Bowel cancer: should I be screened?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Bowel cancer: should I be screened?"

Transcription

1 Patient information from the BMJ Group Bowel cancer: should I be screened? Bowel cancer is a serious condition, but there are good treatments. Treatment works best if it's started early.to pick up early warning signs of cancer, you might wish to consider a screening test. What is bowel cancer? Bowel cancer is one of the main causes of death from cancer in the UK. The cancer starts when some cells in the inside wall of the bowel start dividing too fast.you can get treatment to try to remove or kill the cancer and stop it spreading to other parts of your body. The term 'bowel cancer' includes cancers of the colon and rectum, which make up the upper and lower part of your bowel. Bowel cancer is sometimes called colorectal cancer. Your bowel turns food your body doesn't need into solid waste. The waste then leaves your body when you go to the toilet. What is bowel cancer screening? Cancer screening means looking for signs of cancer in healthy people. The idea is to spot cancer early, so treatment can be started straight away. There are several different tests that can spot early signs of bowel cancer. The one used most often in the UK is the faecal occult blood test (FOBT for short). If you have this test, a sample of your stool (faeces) is tested for blood. If you have blood in your stools, it might be because you have a tumour in your bowel. Older people in the UK will be offered this test every two years.the screening programme will be carried out by post.you do the test at home, using a kit.you place a small amount of your stool onto test cards. Then you return the cards to the screening centre so they can be checked for traces of blood. If the test finds blood, it doesn't mean you have cancer. Most people who have a positive test don't actually have cancer. The test means you might have cancer, and you should have another test to find out. Should I be screened? Regular screening for bowel cancer is now recommended in most of the UK for men and women over 60. People who are at high risk of bowel cancer can get tested earlier and more often. In England, people aged 60 to 69 years are offered FOBT screening every two years, using a home test. This age range is gradually being extended to include people up to page 1 of 5

2 age 75. If you're over 70 and you want to be screened, you can ask to be sent a testing kit. A similar programme has also started in Northern Ireland. In Scotland, men and women aged 50 to 74 are offered FOBT screening every two years. In Wales, those aged 60 to 74 are offered this screening, although the programme hopes to start screening from age 50 in the next few years. If you are not covered by these screening programmes, you could choose to pay for screening at a private health clinic. But it is a good idea to check out the clinic with your GP first. These screening programmes are for men and women who have an average risk of getting bowel cancer. This means they have no health problems or family history that puts them at higher risk of bowel cancer. In England, a test to examine the rectum and lower bowel is gradually being added to the screening programme. This one-off test, called a flexible sigmoidoscopy or bowel scope, will eventually be offered to all men and women aged 55. FOBT screening will continue to be offered as before. How can screening help? Screening is used to look for cancer at a very early stage, before it starts to cause symptoms. The earlier bowel cancer is found, the more likely it is to be cured. Studies show that: If your bowel cancer is found after it has started causing symptoms, you have a 5 in 10 chance of surviving for at least five years If your bowel cancer is found before it has started causing symptoms, you have an 8 in 10 chance of surviving for at least five years. There is good research to show that the faecal occult blood test works well for bowel cancer screening. People who have this test once a year or once every two years, with a follow-up colonoscopy if the results are positive, are less likely to die of bowel cancer. In one study of 46,000 people, there were about one-third fewer deaths from bowel cancer in people who had FOBT screening every year for 13 years, compared with people who had no screening. But FOBT doesn't pick up every case of bowel cancer. Can it be harmful? Most people being screened don't have cancer. So it's important that the benefits of having a screening test outweigh the risk of any harm. That's why it's important to know which tests are safest for screening. FOBT is a safe test.you don't have to undergo any procedure. But there are two possible problems: page 2 of 5

3 False-negative results. This means you do have cancer, but the test doesn't find it. So you might ignore symptoms of cancer and miss out on vital treatment. FOBT doesn't pick up every case of bowel cancer, because not all cancers bleed False-positive results. This means you don't have cancer, but the test result is positive. So you get needlessly worried and have more tests that you don't really need. Most people who have a positive FOBT do not have cancer. This is because there are lots of other medical problems that cause bleeding from the back passage. What will happen after my test? If you have a negative result A negative result means the test did not find any signs of cancer. This is reassuring. But remember that the FOBT sometimes misses cases of cancer. Even if you've had a negative test result, you shouldn't ignore warning signs of bowel cancer. You should see your doctor if you have any of these symptoms, which could mean bowel cancer: Repeated bleeding from your back passage Seeing blood in your stools A change in your bowel habits that lasts for more than six weeks. This could be loose stools and needing to go to the toilet more often, or bad constipation Bad pain in your abdomen Unexplained weight loss or severe tiredness. If you have a positive result A positive FOBT result may make you feel very anxious. But a positive test doesn't mean you have cancer. You will need another test to find out. Other tests There are several other types of test for bowel cancer but they aren't used routinely for screening in the UK. That's because they involve doctors putting a tube into your back passage. This can be uncomfortable and there's a risk that the tube will damage the bowel. However, these tests are very thorough. In the UK, they are normally used to test for bowel cancer when someone has symptoms of bowel cancer, or is at high risk of bowel cancer, or has a positive FOBT test. page 3 of 5

4 If you have flexible sigmoidoscopy, a doctor puts a thin, bendy tube into your back passage. This allows the doctor to look at your rectum and the lower part of your bowel. If you have colonoscopy, a doctor puts a tube into your back passage.this is pushed up your bowel so the doctor can see all the way along it. If you have a barium enema, a thick white liquid is put into your rectum through a tube in your back passage. Then x-rays are taken of your bowel. These tests also allow the doctor to see if you have polyps.these are growths or patches of cells in the bowel wall. If you have polyps you might need to have them removed. Polyps are not the same as cancer. But most cancers start as polyps. If you have flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, there's a small chance the instruments used to carry out the test could damage your bowel. This could cause bleeding bad enough to go to hospital. In one study of more than 40,000 people having flexible sigmoidoscopy, three people had to go to hospital with bleeding. There's a slightly bigger chance that colonoscopy could damage your bowel. In another study, six out of more than 3,000 people having colonoscopy had serious bleeding. If you've had a positive result from FOBT or any other type of test, you will probably have a colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a very thorough test for bowel cancer, because it can see the full length of the bowel. If the colonoscopy finds any polyps, these can be removed during the test. Having polyps doesn't mean you have cancer now, or that you will get it later. But bowel cancer usually starts with polyps. So you should be tested more regularly from now on. If the colonoscopy test finds any abnormal-looking areas in the bowel, the doctor will remove a small piece of tissue during the test. Doctors call this taking a biopsy. This tissue is then sent to a laboratory, where it is examined under a microscope. If there are cancer cells in the sample, you will be referred to a doctor who specialises in bowel cancer. The doctor will need to do some further tests to find out how big the cancer is and whether it has spread. This helps the doctor plan the best treatment for you. The main treatments for bowel cancer are surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy (treatment with anti-cancer drugs). People at high risk of bowel cancer Things that increase your risk of getting a disease are called risk factors. If you have a condition or family history that puts you at high risk of bowel cancer you might need regular tests (flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, or barium enema). Your doctor will be able to advise you.you should have a special screening plan if you have any of these risk factors for bowel cancer: page 4 of 5

5 Bowel cancer: should I be screened? A family history of bowel cancer. This means that a close relative (parent, child, brother, or sister) was diagnosed with bowel cancer before they were 45, or two close relatives were diagnosed with bowel cancer at any age Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. These are long-term diseases that cause inflammation (swelling and irritation) inside the bowel Polyps or bowel cancer in the past. If you've had polyps removed from your bowel in the past, or you've had bowel cancer before, you're more likely to get bowel cancer again Familial adenomatous polyposis. This is a rare disease that runs in families. It causes lots of polyps to grow in the bowel and makes bowel cancer more likely. Where to get more help The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme provides detailed information for patients at This information is aimed at a UK patient audience. This information however does not replace medical advice. If you have a medical problem please see your doctor. Please see our full Conditions of Use for this content. These leaflets are reviewed annually. Last published: Sep 16, 2015 page 5 of 5

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Colon and Rectal Cancer Colon and Rectal Cancer What is colon or rectal cancer? Colon or rectal cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in your large intestine, which is also called the large bowel. The colon is the last 5 feet

More information

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms?

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms? Patient information from the BMJ Group Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a serious disease. If it s diagnosed at an early stage, ovarian cancer can usually be cured. But even cancers that are more advanced

More information

colon cancer Talk to your doctor about getting tested for colon cancer. They know how to prevent and you can, too. Take a look inside.

colon cancer Talk to your doctor about getting tested for colon cancer. They know how to prevent and you can, too. Take a look inside. 2006, American Cancer Society, Inc. No. 243900 Rev.01/08 The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem

More information

How common is bowel cancer?

How common is bowel cancer? information Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology Bowel Cancer (1 of 6) How common is bowel cancer? Each year 35,000 people in Britain are diagnosed with cancer of the bowel, that is to say cancer

More information

There are many different types of cancer and sometimes cancer is diagnosed when in fact you are not suffering from the disease at all.

There are many different types of cancer and sometimes cancer is diagnosed when in fact you are not suffering from the disease at all. About Cancer Cancer is a disease where there is a disturbance in the normal pattern of cell replacement. The cells mutate and become abnormal or grow uncontrollably. Not all tumours are cancerous (i.e.

More information

Colon Cancer. What Is Colon Cancer? What Are the Screening Methods?

Colon Cancer. What Is Colon Cancer? What Are the Screening Methods? Cancer of the colon or rectum (colorectal cancer) is the second most common cancer in the U.S. In fact, of all people born, 1 in 40 will die of the disease. What Is Colon Cancer? Colon cancer begins with

More information

COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING

COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING By Douglas K. Rex, M.D., FACG & Suthat Liangpunsakul, M.D. Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis,

More information

Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable. American Cancer Society

Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable. American Cancer Society Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable American Cancer Society Reviewed January 2013 What we ll be talking about How common is colorectal cancer? What is colorectal cancer? What causes it?

More information

Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening. Prevention and Screening for Colorectal Cancer

Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening. Prevention and Screening for Colorectal Cancer Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening Prevention and Screening for Colorectal Cancer 1 What is colorectal cancer? Colorectum (colon and rectum, or the large bowel or large intestine)

More information

Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable. American Cancer Society

Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable. American Cancer Society Colorectal Cancer: Preventable, Beatable, Treatable American Cancer Society Reviewed January 2016 What we ll be talking about How common is colorectal cancer? What is colorectal cancer? What causes it?

More information

BOWEL CANCER. How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk. cruk.org

BOWEL CANCER. How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk. cruk.org BOWEL CANCER How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk cruk.org Bowel cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the UK, after breast, lung and prostate cancers. It affects both men and women

More information

NHS breast screening Helping you decide

NHS breast screening Helping you decide NHS breast screening Helping you decide What is breast cancer? 2 What is breast screening? 3 Breast screening results 6 Making a choice the possible benefits 9 and risks of breast screening What are the

More information

Large bowel cancer. Large bowel cancer: English

Large bowel cancer. Large bowel cancer: English Large bowel cancer: English Large bowel cancer This fact sheet is about how cancer of the large bowel is diagnosed and treated. We also have fact sheets in your language about chemotherapy, radiotherapy,

More information

Lung cancer (non-small-cell)

Lung cancer (non-small-cell) Patient information from the BMJ Group Lung cancer (non-small-cell) It can be devastating to find out that you or someone close to you has lung cancer. You will have to make some important decisions about

More information

HAVING AN ENDOSCOPIC MUCOSAL RESECTION (EMR)

HAVING AN ENDOSCOPIC MUCOSAL RESECTION (EMR) HAVING AN ENDOSCOPIC MUCOSAL RESECTION (EMR) Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 Having an EMR Previous tests have shown that you have a polyp in your large bowel (colon). Your doctor

More information

For Yourself and Loved Ones. A Colorectal Cancer Kit from NFCR

For Yourself and Loved Ones. A Colorectal Cancer Kit from NFCR For Yourself and Loved Ones A Colorectal Cancer Kit from NFCR ABOUT THE NFCR COLORECTAL CANCER PREVENTION AND DETECTION KIT Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or large bowel cancer, includes cancerous

More information

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal Bleeding Gastrointestinal Bleeding Introduction Gastrointestinal bleeding is a symptom of many diseases rather than a disease itself. A number of different conditions can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Some causes

More information

As Reported by the Senate Health, Human Services and Aging Committee. 127th General Assembly Regular Session Sub. S. B. No. 278 2007-2008 A B I L L

As Reported by the Senate Health, Human Services and Aging Committee. 127th General Assembly Regular Session Sub. S. B. No. 278 2007-2008 A B I L L As Reported by the Senate Health, Human Services and Aging Committee 127th General Assembly Regular Session Sub. S. B. No. 278 2007-2008 Senator Coughlin Cosponsors: Senators Stivers, Mumper, Spada, Miller,

More information

A start to help you understand prostate cancer

A start to help you understand prostate cancer A start to help you understand prostate cancer If you are reading this because you have worries or concerns about yourself or someone you know then the best thing to do is make an appointment with your

More information

Testing for Prostate Cancer. Should I be tested? Is it the right choice for me?

Testing for Prostate Cancer. Should I be tested? Is it the right choice for me? Testing for Prostate Cancer Should I be tested? Is it the right choice for me? Prostate cancer affects many men. There are tests to find it early. There may be benefits and risks with testing. Research

More information

Colorectal Cancer Care A Cancer Care Map for Patients

Colorectal Cancer Care A Cancer Care Map for Patients Colorectal Cancer Care A Cancer Care Map for Patients Understanding the process of care that a patient goes through in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer in BC. Colorectal Cancer Care Map

More information

Laparoscopic Surgery of the Colon and Rectum (Large Intestine) A Simple Guide to Help Answer Your Questions

Laparoscopic Surgery of the Colon and Rectum (Large Intestine) A Simple Guide to Help Answer Your Questions Laparoscopic Surgery of the Colon and Rectum (Large Intestine) A Simple Guide to Help Answer Your Questions What are the Colon and Rectum? The colon and rectum together make up the large intestine. After

More information

PSA Testing for Prostate Cancer An information sheet for men considering a PSA Test

PSA Testing for Prostate Cancer An information sheet for men considering a PSA Test PSA Testing for Prostate Cancer An information sheet for men considering a PSA Test What is the aim of this leaflet? Prostate cancer is a serious condition. The PSA test, which can give an early indication

More information

The Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre Frequently Asked Questions. What is the Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre?

The Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre Frequently Asked Questions. What is the Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre? The Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre Frequently Asked Questions What is the Forzani MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre? The Forzani and MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre (CCSC) is

More information

The PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Screening:

The PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Screening: For more information, please contact your local VA Medical Center or Health Clinic. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Patient Care Services Health Promotion and Disease

More information

CT scan. Useful information. Contents. This information is about CT scans. There are sections on

CT scan. Useful information. Contents. This information is about CT scans. There are sections on CT scan Useful information Contents This information is about CT scans. There are sections on How a CT scanner works What happens Preparation for the scan Abdominal CT scans CT scans of the head CT scans

More information

Flexible sigmoidoscopy the procedure explained Please bring this booklet with you

Flexible sigmoidoscopy the procedure explained Please bring this booklet with you Flexible sigmoidoscopy the procedure explained Please bring this booklet with you Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Introduction You have been advised by your GP or hospital doctor to have an

More information

Guide to Abdominal or Gastroenterological Surgery Claims

Guide to Abdominal or Gastroenterological Surgery Claims What are the steps towards abdominal surgery? Investigation and Diagnosis It is very important that all necessary tests are undertaken to investigate the patient s symptoms appropriately and an accurate

More information

COMMUNITY REPORT March 2013 WJMC.ORG

COMMUNITY REPORT March 2013 WJMC.ORG March Is Colon Cancer Awareness Month 10 Best Ways To Prevent Colon Cancer Talk by Steve Venturatos, MD Sign Up to Get Screened Blood Pressure Interactive Colon Exhibit Light Refreshments Door Prizes*

More information

CONTENTS: WHAT S IN THIS BOOKLET

CONTENTS: WHAT S IN THIS BOOKLET Q Questions & A & Answers About Your Prostate Having a biopsy test to find out if you may have prostate cancer can bring up a lot of questions. This booklet will help answer those questions. CONTENTS:

More information

Asbestos and your lungs

Asbestos and your lungs This information describes what asbestos is and the lung conditions that are caused by exposure to it. It also includes information about what to do if you have been exposed to asbestos, and the benefits

More information

Learning about Mouth Cancer

Learning about Mouth Cancer Learning about Mouth Cancer Creation of this material was made possible in part by a pioneering grant from CBCC-USA. Distributed by India Cancer Initiative What is mouth cancer? Our bodies are made up

More information

SCREENING FOR THE BIG THREE CANCERS: BREAST, CERVICAL and COLORECTAL. See your doctor for screening advice

SCREENING FOR THE BIG THREE CANCERS: BREAST, CERVICAL and COLORECTAL. See your doctor for screening advice SCREENING FOR THE BIG THREE CANCERS: BREAST, CERVICAL and COLORECTAL See your doctor for screening advice SCREENING FOR THE BIG THREE CANCERS: BREAST, CERVICAL and COLORECTAL Cancer is a serious, dreaded

More information

The recommendations made throughout this book are by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).

The recommendations made throughout this book are by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). INTRODUCTION This book has been prepared for people with bowel cancer, their families and friends. The first section is for people with bowel cancer, and is intended to help you understand what bowel cancer

More information

Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures In support of the SPECTAcolor Biobank Project

Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures In support of the SPECTAcolor Biobank Project Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures In support of the SPECTAcolor Biobank Project ITALY Contact: Mathilde Fenoulhet, Fundraising Project Coordinator EORTC Headquarters mathilde.fenoulhet@eortc.be +32 2

More information

Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide

Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating mesothelioma from CancerHelp UK. You will find more detailed information on the website. In this information

More information

Secondary liver cancer Patient Information Booklet

Secondary liver cancer Patient Information Booklet Secondary liver cancer Patient Information Booklet Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

PREPARING FOR YOUR STOMA REVERSAL

PREPARING FOR YOUR STOMA REVERSAL PREPARING FOR YOUR STOMA REVERSAL Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 Introduction- What you need to know As part of your bowel operation you may have had a temporary stoma formed.

More information

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better.

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. Patient information from the BMJ Group It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. What is multiple

More information

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer Media Contact: Gerri Gomez Howard Cell: 303-748-3933 gerri@gomezhowardgroup.com Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer What is ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in tissues

More information

The faecal occult blood (FOB) test

The faecal occult blood (FOB) test The faecal occult blood (FOB) test This information is an extract from the booklet, Understanding bowel cancer screening. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 6.

More information

Breast Cancer. Presentation by Dr Mafunga

Breast Cancer. Presentation by Dr Mafunga Breast Cancer Presentation by Dr Mafunga Breast cancer in the UK Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women. Around 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer It most commonly affects women over

More information

HEALTH EFFECTS. Inhalation

HEALTH EFFECTS. Inhalation Health Effects HEALTH EFFECTS Asbestos can kill you. You must take extra precautions when you work with asbestos. Just because you do not notice any problems while you are working with asbestos, it still

More information

Colorectal Cancer Screening

Colorectal Cancer Screening Colorectal Cancer Screening Introduction Colorectal cancer (cancer of the large intestine) is the second most common cause of death from cancer in the United States, after lung cancer. However, colorectal

More information

CANCER FACTS. for the Asian American Community ASIAN AMERICAN HEALTH INITIATIVE. Department of Health and Human Services Montgomery County

CANCER FACTS. for the Asian American Community ASIAN AMERICAN HEALTH INITIATIVE. Department of Health and Human Services Montgomery County CANCER FACTS for the Asian American Community ASIAN AMERICAN HEALTH INITIATIVE Department of Health and Human Services Montgomery County ABOUT THE ASIAN AMERICAN HEALTH INITIATIVE ASIAN AMERICAN HEALTH

More information

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Flexible Sigmoidoscopy National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is flexible sigmoidoscopy? Flexible sigmoidoscopy

More information

Colorectal cancer. A guide for journalists on colorectal cancer and its treatment

Colorectal cancer. A guide for journalists on colorectal cancer and its treatment Colorectal cancer A guide for journalists on colorectal cancer and its treatment Contents Contents 2 3 Section 1: Colorectal cancer 4 i. What is colorectal cancer? 4 ii. Causes and risk factors 4 iii.

More information

Short Course, Pre-operative Radiotherapy for Bowel Cancer

Short Course, Pre-operative Radiotherapy for Bowel Cancer Short Course, Pre-operative Radiotherapy for Bowel Cancer Patient Information Introduction This leaflet tells you about short course, pre-operative radiotherapy for the treatment of bowel cancer. It explains

More information

THINGS TO BE AWARE OF ABOUT PROSTATE AND LUNG CANCER. Lawrence Lackey Jr., M.D. Internal Medicine 6001 W. Outer Dr. Ste 114

THINGS TO BE AWARE OF ABOUT PROSTATE AND LUNG CANCER. Lawrence Lackey Jr., M.D. Internal Medicine 6001 W. Outer Dr. Ste 114 THINGS TO BE AWARE OF ABOUT PROSTATE AND LUNG CANCER Lawrence Lackey Jr., M.D. Internal Medicine 6001 W. Outer Dr. Ste 114 WHAT IS CANCER? The body is made up of hundreds of millions of living cells. Normal

More information

What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide

What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide A M E R I C A N C O L L E G E O F C H E S T P H Y S I C I A N S Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers. About 170,000

More information

Cancer Screening 22M 36% 56% Only 56% of uninsured women aged 50 74 are up-to-date with mammography screening. Colorectal Cancer Breast Cancer

Cancer Screening 22M 36% 56% Only 56% of uninsured women aged 50 74 are up-to-date with mammography screening. Colorectal Cancer Breast Cancer July 2010 22M 22 million adults aged 50 75 need to be screened for colorectal cancer, and 7 million women aged 50 74 need to be screened for breast cancer. Cancer Screening Colorectal Cancer Breast Cancer

More information

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available.

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available. Lung Cancer Introduction Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer of men and women. Over 165,000 people die of lung cancer every year in the United States. Most cases of lung cancer are related to cigarette

More information

Screening for Prostate Cancer

Screening for Prostate Cancer Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening Screening for Prostate Cancer Information for men and their families 1 What is the prostate? 2 What is prostate cancer? prostate The prostate

More information

Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults

Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults Is this information right for me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor * said all tests show you have localized

More information

Having an Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR)

Having an Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) Having an Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) Patient Information Author ID: N Prasad Leaflet Number: End 011 Name of Leaflet: Having an Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) Date Produced: March 2014 Review

More information

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1 Mesothelioma Introduction Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. It starts in the tissue that lines your lungs, stomach, heart, and other organs. This tissue is called mesothelium. Most people who get this

More information

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Introduction Cancer of the prostate is the most common form of cancer that affects men. About 240,000 American men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Your

More information

CT Virtual Colonoscopy

CT Virtual Colonoscopy CT Virtual Colonoscopy Ladywell Building Radiology 2 0161 206 1233 All Rights Reserved 2015. Document for issue as handout. This information booklet tells you about virtual colonoscopy, which is a test

More information

Understanding Colitis and Crohn s Disease

Understanding Colitis and Crohn s Disease Improving life for people affected by Colitis and Crohn s Disease Understanding Colitis and Crohn s Disease 1 Understanding Colitis and Crohn s Disease Understanding Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn s Disease...

More information

Colon Polyps. What I need to know about. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

Colon Polyps. What I need to know about. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What I need to know about Colon Polyps U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse What I need to know about Colon

More information

Skin cancer Patient information

Skin cancer Patient information Skin cancer Patient information What is cancer? The human body is made up of billions of cells. In healthy people, cells grow, divide and die. New cells constantly replace old ones in an orderly way. This

More information

How prostate cancer is diagnosed

How prostate cancer is diagnosed How prostate cancer is diagnosed This information is an extract from the booklet Having tests for prostate cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 7. Contents

More information

Problems of the Digestive System

Problems of the Digestive System The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists f AQ FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQ120 WOMEN S HEALTH Problems of the Digestive System What are some common digestive problems? What is constipation?

More information

Advice to patients about the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test: frequently-asked questions

Advice to patients about the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test: frequently-asked questions Advice to patients about the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test: frequently-asked questions What is the PSA blood test? If you want more information before deciding to have this test, it is important

More information

Early Prostate Cancer: Questions and Answers. Key Points

Early Prostate Cancer: Questions and Answers. Key Points CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Early Prostate Cancer:

More information

Testing for Prostate Cancer

Testing for Prostate Cancer Testing for Prostate Cancer Should I be tested? Is it the right choice for me? Prostate cancer affects many men. There are tests to find it early. There may be benefits and risks with testing. Research

More information

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer The Pancreas The pancreas is an organ that is about 6 inches long. It s located deep in your belly between your stomach and backbone. Your

More information

Laparoscopic Colectomy. What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery?

Laparoscopic Colectomy. What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery? Laparoscopic Colectomy What do I need to know about my laparoscopic colorectal surgery? Traditionally, colon & rectal surgery requires a large, abdominal and/or pelvic incision, which often requires a

More information

Cancer Facts for Women

Cancer Facts for Women 2006, American Cancer Society, Inc. No.200700-Rev.03/08 The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem

More information

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer april 2007 information about Inflammatory breast cancer What is inflammatory breast cancer? Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare and rapidly growing form of breast cancer. Unlike other breast cancers which

More information

Prevention Checklist for Men

Prevention Checklist for Men Page 1 of 5 Prevention Checklist for Men Great progress has been made in cancer research, but we still don t understand exactly what causes most cancers. We do know that many factors put us at higher risk

More information

BOWEL CANCER. The doctor has explained that you have a growth or tumour, in your bowel or rectum and could be cancer.

BOWEL CANCER. The doctor has explained that you have a growth or tumour, in your bowel or rectum and could be cancer. Patient and Carer Information BOWEL CANCER Please read this leaflet carefully. It is important that you take note of any instructions or advice given. If you have any questions or problems that are not

More information

Prostate cancer screening. It s YOUR decision!

Prostate cancer screening. It s YOUR decision! Prostate cancer screening It s YOUR decision! For many years now, a test has been available to screen for. The test is called the prostate-specific antigen blood test (or PSA test). It is used in combination

More information

Treating Prostate Cancer

Treating Prostate Cancer Treating Prostate Cancer A Guide for Men With Localized Prostate Cancer Most men have time to learn about all the options for treating their prostate cancer. You have time to talk with your family and

More information

1. What is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test?

1. What is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test? 1. What is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test? Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood. The doctor

More information

Breast cancer in the family

Breast cancer in the family Birmingham Women's NHS Foundation Trust Breast cancer in the family Information for women with a slightly increased risk of breast cancer This is a no smoking hospital Breast cancer in the family what

More information

95% of childhood kidney cancer cases are Wilms tumours. Childhood kidney cancer is extremely rare, with only 90 cases a year in

95% of childhood kidney cancer cases are Wilms tumours. Childhood kidney cancer is extremely rare, with only 90 cases a year in James Whale Fund for Kidney Cancer Childhood kidney cancer factsheet Kidney cancer rarely afflicts children and about 90 paediatric cases are diagnosed in the UK each year. About 75% of childhood kidney

More information

X-ray (Radiography), Lower GI Tract

X-ray (Radiography), Lower GI Tract Scan for mobile link. X-ray (Radiography), Lower GI Tract What is Lower GI Tract X-ray Radiography (Barium Enema)? Lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract radiography, also called a lower GI or barium enema,

More information

Secondary Liver Cancer Information for patients with bowel cancer which has spread to the liver

Secondary Liver Cancer Information for patients with bowel cancer which has spread to the liver Secondary Liver Cancer Information for patients with bowel cancer which has spread to the liver Patient Information Introduction This booklet contains information about secondary liver cancer. It is written

More information

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong Lung Cancer Know how to stay strong What is cancer? 2 Cancer is a disease when some cells in the body grow out of control Normal cells Your body has many tiny cells and keeps making new cells to keep you

More information

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test An information guide Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)

More information

Mifamurtide (Mepact ) for Osteosarcoma

Mifamurtide (Mepact ) for Osteosarcoma Mifamurtide (Mepact ) for Osteosarcoma Mifamurtide (Mepact ) for Osteosarcoma This leaflet is offered as a guide to you and your family. Your treatment will be fully explained to you by your doctor or

More information

Treating Melanoma S kin Cancer A Quick Guide

Treating Melanoma S kin Cancer A Quick Guide Treating Melanoma Skin Cancer A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating melanoma skin cancer from our website. You will find more detailed information on the website.

More information

Bowel (Colorectal) Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Bowel (Colorectal) Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Bowel (Colorectal) Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Introduction The information in this document has been reproduced with the permission of the Colorectal and Stoma Care Team, Barts & the London NHS Trust.

More information

Breast Cancer in the Family

Breast Cancer in the Family Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Oxford Regional Genetic Department Breast Cancer in the Family Information for women with a moderately increased risk of breast cancer Breast cancer in the family

More information

Are you worried about prostate cancer? 1

Are you worried about prostate cancer? 1 Are you worried about prostate cancer? 1 Are you worried about prostate cancer? This information is from the leaflet Are you worried about prostate cancer? You may find the full leaflet helpful. We can

More information

PRIMARY LUNG CANCER TREATMENT

PRIMARY LUNG CANCER TREATMENT PRIMARY LUNG CANCER TREATMENT Cancer Care Pathways Directorate Tailored Information in Cancer Care (TICC) Sir Anthony Mamo Oncology Centre December 2014 Contents About this booklet 1 Types of Lung Cancer

More information

Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer

Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer What is the appendix? The appendix is a pouch-like tube attached to the first part of the large intestine (cecum). The appendix is about 10 centimetres long and has no

More information

PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer Information for Care Providers

PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer Information for Care Providers All men should know they are having a PSA test and be informed of the implications prior to testing. This booklet was created to help primary care providers offer men information about the risks and benefits

More information

OVARIAN CANCER TREATMENT

OVARIAN CANCER TREATMENT OVARIAN CANCER TREATMENT Cancer Care Pathways Directorate Tailored Information in Cancer Care (TICC) Sir Anthony Mamo Oncology Centre National Cancer Plan May 2015 Contents About this booklet 1 The Ovaries

More information

About lung cancer. Contents. The lungs

About lung cancer. Contents. The lungs This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding lung cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 7. The lungs Contents The lungs Types of lung cancer

More information

BREAST CANCER. How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk. cruk.org

BREAST CANCER. How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk. cruk.org BREAST CANCER How to spot the signs and symptoms and reduce your risk cruk.org Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK. Around 8 in 10 breast cancer cases are in women aged 50 and over. Men can

More information

Chlamydia. Looking after your sexual health

Chlamydia. Looking after your sexual health Chlamydia Looking after your sexual health 2 Chlamydia Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is very easy to treat and cure. Up to one in 10 sexually active young

More information

NHS. Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Issue date: March 2006

NHS. Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Issue date: March 2006 NHS National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Issue date: March 2006 Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy Understanding NICE guidance information for people considering the procedure, and for

More information

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes Patient information from the BMJ Group Stopping smoking Smoking harms your health, but it's difficult to stop. That s because most people who smoke have become addicted to nicotine, a chemical in tobacco.

More information

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Introduction This guide is designed to help you clarify and understand the decisions that need to be made about your care for the

More information

Fecal Incontinence. What is fecal incontinence?

Fecal Incontinence. What is fecal incontinence? Scan for mobile link. Fecal Incontinence Fecal incontinence is the inability to control the passage of waste material from the body. It may be associated with constipation or diarrhea and typically occurs

More information

Patients who fail to bring a driver/someone to stay with them for the night will have their procedure cancelled immediately.

Patients who fail to bring a driver/someone to stay with them for the night will have their procedure cancelled immediately. Preparing for your Colonoscopy You must have someone and/or a driver accompany you and stay with you for 24 hours after your procedure. Patients who fail to bring a driver/someone to stay with them for

More information

Constipation in Adults

Constipation in Adults Information about Constipation in Adults What are the commonest causes? What are the unusual causes? Constipation in Adults Will I need to have tests? What does constipation mean? What research is needed?

More information