative democracy, in Political Theory,29 (5), pp.: