1 Propane Gas Underground Systems: Residential Infrastructure Requirements and Energy Benefits
2 AIA Best Practices The Propane Education & Research Council and HanleyWood are registered providers with the American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of completion for non-aia members are available to print upon successful completion of this online learning unit. This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that my be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials should be directed to the Propane Education & Research Council.
3 Copyright Notice This presentation is protected by U.S. and International copyright laws. Reproduction and distribution of the presentation without written permission of the sponsor is prohibited Propane Education & Research Council.
4 Course Objectives Identify multiple energy options for fueling or powering the home, including propane. Identify the benefits of using propane to fuel homes. Describe different propane applications. List propane storage options. Understand underground propane tank installation considerations. Identify the benefits of underground propane tanks. Find a local propane retailer that can work with you and your building partners to help you design homes with propane as the primary energy source.
5 Why Use Propane?
6 Why Use Propane?
7 Other Energy Options: Electricity Power Source for Over 120 Years Distributed through the Grid Primarily Generated with Coal in U.S. Contributes to Acid Rain Global Warming Air Pollution 38% of All Country s GHG Emissions Grid Criticized for Outdated Equipment Poor Performance Fewer Workers
8 Other Energy Options: Natural Gas Primarily Methane Cleaner Burning Fossil Fuel Characteristics are Similar to Propane Only Available in Population Dense Areas Difficult to Transport and Store Pipelines Expensive to Expand Uses in Residential Homes Include Space Heating Water Heating Cooking Clothes Drying Stand-by Power
9 Other Energy Options: Heating Oil No. 2 Fuel Oil Low Viscosity Liquid Petroleum Heavy Carbon Footprint EPA Concerns for Ground Water Contamination Strict Transport and Storage Regulation
10 Other Energy Options: Solar Energy Obtaining Usable Energy from Sun Expensive Dependent on: Daylight Climate Requires Southern or Western Exposure
11 What is Propane? The main sources of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LP-gas) are: The refining of crude oil, and The processing of natural gas from wet gas wells These two sources are very different. But once refined, there s little difference between LP-gases processed from these sources.
12 Where Propane Comes From Abundant Supply in United States 90% Produced in No. America By-product of Oil Refining and Natural Gas Processing Large Infrastructure already in place
13 Benefits of Propane: Cleanliness Clean Burning Non-Toxic Does not Leave Residuals Emits Less Carbon Dioxide than Coal Heating Oil Ethanol Approved Alternative Fuel Clean Air Act of 1990 National Energy Policy Act of 1992
14 Benefits of Propane: Safety Industry s Highest Priority Remarkable Safety Record Codes and Regulations Developed Internally NFPA Safety Features Will not Ignite unless source is 920 degrees F. Non-toxic Not Harmful to Soil or Ground Water Odorant Added to Identify Leaks For more information about propane safety click here.
15 Safety: NFPA Standards NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code Adopted in All 50 States Safety Requirements Highway Transportation LP-Gas System Design Construction Installation Operation
16 Benefits of Propane: Reliability Desirable when Natural Gas not Available Natural Gas Appliances can be Easily Converted to Propane Fuel for Stand-by Generators Generators Automatically Start when Electricity Fails Fuel Supply kept on Site, Independent from Regional Pipeline Interruptions
17 Benefits of Propane: Value Immediate Heat Warm and Even Heat High Efficiency Propane Appliances Available Rebates and Tax Incentives Available Short Energy Savings Pay-back Period Long Term Energy Savings
18 Propane Energy Applications
19 Residential Propane Applications: Custom Home Building 60% of Custom Homes Feature Propane 44% of Custom Homes Feature Underground Storage
20 Inside the Home: Fireplaces Propane Fireplaces Cost-effective Secondary Heat Source 75% Return on Investment Propane Fireplaces and Log Sets up to 100% Efficient Direct vent models approved for use in green building programs Wood Fireplaces 10% Efficient Reduces Air Quality
21 Inside the Home: Central Heating Systems Furnaces Run in Shorter Intervals compared to Electric Heat Pumps Warmer Air Discharge at registers 10 Year Longer Life Span Hydronic Systems Pump Hot Water Through Under Floor Piping to warm floors Keeps Warm Air Low
22 Inside the Home: Water Heaters Propane Tankless Water Heaters Reduce energy costs Initial investment will typically be offset within three years Typically last 20 years or more Use less space than tank type water heaters Provide an endless supply of hot water
23 Inside the Home: Tank Type Water Heaters Uses Gas Burner Instead of Heating Element Utilizes Same Connections Space Venting As Natural Gas At least 50 Gallon per Hour Water Recovery
24 Inside the Home: Indoor Cooking Appliances 96% of Chefs Prefer Cooking With Gas Benefits: Instant Flames Greater Temperature Control Burners Cool Quickly Residential Kitchens Ovens Cooktops Convection Ovens Griddles Grilltops Deep Fryers
25 Inside the Home: Propane Generators Keeps electricity available during an outage Can be primary energy source Turns on automatically Burns cleaner than diesel More durable than gasoline Runs quietly Propane can be stored without deteriorating Cogeneration units provide heat and power
26 Outdoor Living Outdoor Space = 30% of Home Value Outdoor Propane Uses Grills Fireplaces Patio Heaters Pool and Spa Heaters
27 Commercial Propane Applications Restaurants Commercial Kitchens Water heaters Heating systems Laundromats Water Heaters Dryers Schools Heating Systems Water Heaters Clothes Drying Cooking Rural Hospitality Heating, Water Heating, Cooking, Clothes Drying For resorts, golf courses, etc.
28 Propane Availability & Storage
29 Propane Availability and Storage
30 Retail Propane Distribution Retail Services: Residential Service and Filling of Tanks Appliance Sales, Installation and Service Tank Installation Community Tank Systems Gas Piping Systems
31 Community Propane Storage Large Tanks Serve entire Communities Usage Metered for Each Home No Tank Refilling by Homeowner Serves All Residential Propane Applications, for Example Space Heating Water Heating Indoor/Outdoor Cooking Clothes Drying Stand-by Generator
32 Individual Underground Tanks Underground Tank: Does Not Affect Landscaping Environmentally Friendly
33 Typical Residential Underground Propane System Four Basic Parts Storage Containers Regulators Vapor Distribution Piping Gas Appliances and Ventilation Systems
34 How Propane Gets to the House Delivered as a Liquid Converts to a Gas Inside the Tank Travels in Gas Pipe to House Multiple Regulation to Appliances
35 Residential Above Ground and Mounded Tanks Above Ground Tank: Sits on Foundation Painted a Light Color Landscape Options Available Mounded Tank: Buried at Shallow Depth Covered with Fill Soil Raises above Soil Grade
36 Underground Propane Tanks
37 Underground Tank Location Location Conditions: Minimum and Maximum Distance Requirements Capacity of Tank State and Local Codes
38 Underground Tank Location: Minimum Distance Requirements Nearest important building. Nearest property line. Exterior source of ignition. Intakes of appliances or ventilation systems. Openings to homes that are below the level of the relief of the valve. Stored trash, hay, or other combustible material. Stored flammable liquids. Other propane tanks; multiple tank installations. Cesspools, septic tanks, water or sewage lines, or any underground utility.
39 Underground Tank Location: Delivery and Refills Access for Delivery Typically within Feet of Driveway Access Emergency Access Required
40 Tank Size Gallons Low Consumption Applications 500 Gallons Average 4 Bedroom Home Gallons Large Homes with Spas and Swimming Pools Climate Affects Tank Size Soil Temperature Vaporization Capacity Depth of Burial
41 Tank Size Delivery Frequency Determined by: Usage Climate Tank Size
42 A Note About Vaporization Process that converts Liquid Propane to Gas Affected by: Outside Surface of Tank Level of Liquid Propane in Tank Temperature Surrounding Tank Location of Tank Depth of Soil Frost Penetration
43 Underground Tank Installation Small Area Excavation 500 Gallon Tank=12 ft x 5 ft x 4.5 ft 6 in of sand at bottom Magnesium Anode Bags attached to tank to Prevent Electrolysis Backfilled with Sand and Landscaped
44 Underground Tank Installation 18 inch Trench Depth for Piping Regulator at the Tank and the House Only the Top Dome is visible Filling Connections Valves
45 A Quick Summary The U.S. uses several energy sources, including electricity, natural gas, heating oil, solar, wind turbines, geothermal and propane gas. Propane is clean, safe, reliable and more cost effective than some other sources of energy. Propane is appropriate for single residential, community and commercial installations. Propane tanks can integrate easily with the site and building. Significantly less infrastructure is required compared other sources.
46 Thank You for Your Time. This concludes the AIA Continuing Education learning unit. Please contact us with questions. Please visit buildwithpropane.com to learn more.
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