1 Pistoia-Dialogues on Man, the cultural festival dedicated to contemporary anthropology and sociology, has now come to its third edition after the success of 2011, with more than 11,000 visitors. This year s theme I give, therefore we are. Giving, exchanging, sharing for a fairer society will be dealt with in discussions, lectures, performances and readings designed to be accessible to the general public and to whoever is interested in acquiring new tools for an in-depth investigation and under standing of present-day reality. The opposition between an idea of society based upon solidarity and that of a world where everyone pursues self-interest has always opposed scholars and thinkers determining a clear-cut opposition between us, the utilitarians, obsessed as we are with gain, and those others who are less bent on individual profit and more inclined to giving. Perhaps more than an economic and financial issue it is an ethical and social. At a time of deep crisis, it seems fruitful to use an anthropological approach to understand why economic relations enjoy a primacy in our society. Anthropologists, sociologists, philosophers, economists, psychoanalysts, and writers from Italy and the world over will engage in dialogue with each other and with the audience. For speaking of gift means discussing relationships: the gesture of living is tied to the gesture of receiving and of exchanging. I hope that these three days of reflections on solidarity and hospitality will be a stimulating opportunity to discuss the common good and social contribution activities. Giulia Cogoli May 2012 Program Friday, May 27, 5:30pm, piazza del Duomo Opening ceremony Ivano Paci, President of the Cassa di Risparmio di Pistoia e Pescia Foundation Giulia Cogoli, designer and director of Pistoia Dialogues on Man Samuele Bertinelli, Mayor of Pistoia 1. Friday, May 25, 5:30pm, piazza del Duomo free admission Luigi Zoja Gift and obligation. A reflection on social contribution Ethnology, psychoanalysis and neuroscience tell us that man is a social animal. Not only ethics and law but also instinct demands that part of our toil be destined to others. But this natural drive has been lost in mass society: giving the public administration its due tax is perceived as a constriction or even an abuse. Since the economy plays in our collective life the central role once occupied by religion, public finance represents a pillar of social equilibrium. In our subconscious, an economic crisis takes the place of Evil. Having to pay for the current crisis is perceived as a punishment: let the others, the responsible ones take care of it (since bearing more guilt is more difficult than bearing more expenses). Paradoxically, however, in the face of this contradiction, we see a revival of the age-old drive to work for one s community in the increasing popularity of volunteer work and of non-profit organizations. A reflection on the many forms of social contribution. Luigi Zoja was born in 1943 and has worked in Zurich, New York and Milan. He was President of
2 the Centro Italiano di Psicologia Analitica ( ) and President of the International Association for Analytical Psychology ( ), the association of Jungian analysts around the world, as well as serving as President on its International Ethics Committee. He has taught at the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich and the University of Insubria. He has published books and articles in fourteen languages including: Nascere non basta. Iniziazione e tossicodipendenza (Raffaello Cortina, 2003); Coltivare l anima (Moretti&Vitali, 1999); and Storia dell arroganza. Psicologia e limiti dello sviluppo (Moretti&Vitali, 2003). Bollati Boringhieri published: Il gesto di Ettore (2000); Giustizia e Bellezza (2007); and Contro Ismene. Considerazioni sulla violenza (2009). Other works include: La morte del prossimo (2009, Einaudi); and Centauri. Mito e violenza maschile (i Libri del Festival della Mente, Laterza, 2010); Amare oggi (with Lidia Maggi, il Margine, 2012). 2. Friday, May 25, 7pm, piazza dello Spirito Santo admission!3,00 Marco Aime Giving to live together From Marcel Mauss 1921 essay on The Gift to such online practices as free software, the gift is a constant pervading our lives even if we are not aware. Giving this common, simple gesture represents the true driving force behind every community, every society. What distinguishes giving from other forms of exchange? Freedom the freedom of returning, the freedom of giving whenever and however one wishes. Much of human relations is based upon the acts of giving, receiving and reciprocating, the three pillars of a system resting upon a constant alternation of equilibrium and disequilibrium. They give rise to a time of waiting in which and by which relations between individuals stay alive. Marco Aime is professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Genoa. He has conducted research on the Alps and in West Africa. He regularly contributes to La Stampa and Liberazione newsdailies, and has been a consultant to Pistoia-Dialogues on Man since its first edition. He also sits on the jury of the Chatwin Prize. In addition to his many scientific papers, Aime has authored a number of books: Le radici nella sabbia (EDT, 1999); Diario Dogon (Bollati Boringhieri, 2000); La casa di nessuno. I mercati in Africa occidentale (Bollati Boringhieri, 2002); L incontro mancato (Bollati Boringhieri, 2005); Gli specchi di Gulliver (Bollati Boringhieri, 2006); Timbuctu (Bollati Boringhieri, 2008); Il diverso come icona del male (with E. Severino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2009); Gli uccelli della solitudine (Bollati Boringhieri 2010); La macchia della razza (Ponte alle Grazie, 2009); Eccessi di culture (Einaudi, 2004); Il primo libro di antropologia (Einaudi, 2008); Una bella differenza (Einaudi 2009); Il dono al tempo di Internet (with A. Cossetta, Einaudi, 2010); Verdi tribù del Nord. La Lega vista da un antropologo (Laterza, 2012). 3. Friday, May 25, 7pm, sala Maggiore Palazzo Comunale - admission!3,00 Elena Pulcini Why give: altruism or passion? What motives drive us to give? Giving is mostly explained by altruism, and it is contrasted with selfinterested, utilitarian, individualistic motives. An opposition is thus established between a selfcentered attitude asserting the priority of the Ego, and a selfless attitude asserting the priority of the Other. Instead, Elena Pulcini proposes to read the gift as both a concrete and a symbolic manifestation of being with the Other. The gift presupposes a subject recognizing his/her debt to the Other a subject who is well aware of his/her vulnerability and dependency, and is consequently driven by the desire to establish bonds and mutual belonging. In other terms, the giver is someone who is capable not only of acknowledging, but also appreciating the condition of being in debt, as he/she is motivated by a passion for the Other that promotes his/her selfenhancement and enrichment. Elena Pulcini is Full Professor of Social Philosophy at the Philosophy Department of Florence University. She has studied extensively the subject of passions, of modern individualism and social bonds. She is currently investigating the possible emotional foundation of a new ethic and proposes an innovative philosophy of caring. She is a member of the scientific committees of several Italian journals: Iride, La società degli individui, Iris, Politica e società. She is also among the coordinators of the Florence Seminar on Political Philosophy, and the Gallarate-Cortona Seminar of Critical Theory. She has co-founded the Social Philosophy Seminar (Florence-Turin- Rome) and is vice-president of the Bureau of MAUSS, the Anti-Utilitarian Movement in Social Science. She has authored a number of books including: L individuo senza passioni (2001), Il
3 potere di unire. Femminile, desiderio, cura (2003), La cura del mondo. Paura e responsabilità nell età globale (2009), all published by Bollati Boringhieri; and a study of envy, Invidia. La passione triste (il Mulino, 2011). 4. Friday, May 25, 9:15pm, piazza del Duomo - admission!3,00 Laura Boella e Gherardo Colombo Forgiveness: a gift that gives nothing but returns everything Forgiveness is one of the thorniest dilemmas of contemporary ethics. It is invoked with regard to offences, wrongs, individual misdeed, but often also to the evil perpetrated in the name of an idea of civilization, of a totalitarian ideology, of a religious faith, and even in legal matters. The etymology of the word forgiveness in Italian is connected with the idea of renouncing, for instance one s rights, or excusing something. But the term is also associated to the notion of disinterested, unconditional giving a giving which gives nothing but returns or restores everything. The essence of forgiveness is restoring the ability to act to someone who would otherwise remain forever entrapped in the deed performed: this someone is thus offered a chance to become something different from his past misdeed. So forgiveness really means that no-one can even be reduced to the sum of his or her failures. Forgiving thus not only means rebuilding a relationship that the offense destroyed, but also restarting life s game for the other. Laura Boella is a Professor of Moral Philosophy at the Università Statale of Milan. She has studied the major 20th-century female thinkers and is an expert on Hannah Arendt, Simone Weil, Maria Zambrano and Edith Stein. She has focussed on interpersonal relationships and on the feelings of sympathy, empathy, compassion. Among her most recent books are: Sentire l altro. Conoscere e praticare l empatia (2006), Neuroetica. La morale prima della morale (2008), all published by Raffaello Cortina; Credere oggi (with Enzo Bianchi, Il Margine, 2012). Gherardo Colombo is a retired judge, has led a number of major investigations by the Italian authorities on organized crime, corruption, terrorism and mafia. He is vice-president of Garzanti Publishers. His books include: Il vizio della memoria (Feltrinelli, 1998); Sulle regole (Feltrinelli, 2008); Sei Stato tu? La Costituzione attraverso le domande dei bambini (with A. Sarfatti, Salani, 2009); Democrazia (Bollati Boringhieri, 2011); Educare alla legalità (Salani, 2011); Il perdono responsabile (Ponte alle Grazie, 2011); Farla Franca (with Franco Marzoli, Longanesi, 2012). 5. Friday, May 25, 9:30pm, Teatro Bolognini - admission!3,00 Anna Bonaiuto e Stefano Bartezzaghi Il dono è un nodo, il regalo è una regola Gifts and exchanges are human ceremonials, and their functioning has such has been explained by anthropology. But being human, they are also prone to malfunction gifts failing to reach their destination, exchanges turning into misunderstandings all of this is the subject matter of literature, which is a gift of speech in its own right. The readings by the well-known stage and screen actress Anna Bonaiuto, and the puzzles and plays on words by Stefano Bartezzaghi will animate a performance that can be an opportunity to ask oneself about the relationships that gifts help establish and the rules governing the exchange of presents. Anna Bonaiuto is a stage actress, has worked with the greatest directors of Italian theatre, from Luca Ronconi to Toni Servillo. She also played unforgettable roles on the silver screen under the direction of Moretti, Corsicato, Avati, Cavani, Martone, and Sorrentino. She has received many awards including the Coppa Volpi (Venice 1993); the David di Donatello and the Nastro d Argento in 1995, the 2003 Ubu Prize as best Italian actress for Sabato, domenica e lunedì directed by Toni Servillo. Stefano Bartezzaghi is an expert of linguistic games, puzzles and their history. Since 2000 he writes a column on puzzles (Lessico e Nuvole) and one on linguistics (Lapsus) in la Repubblica. His books include: L elmo di don Chisciotte. Contro la mitologia della creatività (i Libri del Festival della Mente, Laterza, 2009); Non se ne può più. Il libro dei tormentoni (Mondadori, 2010); Come dire. Galateo della comunicazione (Mondadori, 2011); L orizzonte verticale. Invenzione e storia del cruciverba (2007), Scrittori giocatori (2010) and Una telefonata con Primo Levi (Centro Studi Primo Levi, 2012), all for Einaudi.
4 6. Saturday, May 26, 11am, piazza dello Spirito Santo - admission!3,00 Salvatore Natoli The logic of gift: is it always the useful versus the costless? Is giving for free a donation of a socially useful good? Almost everyone would answer is certainly is. If it were not, it would not bring any good, so it would be irrelevant or, worse still, exhibitionistic and futile. So usefulness is not necessarily opposed to costlessness, but is congruous to it although it does not coincide with it. This simple observation challenges the cliché opposition between useful and costless. Moreover, it counters that rhetoric of gift that pathetically equates it with a sort of inevitable spoliation. On the contrary, one cannot understand the nature and greatness of the gift unless the order and the value of usefulness is clarified with reference to the good. But this would demand a definition of usefulness which, contrary to common belief, does not coincide with the quest for personal advantage. Rather, it is an inclination to act without any quid pro quo for the common usefulness, thus for the common good. Spinoza called it generosity. Salvatore Natoli teaches Theoretical Philosophy at the Università Statale di Milano-Bicocca and the History of Ideas at the Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in Milan. He has contributed to many journals such as Prospettive settanta, Il centauro, Democrazia e diritto, Religione e società, Leggere, Bailamme and Metaxù. His books include: L esperienza del dolore. Le forme del patire nella cultura occidentale (1986); La felicità (1994); Dizionario dei vizi e delle virtù (1996); Parole della filosofia o dell arte di meditare (2004); La salvezza senza fede (2007) all published by Feltrinelli; La felicità di questa vita (Mondadori, 2001); Sul male assoluto. Nichilismo e idoli del Novecento (Morcelliana, 2006); La mia filosofia. Forme del mondo e saggezza del vivere (Ets, 2008); Il buon uso del mondo (Mondadori, 2010); and L edificazione di sé. Istruzioni sulla vita interiore (i Libri del Festival della Mente, Laterza, September 2010); I comandamenti. Non ti farai idolo né immagine (with Pierangelo Sequeri, il Mulino, 2011). 7. Saturday, May 26, 12am, Teatro Bolognini - admission!3,00 Salvatore Settis The environment a common good for future generations Environmental protection was proclaimed by some important verdicts by Italian courts as a primary and absolute value resulting from the combination of two articles of the Constitution of Italy: Art. 9 concerning landscape protection, and Art. 32 concerning the citizens right to health as individuals and as community. Both articles belong to the fundamental principles of the Italian state. They define a boundary that can and should become the bulwark of a strenuous defense of Italy s environment and its landscape. These principles are also connected to two important notions the rights of future generations and what we call community of life that still echo certain timehonored ethical, philosophical and legal ideas such as common good and publica utilitas. Not only the legal protection of the environment, bur more importantly, our responsibility as citizens fall under the rubric of common good. Salvatore Settis is Director of the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa, where he is a Professor of the History of Art and Classical Archaeology. He is the Director of the Laboratory of Analysis, Research, Protection, Technologies and Economy for cultural heritage. He was Visiting Professor at several European and American universities and served as a Director at the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles, as President of the Senior Council for Cultural and Landscape at the Italian Ministry of Culture. He is a member of the European Research Council, of the Advisory Board of the Enciclopedia Italiana, of the Committee of Experts for Research Policy at the Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Research. He has published several books including: Battaglie senza eroi (Electa, 1980), and for the publishers Einaudi his works include Italia S.p.A. L assalto al patrimonio culturale (2002), Artemidoro (2008), Artisti e committenti fra Quattrocento e Cinquecento (2010), Paesaggio Costituzione cemento (2010) and Azione popolare. Un manuale di autodifesa (2012). 8. Saturday, May 26, 3pm, Teatro Bolognini - admission!3,00 Mark Anspach The reciprocity of giving a circle to be nurtured Giving, receiving, exchanging: from the exchange of blows or insults to the exchange of congratulations or gifts, reciprocity seems to be a constant in human relations. What force is contained in the gift and compels the recipient to reciprocate it?, asked the anthropologist Marcel
5 Mauss. He found the answer in the Maoris spirit of the gift, but this is only the incarnation of the circle of human interactions. A relationship of reciprocity cannot be reduced to an exchange between two individuals: the relationship asserts itself as transcendent third party. The relationship may be good or bad, the circle virtuous or vicious. Mark Anspach will illustrate the shift from the vicious circle of vengeance to the virtuous one of gift and show, in the light of the current crisis, how the same mechanisms are at work behind the functioning of modern economy. Mark Anspach, the anthropologist, is originally from California but lives in France and in Italy. He works at the Paris Centre de recherche en épistémologie appliquée, and has studied economy and social science at Harvard before obtaining a Ph.D. in anthropology in Paris and in Literature in Stanford under René Girard, whose writing he has edited. Anspach s research focus is on the ritual aspects of violence and of exchange, and on social and cognitive mechanisms. Anspach contributes to the journal of MAUSS, the Anti-Utilitarian Movement in Social Science, and keeps a blog on the U.S. Website He has written A buon rendere. La reciprocità nella vendetta, nel dono e nel mercato (2007), and co-authored Che cos è il religioso? Religione e politica (published by Bollati Boringhieri in 2006) and Cosa significa donare? (with E. Sarnelli, D. Falcioni), published by Guida Editori in Saturday, May 26, 4pm, sala Maggiore Palazzo Comunale - admission!3,00 Fabio Dei Donating the body blood, altruism, and common good The gift of parts of one s body, such as blood, organs, stem cells, or mother s milk, is spreading increasingly thanks to the progress of biomedicine. Yet this is a very specific form of gift. In the anthropological tradition of Marcel Mauss, the gift is a form of exchange which establishes bonds between people. Here instead, except in particular cases, the donation is made anonymously: there should be no connection between donor and recipient, and no direct reciprocity is admitted. Donations are made to strangers. So what form of altruism is there behind the decision to donate parts of one s body? Neither utilitarian explanations of rational action nor anti-utilitarian theories can explain that. Rather, what is at play is a moral motive an especially strong one, since the body is involved that civil society associations succeed in conveying to goals and practices of common good. Fabio Dei is Professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Pisa. His main focus is on the epistemology of social sciences, and his reseaerch deals with themes of folk and mass culture in contemporary Italy. In the realm of studies on gift, he has coordinated a study funded by AVIS Tuscany on blood donations among migrants: its title is Il sangue degli altri. Culture della donazione fra gli immigrati stranieri in Italia (2007). Dei has also edited two books: Culture del dono (with M. Aria), published by Meltemi in 2008), and Il dono del sangue. Per un antropologia dell altruismo (with M. Aria, G. L. Mancini), published by Pacini in His books include: Ragione e forme di vita. Razionalità e relativismo in antropologia (with A. Simonicca), published by Franco Angeli in 1990; La discesa agli inferi: J. G. Frazer nella cultura del Novecento (Argo, 1998); Beethoven e le mondine. Ripensare la cultura popolare (2003), Antropologia della violenza (2005), both published by Meltemi. His new book, Introduzione all antropologia culturale, is about to be published by il Mulino. 10. Saturday, May 26, 5:30pm, piazza dello Spirito Santo - admission!3,00 Stefano Zamagni Without giving, economics are dismal and make people unhappy Why has the notion of gift been expunged from the economic discourse starting in the late 18 th century? Its disappearance has been accompanied from the elimination of certain other terms, such as fraternity, awkwardly confused with brotherhood and reciprocity and replaced by solidarity. What consequences has this move produced in our market societies in the past two centuries? And why have economists insisted in the last two decades on the principle of gift as of a new interpretive category? Stefano Zamagni explains how the main reason for this revival is a renewed interest in the theme of happiness. Can economics stop being the dismal science and become the science of public happiness again? And if so, upon what conditions? Stefano Zamagni is an Italian economist and is past president of the Agency for the Third Sector. He is Professor of Political Economy at the University of Bologna and at Johns Hopkins University, Bologna Center, and chairs the Steering Committee of the Higher School of Health Policies at the
6 University of Bologna. He is a member of the Academy of Sciences of Bologna, of the Lombard Institute of Sciences and Humanities in Milan, and of the New York Academy of Sciences. In 2010 he received an honorary degree in Economics from the F. de Vitoria University of Madrid. Also in 2010 he was awarded the Giorgio La Pira Prize for Peace. Among his many books are: Microeconomia (with Flavio Delbono, 1999); Economia civile (with Luigino Bruni, 2004); La cooperazione (with Vera Zamagni, 2008); Avarizia. La passione dell avere (2009), all published by il Mulino; Economia ed Etica (with Nicola Curci), published by La Scuola in 2009; Famiglia e lavoro (with Vera Zamagni), published by San Paolo in Saturday, May 26, 6:30pm, piazza del Duomo - admission!3,00 Fr. Enzo Bianchi The gift of hospitality The Other the true Other is not the person we choose to invite to our home (often in the hope of being invited in turn) but the person who emerges before us without being chosen, the person who simply comes by chance, for hospitality is a gift, it is a crossing of paths. The Other is the person standing in front of us as a presence that asks to be welcome in its irreducible otherness, irrespective of the ethnicity, the faith, the culture she belong to. The Other is a human being and this should be enough for us to welcome her. In other words, why accept the gift of hospitality? Because we are human, and so we can humanize our humanity. Each one of us is a guest of humankind inasmuch as he or she has been born. Consequently, hospitality is a response to that deep-seated vocation of man achieving one s humanity by welcoming the humanity of the other. Enzo Bianchi is the prior of the Bose monastic community. He has received an honorary degree in Church History from the university of Turin, and up until 2010 he has taught Biblical Theology at the Milan s Vita-Salute San Raffaele University. He regularly contributes to La Stampa, la Repubblica, Avvenire and Jesus. He was the founder of the Qiqajon press. He was part of the delegation sent by Pope John Paul II to Ha Moscow to bring Patriarch Alexis II the icon of the Mother of God of Kazan. In 2008 he took part in the Synod of Bishops on The Word of God as expert designated by Pope Benedict XVI. Bianchi is a member of the International Academy of Religious Sciences of Brussels and of the International Council of Christians and Jews of London. He has authored many text combining Christian spirituality and humanization paths: most recently, Ogni cosa alla sua stagione (Einaudi, 2010) and Una lotta per la vita. Conoscere e combattere i peccati capitali (San Paolo, 2011); I comandamenti. Ama il prossimo tuo (with Massimo Cacciari, il Mulino, 2011); Credere oggi (with Laura Boella, il Margine, 2012). 12. Saturday, May 26, 9pm, piazza del Duomo - admission!3,00 Corrado Augias and Fr. Virginio Colmegna The gift of freedom, the freedom of giving Personal relationships are a source of deep satisfaction when we give without expecting anything back when freedom is at the basis of our choices. In order to experience the joy of giving, said Carlo Maria Martini, we should not be anxious for ourselves: the personal ego should be strong enough. Love in solidarity presupposes the conquest of freedom. The well-known journalist and author Corrado Augias and Father Virginio Colmegna will discuss the gift of freedom and the freedom of giving. They will examine the risk and the effort that the difficult choice of freedom entails if freedom is understood in its loftiest and fullest meaning. They will investigate the conditions, events, and times of history that make that freedom possible, and comment on how easy it is to lose it. They will emphasize the importance of self-confidence in any exchange confidence in one s identity, in one s country, in one s bonds in daily life. The gift is a personal as well as a collective deed it concerns everyone. Whole countries can be selfish or on the contrary show solidarity, and the same goes for one part of the world vis-à-vis another. Corrado Augias is a journalist, an author, and a television host. He regularly contributes to La Repubblica newsdaily, and has been hosting the cultural show Le Storie Diario italiano on RAI channel 3. His books include: I segreti di Roma (2005), Inchiesta su Gesù (with M. Pesce, 2006), Leggere. Perché i libri ci rendono migliori, più allegri e più liberi (2007), Inchiesta sul cristianesimo (with R. Cacitti, 2008), Disputa su Dio e dintorni (with V. Mancuso, 2009), I segreti del Vaticano (2010), all published by Mondadori; Il disagio della libertà (Rizzoli, 2012). Father Virgilio Colmegna is a Catholic priest. In 1993 he was appointed by the then archbishop of Milan, Card. C. M. Martini, to head the Milan branch. He held the post until 2004, when he
7 became president of the Casa della carità Foundation. His books include: Cristiano di parola (with S. Landra, 2005), È bello per noi stare qui (with M. Mapelli, 2006), published by Centro Ambrosiano; Non per me solo (2011), and Parole nuove per la politica (edited by him and M.G. Guida, 2011) published by il Saggiatore. 13. Saturday, May 26, 9:30pm, Teatro Manzoni - admission!3,00 Daniel Pennac and Stefano Benni The gift of writing For the two writers Daniel Pennac and Stefano Benni, the gift of writing is also the gift of sharing with their readers, with whom they cultivate a relationship that goes over and beyond the written page, and that thrives on the stage that both of them often tread as actors. Inevitably, the two have established a special dialogue, and will discuss their work as two friends would. They will read passages from their most popular novels, and will offer the audience a preview of Pennac s latest book, Journal d un corps. Nothing is better than a book to create a bond between author and readers, between the characters, their stories, and the reader s imagination. The event will be held in cooperation with the Il Funaro cultural center. Daniel Pennac has won great acclaim in France and in the rest of the world for his extraordinary imagination and creativity. After spending his childhood between Africa, Europe and Asia, Pennac has taught for years at a Paris high school. He was awarded the Légion d honneur in He has authored a series of novels based upon the central character of Benjamin Malaussène. He has also written an essay on literature, Come un romanzo (1993). Feltrinelli has published all of his books including La fata carabina (1992), La lunga notte del dottor Galvan (2005), Diario di scuola (2008). His latest book, Journal d un corps, has just been published in France by Gallimard. Stefano Benni is one of Italy s most renowned authors. Wandering among the different genres novel, poetry, science fiction, drama and using a range of different languages, Benni has succeeded in elevating tragic-comic fiction from a structural and thematic element to a gesture of social criticism. His books include: Il bar sotto il mare (1987), La compagnia dei Celestini (1992), Bar Sport (1997), Le Beatrici (2011) published by Feltrinelli; La traccia dell angelo (Sellerio, 2011). 14. Sunday, May 27, 10:30am, Teatro Bolognini - admission!3,00 Maurizio Ferraris The given word from promise to wager It is night at the castle of Elsinore. The king s specter has told how things really went his brother killed him to usurp the Danish throne and his wife betrayed him then has taken leave from his son Hamlet. The latter has sworn not to forget and to avenge him, so his word is given. But what do we give when we give our word to others? A slightly paradoxical mechanism is at play: I give my word, but this word has value only inasmuch as it is no longer mine, because I have given it to someone else. It has become independent from my will since I cannot take it back, or else I will be a liar to say the least. The given word is therefore the foundation upon which we build our social realities, that is, all of those things from promises to wagers, from money to marriage, from war to economic crises from which the happiness or unhappiness of our lives depends. Maurizio Ferraris teaches Theoretical Philosophy at Turin University, where he directs the Labont (Ontology Laboratory). He is editor of the magazine Rivista di Estetica, associate editor of Critique and an editorial writer for the newspaper La Repubblica. He is Directeur d études at the Collège International de Philosophie, a Fellow of the Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America and of the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung Foundation, and Visiting Professor at the École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. He has written more than forty books translated in many languages, including: Storia dell ermeneutica (Bompiani, 1988); Estetica razionale (Cortina, 1997); Dove sei? Ontologia del telefonino (Bompiani, 2005,) winner of the Filosofico Castiglioncello e Documentalità Prize; Perché è necessario lasciar tracce (Laterza, 2009); and Ricostruire la decostruzione (Bompiani, September 2010); Estetica razionale (Raffaello Cortina, 1997); Filosofia per dame (Guanda, 2011); Anima e ipad (Guanda, 2011); Documentalità. Perché è necessario lasciar tracce (Laterza, 2009); Manifesto del nuovo realismo (Laterza, 2012).
8 15. Sunday, May 27, 11: 30am, piazza del Duomo - admission!3,00 Zygmunt Bauman Has Solidarity a Future? The term precariat replaced, simultaneously, the terms proletariat and middle class - both well beyond their use-by date, fully and truly zombie terms. What unites the precariat, integrating that exceedingly variegated aggregate into a cohesive category, is the condition of extreme disintegration, pulverization, atomization. Whatever their provenance or denomination, all precarians suffer and each suffers alone, each individual suffering being well-deserved individual punishment for individually committed sins of insufficient shrewdness and deficit of industry. Individually born sufferings are all strikingly similar: whether induced by a growing pile of utility bills and college fees invoices, miserliness of wages topped up by the fragility of available jobs and inaccessibility of solid and reliable ones, fogginess of longer-term life prospects, restless spectre of redundancy and/or demotion they all boil down to existential uncertainty: that awesome blend of ignorance and impotence, and inexhaustible source of humiliation. Such sufferings don t add up: they divide and separate the sufferers. They deny commonality of fate. They render calls to solidarity sound ludicrous. So, has solidarity a future? Zygmunt Bauman is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the universities of Leeds and Warsaw, and one of the leading thinkers of our time. He has written extensively on the globalized society, on individualization processes, on shifts in our definitions of public and private, and on the philosophical and moral impact of new capitalism. His notion of liquid modernity has influenced international research in sociology and cultural studies. Among his recent books available in Italian are: Individualmente insieme (Diabasis, 2008); La decadenza degli intellettuali (2007) and Modernità e ambivalenza (2010) published by Bollati Boringhieri; Modernità liquida (2002), Modus vivendi (2008), Paura liquida (2008), Consumo dunque sono (2008), Capitalismo parassitario (2009), L etica in un mondo di consumatori (2010), Vite che non possiamo permetterci (2011) were all published by Laterza; Mortalità, immortalità e altre strategie di vita (il Mulino, 2012). 16. Sunday, May 27, 3pm, Teatro Bolognini - admission!3,00 Chiara Frugoni Receiving and giving for St Clare and St Francis What did St Francis really mean when he wrote in the rule of his religious order that alms are an inheritance and a justice which is due to the poor? For St Francis, were alms-givers good, or were they returning part of what they had taken? Under what special circumstances did he allow his monks to use money? And what did St Clare give her sisters? What was her approach to money? For the two saints, charity and alms-giving no synonyms where the subject of in depth meditation on their relationship to others in the rich and sometimes ruthless society in which they lived. Chiara Frugoni, a scholar and an expert of the two saints, will use images to illustrate their lives and their thinking, which has not lost its exceptionally novel, modern character with the passing of time. Chiara Frugoni has taught Medieval History at the universities of Pisa and Rome Tor Vergata and in Paris. In the teaching of history, she has always made large use of pictures as well as texts. Among her books, which are translated into the main European languages as well as into Japanese and Korean, are: Francesco e l invenzione delle stimmate (Einaudi, 1993, Premio Viareggio); Storia di un giorno in una città medioevale (Laterza, 1997); Mille e non più mille. Viaggio fra le paure di fine millennio (with G. Duby, Rizzoli, 1999); Medioevo sul naso. Occhiali, bottoni e altre invenzioni medievali (2001), Una solitudine abitata: Chiara d Assisi (Laterza, 2006); L affare migliore di Enrico. Giotto e la cappella Scrovegni (2008), La voce delle immagini. Pillole iconografiche dal Medioevo (2010), Le storie di San Francesco. Guida agli affreschi della Basilica Superiore di Assisi (2010), Storia di Chiara e Francesco (2011), all published by Einaudi. 17. Sunday, May 27, 4pm, sala Maggiore Palazzo Comunale - admission!3,00 Luigino Bruni Gift and market conflict or alliance? Are we sure that the realm of gift begins there were the realm of the market ends, and vice-versa? Even though the gift-market relationship is often cast in this way by contemporary culture, it is easy to see that the divide between gift and market is very thin, and the two spheres are really intertwined. So much so that we find gift practices in businesses and in the markets in general, and
9 we see exchange structures within the typical practices of giving from the family to volunteer organizations. But there is more: one quick look at what is going on in terms of social innovation from micro-finance to fair trade, from social cooperation to the economy of communion will show that all ground-breaking experiences are hybrid, that is, mix and mingle gift and market in view of a common good. Luigino Bruni is Professor of Political Economy at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Milan-Bicocca. He is also deputy director of CISPES, deputy director of Econometica, an interuniversity research center on corporate ethics, director of the specialist course in Civil and No- Profit Economics. He coordinates the communion economy project and is a member of the ethics committee of Banca Etica. He is a commentator for the catholic newsdaily Avvenire. His current research focus is on the role of motives in economic and civil behavior, the virtues of the market, cultural evolution, civil and communion economy. His book Civil Happiness came in second at the 2008 Templeton Enterprise Awards. Among his other books are: Reciprocità (2006) and L ethos del mercato (2010), published by Bruno Mondadori; Microeconomia (with Leonardo Becchetti, Stefano Zamagni), published by il Mulino in 2010); and Le nuove virtù del mercato nell era dei beni comuni (Città Nuova, 2012). 18. Sunday, May 27, 5:30pm, piazza dello Spirito Santo - admission!3,00 Marino Niola Food the mystery of giving According to the myths and legends of various peoples, mankind stems from a gift the fire that Prometheus stole from the gods, the leavening that the Virgin Mary took from the Sybil. In all cases the acquisition is vital for civilization, it is a nourishment coming from the outside. Food and exchange are intertwined since the onset of Indo-European civilization, and reciprocity regulates the flow of social relations just as a floodgate would regulate the water flow. Between the two extremes of hospitality and hostility, the sharing of bread is what distinguishes companion (Latin cum-pane) from adversary, the Latin hostis in the sense of host from hostis in the sense of enemy. Even in our age, many forms of belonging revolve around food: food can symbolize identity as well as opposition, in a constant alternation of contact and contagion, gift and poison, measuring society s health. Marino Niola, a well-known anthropologist of contemporary times, is Professor of Anthropology of Symbols at the Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples, where he also heads a research lab on Mediterranean diet. His main research focus is the relationship between tradition and cultural change in contemporary societies and the persistence of myth in the contaminated forms of the present time. He is a member of the steering committee of AISEA, the Italian Association of Ethno-Anthropological Sciences. He is a frequent contributor to the newsdaily La Repubblica and writes a column entitled Today s Myths in its Friday supplement. He also contributes to Le Nouvel Observateur, Locarno s il caffè and Naples Il Mattino. Among his books are Totem e ragù. Divagazioni napoletane (Pironti, 2003); Don Giovanni o della seduzione (L Ancora del Mediterraneo, 2005); I Santi patroni (2007), Si fa presto a dire cotto. Un antropologo in cucina (2009), and Non tutto fa brodo (2012) published by il Mulino. 19. Sunday, May 27, 6:30pm, piazza del Duomo - admission!3,00 Alessandro Bergonzoni RE MI FA SOL LA SI? DO! In a performance mixing art and economy, ethics and poetics, the popular comedian Alessandro Bergonzoni addresses the unsuspected ties between certain words and terms which apparently designate opposite or conflicting notions. Alessandro Bergonzon is an author and actor. Among the things he has written for the stage: Madornale 33, Anghingù, La cucina nel frattempo, Le balene restino sedute, Non è morto né flic né floc. Books: Le balene restino sedute (Mondadori, 1989); È già mercoledï e io no (Mondadori, 1994); Il grande Fermo e i suoi piccoli Andirivieni (Garzanti, 1996); Opplero. Storia di un salto (Garzanti, 2003); Non ardo dal desiderio di diventare uomo finché posso essere anche donna bambino animale o cosa (Bompiani, 2005); Bastasse grondare (Scheiwiller, 2009). In 2011/2012 he is on stage with Urge.