Pests and Pest Control

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Pests and Pest Control"

Transcription

1 Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy The Need for Pest Control: Defining Pests Any organism that has a negative effect on human health or economics Any organism that is noxious, destructive, or troublesome Plants or animals termites Fire ants Medfly Kudzu Dandelions Purpose for pest control Protect food sources Protect health Convenience Monetary gains 1

2 Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy Different Philosophies of Pest Control Chemical technology Use of chemicals to kill large numbers of the pest Short-term protection Environmental and health consequences Ecological pest management Control based on pest life cycle and ecology Control agent may be an organism or chemical Specific to pest and/or manipulate a part of the ecosystem Emphasizes protection from pest 2

3 Different Philosophies of Pest Control Integrated pest management: using all suitable methods chemical and ecological in a way that brings about longterm management of pest populations and minimal environmental impact. Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy 3

4 Development of Chemical Pesticides First-generation pesticides (inorganic) First attempt at chemical technology Toxic to humans and agricultural plants Pests developed resistance Second-generation pesticides Used after WW II Organic chemical Toxic to humans and agricultural plants Pests developed resistance Pesticides & Types Pesticides general term for substance used to eradicate/remove harmful organisms Herbicides most not terribly harmful as soil bacteria break them down Trinitrophenol (agent orange) very toxic and implicated in birth defects/disorders Fungicides kills fungus Use copper and mercury as the active ingredients Acts as a toxin in animals Copper can be limiting nutrient for algae causing blooms and resulting ecosystem damage 4

5 Pesticides & Types Insecticides Organochlorines ddt - banned due to environmental effects on biota - peak use 72,000 tonnes in banned for use in Britain and America, but still sold worldwide to developing countries with less strict environmental laws! aldrin metabolized in insects to form a neurotoxin - banned due to classification as a persistent organic pollutant, a carcinogenic and mutagenic. - last farm to use it was in Covina, CA in 1973 Organophosphates parathion & melathion - The later is newer and less toxic Pesticides & Types Rodenticides Usually involve anticoagulants or compounds that interact with normal rat chemistry to produce toxic substances May also include nuerotoxic compounds, fat soluble vitamins,. The list is long!!! (and pretty nasty for the rats) 5

6 Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy Promises and Problems of the Chemical Approach Promises? Problems stemming from chemical pesticide use 6

7 Problems Stemming from Chemical Pesticide Use Development of resistance by pests Chemical pesticides lose effectiveness Resistant pest populations produce next generations Resurgences and secondary pest outbreaks Adverse environmental and human health effects Genetics of Pest Resistance RR x rr Nonresistant x resistant r resistant gene R nonresistant gene Rr nonresistant offspring R Rr r Rr Rr 7

8 Crossing of Second Generation Rr x Rr Heterozygous nonresistant x nonresistant R r R RR dies Rr dies r Rr dies rr SURVIVES! Resurgence and Secondary Outbreaks Resurgences: after eliminating a pest, its population rebounds in even higher numbers than previous levels. Secondary outbreaks: outbreaks of species populations that were not previously at pest levels. 8

9 The Pesticide Treadmill Pest Problem Use of Chemical Pesticides resistance, resurgence, secondary outbreaks More Pest Problems Environmental effects Negative impact on human health Environmental Effects Bioaccumulation Occurs in individuals Biomagnification Occurs across trophic levels 9

10 Biomagnification Aerial Spraying 10

11 The DDT Story DDT: the magic bullet Extremely toxic to insects; seemed nontoxic to humans and other mammals Cheap Broad-spectrum and persistent Effective for disease prevention (typhus fever, malaria) Expanded agricultural production Paul Muller awarded Nobel prize in 1948 The reality? Human Health Effects of Pesticides Cancer, dermatitis, neurological disorder, birth defects, sterility, endocrine system disruption, immune system depression. Agricultural workers suffer acute poisoning during pesticide application. Aerial spraying and dumping bring pesticides in contact with families and children. 11

12 Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy Alternative Pest Control Methods Cultural control Control by natural enemies Genetic control Natural chemical control 12

13 Pests and Pest Control The need for pest control Philosophies of control Development of Chemical Pesticides Promises and problems of the chemical approach Some of the more commonly used icides Alternative pest control methods Pesticides and policy Pesticides and Policy FIFRA (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act) Requires that pesticides be evaluated for intended use and impacts on human health and the environment Requires the protection and proper training of those who work with pesticides FFDCA (Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) & FQPA (Food Quality Protection Act) address the public protection from risks of pesticide residues on products for human consumption. 13

14 Pesticides in Developing Countries U.S. exports > 200,000 tons of pesticides each year = $1.6 billion (25% banned in this country). PIC: prior informed consent = exporting countries inform all potential importing countries on bans to restrict pesticide or other toxic chemicals. Back to Environmental Pollutions 14

Ch. 10 - Pest Control. Outline

Ch. 10 - Pest Control. Outline Ch. 10 - Pest Control 1 Outline Pests Pesticides Types Benefits Problems Alternatives Reducing Exposure Regulating Use Organic Farming 2 16 July 2011 1 Pests and Pesticides Biological Pests - organisms

More information

IPM Plan for Campus Landscape

IPM Plan for Campus Landscape Created June 2014 IPM Plan for Campus Landscape Statement of Purpose The purpose of this integrated pest management (IPM) plan is to guide the use of environmentally sensitive pest management strategies

More information

BIOS 3010: Ecology Lecture 16: Manipulating abundance: 2. Manipulating abundance: 3. Pest and weed control:

BIOS 3010: Ecology Lecture 16: Manipulating abundance: 2. Manipulating abundance: 3. Pest and weed control: BIOS 3010: Ecology Lecture 16: Manipulating abundance: Lecture summary: Manipulating abundance: Pest control. Pesticides:» Benefits.» Problems. Biological control. Cultural control. Integrated pest management.

More information

Integrated Mosquito Management. Rosmarie Kelly Public Health Entomologist Georgia Dept of Public Health

Integrated Mosquito Management. Rosmarie Kelly Public Health Entomologist Georgia Dept of Public Health Integrated Mosquito Management Rosmarie Kelly Public Health Entomologist Georgia Dept of Public Health Topics of discussion: Integrated pest management (IPM) History of pest management Definition of IPM

More information

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Policy

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Policy Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Policy What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM)? Integrated pest management (IPM) is an approach to pest control that utilizes regular monitoring and record keeping to

More information

Additional Pests & Pesticide Notes Cunningham Notes (from PJ Shlachtman) What Are Pests and Pesticides? Biological Pests: organisms that reduce the

Additional Pests & Pesticide Notes Cunningham Notes (from PJ Shlachtman) What Are Pests and Pesticides? Biological Pests: organisms that reduce the Additional Pests & Pesticide Notes Cunningham Notes (from PJ Shlachtman) What Are Pests and Pesticides? Biological Pests: organisms that reduce the availability, quality, or value of resources useful to

More information

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs The ultimate source of energy in an ecosystem comes from sunlight This energy is converted to an organic form using photosynthesis which is then passed between organisms

More information

Humans have probably always used chemicals to protect from pests, but during the past 50 years we have entered into a new era of pesticide use.

Humans have probably always used chemicals to protect from pests, but during the past 50 years we have entered into a new era of pesticide use. Cunningham Notes (from PJ Shlachtman) What Are Pests and Pesticides? Biological Pests: organisms that reduce the availability, quality, or value of resources useful to humans. o Tend to be generalists

More information

Pest Control Products Board Nairobi, Kenya PESTICIDE REGISTRATION IN KENYA - BIOPESTICIDES. by P. N. Ngaruiya (Dr)

Pest Control Products Board Nairobi, Kenya PESTICIDE REGISTRATION IN KENYA - BIOPESTICIDES. by P. N. Ngaruiya (Dr) Pest Control Products Board Nairobi, Kenya PESTICIDE REGISTRATION IN KENYA - BIOPESTICIDES by P. N. Ngaruiya (Dr) Introduction Pesticides, an indispensable tool in farming Chemical pesticides such as the

More information

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests?

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests? What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests How do insects become pests? Introduction outside of native range Becomes disease vector Plant or animal (inclu. human) disease vector Host shift in native insect

More information

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd.

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Sugarcane It is an important cash crop, Pakistan is the fifth largest cane producing country. However, its yield

More information

TESTIMONY OF DR. STEVEN BRADBURY DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF PESTICIDE PROGRAMS U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

TESTIMONY OF DR. STEVEN BRADBURY DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF PESTICIDE PROGRAMS U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY TESTIMONY OF DR. STEVEN BRADBURY DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF PESTICIDE PROGRAMS U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NUTRITION AND HORTICULTURE OF THE AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE AND SUBCOMMITTEE

More information

Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex

Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex Introduction to Integrated Pest Management John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex What is Integrated Pest Management? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) New concept;

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY KENNESAW, GEORGIA PREPARED JANUARY 1997 REVISED NOVEMBER 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction and Principles of Integrated Pest Management

More information

GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS -ii- GUIDELINES ON THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND

More information

POLICY REGARDING PEST MANAGEMENT ON CITY PROPERTY

POLICY REGARDING PEST MANAGEMENT ON CITY PROPERTY POLICY REGARDING PEST MANAGEMENT ON CITY PROPERTY 1. The purpose of this policy is to eliminate or reduce pesticide use to the greatest possible extent. The City of Madison agrees with the US EPA that

More information

REPORT OF PESTICIDE HOTSPOTS IN BANGLADESH

REPORT OF PESTICIDE HOTSPOTS IN BANGLADESH REPORT OF PESTICIDE HOTSPOTS IN BANGLADESH by CRAIG MEISNER DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS RESEARCH GROUP INFRASTRUCTURE AND ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT THE WORLD BANK SEPTEMBER, 2004 I. Introduction: The agricultural

More information

Overview: Human Health Effects of Environmental Contaminants

Overview: Human Health Effects of Environmental Contaminants Overview: Human Health Effects of Environmental Contaminants 1 1 OVERVIEW: HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS Human activity has led to the production and release into the environment of

More information

Copyright 2013 Michael Boucher

Copyright 2013 Michael Boucher California s Green Chemistry Initiative Presented by Michael Boucher McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP, Washington DC February 19, 2013, 3:15-4:15 PM, Tokyo, Japan Overview of Topic California s Green Chemistry

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

3. Which relationship can correctly be inferred from the data presented in the graphs below?

3. Which relationship can correctly be inferred from the data presented in the graphs below? 1. Recent evidence indicates that lakes in large areas of New York State are being affected by acid rain. The major effect of acid rain in the lakes is (1) an increase in game fish population levels (3)

More information

Fungal Entomopathogens: An Enigmatic Pest Control Alternative

Fungal Entomopathogens: An Enigmatic Pest Control Alternative Fungal Entomopathogens: An Enigmatic Pest Control Alternative Nicole Rusconi $ and Cerruti R 2 Hooks! $ Student Research Assistant and 1 Associate Professor and Extension Specialist, University of Maryland

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Ecology and Human Impact R. Bruce Chapman Insect Science Ltd Pest organisms When do organisms become pests? When an organism s population exceeds a threshold level, and control

More information

Pesticides and Alternatives to Pest Control

Pesticides and Alternatives to Pest Control Pesticides and Alternatives to Pest Control Be familiar with different pesticides that may be found in the home and how to minimize poisonings and exposure. " Understand the role of integrated pest management

More information

PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT Background Pest problems is more pronounced in agricultural ecosystem where the natural balance of host and pests

More information

Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University

Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide an overview of Boise State University Landscape Service department s philosophy regarding plant health

More information

This material is based on work supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service & the U.S. EPA

This material is based on work supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service & the U.S. EPA Revised April 1992 (reformatted May 2000) A Workbook for Certified Pesticide Applicators To accompany the VHS tape "Pesticides in the Environment" Based on materials developed by: Colorado State University

More information

FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive?

FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive? FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive? During normal sexual reproduction, each of the two versions of a given gene has a 50 percent chance of being inherited by a particular offspring (Fig 1A). Gene

More information

Organophosphate Pesticides as Pollutants of Urban Lakes and Streams

Organophosphate Pesticides as Pollutants of Urban Lakes and Streams Organophosphate Pesticides as Pollutants of Urban Lakes and Streams Anne Jones-Lee, PhD & G. Fred Lee, PhD, PE, DEE G. Fred Lee & Associates, El Macero, California Presented at North American Lake Management

More information

2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2. 4) Data sources and reporting... 4 5) References at the international level... 4

2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2. 4) Data sources and reporting... 4 5) References at the international level... 4 F- 4: Pesticide consumption 1) General description... 2 1.1) Brief definition... 2 1.2) Units of measurement... 2 1.3) Context...2 2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2 2.1) Purpose... 2 2.2) Issue...

More information

Indian Agrochemical Industry

Indian Agrochemical Industry Indian Agrochemical Industry Introduction. India is the fourth largest producer of agrochemicals globally, after United States, Japan and China. The agrochemicals industry is a significant industry for

More information

Integrated Pest Management Policy

Integrated Pest Management Policy Integrated Pest Management Policy School Policy Statement It is the policy of Rocky Hill School to implement Integrated Pest Management procedures to control structural and landscape pests and minimize

More information

PesticiDe use trends. by JiM Wells. in california Agriculture. environmental solutions GrouP

PesticiDe use trends. by JiM Wells. in california Agriculture. environmental solutions GrouP PesticiDe use trends in california Agriculture by JiM Wells environmental solutions GrouP summary Farmers are successfully transitioning to safer, more environmentally friendly compounds to combat pests

More information

ORGANIC. PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY for. Turf and Landscape

ORGANIC. PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY for. Turf and Landscape WAYNE 0. ATTRIDGE, D TOWN OF MARBLEHEAD Board of Health 7 WIDGER ROAD CARL D. GOODMAN, Esq., Ch MARBLEHEAD, MA 01945 DAVID B. BECKER, D.M.D., (781-631-0212) HELAINE R. HA ORGANIC PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 The active ingredients in many pesticides are chemical compounds that kill organisms such as insects, molds, and weeds. Proponents claim that

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) GUIDELINES AND POLICY FOR SCHOOL PEST MANAGEMENT

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) GUIDELINES AND POLICY FOR SCHOOL PEST MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) GUIDELINES AND POLICY FOR SCHOOL PEST MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW School administrators and other individuals responsible for, maintaining school buildings and grounds need to

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Andrea Veres Junior Technical Officer FAO REU andrea.veres@fao.org Yerevan, Armenia 2013 Why develop IPM? Agriculture was: not sustainable optimized inputs for maximum profit

More information

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime What is Entomology? Entomology is the study of insects. Entomologists study bees, ants, beetles,

More information

BENEFITS OF USING IPM

BENEFITS OF USING IPM Edward J. Bechinski and William H. Bohl Potato growers who use IPM consider all available pest control tools. Alternatives to conventional pesticides are the foundation of every IPM plan. Pesticides play

More information

What is Organic Food? Organic Foods. The Purpose: Organic Farming

What is Organic Food? Organic Foods. The Purpose: Organic Farming Organic Foods By: Kaelen Shay Trinh Tran Caroline Mockridge What is Organic Food? No preservatives No added chemicals/pesticides/fertilizers No anti-biotics or growth hormones The Purpose: Organic Farming

More information

Integrated Pest Management Policy for City-Owned Facilities

Integrated Pest Management Policy for City-Owned Facilities Page 1 of 6 ARTICLE XII Integrated Pest Management Policy for City-Owned Facilities Section 1 Background The City s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit from the California Regional

More information

R.E.D. FACTS. Chloroxylenol. Pesticide Reregistration. Use Profile. Regulatory History

R.E.D. FACTS. Chloroxylenol. Pesticide Reregistration. Use Profile. Regulatory History United States Prevention, Pesticides EPA-738-F-94-028 Environmental Protection And Toxic Substances September 1994 Agency (7508W) R.E.D. FACTS Pesticide Reregistration Use Profile Regulatory History Chloroxylenol

More information

FROM CROP TO TABLE PESTICIDE USE IN PRODUCE

FROM CROP TO TABLE PESTICIDE USE IN PRODUCE FROM CROP TO TABLE PESTICIDE USE IN PRODUCE FOOD SAFETY & SUSTAINABILITY CENTER Bios Pesticide Use in Produce About Consumer Reports Food Work and Its Food Safety and Sustainability Center Consumer Reports

More information

DDT (General Fact Sheet) For more technical information please refer to the Technical Fact Sheet

DDT (General Fact Sheet) For more technical information please refer to the Technical Fact Sheet This fact sheet was created in 1999; some of the information may be out-of-date. NPIC is not planning to update this fact sheet. More pesticide fact sheets are available here. Please call NPIC with any

More information

Mechanisms for assessment, classification and labeling of chemicals, including initiatives for harmonized classification and labeling of chemicals

Mechanisms for assessment, classification and labeling of chemicals, including initiatives for harmonized classification and labeling of chemicals CHEMICALS Risk assessment of chemicals including Mechanisms for assessment, classification and labeling of chemicals, including initiatives for harmonized classification and labeling of chemicals The Global

More information

Resistance: The Facts - History & overview of resistance

Resistance: The Facts - History & overview of resistance www.irac-online.org Resistance: The Facts - History & overview of resistance An Overview Resistance to insecticides was first documented in 1914 by A.L. Melander in the Journal of Economic Entomology.

More information

Entomology 101 Integrated Pest Management IPM. Terminology Related to Pests. Types of damage. Strategies of Pest Control or Management

Entomology 101 Integrated Pest Management IPM. Terminology Related to Pests. Types of damage. Strategies of Pest Control or Management Entomology 101 Integrated Pest Management IPM David J. Shetlar, Ph.D. The BugDoc The Ohio State University, OARDC & OSU Extension Columbus, OH November, 2009, D.J. Shetlar, all rights reserved The evolution

More information

Special Topic: Pesticide Risks, Safer Use & Compliance. GEMS Environmental Compliance-ESDM Training Series USAID/Malawi March 2013 1a

Special Topic: Pesticide Risks, Safer Use & Compliance. GEMS Environmental Compliance-ESDM Training Series USAID/Malawi March 2013 1a Special Topic: Pesticide Risks, Safer Use & Compliance GEMS Environmental Compliance-ESDM Training Series USAID/Malawi March 2013 1a Presentation Overview Definition of Pest & Pesticide Pesticides Past

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management ARIZONA COOP E R AT I V E E TENSION THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES Integrated Pest Management Protecting Arizonaʼs Environment, Human Health and Economic Vitality Protecting

More information

Importance of Wildlife

Importance of Wildlife Importance of Wildlife The wildlife comprises all living organism (plants, animals, microorganisms) in their natural habitats which are neither cultivated or domesticated nor tamed. But in its strictest

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching Unit D: Controlling Pests and Diseases in the Orchard Lesson 1: Managing and Controlling Pests of Fruit and Nut Crops Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

May 31, 2002 CERTIFIED MAIL. Ronald Landis, Ph.D. Landis International 3185 Madison Highway PO Box 5126 Valdosta, GA 31603-5126. Dear Mr.

May 31, 2002 CERTIFIED MAIL. Ronald Landis, Ph.D. Landis International 3185 Madison Highway PO Box 5126 Valdosta, GA 31603-5126. Dear Mr. UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY WASHINGTON, D.C. 20460 OFFICE OF PREVENTION, PESTICIDES AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES May 31, 2002 CERTIFIED MAIL Ronald Landis, Ph.D. Landis International 3185 Madison

More information

From known to unknown

From known to unknown Risks associated with Chemical and Non-Chemical Pest Control From known to unknown Paul Leonard Nov 2009 Agenda 1. EU non-chemical pest control legislation? 2. What do we know about risks associated with

More information

INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL

INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL 19 TOPIC 3 INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL Scope Chemical pesticides are now the traditional solution to pest problems, and they have saved lives and crops. Their use, however, has created significant problems,

More information

How are people exposed to pesticides which might result in allergic symptoms?

How are people exposed to pesticides which might result in allergic symptoms? PESTICIDES & ASTHMA Causes of asthma are complex and include factors related to early life environmental exposures such as pesticides. Pesticides are chemicals commonly used to kill or control pests (including

More information

Introduction to Ghana s s current pesticides registration framework and requirement for bio pesticides regulations in Ghana

Introduction to Ghana s s current pesticides registration framework and requirement for bio pesticides regulations in Ghana Introduction to Ghana s s current pesticides registration framework and requirement for bio pesticides regulations in Ghana Presented by Joseph C. Edmund, Chemicals Control and Management Centre, Environmental

More information

TOWN OF WOODSIDE RESOLUTION ADOPTING AN UPDATED INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY

TOWN OF WOODSIDE RESOLUTION ADOPTING AN UPDATED INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY TOWN OF WOODSIDE Report to Town Council Agenda Item 3 Prepared by: Kevin Bryant, Assistant Town Manager September 27, 2011 Approved by: Susan George, Town Manager SUBJECT: RESOLUTION ADOPTING AN UPDATED

More information

Pesticides for use on Mangoes

Pesticides for use on Mangoes Pesticides for use on Mangoes Brian Thistleton, DPIFM and Scott Spencer, Landmark Talk Outline Insecticide issues Types Registration Labels Off label use Withholding periods Problems with insecticides

More information

1.2 The Biosphere and Energy

1.2 The Biosphere and Energy 1.2 The Biosphere and Energy All activities require a source of energy a fuel. For example, to sustain a campfire, you need to keep it supplied with wood. To reach a destination by car, you need to have

More information

1. When wall voids and dead spaces must be treated from small openings, the most effective formulation to use would be:

1. When wall voids and dead spaces must be treated from small openings, the most effective formulation to use would be: CATEGORY A PESTICIDE APPLICATIONS AND SAFETY PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1. When wall voids and dead spaces must be treated from small openings, the most effective formulation to use would be: A. Liquid residual

More information

GPS Safety Summary. Cyclododeca-1,5,9-triene. Technical information. Substance name. Cyclododeca-1,5,9-triene CAS No. 4904-61-4.

GPS Safety Summary. Cyclododeca-1,5,9-triene. Technical information. Substance name. Cyclododeca-1,5,9-triene CAS No. 4904-61-4. Technical information GPS Safety Summary Substance name CAS No. 4904-61-4 General Statement This Product Safety Summary is intended to provide a general overview of the chemical substance. The information

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES reflect How do you respond to environmental changes? Maybe you wear different types of clothes in different seasons. Maybe you only ride your bike during certain times of the year. What if you moved to

More information

Introduction. Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that:

Introduction. Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that: Introduction Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that: are extremely stable and persist in the environment, bio-accumulate in organisms and food chains, are toxic to humans and animals and

More information

PART VIII. SCHOOL PESTICIDE SAFETY

PART VIII. SCHOOL PESTICIDE SAFETY State of Louisiana PART VIII. SCHOOL PESTICIDE SAFETY 3381. Policy; purpose The legislature finds that the exposure of school children to pesticides poses known and as of yet, unknown risks to their health

More information

Epidemiological Studies on Environmental Stressors from Tobacco to Pesticides

Epidemiological Studies on Environmental Stressors from Tobacco to Pesticides Epidemiological Studies on Environmental Stressors from Tobacco to Pesticides W. Susan Cheng, PhD, MPH Rebecca Carlstrom, MPH Sukaina Hussain, MPH Healthy Lawn Symposium Oct 31, 2014 Two Presentations

More information

Integrated Pest Management for Mosquito Control in Massachusetts

Integrated Pest Management for Mosquito Control in Massachusetts MQP JYP 1201 Advisor: Professor Jeanine Plummer Co-Advisor: Professor John Bergendahl Integrated Pest Management for Mosquito Control in Massachusetts A Major Qualifying Project submitted to the Faculty

More information

B. Reduce the use of broad spectrum pesticides when feasible. C. Create awareness among City staff of less-toxic pest management techniques.

B. Reduce the use of broad spectrum pesticides when feasible. C. Create awareness among City staff of less-toxic pest management techniques. City of Newark MAINTENANCE POLICY: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY ORIGINAL DATE: January 11, 2010; revised May 24, 2012 PURPOSE: The purpose of the City of Newark s Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

More information

ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH REFERENCE BOOKS AND MATERIALS ILLINOIS STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS

ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH REFERENCE BOOKS AND MATERIALS ILLINOIS STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH REFERENCE BOOKS AND MATERIALS ILLINOIS STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS Laws, Rules and Regulations 1. Structural Pest Control Act and

More information

February 18 2014. Tentative Waste Discharge Requirements General Order for Sacramento Valley Rice Grower. Dear Ms. Wong:

February 18 2014. Tentative Waste Discharge Requirements General Order for Sacramento Valley Rice Grower. Dear Ms. Wong: February 18 2014 Ms. Margaret Wong California Water Quality Control Board Central Valley Region 11020 Sun Center Drive, Suite #200 Rancho Cordova, California 95670 SUBJECT: Tentative Waste Discharge Requirements

More information

SAFETY DATA SHEET C. E. T. Enzymatic Toothpaste Poultry Flavor

SAFETY DATA SHEET C. E. T. Enzymatic Toothpaste Poultry Flavor SAFETY DATA SHEET 1. IDENTIFICATION Product Name Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use Identified uses Restrictions on Use Product Numbers Company Identification Toothpaste for cats and

More information

Global Environment Facility

Global Environment Facility Global Environment Facility GEF/C.15/Inf.14 April 25, 2000 GEF Council May 9-11, 2000 ADDRESSING THE GLOBAL THREAT OF PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS At its meeting in December 1999, the Council requested

More information

Challenges and options of pesticide use: In the context of Nepal

Challenges and options of pesticide use: In the context of Nepal Landschaftsökologie und Umweltforschung 38 p. 130-141 Braunschweig 2002 Challenges and options of pesticide use: In the context of Nepal B.R. PALIKHE Plant Protection Directorate, Department of Agriculture,

More information

New EU pesticide legislation the view of a manufacturer

New EU pesticide legislation the view of a manufacturer Aspects of Applied Biology 106, 2011 Crop Protection in Southern Britain New EU pesticide legislation the view of a manufacturer By J C WILLIAMS Bayer CropScience Ltd, 230, Cambridge Science Park, Milton

More information

Chapter 12 Pest Management I: Integrated Pest Management

Chapter 12 Pest Management I: Integrated Pest Management Chapter 12 Pest Management I: Integrated Pest Management Contents What is Integrated Pest Management? 12-1 Potential Human Health and Environmental Impacts 12-3 IPM Program Design 12-10 Implementation

More information

a white paper from Pete Trotman

a white paper from Pete Trotman a white paper from Pete Trotman The effects of biocides legislation on pest management A white paper on the effects of biocides regulation (EU) 528/2012 (BPR) on controlling rodent population This paper

More information

September 19, 1984 FOOD PRODUCTION AND DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE, SECTION INSPECTION BRANCH PRODUCTION ET INSPECTION PESTICIDES DES ALIMENTS TRADE MEMORANDUM

September 19, 1984 FOOD PRODUCTION AND DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE, SECTION INSPECTION BRANCH PRODUCTION ET INSPECTION PESTICIDES DES ALIMENTS TRADE MEMORANDUM Agriculture Canada September 19, 1984 T-1-245 FOOD PRODUCTION AND DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE, SECTION INSPECTION BRANCH PRODUCTION ET INSPECTION PESTICIDES DES ALIMENTS TRADE MEMORANDUM RE: Guidelines for Developing

More information

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS SECTION 1 In an ecosystem, plants capture the sun's energy and use it to convert inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic compounds. This process of using

More information

Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Food Hygiene /Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Food Hygiene /Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Food Hygiene /Faculty of Veterinary Medicine The Master Degree Food Hygiene /Veterinary Medicine is awarded by the Faculty of Graduate Studies at Jordan University

More information

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Introduction Pests are an inevitable problem faced by nursery growers. For the purposes of this document, the term pest refers to insects, diseases, weeds, slugs,

More information

Pest Control Practices in Oregon Public Schools

Pest Control Practices in Oregon Public Schools Pest Control Practices in Oregon Public Schools Oregon Environmental Council written by Laura Weiss, M.P.H. and Star Moran With special thanks to Erin Cushing 222 NW Davis Street, Suite 309 Portland OR

More information

Innovative technologies and services for environmental professionals. 1.3 1.4

Innovative technologies and services for environmental professionals. 1.3 1.4 Innovative technologies and services for environmental professionals. Safety Data Sheet BioStar DSL Wastewater Bioaugmentation Supplement Section 1: Identification 1.1 1.2 PRODUCT IDENTIFIER: Product Name:

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 (a) Why are zebra mussels located primarily in areas in the eastern United States rather than in the western United States? One point can be

More information

Phone: 989.673.5300 x 304 Caro MI 48723 URL: www.tisd.k12.mi.us Email: aslagh@tisd.k12.mi.us

Phone: 989.673.5300 x 304 Caro MI 48723 URL: www.tisd.k12.mi.us Email: aslagh@tisd.k12.mi.us AGRI SCIENCE LANDSCAPING / TURFGRASS TECHNOLOGY SYLLABUS SCHOOL: Tuscola Technology Center Instructor: Arlon Slagh ADDRESS: 1401 Cleaver Road Phone: 989.673.5300 x 304 Caro MI 48723 URL: www.tisd.k12.mi.us

More information

Pest Management Regulatory Agency

Pest Management Regulatory Agency Pest Management Regulatory Agency Overview Document Introduction The Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) was established in April 1995 in response to the recommendations of the Pesticide Registration

More information

PESTICIDES. Your Health

PESTICIDES. Your Health PESTICIDES Your Health What are Pesticides? Pesticides including insecticides, herbicides and other chemicals targeted at different types of pests - are intended to kill or suppress pests. As a result,

More information

US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs

US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs Memorandum of Understanding Between EPA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention July 28, 2000 MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING between

More information

Population Ecology. Life History Traits as Evolutionary Adaptations

Population Ecology. Life History Traits as Evolutionary Adaptations Population Ecology An Overview of Population Ecology Population ecology is the study of factors that affect population: Density Growth A population is a group of individuals of a single species that occupy

More information

FUTURE CHALLENGES OF PROVIDING HIGH-QUALITY WATER - Vol. II - Environmental Impact of Food Production and Consumption - Palaniappa Krishnan

FUTURE CHALLENGES OF PROVIDING HIGH-QUALITY WATER - Vol. II - Environmental Impact of Food Production and Consumption - Palaniappa Krishnan ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION Palaniappa Krishnan Bioresources Engineering Department, University of Delaware, USA Keywords: Soil organisms, soil fertility, water quality, solar

More information

Attachment I. Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy

Attachment I. Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy Attachment I Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy Mission Statement It is the mission of the County of Santa Barbara to promote environmentally sensitive pest management while preserving

More information

Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Veterinary Epidemiology/Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Veterinary Epidemiology/Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Course Curriculum for Master Degree in Veterinary Epidemiology/Faculty of Veterinary Medicine The Master Degree Veterinary Epidemiology/ Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is awarded by the Faculty of Graduate

More information

1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Safety Data Sheet Revision Date: 9/13/2014 SDS #: SDS-10226-01 1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Description: Hazardous Reagent None Product Code 51-17-02 51-17-01 51-17-04 51-17-03 Hazardous

More information

Upscaling of locally proven IPM technologies for control of pest of economic importance i

Upscaling of locally proven IPM technologies for control of pest of economic importance i Technology Fact Sheet for Adaptation Upscaling of locally proven IPM technologies for control of pest of economic importance i Technology: Upscaling of locally proven IPM technologies for control of pest

More information

Model Policy Statement for Integrated Pest Management in Schools and Child Care Facilities

Model Policy Statement for Integrated Pest Management in Schools and Child Care Facilities Model Policy Statement for Integrated Pest Management in Schools and Child Care Facilities School Pest Management Policy Statement Structural and landscape pests can pose significant problems in the urban

More information

Biodiversity Concepts

Biodiversity Concepts Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.

More information

HEPTACHLOR USE FOR THE CONTROL OF ARGENTINE ANTS. A Public Discussion Paper

HEPTACHLOR USE FOR THE CONTROL OF ARGENTINE ANTS. A Public Discussion Paper HEPTACHLOR USE FOR THE CONTROL OF ARGENTINE ANTS A Public Discussion Paper Environmental Protection Authority Perth, Western Australia Bulletin No. 325 March 1988 ISBN 0 7309 1695 2 ISSN 1030-0120 CONTENTS

More information

Tackling Europe s bee decline The role veterinarians can play. Federation of Veterinarians of Europe

Tackling Europe s bee decline The role veterinarians can play. Federation of Veterinarians of Europe Tackling Europe s bee decline The role veterinarians can play Federation of Veterinarians of Europe Bees : minute animals, massive importance Bees have a lot of responsibility on their tiny striped backs.

More information

Introduction to the concepts of IPM

Introduction to the concepts of IPM DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRY AND FISHERIES Principles of Integrated Pest Management Deanna Chin and Brian Thistleton, Entomology, Diagnostic Services What is a pest? Principles of IPM Introduction to

More information

Chapter I. Historical Perspective on Crop Protection

Chapter I. Historical Perspective on Crop Protection Chapter I Historical Perspective on Crop Protection Chapter I Historical Perspective on Crop Protection Since recorded history, the impact of pests on food crops has been important. Many practices of traditional

More information