1 Social insurance All you need to know about social security/ Pension system in Switzerland Status: January 2015
2 Group of persons Benefits Calculation basis for benefits Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance AHV/IV AHV/IV Mandatory insurance Persons who live or work in Switzerland Swiss citizens who work abroad for the federal government or organizations designated by the Federal Council Persons deployed abroad for a fixed contractual period Individual pension (full pension) Applicable average annual income: Contribution years Adjusted earned income (split income during marriage) Education and care credits A Minimum pension: CHF 14,100 per year Maximum pension: CHF 28,200 per year Supplementary benefits EL EL Foreigners with 10 and refugees and stateless persons with 5 Eligible persons Swiss citizens and foreigners living in Switzerland who draw an AHV/IV pension uninterrupted years of residence in Switzerland Citizens of EU and EFTA countries: The ten-year qualifying period is waived Subsistence minimum Difference between creditable income and recognized expenditures such as rent and standard living costs in the canton, etc. (subsistence minimum). E Occupational benefits BVG BVG Persons receiving daily unemployment benefits for the risks of Mandatory insurance Employees subject to AHV contributions as of Jan. 1 after their 17 th birthday with an annual AHV salary above CHF 21,150 death and disability Voluntary insurance Self-employed individuals Employees who work for several employers Retirement pension Accrued retirement assets multiplied by the applicable conversion rate Men: 6.80 % Women: 6.80 % B Accident insurance UVG UVG Voluntary insurance Mandatory insurance Employees working in Switzerland (with exceptions) Self-employed individuals (special rules apply to family members working in agriculture) Pensionable salary Daily benefits or pension based on the pensionable earnings Maximum CHF 126,000/no minimum U Health insurance KVG KVG Mandatory insurance Healthcare: Swiss residents for sickness, accident (unless covered under the UVG), and maternity Voluntary insurance Daily benefits: Swiss residents and/or gainfully employed persons between the ages of 16 and 65 for sickness, accident (unless covered under the UVG), and maternity (cf. EO/maternity allowance) Mandatory healthcare insurance Standardized benefits for all insured persons Voluntary daily benefits insurance Some choice in benefits (health insurers grant only modest daily benefits) K Unemployment insurance ALV ALV Exception Mandatory insurance All persons mandatorily insured under the AHV until retirement age Self-employed persons are not insured Pensionable salary Maximum CHF 126,000 (same as under the UVG) Not insured Salaries below the monthly minimum of CHF 500 (or CHF 300 for teleworkers) Military insurance MVG MVG Eligible persons Persons rendering military, civil defense/civilian service Persons who carry out off-duty military activities Participants in inofficial shooting practice events Pensionable salary Maximum CHF 150,918 Cumulated AHV/IV, MVG benefits (and BVG) may not exceed the full (90 % of BVG in some instances) pensionable salary (supplementary pension) M Loss of earnings compensation / maternity allowance EO EO Maternity allowance: On the date when the employee as Eligible persons Persons serving in the army, civil defense, civilian service, Youth and Sports program, course for young marksmen (for pay) defined by the ATSG gives birth; self-employed persons or persons working for cash wages in the family or partner operation, provided the person was covered under the AHVG at least 9 months and employed at least 5 months before the birth. Pensionable salary Maximum CHF 88,200 E The Federal Law on Family Allowances has been in force since January 1, Family allowances include child and training allowances as well as the birth and adopted child allowances that have been introduced in some cantons.
3 Temporary incapacity for work Treatment, care, recovery Permanent occupational disability HV/IV Daily benefits Depend on the income and the number of children Entitlement while the person is being reintegrated into the workforce Reintegration measures Aids Care allowance Pension Amount depends on disability level: From 40 %: quarter pension From 50 %: half pension From 60 %: three-quarter pension From 70 %: full pension A Disabled person s child s pension: 40 % of the disability pension L No benefits Compensation of ancillary services, such as the cost of: Dentist Own contributions Care to healthcare costs Aids Etc. Goal: Cover the minimum living standard as calculated from recognized expenditures (rent, living costs etc. that are customary for the canton). E VG No benefits during a one-year waiting period No benefits Pension Amount depends on disability level: From 40 %: quarter pension From 50 %: half pension From 60 %: three-quarter pension From 70 %: full pension (Beginning of pension on Jan. 1, 2007) B Disabled person s child s pension: 20 % of the disability pension VG Daily benefits 80 % of pensionable salary from the third day until the disability pension starts or until the person is again fit for work Medical costs Hospital fees in general ward Prescribed stay in a health spa Aids Transportation Rescue and funeral costs Pension Pension as per disability level (linear scale: 10 % to 100 %) Full pension is 80 % of the pensionable salary No supplementary pension for female spouses No disabled person s child s pension Supplementary pension If the person is also eligible for an AHV or IV pension: Supplementing the AHV/IV pension up to 90 % of the pensionable earnings Indemnity for physical or mental impairment Lump-sum payment depends on the degree of impairment (in percent). Maximum CHF 126,000 VG contributions), rehabilitation, hospital stays in general ward, contributions to transportation and rescue costs, prevention (various examinations and tests) Healthcare insurance An individual or a group insurance policy Examinations, treatments, out-patient care, in-patient/partial in-patient care in a nursing home, analyses, medicines, spa treatment (treatment costs and daily Maternity: Check-ups during and after the pregnancy, delivery and obstetrics, advice on breastfeeding if needed U K ALV Partial unemployment benefit 80 % of the effective loss of income for a maximum of 12 months within 2 years Justified registration with the cantonal office, normally at least 10 days prior to the start Unemployment benefit 80 % of the pensionable salary for a max. of 520 days 70 % for non-disabled unemployed persons without dependent children whose daily benefits exceed CHF 140 A VG Daily benefits 80 % of the pensionable salary Medical, hospital or home care Aids (e. g. prostheses) Reintegration into the workforce Care allowance Pension Amount depends on disability level: Full pension is 80 % of the pensionable salary M O Recruits, persons not gainfully employed: 25 % (CHF 62/day) Employed persons attending a refresher course of the army: 80 %, min. 25 % (CHF 62/day) Child allowance: 8 % (CHF 20/day) per child Single-term conscripts and persons undergoing specific training: Special rates Maternity allowance: 80 % of the pensionable salary for 14 weeks, maximum CHF 196/day E
4 Death before retirement Benefits after retirement Benefits adjustment HV/IV Widow s/widower s pension Retirement pension 80 % of the applicable retirement pension. Conditions: Men from age 65, women from age 64 Widows with child/children Childless widows, min. age 45, marriage lasted min. of 5 years Widower until youngest child turns 18 In registered partnerships, the survivors are treated the same as a widower. Orphans pensions 40 % of the applicable retirement pension Orphans who lost both parents: 2 40 % of the retirement pension (limited to 60 % of maximum pension) L Goal: Cover the minimum living standard as calculated from recognized expenditures (rent, living costs etc. that are customary for the canton). Individual pension: 100 % Married couple (two individual pensions), limited to: 150 %* Widow s/widower s pension: 80 %* Retired person s child s pension: 40 %* Early withdrawal: Max. 2 years Deferral: Max. 5 years. * of the individual pension Goal: Cover the minimum living standard as calculated from recognized expenditures (rent, living costs etc. that are customary for the canton). In accordance with changes in salary and cost of living (mixed index) Every 2 years Annually, provided the index is above 4 % The Federal Council can adjust benefits VG Conditions: Widow s/widower s pension: 60 %* Orphan s pension: 20 %* Duty to support a child/children, or At least age 45 and the marriage lasted at least 5 years Otherwise a single settlement equaling three annual pensions In registered partnerships, the survivors have equal status as spouses. * of the disability pension for which the insured was eligible. VG Widow s/widower s pension: 40 %* Pension for child who lost one parent: 15 %* Pension for child who lost both parents: 25 %* Cumulated maximum: 70 %* Conditions: Childless widows: Pension if at least age 45 or min. ² ³ disabled Otherwise: Single widow s settlement Childless widowers: Pension, if min. ² ³ disabled In registered partnerships, the survivors have equal status as spouses. *of the pensionable salary Retirement pension Men from age 65, women from age 64 Individual pension: 100 % Widow s/widower s pension: 60 %* Orphan s pension: 20 %* Retired person s child s pension: 20 %* Early withdrawal: Guidelines in accordance with the pension fund regulations. Deferral: Max. 5 years * of the individual pension Inflation-adjusted Inflation-adjusted VG Daily benefits insurance Individual or group insurance policy For one or several illnesses or accidents: 720 days within 900 days Maternity: Daily benefits if insured for 270 days prior to the birth. Daily benefits for 16 weeks, of which at least 8 weeks must be claimed after the birth. The agreed waiting period is deducted from the benefit period. LV Bad weather allowance 80 % of the effective lost earnings for maximum 6 months within 2 years Insolvency allowance 100 % of the pensionable salary for the last 4 months of the employment relationship Mandatory occupational benefits Survivor s and disability benefits if the conditions for ALV daily benefits are met and the coordinated daily wage limit is reached VG Widow s/widower s pension: 40 %* Pension for child who lost one parent: 15 %* Pension for child who lost both parents: 25 %* Max. for all survivors together: 100 %* In registered partnerships, the survivors have equal status as spouses. *of the pensionable salary O Retirement pensions are based on half of the current disability pension (40 % of the pensionable salary) Before AHV retirement age: Adjustments of pensions to the nominal wage index After AHV retirement age: Adjustment to the national consumer price index All information without guarantee. Status: January
5 Financing Contribution rates AHV/IV Employee and employer jointly AHV: 8.4 %, 1.4 %, EO: 0.5 % Self-employed individuals AHV/IV/EO: % 9.7 % Individuals without gainful employment Depending on assets, min. CHF 480, max. CHF 24,000 (considered as paid if the gainfully employed spouse, who is not yet eligible for a retirement pension, has paid at least twice the minimum amount). EL None Financial basis Employer and employee each pays half Self-employed individuals Individuals without gainful employment Public assistance No upper threshold for salaries subject to contributions (no salary maximum) Federal government and cantons BVG 0.08 % for supplements in case of an unfavorable age From age 25 7 % 18 % of the pensionable salary for retirement credits structure % for insolvencies, other payments into the Guarantee Fund, as well as contributions for risk insurance (death and disability) and administration costs The occupational benefits institution defines the contribution amounts so that the employer s contribution equals at least the total in contributions of its employees. UVG For occupational and non-occupational accidents, companies are divided into risk classes. Each risk class has different risk levels. Premiums for: Non-occupational accidents are debited from employees Occupational accidents are debited from employers Salary subject to premiums limited to CHF 126,000 (maximum salary) KVG Mandatory healthcare Premiums, irrespective of gender or age on enrollment Lower premiums for children until their 18th birthday as well as for young people between the age of 19 and 25 Cantonal and regional levels Daily benefits insurance Based on special age levels ALV Up to CHF 126,000: 2.2 % of the pensionable salary. For higher incomes, an additional solidarity contribution of 1 % for salary components starting from CHF 126,001 Mandatory healthcare Premiums of insured persons, cost participation in the form of an annual excess and deductible for out-patient and inpatient treatments Contributions by the federal government and the cantons to lower the premiums for insured persons on a low income Daily benefits insurance Premiums of insured persons Employee and employer Each pays half of the contributions MVG None Federal government EO Employee and employer Jointly: 0.5 % for EO Employee and employer Each pays half of the contributions.
6 Pension and insurance matters demand individual attention. AXA shows you fresh alternatives and delivers relevant solutions. Arrange for an advisory meeting without obligations still today. This is only a translation, in case of legal disagreements the original German version alone is binding AXA Winterthur General-Guisan-Strasse 40 P.O. Box Winterthur 24-hour telephone: AXA Life Ltd
7 State pensions All you need to know about Pillar 1/ Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (AHV/IV) in Switzerland Status: January 2015
8 Contents Pillar 1 of the Swiss pension system 3 Obligation to pay AHV/IV contributions 4 Level of contributions 6 Contribution period and contribution gaps 7 Entitlement to a personal pension 8 Education and care credits 10 Income splitting 12 Date of retirement 13 Benefits at retirement age 14 Disability benefits 15 Benefits in the event of death 16 Other important aspects 18 AXA offers no guarantees for the completeness or accuracy of the information in this publication. The laws and ordinances currently in force are binding in each case. January 2015.
9 Pillar 1 of the Swiss pension system/ Old Age, Survivors (AHV) and Disability Insurance (IV) in Switzerland makes up one element of the three-pillar concept, which is anchored in the constitution. The insurance involves a generational contract whereby the working population finances the pensions currently in force. Pillar 1 constitutes a state pension, the aim of which is to secure the livelihood of pensioners, persons with disabilities, and surviving spouses. 1 However, economic and especially demographic developments in Switzerland have led to a situation in which securing a livelihood under a state pension becomes possible only in connection with supplementary benefits (EL). Switzerland s pension system Needs-oriented pensions Pillar 1 State pensions Mandatory Pillar 2 Occupational benefits insurance Voluntary Pillar 3 Private pensions AHV/IV Supplementary benefits (EL) Mandatory benefits BVG/UVG Extra-mandatory benefits Tied pension (Pillar 3a) Flexible pension (Pillar 3b) Responsibility of the government AHV/IV contributions Employer and employee: each 50 % Self-employed persons and those not gainfully employed: 100 % self-funded EL contributions Funded with federal and cantonal tax money Responsibility of the employer UVG contributions Employer: Occupational accidents Employee: Non-occupational accidents BVG contributions Employer and employee: Employer contributions must equal at least the total contributions of all employees. Self-employed persons: 100 % self-funded Responsibility of the individual 100 % self-funded (to close individual pension gaps) Retirement pension Child s pension Disability pension Disabled person s child s pension Widow s/widower s pension Orphan s pension Daily benefits Retirement pension/capital Retired person s child s pension Disability pension Disabled person s child s pension Widow s/widower s pension Orphan s pension Insurance or banking solution Any other savings and assets 1 Art. 111 para. 1 of the Swiss Constitution serves as the legal basis 3
10 Obligation to pay AHV/IV contributions/ As a rule, retirement (AHV), disability (IV), income compensation (EO), and unemployment (ALV) contributions must be deducted from every salary payment in Switzerland. This applies without restrictions to employees from the age of 17. The obligation to pay contributions ends when the person reaches the statutory retirement age (women age 64/men age 65). Persons subject to mandatory insurance All persons domiciled in Switzerland Persons who are gainfully employed in Switzerland Swiss citizens who work abroad for the federal government or for organizations designated by the Federal Council Voluntarily insured persons Under certain conditions, the following persons can continue their insurance or take out AHV/IV insurance voluntarily: Persons who are stationed abroad by a Swiss company. Enrollment is subject to approval by their employer Swiss citizens and citizens of EU or EFTA member states who reside outside the EU or an EFTA country, provided they were mandatorily insured for at least 5 years without interruption directly prior to withdrawing Employed persons Beginning: on January 1 after the 17 th birthday End: when no longer gainfully employed, at the earliest when reaching regular AHV retirement age Persons who continue to work after having reached regular AHV retirement age must continue to pay contributions, but only for the portion of earnings that exceeds CHF 1,400 a month or CHF 16,800 a year. 4
11 Persons not gainfully employed Beginning: on January 1 after the 20 th birthday End: when reaching regular AHV retirement age In order to avoid gaps in contributions, spouses and widows/widowers who are not gainfully employed must contact the cantonal compensation fund of their municipality. Persons who are disabled or retire early are also considered to be not gainfully employed. Similarly, spouses not gainfully employed and widowed persons are also liable for contributions. If the employed spouse has paid at least double the AHV/IV/EO minimum amount (2 CHF 480 = CHF 960), the contributions of the spouse who is not gainfully employed are deemed to have been paid. This rule also applies if the employed spouse has already reached AHV retirement age. Persons who retire early Persons who retire early must continue to pay AHV/IV/EO contributions until they reach regular retirement age. Here, a distinction is made between the following situations when calculating the contributions that are due: No further disability: Contributions are calculated the same way as for persons not gainfully employed Part-time work: If, during a calendar year, contributions (from employer and employee) exceed half of those of persons not gainfully employed, the contributions for employed persons are owed for the entire year. Individuals who pay contributions or draw benefits receive an AHV card with a 13-digit social security number, which is issued once in Switzerland and never changes. It consists of three parts: A code for Switzerland (756) plus a 9-digit random number and check digit.
12 Level of contributions/ The solidarity concept of Pillar 1 also applies when it comes to calculating contributions. Persons with a higher income will pay higher contributions than are needed to finance their pensions, while those with lower incomes will draw more benefits than they earned based on their contributions. In other words, funds from the haves are transferred to the have-nots. Persons who are gainfully employed in full or in part Employees and employers each pay half of the AHV, IV and EO contributions. The corresponding contribution rates are calculated as a percentage of the gross salary. AHV/IV/EO contribution rates AHV 8.4 % IV 1.4 % EO (income compensation) 0.5 % Total 10.3 % Persons not gainfully employed The amount in contributions for persons not gainfully employed is calculated based on their assets and their annual income from pensions multiplied by 20 (without IV and EL benefits). The contributions of married persons are calculated based on half of the matrimonial assets and pension income, irrespective of the matrimonial property scheme. Annual AHV/IV/EO contributions Self-employed persons The contribution rate depends on the annual income. Amount of AHV/IV/EO contributions Annual income Minimum contribution <CHF 9,400 CHF 480 Annual income starting from Contribution scale CHF 9,400 up to from % CHF 56,399 up to % Annual income Contribution rate CHF 56, % Minimum contribution CHF 480 Maximum contribution CHF 24,000 6
13 Contribution period and contribution gaps/ Each missing contribution year will lead to a reduction in benefits. For this reason, it is important to close existing contribution gaps within 5 years. The compensation fund will provide an account statement for reviewing the situation free of charge. Complete contribution period Men: 44 contribution years (retirement age is 65) Women: 43 contribution years (retirement age is 64) In order to prevent contribution gaps arising from early retirement, all annual contributions must continue to be paid up to December 31 of the year preceding regular retirement age. Closing contribution gaps By paying additional AHV/IV/EO contributions up to a maximum of 5 years from when the gap arose By factoring in contribution years that lie more than 5 years in the past by the AHV (education/care years, adolescent years contribution periods in the year in which the pension falls due, or additional years) Education /care credits Contribution gaps cannot arise in the years during which a person has children below age 16 or looks after a close relative. However, individuals must continue to pay contributions in each case. Periods with education and care credits will be factored in as contribution time only if individually owed contributions can no longer be demanded. Adolescent years The contribution period relevant for calculating the full contribution term starts on January 1 after the person s 20 th birthday. Persons who started paying AHV/IV/EO contributions on January 1 after their 17 th birthday can use these contribution periods to cover contribution gaps. The same applies to persons who are eligible for education or care credits after their 17 th birthday. Contributions during the year of the pension case The period defining the complete duration of contributions but not the obligation to pay them ends on December 31 before the year in which a pension case begins (retirement age, start of a disability, death). Credits from contribution periods in the year in which a pension case began can be applied to fill a contribution gap. Earned income during this period will not be included when calculating the pension. Additional years A person who has pension gaps dating back before January 1, 1979, will receive up to 3 additional contribution years. Full contribution Additional years contribution years that can be included years Up to 1 year years Up to 2 years From 34 years Up to 3 years 7
14 Entitlement to a personal pension/ The entitlement to a pension is calculated according to the person s individual account by taking into consideration their earned income. Calculating the AHV/IV pension Each person is entitled to an individual pension from the AHV (single pension). Each spouse receives one retirement / disability pension. The amount of a single pension is calculated based on earnings and the contribution period. Persons who looked after children below age 16 or who provided care to relatives are also eligible for education and care credits. Individual account An individual account contains a record of all the income a person earns from January 1 after their 17 th birthday up to regular retirement age. This serves as the basis for calculating a retirement, survivors or disability pension. Revaluation factor The average income is adjusted to price and salary developments by using a revaluation factor and by including any education and care credits. Accordingly, earned income in years of low salary levels will receive a higher weighting. The decisive factor is the first contribution that is credited to the individual account between January 1 following the person s 20 th birthday and the date when the early or regular retirement pension starts. Full or partial pension Persons who have contributed for the full period will also receive the full pension. The amount depends on the relevant average annual income. If the contribution period is incomplete a partial pension is paid. AHV pensions per year Individuals Minimum CHF 14,100 Maximum CHF 28,200 Married couples Minimum CHF 28,200 Maximum CHF 42,300 8
15 Adjustment for inflation The pension amount or the increase of a pension in force is determined based on the pension index (hybrid index), which is calculated using 50 % of the nominal salary index calculated by the Federal Statistical Office and 50 % of the Swiss consumer price index. As a rule, pensions are adjusted every 2 years as of January 1. This differs from earlier times when the Swiss consumer price index increased by more than 4 % within a year. Calculation of the AHV/IV pension The pension formula is used to calculate the pension on the basis of the relevant average annual income. Earned income Revaluation factor Contribution years + Education credits + Care credits Contribution years = Relevant average annual income Number of employed persons for 1 pensioner A decreasing number of workers support an ever increasing number of penioners. Number of employed persons per pensioner 6 5: : : As of 2014, forecast by FSO
16 Education and care credits/ Education and care credits will increase the relevant average annual income, and this leads to a larger pension. Whereas education credits are added automatically, care credits must be claimed in writing annually. Education credits Education credits are applied to persons responsible for children below the age of 16. Here, the number of years and not the number of children is decisive. In the first child s year of birth, no edu - cation credits are applied; in the year in which the youngest child turns 16, the full amount in education credits are applied. Each spouse is entitled to half of the amount. This also applies to unmarried or divorced parents, provided they share childcare responsibilities equally. The decision of whether to share half of the education credits rests with the court, the child and adult protection authority, or the parents themselves based on an agreement. In the absence of any agreement, the mother is entitled to the full education credits. The compensation fund applies education credits automatically when calculating pensions. They equal three times the minimum AHV pension at the time when entitlement to the pension begins (3 CHF 14,100 = CHF 42,300). Education credits will increase the relevant average annual income, and this leads to a larger pension. However, the credits will raise AHV/IV benefits at the most to the maximum pension of CHF 28,200 a year. Education credits Birth of 1 st child, 1975 Birth of 2 nd child, 1979 Birth of 3 rd child, Non-eligibile education years Eligibile education years (26 CHF 42,300 = CHF 1,099,800) Effective education period 10
17 Care Persons who look after relatives are eligible for care credits, provided the following requirements are met: The relatives require assistance and receive care allowance for a moderate or severe disability from the AHV, IV, accident, or military insurance. Care contributions for children below the age of 18 with moderate or severe disabilities are treated the same way as the care allowance. The decisive factor is the number of years during which care is provided, not the number of persons. While no credit applies in the year when care starts, the year in which care ends will receive the full amount in credits that are due. Care credits equal three times the minimum AHV pension at the time when entitlement to the pension begins (3 CHF 14,100 = CHF 42,300). An application for the care credits must be filed each year with the cantonal compensation fund of the care recipient s community. The yearly application is important because, unlike in the case of education credits, it is very difficult to verify a claim that dates back 10 or more years. Retroactive applications can be considered for a period of 5 years. If several persons are involved in providing care, the care credit will be divided among them. Entitlement Entitlement to education or care credits is not contingent on whether the person is gainfully employed or not. If, in a particular year, the conditions for both credits are met, only the education credit will be applied. 11
18 Income splitting/ According to the concept of income splitting, which was introduced in 1997, half of the income each spouse earns during the marriage is credited to the other spouse. Divorced persons In the case of divorcees, earned income is divided either at the time of the divorce at the request of the spouse (joint or individual application by the spouses) or by virtue of the office when a pension case starts. Time of the split As a rule, the earned income of the spouses is split if both are entitled to a pension. As long as only one spouse is eligible for a pension, the pension will be calculated without the split. Widowed persons For persons who are widowed, earned income will be split only once entitlement to a retirement or disability pension begins. Division of income and credits In order to calculate the relevant average income per year of a married, divorced or widowed person, earned income achieved by both spouses during the marriage is split and each half is then credited to the individual AHV account. Any education and care credits earned during the years of the marriage are divided as well. Calculation of pensions for married couples Woman All earned income 50 % of own earned income 50 % of husband s earned income 50 % of the education/care credits Woman s pension Man All earned income 50 % of own earned income 50 % of wife s earned income 50 % of the education/care credits Man s pension Before the marriage During the marriage 12
19 Date of retirement/ Instead of statutory retirement at the age of 64/65, insured persons can ask to have their retirement pension start as much as two years early or have it deferred by up to five years. Spouses can set the date of their pension payments separately. Early retirement Men and women can retire 1 or 2 years before reaching regular retirement age. Persons whose retirement pension begins early will experience a lifelong reduction in the amount of the pension. The pension of men and women is reduced by 6.8 % for each year of early retirement. Pension deferral Men and women who are entitled to a retirement pension can defer it by a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years. Deferral will cause the pension to increase by a pro rata supplement depending on the duration of the deferment (deferment of 1 year = supplement of 5.2 %, deferment of 5 years = supplement of 31.5 %). There are no restrictions to starting the pension during this time. Pension reductions and increases with flexible retirement Number Pension reduction Pension increase of years Early retirement % % Regular retirement 2015 (women born in 1951/men born in 1950) Deferred retirement % % % % % (Status 2015) 13
20 Benefits at retirement age/ Regular retirement starts at age 64 for women and at age 65 for men. If contributions were paid for the full duration, the full pension amounts to a minimum of CHF 1,175 and a maximum of CHF 2,350 per month, depending on the average income. Retirement pension Every person is entitled to a pension from the AHV. The individual pension is at least CHF 14,100 and at the most CHF 28,200 a year. Entitlement to a retirement pension begins on the first day of the month following the month in which the person reaches regular retirement age. The retirement pension can in certain cases be drawn early or deferred. Pension supplement If a person is eligible for both a retirement pension and a widow s/widower s pension, the larger of the two will be paid. Widows/widowers are entitled to a 20 % supplement to their retirement pension. The pension plus this supplement may not exceed the maximum retirement pension (CHF 28,200). Child s pension Persons providing childcare who draw a retirement pension are eligible for a child s pension for each child below age 18 (or until the child has completed training; at the most until age 25). The pension equals 40 % of the retirement pension. Ceilings Both retirement pensions of spouses are reduced (capped) if the total exceeds 150 % of their maximum AHV pension (150 % of CHF 28,200 = CHF 42,300). If both parents draw a pension, the child s pension will be reduced if the total exceeds 60 % of the maximum retirement pension (60 % of CHF 28,200 = CHF 16,920). 14
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