1 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians Overview The Field - Preparation - Specialty Areas - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations The Field Every time a patient receives health care, a record is maintained of the observations, medical or surgical interventions, and treatment outcomes. This record includes information that the patient provides concerning his or her symptoms and medical history, the results of examinations, reports of x-rays and laboratory tests, diagnoses, and treatment plans. Medical records and health information technicians organize and evaluate these records for completeness and accuracy. Technicians assemble patients' health information, making sure that patients' initial medical charts are complete, that all forms are completed and properly identified and authenticated, and that all necessary information is in the computer. They regularly communicate with physicians and other health care professionals to clarify diagnoses or to obtain additional information. Technicians regularly use computer programs to tabulate and analyze data to improve patient care, better control cost, provide documentation for use in legal actions, or use in research studies. Medical records and health information technicians' duties vary with the size of the facility where they work. In large to medium-size facilities, technicians might specialize in one aspect of health information or might supervise health information clerks and transcriptionists while a medical records and health information administrator manages the department. In small facilities, a credentialed medical records and health information technician may have the opportunity to manage the department. Preparation Medical records and health information technicians generally obtain an associate degree from a community or junior college. Typically, community and junior colleges offer flexible course scheduling or online distance learning courses. In addition to general education, coursework includes medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, legal aspects of health information, health data standards, coding and abstraction of data, statistics, database management,
2 quality improvement methods, and computer science. Applicants can improve their chances of admission into a program by taking biology, math, chemistry, health, and computer science courses in high school. Most employers prefer to hire Registered Health Information Technicians (RHIT), who must pass a written examination offered by the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). To take the examination, a person must graduate from a 2-year associate degree program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM). A list is available at hwww.cahiim.org/directory. There are currently about 260 accredited programs in Health Informantics and Information Management Education. Some employers prefer candidates with experience in a health care setting. Experience is valuable in demonstrating certain skills or desirable qualities. It is beneficial for health information technicians to possess good communication skills, as they often serve as a liaison between health care facilities, insurance companies, and other establishments. Accuracy is also essential to technicians because they must pay close attention to detail. A candidate who exhibits proficiency with computers will become more valuable as health care facilities continue to adopt electronic medical records. Experienced medical records and health information technicians usually advance in one of two ways -- by specializing or by moving into a management position. Many senior technicians specialize in coding, in cancer registry, or in privacy and security. Most coding and registry skills are learned on the job. A number of schools offer certificate programs in coding or include coding as part of the associate degree program for health information technicians, although there are no formal degree programs in coding. For cancer registry, there are a few formal 2-year certificate programs approved by the National Cancer Registrars Association (NCRA). Some schools and employers offer intensive 1- to 2-week training programs in either coding or cancer registry. Certification in coding is available from several organizations. Coding certification within specific medical specialty areas is available from the Board of Medical Specialty Coding and the Professional Association of Healthcare Coding Specialist (PAHCS). The American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) offers three distinct certification programs in coding. The AHIMA also offers certification for Certified Healthcare Privacy and Security because of growing concerns for the security of electronic medical records. Certification in cancer registry is available from the NCRA. Continuing education units are typically required to renew credentials. In large medical records and health information departments, experienced technicians may advance to section supervisor, overseeing the work of the coding, correspondence, or discharge sections, for example. Senior technicians with RHIT credentials may become
3 director or assistant director of a medical records and health information department in a small facility. However, in larger institutions, the director usually is an administrator with a bachelor's degree in medical records and health information administration. Hospitals sometimes advance promising health information clerks to jobs as medical records and health information technicians, although this practice may be less common in the future. Advancement usually requires 2 to 4 years of job experience and completion of a hospital's inhouse training program. Specialty Areas Some medical records and health information technicians specialize in coding patients' medical information for insurance purposes. Technicians who specialize in coding are called health information coders, medical record coders, coder/abstractors, or coding specialists. These technicians assign a code to each diagnosis and procedure, relying on their knowledge of disease processes. Technicians then use classification systems software to assign the patient to one of several hundred "diagnosis-related groups," or DRGs. The DRG determines the amount for which the hospital will be reimbursed if the patient is covered by Medicare or other insurance programs using the DRG system. In addition to the DRG system, coders use other coding systems, such as those required for ambulatory settings, physician offices, or long-term care. Medical records and health information technicians also may specialize in cancer registry. Cancer (or tumor) registrars maintain facility, regional, and national databases of cancer patients. Registrars review patient records and pathology reports, and assign codes for the diagnosis and treatment of different cancers and selected benign tumors. Registrars conduct annual followups on all patients in the registry to track their treatment, survival, and recovery. Physicians and public health organizations then use this information to calculate survivor rates and success rates of various types of treatment, locate geographic areas with high incidences of certain cancers, and identify potential participants for clinical drug trials. Public health officials also use cancer registry data to target areas for the allocation of resources to provide intervention and screening. Day in the Life Medical records and health information technicians work in pleasant and comfortable offices. This is one of the few healthrelated occupations in which there is little or no direct contact with patients. Because accuracy is essential in their jobs, technicians must pay close attention to detail. Technicians who work at computer monitors for prolonged periods must guard against eyestrain and muscle pain.
4 Medical records and health information technicians usually work a 40-hour week. Some overtime may be required. In hospitals -- where health information departments often are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week -- technicians may work day, evening, and night shifts. Earnings According to the U.S. Department of Labor, median annual earnings of medical records and health information technicians are $28,030. The middle 50 percent earn between $22,420 and $35,990. The lowest 10 percent earn less than $19,060, and the highest 10 percent earn more than $45,260. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of medical records and health information technicians are: General medical and surgical hospitals $29,400 Nursing care facilities $28,410 Outpatient care centers $26,680 Offices of physicians $24,170 Employment In terms of employment, medical records and health information technicians hold about 170,000 jobs in the United States. About 2 out of 5 jobs are in hospitals. The rest are mostly in offices of physicians, nursing care facilities, outpatient care centers, and home health care services. Insurance firms that deal in health matters employ a small number of health information technicians to tabulate and analyze health information. Public health departments also employ technicians to supervise data collection from health care institutions and to assist in research. Career Path Forecast Employment of medical records and health information technicians is expected to increase by 18 percent through faster than the average for all occupations -- because of rapid growth in the number of medical tests, treatments, and procedures that will be increasingly scrutinized by health insurance companies, regulators, courts, and consumers. Also, technicians will be needed to enter patient information into computer databases to comply with Federal legislation mandating the use of electronic medical records. New jobs are expected in offices of physicians as a result of increasing demand for detailed records, especially in large group practices. New jobs also are expected in home health care services, outpatient care centers, and nursing and residential care facilities. Although employment growth in hospitals will not keep pace with growth in other health care industries, many new jobs will,
5 nevertheless, be created. Cancer registrars should experience job growth. As the population continues to age, the incidence of cancer may increase. Job prospects should be very good. In addition to job growth, openings will result from the need to replace technicians who retire or leave the occupation permanently. Technicians with a strong background in medical coding will be in particularly high demand. Changing government regulations and the growth of managed care have increased the amount of paperwork involved in filing insurance claims. Additionally, health care facilities are having some difficulty attracting qualified workers, primarily because employers prefer trained and experienced technicians prepared to work in an increasingly electronic environment with the integration of electronic health records. Job opportunities may be especially good for coders employed through temporary help agencies or by professional services firms. Professional Organizations Professional societies provide an excellent means of keeping current and in touch with other professionals in the field. These groups can play a key role in your development and keep you abreast of what is happening in your field. Associations promote the interests of their members and provide a network of contacts that can help you find jobs and move your career forward. They can offer a variety of services including job referral services, continuing education courses, insurance, travel benefits, periodicals, and meeting and conference opportunities. The following is a partial list of professional associations serving Medical Records and Health Information Technicians. American Health Information Management Association (www.ahima.org) American Academy of Professional Coders (www.aapc.com) National Cancer Registrars Association (www.ncra-usa.org)
http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos014.htm Medical and Health Services Managers * Nature of the Work * Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement * Employment * Job Outlook * Projections Data * Earnings *
Overview Nursing Overview Overview - Preparation Specialty Areas - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations Registered nurses (RNs), regardless of specialty
CHAPTER 2 OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 2, the reader will be able to: Discuss the supervisory role of the physical therapist on the health care team. Describe the differences in role, function, and
val02036_ch01_001_034.qxd 12/9/08 9:20 AM Page 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to the Medical Billing Process Chapter 2 HIPAA and Medical Records Chapter 3 Patient Encounters and Billing Information Confirming
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN HUMAN RESOURCES TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT Description of the Field Attracting the most qualified employees and matching them to the jobs for which they are best suited is important
CONSIDER A JOB IN HEALTH CARE a message from click bishop Although jobs in Alaska s health care industry do require education and training after high school they don t always require a fouryear degree.
GIVE YOUR NURSING CAREER NEW LIFE. Even if you love your job as a registered nurse, you could be feeling restless and are ready to find a new adventure. That doesn t mean that you have to put your years
A. Occupations Health Care Job Information Sheet #15 Health Administration A. Occupations 1) Health Administrator/Policy Analyst 2) Site Administrative Coordinator 3) Medical Secretary/Health Office Administrator
Page 1 of 5 Guide for Computer Network Support Specialists in California May also be called: Computer Specialists; Computer Support Specialists; Computer Technicians; Information Technology (IT) Specialists;
FROM PATIENT TO PAYMENT: UNDERSTANDING MEDICAL INSURANCE 1 Step 9 Step 8 Generate patient statements Step 10 Monitor payer adjudication Follow up payments and collections Prepare and transmit claims Step
MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAM IN HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (M.S./H.S.A.) Evelio Velis, M.D., Ph.D., Program Director PROGRAM OVERVIEW The Master of Science in Health Services Administration program (M.S./H.S.A.)
Getting Started in Legal Nurse Consulting An Introduction to the Specialty Third Edition 1 A Publication of the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants Edited by: Elizabeth Zorn, RN BSN LNCC The
University of Bridgeport M. S. in Counseling Program Student Handbook Clinical Mental Health Counseling College Student Personnel Table of Contents Welcome.. 2 Mission 3 Accreditation... 3 Commitment 3
Becoming a Licensed Clinical Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LCADC) or Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CADC): Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the LCADC/CADC Process NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION.............................................................2 PART I: UNDERSTANDING MANAGED CARE TERMINOLOGY.....................2 Description of Managed Care.............................................2
January 2010 Report No. 10-18 Public Career Education Programs Differ From Private Programs on Their Admission Requirements, Costs, Financial Aid Availability, and Student Outcomes at a glance In 2007-08,
Careers Nova Scotia High Opportunity Career Options in Nova Scotia 2014-2015 careers.novascotia.ca Acknowledgements A special note of thanks is extended to the professional associations, employers, trade
Health Administration program guide Table of Contents From the Chair.... 1 A.T. Still University.... 2 School of Health Management... 2 Curriculum.... 2 Requirements for Admission.... 2 Program Statistics...
CHAPTER 3 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY by Julie Bulmash LEARNING OUTCOMES AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO Describe how HR technology has evolved. Explain what a human resources
CHAPTER What Is Human Resource Management? 1 Learning Objectives The student will be able to: Discuss the history of human resource management. Define human resource management. Identify four applications
Succession Planning and Career Development Emergency Medicine Association of Residency Coordinators This information was obtained from: International Association of Administrative Professionals http://community.iaap-hq.org/home
Stephen F. Austin State University The Department of Human Services A Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) Accredited Program Rehabilitation Counselor Education Program Revised Spring 2014 The degree
National Stroke Association s Guide to Choosing Stroke Rehabilitation Services Rehabilitation, often referred to as rehab, is an important part of stroke recovery. Through rehab, you: Re-learn basic skills
2 A Growing Profession The rehabilitation counseling profession offers a variety of exciting career options. Rehabilitation counselors obtain jobs in diverse counseling, rehabilitation, and health care
2014 2015 Academic Year College of Business & Public Management Master of Health Administration Master of Science in Gerontology Wendy Melleby MS Gero 14 Director Extended Care Services Kaiser Permanente
GUIDE TO THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM Clark University A Companion to the Doctoral Student Handbook 2015-2016 Revised August 2015 The clinical psychology program is accredited by the American Psychological
NEW YORK STATE MEDICAID PROGRAM NURSE PRACTITIONER PROCEDURE CODES Table of Contents GENERAL INFORMATION... 3 STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH CONDITIONS FOR PAYMENT... 6 PRACTITIONER SERVICES PROVIDED IN HOSPITALS...
has established a two-year scholarship using the Health Professions Scholarship Program (HPSP). Army nurses, regardless of specialty, care for an extremely diverse patient population in advanced medical