1 BCA IV Sem Database Management System Multiple choice questions 1. A Database Management System (DBMS) is A. Collection of interrelated data B. Collection of programs to access data C. Collection of data describing one particular enterprise D. All of the above 2. Which of the following is not a level of data abstraction? A. Physical Level B. Critical Level C. Logical Level D. View Level 3. Disadvantages of File systems to store data is: A. Data redundancy and inconsistency B. Difficulty in accessing data C. Data isolation D. All of the above 4. In an Entity-Relationship Diagram Rectangles represents A. Entity sets B. Attributes C. Database D. Tables 5. Which of the following is not a Storage Manager Component? A. Transaction Manager B. Logical Manager C. Buffer Manager D. File Manager
2 6. Data Manipulation Language enables users to A. Retrieval of information stored in database B. Insertion of new information into the database C. Deletion of information from the database D. All of the above 7. Which of the following is not a Schema? A. Database Schema B. Physical Schema C. Critical Schema D. Logical Schema 8. Which of the following is Database Language? A. Data Definition Language B. Data Manipulation Language C. Query Language D. All of the above 9. Which of the following in not a function of DBA? A. Network Maintenance B. Routine Maintenance C. Schema Definition D. Authorization for data access 10. Which of the following is a Data Model? A. Entity-Relationship model B. Relational data model C. Object-Based data model D. All of the above 11. The number of entities associated in relationship is called as it s... A) Cardinality B) Degree C) Tuples D) Entity 12. The DBMS utility... allows reconstructing the correct state of database from the backup and history of transactions.
3 A) Backup B) Recovery C) Monitoring D) Data loading 13. In the... Normal form, a composite attribute is converted to individual attributes. A) First B) Second C) Third D) Fourth 14. In RDBMS, Data is presented as a collection of... A) Table B) Attributes C) Relations D) Entities 15. A... normal form, normalization will be needed where all attributes in a relation tuple are not functionally dependent only on the key attribute. A) First B) Second C) Third D) Fourth 16. To select all columns from the table the syntax is: A) Select all from table_name B) Select * from table_name C) Select from table_name D) Non of the above 17. If an attribute of a composite key is dependent on an attribute of the other composite key, normalization called... is needed. A) DKNF B) BCNF C) Fourth D) Third 18. Identify the criteria for designing database from the point of view of user A) No redundancy B) No inapplicable attributes C) Uniformity in naming & definitions of the data items D) All of the above 19. The... operator preserves unmatched rows of the relations being joined. A) Inner join B) Outer join
4 C) Union D) Union join 20. Which are the not user in End-user: A) Naïve users B) Casual users C) Sophisticated user D) All of these 21. DBMS is a collection of.. that enables user to create and maintain a database. A) Keys B) Translators C) Programs D) Language Activity 22. In a relational schema, each tuple is divided into fields called A) Relations B) Domains C) Queries D) All of the above 23. In an ER model,. is described in the database by storing its data. A) Entity B) Attribute C) Relationship D) Notation 24. DFD stands for A) Data Flow Document B) Data File Diagram C) Data Flow Diagram D) Non of the above 25. A top-to-bottom relationship among the items in a database is established by a A) Hierarchical schema B) Network schema C) Relational Schema D) All of the above 26. table store information about database or about the system. A) SQL B) Nested C) System D) None of these 27...defines the structure of a relation which consists of a fixed set of attribute-domain pairs. A) Instance B) Schema C) Program
5 D) Super Key 28. clause is an additional filter that is applied to the result. A) Select B) Group-by C) Having D) Order by 29. A logical schema A) is the entire database B) is a standard way of organizing information into accessible parts. C) describes how data is actually stored on disk. D) All of the above 30. is a full form of SQL. A) Standard query language B) Sequential query language C) Structured query language D) Server side query language 31. The candidate key is that you choose to identify each row uniquely is called.. A) Alternate Key B) Primary Key C) Foreign Key D) None of the above is used to determine whether of a table contains duplicate rows. A) Unique predicate B) Like Predicate C) Null predicate D) In predicate 33. To eliminate duplicate rows is used A) NODUPLICATE B) ELIMINATE C) DISTINCT D) None of these 34. State true or false i) A candidate key is a minimal super key. ii) A candidate key can also refer to as surrogate key. A) i-true, ii-false B) i-false, ii-true C) i-true, ii-true D) i-false, ii-false 35. DCL stands for A) Data Control Language B) Data Console Language
6 C) Data Console Level D) Data Control Level 36. is the process of organizing data into related tables. A) Normalization B) Generalization C) Specialization D) None of the above 37. A. does not have a distinguishing attribute if its own and mostly are dependent entities, which are part of some another entity. A) Weak entity B) Strong entity C) Non attributes entity D) Dependent entity is the complex search criteria in the where clause. A) Substring B) Drop Table C) Predict D) Predicate 39. is preferred method for enforcing data integrity A) Constraints B) Stored Procedure C) Triggers D) Cursors 40. The number of tuples in a relation is called it s. While the number of attributes in a relation is called it s.. A) Degree, Cardinality B) Cardinality, Degree C) Rows, Columns D) Columns, Rows 41. State true or false. i) Select operator is not a unary operator. ii) Project operator chooses subset of attributes or columns of a relation. A) i-true, ii-false B) i-true, ii-true C) i-false, ii-true D) i-false, ii-false 42. database is used as template for all databases created. A) Master B) Model C) Tempdb D) None of the above
7 43. One aspect that has to be dealt with by the integrity subsystem is to ensure that only valid values can be assigned to each data items. This is referred to as A) Data Security B) Domain access C) Data Control D) Domain Integrity operator is basically a join followed by a project on the attributes of first relation. A) Join B) Semi-Join C) Full Join D) Inner Join 45. Which of the following is not a binary operator in relational algebra? A) Join B) Semi-Join C) Assignment D) Project 46. Centralizing the integrity checking directly under the DBMS.. duplication and ensures the consistency and validity of the database. A) Increases B) Skips C) Does not reduce D) Reduces 47. Which of the following is/are the DDL statements? A) Create B) Drop C) Alter D) All of the above is used to retrieve tuples from the relation. A) Create B) Drop C) Select D) All of the above 49. defines rules regarding the values allowed in columns and is the standard mechanism for enforcing database integrity. A) Column B) Constraint C) Index D) Trigger 50. For like predicate which of the following is true.
8 i) % matches zero of more characters. ii) _ matches exactly one character. A) i-only B) ii-only C) Both of them D) None of them 51. The relational model is based on the concept that data is organized and stored in two-dimensional tables called. A) Fields B) Records C) Relations D) Keys contains information that defines valid values that are stored in a column or data type. A) View B) Rule C) Index D) Default 53. Which of the syntax is correct for insert statement? i) insert into <table_name> values <list of values> ii) insert into <table_name> (column list) values <list of values> A) i-only B) ii-only C) Both of them D) None of them 54.. first proposed the process of normalization. A) Edgar. W B) Edgar F. Codd C) Edward Stephen D) Edward Codd 55. For using a specific database command is used. A) Use database B) <Database name> use C) Both A &B D) None of them 56. Which of the following is not comparison operator? A) <> B) < C) =<
9 D) >= 57. An outstanding functionality of SQL is its support for automatic to the target data. A) Programming B) Functioning C) Navigation D) Notification 58. is a special type of integrity constraint that relates two relations & maintains consistency across the relations. A) Entity Integrity Constraints B) Referential Integrity Constraints C) Domain Integrity Constraints D) Key Constraints 59...specifies a search condition for a group or an aggregate. A) GROUP BY Clause B) HAVING Clause C) FROM Clause D) WHERE Clause 60. Drop Table cannot be used to drop a table referenced by a constraint. A) Local Key B) Primary Key C) Composite Key D) Foreign Key 61. Which are the not features of a DBMS which provide a number of advantages for data management: A. DML B. DDL C. SDL D. None of these 62. Minimal data redundancy means improved : A. Data independence B. Data consistency C. Data integration D. Data sharing 63. Who access the database occasionally and have different needs each time: A. Naïve users B. Casual users C. Sophisticated user D. All of these 64. System analyst and application programmers are commonly referred to as. A. Naïve users B. Casual users
10 C. Software engineers D. Programmers 65. Who interact with the system without writing a program: A. Naïve users B. Casual users C. Sophisticated user D. All of these 66. Who interact with the system by invoking one of the permanent application program: A. Naïve users B. Casual users C. Sophisticated user D. All of these 67. The main interface that a naive user uses is a form interface using : A. DDL B. GUI C. OLAP D. DML 68. The provision of is a major objective for database system: A. Data independence B. Data consistency C. Data integration D. Data sharing 69. is a translates into low-level instruction that a query processor understands: A. DBA B. DBMS C. DBS D. DDL compiler 70. Retrieval of data is done by using a : A. Stack B. Query C. Linked list D. All of these 71. DML is a language by which user accesses or manipulates the : A. Data model B. Data consistency C. Data integration D. Data sharing
11 72. Which is the central component of the DBMS software that can also be termed as the database control system? A. Data consistency B. Data integration C. Data sharing D. Data manager 73. Which is stored information about description of data in the database: A. Data files B. Data dictionary C. Database D. Data administrator 74. After conversion of high level queries into low level commands for file access and is called compiled : A. DDL B. DML C. SDL D. VDL 75. Which is installs, configures, troubleshoots and maintains a database system: A. DBA B. DDL C. DML D. SDL 76. Which is incorporated to create an appropriate physical database that is transformed by a logical data model: A. SDL B. VDL C. Both D. None 77. In which end is really just any application that runs on top of the DBMS and acts as a user interface: A. Back end B. Front end C. Both D. None 78. Data are stored in as database: A. Data files B. Data dictionary C. Database D. Data administrator 79. ACID properties of transactions are
12 A. Atomicity B. Consistency C. Isolation D. Durability 80. DA stands for: A. Data administrator B. Database active C. Define application D. All of these 81. Which is the person responsible for overall control f the database system: A. DDL B. DBMS C. DBA D. SDL 82. DBA stands for: A. Database maintenance B. Database administrator C. Database backup D. Database designer 83. Transaction is an action used to perform some manipulation on data stored in the : A. Memory B. Record C. Database D. All of these 84. The data in the database at a particular moment in time is called a A. Database state B. Valid state C. Initial state D. Empty state 85. Which is a DBMS keeps back-up copies of the database: A. Backup B. Recovery C. Both D. None 86. In which the database can be restored up to the last consistent state after the system failure: A. Backup B. Recovery C. Both D. None
13 87. How many levels of abstraction in DBMS: A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D Which are the three levels of abstraction: A. Physical B. Logical C. External D. All of these 89. How many types of data independence: A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D Which are the types of data independence: A. Physical B. Logical C. Both D. All of these 91. Which is the transformation of requests and results between different levels of abstraction: A. Evaluation B. Mapping C. Compiler D. Precompiler 92. Which mapping exists between the conceptual and internal levels: A. Conceptual B. Internal C. Both D. None 93. Which mapping exists between the external and conceptual levels: A. Conceptual B. External C. Both D. None 94. The related and interconnected software components of a DBMS are described by the : A. Logical architecture B. Physical architecture C. Both D. None
14 95. Which are the types of physical DBMS architecture can be split : A. Back end B. Front end C. Both D. None 96. The DML is called: A. Sublanguages B. Host languages C. VDL D. DDL 97. The overall description of a database is called : A. Data definition B. Data manipulation C. Data integrity D. Database schema 98. Which is proper subset designed to support views belonging to different classes of users in order to hid or protect information: A. Schema B. Subschema C. Non-schema D. None-subschema 99. A data dictionary is a repository that manages : A. Database B. Memory C. Metadata D. All of these 100. A tuple is a(n): A. column of a table B. two dimensional table C. row of a table D. key of a table 101. An attribute is a(n): A. two dimensional table B. row of a table C. key of a table D. column of a table 102. The method of access which uses key transformation is known as A. Direct
15 B. Hashing C. Random D. Sequential 103. The statement in SQL which allows to change the definition of a table is A. Create B. Alter C. Select D. Update 104. This is not a date type in SQL Server 2000 A. Char B. String C. Bigint D. Decimal 105. Which of the following is NOT a basic element of all versions of the E-R model? A. Entities B. Relationships C. Attributes D. Primary key 106. The SQL command to creating a table is: A. Make table B. Alter table C. Create table D. Define table is a virtual table A. Stored procedure B. View C. Table D. Rules 108. The DROP TABLE statement: A. Deletes the table structure only B. Deletes the table structure along with the table data C. works whether or not referential integrity constraints would be violated D. is not an SQL statement 109. The SQL statement to create a view is: A. CREATE VIEW B. MAKE VIEW C. SELECT VIEW D. INSERT VIEW 110. Which of the following is NOT a type of SQL constraint? A. PRIMARY KEY B. FOREIGN KEY
16 C. ALTERNATE KEY D. UNIQUE 111. The following are functions of a DBMS except A. creating and processing forms B. processing data C. creating databases D. administrating databases 112. What SQL structure is used to limit column values of a table? A. The LIMIT constraint B. The CHECK constraint C. The VALUE constraint D. None of the above is correct Every time attribute A appears, it is matched with the same value of attribute B, but not the same value of attribute C. Therefore, it is true that: A. A B B. A C C. A (B, C). D. (B,C) A The different classes of relations created by the technique for preventing modification anomalies are called: A. Normal forms. B. Referential integrity constraints. C. Functional dependencies. D. None of the above 115. A relation is in this form if it is in BCNF and has no multivalued dependencies: A. Second normal form. B. Third normal form C. Fourth normal form. D. Domain/key normal form Row is synonymous with the term: A. Record B. Column C. Field D. Relation 117. The primary key is selected from the: A. Composite keys B. Candidate keys C. Foreign keys D. Determinants 118. Which of the following is a group of one or more attributes that uniquely identifies a row? A. Key B. Tuple
17 C. Determinant D. Relation 119. When the values in one or more attributes being used as a foreign key must exist in another set of one or more attributes in another table, we have created a(n): A. Transitive dependency B. Insertion anomaly. C. Referential integrity constraint. D. Normal form 120. A relation is considered a: A. Column B. One dimensional table C. Two dimensional table D. Three dimensional table 121. In the relational model, relationships between relations or tables are created by using: A. Candidate keys B. Foreign keys C. Composite Keys D. Determinants 122. A functional dependency is a relationship between or among: A. Tables B. Rows C. Relations D. Attributes 123. Table is synonymous with the term: A. Record B. Column C. Field D. Relation 124. Which of the following is not a restriction for a table to be a relation? A. The cells of the table must contain a single value. B. All of the entries in any column must be of the same kind. C. The columns must be ordered. D. No two rows in a table may be identical For some relations, changing the data can have undesirable consequences called: A. Referential integrity constraints. B. Modification anomalies. C. Normal forms. D. Transitive dependencies If attributes A and B determine attribute C, then it is also true that: A. A C.
18 B. B C C. (A, B) is a composite determinant. D. C is a determinant 127. If attribute A determines both attributes B and C, then it is also true that: A. A B B. B A C. C A D. (B,C) A 128. One solution to the multivalued dependency constraint problem is to: A. split the relation into two relations, each with a single theme B. Change the theme. C. Create a new theme. D. add a composite key 129. FD stands for: a. Functional dependency b. Facilitate dependency c. Functional data d. Facilitate data 130. In which model of database data is stored in tables: a. Network model b. Relational model c. Hierarchical model d. None of these 131. How many types of keys in relation database design: a. Primary key b. Candidate key c. Foreign key d. All of these 132. Which key is referencing a primary key in a table: a. Primary key b. Candidate key c. Foreign key d. All of these 133. In which ways two tables may be related: a. One-one b. One-many c. Many-many d. All of these 134. Which rules are defined in relational models they from as an essential part of any relation database:
19 a. Integrity rules b. Database c. Record d. Memory 135. Which are the types of integrity rule: a. Entity integrity b. Referential integrity c. Both d. None 136. states that primary keys should not be null: a. Entity integrity b. Referential integrity c. Both d. None 137. Which command creates database objects like tables, views and indexes: a. Create command b. Update command c. Both d. None 138. Which command enables alteration the data stored in existing records: a. Create command b. Update command c. Deletion command d. All of these 139. Which are the dependencies types: a. Full functional dependency b. Partial dependency c. Trivial functional dependency d. All of these 140. FDs are the types of constraints that are based on : a. Key b. Key revisited c. Superset key d. None of these 141. Who developed the normalization process: a. E.F. codd b. F.F. codd c. E.E. codd
20 d. None of these 142. E.F.Codd developed the normalization process in the which early: a b c d Which is a bottom-up approach to database design that design by examining the relationship between attributes: a. Functional dependency b. Database modeling c. Normalization d. Decomposition 144. Which is the process of breaking a relation into multiple relations: a. Functional dependency b. Database modeling c. Normalization d. Decomposition 145. In decomposition technique of splitting a relation into relation: a. ONE or MORE b. TWO or MORE c. THREE or MORE d. FOUR or MORE 146. Consequently R.Boyce-Codd jointly launched powerful definition for the third normal form called : a. Boyce-Codd normal form b. First normal form c. Second normal form d. All of these 147. BCNF stands for: a. Basic -Codd normal form b. Build -Codd normal form c. Boyce-Codd normal form d. None of these 148. Which forms simplifies and ensures that there is minimal data aggregates and repetitive groups: a. 1NF b. 2NF c. 3NF d. All of these
21 149. Which forms every non-prime attribute is fully dependent functionally on the candidate key of a relational schema: a. 1NF b. 2NF c. 3NF d. 5NF 150. PJNF stands form: a. Practically join normal form b. Project join normal form c. Pages join normal form d. programming join normal form 151. Which forms are based on the concept of functional dependency a. 1NF b. 2NF c. 3NF d. 4NF 152. Which one is based on multi-valued dependency: a. First b. Second c. Third d. Fourth 153. The DBMS utility, allows to reconstruct the correct state of database from the backup and history of transactions. A) Backup B) Recovery C) Monitoring D) Data loading 154. In the... normal form, a composite attribute is converted to individual attributes. A) First B) Second C) Third D) Fourth 155. In RDBMS, Data is presented as a collection of... A) Table B) Attributes C) Relations D) Entities 156. A... normal form, normalization will be needed where all attributes in a relation are not functionally dependent only on the key attribute.
22 A) First B) Second C) Third D) Fourth 157. To select all column from the table the syntax is: A) Select all from table_name B) Select * from table_name C) Select from table_name D) Non of the above 158. If an attribute of a composite key is dependent on an attribute of the other composite key, normalization called... is needed. A) DKNF B) BCNF C) Fourth D) Third 159. Identify the criteria for designing database from the point of view of user A) No redundancy B) No inapplicable attributes C) Uniformity in naming & definitions of the data items D) All of the above 160. The... operator preserves unmatched rows of the relations being joined. A) Inner join B) Outer join C) Union D) Union join 161. Which of the syntax is correct for insert statement? i) insert into <table_name> values <list of values> ii) insert into <table_name> (column list) values <list of values> A) i-only B) ii-only C) Both of them D) None of them First proposed the process of normalization. A) Edgar. W B) Edgar F. Codd C) Edward Stephen D) Edward Codd 163. For using a specific database command is used.
23 A) use database B) databasename use C) Both A &B D) None of them 164. Which of the following is not comparison operator? A) <> B) < C) =< D) >= 165. is a special type of integrity constraint that relates two relations & maintains consistency across the relations. A) Entity Integrity Constraints B) Referential Integrity Constraints C) Domain Integrity Constraints D) Key Constraints specifies a search condition for a group or an aggregate. A) GROUP BY Clause B) HAVING Clause C) FROM Clause D) WHERE Clause 167. Drop Table cannot be used to drop a table referenced by a constraint. A) Local Key B) Primary Key C) Composite Key D) Foreign Key 168. ensures that once transaction changes are done, they cannot be undone or lost, even in the event of a system failure. A. Atomicity B. Consistency C. Durability D. Isolation 169. Deadlocks are possible only when one of the transactions wants to obtain a(n) lock on a data item. A. binary B. exclusive C. shared D. Complete 170. If several concurrent transactions are executed over the same data set and the second transaction updates the database before the first transaction is finished, the property is violated and the database is no longer consistent.
24 A. atomicity B. consistency C. isolation D. Durability 171. A DBMS uses a transaction to keep track of all transactions that update the database A. log B. table C. block D. Statement 172. When a program is abnormally terminated, the equivalent of a command occurs. A. COMMIT B. ROLLBACK C. QUIT D. EXIT 173. In a(n) backup of the database, only the last modifications to the database are copied. A. full B. incomplete C. differential D. transaction log 174. Although the locking approach improves the availability of data, its management requires high overhead. A. database-level B. table-level C. page-level D. row-level 175. A(n) lock exists when concurrent transactions are granted Read access on the basis of a common lock. A. binary B. field-level C. shared D. Exclusive 176. A database state is one in which all data integrity constraints are satisfied. A. fixed B. complete C. consistent
25 D. Secure 177. The statement is used to end a successful transaction. A. COMMIT B. DONE C. END D. QUIT 178. means that the data used during the execution of a transaction cannot be used by a second transaction until the first one is completed. A. Atomicity B. Consistency C. Durability D. Isolation 179. The three basic techniques to control deadlocks are: deadlock, deadlock detection, and deadlock avoidance. A. prevention B. prohibition C. rollback D. Commits 180. All transactions are controlled and executed by the DBMS (subject to some limitations) to guarantee database. A. integrity B. uniqueness C. consistency D. Design 181. In a lock, the DBMS will lock an entire disk page. A. database-level B. table-level C. page-level D. row-level 182. All lock information is managed by a, which is responsible for assigning and policing the locks used by the transactions. A. scheduler B. DBMS C. lock manager D. locking agent 169. C 183. According to the ANSI SQL standard, when does a transaction begin? A. with use of the START command B. when the first SQL statement is encountered C. with the BEGIN command
26 D. with the BEGIN TRANSACTION command 184. The lock allows concurrent transactions to access the same row as long as they require the use of different fields within that row. A. table-level B. page-level C. row-level D. field-level 185. What is ACID properties A. Atomicity B. Consistency C. Isolation D. Durability E. All of the above Correct Answer: E 186. Which refers to a property of computer to run several operation simultaneously and possible as computers await response of each other: a. Concurrency b. Deadlock c. Backup d. Recovery 187. Which is refers to a stalemate situation due to which no further progress is possible as computer await response of each other: a. Concurrency b. Deadlock c. Backup d. Recovery 188. Which is a duplicate copy of a file program that is stored on a different storage media than the original location: a. Concurrency b. Deadlock c. Backup d. Recovery joins are SQL server default A) Outer B) Inner
27 C) Equi D) None of the above 190. The... is essentially used to search for patterns in target string. A) Like Predicate B) Null Predicate C) In Predicate D) Out Predicate requires that data should be made available to only authorized users. A) Data integrity B) Privacy C) Security D) None of the above is a combination of two of more attributes used as a primary key A) Composite Key B) Alternate Key C) Candidate Key D) Foreign Key 193. To delete a database... command is used A) delete database database_name B) Delete database_name C) drop database database_name D) drop database_name 194. Some of the utilities of DBMS are... i) Transaction ii) Backup iii) File organization iv) Process Organization A) i, ii, and iv only B) i, ii and iii only C) ii, iii and iv only D) All i, ii, iii, and iv 195. There are number of Normal forms that has been defined A. 5 B. 6 C. 4 D The primary key must be A. Unique
28 B. Not Null C. Both A & B D. None of these 197. Which of the following is not unary operation? A. Select B. Union C. Project D. Rename 198. Which is relation calculus: a. Tuple relational calculus b. Domain relational calculus c. Both d. None 199. Which calculus is based on specifying a number of tuple variables:
29 a. Tuple relation calculus b. Domain relational calculus c. Both d. None 200. SQL outputs a single table known as the : a. View b. Column c. Tablespace d. Result set
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Databases What the Specification Says Describe flat files and relational databases, explaining the differences between them; Design a simple relational database to the third normal form (3NF), using entityrelationship
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