1 NATIONAL COMPETENCY-BASED TEACHER STANDARDS (NCBTS) A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT GUIDE FOR FILIPINO TEACHERS September 2006
2 2 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS CONTENTS General Introduction to the NCBTS 3 What is the NCBTS? 3 Why do we need the NCBTS? 3 Who should use the NCBTS? 4 How should teachers use the NCBTS? 5 Is the NCBTS New? 6 What does competency-based mean? 7 How were these competencies chosen? 7 Is the NCBTS just a list of competencies? 8 Does the NCBTS make teaching more difficult? 11 What if the teacher cannot do this type of teaching? 11 How can the NCBTS help teaching improve their teaching? 12 How does the NCBTS define good teaching? 13 What are the seven domains of good teaching? 14 Domain 1: Social Regard for Learning 17 Domain 2: Learning Environment 19 Domain 3: Diversity of Learners 24 Domain 4: Curriculum 27 Domain 5: Planning, Assessing and Reporting 32 Domain 6: Community Linkages 36 Domain 7: Personal Growth and Professional Development 38
3 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 3 GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE NCBTS What is the NCBTS? The NCBTS is an integrated theoretical framework that defines the different dimensions of effective teaching, where effective teaching means being able to help all types of students learn the different learning goals in the curriculum. Why Do We Need the NCBTS? Filipino teachers often get mixed signals about what it means to be an effective teacher. For example, they may have been taught definitions of good teaching by teacher educators in their pre-service education that seem to be different from what their principals and supervisors expect in their schools. Or teachers are taught new teaching approaches that seem inconsistent with the Performance Appraisal System. What is worse is when teachers who have the reputation of being ineffective teachers are promoted to higher ranks. The NCBTS provides a single framework that shall define effective teaching in all aspects of a teacher s professional life and in all phases of teacher development. The use of a single framework should minimize confusion about what effective teaching is. The single framework should also provide a better guide for all teacher development programs and projects from the school-level up to the national level.
4 4 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Who Should Use the NCBTS? Anyone who is interested in improving teaching practices should refer to the NCBTS. Thus, teacher education institutions shall use the NCBTS to design and implement effective pre-service teacher education curricula. The PRC shall refer the NCBTS in designing the Licensure Exam for Teachers. Organizations and agencies that implement in-service education for teachers (INSET) shall refer to the NCBTS in developing their interventions. Award-giving bodies shall refer to the NCBTS in defining their criteria for outstanding teachers. The DepED shall use the NCBTS in formulating its hiring, promotion, supervision, and other policies related to the teaching profession. It shall also use the NCBTS to guide its INSET programs for teachers. Most important, individual teachers in all the public elementary and high schools all over the country shall use the NCBTS for their professional development activities.
5 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 5 How Should Teachers Use the NCBTS? Teachers can use the NCBTS in many ways: As a guide to reflect on their current teaching practices As a framework for creating new teaching practices As a guidepost for planning for professional development goals As a common language for discussing teaching practices with other teachers The best way to begin using the NCBTS is to use the competency-based framework as the guide for thinking critically about whether the teacher s current practices are helping students attain the learning goals in the curriculum. A teacher can use the various elements of the NCBTS to determine whether their different actions and strategies as teachers are effective in helping their students learn the desired curriculum objectives. Thus, the NCBTS can be used as a self-assessment tool. It is most likely that in using the NCBTS, a teacher will see herself as demonstrating some dimensions of effective teaching, but not others. As all teachers aim to be more effective facilitators of student learning, the NCBTS can then serve as a framework for revising current practices or for developing new teaching practices that would make teaching more effective. In other words, the NCBTS can cue the teacher about what she should be doing, in case she finds her current practice less than ideal.
6 6 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS This self-assessment can help teachers plan for their professional develop in the short-term and in the long-term. For example, using the NCBTS the teacher can be aware of her strengths as a teacher and ensure that she becomes more consistent in demonstrating her strengths. At the same time, she can plan on professional development strategies so that she can improve on her weaknesses. Thus, the NCBTS can help each Filipino teacher become a better teacher, and assist each teacher to continuously think about improving professional to become even better and better as facilitators of student learning. With the NCBTS all Filipino teachers also share a common vocabulary for discussing their teaching practice, for defining their ideals as teachers, for negotiating and creating strategies to improve their practice, and for addressing their various stakeholders regarding the improvement of the teaching profession. Is the NCBTS New? How Similar or Different is it? Many of the specific items under the NCBTS are not new. This is because many ideas about good teaching have been practiced for some time now. But what is new about the NCBTS is that these ideas have been integrated into a singular integrated framework. In addition, there are actually relatively new ideas that the NCBTS is emphasizing. For example, the idea of competency-based standards is a relatively new idea in teacher development in the Philippines, which is being emphasized in the NCBTS.
7 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 7 What Does Competency-Based Mean? Basically, competency-based means that the standards or criteria for characterizing good teaching are defined in terms of what the teacher is competent to do. So instead of defining good teaching practice in terms of the teacher s credentials, LET scores, grades in graduate school, degrees, personality traits, and so on, we look at what the teacher can do competently. In the NCBTS, good teaching is being defined in terms of those practices that help students learn better. So the NCBTS is concerned with whether teachers are competent in helping students learn. How Were These Competencies Chosen? How Was the NCBTS Decided? The competencies in the NCBTS were derived from (a) educational theories and empirical research on characteristics learning environment and teaching practices that lead to effective student learning, and (b) documented successful practices and programs of schools, divisions, regions, and educational reform projects in different parts of the country. A technical working group was set up to study what types of classroom learning experiences were associated with high levels of student learning in the Philippines. Then the teaching practices associated with these learning experiences were defined. These practices were then organized and then presented in a series of national, zonal, and sectoral consultations for validation and finalization. The bulk of the participants in the consultation were teachers and master teachers, so we can be sure that actual classroom teachers validated these competencies. But there were also school heads, principals, supervisors, superintendents and other division officials, regional directors and other regional officials, representatives from academe, teacher education institutions, NGOs and other government agencies like the CHED, PRC, CSC, and NEDA, among others.
8 8 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Is the NCBTS Just A List of Competencies? Or is there A Theory or Framework That Integrates All These Competencies? The NCBTS does not adhere to a single educational theory. Indeed, it is a balanced framework that adopts assumptions of different educational theories. But underlying this framework is a core set of assumptions about teaching that is significantly different from the traditional conceptions of teaching. For example, the NCBTS articulates a view of ideal teaching that is closely linked to new paradigms about effective learning. So the qualities of the good teacher are not defined in an abstract technical sense, because teaching is not viewed as a technical process. Instead, the NCBTS defines a new paradigm of teaching where the teacher is viewed as a knowledge professional who is responsible for facilitating learning in variety of learners and learning environments. This view also emphasizes the technical knowledge of teacher, but more important, it emphasizes the essential link between teachers knowledge and students learning. Therefore, teachers knowledge and skills are meaningful, useful, and effective only if they help students learn within their learning environment. This makes the process of teaching essentially complex and problematic in that it has to be suited to varieties of learners and learning environments. So teaching is not a one-strategy-fits all undertaking. Instead, it means choosing among a variety of strategies and maybe even creating new strategies, all with the goal of helping learners learn.
9 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 9 Therefore, good teaching requires the teacher s active involvement in designing, redesigning, and evaluation of the learning experiences of students. Thus, the image of the good teacher is one who is constantly reflecting about how best to help different types of learners learn. The teacher is not a mere implementer of pre-defined or prescribed sets of actions. Instead, the teacher is an active agent engaged in higher level thinking about how to help the students learn. This high level thinking processes involved in teaching necessarily refer to factors in the learning context. So the definition of good teaching needs to be closely linked to the contexts in which they will be agents of learning in students. Teaching processes never occur in a vacuum; that teachers will always aim to be effective within their actual contexts; and the contexts can provide constraints as well as opportunities for effective student learning. We can say express the theme of this new paradigm of teaching as follows: Teaching involves the reflective acquisition and application of complex and problematic technical knowledge to facilitating student learning in actual contexts.
10 10 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS We can summarize this new paradigm by comparing it to the traditional views, as shown in the following table: Table 1. Contrasting the Paradigms of Teaching The Traditional View Teaching is a technical process, and the good qualities of this technical process are well defined. Teacher knowledge is technical knowledge applicable to all learners and contexts. Teaching involves consistent application of technical knowledge. Effective application of teacher knowledge dependent on prerequisite inputs in teaching environment. The NCBTS View Teaching is facilitating learning, and the qualities of good teaching are defined in terms of whether students learn or not. Teacher knowledge is essentially complex and problematic; applicability varies across learners and contexts. Teaching involves reflective and flexible application of technical knowledge in ways that best bring about student learning. Effective teaching is determined within the limits and opportunities found in the learning environment.
11 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 11 Does the NCBTS Make Teaching More Difficult? Actually, NO. Teachers have always been expected to help all their students learn given the constraints in the learning environment. So there s nothing new here. The NCBTS has simply articulated this expectation so that it is clear to all concerned. What If the Teachers Cannot Do This Type of Teaching? The NCBTS is not just a standard against which teachers will be evaluated. More important, the NCBTS is a guide for helping teachers become more effective teachers or more effective facilitators of student learning. In other words, the NCBTS takes a developmental perspective about teaching standards. The framework provides concrete guideposts to help teachers become better and better. Actually, the NCBTS assumes that teachers themselves are interested in improving their practice. It disagrees with the stereotype that Filipino teachers are not interested or motivated to change and improve their teaching.
12 12 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS How Can the NCBTS Help Teachers Improve Their Teaching? First, the NCBTS makes certain assumptions about improving teaching. In particular, the NCBTS assumes that: Individual teachers have various types and levels of motivation to improve their teaching in ways that better enhance student learning. Individual teachers have different capabilities to constantly improve their teaching for better student learning. Individual teachers have diverse ranges of opportunities to pursue their motivations and raise their capabilities to teach better, in whatever situations they are. The process of improving teacher is an individual process, but this is sustained and enhanced when the efforts are collaborative and synergistic among communities of teachers. Individual teachers may develop improved teaching practice for enhanced student learning, but the full impact on student learning is best achieved by integrated and cumulative improved efforts of many teachers. The qualities of good teaching for enhanced student learning are found in individual teachers, but such qualities are strengthened and valued more when it is supported by communities of teachers and educators. These assumptions point to the understanding that teachers themselves are the most important agents in the improvement of their teaching. But their personal efforts are enhanced when groups of teachers work together to improve their teaching and when the immediate and larger work environment supports the efforts of the teachers. Therefore, the NCBTS shall ensure that all the stakeholders in the teachers work environment (i.e., the principal/school head, supervisors, superintendents, community, parents, etc.) would marshal all their efforts to support the improvement of the teachers practices to be in better alignment with the NCBTS.
13 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 13 How Does the NCBTS Define Good Teaching? The competency-based teacher standards are organized hierarchically. The basic level categories of the standards are seven domains. A domain is defined as a distinctive sphere of the teaching-learning process, and is also a well-defined arena for demonstrating positive teacher practices. Each domain is defined in terms of a principle of ideal teaching associated with enhanced student learning. Under each domain, there are strands. Strands refer to more specific dimensions of positive teacher practices under the broad conceptual domain. At the lowest level of the hierarchical organization, under the strands, specific indicators are defined. These indicators are concrete, observable, and measurable teacher behaviors, actions, habits, actions, routines, and practices known to create, facilitate, and support enhanced student learning. The domains, strands, and indicators may be characterized in terms of the following dimensions: Nature/quality: This dimension refers to question, How well are the essential qualities or critical features demonstrated/observed in the positive teacher practices? Frequency, consistency and appropriateness: This dimension refers to the questions, How often is the ideal teaching practice demonstrated?, Is the demonstration appropriate to the particular teacher-learning process?, and Is the teacher consistent in demonstrating this ideal? Self-awareness: This dimension refers to the question, Is the teacher aware or mindful of the premises, rationale, nature, and effects of the demonstrated teacher-learning process?
14 14 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS What Are These Seven Domains? The seven domains are: (1) social regard for learning (2) learning environment (3) diversity of learners (4) curriculum (5) planning, assessing, and reporting (6) community linkages (7) personal growth and development Each domain will be defined in greater detail in the later parts of this guide. But it is important to know that the seven domains are closely connected to each other in very meaningful ways, and that the seven domains is best understood a constituting an integrated whole as shown in the figure below. To understand how the seven domains comprise an integrated whole, it would help to see the seven domains as falling under two broad categories. The middle domains 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 [the shaded areas] represent standards referring to The Teacher as Facilitator of Learning, whereas the two outer domains 1 and 7 [the unshaded areas] represent standards referring to The Teacher as Learner. The middle domains can further be divided into two sub-categories. The innermost domains 3, 4, and 5 [the darker shaded areas] represent the specific teacher practices related to the technical aspects of the teaching-learning processes, whereas the other domains 2 and 6 [the lighter shaded areas] represent the specific teacher practices that embed the learning process in appropriate contexts.
15 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 15 DOMAIN 1: SOCIAL REGARD FOR LEARNING DOMAIN 2: THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT DOMAIN 3: THE DIVERSITY OF LEARNERS DOMAIN 4: CURRICULUM DOMAIN 5: PLANNING, ASSESSING & REPORTING DOMAIN 6: COMMUNITY LINKAGES DOMAIN 7: PERSONAL GROWTH & PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT We can discuss the integration of the seven domains from the inside going out. At the center of the series of domains [the dark shaded areas] are the technical aspects of the teaching-learning process. The domains of The Diversity of Learners (3), Curriculum (4), and Planning, Assessing, and Reporting (5) refer to what may be called good teaching strategies, and are very closely related to each other. These domains express the new paradigm on teaching shown in Table 1.
16 16 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Table 1 also explains the links between the next to outer domains [the light shaded areas]: The Learning Environment (2) and Community Linkages (6). The two domains refer to the teaching practices that attempt to situate or at least link the teaching-learning process to appropriate contexts: the immediate physical, psychological and the social context of the classroom, and the larger socio-cultural, economic, political, and historical context of the community. In other words, Domains 2 and 6 provide the context for Domains 3, 4, and 5. Domains 2 and 6 can either constrain or expand the options for Domains 3, 4, and 5. Together, Domains 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 represent the full range of teacher practices that relate to effectively facilitating learning. On the other hand, the two outermost domains [the unshaded areas] represent the important teacher practices that relate to the teacher as learner. Domain 1 represents the ideal that the teacher serves as a model of all the positive values associated with learning, and Domain 7 represents the behaviors that demonstrate the teachers actual aspirations to continue learning as a professional teacher. These two domains are not distinct and separate from those five domains related to facilitating learning. Instead, the teachers personal demonstration of the values and activities of learning make the teachers more credible and effective facilitators of learning in students. Indeed, Domains 1 and 7 can be the domains that fuel and drive teacher development in the other five domains. IN THE NEXT SECTIONS, THE SEVEN DOMAINS AND THEIR UNDERLYING STRANDS ARE PRESENTED AS A GUIDE FOR TEACHERS PERSONAL REFLECTION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING.
17 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 17 Domain 1: Social Regard for Learning The domain of Social Regard for Learning focuses on the ideal that teachers serve as positive and powerful role models of the values of the pursuit of learning and of the effort to learn, and that the teachers actions, statements, and different types of social interactions with students exemplify this ideal.
18 18 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 1.1: Acts as a positive role model for students Key Question for the Can my students appreciate and model the value of learning through my interactions with them? Specific Questions for the Can my students see and appreciate the value of pursuing learning by looking at my various actions and statements in the classroom? Can my students see and appreciate the value of exerting effort to learning by looking at my various actions and statements in the classroom? Do I demonstrate and exemplify the values of learning and efforts in the various actions and statements I make in front of my students? Developmental Continuum of Practice: My students always see my actions and statements that show the importance of learning and exerting effort to learn. My students sometimes see my actions and statements that show the value of learning and exerting effort to learn. My students see actions & statements from me that indicate that learning & exerting effort to learn are not important.
19 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 19 Domain 2: Learning Environment The domain of Learning Environment focuses on the importance of providing for a social and physical environment within which all students, regardless of their individual differences in learning, can engage the different learning activities and work towards attaining high standards of learning.
20 20 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 2.1: Creates an environment that promotes fairness Key Question for the Do I create a social environment in my class where my students feel that they are treated fairly? Specific Questions for the Do all my students feel respected in my class, regardless of their gender, ability, religion, socio-economic background, ethnicity, and other physical and social characteristics? Do I make all my students feel that their individual strengths and resources are recognized and appreciated in class? Do all my students feel like they have as good a chance to learn and to achieve in my class as their other classmates? Do I create a social climate and organization in the classroom where all my students can effectively engage the learning activities, regardless of their diverse capacities and resources as individual learners? Developmental Continuum of Practice: All my students always feel respected and appreciated in class, and that they all have an equal opportunity to learn and to achieve. Some of my students feel respected and appreciated in class; some feel they have good opportunities to learn and to achieve. My students never feel respected and appreciated in class; most feel they are not given equal chances to learn and to achieve.
21 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 21 Strand 2.2: Makes the physical environment safe and conducive to learning Key Question for the Do I create a physical environment in my class where my students feel that they are safe and able to learn? Specific Questions for the Is the physical environment in my classroom safe under the general conditions of our school? Is the physical environment in my classroom conducive to learning under the general conditions of our school? Are there ways of improving the physical environment in my classroom that are within my means as a teacher? Developmental Continuum of Practice: All my students always find my classroom safe and conducive for the different learning activities we have in class. A few my students often find my classroom safe and conducive for the different learning activities we have in class. Most of my students never find my classroom safe or conducive for the different learning activities we have in class.
22 22 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 2.3: Communicates higher learning expectations to each learner Key Question for the Do I create a classroom atmosphere that encourages students to attain high levels of learning and achievement? Specific Questions for the Do my students feel and understand that I want them all to attain high levels of learning? Do I encourage the students in my class to pursue their own learning goals and aspirations? Do I provide diverse opportunities for the different students in my class to nurture their desire and aspirations for high levels of learning? Developmental Continuum of Practice: All my students are always motivated and given the chance to aspire and work for high levels of learning in class. A few of my students are often motivated and given the chance to aspire and work for high levels of learning in class. Most my students are never motivated or given the chance to aspire and work for even moderate levels of learning in class.
23 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 23 Strand 2.4: Establishes and maintains consistent standards of learners behavior Key Question for the Do I create a consistent and orderly social climate and organization in the classroom for my students? Specific Questions for the Do I respond to learning and behavior problems quickly, appropriately, respectfully, and consistently? Do I provide all my students with timely, appropriate, and consistent feedback on their learning behaviors? Do I clearly communicate and consistently observe school and classroom policies on appropriate classroom behaviors? Developmental Continuum of Practice: My students see my how highly consistent I am in responding to their appropriate and inappropriate behaviors in class. My students see my how I m somewhat inconsistent I am in responding to their appropriate and inappropriate behaviors in My students see my how very inconsistent I am in responding to their appropriate and inappropriate behaviors in class.
24 24 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Domain 3: Diversity of Learners The domain of Diversity of Learners emphasizes the ideal that teachers can facilitate the learning process in diverse types of learners, by first recognizing and respecting individual differences, then using knowledge about students differences to design diverse sets of learning activities to ensure that all students can attain appropriate learning goals.
25 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 25 Strand 3.1: Is familiar with learners background knowledge and experiences Key Question for the Can I help my students learn whatever their capabilities, learning styles, cultural heritage, socio-economic backgrounds, and other differences are? Specific Questions for the Can my students see that I recognize, accept, and respect the differences in their backgrounds and capabilities? Am I familiar with the different backgrounds, experiences, and capacities of my students? Do I consider the differences in backgrounds, experiences, and capacities of my students in designing different learning activities for them? Do I set diverse, appropriate, and challenging learning goals for different students, in consideration of their differences in backgrounds and capabilities? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I create different learning activities to allow students with different capabilities and backgrounds to attain the learning standards. I recognize & respect the differences in my students backgrounds & capabilities, but do not create different learning activities for them. I do not pay attention to differences in my students backgrounds & capabilities, & give them all the same learning activities.
26 26 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 3.2: Demonstrates concern for holistic development of learners Key Question for the Do my students feel that I am trying to help them learn, whatever their capabilities, learning styles, cultural heritage, socio-economic backgrounds, and other differences are? Specific Questions for the Do I set clear, challenging, but achievable learning goals for all students in my class, regardless of their individual differences? Do I create diverse types of learning activities that would help all my students develop in all aspects of the curriculum? Am I sensitive to how individual students respond differently to the different learning activities in my class? I create different learning activities to allow all my diverse students to grow and develop in many different aspects. Developmental Continuum of Practice: I create different learning activities to allow some of my diverse students to grow and develop in many different aspects. I do not create different learning activities that would allow my diverse students to grow and develop in many different aspects.
27 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 27 Domain 4: Curriculum The domain of Curriculum refers to all elements of the teaching-learning process that work in convergence to help students attain high standards of learning and understanding of the curricular goals and objectives. These elements include the teacher s knowledge of subject matter, teachinglearning approaches and activities, instructional materials and learning resources.
28 28 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 4.1: Demonstrates mastery of the subject Key Question for the Do my students see how well I understand the subject matter I am teaching, enough that they understand and appreciate the importance of the lessons? Specific Questions for the Can I clearly and accurately explain the goals, procedures, and content involved in the lessons? Can I clearly and meaningfully show the relationships between the different lessons in the subject? Can I design learning activities and assessment procedures that are truly aligned with the important objectives of the lessons? Can I present the subject matter in meaningful and relevant ways that engage the students interest and motivation to learn? Can I encourage my students to engage in higher order thinking in my class and interact with them appropriately? Developmental Continuum of Practice: My subject matter knowledge is deep enough to allow me to design lessons that motivate my students and engage them in higher order thinking. My subject matter knowledge is adequate to allow me to design some lessons that sometimes motivate my students to learn. My subject matter knowledge is so that I am unable to design lessons that motivate my students to learn.
29 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 29 Strand 4.2: Communicates clear learning goals for the lessons that are appropriate for learners Key Question for the Can my students see and appreciate the value of the curricular goals and objectives I have set for the different lessons in my class? Specific Questions for the Am I clear about what my learning goals are for my different students? Do my students understand the learning goals that I have set for them? Do the students adopt the learning goals I have set for the lesson as their own goals in my class? Developmental Continuum of Practice: My students always understand the learning goals I have set for them for all lessons we have. My students sometimes understand the learning goals I have set for them for most lessons we have. My students never understand the learning goals I have set for them for any lessons we have.
30 30 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 4.3: Makes good use of allotted instructional time Key Question for the Am I able to help my students attain all the curricular goals within the time provided in the school calendar? Specific Questions for the Do I design lessons that would allow various learning objectives to be addressed in an efficient and meaningful fashion? Do I establish routines and procedures to allow my students to engage the different learning activities efficiently? Do I plan lessons in ways that consider the amount of time students need to effectively attain the learning goals of the lessons? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I always plan for efficient learning activities that allow my students need to attain high learning goals. I sometime plan for learning activities that do not give my students enough time to attain high learning goals. I am unable to plan and control the time of the learning activities, so my students never attain the learning goals.
31 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 31 Strand 4.4: Selects teaching methods, learning activities and instructional materials or resources appropriate to learners and aligned to the objectives of the lesson Key Question for the Do I use teaching-learning activities and learning resources efficiently to challenge my students to meet high levels of mastery and understanding of curricular objectives? Specific Questions for the Do I plan for and implement a variety of appropriate teaching-learning activities to help my diverse students attain the curricular goals? Do I plan for and use varied instructional materials and learning resources to help my diverse students attain the objectives of the lessons? Am I able to align the activities and available learning resources with my students learning styles, goals, and other differences? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I am always able to align the learning activities with learning objectives and the learning styles of all my students. I am sometimes able to align the learning activities with learning objectives and the learning styles of most my students. I am never able to align the learning activities with learning objectives and the learning styles of any my students.
32 32 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Domain 5: Planning, Assessing and Reporting The domain of Planning, Assessing and Reporting refers to the aligned use of assessment and planning activities to ensure that the teaching-learning activities are maximally appropriate to the students current knowledge and learning levels. In particular, the domain focuses on the use of assessment data to plan and revise teaching-learning plans, as well as the integration of formative assessment procedures in the plan and implementation of teaching-learning activities.
33 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 33 Strand 5.1: Communicates promptly and clearly to learners, parents, and superiors about the progress of learners. Key Question for the Do I provide my stakeholders (learners, parents and superiors) timely and accurate information about my students learning progress? Specific Questions for the Do my students know about their own progress and attainment of the learning goals in my class? Do the parents of my students get regular and accurate feedback on their children s progress in my class? Do my superiors in school know about the general progress of the students in my class in relation to the curriculum goals? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I provide regular and accurate feedback to all my students about their learning attainment in class. I provide occasional and accurate feedback for most of my students about their learning attainment in class. I provide minimal feedback for my students about their learning attainment in class.
34 34 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 5.2: Develops and uses a variety of appropriate assessment strategies to monitor and evaluate learning. Key Question for the Do I assess my students learning and knowledge using appropriate educational assessment procedures, and use the information from these assessment procedures in planning my teaching-learning activities for the students? Specific Questions for the Do I use effective and appropriate educational assessment procedures to determine whether my students are learning during the different parts of the teachinglearning activities? Do I use a variety of educational assessment procedures to determine whether my students are learning? Do I use the results of the various educational assessment procedures to guide how I plan, implement, and revise the teaching-learning activities I prepare for my students? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I always use results of varied assessment procedures in planning and implementing teaching-learning activities for my students. I sometimes use results of some assessment procedures in planning and implementing teachinglearning activities for my students. I never use assessment results in planning and implementing teaching-learning activities for my students.
35 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 35 Strand 5.3: Monitors regularly and provides feedback on learners understanding of content Key Question for the Do I provide regular feedback to each student about their level of learning? Specific Questions for the Do I have regular assessment procedures to track each student s level of learning? Do I keep accurate records of each student s progress and level of learning? Do I provide appropriate and timely feedback for students to help them monitor their own learning? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I provide regular and appropriate feedback to help all my students monitor their own learning progress. I provide occasional but appropriate feedback to help some of my students monitor their own learning progress. I never provide appropriate feedback that would help my students monitor their own learning progress.
36 36 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Domain 6: Community Linkages The domain of Community Linkages focuses on the ideal that school activities are meaningfully linked to the experiences and aspirations of the students in their homes and communities. Thus the domain focuses on teachers efforts directed at strengthening the links between school and community activities, particularly as these links help in the attainment of the curricular objectives.
37 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 37 Strand 6.1: Establishes learning environments that respond to the aspirations of the community Key Question for the Are the goals and characteristics of the teaching-learning activities I implement relevant to the experiences, values and aspirations in my students communities? Specific Questions for the Can my students see how the goals and activities in school relate to the values and aspirations in their homes and communities? Do I draw from resources, ideas, and activities from my students communities in my teachinglearning activities? Do I try to involve members of the community in supporting the learning goals of my classes? Developmental Continuum of Practice: All my students perceive that all of the class activities are relevant to their activities & aspirations at home & in the community. Some of my students perceive that most of the class activities are relevant to their activities & aspirations at home & in the community. All my students perceive that the class activities are irrelevant to their activities & aspirations at home & in the community.
38 38 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Domain 7: Personal Growth and Professional Development The domain of Personal Growth and Professional Development emphasizes the ideal that teachers value having a high personal regard, concern for professional development, and continuous improvement as teachers.
39 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 39 Strand 7.1: Takes pride in the nobility of teaching as a profession. Key Question for the Do my actions and statements indicate a high regard for the teaching profession and for my continuous development as a professional teacher? Specific Questions for the Can my colleagues see in my actions and statements how I value my profession as a teacher? Do I take systematic steps to ensure that I continuously improve myself as a professional teacher? Am I enthusiastic about my responsibilities as a teacher? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I regularly allocate time for activities to help me improve my knowledge and skills as a teacher. I sometimes allocate time for activities to help me improve my knowledge and skills as a teacher. I never allocate time for activities to help me improve my knowledge and skills as a teacher.
40 40 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS Strand 7.2: Builds professional links with colleagues to enrich teaching practice Key Question for the Do I try to learn from other colleagues in the teaching profession to improve my teaching practice? Specific Questions for the Do I engage other teachers in my school in discussions to improve our teaching practices? Do I participate in some professional teacher organizations that aim to improve teaching practice? Can I say that I am well-informed about recent developments in education? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I regularly interact with my fellow teachers to discuss ways to keep improving our teaching practice. I sometimes interact with my fellow teachers to discuss ways to keep improving our teaching practice. I never interact with my fellow teachers to discuss ways to keep improving our teaching practice.
41 NATIONAL COMPETENCY- BASED TEACHER STANDARDS 41 Strand 7.3: Reflects on the extent of the attainment of learning goals Key Question for the Am I aware of the extent to which my practices as a teacher influence my students attainment of the learning goals? Specific Questions for the Do I recognize the strong and weak aspects of my teaching that may or may not help my students learning? Do I feel responsible for the level of learning and achievement of my students? Do I try to improve my teaching so that my students can learn more? Developmental Continuum of Practice: I always feel responsible for the effects of my teaching practice on my students level of learning. I sometimes feel responsible for the effects of my teaching practice on my students level of learning. I never feel responsible for my students level of learning; their learning is not affected by my teaching practices. -THE END-
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