In the Name of God. Television Religious Program and Audience Reception: A Comparative Study on Iranian TV Islamic Programs and Electronic Church.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "In the Name of God. Television Religious Program and Audience Reception: A Comparative Study on Iranian TV Islamic Programs and Electronic Church."

Transcription

1 In the Name of God Television Religious Program and Audience Reception: A Comparative Study on Iranian TV Islamic Programs and Electronic Church. Nasser Bahonar Member of Faculty Imam Sadigh University The Prophet of Islam, as his first step, in order to ascertain an Islamic community, consecrated a mosque in Madinah served as an initial platform for Islamic public medium. Everyone knew the real function of this medium. This measure gradually expanded and turned into the development and expansion of one of the most significant centers of communications and intercultural interactions among the members of this Islamic community. Following the establishment of this center, throughout the history of Islamic civilization, other numerous centers came into being, each was responsible for one aspect of communicative output of the Islamic community. Other revealed religions such as: christianity, Jewism had recognized the importance and position of such communicative centers. They had made use of certain traditional media like churches and synagogues to promote their purposes. 1

2 The advent of mass media was a great and considerable phenomenon in this modern world of life. Each religion in proportion to its own social and cultural conditions confronted with this new phenomenon. Without considering differentiations from viewpoints of various religions and denying them, it is worth mentioning that all of them have this common notion that modern media are considered considerable and influential in social communications. Their advantages and disadvantages depend on their applications. Both Islam and Christianity cast similar positive glances at mass media and encourage their followers to distinguish and use them in a proper and committed way. Today both Islamic and Christian societies enjoy many experiences and useful applications of mass media for religion purposes. Motivations, the method of application of mass media; impacts and constraints all contain many differences in their cultural realm. But an intercultural and communicative study can help us take advantage of such experiences, especially when dealing with similar matters and issues and while negotiating about them. In this paper I have tried to review some of my research data based on some religious programs of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), and after presenting some specifications of Christian TV. Programs or what is called Electronic Church I have given several suggestions regarding this intercultural communicative exchange of views. 2

3 Islamic TV Programs of IRIB The first radio station was inaugurated more than 60 years ago and the first TV. Station more than 40 years ago. During these years Islamic programs formed some part of radio and TV. Programs. Producing such programs has increased considerably after The Islamic Revolution. Their qualitative aspect has also seen marked improvement. In order to study the current situation of IRIB programs a research plan has been designed and implemented in two sections. First, content analysis of high appeal audience Islamic TV programs. Terminal objective of this part was to distinguish the content and the method of presenting Islamic ideology to the audience. Second, a field study in order to study audience viewpoints about IRIB programs and their place in traditional and modern Islamic media was also carried out. Based on this research on program communication, it shows that besides the clergy, other classes of society such as: university students and professors and artists have had real partnership in providing such messages. This multiplicity of partnership attracted different audiences with different specifications and interests. The content of these programs include different dimensions such as: beliefs, ethics, traditions, religious rituals, and history of Islam. This multiplicity of content for Islam, which is considered as a multidimensional, multipurpose vehicle of thought considered to be a thorough art. But in these programs the dominant trend, 3

4 is that of Islamic beliefs. Today one of the issues of program making is taking advantage of message presentation. Different forms of programs, dialectical forms of communications, direct or indirect narration, active methods, are all different dimensions of presenting messages Islamic programs of IRIB, during last decade have enjoyed appropriate growth, making use of all kinds of methods and due to attractive portrayal of message have attracted more audiences. Different forms of programs i.e. serials, feature film TV. theater, animation film and so on has improved considerably, although reflection of speeches, religious rituals, and classes are used similar to forms of traditional media. Dominant use of indirect method in presenting messages and breaking traditional framework of direct methods can be considered as a worthy situation in Iran. On the whole this can bring about an appropriate framework for program making. The result of survey study show that about 90% of Iranians watch TV.70% of whom allocate two hours of their time to watching TV. 50% of them regard this time as a significant reason for watching programs to entertain themselves and fill their free time and 25% of them indicated they spend their time to watch the news and other events. 96% of the people are interested in religion and religious themes and 70% show their high eagerness for religion and this shows the religious texture of the society. What is interesting is that the results also reject the claim of close relationship between low educations with religiousness. The findings show that after 4

5 childhood, there is a direct relationship between increase in age and high eagerness towards religion with. Almost all audiences have shown positive reaction towards religious programs. Religious programs similar to entertaining ones have attracted most audiences and have satisfied all of them though they have expected production and broadcasting more entertaining religious programs. It cannot be said that the problem of relationship between entertaining and religious programs has been solved. At the same time the informative and training content of these programs has not been to a large extent satisfactory. Findings show that about 60% of Iranians still consider traditional religious media as their first choice in communicative functions. But on the whole, the Islamic TV programs of IRIB and Islamic press especially in the field of entertainment and informative functions enjoy a considerable amount of agreeability. Electronic church Eighty years of experience in the world of Christianity and application of new media has clarified certain characteristics about communicative aspects of Christianity. Investigations show that the communicators or presents of such programs are mainly among religious leaders or the clergy of the churches. Other social classes of society have but little partnership in providing such religious messages. 5

6 The majority of programs are related to chapel ceremonies and preaching of the clergy, especially related to Sunday sermons and in most cases no changes is imposed on such programs, as they are broadcast on TV. Of course during recent years so many educational and informative programs have been produced for children and broadcast. In such programs many forms of TV programs have been used. A research done by Anneberg-Gallop about the audiences of Electronic Church show that observers of these programs have almost had some beliefs as those who attend the church ceremonies. They include certain low-income people of society and traditional believers. In this regard, Christian media have all endeavored to change the content of their programs in order to meet the needs of modern humanity and as a result attract the attention of more audiences. The role of entertaining programs is considered one of the problems of program makers. This, to a large extent has limited the possibility of religious messages in prime time TV programs. This conflict, along with the desire to entertainment is still an uneasy issue for program producers and even some clergy who are still trying to solve it. Some by presenting appropriate religious issues try to make an entertaining program and thus confront many problems. Another significant achievement is the use of modern media in religious matters and putting emphasis on producing traditional vis-à-vis communications. Some experts in communications not only emphasize continuation of this traditional communication, but also believe that effective and appropriate application of 6

7 modern media is achievable whenever religious functions of traditional media is put into effect. conclusion Whatever was briefly mentioned here is regarded as an cross cultural study in comparative verification of IRIB programs as an Islamic country and about Christian TV programs. This comparison shows different uses of religious communications such as: 1.Today TV. Religious programs are wandering between religious television and televised Religion. Television possesses a variety of capabilities and merits compared with other media. Producers of religious programs should distinguish their evolution and should appropriately make use of TV. Techniques. These efforts should continue to such extent that religion via television, by broadcasting religious rituals, sermons without any cuts in between be gradually changed into religious television. 2.The high wall between entertainment and religion still remains.during the past decades the entertaining function of religious programs has been the weakest application of their communicative functions. As a result, by presenting new definition for entertainment and looking for the proper and beautiful religious and humane themes, we can take more effective steps in solving this problem. 3.Most audiences of religious programs include religious people. It seems that such programs were limited to those people and to limited scale. While Quran states, 7

8 "All human being are by nature born religious." This is the duty and responsibility of program makers to provide necessary communicative attractions and by meeting the needs of other people out of the category of religious people answer their question, awaken them and provide a kind of background in order make them join to religious group of the society. 4.The manner of interaction of traditional and modern religious media has always been presenting a question.it cannot be ignored that religious traditional media especially in Islamic countries has always been an invaluable heritage possessing lively social functions. Any kind of planning for each of these media should take the growth and reinforcement of the other into consideration in order to omit its shortcomings in the process of religious communications. Anyway, there is not any conflict between them and every effort should be done to bring them under one convergence. Finally, in regard to the special theme of this gathering i.e. intercultural communication, I suggest that a research for the purpose of comparative study about TV religious programs in Islamic countries be designed and implemented and be presented as an achievement of this scope in future. 8

9 Refrences 1. -Harold J.Ellen (1974), Models of Religious Broadcasting,Grand Rapids,MI:Eerdmans Michael Suman,ed(1997), Religion & Prime Time Television,London: Praeger. 3-Stwart M.Hoover(1988), Mass Media Religion:The social Sources of Electronic Church.Newburry Park:Sage Publication. 4- Vatican (1992), Postal Instruction (AETATIS NOVAE) on social communications,on the twentieth anniversary of Communio et Proyressio,Vatican City,Vatican Press. 5- Vatican (1997), Ethics in Advertising, Vatican City: Vatican Press 6-Vatican (2000), Ethics in Communication,Vatican City:Vatican Press. 9

Children and Mass Media in the Arab World: A Need for More Media Education

Children and Mass Media in the Arab World: A Need for More Media Education : A Need for More Media Education Samy Tayie, (Dr., Professor) Cairo University, Egypt Email: stayie@link.net Introduction In the old days, childhood was not well taken care of. Children were seen as savage

More information

Courses in Communication (COMM)

Courses in Communication (COMM) Courses in Communication (COMM) 101. (SPCH 1311) Introduction to Communication. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of communication topics, research, and contexts of communicative practice; overview of communication

More information

AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF MUSIC (AIM) UNIT DESCRIPTIONS: BACHELOR OF ENTERTAINMENT MGMT STAGE 1: FOUNDATION STAGE (TRIMESTER 1)

AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF MUSIC (AIM) UNIT DESCRIPTIONS: BACHELOR OF ENTERTAINMENT MGMT STAGE 1: FOUNDATION STAGE (TRIMESTER 1) STAGE 1: FOUNDATION STAGE (TRIMESTER 1) Introduction to Arts and Entertainment Management (M1AE1) Provides a broad overview of the arts and entertainment industry. Industry trends are examined such as

More information

COMM - Communication (COMM)

COMM - Communication (COMM) Texas A&M University 1 COMM - Communication (COMM) COMM 101 Introduction to Communication (SPCH 1311) Introduction to Communication. Survey of communication topics, research, and contexts of communicative

More information

THE CORE. Inspiring. Beginning. Mission & Vision. Uniqueness. Objectives. Our Studio. Our Departments. Reproduction. Production.

THE CORE. Inspiring. Beginning. Mission & Vision. Uniqueness. Objectives. Our Studio. Our Departments. Reproduction. Production. RAHBARTV THE CORE Inspiring 3 Beginning 5 Mission & Vision 7 Uniqueness 8 Objectives 9 Our Studio 10 Our Departments 11 Reproduction 13 Production 14 Join Us 15 Inspiring o book can be more inspiring than

More information

Radio 2. Part l: Key characteristics of the service. 1. Remit

Radio 2. Part l: Key characteristics of the service. 1. Remit Radio 2 Part l: Key characteristics of the service 1. Remit The remit of Radio 2 is to be a distinctive mixed music and speech service, targeted at a broad audience, appealing to all age groups over 35.

More information

Summary of the proposed course TRAD 101: The Religion of Islam

Summary of the proposed course TRAD 101: The Religion of Islam New Course Proposal Scott Lucas Dept. of Near Eastern Studies Religious Studies Program Summary of the proposed course TRAD 101: The Religion of Islam The goal of the proposed course The Religion of Islam

More information

Des Moines Area Community College

Des Moines Area Community College Des Moines Area Community College COURSE COMPETENCY INFORMATION Effective Date: August 2008 Acronym/Number: JOU 165 Historical Reference: JNAD 165 Course Title: Principles of Advertising Credit Breakout:

More information

CHAPTER TWO SEGMENTING THE MARKET

CHAPTER TWO SEGMENTING THE MARKET CHAPTER TWO SEGMENTING THE MARKET The Marketing Mixes 45 When marketers break the marketplace into separate target markets, they are segmenting the market, and each segment must meet four criteria in order

More information

Fire Safety Education - Knowing Your Audience Ed Kirtley, M Ed Officer/Instructor Coordinator

Fire Safety Education - Knowing Your Audience Ed Kirtley, M Ed Officer/Instructor Coordinator Fire Safety Education - Knowing Your Audience Ed Kirtley, M Ed Officer/Instructor Coordinator I recently had the privilege of teaching a course on public education methods to a group of students from Massachusetts.

More information

Most Americans say media coverage of religion too sensationalized

Most Americans say media coverage of religion too sensationalized Most Americans say media coverage of religion too sensationalized In a new survey of journalists and their audiences, less than one-fifth of reporters call themselves very knowledgeable about religion

More information

Media Today, 5 th Edition. Chapter Recaps & Study Guide. Chapter 1: Understanding Mass Media, Convergence, and the Importance of Media Literacy

Media Today, 5 th Edition. Chapter Recaps & Study Guide. Chapter 1: Understanding Mass Media, Convergence, and the Importance of Media Literacy 1 Media Today, 5 th Edition Chapter Recaps & Study Guide Chapter 1: Understanding Mass Media, Convergence, and the Importance of Media Literacy Chapter 1 sets the foundation for the rest of the book by

More information

Division of Education Associate of Arts in Early Childhood Education and Bachelor of Arts in

Division of Education Associate of Arts in Early Childhood Education and Bachelor of Arts in 202 Degrees Awarded by Academic Program Associate of Arts in Early Childhood Education and Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education Bachelor of Arts in Child Development 3 Bachelor of Arts in Elementary

More information

Proposed Minor in Media Studies. Department of Communication. University of Utah

Proposed Minor in Media Studies. Department of Communication. University of Utah Proposed Minor in Media Studies Department of Communication University of Utah The minor in Media Studies is designed to serve students who have interests and/or needs to develop enhanced knowledge related

More information

The Ongoing Impact of the Evolution of Our Media Culture

The Ongoing Impact of the Evolution of Our Media Culture INTRODUCTION The Ongoing Impact of the Evolution of Our Media Culture The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place. George Bernard Shaw F or two millennia, Christians

More information

Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964

Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964 Nicolas Bauquet, march 2005 Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964 I started my PhD research in September 2002 to elucidate the relationships between religion and politics

More information

COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA WITH ELECTRONIC MEDIA

COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA WITH ELECTRONIC MEDIA 27 COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA WITH ELECTRONIC MEDIA In the earlier lesson, you have learnt about different kinds of traditional media. Have you ever thought about the difference between traditional

More information

KORAN BY HEART A FILM BY GREG BARKER STUDY GUIDE

KORAN BY HEART A FILM BY GREG BARKER STUDY GUIDE KORAN BY HEART A FILM BY GREG BARKER STUDY GUIDE ABOUT THE FILM The world s preeminent Koran-recitation competition takes place each year in Cairo, drawing Muslim children from as far as Tajikistan and

More information

SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS

SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS Within the broad area of the place of religion in society teachers may choose from one or more o the suggested contexts (this list is not exhaustive): Religion in history e.g.

More information

CHM Leadership Certification Level III, Course #9 Teens and Religion Linda Mei Lin Koh, GC Children s Ministries (Handouts)

CHM Leadership Certification Level III, Course #9 Teens and Religion Linda Mei Lin Koh, GC Children s Ministries (Handouts) CHM Leadership Certification Level III, Course #9 Teens and Religion Linda Mei Lin Koh, GC Children s Ministries (Handouts) Why Do We Need to Understand Teens? (Barna) Teens largely define the values and

More information

COMM - Communication Arts

COMM - Communication Arts COMM - Communication Arts COMM 1100 - Orientation to Communication Arts This course gives students a foundation for beginning studies in the Department of Communication Arts. It will focus on the history

More information

Cloverdale College is an undergraduate school of religious education and

Cloverdale College is an undergraduate school of religious education and Cloverdale College is an undergraduate school of religious education and theology committed to the principles of reason, conscience, and freedom of thought and expression. It was established on the 200th

More information

Woodlands Primary RE Scheme of Work

Woodlands Primary RE Scheme of Work Woodlands Primary RE Scheme of Work The following RE Scheme of work has been developed using the Discovery RE Scheme of work and the Cheshire Scheme of work. The Scheme of work compliments the Cheshire

More information

COMMUNICATION. COMMRC 0005 INTERVIEWING AND INFORMATION GATHERING 3 cr. COMMRC 0310 RHETORICAL PROCESS 3 cr.

COMMUNICATION. COMMRC 0005 INTERVIEWING AND INFORMATION GATHERING 3 cr. COMMRC 0310 RHETORICAL PROCESS 3 cr. COMMUNICATION COMMRC 0005 INTERVIEWING AND INFORMATION GATHERING 3 cr. Students are introduced to the fundamental principles of interviewing, including the interpersonal communication process, the structure

More information

Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies

Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies Some athletes in the U.S. combine sport participation and religion in ways that are rare in other societies. Chapter 15 Sports and Religion: Is It a Promising

More information

Production Company Policy Paper

Production Company Policy Paper Production Company Policy Paper Executive Summary This paper queries if these donations can be better utilised where we have total control over the content produced, because the issue at hand is not the

More information

Five Key Questions of Media Literacy. Five Core Concepts

Five Key Questions of Media Literacy. Five Core Concepts PMS 187 U Five Key Questions of Media Literacy 2005 / Center for Media Literacy PMS 187 C 1. 2. Who created this message? What creative techniques are used to attract my attention? 3. How might different

More information

Christian Concepts Unpacked : Prophecy Upper KS2

Christian Concepts Unpacked : Prophecy Upper KS2 Title: Prophecy Upper Key Concept: Divine inspiration Religion: Christianity Key Question: Is prophecy significant today for Christians? Duration :approx 6 hours Back Story: One of the main themes throughout

More information

COMMUNICATION STUDIES

COMMUNICATION STUDIES COMMUNICATION STUDIES Department Office: MUSIC 104 Phone (323) 343-4200 Fax (323) 343-6467 The Department of Communication Studies offers undergraduate programs leading to Bachelor of Arts degrees in TV,

More information

Religious Studies Cognates. Christianity This cognate introduces students to historical and contemporary Christianity.

Religious Studies Cognates. Christianity This cognate introduces students to historical and contemporary Christianity. Religious Studies Cognates Christianity This cognate introduces students to historical and contemporary Christianity. REL 232 History of Christianity REL 101 Introduction to Religion REL 103 One God REL

More information

Guide Religious Expression - Revision

Guide Religious Expression - Revision Guide Religious Expression - Revision Key Concepts Community A group of people who are joined together because thay share something in common. Evangelism Spreading a faith or religion to others. Faith

More information

SUMMARY Subject of the thesis: Author: Academic Adviser: Organization: Relevance of the research issue

SUMMARY Subject of the thesis: Author: Academic Adviser: Organization: Relevance of the research issue SUMMARY Subject of the thesis: The Role of the Mass Media in International Political Processes (the Syrian Conflict under Review). Author: Yulia Alieva. Academic Adviser: Ovcharova G.B., Professor, PhD,

More information

more specific models is needed here. Finally, three emphases are highlighted for future research: participation in voluntary work must be placed in a

more specific models is needed here. Finally, three emphases are highlighted for future research: participation in voluntary work must be placed in a SUMMARY This third part of the series 'Civil society and voluntary work' presents secondary analyses of a number of Dutch and international databases. This makes it possible, following the theoretical

More information

Professional Communication and Digital Media. Professional Health Communication. Health Communication. Media Studies/Research and Theory

Professional Communication and Digital Media. Professional Health Communication. Health Communication. Media Studies/Research and Theory In fall 2015 the School of Communication launched the first of five new concentrations for its MA program. The new concentration, Professional Communication and Digital Media, drew 22 students. Beginning

More information

Q2) Discuss the various basis of classification of advertising. Give examples. Q5) Advertising is wasteful expenditure for any business. Comment.

Q2) Discuss the various basis of classification of advertising. Give examples. Q5) Advertising is wasteful expenditure for any business. Comment. QUESTION BANK ADVERTISING AND SALES PROMOTION UNIT1: ADVERTISING AN INTRODUCTION Q1. What is advertising? Q2) Discuss the various basis of classification of advertising. Give examples. Q3) Discuss the

More information

SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY. Syllabus Of Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication. For 1 st Year to 3 rd Year

SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY. Syllabus Of Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication. For 1 st Year to 3 rd Year SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY Syllabus Of Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication For 1 st Year to 3 rd Year FIRST YEAR S. NO. PAPER 1. Media Writing 2. Socio Economic & Political development 3. Introduction

More information

Divergent Brand Building Strategies: How Do They Match Up? By Kirk L. Wakefield, PhD

Divergent Brand Building Strategies: How Do They Match Up? By Kirk L. Wakefield, PhD Divergent Brand Building Strategies: How Do They Match Up? By Kirk L. Wakefield, PhD In competitive selling environments, brand identity is an important differentiator for both the sales professional and

More information

ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN SOCIAL AWRENESS 1 Virginia Paul, 2 Dr. Priyanka Singh, 3 Dr. Sunita B. John

ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN SOCIAL AWRENESS 1 Virginia Paul, 2 Dr. Priyanka Singh, 3 Dr. Sunita B. John ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN SOCIAL AWRENESS 1 Virginia Paul, 2 Dr. Priyanka Singh, 3 Dr. Sunita B. John 1 Associate Professor, Department of Home Science, 2 In charge & Assistant Professor, 3 Head & Assistant

More information

Chapter Objectives. That s Entertainment. Entertainment Marketing. Types of Entertainment Businesses

Chapter Objectives. That s Entertainment. Entertainment Marketing. Types of Entertainment Businesses Entertainment Marketing Types of Entertainment Businesses 2 Chapter Objectives Define entertainment marketing. Identify different types of entertainment media. Explain the economics of entertainment marketing.

More information

RELATIONSHIPS REVISION GUIDE

RELATIONSHIPS REVISION GUIDE RELATIONSHIPS REVISION GUIDE Key Concepts CHASTITY No sex before marriage to remain sexually pure for marriage. LOVE One of the most powerful human emotions that joins people together. RESPONSIBILITY your

More information

CULTURAL COMPETENCY Section 13. Cultural Competency. Purpose

CULTURAL COMPETENCY Section 13. Cultural Competency. Purpose Cultural Competency Purpose The purpose of the Cultural Competency program is to ensure that the Plan meets the unique, diverse needs of all members; to provide that the associates of the Plan value diversity

More information

Media Today, 5 th Edition. Chapter Recaps & Study Guide. Chapter 13: The Television Industry

Media Today, 5 th Edition. Chapter Recaps & Study Guide. Chapter 13: The Television Industry 1 Media Today, 5 th Edition Chapter Recaps & Study Guide Chapter 13: The Television Industry Digital technologies have changed the ways in which we "watch television." At the same time, advertisers are

More information

Islam is a religion that is 1,400 years old and founded by Muhammad in the 600 A.D Muhammad's teachings compiled and created a sacred text for

Islam is a religion that is 1,400 years old and founded by Muhammad in the 600 A.D Muhammad's teachings compiled and created a sacred text for Islam is a religion that is 1,400 years old and founded by Muhammad in the 600 A.D Muhammad's teachings compiled and created a sacred text for Muslims, called the Quran. Islam is one of the largest religion

More information

HIS 13 Introduction to Modern European History

HIS 13 Introduction to Modern European History HIS 13 Introduction to Modern European History Basic Information Instructor Name Home Institution Email Office Hours Naum G. Katz Carnegie Mellon University kats@andrew.cmu.edu by Appointment Course Description

More information

GEP Overarching Goals GEP Course-Level Learning Objectives Goals/Assessment Map

GEP Overarching Goals GEP Course-Level Learning Objectives Goals/Assessment Map 1 GEP Overarching Goals GEP Course-Level Learning Objectives Goals/Assessment Map 2014-2018 1. GEP GOALS and OBJECTIVES In keeping with liberal education in the Jesuit tradition, upon completion of the

More information

THE MOSQUE IN ISLAM. The whole earth is a Mosque. Muslims at prayer

THE MOSQUE IN ISLAM. The whole earth is a Mosque. Muslims at prayer THE MOSQUE IN ISLAM Place of Worship and Remembrance of Allah Mosques are special places of worship for Muslims. Five times every day Muslims meet in the mosque and pray together; standing before God,

More information

Forum for proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought

Forum for proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought Forum for proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought The World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought is the only and most welcomed Forum among Muslim Community in both Shia a and Sunni s. The

More information

Period(s) Per Day: 1 Credit: 1 Credit Requirement Fulfilled: Required of juniors - a must pass course

Period(s) Per Day: 1 Credit: 1 Credit Requirement Fulfilled: Required of juniors - a must pass course United States History Grade Level: 11 Length: 1 Year Period(s) Per Day: 1 Credit: 1 Credit Requirement Fulfilled: Required of juniors - a must pass course Course Description The United States History course

More information

Communication Classes

Communication Classes Communication Classes 100. Introduction to Communication and Rhetoric. (3h) Introduction to the theories, research, and analysis of verbal and nonverbal processes by which human beings share meanings and

More information

Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association. Studying Media, Film and Communications at University. Choosing the right course for you

Media, Communication and Cultural Studies Association. Studying Media, Film and Communications at University. Choosing the right course for you Studying Media, Film and Communications at University Choosing the right course for you Introducing our field Welcome to this brief introduction to a growing and dynamic field of university study. We hope

More information

OMAN 2014 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT

OMAN 2014 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT OMAN 2014 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT Executive Summary The Basic Law prohibits discrimination based on religion and protects the right of individuals to practice religious rites on the condition

More information

THE GOLDEN RULE OF ALL RELIGIONS Notes for an Interfaith Meeting and Prayer Session

THE GOLDEN RULE OF ALL RELIGIONS Notes for an Interfaith Meeting and Prayer Session 1 THE GOLDEN RULE OF ALL RELIGIONS Notes for an Interfaith Meeting and Prayer Session Intent of these notes To emphasize the fact that at the heart of a true religion there has to be love others - as our

More information

WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media

WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media P a g e 1 WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media As the worlds first constitutional democratic republic, The United States is considered a role model for a large number of countries. We have state

More information

Arabs, Kurds, & Persians

Arabs, Kurds, & Persians Arabs, Kurds, & Persians Standards SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East). a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a

More information

Why Do Many Christians Believe Their Religion is the Best?

Why Do Many Christians Believe Their Religion is the Best? Why Do Many Christians Believe Their Religion is the Best? Part 1 Background, definitions, clarifying concepts, the spectrum of possibilities Q: First, let's define: what is religion? A1: Religion is the

More information

Chapter 11 Developing Christianity in Mongolia During the Last Two Decades

Chapter 11 Developing Christianity in Mongolia During the Last Two Decades Chapter 11 Developing Christianity in Mongolia During the Last Two Decades Purevdorj Jamsran Editor s introduction: During the past twenty years, Protestant Evangelical Christianity has become an important

More information

2009 Degrees Awarded by Academic Program

2009 Degrees Awarded by Academic Program 2009 Degrees Awarded by Academic Program Division of Education Associate of Arts in Early Childhood Education and Bachelor of Arts in Child Development 1 Associate of Arts in Early Childhood Education

More information

Religion. Christianity. vs. onetruth. Students should understand the theme of the beatitudes. Matthew 5:1-11. Lesson Overview:

Religion. Christianity. vs. onetruth. Students should understand the theme of the beatitudes. Matthew 5:1-11. Lesson Overview: Religion vs. Christianity Lesson Overview: Jesus begins the ministry of His first church with the Sermon on the Mount. Matthew 5-7 sets the stage for Jesus teaching ministry for the next three years. In

More information

MSRG Special Report: Restrictions on Civil Liberties, Views of Islam, & Muslim Americans

MSRG Special Report: Restrictions on Civil Liberties, Views of Islam, & Muslim Americans MSRG Special Report: Restrictions on Civil Liberties, Views of Islam, & Muslim Americans December 4 The Media & Society Research Group, Cornell University, 314 Kennedy Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 Prepared by

More information

Annex 8. Market Failure in Broadcasting

Annex 8. Market Failure in Broadcasting Annex 8 Market Failure in Broadcasting 202 Review of the Future Funding of the BBC Market Failure in the Broadcasting Industry An efficient broadcasting market? Economic efficiency is a situation in which

More information

In accordance with the Trust s Syndication Policy for BBC on-demand content. 2

In accordance with the Trust s Syndication Policy for BBC on-demand content. 2 BBC 6 Music Part l: Key characteristics of the service This service licence describes the most important characteristics of BBC 6 Music, including how it contributes to the BBC s public purposes. Service

More information

Ofcom s Third Review of Public Service Broadcasting Terms of Reference

Ofcom s Third Review of Public Service Broadcasting Terms of Reference Ofcom s Third Review of Public Service Broadcasting Terms of Reference Publication date: 27 May 2014 About this document This paper sets out the terms of reference for Ofcom's third review of Public Service

More information

Application for Employment Sarkes Tarzian, Inc.

Application for Employment Sarkes Tarzian, Inc. Application for Employment Sarkes Tarzian, Inc. Rev. 10/07 It is the policy of Sarkes Tarzian, Inc. not to discriminate unlawfully in its employment and personnel practices because of a person's race,

More information

AN INTERVIEW WITH A MUSLIM CONVERT TO CHRISTIANITY. Christian Freedom International JUNE 2015 JUNE 2015

AN INTERVIEW WITH A MUSLIM CONVERT TO CHRISTIANITY. Christian Freedom International JUNE 2015 JUNE 2015 JUNE 2015 Remember the Persecuted... ««««Hebrews 13:3 AN INTERVIEW WITH A MUSLIM CONVERT TO CHRISTIANITY These are children who are part of our child sponsorship program in Bangladesh. Our co-workers in

More information

Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social

Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social results of the agricultural revolution? 3. What are the

More information

Religious Studies Unit 1: Religion and life based on a study of Christianity and at least one other religion

Religious Studies Unit 1: Religion and life based on a study of Christianity and at least one other religion Write your name here Surname Other names Edexcel GCSE Centre Number Candidate Number Religious Studies Unit 1: Religion and life based on a study of Christianity and at least one other religion Tuesday

More information

National Cultural Policy

National Cultural Policy The National Ethnic and Multicultural Broadcasters Council (NEMBC) NEMBC Submission to the National Cultural Policy 2011 Contact: Russell Anderson Executive and Policy Officer National Ethnic and Multicultural

More information

COMMITTEE ON CULTURE, SCIENCE AND EDUCATION

COMMITTEE ON CULTURE, SCIENCE AND EDUCATION Updated 24 June 2009 COMMITTEE ON CULTURE, SCIENCE AND EDUCATION Hearing on Islam, Islamism and Islamophobia in Europe Rapporteur: Mr Mogens Jensen, Denmark, Socialist Group Copenhagen, Tuesday, 8 September

More information

KS 1 Template Examples

KS 1 Template Examples KS 1 Template Examples Key Stage: 2 Panoramic Q2 Is happiness the purpose of life? Example of content to be (Please give three or four areas which could be explored within this unit) Pupils consider a

More information

At The Intersection of Isolation and Otherness Ever since Ohio-born Hans

At The Intersection of Isolation and Otherness Ever since Ohio-born Hans PROFESSIONAL ANALYSIS At The Intersection of Isolation and Otherness Media framing about Muslims after 9/11 has produced many harmful consequences. The stereotypes and misconceptions that are developed

More information

What Is Sports and Entertainment Marketing?

What Is Sports and Entertainment Marketing? 1 What Is Sports and Entertainment Marketing? WHAT IS MARKETING? Marketing the creation and maintenance of satisfying exchange relationships Four Parts of Marketing Creation Maintenance Satisfaction Exchange

More information

PhD in Theology - Course Descriptions

PhD in Theology - Course Descriptions PhD in Theology - Course Descriptions Interdisciplinary Core Courses DS9010 Research Methods & Design A doctoral seminar that deals with the essential elements of academic research and writing, including

More information

Mystery Clue Game for second grade Social Studies. Susan Wilson. 1. Important Background Information:

Mystery Clue Game for second grade Social Studies. Susan Wilson. 1. Important Background Information: III. Mystery Clue Game for second grade Social Studies Susan Wilson 1. Important Background Information: Activity Title: Mystery Clue Game for Barter and Money Economies Bibliography: Mitgutsch, A. (1985).

More information

North Carolina Essential Standards Social Studies Elective American Humanities Seminar

North Carolina Essential Standards Social Studies Elective American Humanities Seminar The humanities can be described as the study of the various ways in which people, from every period of history, process and document the human experience. Since humans have been able, we have used history,

More information

difference to individuals, families and the local community.

difference to individuals, families and the local community. RELIGIOUS EDUCATION Key stage 1 1) a. name and explore a range of celebrations, worship and rituals in religion, noting similarities where. b. identify the importance, for some people, of belonging to

More information

How to Start a Film Commission

How to Start a Film Commission How to Start a Film Commission Starting a film commission is not really any different than starting any new business. You will need to so some research, develop a plan of action, and find people who are

More information

The Analysis of Sociological Functions of Farsi 1, (A Satellite TV Channel) On Iranian

The Analysis of Sociological Functions of Farsi 1, (A Satellite TV Channel) On Iranian 2011 2nd International Conference on Humanities, Historical and Social Sciences IPEDR vol.17 (2011) (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore The Analysis of Sociological Functions of Farsi 1, (A Satellite TV Channel)

More information

Finding Out About Jesus

Finding Out About Jesus 18 Who Jesus Is LESSON 1 Finding Out About Jesus Who do you think Jesus is? Some people say He was a great teacher. Others say He was a prophet, a philosopher, a Western god, or a good man whose example

More information

A Study on the Communication Methods of Designing On-Air Promotion System

A Study on the Communication Methods of Designing On-Air Promotion System , pp.181-188 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijmue.2013.8.6.18 A Study on the Communication Methods of Designing On-Air Promotion System Hyun Hahm Dept. of Broadcasting & Digital Media, Chungwoon University

More information

SCARF OR STOLE WHAT DOES IT MATTER?

SCARF OR STOLE WHAT DOES IT MATTER? SCARF OR STOLE WHAT DOES IT MATTER? Does it really matter what the clergy wear? - especially in these days of ecumenical experiment and debate? Since 1965 Canon Law has permitted varying kinds of vesture

More information

Central Connecticut State University (CCSU) > Communication. 100s

Central Connecticut State University (CCSU) > Communication. 100s Central Connecticut State University (CCSU) > Communication Send To Printer Communication 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Jump to level: 200s 300s 400s 500s COMM 115 Fundamentals of Communication 3 Basic course offering

More information

Studying role of mass media in sport development

Studying role of mass media in sport development Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com Advances in Applied Science Research, 201, 4(4):4954 ISSN: 09768610 CODEN (USA): AASRFC Studying role of mass media in sport development Mona Tavakolli

More information

INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN USING MOBILE ADVERTISING IN ANDIMESHK. Abstract

INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN USING MOBILE ADVERTISING IN ANDIMESHK. Abstract INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN USING MOBILE ADVERTISING IN ANDIMESHK Mohammad Ali Enayati Shiraz 1, Elham Ramezani 2 1-2 Department of Industrial Management, Islamic Azad University, Andimeshk Branch,

More information

CHRISTIAN STUDIES (CST)

CHRISTIAN STUDIES (CST) CHRISTIAN STUDIES (CST) CST 1011: Survey of the Old Testament (3) A survey of the content of the Old Testament in its historical and cultural setting, with a particular emphasis upon its relevance for

More information

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS. Bachelor of Fine Arts Computer Animation CORE CURRICULUM

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS. Bachelor of Fine Arts Computer Animation CORE CURRICULUM Bachelor of Fine Arts Computer Animation CORE CURRICULUM COURSE DESCRIPTIONS CA1400 Storyboarding Process This course presents the preparation of storyboards for the illustration of story advancement and

More information

Submission. PCCW Media Limited. Public Service Broadcasting Review. 9 March 2006

Submission. PCCW Media Limited. Public Service Broadcasting Review. 9 March 2006 CB(1)1064/05-06(03) Submission of PCCW Media Limited on Public Service Broadcasting Review 9 March 2006 P. 1 PUBLIC SERVICE BROADCASTING REVIEW I. Introduction PCCW welcomes the opportunity to submit its

More information

Community A company or fellowship of people A group of people who have something in common A religious family or group

Community A company or fellowship of people A group of people who have something in common A religious family or group Unit 4 Authority Religion & State Christianity & Islam Key concepts Laws Rules and agreed limits to behaviour and action Written statements that define acceptable behaviour Duties and expectations of people

More information

FY14 LRAC Operating Support Guidelines Tier 1 Effective Date: July 1, 2013

FY14 LRAC Operating Support Guidelines Tier 1 Effective Date: July 1, 2013 LAKE REGION ARTS COU NCIL/MINNESOTA STATE LEGISLATURE FY14 LRAC Operating Support Guidelines Tier 1 Effective Date: July 1, 2013 Grant Information Amount: 10% of the FY12 Annual Expenses, up to $5,000

More information

TITLE OF THESIS Marketing Australian National Identity Through Film: The Place of The Video Store. NAME Cherie Brits

TITLE OF THESIS Marketing Australian National Identity Through Film: The Place of The Video Store. NAME Cherie Brits TITLE OF THESIS NAME Cherie Brits DEGREES Bachelor of Arts in Media Studies Bachelor of Arts in Psychology STATEMENT OF PRESENTATION This thesis is presented for the degree of Research Masters in Training

More information

Gabriel Arquilevich. Author

Gabriel Arquilevich. Author Editor Karen Tam Froloff Editor/Consultant Kiran Prasad Upadhyay Managing Editor Karen J. Goldfluss, M.S. Ed. Editor-in-Chief Sharon Coan, M.S. Ed. Illustrator Agnes S. Palinay Cover Artist Leslie Palmer

More information

Study program International Communication (120 ЕCTS)

Study program International Communication (120 ЕCTS) Study program International Communication (120 ЕCTS) Faculty Cycle Languages, Cultures and Communications Postgraduate ECTS 120 Offered in Skopje Description of the program The International Communication

More information

Optional course: Religious studies

Optional course: Religious studies Appendix 8 of Regulation No 2 of the Government of the Republic 6 January 2011 National curriculum for upper secondary schools Last amendment 29 August 2014 Optional course: Religious studies 1. General

More information

Critical Media Analysis

Critical Media Analysis Critical Media Analysis A Comparative Study of Print Media in Oman and UAE By Sushil Kumar Sharma Department of Communication Studies Sur College of Applied Science Ministry of Higher Education Sultanate

More information

An Introduction to Health Communication. A Knowledge to Practice Program

An Introduction to Health Communication. A Knowledge to Practice Program An Introduction to Health Communication A Knowledge to Practice Program Learning Objectives By the end of this tutorial, you will: Be able to define health communication Understand the different components

More information

Johnson State College External Degree Program. HUM-3170-JY01 Popular Culture in America Syllabus Spring 2015

Johnson State College External Degree Program. HUM-3170-JY01 Popular Culture in America Syllabus Spring 2015 Johnson State College External Degree Program HUM-3170-JY01 Popular Culture in America Syllabus Spring 2015 Instructor: Sally Sugarman E-mail address: sugarman@bennington.edu, sms03270@jsc.vsc.edu Home

More information

Power On! Maximize Your Business With Greater Exposure

Power On! Maximize Your Business With Greater Exposure Power On! Maximize Your Business With Greater Exposure Business Television Network is positioned to become the leader in business information distribution, through an integrated infrastructure combining

More information

Propaganda Techniques in the Media

Propaganda Techniques in the Media Propaganda Techniques in the Media How do you decide who is the best candidate or which is the best toothpaste? Looking for facts to back up your choice is an excellent idea, but find out who is presenting

More information

Unit Test - Byzantine Empire and Islam

Unit Test - Byzantine Empire and Islam Unit Test - Byzantine Empire and Islam Multiple Choice. Write the letter representing the best answer in the space provided. 1. The capital of the Byzantine Empire was Constantinople. What is it known

More information

Potential Questions for Pastoral Candidate Interview

Potential Questions for Pastoral Candidate Interview Potential Questions for Pastoral Candidate Interview This is not meant to be an exhaustive list of questions nor necessarily used in its entirety; simply a guide to assist in your interviews. You may choose

More information

PAST PAPER QUESTIONS

PAST PAPER QUESTIONS PAST PAPER QUESTIONS 2011-2014 RELIGION AND COMMUNITY COHESION UNIT 1 : SECTION 4 1 2014 Question 7 (a) What is meant by racial harmony? (2) (b) Do you think problems are caused because society is multi-ethnic?

More information