NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations"

Transcription

1 NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations Total Cost of Ownership Comparison with Optical Fiber By Frank Rayal VP, Product Management BLiNQ Networks Inc. WHITEPAPER October 22, 2010

2 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Mobile Backhaul Options... 3 BLiNQ Networks Solution Overview... 5 Cost of Spectrum... 6 Comparative Analysis to Fiber Backhaul... 8 Conclusion NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 2

3 Introduction Mobile network operators (MNOs) are increasingly focused on meeting the explosive demand for data services. Deploying next generation systems, acquiring additional spectrum and offloading data traffic from the mobile network are a few ways that MNOs have used to increase the offered capacity. Deploying small, below-the-clutter cells is another well tried technique that has been used repeatedly to solve the capacity hot spot problem as well as to provide service in coverage holes in mobile networks that were designed primarily to carry voice traffic. The mobile Internet, and corresponding data traffic, is expected to further increase the requirement for small cell deployment as no one solution can single-handedly meet the capacity demand forecast. However, there are technical and economic constraints that prevent network operators from deploying small cells: backhaul is one such constraint. BLiNQ Networks recognizes that eliminating the backhaul problem would provide MNOs a decisive tool in their quest to scale network performance to meet the demands of the mobile Internet. BLiNQ s product portfolio comprises solutions specifically targeted at backhaul applications for small cells that are deployed below the building clutter as would be the case in urban areas where capacity demand is highest and coverage requirements are hardest to meet. The products provide high capacity point-to-multipoint links in a non-line-of-sight deployment configuration. Furthermore, the products implement interference detection and mitigation techniques to reduce interference in the backhaul network thereby gaining capacity and performance. This paper describes BLiNQ s value proposition for wireless operators and compares the total cost of ownership of NLOS wireless backhaul to that of optical fiber. Mobile Backhaul Options Different backhaul options have been used for wireless base stations. Each option has its economic and technical advantages and disadvantages. These options can be summarized as follows: 1- Leased-lines: Provide a dedicated channel and symmetric data rate. A leased line, in the form of copper T1/E1 line, have data rate of 1.544/2.048 Mbps. Although leased lines have been widely used in mobile backhaul, they are increasingly becoming unsuitable for the following reasons: a. Multiple T1/E1 s are required per cell site to support the capacity requirements of 3G (e.g. HSPA) and 4G (LTE) cell sites. Figure 1 shows the peak throughput for UMTS evolution. Although these are peak rates at the physical layer and highly unlikely to be reached in practice, the number of required leased lines will increase correspondingly. b. T1/E1 lines are leased at rates that can easily reach $1,000 per month per line (pricing depends on location and service provider). This makes the annual cost of backhaul for a single 3G/4G base station extremely high. c. Leased lines are fundamentally a TDM technology (Time Domain Multiplexing) while recent 3G and 4G base stations are based on Ethernet/IP technology. A special interface NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 3

4 (e.g. pseudowire) is required in this case which further adds cost to leased line backhaul deployments. The above reasons make leased lines an unattractive method to backhaul 3G/4G wireless base stations. Industry experts concur that leased lines will play a limited role in backhauling future wireless base stations. Figure 1 UMTS Evolution Peak Data Rates. 2- Microwave Backhaul: Microwave backhaul typically operates at frequencies above 6 GHz (typically GHz) and requires line-of-sight between the two backhaul nodes. It is also a point-to-point solution. Microwave backhaul can provide high data rates starting from a few hundreds of Mbps and functions over relatively long range. It has been used significantly for mobile backhaul applications particularly by non-incumbent operators and those in emerging markets as microwave backhaul is quick to deploy and offers a competitive business case. Unfortunately, traditional microwave is not suitable where a base station is mounted below the surrounding building clutter: in non-line-of-sight conditions obstacles between the two backhaul nodes (e.g. buildings, trees, etc.) attenuate the power received by the remote node and distort the signal such that communication is not possible. Traditional microwave is not an option in backhauling small cell sites where clearance of the first Fresnel zone is not possible. 3- Fiber Backhaul: Fiber, where present, offers ample bandwidth: it meets the capacity requirements of next-generation wireless base stations. However, fiber can be expensive to provide in areas where it is not already available. The cost of installing fiber (trenching, right-ofway) can be prohibitive in exactly the same areas where small base stations are required such as in the dense urban core, as shown in Table 1. The cost of leasing fiber is also high and can range from several hundred dollars to over $1,000 per month. Additionally, fiber deployment time can be lengthy resulting in delays in bringing a new cell site on air. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 4

5 Table 1 Typical Cost of Fiber. Deployment Costs (per meter; Includes right of way and renovation construction works) Fiber Cost (per meter; includes cable, connector, & testing) Aerial $4.5-$11.5 Rural $10-$30 Trenching Suburban $30-$100 Urban $80-$230 $5-$12 In summary, fiber is the only feasible alternative to backhaul small cell sites as it has none of the technical issues of traditional microwave and offers higher capacity than leased lines. However, the business case for fiber is not always competitive, particularly in areas where fiber is not available. In addition to economics, the current lack of alternative solutions to fiber provides a significant competitive advantage to incumbent operators: they have the incentive to expand fiber networks at the expense of competing MNOs. Table 2 Applicability of Backhaul Options to Compact Base Stations. Leased Line LOS Microwave Fiber Capacity NLOS Operation Not Applicable Not Applicable Fiber is the only feasible alternative to backhaul next generation wireless base stations. BLiNQ Networks Solution Overview BLiNQ s solution comprises a point-to-multipoint (PMP) backhaul solution that operates in non-line-ofsight conditions (NLOS). The solution operates in time domain duplex access mode (TDD) in licensed band frequencies below 6 GHz. Spectrum in bands such as 2.3 GHz, 2.5 GHz and GHz is available at relatively low prices. The solution combines the latest innovations in physical and medium access layer techniques to provide high capacity backhaul links for compact base stations. Managed Adaptive Resource Allocation (MARA), a key BLiNQ intellectual property which comprises interference reduction to increase capacity, provides valuable contributions to the operator s business case. Table 2Table 3 outlines some of the key features of BLiNQ s solution and summarizes their impact on the operator s business case. Table 3 BLiNQ Solution Features and Contribution to Operator's Business Case. Feature Description Impact on Business Case Interference Detection Interference Mitigation Maps interference between backhaul clusters and provides RF and field operation engineers with valuable tools for speedy deployment and network planning. Eliminates co-channel interference between interfering links in different backhaul clusters. OFDMA/NLOS OFDMA physical layer provides a Reduce operational expenditure by shortening the design cycle and providing tools for troubleshooting the network. Reduce capital expenditure requirements for spectrum acquisition. 1- Reduce opex by allowing deployment NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 5

6 Spatial Multiplexing / MIMO SON Point-to- Multipoint Sub 6 GHz Licensed Spectrum Small Form Factor high-speed robust link in NLOS conditions by using narrow-band carriers to span a wide-bandwidth frequency channel. Doubles the link capacity over singleantenna systems and increases the robustness of the communication channel. Allows the backhaul network to reconfigure itself as the network of compact base stations grows. Backhaul multiple compact base stations to one central location. Operates in TDD mode in bands such as 2.3 GHz, 2.5 GHz and GHz. Low-weight (< 3.5 kg), small footprint (20x30 cm) allows for a one-person install within 30 minutes on light poles and other small structures. in hard to reach areas, particularly where fiber is not available. 2- Shorten time to air for new cell sites and provide faster revenue generation. Reduce capex by doubling the spectral efficiency: requires half the spectrum to backhaul the same amount of data without MIMO. Reduce opex requirements related to initial deployment, on-going maintenance and troubleshooting. Reduce capex and opex by reducing the number of hub sites to backhaul data into the core network. Reduce capital expenditure for spectrum acquisition. Reduce operational expenditure associated with installation, deployment and maintenance. Cost of Spectrum As stated, BLiNQ solutions operate in sub-6 GHz licensed bands which have several technical advantages which include: 1- Robust propagation channel that is not affected by environmental factors such as rain and fog, and less affected by physical obstacles such as buildings and trees. 2- Controlled interference environment given that all transmitters belong to the same wireless operator allowing frequency planning. Most importantly, in the last few years, several sub 6-GHz bands have become available for use by fixed access networks, primarily WiMAX. As such, there is an abundance of such bands available in areas where fixed access networks did not gain traction: dense urban cores of developed markets where today s 3G services are most utilized. On a worldwide basis, spectrum in the 2.3, 2.5 and GHz bands have fetched very low valuations in recent years, especially when compared with prime access spectrum which is characteristically FDD in sub 2.1 GHz bands (700 MHz, 800/900 MHz, 1700 MHz, 1800/1900 MHz and 2.1 GHz). Table 4 samples the results of recent spectrum auctions and shows that prime spectrum bands for backhaul in 2.6 and 3.x GHz are typically priced at around $0.01-$0.03 per MHz-PoP, sharply lower than prime paired spectrum for access bands which typically fetch over $0.5 per MHz-PoP, or over 25 times the price. Table 4 lists some specific licenses and their corresponding prices. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 6

7 Table 4 Results of Recent Spectrum Auctions. Country Year Band (MHz) Type Average Cost Comment (per MHz-PoP) Germany Paired Access band Germany Unpaired Prime backhaul band Germany Paired 0.73 Prime access band Germany Paired Prime backhaul band Italy Paired Prime backhaul band USA Paired $0.7 Prime access band USA Paired $0.54 Prime access band India Unpaired $0.17 Access or Backhaul India Paired $0.39 Prime access band Greece 3500 Paired Prime backhaul band Poland 3700 Paired Prime backhaul band Table 5 List of Selected Frequency Licenses. Country Operator Frequency Band Channel Size Price Germany Vodafone 2.6 GHz 2x5 MHz 18,948,000 Germany Vodafone 2.6 GHz 1x5 MHz 9,051,000 Germany Clearwire 3.5 GHz 2x21 MHz 20,000,000 USA Verizon 700 MHz 2x11 MHz $4,741,807,000 UK UK Broadband 3.5 GHz 2x20 MHz 7,000,000 Netherlands WorldMax 3.5 GHz 20 MHz 4,000,000 Austria WiMAX Telecom 3.5 GHz 2x28 MHz 40,700,000 Greece Cosmotel 3.5 GHz 2x14 MHz 20,475,000 Poland Clearwire 3.6 GHz 2x14 MHZ PLN 1,400,000 Canada Several 3.5 GHz 2x25 MHz $11,240,615 The cost of spectrum is an important factor in calculating the total cost of ownership. National or regional licenses can be obtained, depending on national regulations. Therefore, it is possible to purchase a license for regions with major cities (where mobile backhaul is desired) while foregoing licenses in regions where population is less dense (where fixed access networks can be more valuable for lack of Internet connectivity alternatives). Based on the prices above, licenses for 10 MHz of spectrum can cost as low as a few hundred thousand dollars or as high as twenty million dollars for a nation-wide license in a developed market. These licenses are typically issued for twenty years. The cost of spectrum must be included in the TCO calculations for a valid comparison with fiber backhaul. The cost of spectrum must then be spread over all the backhaul units deployed in a market. To simplify the calculations, we focus on determining the number of wireless backhaul nodes that lead to breakeven in total cost of ownership with fiber backhaul. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 7

8 Comparative Analysis to Fiber Backhaul We focus our analysis on comparing two fundamental cases: 1- Deployment of compact base stations with fiber backhaul (base case). 2- Deployment of compact base stations with NLOS wireless backhaul solution. For the purpose of this analysis, fiber is assumed to be available close to the desired site location, hence, only a nominal setup fee will be incurred by the wireless operator. The majority of expenses are operational expenses related to leasing the fiber cable as shown in Table 6. Table 6 Cost of Operating a Fiber Backhaul Connection. Setup Fee $1,500 One-time fee to setup a fiber connection. Average cost of leasing fiber for 10 Mbps capacity in urban Monthly Expense $1,000 area. The assumptions for NLOS solution are outlined in Table 7. Table 7 Capital and Operational Expenditure Assumptions for NLOS Product. Capital Expenditure Backhaul Module $1,800 Includes backhaul module, antennas, cables and other ancillary elements. Installation $350 Used for Hub or Remote Backhaul Module installation. Accounts for field services to prepare and install the unit on a pole. RF Engineering $150 Per link charge for RF engineering design services to ensure proper deployment and configuration of NLOS wireless link. Implementation $250 Per link charge used to cover project management and other Services services related to implementing and deploying the product. Operational Expenditure Pole Lease $30 Monthly charge to lease space on a pole to mount the NLOS Hub and Remote Backhaul Modules. Support & 15% Annual percentage of solution price. Covers product software Software Field Operations $50 Flat Rate Power $7 updates & support. Annual charge per node to cover expense of field operations personnel. This is a marginal cost as Field Operations are also required for compact base stations. Monthly cost incurred to provide electrical power to the backhaul node. Backhaul Costs $1,500 Monthly cost to provide fiber backhaul service at the hub site. Assumes hub sites are selected where fiber is already available. For all financial calculations, we assumed a 2% inflation rate and a 12% weighted average cost of capital (WACC). The cost of operating fiber backhaul to a single compact base station site is shown in Table 8 based on the assumptions presented in Table 6. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 8

9 Table 8 Example of Total Cost of Ownership for Fiber Backhaul. Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Total Net Present Value 13,500 10,929 9,953 9,064 8,255 51,700 Figure 2 shows the number of nodes (compact base stations) where the NLOS wireless backhaul solution is deployed to achieve total cost of ownership breakeven with fiber backhaul. For instance, given 4:1 PMP ratio (four compact base stations backhauled to one NLOS hub module) and $20 million cost of spectrum license (20 years), it requires 172 compact base stations to achieve breakeven in the total cost of ownership. As expected, the number of breakeven nodes increases with lower PMP ratio. So, for the same parameters, it requires 472 nodes to achieve breakeven with fiber, while it requires only 144 nodes for breakeven in 6:1 configuration. Figure 2 Number of Nodes to Achieve Breakeven in the 5-year TCO with Fiber Backhaul. Table 9 shows the 5-year total cost of ownership for the NLOS and the fiber backhaul option for different number of nodes assuming $20m cost of a spectrum license (over 20-year period). Table 9 Five-Year Total Cost of Ownership Comparison. Number of Nodes 5 Year TCO ($m) NLOS Wireless Backhaul vs. Fiber 2:1 3:1 4:1 6:1 Fiber 2:1 3:1 4:1 6: % -53% -41% -30% % -5% 7% 19% % 11% 23% 35% % 19% 31% 43% % 24% 36% 48% % 28% 39% 51% % 30% 41% 53% NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 9

10 % 32% 43% 55% % 33% 45% 56% % 34% 46% 57% % 35% 46% 58% % 36% 47% 59% % 36% 48% 59% % 37% 48% 60% % 37% 49% 60% The cost allocation for the total cost of ownership is shown in Figure 3. The main expense related to the NLOS solution is the cost of spectrum. The second leading expense is the cost of backhauling traffic from the NLOS hub modules to the core network. In this comparative analysis, we conservatively assumed that fiber would have to be leased. However, this cost can be reduced substantially if fiber is already available at the hub site. For example, co-locating a hub site with an existing macro base station where backhaul is already available can result in significant reduction in the total cost of ownership. Alternatively, using LOS microwave backhaul may result in cost reduction over fiber in many instances. Figure 3 Cost Allocation for BLiNQ Backhaul Solution at Breakeven with Fiber Backhaul. NLOS wireless backhaul solutions offer a competitive business case in comparison to fiber backhaul due to several considerations: 1- Use of low-priced spectrum assets for use in backhaul application results in a low breakeven number of nodes versus fiber backhaul. 2- High-capacity links allow backhaul of multiple base stations to a single hub. This provides two advantages: a. Lower capital expenditure and simpler network design, implementation and deployment effort. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 10

11 b. High flexibility in placing hub modules in locations where fiber or LOS microwave backhaul is readily available to backhaul the aggregate traffic of multiple base stations to the core. 3- Quick and simple deployment and activation of compact base stations to address coverage holes and capacity hotspots leads to higher revenue generation and greater customer satisfaction. This upside measure was not factored into the business case. 4- Implementation of frequency detection mitigation techniques allow high spectrum utilization which leads to lower upfront capital expenditure to secure what is relatively low priced spectrum. Conclusion Compact base stations are a key element in the design of mobile data networks. Due to the high capacity of these base stations and since they are deployed below clutter, traditional wireless (LOS microwave) and wireline (e.g. leased line) backhaul techniques are no longer an option, leaving fiber as the only feasible method of backhaul. BLiNQ s intelligent non-line-of-sight wireless systems provide an economically competitive solution to fiber backhaul: a relatively low number of wireless backhaul nodes are required to achieve cost breakeven with fiber backhaul (in the low hundreds). The savings in total cost of ownership can be significant, exceeding 30% for typical deployment scenarios. The financial model demonstrates that some of the main costs associated with backhaul include spectrum cost and the cost of backhaul to the core network. For this reason, BLiNQ solutions implement interference detection and mitigation techniques that minimize the amount of spectrum required for the backhaul network and make use of low-cost spectrum in sub-6 GHz band which has been deemed less desirable for access applications. Furthermore, BLiNQ products provide high-capacity point-to-multipoint links to maximize the aggregated data at the backhaul hub site and reduce the cost of transport to the core network. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 11

12 Acronyms CBTS Compact Base Transceiver Station FDD Frequency Domain Duplex HSPA High Speed Packet Access LOS Line of Sight LTE Long Term Evolution MARA Managed Adaptive Resource Allocation MIMO Multiple Input Multiple Output MNO Mobile network operators NLOS Non Line of Sight OFDMA Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access PMP Point to Multipoint PoP Population TCO Total Cost of Ownership TDD Time Domain Duplex TDM Time Domain Multiplex UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems WACC Weight Average Cost of Capital BLiNQ Networks Inc. 400 March Road, Suite 240 Ottawa, ON K2K 3H4 Canada Main: BLiNQ Networks was founded in June 2010 after the acquisition of intellectual property and wireless assets from Nortel Networks. BLiNQ is a pioneer of wireless backhaul solutions that fundamentally change the way mobile operators deliver mobile broadband services in urban areas. BLiNQ uses cost-effective sub-6 GHz spectrum and unique and patent-pending Managed Adaptive Resource Allocation (MARA) technology to provide network-level intelligence, self-organizing network capabilities, and eliminate interference challenges to maximize spectral efficiency. BLiNQ is headquartered in Plano, TX with research and development facilities in Ottawa, Canada. For more information, please visit The information presented herein is to the best of our knowledge true and accurate and is subject to change without notice. No warranty or guarantee expressed or implied is made regarding the performance or suitability of any product. All product or service names are the property of their respective owners. BLiNQ Networks Inc All Rights Reserved. NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations: 12

Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul

Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul WIRELESS 20 20 Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul A Business Case Analysis of Cost-Effective Small Cell Backhaul Network Solutions The Wireless 20/20 WiROI Wireless Business Case Analysis Tool enables mobile

More information

Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials. Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13

Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials. Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13 Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13 Contents 1. Overview of EE 2G/3G/4G/WiFi Network 2. Understanding

More information

Cambium Networks Wireless Broadband Solutions for Service Providers

Cambium Networks Wireless Broadband Solutions for Service Providers Cambium Networks Wireless Broadband Solutions for Service Providers Leading Global Provider of: Broadband Wireless solutions Ene 2015 Copyright 2013 Cambium Networks, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Cambium

More information

White paper. Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects

White paper. Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects White paper Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects Contents 3 Radio capacity of mobile broadband 7 The cost of mobile broadband capacity 10 Summary 11 Abbreviations The latest generation

More information

Comparing WiMAX and HSPA+ White Paper

Comparing WiMAX and HSPA+ White Paper Comparing WiMAX and HSPA+ White Paper Introduction HSPA+ or HSPA Evolved is the next step in the 3GPP evolution. With 3GPP Rel-7 and Rel-8, several new features are added to this 3G WCDMA technology,

More information

Deploy WiFi Quickly and Easily

Deploy WiFi Quickly and Easily Deploy WiFi Quickly and Easily Table of Contents 3 Introduction 3 The Backhaul Challenge 4 Effortless WiFi Access 4 Rate Limiting 5 Traffic Filtering 5 Channel Selection 5 Enhanced Roaming 6 Connecting

More information

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction Wireless communications have evolved rapidly since the emergence of 2G networks. 4G technology (also called LTE), enables to answer the new data market

More information

NEW WORLD TELECOMMUNICATIONS LIMITED. 2 nd Trial Test Report on 3.5GHz Broadband Wireless Access Technology

NEW WORLD TELECOMMUNICATIONS LIMITED. 2 nd Trial Test Report on 3.5GHz Broadband Wireless Access Technology NEW WORLD TELECOMMUNICATIONS LIMITED 2 nd Trial Test Report on 3.5GHz Broadband Wireless Access Technology Issue Number: 01 Issue Date: 20 April 2006 New World Telecommunications Ltd Page 1 of 9 Issue

More information

The cost and performance benefits of 80 GHz links compared to short-haul 18-38 GHz licensed frequency band products

The cost and performance benefits of 80 GHz links compared to short-haul 18-38 GHz licensed frequency band products The cost and performance benefits of 80 GHz links compared to short-haul 18-38 GHz licensed frequency band products Page 1 of 9 Introduction As service providers and private network operators seek cost

More information

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS: A REALITY CHECK

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS: A REALITY CHECK By: Peter Croy, Sr. Network Architect, Aviat Networks INTRODUCTION LTE mobile broadband technology is now being launched across the world with more than 140 service providers committed to implement it

More information

The Economics of Gigabit 4G Mobile Backhaul

The Economics of Gigabit 4G Mobile Backhaul The Economics of Gigabit 4G Mobile Backhaul How wireless fiber 80 GHz links provide an economical alternative to operator-owned fiber Gregg Levin Vice President, Infrastructure Solutions BridgeWave Communications

More information

White paper Crucial economics for mobile data backhaul. Executive summary

White paper Crucial economics for mobile data backhaul. Executive summary Crucial economics for mobile data backhaul An analysis of the total cost of ownership of point-to-point, point-to-multipoint, and fibre options By Monica Paolini White paper Executive summary Backhaul

More information

Motorola s Wireless Broadband Point-to-Point Solutions. The PTP 100, 400 & 600 Series Part of Motorola s MOTOwi4 portfolio

Motorola s Wireless Broadband Point-to-Point Solutions. The PTP 100, 400 & 600 Series Part of Motorola s MOTOwi4 portfolio Motorola s Wireless Broadband Point-to-Point Solutions The PTP 100, 400 & 600 Series Part of Motorola s MOTOwi4 portfolio High-Speed Point-to-Point Solutions Engineered for Simple-to-Complex Applications

More information

DELIVERING GIGABIT BANDWIDTH DENSITY FOR HETNET BACKHAUL

DELIVERING GIGABIT BANDWIDTH DENSITY FOR HETNET BACKHAUL DELIVERING GIGABIT BANDWIDTH DENSITY FOR HETNET BACKHAUL BLUWAN ENABLES THE WORLD S LEADING SERVICE PROVIDERS TO SUPPLY HIGH CAPACITY, PROFITABLE, FIXED AND MOBILE BROADBAND WITH FIBRE THROUGH THE AIR

More information

HSPA, LTE and beyond. HSPA going strong. PRESS INFORMATION February 11, 2011

HSPA, LTE and beyond. HSPA going strong. PRESS INFORMATION February 11, 2011 HSPA, LTE and beyond The online multimedia world made possible by mobile broadband has changed people s perceptions of data speeds and network service quality. Regardless of where they are, consumers no

More information

Motorola Wireless Broadband. Point-to-Multipoint (PMP) Access Network Solutions

Motorola Wireless Broadband. Point-to-Multipoint (PMP) Access Network Solutions Motorola Wireless Broadband Point-to-Multipoint (PMP) Access Network Solutions Motorola Technology is as Simple as it is Powerful Motorola Wireless Broadband Point-to-Multipoint (PMP) solutions are streamlined,

More information

LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization

LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Nokia Networks LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Nokia Networks white paper LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Contents Introduction 3 Carrier Aggregation in live networks 4 Multi-band

More information

SkyWay-Mobile. Broadband Wireless Solution

SkyWay-Mobile. Broadband Wireless Solution SkyWay-Mobile Broadband Wireless Solution Wonderful World of Wireless The era of ubiquitous communication has arrived. Region by region, country by country and continent by continent, wireless connectivity

More information

Wireless SDSL for the Business Sector

Wireless SDSL for the Business Sector Wireless SDSL for the Business Sector Broadband Services over BreezeACCESS VL June 2005 Alvarion Ltd. All rights reserved. The material contained herein is proprietary. No part of this publication may

More information

Wireless Carrier Ethernet Networks

Wireless Carrier Ethernet Networks Wireless Carrier Ethernet Networks IT S A NEW AGE Connecting fixed and mobile services to your network fast. Zero-footprint, integrated all-outdoor option 800 Mbps full duplex throughput Cost leading,

More information

Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks

Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks C1 Öffentlich / Public Version 1.0 Dr. Andreas Jungmaier Network Strategy & Assessment / TNS Vodafone D2 The Future of Broadband Wireless 26. Treffen

More information

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) September 2013 1. Introduction Fast uptake of Machine- to Machine (M2M) applications and an installed

More information

Cost-effective Wireless Alternatives to Corporate Leased-line Connectivity. White Paper

Cost-effective Wireless Alternatives to Corporate Leased-line Connectivity. White Paper Cost-effective Wireless Alternatives to Corporate Leased-line Connectivity White Paper Built-in ROI Effective communication is the life-blood of every business. Broadband wireless point-to-point connectivity

More information

It all comes back to backhaul

It all comes back to backhaul ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3166 Rev B August 2014 It all comes back to backhaul SOLUTIONS SUPPORTING SUPERIOR END-TO-END QOE IN HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK DEPLOYMENTS Backhaul plays a critical role in

More information

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE HSDPA. Shared Channel Transmission

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE HSDPA. Shared Channel Transmission HSDPA Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE Enhanced Support for Downlink Packet Data Higher Capacity Higher Peak data rates Lower round trip delay Part

More information

CAMBIUM POINT-TO-MULTIPOINT SOLUTIONS CONNECT YOUR WORLD

CAMBIUM POINT-TO-MULTIPOINT SOLUTIONS CONNECT YOUR WORLD CONNECT YOUR WORLD CONNECT EVERYONE EVERYWHERE Whatever your world looks like, you need high-speed voice, data and video communications serving multiple people in multiple locations. What s the optimal

More information

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets White paper Table of contents 1. Overview... 3 2. 1800 MHz spectrum... 3 3. Traffic Migration... 5 4. Deploying LTE-GSM

More information

Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond

Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond Presentation to IEEE Ottawa Section / Alliance of IEEE Consultants Network (AICN) - 2nd May 2012 Frank Rayal BLiNQ Networks/ Telesystem Innovations

More information

Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges. Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012

Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges. Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012 Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012 Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges Presentation Overview Ceragon at a glance Cellular Backhaul & Microwave PtP Radios Market & Technology

More information

FPGAs in Next Generation Wireless Networks

FPGAs in Next Generation Wireless Networks FPGAs in Next Generation Wireless Networks March 2010 Lattice Semiconductor 5555 Northeast Moore Ct. Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 USA Telephone: (503) 268-8000 www.latticesemi.com 1 FPGAs in Next Generation

More information

CBNL. High speed enterprise networks. VectaStar. Rapid ROI Intelligent QoS Easy installation

CBNL. High speed enterprise networks. VectaStar. Rapid ROI Intelligent QoS Easy installation CBNL Cambridge Broadband Networks High speed enterprise networks VectaStar The ultimate in multipoint microwave for enterprise access networks Rapid ROI Intelligent QoS Easy installation High speed enterprise

More information

NSN White paper February 2014. Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler

NSN White paper February 2014. Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler NSN White paper February 2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler CONTENTS 1. Introduction 3 2. Smart Scheduler Features and Benefits 4 3. Smart Scheduler wit Explicit Multi-Cell Coordination

More information

Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report

Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report . Report for Vodafone Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report 27 February 2014 Dr James Allen, Dr Franck Chevalier, Burcu Bora Ref: 39013-86 Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report 1 Contents 1 Introduction

More information

RADWIN 5000 HPMP HIGH CAPACITY POINT-TO-MULTIPOINT. RADWIN 5000 HPMP product brochure RIDE THE RADWIN 5000 HPMP WIRELESS HIGHWAY

RADWIN 5000 HPMP HIGH CAPACITY POINT-TO-MULTIPOINT. RADWIN 5000 HPMP product brochure RIDE THE RADWIN 5000 HPMP WIRELESS HIGHWAY RADWIN 5000 HPMP product brochure RADWIN 5000 HPMP HIGH CAPACITY POINT-TO-MULTIPOINT RIDE THE RADWIN 5000 HPMP WIRELESS HIGHWAY The RADWIN 5000 high-capacity Point-to-Multipoint (HPMP) solution delivers

More information

BUILDING BETTER BACKHAUL EVERYWHERE

BUILDING BETTER BACKHAUL EVERYWHERE BUILDING BETTER BACKHAUL EVERYWHERE BUILDING BETTER BACKHAUL EVERYWHERE As service providers and enterprises scale their wireless access networks to enable powerful new applications and services, many

More information

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS A REALITY CHECK PETER CROY, SENIOR NETWORK ARCHITECT, AVIAT NETWORKS

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS A REALITY CHECK PETER CROY, SENIOR NETWORK ARCHITECT, AVIAT NETWORKS LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS A REALITY CHECK PETER CROY, SENIOR NETWORK ARCHITECT, AVIAT NETWORKS 1 LTE Cell: Single User Throughput Estimates Data Rate Down/Up [Mbps] vs. Distance from Cell Center Channel

More information

The future of mobile networking. David Kessens <david.kessens@nsn.com>

The future of mobile networking. David Kessens <david.kessens@nsn.com> The future of mobile networking David Kessens Introduction Current technologies Some real world measurements LTE New wireless technologies Conclusion 2 The future of mobile networking

More information

App coverage. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015

App coverage. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015 ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015 App coverage effectively relating network performance to user experience Mobile broadband networks, smart devices and apps bring significant benefits

More information

LTE Solution and Requirements for Smart Grids

LTE Solution and Requirements for Smart Grids 2014 年 11 月 10 日 星 期 一 LTE Solution and Requirements for Smart Grids 11 th November 2014 Markus Dillinger Head of Wireless Internet Technologies Huawei European Research Centre Munich, Germany Outline

More information

Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing

Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing Jan Markendahl and Pamela Gonzalez Sanchez Wireless@KTH, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

More information

Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks. Md Shamsul Alam

Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks. Md Shamsul Alam Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks Md Shamsul Alam Person-to-person communications Rich voice Video telephony, video conferencing SMS/MMS Content delivery Mobile TV High quality video streaming

More information

irelay Using LTE Relay as a Backhaul for Small Cells High Performance, Low Cost Backhaul Extending the range of LTE-Advanced Public Access

irelay Using LTE Relay as a Backhaul for Small Cells High Performance, Low Cost Backhaul Extending the range of LTE-Advanced Public Access irelay Using LTE Relay as a Backhaul for Small Cells High Performance, Low Cost Backhaul Extending the range of LTE-Advanced Public Access a leading LTE Small and Compact RAN solution provider www.airspan.com

More information

By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG)

By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) Economics of 450 MHz band for the Smart Grid and Smart Metering By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) September 2013 1. Introduction Alliander in The Netherlands is the first utility

More information

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Foreword Every once in a while the telecommunications industry experiences a technological and commercial revolution. One such revolution took place in the

More information

WiMAX and the IEEE 802.16m Air Interface Standard - April 2010

WiMAX and the IEEE 802.16m Air Interface Standard - April 2010 WiMAX and the IEEE 802.16m Air Interface Standard - April 2010 Introduction The IEEE 802.16e-2005 amendment to the IEEE Std 802.16-2004 Air Interface Standard which added Scalable-Orthogonal Frequency

More information

AirHarmony 4000. Outdoor LTE-Advanced Mini-Macro Base Station

AirHarmony 4000. Outdoor LTE-Advanced Mini-Macro Base Station AirHarmony 4000 Outdoor LTE-Advanced Mini-Macro Base Station Multi-Function, Compact and Versatile Redefining the economics of LTE-Advanced Heterogeneous Deployment a leading LTE Small and Compact RAN

More information

CONNECTING THE WIRELESS TO THE WIRED NETWORK. By: Russ Schomber VP Network Services, Backhaul Services Group

CONNECTING THE WIRELESS TO THE WIRED NETWORK. By: Russ Schomber VP Network Services, Backhaul Services Group CONNECTING THE WIRELESS TO THE WIRED NETWORK By: Russ Schomber VP Network Services, Backhaul Services Group Overview Todays Wireless Networks Cell Tower Density Nationally & Locally Typical Cell Tower

More information

MOTOROLA CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND INTERNET ACCESS PLATFORM

MOTOROLA CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND INTERNET ACCESS PLATFORM MOTOROLA CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND INTERNET ACCESS PLATFORM October 2002 CONFIGURATION GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS Notice... iii Introduction... 1 Canopy System Overview... 1 Components... 2 Access Point (AP)

More information

Fixed, nomadic, portable and mobile applications for 802.16-2004 and 802.16e WiMAX networks

Fixed, nomadic, portable and mobile applications for 802.16-2004 and 802.16e WiMAX networks Fixed, nomadic, portable and mobile applications for 802.16-2004 and 802.16e WiMAX networks November 2005 Prepared by Senza Fili Consulting on behalf of the WIMAX Forum Executive Summary The WiMAX Forum

More information

LTE Release 8 and beyond. February 2009

LTE Release 8 and beyond. February 2009 LTE Release 8 and beyond February 2009 Disclaimer Nothing in this presentation is an offer to sell any of the parts referenced herein. This presentation may reference and/or show images of parts and/or

More information

Defining the Smart Grid WAN

Defining the Smart Grid WAN Defining the Smart Grid WAN WHITE PAPER Trilliant helps leading utilities and energy retailers achieve their smart grid visions through the Trilliant Communications Platform, the only communications platform

More information

Leased-Line Replacement. Utilizing gigabit wireless links to provide fiber-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines.

Leased-Line Replacement. Utilizing gigabit wireless links to provide fiber-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines. Leased-Line Replacement Utilizing gigabit wireless links to provide fiber-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines. Leased-Line Replacement When considering high-bandwidth connections

More information

GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR TOWERCOS IN DEVELOPED MARKETS

GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR TOWERCOS IN DEVELOPED MARKETS GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR TOWERCOS IN DEVELOPED MARKETS Network upgrade and densification potential Brian Burns and Hannah de Villiers 30 years Celebrating 30 years as global specialist advisers on telecoms,

More information

CHAPTER - 4 CHANNEL ALLOCATION BASED WIMAX TOPOLOGY

CHAPTER - 4 CHANNEL ALLOCATION BASED WIMAX TOPOLOGY CHAPTER - 4 CHANNEL ALLOCATION BASED WIMAX TOPOLOGY 4.1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, the rapid growth of wireless communication technology has improved the transmission data rate and communication distance.

More information

LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB

LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB AND Aditya K. Jagannatham FUTURE Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Commonwealth of Learning Vancouver 4G LTE LTE (Long Term Evolution) is the 4G wireless cellular standard developed

More information

Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful

Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful Achieving the highly desired ubiquitous broadband coverage is firmly on the agendas of governments and their subordinate agencies, telecommunication

More information

Our story EION s WOrldWIdE headquarters IN OttAWA, canada EION leadership

Our story EION s WOrldWIdE headquarters IN OttAWA, canada EION leadership Corporate Profile EION Wireless Intelligence in the Air More Range. More Reach. More Subscribers. Our Story EION Wireless, a division of EION Inc. is a privately owned Canadian company headquartered in

More information

ACE IP Wireless Loop Alternatives Wireless Broadband Access Platforms. Russ Hamilton Director Technology May 2, 2008

ACE IP Wireless Loop Alternatives Wireless Broadband Access Platforms. Russ Hamilton Director Technology May 2, 2008 IP Wireless Loop Alternatives Wireless Broadband Access Platforms Russ Hamilton Director Technology May 2, 2008 Agenda Is Wireless A True Broadband Option? 4G? LTE WiMax Femtocells Fixed Options Backhaul

More information

LOTUS GSM White Paper. Cost-Effective Rural GSM, LTE and Backhaul

LOTUS GSM White Paper. Cost-Effective Rural GSM, LTE and Backhaul LOTUS GSM Cost-Effective Rural GSM, LTE and Backhaul February 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS... 2 INTRODUCTION... 3 CREATING A COST-EFFECTIVE SOLUTION... 6 LOTUS GSM... 9 AFGHANISTAN CASE STUDY...

More information

AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE BACKHAUL FOR PUBLIC SAFETY LTE

AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE BACKHAUL FOR PUBLIC SAFETY LTE AVIAT NETWORKS MICROWAVE BACKHAUL FOR PUBLIC SAFETY LTE INTRODUCTION THE EVOLUTION TO LONG TERM EVOLUTION Public safety agencies are soon to experience a dramatic improvement in communications capabilities

More information

Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band)

Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band) Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band) Milind Buddhikot, Rob Soni March 13, 2013 1 FCC 3.5 GHz NPRM Workshop MMB Bandwidth Hungry Applications will Continue the Wireless Data

More information

TeleGuard 5GHz Point To Point Broadband Radio Ethernet

TeleGuard 5GHz Point To Point Broadband Radio Ethernet The TeleGuard broadband wireless platform in the 5GHz frequency range is part of the TeleGuard family of products from SLD Security & Communications. Superior features such as non-line-of-sight (NLOS),

More information

LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad

LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad Erasmo Rojas Director of Latin America & Caribbean 4G Americas 11 junio de 2013 4G Americas Board of Governors Mobile

More information

1. Introduction. 2. Saving Overview

1. Introduction. 2. Saving Overview CAPEX Savings with Antenna Tilt-Based Load Balancing SON Abstract The principal benefits of Self-Optimizing Networks (SON) are reduced OPEX and CAPEX by both minimizing human involvement in network operation

More information

How to Build a Reliable Business Case for a 3.65 GHz WiMAX Initiative in the US. Using the TEA WiMAX Business Case Analysis Tool

How to Build a Reliable Business Case for a 3.65 GHz WiMAX Initiative in the US. Using the TEA WiMAX Business Case Analysis Tool How to Build a Reliable Business Case for a 3.65 GHz WiMAX Initiative in the US WiTech Your Wireless Future Brought to You Making Your Wireless Vision a Reality 01 Executive Summary... 3 1 Introduction...

More information

SPECTRUM SHARING OUTLINE FOR CSMAC

SPECTRUM SHARING OUTLINE FOR CSMAC SPECTRUM SHARING OUTLINE FOR CSMAC Disclaimer: This document is a preliminary and for discussion purposes only. None of the material here is a final recommendation or conclusion from the sub-committee

More information

OPTIMISATION OF CAPITAL COSTS InfiNet s innovative solutions enable the deployment of highperformance

OPTIMISATION OF CAPITAL COSTS InfiNet s innovative solutions enable the deployment of highperformance About InfiNet Target Market Sectors InfiNet Wireless is a leading manufacturer of fixed broadband wireless connectivity and provides a wide range of carrier-class infrastructures. Established in 1993,

More information

SPECTRUM AND TECHNOLOGY ISSUES FOR MICROWAVE BACKHAUL IN EUROPE

SPECTRUM AND TECHNOLOGY ISSUES FOR MICROWAVE BACKHAUL IN EUROPE SPECTRUM AND TECHNOLOGY ISSUES FOR MICROWAVE BACKHAUL IN EUROPE November 2010 Sponsored by Cambridge Broadband Networks COPYRIGHT AND TERMS OF USE This report is published by Innovation Observatory Ltd,

More information

MOBILE DATA GROWTH: HOW OPERATORS CAN HANDLE THE TRAFFIC EXPLOSION

MOBILE DATA GROWTH: HOW OPERATORS CAN HANDLE THE TRAFFIC EXPLOSION . Solon Telecoms White Paper MOBILE DATA GROWTH: HOW OPERATORS CAN HANDLE THE TRAFFIC EXPLOSION MARC SIER, STEPHAN KALLEDER & ANDREAS PAULY, MAY 2012 Mobile data traffic will continue its tremendous growth

More information

LTE Mobility Enhancements

LTE Mobility Enhancements Qualcomm Incorporated February 2010 Table of Contents [1] Introduction... 1 [2] LTE Release 8 Handover Procedures... 2 2.1 Backward Handover... 2 2.2 RLF Handover... 3 2.3 NAS Recovery... 5 [3] LTE Forward

More information

Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling

Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling A Non-Line-of-Sight Approach for Point-to-Point Microwave Links M. Coldrey*, H. Koorapaty**, J.-E. Berg***, Z. Ghebretensaé***, J. Hansryd****, A. Derneryd*, S. Falahati***

More information

LTE Performance and Analysis using Atoll Simulation

LTE Performance and Analysis using Atoll Simulation IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE) e-issn: 2278-1676,p-ISSN: 2320-3331, Volume 9, Issue 6 Ver. III (Nov Dec. 2014), PP 68-72 LTE Performance and Analysis using Atoll Simulation

More information

MOTOROLA S CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND PLATFORM

MOTOROLA S CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND PLATFORM MOTOROLA S CANOPY WIRELESS BROADBAND PLATFORM The Secure, Flexible, Reliable Wireless Solution for Building or Extending Your Broadband Network. EXTENDING BROADBAND COVERAGE TO HARD-TO-REACH CUSTOMERS.

More information

Leased-Line Replacement. Utilising gigabit wireless links to provide fibre-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines.

Leased-Line Replacement. Utilising gigabit wireless links to provide fibre-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines. Leased-Line Replacement Utilising gigabit wireless links to provide fibre-like performance at significant savings compared to leased lines. Introduction When considering high-bandwidth connections between

More information

Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009

Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009 Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009 page 1 Agenda > Market Drivers > The Problem with Leased Lines > The Problem with Fiber > Economics of Microwave > TDM to IP Migration >

More information

ALTERNATIVE BACKHAUL AND DATA OFFLOAD SOLUTIONS FOR GSM AND UMTS OPERATORS

ALTERNATIVE BACKHAUL AND DATA OFFLOAD SOLUTIONS FOR GSM AND UMTS OPERATORS QUICK LOOK ALTERNATIVE BACKHAUL AND DATA OFFLOAD SOLUTIONS FOR GSM AND UMTS OPERATORS The Cisco RAN Optimization solution offers alternative radio access network (RAN) backhaul transport and data offload

More information

White Paper. Adding Capacity Cost- Effectively to the Mobile Network with Bandwidth Optimization

White Paper. Adding Capacity Cost- Effectively to the Mobile Network with Bandwidth Optimization Adding Capacity Cost- Effectively to the Mobile Network with Bandwidth Optimization Executive Summary The popularity of the Blackberry and smartphones, such as the iphone, are forcing mobile service providers

More information

Application Note License-Exempt Gigabit Ethernet Microwave Radio Applications

Application Note License-Exempt Gigabit Ethernet Microwave Radio Applications Application Note License-Exempt Gigabit Ethernet Microwave Radio Applications Applicable Products: EX-5r GigE, EX-5r-c GigE Introduction The accelerated growth of fixed and mobile wireless broadband services

More information

Evolution in Mobile Radio Networks

Evolution in Mobile Radio Networks Evolution in Mobile Radio Networks Multiple Antenna Systems & Flexible Networks InfoWare 2013, July 24, 2013 1 Nokia Siemens Networks 2013 The thirst for mobile data will continue to grow exponentially

More information

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications Presentation for the Latin America Spectrum Conference 2012 Amit Nagpal 25 October 2012 2 How do we resolve the capacity

More information

Understanding Mobile Wireless Backhaul

Understanding Mobile Wireless Backhaul Understanding Mobile Wireless Backhaul Understanding Mobile Wireless Backhaul 1 Introduction Wireless networks are evolving from voice-only traffic to networks supporting both voice and high-speed data

More information

Air4Gs. Small Package, Big Performance. Extremely compact, cost-optimized wireless base station solution

Air4Gs. Small Package, Big Performance. Extremely compact, cost-optimized wireless base station solution Air4Gs Small Package, Big Performance Extremely compact, cost-optimized wireless base station solution Air4Gs All-in-one, all-outdoor, compact, cost-optimized solution. High Performance Micro Base Station

More information

Wireless Broadband Access

Wireless Broadband Access Wireless Broadband Access (Brought to you by RMRoberts.com) Mobile wireless broadband is a term used to describe wireless connections based on mobile phone technology. Broadband is an electronics term

More information

WiMAX technology. An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy. Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development

WiMAX technology. An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy. Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development WiMAX technology An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development Agenda Telecommunications in Africa: the present picture Wi-MAX:

More information

Dealing with Density: The Move to Small-Cell Architectures

Dealing with Density: The Move to Small-Cell Architectures Dealing with Density: The Move to Small-Cell Architectures Ruckus Wireless White Paper Options and Long-Term Strategies for Mobile Operators Facing Exponential Growth in Data Traffic The expansion and

More information

communication over wireless link handling mobile user who changes point of attachment to network

communication over wireless link handling mobile user who changes point of attachment to network Wireless Networks Background: # wireless (mobile) phone subscribers now exceeds # wired phone subscribers! computer nets: laptops, palmtops, PDAs, Internet-enabled phone promise anytime untethered Internet

More information

Small Cell deployment strategies and best practice backhaul. August

Small Cell deployment strategies and best practice backhaul. August August 2012 1 Contents Executive summary... 3 1 Introduction - different ways to deploy small cells... 4 1.1 Capacity or Coverage - what s the difference?... 5 2 Consumer/Enterprise self-deployed (femtocells)...

More information

Mobile Telephony Base Station Feeding Using Wireless Point-to-multipoint Technology

Mobile Telephony Base Station Feeding Using Wireless Point-to-multipoint Technology Mobile Telephony Base Station Feeding Using Wireless Point-to-multipoint Technology Introduction Mobile telephony networks require connectivity solutions to support the link between base stations and the

More information

WiMax broadband wireless access. Wireless communication is considered one of the big engineering success stories

WiMax broadband wireless access. Wireless communication is considered one of the big engineering success stories WiMax broadband wireless access Introduction Wireless communication is considered one of the big engineering success stories over the last two decades. It is one of the rapidly changing fields that demand

More information

Alternative Wireless Access Technologies. Heinz Willebrand, CEO & President

Alternative Wireless Access Technologies. Heinz Willebrand, CEO & President Alternative Wireless Access Technologies Heinz Willebrand, CEO & President The Mobile Wireless Backhaul Dilemma Backhaul Capacity Requirements Increasing Single 4G/LTE base station capacity requirement

More information

Prepared by: Date: Document: Angel Ivanov 23 Nov 2010 NT

Prepared by: Date: Document: Angel Ivanov 23 Nov 2010 NT TD-LTE and FDD-LTE A Basic Comparison Prepared by: Date: Document: Angel Ivanov 23 Nov 2010 NT10-00185 Ascom (2010) All rights reserved. TEMS is a trademark of Ascom. All other trademarks are the property

More information

Nokia Small Cells - innovative ways to expand coverage and capacity for the future

Nokia Small Cells - innovative ways to expand coverage and capacity for the future Nokia Small Cells - innovative ways to expand coverage and capacity for the future 1 As demand for mobile broadband grows, the need for greater outdoor capacity and indoor coverage/capacity becomes more

More information

Cloud RAN. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3271 September 2015

Cloud RAN. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3271 September 2015 ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3271 September 2015 Cloud RAN the benefits of virtualization, centralization and coordination Mobile networks are evolving quickly in terms of coverage, capacity and new

More information

Backgrounder. Harper Government Takes Action to Support Canadian Families. Rules for the 700 MHz and 2500 MHz Spectrum Auctions

Backgrounder. Harper Government Takes Action to Support Canadian Families. Rules for the 700 MHz and 2500 MHz Spectrum Auctions Backgrounder Harper Government Takes Action to Support Canadian Families Rules for the 700 MHz and 2500 MHz Spectrum Auctions Foreign Investment Restrictions in the Telecommunications Sector The Harper

More information

FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY

FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY (Study Paper by FLA Division) Ram Krishna Dy. Director General (FLA) TEC New Delhi, DoT, Govt. of India. E-mail: ddgfla.tec@gov.in Mrs.

More information

Artisan Technology Group is your source for quality new and certified-used/pre-owned equipment

Artisan Technology Group is your source for quality new and certified-used/pre-owned equipment Artisan Technology Group is your source for quality new and certified-used/pre-owned equipment FAST SHIPPING AND DELIVERY TENS OF THOUSANDS OF IN-STOCK ITEMS EQUIPMENT DEMOS HUNDREDS OF MANUFACTURERS SUPPORTED

More information

Overcoming the Challenges of 4G LTE and MIMO for In-Tunnel Wireless Connectivity

Overcoming the Challenges of 4G LTE and MIMO for In-Tunnel Wireless Connectivity Page 1 Overcoming the Challenges of 4G LTE and MIMO for In-Tunnel Wireless Connectivity Written by Axel Schroeder April 2014 Page 2 Abstract As mobile wireless continues to make the transition to data

More information

802.11n in the Outdoor Environment

802.11n in the Outdoor Environment POSITION PAPER 802.11n in the Outdoor Environment How Motorola is transforming outdoor mesh networks to leverage full n advantages Municipalities and large enterprise customers are deploying mesh networks

More information

Wireless Backhaul for ISPs

Wireless Backhaul for ISPs Wireless Backhaul for ISPs Connecting communities to the global village Introduction Internet service providers are facing a disproportionate relation between demand for higher capacities on one hand,

More information

Foreword... 2 Introduction to VoIP... 3 SIP:... 3 H.323:... 4 SER:... 4 Cellular network... 4 GSM... 5 GPRS... 6 3G... 6 Wimax... 7 Introduction...

Foreword... 2 Introduction to VoIP... 3 SIP:... 3 H.323:... 4 SER:... 4 Cellular network... 4 GSM... 5 GPRS... 6 3G... 6 Wimax... 7 Introduction... Foreword... 2 Introduction to VoIP... 3 SIP:... 3 H.323:... 4 SER:... 4 Cellular network... 4 GSM... 5 GPRS... 6 3G... 6 Wimax... 7 Introduction... 7 Fixed-WiMAX based on the IEEE 802.16-2004... 8 Mobile

More information