What makes a queen bee a queen?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "What makes a queen bee a queen?"

Transcription

1 Issue No. 15 Oct~Dec 2014 IN THIS ISSUE Cover story: What makes a queen bee a queen? Page 3: The must do s during colony division Page 4: The forms of re-queening a colony in beekeeping Page 6: Is it bee-killing, bee-having or bee-keeping? What makes a queen bee a queen? The queen bee is the only reproductive female in the hive. Her job is to lay eggs and produce queen substance (pheromones). When a new queen starts life, she mates only once with drones outside the hive. The queen is unique because it has a mandibular gland. It secretes queen pheromones that do the following; Inhibits construction of further queen cells by worker bees. Restricts ovary development in the workers. Attracts drones to the queen on her mating flight. Attracts the workers to the queen in the hive. Helps a swarm or colony move as a cohesive unit. (Cont d on Page 2)

2 Page 2 Issue 15 The Queen bee with her large thorax and anatomy of the head highlighting the mandibular gland. What makes a queen bee a queen? (cont d) A queen bee controls all activities that are carried out in the colony as well as the behavior of the colony. The strength of the colony depends on the performance of the queen. A lazy queen that lays few eggs or more unfertilized eggs will make the colony to be dormant. Unfertilized eggs hatch to become drone bees that do don t produce honey. The queen is physiologically larger in body size. It has a cylindrical abdomen big enough to accommodate the well developed reproductive female parts adopted for egg laying. The queen has wings that cover the whole abdomen that is a light wood varnish colour larger thorax and head parts as compared to worker bees. The queen develops from larvae specially fed with royal jelly by the worker bees in order to become sexually mature. There is normally only one queen in a hive. The workers will usually follow and fiercely protect her. A well-fed queen of quality stock can lay about 1,500 eggs per day (more than her own bodyweight in eggs). She is continuously surrounded by worker bees who meet her every need - feeding her and disposing of her waste. The attendant worker bees also collect and then distribute queen mandibular pheromone, a pheromone that inhibits the workers from starting queen cells.

3 Page 3 Issue 15 The must do s during colony division Dividing a hive colony can help prevent swarming and create two more productive hives from the one. Some tips to remember: The hive with the old queen should be moved to a new location and the new colony should be left in the old or original location such that the returning foragers from the field can enter the new hive and increase the hive population. During colony division, include young and mature brood in the new colony/hive. Include the combs have 1-2 days old eggs in case there is a problem on all the developing queen bees in the queen cells, the bees can still raise another queen in 3-4 days. If larvae is not present in the new hive, take a comb/frame with fresh larvae from the old hive and place it in the new hive for the bees to raise a new queen. This is because bees produce royal jelly at the age of 3-10 days. Make sure you carry out supplementary feeding of the two colonies after carrying out colony division to strengthen each hive. Observations in the new hive should be made at the earliest after 14 days for better supervision of the progress of the colony. If you are limited of space, make sure you notify the neighbors of your new interventions so that they can be careful of their animals. Your apiary must have shade, this helps in temperature regulation in cases of extreme sunshine, when setting your hives make sure you note the direction of sunshine. Morning sunshine is important for the bees because it gives them energy to start working very early and in the afternoon,. Look after your apiary properly and you will be rewarded with high quality, sweet golden honey!

4 Page 4 Issue 15 The forms of re-queening a colony Re-queening is a practice of introducing a young queen in to an old colony to replace the old unproductive queen. It is a vital practice through which a beekeeper can improve the strength and productivity of the beehive. Also it helps to control swarming of bees. Re-queening can be carried out after every two to three years when the old queen becomes non-productive or a failing queen. This can be carried out in a number of ways; Grafting Method 1. Grafting 1-2 day old eggs into queen cell cups using a grafting needle, then putting the top bar or frame with the fixed queen cups inside the hive with a colony so that the nurse bees can fill the eggs in the cups with royal jelly. At the larvae stage of the developing queens, put a queen cage around the queen cells. After the queens emerge, each one can be introduced in another colony to replace the old queen. Cross section of the queen larvae that hang vertically from the honeycomb. Doolittle Method 2. Re-queening can be carried out simply with not many skills by taking 1-2 brood and fresh worker brood frames or top bars from a strong colony and swap Queen caging During colony division and swarm capturing, caging the queen is necessary because it will assure you that the worker bees remain in the hive. They live to protect her as well as the colony and this makes them always stay where the queen is. If a rare case of bees absconding occurs it means that the caged bee was not the queen and you mistakably left the queen bee free and another bee was caged instead. Another reason is the queen was too old or too lazy to control the colony the bees decide to supersede her and move on.

5 Page 5 Issue 15 The forms of re-queening a colony (cont d) them to a colony with an old weak or failing queen so that the failed colony will raise a new queen and reject the old and less active one. In this way successful re-queening has been carried out. Supercedure Method 3. Carried out indirectly by encouraging and forcing a colony to raise a new queen. This is done by killing the queen in that colony to become queen-less. The worker bees will select young larvae from the comb, feed them on royal jelly to produce queens. They will create three to six queen cells. When the first queen appears she will kill the other queens. For more comprehensive information on queen rearing please go to our tutorials page on our website at ***Interestly the victorious queen when she emerges from her cell makes a particular sound called Quarking the other queens still in their cells will respond leading her to them and their untimely death. Get our new book ~ Beekeeping as a Business A comprehensive guide to commercial beekeeping - apiary selection, baiting, equipment usage, maximising your profit, processing, queen rearing, bee theory and much more... Pre-order your copy now for ony 15,000Ushs (20,000) Call

6 Page 6 Issue 15 Is it bee-killing, bee-having or bee-keeping? Bee-killing (Honey hunting) Honey has been hunted and robbed from wild bee nests for generations. The hunter will look for wild colonies in forests. Using fire and smoke to control the bees they will take the honeycomb and often the bees will abscond. Also when this happens the nests are destroyed and bees are killed by using fire resulting into environmental destruction. It is a process still employed today as it does not involve investment or expenditure. This system is discouraging to keeping of bees with the bees behaviour becoming more and more aggressive from being attacked by humans. Also honey collected is also of poor quality with honeycombs mixed with larvae, pollen and old comb. There is also alot of smoke and ash that taints the smell and flavour of the honey. Bee-having Is a term commonly associated with farmers who have beehives but do not apply methods of formal beekeeping such as apiary maintenance or pest control. Harvesting methods used are generally similar to the above honey hunting method using fire and smoke. Here you have bees in a formal apiary on the farm and allow regular harvesting. It is a transitional step to formal beekeepings system that is a step in the right direction but the farmer is not making the most of it and enjoying large harvests of honey and other hive products.

7 Page 7 Issue 15 Is it bee-killing, bee-having or bee-keeping? (cont d) Beehives commonly used can be any as it is the methodology used rather than the hive itself that defines the practise. Bees can be housed in hollowed sections of tree trunks, clay pots, gourds, bark hives, or woven twigs and mud baskets that make it difficult to employ formal beekeeping practises. Combs are fixed on the hive ceiling are difficult to manipulate. The farmer provides protection to the bee colony in return for periodic harvests of honey, wax and other bee products. The idea is to maintain the colony for future harvests instead of destroying it for a one-time harvest. Both bee-killing and bee-having are carried on with very little understanding of technical use. It is not uncommon to find bee-having among farmers who have relatively sophisticated equipment which allows for management of their colonies. They remain bee-haver s because they lack the training to make optimal use of their equipment. Bee-keeping Here beehives are kept in a formal apiary similar to bee-having. Designs such as Kenyan top-bar hives and Langstroth hives in which combs are manipulated in movable hives without disturbing neighboring combs. Beekeeping implies the manipulation of a bee colony based on some understanding of the bees. Bees are furthermore conserved and more yields of hive or bee products are harvested regularly for years to come. Also it involves utilising beekeeping equipment that protects you from being stung, prevents bee deaths and for ease okf management and harvesting working with this painful but sweet providing creature. Beekeeping therefore can be lucrative at any level of technology, but the level used should fit together with the local cultural,environmental and economic reality.

8 PHOTO GALLERY KTB hive inspection. Nectar sources of far north Karamoja. Providing farmers with good price and a reliable market. Malaika Honey is a market driven approach to rural development. We empower farmers with practical skills driven by a strong reliable market. $$ Training and resource Value market linkage See video testimonies from farmers at our website Malaika provides consutancy and training in beekeeping, equipment production and sale of honey and hve products, propolis, bee venom, pollen and beeswax. For further inquires please visit our website: or call us on: /

Queen Management Notes New Hampshire Bee Meeting October 28, 2006

Queen Management Notes New Hampshire Bee Meeting October 28, 2006 Queen Management Notes New Hampshire Bee Meeting October 28, 2006 By Dan Conlon Warm Colors Apiary South Deerfield, Massachusetts warmcolors@verizon.net 413-665-4513 www.warmcolorsapiary.com Understanding

More information

Introduction There are various types of bees which include the stingless bees, solitary bees, honey bees. But we are focusing on honey bees.

Introduction There are various types of bees which include the stingless bees, solitary bees, honey bees. But we are focusing on honey bees. MODULE 1: BEE BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR Introduction There are various types of bees which include the stingless bees, solitary bees, honey bees. But we are focusing on honey bees. Honey Bees belong to the

More information

INTERMEDIATE BEEKEEPING WEEK 1 CAROL COTTRILL

INTERMEDIATE BEEKEEPING WEEK 1 CAROL COTTRILL INTERMEDIATE BEEKEEPING WEEK 1 CAROL COTTRILL BEE BIOLOGY WHY IT MATTERS There is a spectrum there are different ways to try to do things. I once thought you could do it all by a cookbook, and now I think

More information

honey bee By Henry Touray

honey bee By Henry Touray honey bee By Henry Touray Introduction For my project I have chosen to research Bees. I chose to find out about the bee because bees have been in the news lately. Lots of hives have died out and scientists

More information

Quick Start Guide to Natural Beekeeping with the Warre Hive

Quick Start Guide to Natural Beekeeping with the Warre Hive Quick Start Guide to Natural Beekeeping with the Warre Hive How you can use the Warre Top Bar Hive to Create a Smart, Simple and Sustainable Beekeeping Experience BY NICK HAMPSHIRE FREE REPORT FROM DIYBEEHIVE.COM

More information

Second Grade Insects Assessment

Second Grade Insects Assessment Second Grade Insects Assessment 1a. The stiff shell that covers an insect s body is called an: a. outer shell b. exoskeleton 1b. The stiff shell that covers and insect s body is called an: a. outer shell

More information

Class Insecta - The insects

Class Insecta - The insects A Introduction 1. Very species rich 2. Characteristics a. 3 pairs of legs b. 2 pairs of wings (most) except flies (1 pair of wings - Diptera) B. Distribution 1. All habitats except saltwater - replaced

More information

Host a Learning Bee Hive!

Host a Learning Bee Hive! Host a Learning Bee Hive! Frequently Asked Questions Honeybees are incredibly important for two main reasons: pollination and honey creation! Pollination: According to the USDA Agricultural Research Service,

More information

Rearing queen bees. Introduction. Races of bees. The queen. Mark Johnstone. Project Officer, Honey Bees, Richmond

Rearing queen bees. Introduction. Races of bees. The queen. Mark Johnstone. Project Officer, Honey Bees, Richmond SEPTEMBER 2008 PRIMEFACT 828 Rearing queen bees Mark Johnstone Project Officer, Honey Bees, Richmond Introduction As a beekeeper you may have purchased queen bees from a commercial queen breeder and have

More information

Honey Bee Background Information

Honey Bee Background Information Honey Bee Background Information Honey bees are very important. Honey bees are the strongest link in the chain between the people who grow the food and the people who eat the food. Without honey bee pollination,

More information

STANDARDS FOR HIVE PRODUCTS. Demeter International e.v. Table of Contents. - to be implemented by each member country by the 31 st December 2007 -

STANDARDS FOR HIVE PRODUCTS. Demeter International e.v. Table of Contents. - to be implemented by each member country by the 31 st December 2007 - STANDARDS FOR BEEKEEPING AND HIVE PRODUCTS June 2004 - to be implemented by each member country by the 31 st December 2007 - Demeter International e.v. Table of Contents Page 1. Validity and Basis...1

More information

SEASONAL APLICATION OF JENTER S METHOD FOR A SUCCESSFUL QUEEN BEES REARING IN ALBANIA

SEASONAL APLICATION OF JENTER S METHOD FOR A SUCCESSFUL QUEEN BEES REARING IN ALBANIA SEASONAL APLICATION OF JENTER S METHOD FOR A SUCCESSFUL QUEEN BEES REARING IN ALBANIA L. Sena, S. Sena, F. Gjurgji and M. Nikolla Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment,

More information

Cloake Board Method of Queen Rearing and Banking

Cloake Board Method of Queen Rearing and Banking Cloake Board Method of Queen Rearing and Banking Rearing your own queens is one of the more interesting and rewarding aspects of beekeeping. It provides a means to maintain young, vigorous queens in colonies

More information

Index to: Practical Beekeeper. The. Volumes I, II & III. by Michael Bush

Index to: Practical Beekeeper. The. Volumes I, II & III. by Michael Bush Index to: The Practical Beekeeper Volumes I, II & III by Michael Bush Index to: The Practical Beekeeper Volume I, II & III This index is valid for all three separate volumes and the complete book. Copyright

More information

LEARNING HOW TO KEEP BEES In today s world of Beetles and Mites

LEARNING HOW TO KEEP BEES In today s world of Beetles and Mites LENING HOW TO KEEP BEES In today s world of Beetles and Mites by Jerry Freeman Hamburg, rkansas jfreeman1944@yahoo.com Compared to today, beekeeping in the 1970 s was easy! Back then I ran 25 to 30 hives

More information

Beginning Beekeeping. Jennifer Gagnon Beginning Beekeeper

Beginning Beekeeping. Jennifer Gagnon Beginning Beekeeper Beginning Beekeeping Jennifer Gagnon Beginning Beekeeper Why? Pollination (1/3) Helping honey bee populations* Honey production Outdoor family activity Bee Facts Not native to the US European in origin

More information

Stimulating natural supersedure of honeybee queens, Apis mellifera

Stimulating natural supersedure of honeybee queens, Apis mellifera Stimulating natural supersedure of honeybee queens, Apis mellifera Harmen P. Hendriksma, Johan N.M. Calis & Willem J. Boot Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8031, 6700 EH Wageningen,

More information

10-1 ORGANIC BEEKEEPING

10-1 ORGANIC BEEKEEPING African Organic Agriculture Training Manual A Resource Manual for Trainers 10-1 ORGANIC BEEKEEPING Draft Version 1.0 June 2011 Ready for field testing African Organic Agriculture Training Manual IMPRINT

More information

Contact us: Beehavin Apiary 225 Douglas Pike Smithfield, RI 02917. (401) 885-5172 everett@beehavin.com

Contact us: Beehavin Apiary 225 Douglas Pike Smithfield, RI 02917. (401) 885-5172 everett@beehavin.com Contact us: Beehavin Apiary 225 Douglas Pike Smithfield, RI 02917 (401) 885-5172 everett@beehavin.com ! Beekeepers who work towards goal typically have the best success! First Year Beekeeper Goals! Learn

More information

The 10 Essential Steps to Better Beekeeping

The 10 Essential Steps to Better Beekeeping The 10 Essential Steps to Better Beekeeping BEEKEEPING SECRET #1: GETTING READY FOR YOUR NEW HOBBY Beekeeping is truly a hobby for everyone because bees are not dependent on foraging material that is found

More information

Make sure you join and attend your local beekeeping club, read up on beekeeping, and clean up your smoker and hive tool.

Make sure you join and attend your local beekeeping club, read up on beekeeping, and clean up your smoker and hive tool. JANUARY AND THE BEES: The bees are in a tight cluster staying warm and consuming very little food. On days when the wind is calm and the temperature rises above 40, you'll probably see a few bees flying

More information

History of Honey Bee Species & Races. Presented by Cynthia Robinson-Journeyman Beekeeper

History of Honey Bee Species & Races. Presented by Cynthia Robinson-Journeyman Beekeeper History of Honey Bee Species & Races Presented by Cynthia Robinson-Journeyman Beekeeper Beekeeper On Duty rainbowcirclehoneyfarm@gmail.com History of Beekeeping is Important... I started beekeeping in

More information

Honey Bee Biology. Dr. Debbie Delaney

Honey Bee Biology. Dr. Debbie Delaney Honey Bee Biology Dr. Debbie Delaney Morphology of the Honey Bee The honey bee has three body divisions Head Thorax Abdomen Head Drawing modified from R. E. Snodgrass Exoskeleton Body Hairs Morphology

More information

Raising Honey Bee Queens

Raising Honey Bee Queens Raising Honey Bee Queens Written by Khalil Hamdan Apeldoorn, The Netherlands Carniolan Queen Bee (Photo by P-O Gustafsson) Queen raising is the production of mated queens for use in the apiary or sale

More information

The Buzz about Bees: Honey Bee Biology and Behavior

The Buzz about Bees: Honey Bee Biology and Behavior 4-H Honey Bee Youth Project Book I 18 U.S.C. 707 The Buzz about Bees: Honey Bee Biology and Behavior Publication 380-070 2009 The beekeeping project (Books 1-4) will teach you the basic biology and behavior

More information

The document below is public domain. A Queen Manual

The document below is public domain. A Queen Manual The document below is public domain A Queen Manual This manual was originally written in 2007 by Dana Stahlman for use in the Ohio Queen Project supported by OSBA. The purpose for which it was written

More information

PDF Created with deskpdf PDF Writer - Trial ::

PDF Created with deskpdf PDF Writer - Trial :: SMALL SCALE QUEEN REARING Many quite experienced beekeepers shy away from rearing their own queens. I am sure some of this lack of confidence stems from the complicated methods recommended by books and

More information

Bee keeping. Training Manual

Bee keeping. Training Manual Wildlife Conservation Society P.O. Box 530225 Lundazi E-mail:wcs_lun@zamtel.zm Bee keeping Training Manual Complied By :Julius Mwale Contents Title Page No. SECTION 1... 2 INTRODUCTION... 2 SECTION 2...

More information

A Teaching Guide Grade Levels 4-6

A Teaching Guide Grade Levels 4-6 A Teaching Guide Grade Levels 4-6 A Teaching Guide Grade Levels 4-6 National Honey Board 11409 Business Park Circle, Suite 210 / Firestone, CO 80504 www.honey.com Copyright 2001 National Honey Board Credits

More information

The Apiaries Act, 2005

The Apiaries Act, 2005 1 APIARIES, 2005 c.a-22.01 The Apiaries Act, 2005 being Chapter A-22.01* of The Statutes of Saskatchewan, 2005 (effective December 30, 2005). *NOTE: Pursuant to subsection 33(1) of The Interpretation Act,

More information

Glass Jar Beekeeping Creating Edible Art By Morris Ostrofsky

Glass Jar Beekeeping Creating Edible Art By Morris Ostrofsky 1 Glass Jar Beekeeping Creating Edible Art By Morris Ostrofsky Bees have always perfectly packaged honey in wax comb. Before the advent of modern bee hives, the bees built honey comb in straw skeps. Around

More information

Types of Bee Hives British Standard National using 14 12 brood box. Member John Farrow s Double Brood Hive. using double brood box

Types of Bee Hives British Standard National using 14 12 brood box. Member John Farrow s Double Brood Hive. using double brood box Types of Bee Hives British Standard National using 14 12 brood box Summary: Increasingly popular as the brood chamber is large enough for a colony and there are half as many brood frames to inspect compared

More information

Elementary Bee Hive Game Build a Hive

Elementary Bee Hive Game Build a Hive Elementary Bee Hive Game Build a Hive Purpose To introduce students to the basics of how honeybees work as a group to grow the population of their colony and consider some of the challenges that a hive

More information

We ve got the technology NOW you ve got the control

We ve got the technology NOW you ve got the control We ve got the technology NOW you ve got the control THE REALITY OF TERMITES Unfortunately the old saying, There are only 2 types of homes in Australia, those that have termites and those that will get

More information

National Bee Unit. Best Practice Guideline No. 7 Feeding Bees

National Bee Unit. Best Practice Guideline No. 7 Feeding Bees Best Practice Guideline No. 7 Feeding Bees Feeding is usually carried out when a honey bee colony is short of stores and there is no or little nectar flow. This often coincides with the removal of a honey

More information

Identification of Bees and Wasps

Identification of Bees and Wasps Identification of Bees and Wasps BEES Bees are robust bodied, hairy insects with four wings. They are usually dark in color with minimal contrasting color patterns. Their hind legs are flattened into a

More information

Essential Oils in Beekeeping

Essential Oils in Beekeeping Essential Oils in Beekeeping Note from Eugene: Keep in mind that even though we call some of these treatments natural, they are not natural to the bees. And you will need to be diligent if you want to

More information

L Hermitage du mont Bogdo Bees to revive ci3es

L Hermitage du mont Bogdo Bees to revive ci3es L Hermitage du mont Bogdo Bees to revive ci3es Christophe RENARD Cellphone: +33 6 60 36 93 93 @mail: crbogdo@yahoo.fr Green Initiatives Talk @ Haworth Furniture, Shanghai 2015.09.29 Preamble Human & Apiculture

More information

Toby and the Bees. Dear parents,

Toby and the Bees. Dear parents, Dear parents, At Bayer, we have been committed to animal health and protection of the environment for many years. This book is intended to help children understand the role that honey bees play in conserving

More information

MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE. prepared by the Minnesota Hobby Beekeepers Association

MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE. prepared by the Minnesota Hobby Beekeepers Association February 22, 2007 MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE prepared by the Minnesota Hobby Beekeepers Association This model ordinance is not intended to be adopted without legal review by counsel representing the jurisdiction

More information

Graft-Free Queen Rearing Morris Ostrofsky

Graft-Free Queen Rearing Morris Ostrofsky Many beekeepers reach a point in their beekeeping experience where they are comfortable with the basics and are seeking a new challenge. In an environment in which beekeepers have to deal with exotic pests

More information

The Small Hive Beetle

The Small Hive Beetle The Small Hive Beetle Eric Smith Beekeepers of the Susquehanna Valley September 16, 2008 www.thebeeyard.org The Small Hive Beetle (SHB) Aethina tumida family Nitidulidae, most of which are scavengers or

More information

MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE

MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE MODEL BEEKEEPING ORDINANCE For Florida (Local and Municipal) Governments Whereas, honey bees are beneficial to mankind and to Florida in particular, by providing agricultural fruit and vegetable pollination

More information

The Business of Beekeeping in South Carolina

The Business of Beekeeping in South Carolina The Business of Beekeeping in South Carolina David E. MacFawn Lexington, South Carolina June, 2015 Beekeeping is a complex endeavor that takes up-front knowledge and planning to be successful. One needs

More information

Chapter 4 The development of behavior: a focus on the environment

Chapter 4 The development of behavior: a focus on the environment Chapter 4 The development of behavior: a focus on the environment Hormones can influence behavioral development in a variety of ways, some more obvious than others Organizational effects: involve hormonal

More information

Beekeeping. in Brooklyn Park What s all the buzz about? Since 2015, properties in Brooklyn Park can keep honeybees with an approved registration.

Beekeeping. in Brooklyn Park What s all the buzz about? Since 2015, properties in Brooklyn Park can keep honeybees with an approved registration. Michelle Peterson Neighborhood Health Specialist 763-493-8116 Michelle.Peterson@brooklynpark.org City of Brooklyn Park City Hall 5200 85th Ave. N. Brooklyn Park, MN 55443 www.brooklynpark.org/ codeenforcement

More information

The H-Map: An Alternative to the Venn Diagram

The H-Map: An Alternative to the Venn Diagram The H-Map: An Alternative to the Venn Diagram H Fossil Fuels 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Both? 1. 2. 3. Solar Power 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Venn Diagram Fossil Fuels Solar Energy Source: Holt Elements of Literature (2005) Word

More information

Montgomery County Beekeepers Association (M.C.B.A.) Mentor Program

Montgomery County Beekeepers Association (M.C.B.A.) Mentor Program Montgomery County Beekeepers Association (M.C.B.A.) Mentor Program 1 Table of Contents Page 1. Mentor----------- 3 2. Mentee----------- 9 3. Program Director--- 18 2 Beekeeping Mentor New beekeepers frequently

More information

ISSN Second edition

ISSN Second edition ISSN 1810-0775 Beekeeping and sustainable livelihoods Second edition Diversification booklet number 1 Second edition Beekeeping and sustainable livelihoods Martin Hilmi, Nicola Bradbear and Danilo Mejia

More information

4-H-593-W. 4-H Beekeeping. Advanced Beekeeping Methods

4-H-593-W. 4-H Beekeeping. Advanced Beekeeping Methods 4-H-593-W 4-H Beekeeping Advanced Beekeeping Methods 4-H Beekeeping, Division III: Advanced Beekeeping Methods The 4-H beekeeping project is intended to help you learn about bees and how to be a beekeeper.

More information

Castes in Social Insects

Castes in Social Insects Castes in Social Insects Module Chemical Ecology, Ayasse Outline Castes in Social Insects 1. definition 2. castes in social insects 3. caste determination A. psychophysiological caste determination B.

More information

The Hive Bodies. In the Beekeeper s Work Shop. Building a Bee Hive: The Hive Bodies. by Stephen E. Tilmann

The Hive Bodies. In the Beekeeper s Work Shop. Building a Bee Hive: The Hive Bodies. by Stephen E. Tilmann The Hive Bodies In the Beekeeper s Work Shop The hive body is the heart of a managed bee hive colony (Figure 1). It is where the queen lays her eggs, the house bees raise the brood and the workers store

More information

Beekeeping Economics Uniting Beekeeping, Economics, Business, and Mathematics

Beekeeping Economics Uniting Beekeeping, Economics, Business, and Mathematics NAME: Beekeeping Economics Uniting Beekeeping, Economics, Business, and Mathematics Part 1: You Don t need to be a Prophet to Profit. Part 2: Part 3: Part 4: Shopping for Equipment and Estimating Cost

More information

The Hive. Honey supers boxes which hold frames of comb that are dedicated for storing excess honey.

The Hive. Honey supers boxes which hold frames of comb that are dedicated for storing excess honey. The Hive A hive is the structure that honey bees live in. A colony is the bees themselves. The terms are often used interchangeably but that isn t technically correct usage of the words. There are many

More information

How to Introduce Bees into a Top Bar Hive

How to Introduce Bees into a Top Bar Hive How to Introduce Bees into a Top Bar Hive There are, broadly speaking, three possible situations you may be faced with, once you have built your top bar hive, depending on your particular circumstances

More information

Organic Honey Production

Organic Honey Production Organic Honey Production Debbie Roos North Carolina Cooperative Extension Can We Produce Organic Honey??? National Honey Board lists 33 organic honey suppliers in the US I only found a few that were producing

More information

There are queen cells in my hive - what should I do?

There are queen cells in my hive - what should I do? There are queen cells in my hive - what should I do? Pictures courtesy of Wally Shaw, Brian Jones and Claire Waring Introduction You have opened a hive and found queen cells. First of all, don t panic

More information

Beekeeping. B a c k y a r d ANR-135

Beekeeping. B a c k y a r d ANR-135 Beekeeping A l a b a m a C o o p e r a t i v e E x t e n s i o n S y s t e m A l a b a m a A & M U n i v e r s i t y a n d A u b u r n U n i v e r s i t y ANR-135 Beekeeping James E. Tew A l a b a m a

More information

The Scottish Beekeepers Association. Insurance. (Public and Products Liability Insurance) and. The Compensation Scheme.

The Scottish Beekeepers Association. Insurance. (Public and Products Liability Insurance) and. The Compensation Scheme. The Scottish Beekeepers Association Insurance. (Public and Products Liability Insurance) and The Compensation Scheme. This is a synopsis of the cover. It is not the policy, and the Scottish Beekeepers

More information

Kentucky Beekeeping : A Guide for Beginners. Thomas C. Webster College of Agriculture, Food Science and Sustainable Systems Kentucky State University

Kentucky Beekeeping : A Guide for Beginners. Thomas C. Webster College of Agriculture, Food Science and Sustainable Systems Kentucky State University Kentucky Beekeeping : A Guide for Beginners Thomas C. Webster College of Agriculture, Food Science and Sustainable Systems Kentucky State University CONTENTS Introduction 1 Part 1: Understanding the Bees

More information

Pesticide related bee kills: How to know, how to collect samples, how to report

Pesticide related bee kills: How to know, how to collect samples, how to report Pesticide related bee kills: How to know, how to collect samples, how to report Authors: Tammy Horn, Kentucky State Apiarist, Mike Studer, Tennessee State Apiarist, Michele Colopy, Program Director, Pollinator

More information

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference!

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference! Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let s look at the difference! What is metamorphosis? Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually

More information

What farmers can do for pollinators

What farmers can do for pollinators What farmers can do for pollinators Email: bees@nfu.org.uk Search on Twitter for #farming4bees Provide habitats and food for wild insect pollinators Finding food and sites for nesting and hibernation is

More information

HOW TO INSTALL A PACKAGE OF HONEYBEES INTO YOUR GOLD STAR TOP BAR HIVE

HOW TO INSTALL A PACKAGE OF HONEYBEES INTO YOUR GOLD STAR TOP BAR HIVE HOW TO INSTALL A PACKAGE OF HONEYBEES INTO YOUR GOLD STAR TOP BAR HIVE What do you want in the way of bees to go into your Gold Star Top Bar Hive? In an ideal world, you would capture a large, healthy

More information

Honey to the Bee. Honey to the Bee

Honey to the Bee. Honey to the Bee Honey to the Bee Honey to the Bee Bees are flying insects that collect nectar and pollen. There are over 20,000 known species in the world. The best known is probably the honeybee. A honeybee s body is

More information

The presentation of the life cycle comes in different forms so you can just choose the kind of presentation you like and print it.

The presentation of the life cycle comes in different forms so you can just choose the kind of presentation you like and print it. Hello! Thank you for downloading my Animal Life Cycles learning materials. I create this material for my son who loves animals and loves to learn anything about them. We use this file for our Animal Kingdom

More information

How do you keep your bees? Alternative hive configurations

How do you keep your bees? Alternative hive configurations How do you keep your bees? Alternative hive configurations (By Wally Shaw Anglesey BKA) Introduction The most important part of any honey bee colony is that beneath the queen excluder. The boxes that make

More information

BEES CONTROL 1. REGULATIONS (under section 4) The Bees (Importation of Cayman Islands Honey) Regulations O.N. i30/21. ORDER (under section 6)

BEES CONTROL 1. REGULATIONS (under section 4) The Bees (Importation of Cayman Islands Honey) Regulations O.N. i30/21. ORDER (under section 6) BEES CONTROL 1 REGULATIONS (under section 4) The Bees (Importation of Queen Bees) Regulations, 1920 O.N. 6/20 L.N. 217168 The Bees (Importation of Cayman Islands Honey) Regulations. 1921 O.N. i30/21 L.N.

More information

Honey bee nutrition and supplementary feeding

Honey bee nutrition and supplementary feeding Honey bee nutrition and supplementary feeding DAI/178, July 2000 Doug Somerville Apiary Officer Goulburn INTRODUCTION This agnote is written to give beekeepers an overview of honeybee nutritional requirements

More information

Background Honeybees are declining throughout the world Colony Collapse Disorder Complex Many factors compounded over time Media hype

Background Honeybees are declining throughout the world Colony Collapse Disorder Complex Many factors compounded over time Media hype Potential Solutions to Honey Bee Decline: Hygienic i Behavior Alicia Moulton USU Extension Ag/4-H Agent Wasatch County Background Honeybees are declining throughout the world Colony Collapse Disorder Complex

More information

Managing Honey Bee Population for Greater Honey Yield Morris Ostrofsky

Managing Honey Bee Population for Greater Honey Yield Morris Ostrofsky There are many reasons why people keep honey bees. When honey production is the goal, there are a number of things a beekeeper can do to increase yield. This article is a summary of different methods that

More information

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Ontario Beekeepers in Advance of Winter

Best Management Practices (BMP) for Ontario Beekeepers in Advance of Winter Best Management Practices (BMP) for Ontario Beekeepers in Advance of Winter Paul Kozak, Provincial Apiarist Successful over-wintering in modern beekeeping requires thorough management of honey bee colonies.

More information

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor Social Insects Sociality evolved multiple times in insects Much of Earth s fauna consists of social insects They play major roles in entire ecosystems Proliferation of ants and termites associated with

More information

Colony Growth and Seasonal Management of Honey Bees

Colony Growth and Seasonal Management of Honey Bees Colony Growth and Seasonal Management of Honey Bees Management of honey bees varies based on whether pollination or honey production is the primary objective. A simple scheme for those interested in maximizing

More information

Nuisance Wasps and Bees

Nuisance Wasps and Bees Nuisance Wasps and Bees Fact Sheet No. 5.525 Insect Series Home and Garden by W.S. Cranshaw * Wasps and bees can be a serious nuisance problem throughout Colorado, particularly late in the summer when

More information

SYLLABUS FOR SEMBA'S BEEKEEPING COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Classes held: 1:00 p.m., Sundays, except as noted

SYLLABUS FOR SEMBA'S BEEKEEPING COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Classes held: 1:00 p.m., Sundays, except as noted SYLLABUS FOR SEMBA'S BEEKEEPING COURSE FOR BEGINNERS General Overview of Course: This course is designed for beginners to learn about the biology of the honey bee, the honey bee hive, tools needed to work

More information

MANAGING MALADIES: PARASITES, PESTS & PESTICIDES. W. Brian Kreowski Agricultural Inspector

MANAGING MALADIES: PARASITES, PESTS & PESTICIDES. W. Brian Kreowski Agricultural Inspector MANAGING MALADIES: PARASITES, PESTS & PESTICIDES W. Brian Kreowski Agricultural Inspector Today s Objectives: Briefly explain the Virginia Apiary Inspection program Go over the main insects and mites that

More information

STUDENT VERSION INSECT COLONY SURVIVAL OPTIMIZATION

STUDENT VERSION INSECT COLONY SURVIVAL OPTIMIZATION STUDENT VERSION INSECT COLONY SURVIVAL OPTIMIZATION STATEMENT We model insect colony propagation or survival from nature using differential equations. We ask you to analyze and report on what is going

More information

Insect senses: how to hear with your legs and taste with your feet (yum!)

Insect senses: how to hear with your legs and taste with your feet (yum!) Insect senses: how to hear with your legs and taste with your feet (yum!) INSECT SENSES PART I: The obvious: Vision Hearing Smell PART II: The less obvious: A sense of time and direction PART III: Smell

More information

Gold Star Honeybees 2013 PRODUCT CATALOG. Orders can be placed by visiting or by calling us at

Gold Star Honeybees 2013 PRODUCT CATALOG. Orders can be placed by visiting  or by calling us at Gold Star Honeybees 2013 PRODUCT CATALOG Orders can be placed by visiting www.goldstarhoneybees.com or by calling us at 207-449-1121. D ELUXE H IVE K ITS All of our Deluxe Hive kits are made of solid wood,

More information

Veils, Smokers, and Supers: Equipment of Beekeepers

Veils, Smokers, and Supers: Equipment of Beekeepers 18 U.S.C. 707 4-H Honey Bee Youth Project Book II Veils, Smokers, and Supers: Equipment of Beekeepers Publication 380-074 2014 The Honey Bee Project meets the following Virginia State Standards of Learning

More information

Bee Ordinances in North Texas

Bee Ordinances in North Texas Bee Ordinances in North Texas Wow! You keep bees??!? Is that legal? Topics why we need to know different levels of regulation where to find out more standard disclaimers Why we need to know protect your

More information

A Simple and Proven Method of Queen Breeding www.apiservices.info

A Simple and Proven Method of Queen Breeding www.apiservices.info A Simple and Proven Method of Queen Breeding www.apiservices.info Beekeepers can improve productivity by taking greater care of their queens. By the end of this article on queen breeding, we hope to have

More information

Honey Bee Communication: Dance Language

Honey Bee Communication: Dance Language Page 1 of 13 : Dance Language a lesson plan by Louise I. Lynch, Bees Louise! and Dr. Marion Ellis, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Page 2 of 13 : Dance Language See www.beeslouise.org for more bee lessons!

More information

Beekeeping Basics MAAREC: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and the USDA cooperating

Beekeeping Basics MAAREC: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and the USDA cooperating Beekeeping Basics MAAREC: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and the USDA cooperating College of Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension Beekeeping Basics... Contents Introduction...2

More information

Treating Colonies for Varroa Mite Infestations

Treating Colonies for Varroa Mite Infestations Treating Colonies for Varroa Mite Infestations Varroa mites, Varroa destructor, are small (flea sized), crab-shaped parasites that spend their time either under the cappings in the brood nest or on adult

More information

BIOSECURITY OR DISEASE RISK MITIGATION STRATEGY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN HONEY BEE INDUSTRY

BIOSECURITY OR DISEASE RISK MITIGATION STRATEGY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN HONEY BEE INDUSTRY BIOSECURITY OR DISEASE RISK MITIGATION STRATEGY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN HONEY BEE INDUSTRY Australian Honey Bee Industry Council Postal Address: PO Box R838 ROYAL EXCHANGE NSW 1225 Phone: 61 2 9221 0911\ Fax:

More information

Army ants. Weaver Ants

Army ants. Weaver Ants Army ants Army ants live in the hot jungles of Africa and Central and South America. There can be millions of ants in a single colony. There isn t enough food in one place to feed the army ants huge colonies!

More information

Mason bee hosting workshop

Mason bee hosting workshop Mason bee hosting workshop Janet Gifford, Instructor Volunteer Technician, Backyard Habitat Certification Program Board Member, Columbia Land Trust Audubon Society of Portland & Columbia Land Trust Drawing

More information

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet Food Chains All living things need food to give them energy to move and grow. A food chain can show us how living things get their food by showing us what feeds on what in a particular habitat. Food chains

More information

The Butterfly Project Pollinator Curriculum Guide

The Butterfly Project Pollinator Curriculum Guide The Butterfly Project Pollinator Curriculum Guide The Butterfly Project A Program of the Open Space Institute Chrissy Word, Project Coordinator Jill Weiss, Consultant The Butterfly Project Work Team the

More information

BABYDOLL SPECIALTY HONEY: BACK TO THE FUTURE OF HONEYBEES AND BABYDOLLS by Mel Disselkoen Vernal Equinox 2012

BABYDOLL SPECIALTY HONEY: BACK TO THE FUTURE OF HONEYBEES AND BABYDOLLS by Mel Disselkoen Vernal Equinox 2012 BABYDOLL SPEIALTY HONEY: BAK TO THE UTURE O HONEYBEES AND BABYDOLLS by Mel Disselkoen Vernal Equinox 2012 INTRODUTION This presentation explains a new/old concept of honey production which is inspired

More information

What is a Honey Bee? What is an Africanized Honey Bee?

What is a Honey Bee? What is an Africanized Honey Bee? What is a Honey Bee? Honey bees are not native to the North America Honey bees currently pollinate about 90 agricultural crops (accounting for 80% of the pollination in the US): ~ $10 billion pollination

More information

Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives

Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives Category 7C: Structural Pest Control (Wood-Destroying Pests) Structural Pest Control Learning Objectives After studying this section, you should be able to: Describe the most common wood destroying pest

More information

Pumpkin Pollinators. By Alex Surcică, Penn State Cooperative Extension

Pumpkin Pollinators. By Alex Surcică, Penn State Cooperative Extension Pumpkin Pollinators By Alex Surcică, Penn State Cooperative Extension Pumpkin fruit set can be affected by a number of production and environmental factors. For example, high plant densities can limit

More information

Beekeeping PARASITIC MITES OF HONEY BEES. Greg Hunt, Bee Specialist, Purdue University

Beekeeping PARASITIC MITES OF HONEY BEES. Greg Hunt, Bee Specialist, Purdue University Beekeeping PURDUE EXTENSION E-201-W Department of Entomology PARASITIC MITES OF HONEY BEES Greg Hunt, Bee Specialist, Purdue University VARROA MITES Varroa mites (Varroa destructor) can be seen on the

More information

2016 Bee College Tentative Short Course Descriptions

2016 Bee College Tentative Short Course Descriptions 2016 Bee College Tentative Short Course Descriptions A Beekeeper s Year For starting beekeepers, the first year could be the hardest since you are trying to figure out all the quirks of beekeeping. Come

More information

Carpenter Ants and Control in Homes

Carpenter Ants and Control in Homes Page 1 of 6 Carpenter Ants and Control in Homes Introduction Fact Sheet No. 31 Revised May 2000 Dr. Jay B Karren, Extension Entomologist Alan H. Roe, Insect Diagnostician Carpenter ants are members of

More information

HOME & GARDEN. Nuisance Wasps and Bees no. 5.525 by W.S. Cranshaw 1. Quick Facts...

HOME & GARDEN. Nuisance Wasps and Bees no. 5.525 by W.S. Cranshaw 1. Quick Facts... I N S E C T S E R I E S HOME & GARDEN Nuisance Wasps and Bees no. 5.525 by W.S. Cranshaw 1 Quick Facts... Most wasps develop by feeding on insects. Bees develop on a diet of nectar or pollen. Almost all

More information

Introduction to New Beekeeping

Introduction to New Beekeeping the new way to enjoy beekeeping - safely! Introduction to New Beekeeping with Dartington hives Robin Dartington Spring 2008 The cover shows the demonstration apiary in Letchworth Herts. Dartington long

More information