Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing"

Transcription

1 Business feasibility analysis of use of TV WS for mobile broadband services taking into account spectrum pricing Jan Markendahl and Pamela Gonzalez Sanchez Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Bengt G. Mölleryd Swedish Post and Telecom Agency (PTS) Stockholm, Sweden COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels, November 15-17, 2011

2 Topics today Amount of spectrum per operator The Multitude of business and services scenarios Capacity, cost and cost structure Principles and trends, Example results of cost savings Impact of spectrum costs Countries are different 2

3 Research questions RQ1. What kinds of business opportunities can be identified for different situations where diffrent types of mobile operators make use of secondary spectrum access? RQ2. Is there a common business feasibility analysis method or do we need a multitude of case dependent methods Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

4 Why do operators want spectrum? 4

5 Why do operators want spectrum? More bandwidths means: Higher data rates: better offer competitive advantage Data rates ~ fixed broadband? Higher capacity: more traffic, more users can be served More cost-efficient deployment 5

6 Why do operators want spectrum? High bandwidth means high capacity per site, i.e less number of base station sites Licensed Licensed Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

7 Why do operators want spectrum? High bandwidth means high capacity per site, i.e less number of base station sites Licensed White space Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

8 Number of sites Impact of amount of spectrum Case: New urban office area with many users Numner of base station sites Used spectrum (MHz) Case: Traffic from office workers In 1 km2 area Spectral eff = 1,70 (LTE type) Spectral eff = 0,70 (HSPA type) 8

9 Number of sites Impact of amount of spectrum Case: New urban office area with many users Numner of base station sites Used spectrum (MHz) Case: Traffic from office workers In 1 km2 area Spectral eff = 1,70 (LTE type) Spectral eff = 0,70 (HSPA type) Cases for different Swedish operators using 2.6 GHz band 9

10 Expected MBB traffic increase: >1000 times More spectrum: < 2 times By Mölleryd & Markendahl from ITS Conf 2011 Valuation of spectrum for mobile broadband services - Engineering value versus willingness to pay Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

11 Number of available TV channels in Sweden from Quasar deliverable 5.1 TV WS 1 TV channel ~ 8 MHz 5 TV channels ~ 40 MHz Compare with LTE deployment in 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands 2.6 GHz Telia, Tele 2 and Telenor have 2* 20 MHz - 3 has 2*10 MHz x Telia and 3 have 2*10 MHz - Telenor and Tele2 joint venture (Net4Mobility) has 2*10 MHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16, 2011 x

12 A Multitude of Multitudes - Scenarios & Sub-scenarios The business viability is not an inherent property of any type secondary use or the type of primary spectrum The business viability depends on specific business cases incl. services, demand and types of network deployment AND the business cases of competiting solutions Each service scenario consists of multiple sub-scenarios The availability of spectrum for secondary use The type of service intended for secondary use The demand and willingness to pay for the service The cost structure for network deployment options Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

13 A Multitude of Multitudes - QUASAR Service Scenarios Cellular Use of White Spaces WiFi-like Use of White Spaces Secondary Wireless Backhaul Secondary Spectrum Commons in Radar Band Indoor Broadband in Aeronautical Spectrum Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Infrastructured) Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Ad hoc) Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

14 A Multitude of Multitudes - QUASAR Service Scenarios MBBA in rural areas using TV WS only Cellular Use of White Spaces WiFi-like Use of White Spaces MBBA in urban areas using TV WS only MBBA in urban areas using TV WS as complement MBBA using TV WS in indoor locations Secondary Wireless Backhaul Secondary Spectrum Commons in Radar Band Indoor Broadband in Aeronautical Spectrum Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Infrastructured) Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Ad hoc) Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

15 Summary of findings you can see different things Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas using TV WS - TV white space spectrum is available - The demand is low, primary spectrum is not fully utilized MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas - Few channels are available, still -20 MHz can be found - TV WS used as complement reduces the need to build new sites An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas - cost structure of new sites results in (too?) high costs A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators - TV WS availability is higher for indoor low power deployment - Business cases supported by trend to share indoor infrastructure Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

16 Summary of findings you can see different things Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas using TV WS - TV white space spectrum is available - The demand is low, primary spectrum is not fully utilized MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas - Few channels are available, still -20 MHz can be found - TV WS used as complement reduces the need to build new sites An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas - cost structure of new sites results in (too?) high costs A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators - TV WS availability is higher for indoor low power deployment - Business cases supported by trend to share indoor infrastructure Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

17 Topics today Amount of spectrum per operator The Multitude of business and services scenarios Capacity, cost and cost structure Principles and trends, Example results of cost savings Impact of spectrum costs Countries are different 17

18 Capacity, cost and cost structure of HSPA and LTE Total cost for new site ~ 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans HSPA year 2008 LTE year 2010 LTE year

19 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 19

20 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 20

21 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 21

22 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Existing MNO Nov 16,

23 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Existing MNO Nov 16,

24 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans TV WS + new site LTE +new site TV WS+ re-used site Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

25 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans TV WS + new site LTE +new site TV WS+ re-used site Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

26 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k?? Radio Trans TV WS + new site LTE +new site TV WS+ re-used site Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

27 Work in progress example of type of presentation Deployment Costs [KEuros] URBAN Scenario "EUROPE CASE" Urban LTE Greenfield Urban TVWS Greenfield Urban LTE Incumbent Urban TVWS Incumbent Costs reduction Demand [Mbps/Km 2 ] 27

28 YGODOWYPI 28

29 YGODOWYPI You Get Output Depending On What Yo Put In 29

30 YGODOWYPI You Get Output Depending On What Yo Put In Radio Radio Trans missio n Sites Trans missio n Sites 30

31 YGODOWYPI You Get Output Depending On What Yo Put In Cost of spectrum cost? Radio Radio Trans missio n Sites Trans missio n Sites 31

32 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k YGODOWYPI Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Existing MNO Nov 16,

33 Spectrum price in relation to other cost?? Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

34 Prices paid for spectrum (by Mölleryd ITS 2011) Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

35 Prices paid for spectrum (by Mölleryd ITS 2011) India/Dehli Bahrti 5 MHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

36 Spectrum price in relation to other costs - normalized to auction cost per sites 10 k radio ~100k Site + trans radio trans 10 k ~20 k Deploy new site Upgrade existing sites Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

37 Spectrum price in relation to other costs - normalized to auction cost per site > 100 k 10 k radio ~100k Site + trans ~15 k ~0,10 k radio trans 10 k ~20 k Netherlands Tele2 2.6 GHz Sweden Telia 800 MHz India Bahrti/ Dehli Deploy new site Upgrade existing sites Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

38 Network costs depending on bandwidth Deployment Costs [KEuros] URBAN Scenario "EUROPE CASE" Urban LTE Greenfield Urban TVWS Greenfield Urban LTE Incumbent Urban TVWS Incumbent Bandwidth [MHz] 38

39 Network costs depending on bandwidth 1500 URBAN Scenario "INDIA CASE" Deployment Costs [KEuros] We observe the effect of high spectrum costs Urban LTE Greenfield Urban TVWS Greenfield Urban LTE Incumbent Urban TVWS Incumbent Bandwidth [MHz] 39

40 Topics today Amount of spectrum per operator The Multitude of business and services scenarios Capacity, cost and cost structure Principles and trends, Example results of cost savings Impact of spectrum costs Countries are different 40

41 Prices paid for spectrum (by Mölleryd ITS 2011) India/Dehli Bahrti 5 MHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

42 Countries in the world are different Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

43 Countries in the world are different 43

44 44

45 Conclusions Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas using TV WS MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

46 Conclusions Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas using TV WS MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators Dig more Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

47 Conclusions Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas using TV WS MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators Look for an analyze TV WS business opportunities in a non-european context - Less amount of licensed spectrum - High spectrum prices - More chaotic and un-coordinated markets Dig more Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

48 Thanks for your attention My Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

49 Base station site locations in urban areas from PTS Transmitter map web page, Downtown Stockholm Kista Industry Area 49

50 Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels

51 Offered bit rate vs coverage & load promised data rate at low level promised data rate at higher level 51

52 Offered bit rate vs coverage & load promised data rate at low level promised data rate at higher level 52

53 Data rate, bandwidth and aggregation of carriers or bands The higher bandwidth the higher the data rate 53

54 Data rate, bandwidth and aggregation of carriers or bands The higher bandwidth the higher the data rate TV WS combined with 800MHz 54

55 Example peak data rate Operators with different amount of spectrum - One operator using 10 MHz in one band - One operator using 10 MHz in two bands, in total 20 MHz - One operator using 20 MHz in two bands, in total 40 MHz - Two cooperating operators each using 20 MHz in two bands, in total 80 MHz 55

56 From here slides in old file 56

57 Prices paid for spectrum (by Mölleryd ITS 2011) Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

58 Conclusions BUT! Also consider other solutions - WLAN - Licensed > 3 GHz You need to compare solutions using TV WS with existing solutions and business cases ; i.e. the offers and cost structure of competitors Example: Using TV WS for Mobile broadband New actors with TV WS spectrum only offering wide area mobile broad band access services will have problems Local operators can use TV (or radar) WS to offer indoor access Exploit benefits of TV WS for existing solutions and actors Capacity => delay or reduce need for deployment of new sites Data rate=> with aggregation higher data rates can be offered Cost? => Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

59 The dead zone problem Femtocell base station cause interference in the downlink for UEs connected to macro base stations, i.e. for closed access Areas without any coverage (dead zones, coverage holes) appear in the vicinity of the femto base stations 59

60 The dead zone problem Occurs for closed acess femtocells Dead zones are largest at cell borders ~ 20 m for co-channel operation (WCDMA) 1-2 m for adjacent channels (WCDMA) 60

61 Macrocell-femtocell interference Macro BS Femto BS Macro BS Small separation Femto BS Co-channel operation Adjacent channel with guard band Macro BS Femto BS Macro BS Large separation Femto BS Adjacent channel operation Dedicated femtocell band 61

62 Cost and capacity for macrocellular and femtocell deployment Total cost ~ 110k Radio Site capacity ~100 Mbps Site And Trans Site capacity ~100 Mbps Cost for upgrading existing site ~ 20k Radio Trans Capacity per access point Mbps Deployment of Upgrading of Deployment of new macro sites existing macro sites Femtocells Cost per access point ~ 1 k 62

63 Local operator using TV WS to offer indoor capacity A local operator can deploy a femtocell network where only a fraction of the femtocell capacity is used A few available MHz can satisfy even very high demand levels Example 1: One 5 MHz femtocell with Spectral eff = 8 bps/hz can capacity wize serve GB per month users Example 2: 1 MHz is enough to serve 40 users (with spectral effiency =4 bps/hz) => One 8 MHz channel can be used for several 1 MHz femtocells This makes all bands and also a few MHz of white space interesting 63

64 Conclusions You need to compare solutions using TV WS with existing solutions and business cases ; i.e. the offers and cost structure of competitors Example mobile using TV WS for Mobile broadband New actors with TV WS spectrum only offering wide area mobile broad band access services will have problems Local operators can use TV (or radar) WS to offer indoor access Exploit benefits of TV WS for existing solutions and actors Capacity => delay or reduce need for deployment of new sites Data rate=> with aggregation higher data rates can be offered 64

65 Conclusions BUT! Also consider other solutions - WLAN - Licensed > 3 GHz You need to compare solutions using TV WS with existing solutions and business cases ; i.e. the offers and cost structure of competitors Example mobile using TV WS for Mobile broadband New actors with TV WS spectrum only offering wide area mobile broad band access services will have problems Local operators can use TV (or radar) WS to offer indoor access Exploit benefits of TV WS for existing solutions and actors Capacity => delay or reduce need for deployment of new sites Data rate=> with aggregation higher data rates can be offered 65

66 Conclusions You need to compare solutions using TV WS with existing solutions and business cases ; i.e. the offers and cost structure of competitors Example mobile using TV WS for Mobile broadband New actors with TV WS spectrum only offering wide area mobile broad band access services will have problems Local operators can use TV (or radar) WS to offer indoor access Exploit benefits of TV WS for existing solutions and actors Capacity => delay or reduce need for deployment of new sites Data rate=> with aggregation higher data rates can be offered Cost? => 66

67 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 67

68 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 68

69 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k?? Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 69

70 70

71 Thanks for your attention My Link to my PhD Thesis, February 2011 Mobile Network operators and cooperation A tele-economic study of infrastructure sharing and mobile payment services 71

72 MNO using TV WS as complement Consider office areas and compare macrocell deployment and Femtocell (indoor) deployment An operator with existing sites would prefer macrocell deployment rather than femtocell deployment due to cost reasons Many femtocells are needed to ensure coverage Femtocell deployment (currently) leads to overprovisining of capacity This is an opportunity for local operators (LTE) TV WS femtocell deployment can be one way to avoid co-existence problems that occur when macro and femtocells use the same band, e.g. dead zones 72

73 Ongoing work - Use of TV WS for mobile broadband access Summary of initial results you can see different things Provisioning of MBBA in rural areas - TV white space spectrum is available - The demand is low, primary spectrum is not fully utilized MNO using TV WS for capacity expansion in urban areas - Few channels are available, still -20 MHz can be found - TV WS used as complement reduces the need to build new sites An operator without own spectrum using TV WS and own infrastructure in order to offer MBB services in urban areas - cost structure of new sites results in (too?) high costs A local operator offering indoor capacity to mobile operators - TV WS availability is higher for indoor low power deployment - Business cases supported by trend to share indoor infrastructure 73

74 MNO using TV WS as complement Consider office areas and Macrocell deployment Femtocell (indoor) deployment An operator with existing sites would prefer macrocell deployment rather than femtocell deployment due to cost reasons Many femtocells are needed to ensure coverage Femtocell deployment (currently) leads to overprovisining of capacity This is an opportunity for local operators (LTE) 74

75 General about the methodology The analysis is done for specific sub scenarios Links are established between the technical performance and the business case Key characteristics of the cost structure are identified and included in the analysis We can do the analysis without knowledge about the exact availability of spectrum, bandwidth, distribution in time and space We start to do a what IF analysis (sensitivity analysis) When detailed technical data (spectrum availability and performance) are available we can include this 75

76 Bandwitdh and spectral efficiency The available frequency channel has a bandwidth In the general case some average width and some variation in time and space Frequency The frequency channel has a spectral efficiency (SE) In the general case some average SE and some variation in time and space 76

77 Spectral efficiency We will assume an equivalent usable bandwidth and an average spectral efficiency This will be used as the resource used for dimensioning of the wireless capacity Bandwidth SE 77

78 Compare Spectral efficiency for cellullar systems Peak data rate ~10-20 bps per Hz Cell border rate < 0,10 bps per Hz Average data rate ~1-2 bps per Hz Average cell border Distance from base station 78

79 The spectral efficiency depends on The type of system used for secondary usage The deployment and location of primary and secondary system Bandwidth SE Availability data - squares 79

80 The spectral efficiency depends on The type of system used for secondary usage The deployment and location of primary and secondary system x No available TV channels per square x

81 Compare Spectral efficiency for cellullar systems Peak data rate ~10-20 bps per Hz Cell border rate < 0,10 bps per Hz Average data rate ~1-2 bps per Hz As a first step approximation this average value representative for the whole usage area is used Sensitivity analysis can be made with higher/lower values of spectral efficiency Average cell border 81

82 First approximation model With this description we can model Sharing of bands between multiple actors Variations in availability, interference levels or signal quality SE SE Bandwidth 82

83 First approximation model With this description we can model Sharing of bands between multiple actors Variations in availability, interference levels or signal quality SE SE Bandwidth Bandwidth 83

84 From British Telecom paper presented at ISART 2010: TVWS band provides coverage similar to a mobile broadband network with a 20% deployment density 84

85 Number of available TV channels in Sweden Figure 4.14 in Quasar deliverable TV channel ~ 8 MHz 5 TV channels ~ 40 MHz Compare with LTE deployment in 800 MHz band with bandwidth ~10 MHZ x x

86 Capacity, cost and cost structure of operator business cases Total cost for new site ~ X 200k Radio Total cost for new site ~ 110k Assuming 3 sector site 20 MHz of bandwidth and cell average spectral efficiency 0,7 bps per Hz (HSPA) 1,7 bps per Hz (LTE) Capacity of radio base station site ~ 40 Mbps Site and Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Radio Site And Trans Capacity of radio base station site ~ 100 Mbps Cost for upgrading an existing site ~ 30k Radio Trans New TV WS operator Greenfield MNO Existing MNO 86

87 Radio capacity Radio capacity Data Rate Data Rate 87

88 Peak data rate is very important Marketing by swedish mobile operators Compare 3G and 4G 88

89 Femtocells 89

90 Different solutions for indoor coverage DAS: Distributed Antenna System Indoor base stations Repeater Σ Base station Red MNO Base station Blue MNO 90

91 Wireless indoor solutions Indoor solutions are not only used in order to compensate for wall penetration losses Other reasons may be: Companies want ensured and dedicated capacity Companies use mobile phones as office phone Mobile operators want to increase customer loyalty Mobile operators want to offload data traffic from outdoor (more expensive?) macro networks 91

92 Indoor wireless solutions are used in two different business settings B2B2C 1. To ensure public access in shopping malls, subways, sport arenas The users are subscribers of the operators that visit the shopping mall, etc The operators have agreements with the owners of the mall, the arena, etc The service IS the ensured indoor coverage B2B 2. To provide indoor private access at company offices etc as part of a complete offer The users are the employees of the company, etc The indoor coverage is just one part of the offer Other components can be outdoor coverage, handsets, IT support and services, call centers 92

93 Options for femtocell deployment Parallell single-operator networks Less feasible due to cost and operation Multi-operator access points Cheap? not on 3GPP agenda Single operator femtocell network One multi-operator network Based on national indoor roaming 93

94 Shared indoor infrastructure Red Operator Blue Operator Payments and billing Customer rel mgmt Payments and billing Customer rel mgmt Facility owner Shared indoor infrastructure 94

95 Business feasibility of femtocells Femtocells are feasible for deployment at offices Scalable solution, access for a specific user group Open issues for femtocells deployed for public access Difficult with multiple femtocell networks Cost benefits compared to macro networks is unclear Interference problems and spectrum allocation issues 95

96 Example of deployment costs for indoor demand 4 Deployment costs Macronew sites Network CAPEX ( M )s 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 1 0,5 Femto - 4 users Macroreused denser_5_times DAS Macro-reused Capacity (Gbps) Femto-32 users 96

97 Business opportunity Business opportunity depends on the specific scenario / use case The type of service The user density, demand and willingness to pay The type of radio network deployment If the spectrum is used as the only resource or as a complement The business cases of competiting solutions 97

98 A Multitude of Multitudes - QUASAR Service Scenarios Cellular Use of White Spaces WiFi-like Use of White Spaces Secondary Wireless Backhaul Secondary Spectrum Commons in Radar Band Indoor Broadband in Aeronautical Spectrum Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Infrastructured) Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Ad hoc) 98

99 A Multitude of Multitudes - QUASAR Service Scenarios Cellular Use of White Spaces MBBA in rural areas macrocell deployment MBBA in urban areas macrocell deployment WiFi-like Use of White Spaces MBBA in urban areas - femtocell deployment Secondary Wireless Backhaul Secondary Spectrum Commons in Radar Band Indoor Broadband in Aeronautical Spectrum Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Infrastructured) Cognitive Machine-to-Machine (Ad hoc) 99

100 Scope and motivation Research question: How to evaluate the business opportunities of technical solutions and mechanisms that support the secondary use of spectrum allocated to a primary user? Project challenge: To connect the technical and business analysis 100

101 Agenda items Note on Methodology for cost & capacity analysis What can we observe if we look into wide area MBB access for capacity enhancement in urban areas What can we observe if we look into indoor MBB access services in offices and hot spot areas Summary 101

102 Agenda items Note on Methodology for cost & capacity analysis What can we observe if we look into wide area MBB access for capacity enhancement in urban areas What can we observe if we look into indoor MBB access services in offices and hot spot areas Summary 102

103 Agenda items Note on Methodology for cost & capacity analysis What can we observe if we look into wide area MBB access for capacity enhancement in urban areas What can we observe if we look into indoor MBB access services in offices and hot spot areas Summary 103

104 Analysis of business opportunities of secondary use of spectrum - The case of TV white space for mobile broadband access Jan Markendahl and Östen Mäkitalo Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm, Sweden

105 Spectrum as a resource Radio LMR TV GSM 0 GHz 1 GHz GSM 1 GHz 2 GHz UMTS ISM Radar LTE 2 GHz 3 GHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

106 Spectrum in 800 MHz band is re-allocated from TV to mobile broadband Radio LMR TV LTE GSM 0 GHz 1 GHz GSM 1 GHz 2 GHz UMTS ISM Radar LTE 2 GHz 3 GHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

107 What about allocated spectrum that is not used? Radio LMR TV LTE GSM 0 GHz 1 GHz GSM 1 GHz 2 GHz UMTS ISM Radar LTE 2 GHz 3 GHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

108 What about allocated spectrum that is not used? Can we use it for other purposes - if we not cause interference to the primary user? 0 GHz Radio LMR TV LTE GSM 1 GHz GSM 1 GHz 2 GHz UMTS ISM Radar LTE 2 GHz 3 GHz Markendahl, Sanchez and Mölleryd COST-TERRA meeting, Brussels Nov 16,

Analysis of business opportunities of secondary use of spectrum - The case of TV white space for mobile broadband access

Analysis of business opportunities of secondary use of spectrum - The case of TV white space for mobile broadband access 22 nd European Regional ITS Conference Budapest, 18-21 September, 2011 Jan Markendahl and Östen Mäkitalo Analysis of business opportunities of secondary use of spectrum - The case of TV white space for

More information

Infrastructure economics and deployment. Infrastructure economics and deployment

Infrastructure economics and deployment. Infrastructure economics and deployment Infrastructure economics and deployment Jan Markendahl jan.markendahl@radio.kth.se Wireless@KTH Senior Researcher Project Manager Communication Systems Teacher PhD Student 1 Infrastructure economics and

More information

Business Innovation Strategies to Reduce the Revenue Gap for Wireless Broadband Services

Business Innovation Strategies to Reduce the Revenue Gap for Wireless Broadband Services Business Innovation Strategies to Reduce the Revenue Gap for Wireless Broadband Services Jan MARKENDAHL, Östen MÄKITALO & Jan WERDING Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Bengt G. MÖLLERYD Swedish

More information

Business models for deployment and operation of femtocell networks; - Are new cooperation strategies needed for mobile operators?

Business models for deployment and operation of femtocell networks; - Are new cooperation strategies needed for mobile operators? Paper to be presented at 21 st European Regional ITS Conference, Copenhagen, 13-15 September 2010 Business models for deployment and operation of femtocell networks; - Are new cooperation strategies needed

More information

White paper. Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects

White paper. Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects White paper Mobile broadband with HSPA and LTE capacity and cost aspects Contents 3 Radio capacity of mobile broadband 7 The cost of mobile broadband capacity 10 Summary 11 Abbreviations The latest generation

More information

Full paper to the International Telecommunications Society 17th Biennial Conference June 24th - 27th 2008, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Full paper to the International Telecommunications Society 17th Biennial Conference June 24th - 27th 2008, Montréal, Québec, Canada Full paper to the International Telecommunications Society 17th Biennial Conference June 24th - 27th 2008, Montréal, Québec, Canada Title: Business models and business role interaction for wireless broadband

More information

LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB

LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB LTE, WLAN, BLUETOOTHB AND Aditya K. Jagannatham FUTURE Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Commonwealth of Learning Vancouver 4G LTE LTE (Long Term Evolution) is the 4G wireless cellular standard developed

More information

app coverage applied EXTRACT FROM THE ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT

app coverage applied EXTRACT FROM THE ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT app applied EXTRACT FROM THE ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT NOVEMBER 2013 App COVERAGE applied The use of smartphones and tablets has caused a surge in mobile data around the world. Today, users want reliable

More information

Deployment of UMTS in 900 MHz band

Deployment of UMTS in 900 MHz band FORUM WHITE PAPER Deployment of in MHz band 1. Introduction IMT-2000/ service was launched in the core band (1920-1980 MHz/2110-2170 MHz) during the year 2001, and by mid-2006 there are more than 75 million

More information

The Business Case for Service Provider Wi-Fi Addressing the tremendous growth in mobile data traffic in a scalable and cost effective manner

The Business Case for Service Provider Wi-Fi Addressing the tremendous growth in mobile data traffic in a scalable and cost effective manner white paper The Business Case for The mobile industry is seeing rapid growth in data traffic. This started with the launch of the iphone back in 2007 and has continued unabated for the last 5 years. Most

More information

SURVEY OF LTE AND LTE ADVANCED SYSTEM

SURVEY OF LTE AND LTE ADVANCED SYSTEM IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Engineering & Technology (IMPACT: IJRET) ISSN(E): 2321-8843; ISSN(P): 2347-4599 Vol. 2, Issue 5, May 2014, 1-6 Impact Journals SURVEY OF LTE AND LTE ADVANCED

More information

Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces. Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011

Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces. Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011 Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011 Spectrum is the basis for any mobile radio communication service Satellites (1,5 2,2

More information

Analysis of Macro - Femtocell Interference and Implications for Spectrum Allocation

Analysis of Macro - Femtocell Interference and Implications for Spectrum Allocation Analysis of Macro - Femtocell Interference and Implications for Spectrum Allocation Juan Espino, Jan Markendahl, Aurelian Bria Wireless@KTH, The Royal institute of Technology, Electrum 48, SE-4 4 Kista,

More information

communication over wireless link handling mobile user who changes point of attachment to network

communication over wireless link handling mobile user who changes point of attachment to network Wireless Networks Background: # wireless (mobile) phone subscribers now exceeds # wired phone subscribers! computer nets: laptops, palmtops, PDAs, Internet-enabled phone promise anytime untethered Internet

More information

Technical and economical assessment of selected LTE-A schemes.

Technical and economical assessment of selected LTE-A schemes. Technical and economical assessment of selected LTE-A schemes. Heinz Droste,, Darmstadt Project Field Intelligent Wireless Technologies & Networks 1 Mobile Networks enabler for connected life & work. Textbox

More information

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets Nokia Siemens Networks LTE 1800 MHz Introducing LTE with maximum reuse of GSM assets White paper Table of contents 1. Overview... 3 2. 1800 MHz spectrum... 3 3. Traffic Migration... 5 4. Deploying LTE-GSM

More information

NETWORK COOPERATION BETWEEN MOBILE OPERATORS - WHY AND HOW COMPETITORS COOPERATE? Abstract

NETWORK COOPERATION BETWEEN MOBILE OPERATORS - WHY AND HOW COMPETITORS COOPERATE? Abstract Paper submitted to the IMP Conference 2103, Atlanta NETWORK COOPERATION BETWEEN MOBILE OPERATORS - WHY AND HOW COMPETITORS COOPERATE? Jan Markendahl and Amirhossein Ghanbari Wireless@KTH, Royal Institute

More information

LTE License Assisted Access

LTE License Assisted Access LTE License Assisted Access Mobility Demand 41% mobile users highly satisfied with indoor mobility users will pay more for better service Willingness to pay: Indoor vs. Outdoor 8x Growth in Smartphone

More information

Full paper submitted to 19 th European Regional ITS Conference Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, 18-20 September 2008

Full paper submitted to 19 th European Regional ITS Conference Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, 18-20 September 2008 Full paper submitted to 19 th European Regional ITS Conference Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, 18-20 September 2008 Title: Analysis of Cost Structure and Business Model options for Wireless Access

More information

Is there enough Spectrum for Future Wireless Access?

Is there enough Spectrum for Future Wireless Access? Is there enough Spectrum for Future Wireless Access? Jens Zander Scientific Director, Wireless@KTH KTH The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden 1 Some key trends in Wireless Systems 2 Dominant

More information

Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks. Md Shamsul Alam

Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks. Md Shamsul Alam Cooperative Techniques in LTE- Advanced Networks Md Shamsul Alam Person-to-person communications Rich voice Video telephony, video conferencing SMS/MMS Content delivery Mobile TV High quality video streaming

More information

World LTE Trends LTE INDONESIA: TECHNOLOGY, REGULATION, ECOSYSTEM & APPLICATION MASTEL Event, July 16 th Guillaume Mascot

World LTE Trends LTE INDONESIA: TECHNOLOGY, REGULATION, ECOSYSTEM & APPLICATION MASTEL Event, July 16 th Guillaume Mascot World LTE Trends LTE INDONESIA: TECHNOLOGY, REGULATION, ECOSYSTEM & APPLICATION MASTEL Event, July 16 th Guillaume Mascot 1 AGENDA 1 Worldwide and regional Trends 2 enodeb Spectrum & & eutran Eco-system

More information

Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful

Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful Digital Dividend Making the broadband business successful Achieving the highly desired ubiquitous broadband coverage is firmly on the agendas of governments and their subordinate agencies, telecommunication

More information

LTE in Unlicensed Spectrum: European Regulation and Co-existence Considerations

LTE in Unlicensed Spectrum: European Regulation and Co-existence Considerations 3GPP workshop on LTE in unlicensed spectrum Sophia Antipolis, France, June 13, 2014 RWS-140002 LTE in Unlicensed Spectrum: European Regulation and Co-existence Considerations Sari Nielsen & Antti Toskala

More information

Deployment Trends That Impact Your Business

Deployment Trends That Impact Your Business DAS and Small Cell Solutions Deployment Trends That Impact Your Business HetNet Forum The HetNet Forum, formerly The DAS Forum, is dedicated to the advancement of heterogeneous networks. HetNets provide

More information

Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials. Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13

Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials. Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13 Sharing experiences from small cell backhaul trials Andy Sutton Principal Network Architect Network Strategy, Architecture & Design 31/01/13 Contents 1. Overview of EE 2G/3G/4G/WiFi Network 2. Understanding

More information

Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks

Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks July 2007-26 September 2007 Question no. 1: What is your

More information

LTE on Shared Bands (LEONARD)

LTE on Shared Bands (LEONARD) LTE on Shared Bands (LEONARD) Kari Rikkinen TEKES TRIAL seminar 15.02.2012 Renesas Mobile Corporation Department name 2012/3/28 Rev. 0.00 2010 Renesas Mobile Corporation. All rights reserved. 00000-A Introduction

More information

Mobile Network Operators and Cooperation

Mobile Network Operators and Cooperation Mobile Network Operators and Cooperation A Tele-Economic Study of Infrastructure Sharing and Mobile Payment Services JAN MARKENDAHL PhD Thesis in Telecommunications Stockholm, Sweden 2011 Mobile Network

More information

White Paper: Microcells A Solution to the Data Traffic Growth in 3G Networks?

White Paper: Microcells A Solution to the Data Traffic Growth in 3G Networks? White Paper: Microcells A Solution to the Data Traffic Growth in 3G Networks? By Peter Gould, Consulting Services Director, Multiple Access Communications Limited www.macltd.com May 2010 Microcells were

More information

LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization

LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Nokia Networks LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Nokia Networks white paper LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation Optimization Contents Introduction 3 Carrier Aggregation in live networks 4 Multi-band

More information

LTE: Technology and Health. 4G and Mobile Broadband

LTE: Technology and Health. 4G and Mobile Broadband LTE: Technology and Health 4G and Mobile Broadband LTE Technology and Health Mobile Broadband typically refers to providing customers with high speed data while on the move. There are several technologies

More information

Spectrum for mobile A Swedish perspective for 2020 and beyond. Post- och telestyrelsen

Spectrum for mobile A Swedish perspective for 2020 and beyond. Post- och telestyrelsen Spectrum for mobile A Swedish perspective for 2020 and beyond Post- och telestyrelsen Jan Boström Expert Adviser, The Swedish Post and Telecom Authority Section for Spectrum Analysis Post- och telestyrelsen

More information

The future of mobile networking. David Kessens <david.kessens@nsn.com>

The future of mobile networking. David Kessens <david.kessens@nsn.com> The future of mobile networking David Kessens Introduction Current technologies Some real world measurements LTE New wireless technologies Conclusion 2 The future of mobile networking

More information

LTE Evolution for Cellular IoT Ericsson & NSN

LTE Evolution for Cellular IoT Ericsson & NSN LTE Evolution for Cellular IoT Ericsson & NSN LTE Evolution for Cellular IoT Overview and introduction White Paper on M2M is geared towards low cost M2M applications Utility (electricity/gas/water) metering

More information

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE HSDPA. Shared Channel Transmission

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE HSDPA. Shared Channel Transmission HSDPA Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. part 5: HSPA and LTE Enhanced Support for Downlink Packet Data Higher Capacity Higher Peak data rates Lower round trip delay Part

More information

Bringing Mobile Broadband to Rural Areas. Ulrich Rehfuess Head of Spectrum Policy and Regulation Nokia Siemens Networks

Bringing Mobile Broadband to Rural Areas. Ulrich Rehfuess Head of Spectrum Policy and Regulation Nokia Siemens Networks Bringing Mobile Broadband to Rural Areas Ulrich Rehfuess Head of Spectrum Policy and Regulation Nokia Siemens Networks Agenda Drivers in Mobile Broadband Why LTE? Market Status, Networks and Devices Implementation

More information

HSPA, LTE and beyond. HSPA going strong. PRESS INFORMATION February 11, 2011

HSPA, LTE and beyond. HSPA going strong. PRESS INFORMATION February 11, 2011 HSPA, LTE and beyond The online multimedia world made possible by mobile broadband has changed people s perceptions of data speeds and network service quality. Regardless of where they are, consumers no

More information

HSPA+ and LTE Test Challenges for Multiformat UE Developers

HSPA+ and LTE Test Challenges for Multiformat UE Developers HSPA+ and LTE Test Challenges for Multiformat UE Developers Presented by: Jodi Zellmer, Agilent Technologies Agenda Introduction FDD Technology Evolution Technology Overview Market Overview The Future

More information

Heterogeneous networks increasing cellular capacity

Heterogeneous networks increasing cellular capacity Expanding mobile network capacity Heterogeneous networks increasing cellular capacity Heterogeneous networks are an attractive means of expanding mobile network capacity. A hetero geneous network is typically

More information

www.ovum.com LTE450 Julian Bright, Senior Analyst Julian.bright@ovum.com LTE450 Global Seminar 2014 Copyright Ovum 2014. All rights reserved.

www.ovum.com LTE450 Julian Bright, Senior Analyst Julian.bright@ovum.com LTE450 Global Seminar 2014 Copyright Ovum 2014. All rights reserved. www.ovum.com LTE450 Julian Bright, Senior Analyst Julian.bright@ovum.com LTE450 Global Seminar 2014 We are integrating 2 complementary ITM businesses Telecoms & IT Research Telecoms & Media Research 60+

More information

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS: A REALITY CHECK

LTE BACKHAUL REQUIREMENTS: A REALITY CHECK By: Peter Croy, Sr. Network Architect, Aviat Networks INTRODUCTION LTE mobile broadband technology is now being launched across the world with more than 140 service providers committed to implement it

More information

COMPATIBILITY STUDY FOR UMTS OPERATING WITHIN THE GSM 900 AND GSM 1800 FREQUENCY BANDS

COMPATIBILITY STUDY FOR UMTS OPERATING WITHIN THE GSM 900 AND GSM 1800 FREQUENCY BANDS Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) COMPATIBILITY STUDY FOR UMTS OPERATING WITHIN THE GSM 900 AND GSM 1800 FREQUENCY

More information

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz)

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) 1 2 The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) Frequencies of RF devices range from the low frequency AM broadcasts (80 MHz) to higher frequency mobile phones (1900 MHz) smart meters

More information

Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges. Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012

Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges. Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012 Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges Ron Nadiv, VP R&D May 2012 Wireless Backhaul Trends & Challenges Presentation Overview Ceragon at a glance Cellular Backhaul & Microwave PtP Radios Market & Technology

More information

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications Presentation for the Latin America Spectrum Conference 2012 Amit Nagpal 25 October 2012 2 How do we resolve the capacity

More information

3GPP & unlicensed spectrum

3GPP & unlicensed spectrum IEEE 802 Interim Session Atlanta, USA Jan 11-16, 2015 doc.: IEEE 802.19-15/0008r0 3GPP & unlicensed spectrum Dino Flore Chairman of 3GPP TSG-RAN (Qualcomm Technologies Inc.) 3GPP 2013 3GPP & unlicensed

More information

Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul

Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul WIRELESS 20 20 Rethinking Small Cell Backhaul A Business Case Analysis of Cost-Effective Small Cell Backhaul Network Solutions The Wireless 20/20 WiROI Wireless Business Case Analysis Tool enables mobile

More information

Interference in LTE Small Cells:

Interference in LTE Small Cells: Interference in LTE Small Cells: Status, Solutions, Perspectives. Forum on small cells, 2012, December. IEEE Globecom 2012 Presenter: Dr Guillaume de la Roche Mindspeed France 1 Mindspeed: Short history

More information

LTE Release 8 and beyond. February 2009

LTE Release 8 and beyond. February 2009 LTE Release 8 and beyond February 2009 Disclaimer Nothing in this presentation is an offer to sell any of the parts referenced herein. This presentation may reference and/or show images of parts and/or

More information

General Survey of Radio Frequency Bands 30 MHz to 3 GHz

General Survey of Radio Frequency Bands 30 MHz to 3 GHz General Survey of Radio Frequency Bands 30 MHz to 3 GHz Version 2.0 September 23, 2010 Prepared by: Shared Spectrum Company 1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 110 Vienna, VA 22182-2228 703-761-2818 Fax: 703-761-2817

More information

Architecture and transport for mobile broadband backhaul. Kåre Gustafsson Ericsson Research 2010-11-04

Architecture and transport for mobile broadband backhaul. Kåre Gustafsson Ericsson Research 2010-11-04 Architecture and transport for mobile broadband backhaul Kåre Gustafsson Ericsson Research 2010-11-04 outline Technology and market drivers Link technologies Backhauling of Heterogeneous Networks Main

More information

Introduction to Clean-Slate Cellular IoT radio access solution. Robert Young (Neul) David Zhang (Huawei)

Introduction to Clean-Slate Cellular IoT radio access solution. Robert Young (Neul) David Zhang (Huawei) Introduction to Clean-Slate Cellular IoT radio access solution Robert Young (Neul) David Zhang (Huawei) Page 11 Introduction and motivation There is a huge opportunity for Mobile Network Operators to exploit

More information

Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009

Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009 Network Cost Cutting Rural Cellular Association October 22, 2009 page 1 Agenda > Market Drivers > The Problem with Leased Lines > The Problem with Fiber > Economics of Microwave > TDM to IP Migration >

More information

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) September 2013 1. Introduction Fast uptake of Machine- to Machine (M2M) applications and an installed

More information

small cells portfolio: integrating macro with small cells for best coverage and capacity

small cells portfolio: integrating macro with small cells for best coverage and capacity small cells portfolio: integrating macro with small cells for best coverage and capacity Nokia Solutions and Networks is extending its small cells offering to bring operators maximum benefit from combining

More information

1000x: More spectrum especially for small cells

1000x: More spectrum especially for small cells November 2013 1000x: More spectrum especially for small cells Including ASA a new license model to access underutilized, high quality spectrum 1 Mobile data traffic growth industry preparing for 1000x

More information

The ACS therefore believes the Federal government should encourage reuse of existing networks as much as possible.

The ACS therefore believes the Federal government should encourage reuse of existing networks as much as possible. Australian Computer Society Inc. (ACT) ARBN 160 325 931 Level 11, 50 Carrington Street Sydney, NSW 2000 T 02 9299 3666 The Manager Mobile Coverage Programme Department of Communications GPO Box 2154 CANBERRA

More information

BAY OF PLENTY COUNCILS BROADBAND BUSINESS CASE STUDY SPECTRUM AUCTION REVIEW. April 2007

BAY OF PLENTY COUNCILS BROADBAND BUSINESS CASE STUDY SPECTRUM AUCTION REVIEW. April 2007 BAY OF PLENTY COUNCILS BROADBAND BUSINESS CASE STUDY SPECTRUM AUCTION REVIEW April 2007 GDI Ground Floor, 201 Wickham Terrace PO Box 782 Spring Hill, Qld 4004. Telephone: +61(7) 3832 1222 Facsimile: +61(7)

More information

Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band)

Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band) Small Cell Technology Overview ( and 3.5GHz Small Cell CBS Band) Milind Buddhikot, Rob Soni March 13, 2013 1 FCC 3.5 GHz NPRM Workshop MMB Bandwidth Hungry Applications will Continue the Wireless Data

More information

FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY

FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY FIBRE TO THE BTS IMPROVING NETWORK FLEXIBILITY & ENERGY EFFICIENCY (Study Paper by FLA Division) Ram Krishna Dy. Director General (FLA) TEC New Delhi, DoT, Govt. of India. E-mail: ddgfla.tec@gov.in Mrs.

More information

DVB-T and Wireless Microphone Exclusion Area Computation Through Interference Analysis

DVB-T and Wireless Microphone Exclusion Area Computation Through Interference Analysis SE43(11)Info 12 DVB-T and Wireless Microphone Exclusion Area Computation Through Interference Analysis Rogério Dionísio Instituto de Telecomunicações - Portugal 11th SE43 meeting, 19 September 2011 Page

More information

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction Wireless communications have evolved rapidly since the emergence of 2G networks. 4G technology (also called LTE), enables to answer the new data market

More information

NSN White paper February 2014. Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler

NSN White paper February 2014. Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler NSN White paper February 2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks Smart Scheduler CONTENTS 1. Introduction 3 2. Smart Scheduler Features and Benefits 4 3. Smart Scheduler wit Explicit Multi-Cell Coordination

More information

Network Sharing. Tekna Semianaret Mobilt Bredbånd, Mars 2011 Frode Bøhagen

Network Sharing. Tekna Semianaret Mobilt Bredbånd, Mars 2011 Frode Bøhagen Network Sharing Tekna Semianaret Mobilt Bredbånd, Mars 2011 Frode Bøhagen Content Introduction Definition Drivers Network Sharing Scenarios Experiences with Active Sharing Conclusion 2 00 Month 0000 Content

More information

New way of thinking for RAN Evolution

New way of thinking for RAN Evolution New way of thinking for RAN Evolution DEMAND For App Coverage drives network evolution Delivering Best App Coverage Continued growth in Mobile data traffic 9.2 10 mobile subscriptions by the end of 2020

More information

CHAPTER 1 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 1 INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Wireless Networks Background 1.1.1 Evolution of Wireless Networks Figure 1.1 shows a general view of the evolution of wireless networks. It is well known that the first successful

More information

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. Lecture 2.1: Voice in GSM

Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. Lecture 2.1: Voice in GSM Dimensioning, configuration and deployment of Radio Access Networks. Lecture.: Voice in GSM GSM Specified by ETSI Frequency Division Duplex TDMA system Originally at 900MHz, but today also at 800, 800,

More information

3GPP Wireless Standard

3GPP Wireless Standard 3GPP Wireless Standard Shishir Pandey School of Technology and Computer Science TIFR, Mumbai April 10, 2009 Shishir Pandey (TIFR) 3GPP Wireless Standard April 10, 2009 1 / 23 3GPP Overview 3GPP : 3rd Generation

More information

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Foreword Every once in a while the telecommunications industry experiences a technological and commercial revolution. One such revolution took place in the

More information

Techniques for increasing the capacity of wireless broadband networks: UK, 2012-2030

Techniques for increasing the capacity of wireless broadband networks: UK, 2012-2030 Techniques for increasing the capacity of wireless broadband networks: UK, 2012-2030 Produced by Real Wireless on behalf of Ofcom Issued to: Ofcom Real Wireless Ltd PO Box 2218 Pulborough t +44 2071178514

More information

Wireless Information Transmission System Lab. Introduction to Wireless Communications

Wireless Information Transmission System Lab. Introduction to Wireless Communications Wireless Information Transmission System Lab. Introduction to Wireless Communications Wireless Communication Systems Network Radio wave wire wire LAN Network Base station transceiver LAN 2 Wireless Technologies

More information

WHITE PAPER. Realistic LTE Performance From Peak Rate to Subscriber Experience

WHITE PAPER. Realistic LTE Performance From Peak Rate to Subscriber Experience WHITE PAPER Realistic LTE Performance From Peak Rate to Subscriber Experience Realistic LTE Performance From Peak Rate to Subscriber Experience Introduction Peak data rates are often perceived as actual

More information

Mobile broadband for all

Mobile broadband for all ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3195 Rev B March 2015 Mobile broadband for all optimizing radio technologies As operators roll out LTE 4G networks, WCDMA/HSPA 3G technology is rapidly shifting from the

More information

How to deploy and operate mobile networks in an energy efficient manner?

How to deploy and operate mobile networks in an energy efficient manner? How to deploy and operate mobile networks in an energy efficient manner? EARTH Training Workshop June 13 th 2012, Grenoble, France István Gódor Ericsson Research, Hungary Work Package Leader, EARTH Project.

More information

A Comparison of LTE Advanced HetNets and Wi-Fi

A Comparison of LTE Advanced HetNets and Wi-Fi Qualcomm Incorporated October 2011 QUALCOMM is a registered trademark of QUALCOMM Incorporated in the United States and may be registered in other countries. Other product and brand names may be trademarks

More information

Heterogeneous LTE Networks and Inter-Cell Interference Coordination

Heterogeneous LTE Networks and Inter-Cell Interference Coordination Heterogeneous LTE Networks and Inter-Cell Interference Coordination Volker Pauli, Juan Diego Naranjo, Eiko Seidel Nomor Research GmbH, Munich, Germany December, 2010 Summary Initial deployments of LTE

More information

Basic Network Design

Basic Network Design Frequency Reuse and Planning Cellular Technology enables mobile communication because they use of a complex two-way radio system between the mobile unit and the wireless network. It uses radio frequencies

More information

Simulation and Performance Evaluation of co-existing GSM and UMTS systems Master Thesis

Simulation and Performance Evaluation of co-existing GSM and UMTS systems Master Thesis DEPARTMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT Simulation and Performance Evaluation of co-existing GSM and UMTS systems Master Thesis Author: Laura Cutillas Sánchez January 2010 Master s Program in Electronics/Telecommunications

More information

Mobile broadband. Trends and future evolution. LUIS MUCHACHO MBB Customer Solutions

Mobile broadband. Trends and future evolution. LUIS MUCHACHO MBB Customer Solutions Mobile broadband Trends and future evolution LUIS MUCHACHO MBB Customer Solutions Mobile Broadband - Trends and Future Evolution Commercial in confidence 2014-05-29 Page 1 Working with customers in >180

More information

Use Current Success to Develop Future Business

Use Current Success to Develop Future Business >THIS IS THE WAY Use Current Success to Develop Future Business Malur Narayan / Nitin Khanna February 2005 >THIS IS Wireless Broadband Opportunities & Segments Mobile Broadband Access Enterprise Broadband

More information

EVALUATING BUSINESS SCENARIOS FOR USE OF GEO-LOCATION DATABASE IN TV WHITE SPACES FROM THE OPERATOR POINT OF VIEW 7TH COST-TERRA MEETING

EVALUATING BUSINESS SCENARIOS FOR USE OF GEO-LOCATION DATABASE IN TV WHITE SPACES FROM THE OPERATOR POINT OF VIEW 7TH COST-TERRA MEETING FACULTY OF INFORMATICS EVALUATING BUSINESS SCENARIOS FOR USE OF GEO-LOCATION DATABASE IN TV WHITE SPACES FROM THE OPERATOR POINT OF VIEW 7TH COST-TERRA MEETING 8th April 203, Thessaloniki OUTLINE FOCUSES

More information

Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling

Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling Small-Cell Wireless Backhauling A Non-Line-of-Sight Approach for Point-to-Point Microwave Links M. Coldrey*, H. Koorapaty**, J.-E. Berg***, Z. Ghebretensaé***, J. Hansryd****, A. Derneryd*, S. Falahati***

More information

LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad

LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad LTE-Advanced: qué aportará a los operadores más allá de mayor capacidad y velocidad Erasmo Rojas Director of Latin America & Caribbean 4G Americas 11 junio de 2013 4G Americas Board of Governors Mobile

More information

Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report

Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report . Report for Vodafone Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report 27 February 2014 Dr James Allen, Dr Franck Chevalier, Burcu Bora Ref: 39013-86 Mobile backhaul market: Phase 1 report 1 Contents 1 Introduction

More information

By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG)

By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) Economics of 450 MHz band for the Smart Grid and Smart Metering By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) September 2013 1. Introduction Alliander in The Netherlands is the first utility

More information

Ericsson Executive Summit on Broadband Mobility. Cypress Hotel December 11, 2008 Cupertino, CA

Ericsson Executive Summit on Broadband Mobility. Cypress Hotel December 11, 2008 Cupertino, CA Ericsson Executive Summit on Broadband Mobility Cypress Hotel December 11, 2008 Cupertino, CA Safe Harbor Statement This presentation contains forward looking statements. Such statements are based on our

More information

NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations

NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations NLOS Wireless Backhaul for Small Cell Base Stations Total Cost of Ownership Comparison with Optical Fiber By Frank Rayal VP, Product Management BLiNQ Networks Inc. WHITEPAPER October 22, 2010 Table of

More information

Business Opportunities and Scenarios for Cognitive Radio Systems

Business Opportunities and Scenarios for Cognitive Radio Systems White Paper Business Opportunities and Scenarios for Cognitive Radio Systems ABSTRACT The European Commission project QoSMOS specifies and develops a cognitive radio system which will allow opportunistic

More information

5G radio access. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3204 Rev B February 2015

5G radio access. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3204 Rev B February 2015 ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3204 Rev B February 2015 5G radio access TECHNOLOGY AND CAPABILITIES To enable connectivity for a wide range of new applications and use cases, the capabilities of 5G wireless

More information

5G And Wireless Broadband Evolution

5G And Wireless Broadband Evolution 5G And Wireless Broadband Evolution John E. Smee, Ph.D. Sr. Director, Engineering Johannesberg Summit May 13, 2014 Agenda 5G Vision Use Cases Key Areas of Improvement Technical Enablers 2 5G is about enabling

More information

Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks

Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks Challenges in Future Wireless Broadband Access Networks C1 Öffentlich / Public Version 1.0 Dr. Andreas Jungmaier Network Strategy & Assessment / TNS Vodafone D2 The Future of Broadband Wireless 26. Treffen

More information

CARLETON UNIVERSITY Department of Systems and Computer Engineering. SYSC4700 Telecommunications Engineering Winter 2014. Term Exam 13 February 2014

CARLETON UNIVERSITY Department of Systems and Computer Engineering. SYSC4700 Telecommunications Engineering Winter 2014. Term Exam 13 February 2014 CARLETON UNIVERSITY Department of Systems and Computer Engineering SYSC4700 Telecommunications Engineering Winter 2014 Term Exam 13 February 2014 Duration: 75 minutes Instructions: 1. Closed-book exam

More information

Rethinking the Small Cell Business Model

Rethinking the Small Cell Business Model CASE STUDY Intelligent Small Cell Trial Intel Architecture Rethinking the Small Cell Business Model In 2011 mobile data traffic experienced a 2.3 fold increase, reaching over 597 petabytes per month. 1

More information

SkyWay-Mobile. Broadband Wireless Solution

SkyWay-Mobile. Broadband Wireless Solution SkyWay-Mobile Broadband Wireless Solution Wonderful World of Wireless The era of ubiquitous communication has arrived. Region by region, country by country and continent by continent, wireless connectivity

More information

App coverage. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015

App coverage. ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015 ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3212 Rev B August 2015 App coverage effectively relating network performance to user experience Mobile broadband networks, smart devices and apps bring significant benefits

More information

NKTH A*STAR (Singapore) Program

NKTH A*STAR (Singapore) Program NKTH A*STAR (Singapore) Program Code and name of subprogram / dedicated call NKTH_A*STAR (Szingapur) 2011 Project identifier TET_10_SG_STAR_KOMR-InCell10 Intelligent cellular network: A Two-Tier Cellular

More information

Attenuation (amplitude of the wave loses strength thereby the signal power) Refraction Reflection Shadowing Scattering Diffraction

Attenuation (amplitude of the wave loses strength thereby the signal power) Refraction Reflection Shadowing Scattering Diffraction Wireless Physical Layer Q1. Is it possible to transmit a digital signal, e.g., coded as square wave as used inside a computer, using radio transmission without any loss? Why? It is not possible to transmit

More information

Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) Technology

Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) Technology Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) Technology Dai Kimura Hiroyuki Seki Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a promising standard for next-generation cellular systems targeted to have a peak downlink bit

More information

Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond

Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond Evolution of the Air Interface From 2G Through 4G and Beyond Presentation to IEEE Ottawa Section / Alliance of IEEE Consultants Network (AICN) - 2nd May 2012 Frank Rayal BLiNQ Networks/ Telesystem Innovations

More information