Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» Editori Laterza University Press on line

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» www.uniroma2.it Editori Laterza www.laterza.it University Press on line www.uptorvergata-laterza."

Transcription

1 Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» Editori Laterza University Press on line

2 2009, Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» - Gius. Laterza & Figli Prima edizione 2009 Questo volume è pubblicato con il contributo del Dipartimento di Studi Filologici, Linguistici e Letterari dell Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» Tutte le pubblicazioni «Tor Vergata» - Laterza University Press on line sono valutate dal Comitato Scientifico e quindi sottoposte al giudizio di referees esterni, individuati dal Comitato Scientifico fra i maggiori esperti internazionali, secondo criteri di peer-review.

3 Daniela Guardamagna Rossana M. Sebellin (editors) The Tragic Comedy of Samuel Beckett Beckett in Rome April 2008 Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» Editori Laterza

4 Proprietà letteraria riservata Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata» - Gius. Laterza & Figli Spa, Roma-Bari Finito di stampare nell ottobre 2009 SEDIT - Bari (Italy) per conto della Gius. Laterza & Figli Spa ISBN È vietata la riproduzione, anche parziale, con qualsiasi mezzo effettuata, compresa la fotocopia, anche ad uso interno o didattico. Per la legge italiana la fotocopia è lecita solo per uso personale purché non danneggi l autore. Quindi ogni fotocopia che eviti l acquisto di un libro è illecita e minaccia la sopravvivenza di un modo di trasmettere la conoscenza. Chi fotocopia un libro, chi mette a disposizione i mezzi per fotocopiare, chi comunque favorisce questa pratica commette un furto e opera ai danni della cultura.

5 Index Preface Daniela Guardamagna and Rossana M. Sebellin: Introduction IX XI Beckett and Italy John Pilling, Beckett and Italian Literature (after Dante) 5 Daniela Caselli, The Politics of Reading Dante in Beckett s Mercier and / et Camier and The Calmative / Le calmant 20 Self-Translation, and the Genesis of Beckett s Writing Rossana M. Sebellin, Bilingualism and Bi-textuality: Samuel Beckett s Double Texts 39 Dirk Van Hulle and Mark Nixon, Beckett s Library From Marginalia to Notebooks 57 The Anxiety of Influence: Beckett and the Cultural Context Mary Bryden, Hommage furtif : Cixous s Difficult Love of Beckett 75 Heather Gardner, Company 86 Roberta Cauchi Santoro, Marinetti and Beckett: A Theatrical Continuum 103

6 VI Index Davide Crosara, Breathing the Void 113 Mariacristina Cavecchi, Samuel Beckett, Visual Artist 122 Iain Bailey, Beckett, Drama, and the Writing on the Wall 143 Mario Faraone, Pity we haven t a piece of rope : Beckett, Zen and the Lack of a Piece of Rope 156 Beckett and Philosophers Carla Locatelli, Ways of Beckett s Poems: il se passe devant / allant sans but 177 David Tucker, Murphy, Geulincx and an Occasional(ist) Game of Chess 190 David Addyman, Beckett and Place: The Lie of the Land 210 Shane Weller, The Art of Indifference: Adorno s Manuscript Notes on The Unnamable 223 Lorenzo Orlandini, A Limbo purged of desire : Body and Sexuality in Beckett s Dream of Fair to Middling Women 238 Beckett s Theatre: Text and Performances A. Text Enoch Brater, The Seated Figure on Beckett s Stage 259 Chris Ackerley, The Past in Monochrome : (In)voluntary Memory in Samuel Beckett s Krapp s Last Tape 277 Hugo Bowles, The Untellability of Stories in Endgame 292 Patrizia Fusella, Chamber Music and Camera Trio: Samuel Beckett s Second Television Play 305 B. Performances Stanley E. Gontarski, Redirecting Beckett 327

7 Index VII Daniela Guardamagna, Cecchi s Endgame, and the Question of Fidelity 342 Rosemary Pountney, Stringent Demands: Aspects of Beckett in Performance 355 Laura Caretti, Winnie s Italian Stage 364 Anastasia Deligianni, Friendgame 375 Beckett and Cinema Lino Belleggia, The Indiscreet Charm of the Cinematic Eye in Samuel Beckett s Film 389 Seb Franklin, as from an evil core... the evil spread : Beckett and Horror Cinema 405 Appendix: Performances and Images Giulia Lazzarini, Remembering Happy Days 417 Ninny Aiuto, Aspittannu a Godot 426 Antonio Borriello, Beckett the Euclidean (as is he who interprets him) 430 Bill Prosser, Beckett s Doodles 435 Notes on Contributors 437 Index of Works by Samuel Beckett 449 Index of Names and Works 453

8

9 Preface Daniela Guardamagna and Rossana M. Sebellin The essays collected in this volume were presented at the Conference Beckett in Rome, held at the University of Rome Tor Vergata in April Though not all the speakers decided to present a written paper, and though one paper had to be excluded because it incorporated extended quotes from unpublished materials and was therefore unacceptable to the Beckett Estate, we present here a wide range of critical approaches, with contributions from the most outstanding Beckett scholars and many younger ones from all over the world. This volume collects 31 of the 41 papers presented; the appendix bears witness to some interesting performances and exhibitions hosted in the three days of the Conference. We thank the Scientific Committee, in particular John Pilling and Chris Ackerley, whose support and invaluable advice have made this volume possible; our colleagues at Tor Vergata ; the organizing committee, in particular Dr Lucia Nigri, Giuseppina Zannoni, Claudia Fimiani and Pamela Parenti for their unremitting help in organising the Conference; PhD students of our Department Rachele Calisti, Daniela Coramusi, Alessandra D Atena, Valeria Vallucci, Claudio Cadeddu, Massimiliano Catoni and Alessandro Cifariello, who helped in various ways during the Conference; Mr Roberto Mancini and Ms Eleonora Piacenza for their work on the website and logistics of the Conference; the International Relations Office of Tor Vergata ; Angela Gibbon, who helped with the revision of some of the texts, and, last but by no means least, the two indefatigable referees, who must remain anonymous, but whose discerning and untiring judgement corrected many of our faults.

10

11 Introduction Daniela Guardamagna and Rossana M. Sebellin* In the past decade Beckett studies have responded to the recent interest in genetic studies and have made extensive use of manuscripts and drafts to widen and deepen the area of analysis, a process precipitated by the publication of James Knowlson s groundbreaking biography, which drew attention to numerous hitherto barely studied manuscripts 1. The attention to variants of composition, to the concrete stratification of handwritten or typed texts, can be recognized as a legacy of the Reading school, where young scholars are invited to dwell on this approach. At the Beckett International Foundation in Reading, and with the encouragement of James Knowlson and John Pilling, I, among others, began the study of self-translation from a genetic perspective and included manuscript analysis in my approach to the problem. The use of unpublished documents (manuscript, letters, notebooks and the holdings of Beckett s library) was in a sense authorized by Beckett himself, not only for the obvious reason that he made his materials available to scholars, but also and especially because of his own attention to the process of writing, so often incorporated in the text as an integral element, a theme, an object of observation in itself. It comes as no surprise, then, that many papers in the present book attribute enormous importance to manuscripts, letters, notebooks, marginalia and the like in order to achieve a deeper, multi-layered reading of Beckett s work. * The first part of this Introduction, concerning the first four sections, is by Rossana M. Sebellin; the second part, about the last three, is by Daniela Guardamagna. For the attribution of the entire volume, see Notes, p Dirk Van Hulle, 2005, Genetic Beckett Studies, in Idem (editor), Beckett the European, 2005, Journal of Beckett Studies Books, Tallahassee (Florida), pp. 1-9, p. 2.

12 XII Introduction This is especially true of the first four sections of this publication: Beckett and Italy, Self-translation and the genesis of Beckett s writing, The Anxiety of Influence: Beckett and the cultural context and Beckett and philosophers. The last three sections of the publication are devoted specifically to Beckett s performing genres, theatre both as text and on stage and cinema: Beckett s theatre: text and performances, and Beckett and cinema. An Appendix closes this collective effort and testifies to several performances which were an important part of the Conference and therefore we consider appropriate for the Proceedings, in spite of their non-academic character. The first section, Beckett and Italy, includes the significant contributions of John Pilling and Daniela Caselli: both are concerned with Beckett s literary engagement with Italian culture. John Pilling explores the author s first encounters with Italian poets at Trinity College Dublin during the 1920s, and his later contacts with lesser known contemporary poets. Pilling makes use of letters, notes and annotated texts to discuss a subject which has rarely been extended much beyond Dante, including not only the Italian literary canon which Beckett studied as an undergraduate at TCD (Pe - trarch, Ariosto, Tasso, Leopardi, D Annunzio, to name but a few), but also such contemporary and less internationally known figures as Sbarbaro, Franchi and Comisso. Daniela Caselli, with her deep knowledge of Dante and the problem of intertextuality in Beckett, shows the subtle and at times faint traces of literary presences. Caselli extends her analysis to reveal the interest Beckett had in other figures of the Italian literary canon, such as Carducci, Leopardi, D Annunzio, Machiavelli and Ariosto; and she poses the problem of comparativism and intertextuality as a political exploration of how authority circulates in the works that are being compared. (An important potential contribution by Séan Lawlor, which indicated some stimulating links between Beckett s poems hors crâne and dread nay and Dante, unfortunately could not be published here, since it relies extensively on quotations from unpublished materials which were denied authorization by the Beckett Estate.) The second session, Self-translation and the genesis of Beckett s writing, was opened by my paper describing the problem of self-translation in the case study of the double versions of Play and Not I, and suggests envisaging the status of duplicated origi-

13 Introduction XIII nality for such texts (rather than the more frequent definition of original and secondary version), adding this to the instances of exhaustion, impasse and suspicion of the truth of language. Mark Nixon and Dirk Van Hulle present their work (in progress) on the digitalization of Beckett s marginalia through the excavation of the author s library: Beckett s wide knowledge of European culture and the ways in which this filters into his literary production may be read as a form of intertextual translation, which Nixon and Van Hulle explore from various perspectives. The third section, Beckett and the cultural context, includes seven contributions. Mary Bryden examines the relationship between Beckett and Hélène Cixous from the point of view of the French writer s attitude to her Irish-French contemporary; Bryden also develops an acute analysis of the elusive yet deep textual correspondences and persistent Beckettian echoes in Cixous work, not only as textual residua, but also as a subterranean attitude to the act of writing. The following papers consider Beckett s work in the light of the influence of modern writers and thinkers. Heather Gardner s contribution on Company examines the influence on Beckett s work of the philosopher and linguist Fritz Mauthner, as well as the development of a tendency to incorporate heterogeneous literary elements and to obliterate the thinking and narrating subject. The following two authors deal with different but equally unusual connections: the possible relations between Beckett and avant-garde theatre, and Romantic poetry. Roberta Cauchi Santoro s paper investigates the hypothesis of a relationship between Marinetti and Beckett, suggesting that the theatre of the Italian avant-garde and that of Beckett may share a common ground. Davide Crosara examines the influence of Milton and Romantic poetry on Beckett s later prose and drama: an unusual, yet convincing analysis of the author s capacity for assimilation and incorporation of the literary tradition, even of the writings most apparently distant from his style. Crosara argues that the composition of the later plays and short prose has its origins in a persistent and deep-rooted relation with the Romantic tradition, and he thus proposes a postmodernist perspective on such aspects of Beckett s work. A peculiar kind of influence is that considered by Mariacristina Cavecchi, who concentrates on an ideal museum of chairs in

14 XIV Introduction Beckett s works. Beckett s profound response to painting is the basis for Cavecchi s exploration of the bond between the visual and verbal in Beckett s theatre: from Waiting for Godot to Rockaby, she evokes a gallery of paintings and images from the Italian Renaissance to contemporary painters, ranging from Antonello da Messina and Michelangelo to Jack B. Yeats, Edvard Munch and Francis Bacon, looming in the background. The starting point of the last two papers in this section is to be found in religious thought and texts. Iain Bailey again focuses on the problem of intertextuality, in particular the presence of biblical elements in Beckett. He argues that [Beckett s] writing constructed upon other writings allows the biblical to be operative in more nuanced ways, to engage with the more searching questions about presence and materiality. Mario Faraone employs Zen Buddhism as a critical tool to read Beckett s noluntas and failure to act, especially in the early dramatic works. The section on Beckett and philosophers reflects not only how greatly Beckett was influenced by philosophers, but also the presence of Beckett in modern thought and the way in which the phenomenon Beckett changed the approach of philosophers to the philosophical canon, bearing in mind the fact that Beckett incorporates philosophy, transforming it, as Adorno writes, into residue and detritus. Carla Locatelli opens the session with a challenging essay in which she formulates the convincing hypothesis, over and above Beckett s other stylistic developments, of a deconstructive stance present in his poetry throughout his literary career. Locatelli envisages a deconstructive realism, which deprives any textual utterance of cognitive and semantic stability. David Tucker shows the influence of the Occasionalist philosopher Arnold Geulincx not only on Beckett s novels Murphy and The Unnamable, but also as yet another intertextual presence resurfacing throughout the author s life, echoed in letters and conversations, and reverberating in later works such as Rockaby and Film. In a paper on Beckett s prose, David Addyman posits the importance of an approach to works such as Murphy, The Unnamable and Watt based on space as a philosophical concept, following the basic Aristotelian assumption of place as a static surface at the limits of the physical body which paradoxically [...] initiates a marginalisation of place. Addyman

15 Introduction XV claims that in Beckett s work, the provision of place always exists in tension with its withholding. Shane Weller s paper is concerned with Adorno s critical writings on Beckett and, even more interestingly, with his unwritten essay on The Unnamable, of which various notes remain as marginalia to his German translation of the work, and which Weller analyses. Here again we are faced with the use of marginalia in an effort to establish a deeper understanding of Adorno s attitude to Beckett s prose and the relation between his prose and his drama. Weller argues that Adorno not only fails to establish a clear distinction between Beckett s novels and his plays [...] but himself works against the very distinction that he proposes, thus stretching the process of indifferentiation between novel and drama, narrative and theory, literature and philosophy. Lorenzo Orlandini s paper deals with Beckett s treatment of sexuality in his early fiction, in particular Dream of Fair to Middling Women. Beckett s early attitude towards sex is to be compared to his more general vision of desire as opposed to the happier condition of perfect indifference, in a sort of Limbo purged of desire. The fifth section, on Beckett s theatre, comprises papers on the texts themselves and on individual performances, shedding light on general topics such as the dialectic of fidelity and innovation, and describing unusual ways of performing plays that have by now attained the status of classics. Many of the papers concerning Beckett s drama, as text and in performance, focus on or have a background concern with the relationship of Beckett with traditional forms, concepts and structures, and the use that he makes of canonical solutions, often not rejecting, but incorporating them, investigating their limits. Enoch Brater s essay, for instance, examines an essential feature of Beckett s drama, the use of the sitting figure from the earliest works about Belacqua to the latest dramaticules, revealing an attitude typical of Beckett s dialectic with the tradition he inherits: celebrating it in the very process of transporting it. Beckett studies, interiorises, excavates it, strips it of every detail and carries it to its utmost limit. To analyse his topic of the sitting figure in drama, Brater brings into play both his vast knowledge of European drama and his consummate ability to discover surprising connections. He analyses this figure in Shakespeare, Ibsen, Chekhov,

16 XVI Introduction Strindberg, Tennessee Williams, Caryl Churchill, Albee, Shepard and Pinter, finding its origin for Beckett in Strindberg (Blin s production of Ghost Sonata which he saw with Suzanne in 1949), in Walter von der Vogelweide, in the pictures he loved (from Medieval and Renaissance Madonnas to Van Gogh, Bacon and LeBrocquy). His analysis covers most of Beckett s plays and some of his prose: Godot, Endgame, Happy Days, Rockaby, Come and Go, Ohio Impromptu, The Calmative, Eh Joe, Film and other dramaticules, showing how the stark novelty of Beckett s solutions is in fact a rethinking of the canon and its incorporation. Chris Ackerley s study is a fascinating exploration of voluntary and involuntary memory in Beckett s work. He identifies the surprising persistence in later years, in different media and with new technological solutions of the Proustian equation postulated by Beckett in his 1931 essay on Proust. Contrasting the monochrome rationality of voluntary memory with the rich nuances of the involuntary, Ackerley identifies the recurrence of themes in Beckett from the early essay on Proust to the works of the Seventies and Eighties. Krapp, he writes, works as a template for successive plays and novels; involuntary memory, shown to be much more fertile than rational voluntary memory, is however denied the cathartic value it has in both Proust and Joyce: the experience is shared, but its transcendental value is denied, and the failure of the old aesthetic is a cornerstone of the creation of Beckett s aesthetic of failure. Hugo Bowles contributes a linguistic/pragmatics based analysis of Endgame, an interactional discursive approach through which the strategies of ordinary, non-literary conversation are generally discussed. After briefly summarizing the most recent approaches of this kind of research, Bowles concentrates on three storytelling episodes in Endgame, the more or less successful storytelling between Nell and Nagg (the Ardennes story, the Lake Como and the Tailor stories) and Hamm s chronicle. He discusses the cooperative and uncooperative behaviour of the storytellers, describes the highly disjointed effect that results from this, and concludes that Beckett s skill is in subverting the mechanisms of ordinary storytelling behaviour to produce stories in which tellability merges into untellability. Patrizia Fusella s paper focuses on the little-analysed and possibly underrated relationship between Beckett s Ghost Trio and Beethoven s Piano Trio N. 5 in D Major, which Beckett uses in his

17 Introduction XVII second television play. As in Brater s and Ackerley s papers, we are shown the interest Beckett had in a traditional form (in this case the chamber music he loved), and the way in which such a form is taken, modified and sometimes deconstructed for his own ends. In a situation that reminds us of other Beckettian impasses (I am thinking especially of the first television play Eh Joe ), the frustrated wait of the male Figure for a she to arrive, commented on by a female Voice, is interrupted by the character listening to music. Fusella investigates the possibility of solace or redemption through music, and shows its essential function, through the symmetrical repetition of sound and action, in creating the structure of the play. In the papers on performances, the key concept is the dialectic between fidelity and innovation. It is, of course, obvious that when confronted with an author as exacting and precise as is Beckett in his stage directions and in his requirements of both directors and actors and who in his plays tends towards the condition of music on one hand and the visual arts on the other, a bold modification of his requirements, frequent in avant-garde and fringe performances, risks destroying the object itself. Stanley E. Gontarski s paper describes various highly experimental productions which were staged in the United States, Canada and Brazil, mostly reproducing the Beckettian text as it is, with its own precise rhythms and solutions, immersed in new contexts: installations, environments, videos, photographs, objects, and performance pieces, among which it is inserted, heightening the quality of a hybrid performance based on words and plastic art (which, on the other hand, is a characteristic of the original text). Such experiments, Gontarski argues, subtract Beckett s work from the taming which could be caused by the simple repetition of what has already been done, and create a Beckett for the 21 st century. My own paper, concerned with a more orthodox kind of performance, also tackles the question of fidelity and the need to find new ways of performing something which has already been performed to perfection, taking as an exemplary case study the highly stimulating production of Finale di partita (Endgame) by Carlo Cecchi. Rosemary Pountney also dwells on the problem of combining fidelity to Beckett with novelty, and due respect for the dialogic interchange between text and stage directions, concluding that fidelity is especially important when staging the Minimalist

18 XVIII Introduction plays of the last period. She analyses the problems actors and actresses have had to cope with when acting these plays, and relates her own experience when performing Not I and Rockaby. Laura Caretti s paper describes various Italian performances of Happy Days, from some avant-garde ones such as Remondi and Caporossi s or that of the Teatro Studio in Scandicci, to Strehler s staging for the Piccolo Teatro, which also entailed some modification of Beckett s original intentions. We could argue, as Enoch Brater did at a lecture in Rome in April 2009, that evaluation must ultimately be left to the performance itself: the final verdict is whether it works or not, whether it brings something new to our understanding of Beckett s work. The last paper of the section devoted to performances is Anastasia Deligianni s. She describes the interesting experiment she made in Athens when staging Waiting for Godot for an audience of children, thereby investigating a return to virgin response which may in turn tell us something about our adult perception of the play. In the last section, Lino Belleggia analyses Film in the light of Beckett s interest in experimental cinema, from Buñuel s Un chien andalou to Eisenstein, whose theoretical writings greatly influenced him. Seb Franklin analyses a kind of post factum influence, as McHale puts it, of Beckett s work on horror cinema, not of course postulating any direct inspiration, but finding echoes of his work in this unlikely medium (talk of science fiction and dystopia has occurred elsewhere, in the case of plays and prose like The Lost Ones or All Strange Away). The Appendix gives information about performances and exhibitions held during the Conference. Ninny Aiuto, a young writer, presented his translation of Waiting for Godot into Sicilian, acting some excerpts from it; a brief analysis of his work is given here. Antonio Borriello, whose performances are illustrated in some of the pictures included in this volume, writes about his ideas on staging Beckett. Bill Prosser gives us information about his work on Beckettian doodles, mostly from the manuscript of Human Wishes. The opening pages of the Appendix are devoted to the transcript of the performance-talk given by Giulia Lazzarini, the great actress who interpreted Strehler s Happy Days, and though written words cannot capture the deeply moving impact of her talk, they give us some hint of the astounding performance of this superb Italian Winnie.

19 The Tragic Comedy of Samuel Beckett

20 NOTES The sections Beckett and Italy, Self-Translation, and the Genesis of Beckett s Writing, The Anxiety of Influence and Beckett and Philosophers were edited by Rossana M. Sebellin. The sections Beckett s Theatre: Text and Performances, Beckett and Cinema and the Appendix were edited by Daniela Guarda - magna. Both editors are responsible for the planning and revision of the entire volume. Throughout the text, for Beckett s works the editors have followed the convention established among others by Ackerley and Gontarski (The Grove Companion to Samuel Beckett, 2004), requiring italics for texts published individually and inverted commas for texts which first appeared in collections, journals and so on. Occasionally the following abbreviations have been employed: RUL UoR HRHRC TCD MS Reading University Library University of Reading The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center Trinity College Dublin manuscript

21 Beckett and Italy

22

23 Beckett and Italian Literature (after Dante) John Pilling a human voice there within an inch or two my dream perhaps even a human mind if I have to learn Italian obviously it will be less amusing (Samuel Beckett, How It Is) [L]ess amusing for the narrator/narrated of How It Is obviously : but perhaps only if you have to, in which respect it may well resemble anything any of us have to do. But the speaker here is putting a putative case based on his dream of a human voice [...] perhaps even a human mind, as if the learning of Italian were naturally part and parcel of any human, and more specifically Humanist, project. An equation of a kind looks as if it might yield something that could be usefully put beside Beckett and French Literature or Beckett and German Literature. But much of the potential utility value is clearly bound up with Beckett and Dante, a subject area which has at last received the treatment it deserves by Daniela Caselli, and no-one has yet seen fit to take matters very much further along the line I wish to trace, which will obviously be more, or less, amusing as I trace it. Where to start? Not, I think, nel mezzo del cammin (with How It Is, say, 30 years on from the beginning of a lifetime s writing, and 30 years from its end); best, surely, to go back to the beginning, some 85 years ago. It was in the autumn of 1924 that Beckett first studied Italian, and Italian Literature, at but also outside (with the Ottolenghi ) Trinity College Dublin. It was not with Dante that he started, Dante being too difficult, but with

24 6 Beckett and Italy something more various and less demanding: the Prose scelte of D Annunzio; some poems of Giosuè Carducci; the poetry of Alessandro Manzoni; a little Boccaccio; some Tasso (the opening Cantos of the Gerusalemme), and some Dialogues from Leopardi s Operette morali. A good spread, but nothing to leave a mark, even with Leopardi the most likely to do so. Or rather, nothing positive. A year or so later, in the autumn of 1926, Dante having intervened, Beckett took more specific stock, notably of Carducci who, he had decided, was not a poet, though an excellent university professor. Beckett had formed this judgment by way of reading Carducci on Tasso and Poliziano, and also by way of reading Benedetto Croce, another excellent university professor, on Carducci. What Beckett really objected to in Carducci was what he saw as a desperate and effortful self-consciousness so very different from his own. Carducci he was moved to compare to an elephant jumping ponderously through a hoop. Confronted with a famous figure he found not just a bad poet but an excessively bad one, Beckett already knew that Dante was a very great one (see TCD MS fol. 31) and may already have discovered that Leopardi also was, or could be in selected Canti; Beckett could hardly perhaps be expected to tolerate elephants jumping through hoops. A larger figure then than now, Carducci remained for a while a useful point of reference, a model of how not to proceed. In the short story Dante and the Lobster, probably written in 1930, the character Belacqua, Beckett s alter ego, decides that the nineteenth century in Italy was full of old hens trying to cluck like Pindar and instances Silvio Pellico, Manzoni, and, somehow inevitably, Carducci. So much for the nineteenth century, then, Beckett having chosen to forget that Leopardi died in 1832! But younger hens fared no better: in a letter to MacGreevy of 7 [August] 1930 Beckett objected to the dirty juicy squelchy mind of Gabriele D Annunzio, bleeding and bursting, like his celebrated pomegranates, celebrated (in the sense of famous, but not about to be celebrated) by Beckett largely on the basis of one of D Annunzio s Romances of the Pomegranate, the novel Il Fuoco. Some very old hens could also be dispensed with as his own creative work gathered momentum: in a letter probably written in late August 1931 Beckett told MacGreevy I can t write like Boccaccio

WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Film

WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Film WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Film From movie reviews, to film history, to criticism, to technical analysis of cinematic technique, writing is one of the best ways to respond to film. Writing

More information

Well, I think the same for any teacher really, and I remember this when I was a

Well, I think the same for any teacher really, and I remember this when I was a How do you make sure your students can relate to your subject? Well, I think the same for any teacher really, and I remember this when I was a schoolteacher myself, is that you need two things: you need

More information

Some FAQs answered for you by Christopher Pavsek, Associate Professor of Film

Some FAQs answered for you by Christopher Pavsek, Associate Professor of Film Some FAQs answered for you by Christopher Pavsek, Associate Professor of Film 1. What's distinctive about your program? We are a cohort- based program. That means that students come into the program in

More information

RIT: Its Future - Its Past by Dane R. Gordon Professor Emeritus of Philosophy

RIT: Its Future - Its Past by Dane R. Gordon Professor Emeritus of Philosophy RIT: Its Future - Its Past by Dane R. Gordon Professor Emeritus of Philosophy Every ten years the Institute publishes its Strategic Plan. Preparing for it is a lengthy process involving students, faculty,

More information

CopyrightX: Final Examination

CopyrightX: Final Examination CopyrightX: Final Examination Spring 2015 Professor William Fisher Question #1 The following narrative is a mixture of fact and fiction. The details and dates of some of the real events have been altered;

More information

Philosophy 1100: Introduction to Ethics

Philosophy 1100: Introduction to Ethics Philosophy 1100: Introduction to Ethics WRITING A GOOD ETHICS ESSAY The writing of essays in which you argue in support of a position on some moral issue is not something that is intrinsically difficult.

More information

REQUEST FOR ONLINE CLASS PROPOSALS

REQUEST FOR ONLINE CLASS PROPOSALS REQUEST FOR ONLINE CLASS PROPOSALS Writers are cordially invited to submit class proposals to teach online for The Loft Literary Center, the nation s largest independent literary arts organization. Online

More information

Memorandum on PhD dissertations consisting of articles

Memorandum on PhD dissertations consisting of articles Memorandum on PhD dissertations consisting of articles Leiden Law School Universiteit Leiden 30 March 2010 (translated December 2010) This memorandum sets out the rules relating to PhD dissertations consisting

More information

Writing Academic Essays at University. Philip Seaton, Hokkaido University

Writing Academic Essays at University. Philip Seaton, Hokkaido University Writing Academic Essays at University Philip Seaton, Hokkaido University Writing Academic Essays at University Page 2/ What is Research? Video 1 In this video series, I will be introducing you to the basics

More information

The Essay Guide: Developing Points/Depth of Analysis

The Essay Guide: Developing Points/Depth of Analysis The Essay Guide: Developing Points/Depth of Analysis W3 Developing Points/Depth of Analysis Point Evidence Explanation The Point Evidence Explanation rule is one that is still useful at FE and undergraduate

More information

Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research

Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research J. T. M. Miller, Department of Philosophy, University of Durham 1 Methodological Issues for Interdisciplinary Research Much of the apparent difficulty of interdisciplinary research stems from the nature

More information

Love in Italian Literature

Love in Italian Literature Italian 320: Writing About Italian Literature Spring 2012 Taught in Italian Recommended preparation: ITAL 224 Office Hours: Mon.: 1-2 / Tue.: 12-1 / Wed. 1-2/ and by appointment/ Lab: Mon. 12-1 (THH 314)

More information

MICHELANGELO PISTOLETTO BEFORE THE MIRROR

MICHELANGELO PISTOLETTO BEFORE THE MIRROR PISTOLETTO BEFORE THE MIRROR PISTOLETTO BEFORE THE MIRROR CONTENTS Michelangelo and Dante (English translation) 7 Plates 15 Michelangelo Pistoletto Biography 71 Works. Exhibition history and bibliography

More information

THE BACHELOR S DEGREE IN SPANISH

THE BACHELOR S DEGREE IN SPANISH Academic regulations for THE BACHELOR S DEGREE IN SPANISH THE FACULTY OF HUMANITIES THE UNIVERSITY OF AARHUS 2007 1 Framework conditions Heading Title Prepared by Effective date Prescribed points Text

More information

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2.1 Intrinsic Approach Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach and The extrinsic approach. The intrinsic approach was originally written

More information

Composition as Explanation Gertrude Stein

Composition as Explanation Gertrude Stein Composition as Explanation Gertrude Stein First delivered by the author as a lecture at Cambridge and Oxford, this essay was first published by the Hogarth Press in London in 1926 and revived in the volume

More information

NOTRE DAME de NAMUR UNIVERSITY

NOTRE DAME de NAMUR UNIVERSITY NOTRE DAME de NAMUR UNIVERSITY College of Arts and Sciences Master of Arts in English Program Handbook 2014-2015 College of Arts and Sciences Notre Dame de Namur University 1500 Ralston Avenue Belmont,

More information

Course Description (MA Degree)

Course Description (MA Degree) Course Description (MA Degree) Eng. 508 Semantics (3 Credit hrs.) This course is an introduction to the issues of meaning and logical interpretation in natural language. The first part of the course concentrates

More information

ENGL 401: Capstone in Creative Writing Spring 2016

ENGL 401: Capstone in Creative Writing Spring 2016 ENGL 401: Capstone in Creative Writing Spring 2016 Instructor Information Dinah Ryan, Associate Professor of English School of Nations 110D Office Hours: TBA and by appointment (Office hours will be finalized

More information

Quality of Life The Priorities of Older People with a Cognitive Impairment

Quality of Life The Priorities of Older People with a Cognitive Impairment Living in a Nursing Home Quality of Life The Priorities of Older People with a Cognitive Impairment Compiled by Suzanne Cahill PhD and Ana Diaz in association with Dementia Services Information and Development

More information

EXAMS Leaving Certificate English

EXAMS Leaving Certificate English EXAMS Leaving Certificate English Theme Language focus Learning focus Learning Support Language Support Exams: English Key vocabulary for exam questions, type and structure of questions. Understanding

More information

Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6

Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6 Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6 4 I. READING AND LITERATURE A. Word Recognition, Analysis, and Fluency The student

More information

Best Practices in Teaching Writing Charles Whitaker, Ph.D.

Best Practices in Teaching Writing Charles Whitaker, Ph.D. Best Practices in Teaching Writing Charles Whitaker, Ph.D. Following is a list of selected teaching practices that are well recognized in the profession as being effective in helping students develop as

More information

Beattie v Secretary of State for Social Security,

Beattie v Secretary of State for Social Security, CASE ANALYSIS Income Support Capital to be treated as income - Structured settlement of damages for personal injury - Whether periodical payments that arise from the annuity are to be treated as income

More information

Make a Major difference to your degree. Flexible Learning at Southampton

Make a Major difference to your degree. Flexible Learning at Southampton Make a Major difference to your degree. Flexible Learning at Southampton 2 Studying a Minor subject allows you to broaden your educational experience Make a Major difference to your degree by choosing

More information

Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing and Media Arts University of Missouri-Kansas City

Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing and Media Arts University of Missouri-Kansas City Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing and Media Arts University of Missouri-Kansas City The Department of English offers the degree Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.) in Creative Writing and Media Arts. This

More information

Introduction: Reading and writing; talking and thinking

Introduction: Reading and writing; talking and thinking Introduction: Reading and writing; talking and thinking We begin, not with reading, writing or reasoning, but with talk, which is a more complicated business than most people realize. Of course, being

More information

What's distinctive about your program?

What's distinctive about your program? Some frequently asked questions, answered for you by Christopher Pavsek, Associate Professor of Film SFU School for the Contemporary Arts. Revised December 2015 What's distinctive about your program? 1:

More information

Critical Analysis So what does that REALLY mean?

Critical Analysis So what does that REALLY mean? Critical Analysis So what does that REALLY mean? 1 The words critically analyse can cause panic in students when they first turn over their examination paper or are handed their assignment questions. Why?

More information

Growing Strong Nonfiction Readers and Writers What Matters Most in and out of Class Presenter: Mary Ehrenworth

Growing Strong Nonfiction Readers and Writers What Matters Most in and out of Class Presenter: Mary Ehrenworth Parents as reading and writing partners: A day to help parents understand the literacy work their children are doing in school, and what to do at home to help their children grow and achieve at the highest

More information

How to Analyze a Bible Passage

How to Analyze a Bible Passage How to Analyze a Bible Passage The kind of study that can help you examine a small passage of Scripture is called analytical Bible study. Analytical Bible study gives you a detailed view of a Bible book.

More information

The Literature of Classical Greece

The Literature of Classical Greece The Literature of Classical Greece The golden age of classical Greece lasted from the early fifth to the late fourth century BC, and was concentrated in Asia Minor and the Greek Isles. Although this era

More information

How to be a Graduate Student in Social Psychology

How to be a Graduate Student in Social Psychology Graduate School in Soc Psych 2013 Aug 16 1 How to be a Graduate Student in Social Psychology In this document, we offer advice about how to be a graduate student in social psychology. Although we hope

More information

Music management study london >>CLICK NOW

Music management study london >>CLICK NOW Music management study london. Dont miss your chance to make your application memorable in a positive way. Academic and School Paper Editing Letters of Recommendation must present their subjects in a unique

More information

Note to Teachers/Parents

Note to Teachers/Parents Note to Teachers/Parents Legend has it that when Ernest Hemingway was challenged to write a six-word novel, he came up with, For Sale: baby shoes, never worn. Inspired by Hemingway s short story, SMITH

More information

Master of Arts. Program in English

Master of Arts. Program in English Master of Arts Program in English Indiana University East Department of English Program Contact: Edwina Helton, Director of Graduate Programs in English edhelton@iue.edu Master of Arts in English The Master

More information

GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS

GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS Y11 Student Guide 2015-2016 Name: Form: English teacher: Studying English Language and Literature in Year11 A New Challenge Welcome back. This is the start

More information

LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNI0 N, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, N. Y.

LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNI0 N, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, N. Y. LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNI0 N, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, N. Y. LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, NEW YORK. LINA AND HER NURSE. L INA lived away in that land of the East

More information

Perspectives on Professional Growth: A Study on the Diaries of Undergraduate ELT Students

Perspectives on Professional Growth: A Study on the Diaries of Undergraduate ELT Students Perspectives on Professional Growth: A Study on the Diaries of Undergraduate ELT Students By Deniz Zeyrek (Turkey) Diary studies have become a useful tool for both L2 teachers and teacher educators. Such

More information

Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an. Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program

Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an. Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program 1 Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program Bonnie Flynn, Ed.D., MPH National-Louis University Abstract: This is

More information

Gonzaga in Florence. Course Name: The Writing Traveller Course Code: English 305 Semester: Fall 2015

Gonzaga in Florence. Course Name: The Writing Traveller Course Code: English 305 Semester: Fall 2015 Gonzaga in Florence Course Name: The Writing Traveller Course Code: English 305 Semester: Fall 2015 Scheduling: Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays 10.30 11.30 am Instructor Data: Name: Baret Magarian E-mail-address:

More information

Table of Contents. Excutive Summary

Table of Contents. Excutive Summary Presented by: 1 Table of Contents Excutive Summary I. Introduction II. Methodology III. Results of the Graduate Impact Survey IV. Implications and Outlook V. Literature 2 Executive Summary The Graduate

More information

Expository Essay Writing Student Name: Date: Period:

Expository Essay Writing Student Name: Date: Period: Expository Essay Writing Student Name: Date: Period: An expository essay is.... PROMPT: SAT Style Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below. Families are

More information

Guide for Writing an Exegesis On a Biblical Passage

Guide for Writing an Exegesis On a Biblical Passage Guide for Writing an Exegesis On a Biblical Passage A. Initial Approach 1. Context. Locate your pericope both within the immediate context of the basic division of the book and the overall structural units

More information

Chapter Four: How to Collaborate and Write With Others

Chapter Four: How to Collaborate and Write With Others Chapter Four: How to Collaborate and Write With Others Why Collaborate on Writing? Considering (and Balancing) the Two Extremes of Collaboration Peer Review as Collaboration * A sample recipe for how peer

More information

Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation

Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation According to speaking consultant Lilyan Wilder (1999), two of the greatest myths about delivering oral presentations are that you re better off

More information

Guidelines for Preparation of Master s Thesis in Art History

Guidelines for Preparation of Master s Thesis in Art History Guidelines for Preparation of Master s Thesis in Art History The MA thesis represents the final step in the completion of your MA in Art History degree at Studio Art Centers International (SACI). It should

More information

Follow links for Class Use and other Permissions. For more information send email to: permissions@press.princeton.edu

Follow links for Class Use and other Permissions. For more information send email to: permissions@press.princeton.edu COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Richard Raatzsch: The Apologetics of Evil is published by Princeton University Press and copyrighted, 2009, by Princeton University Press. All rights reserved. No part of this book may

More information

Transcription of Questions and Answers from Virtual Open Event of Wednesday 23 rd February 2011

Transcription of Questions and Answers from Virtual Open Event of Wednesday 23 rd February 2011 Transcription of Questions and Answers from Virtual Open Event of Wednesday 23 rd February 2011 Topic Question Answer Administration Administration Administration Administration/Entry Requirements Is it

More information

Making Reading Content Comprehensible for Intermediate Language Learners. Colin Dalton. University of Houston-Downtown, United States

Making Reading Content Comprehensible for Intermediate Language Learners. Colin Dalton. University of Houston-Downtown, United States Making Reading Content Comprehensible for Intermediate Language Learners Colin Dalton University of Houston-Downtown, United States 0135 The European Conference on Language Learning 2013 Official Conference

More information

ELECTRONIC EDITIONS WHICH WE HAVE MADE AND WHICH WE WANT TO MAKE

ELECTRONIC EDITIONS WHICH WE HAVE MADE AND WHICH WE WANT TO MAKE ELECTRONIC EDITIONS WHICH WE HAVE MADE AND WHICH WE WANT TO MAKE Peter Robinson * Before we even ask, what is an electronic edition we have to ask: what is an edition? So let us start with just that question.

More information

English Courses & Descriptions

English Courses & Descriptions English Courses & Descriptions ENGL 101. Elements of Composition (3; F, S) Three hours per week. An emphasis on the principles of writing and an introduction to the reading of college-level prose. ENGL

More information

30 Survey of European Literature. Selected works in continental European literature in English translation. Prereq: Eng 11/12. 3 u.

30 Survey of European Literature. Selected works in continental European literature in English translation. Prereq: Eng 11/12. 3 u. UNDERGRADUATE Comparative Literature (CL) 30 Survey of European Literature. Selected works in continental European literature in English translation. Prereq: Eng 11/12. 3 u. 40 Survey of Asian Literature.Selected

More information

CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM

CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM Professor Michael T. Corgan Office Hours Dept. of International Relations T & Th. 10-11:30 W 11-12 156 Bay State

More information

Personal Narrative Essays

Personal Narrative Essays San José State University Writing Center www.sjsu.edu/writingcenter Written by Jacqueline Goodwin Personal Narrative Essays This handout will help you begin your personal narrative essay assignment with

More information

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards for the Sunshine State Standards FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION www.myfloridaeducation.com The fourth grade student: Reading uses text features to predict content and monitor comprehension (for example,

More information

Freelance Creative Facilitator. Job Pack

Freelance Creative Facilitator. Job Pack Greater Manchester Arts Centre Ltd. Freelance Creative Facilitator Job Pack GMAC is funded by Page 1 of 13 Job Title FREELANCE CREATIVE FACILITATOR Duration of contract This freelance contract will cover

More information

Thanasis Velios podcast

Thanasis Velios podcast podcast Hello, and welcome to this JISC podcast interview. In this series we re speaking to people working on projects being funded by JISC s research data spring project to find out more about what they

More information

A beautiful sunny day in July; I m walking on a street in the middle of a city, being surrounded by

A beautiful sunny day in July; I m walking on a street in the middle of a city, being surrounded by A Trip to Cambridge By Iina Lahti A beautiful sunny day in July; I m walking on a street in the middle of a city, being surrounded by stunning old buildings. Colleges and churches seem to be in every corner,

More information

THE STATESMAN. A GWC Student Attends Law School. New 2005 George Wythe College Campus. Happy Holidays! From George Wythe College. On Campus Seminars:

THE STATESMAN. A GWC Student Attends Law School. New 2005 George Wythe College Campus. Happy Holidays! From George Wythe College. On Campus Seminars: THE STATESMAN Volume 8 Issue 12 December 2005 Happy Holidays! From George Wythe College On Campus Seminars: Dec 16-17 Mar 4-5 Mar 7-8 May 2-27 May 30-31 July 15-16 Roots of America How to Read a Book A

More information

Speech to the Bell Telephone System s Traffic Conference November 1927

Speech to the Bell Telephone System s Traffic Conference November 1927 Speech to the Bell Telephone System s Traffic Conference November 1927 Page, A. W. (1927, November 11). Address. Speech includes remarks by Bancroft Gherardi on Nov. 7 introducing Mr. Page on his arrival

More information

Please see current textbook prices at www.rcgc.bncollege.com

Please see current textbook prices at www.rcgc.bncollege.com ENG235: AMERICAN FILM CLASSICS SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 CATALOG DESCRIPTION Prerequisite: ENG101 English Composition I This survey of the American film industry emphasizes its development as

More information

English 305 English 310 English 316 English 357

English 305 English 310 English 316 English 357 DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (CREATIVE WRITING) 48 units APPROVAL 98th UPD UC : December 2006 President ERRoman : 12 December 2006 DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (ENGLISH STUDIES: LANGUAGE) 48 units APPROVAL 45th UPD UC

More information

The Need for Futures Markets in Currencies Milton Friedman

The Need for Futures Markets in Currencies Milton Friedman The Need for Futures Markets in Currencies Milton Friedman Under the Bretton Woods system, the central banks of the world undertook to keep the exchange rates of their currencies in terms of the dollar

More information

Gradus ad Parnassum: Writing the Master s Thesis Michigan State University, College of Music September 2007. Carol A. Hess

Gradus ad Parnassum: Writing the Master s Thesis Michigan State University, College of Music September 2007. Carol A. Hess Gradus ad Parnassum: Writing the Master s Thesis Michigan State University, College of Music September 2007 Carol A. Hess The following is an incremental plan like the steps to Parnassus that should help

More information

Chapter 1. The Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650

Chapter 1. The Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650 Chapter 1 The Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650 The Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of history that sought to join the middle ages to the modern times. This age grew into one of the most culturally

More information

Preface. A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region

Preface. A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region Preface A Plea for Cultural Histories of Migration as Seen from a So-called Euro-region The Centre for the History of Intercultural Relations (CHIR), which organised the conference of which this book is

More information

Romeo and Juliet. TASK: Find a map of Italy. Your map should be A4 size. Clearly label the major Italian cities.

Romeo and Juliet. TASK: Find a map of Italy. Your map should be A4 size. Clearly label the major Italian cities. Romeo and Juliet Worksheet One. Romeo and Juliet takes place in the Italian city of Verona. TASK: Find a map of Italy. Your map should be A4 size. Clearly label the major Italian cities. On a separate

More information

GRADUATE SCHOOL. Should I go? When to go? Where? Tests Applying SMITH COLLEGE CAREER DEVELOPMENT OFFICE

GRADUATE SCHOOL. Should I go? When to go? Where? Tests Applying SMITH COLLEGE CAREER DEVELOPMENT OFFICE SMITH COLLEGE CAREER DEVELOPMENT OFFICE GRADUATE SCHOOL Should I go? When to go? Where? Tests Applying NORTHAMPTON, MA 413-585-2582 F:413-585-2596 WWW.SMITH.EDU/CDO SHOULD I GO? There are two good reasons

More information

LOVE AND PASSION- THE ULTIMATE RELATIONSHIP PROGRAM COMPANION WORKBOOK

LOVE AND PASSION- THE ULTIMATE RELATIONSHIP PROGRAM COMPANION WORKBOOK LOVE AND PASSION- THE ULTIMATE RELATIONSHIP PROGRAM COMPANION WORKBOOK No matter how much we love our children, no matter how close we are to our Creator, no matter how important our work is, ultimately,

More information

EUROPEAN COURSES OFFERED AT FIU

EUROPEAN COURSES OFFERED AT FIU EUROPEAN COURSES OFFERED AT FIU Florida International University Core EU Courses CPO 3103 Politics of Western Europe CPO 3104 Politics of the European Union CPO 4461 Politics of Eastern Europe CPO 4930

More information

{PROFILE} {PROFILE} {PROFILE} Roberto Fino. Roberto Fino {OUTLINE} ISSUE 1, 2014 9

{PROFILE} {PROFILE} {PROFILE} Roberto Fino. Roberto Fino {OUTLINE} ISSUE 1, 2014 9 {OUTLINE} ISSUE 1, 2014 9 Italian born Roberto has a long background working in illustration and animation in across an international environment. This experienced artist shares his experience, the importance

More information

Every Painting Tells A Story

Every Painting Tells A Story Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904-1989). Equestrian Fantasy: Lady Dunn, 1954 Every Painting Tells A Story Beaverbrook Story Starter Teacher Kits MIDDLE YEARS: GR. 5-8 wag.ca/schools Winnipeg Art Gallery 300

More information

(writing to learn) Project Rationale (part I):

(writing to learn) Project Rationale (part I): A WAY OF SEEING PHOTOGRAPHY PROJECT (writing to learn) Jarek Michalonek Project Rationale (part I): This is a highly effective expository writing assignment (which can work very well in all ESL and non-esl

More information

Focus on Essay Writing

Focus on Essay Writing Focus on Essay Writing Essay writing is a process and a product. You need to focus on the process in order to achieve a high quality product. What is an essay? The word essay originally meant to test or

More information

ENGLISH (ENGL) Updated March 17, 2016

ENGLISH (ENGL) Updated March 17, 2016 ENGLISH (ENGL) Updated March 17, 2016 Chair: Associate Professor A. Turner; Professors Emeriti: P. Nodelman, E.E. Reimer, D. Schnitzer, M.G. Wanamaker; Professors: N. Besner, M. Evans, C. Hunter, Z. Izydorczyk,

More information

Masonic Questions and Answers

Masonic Questions and Answers Masonic Questions and Answers by Paul M. Bessel iii Masonic Questions and Answers A Cornerstone Book Copyright 2005 by Paul M. Bessel All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright

More information

Thinking about College? A Student Preparation Toolkit

Thinking about College? A Student Preparation Toolkit Thinking about College? A Student Preparation Toolkit Think Differently About College Seeking Success If you are like the millions of other people who are thinking about entering college you are probably

More information

Beginning Italian. Benvenuti!!!

Beginning Italian. Benvenuti!!! Beginning Italian Benvenuti!!! Che cosa impariamo in questo corso? How to pronounce Italian How to make simple conversation Some phrases to get by in your travels Some Italian culture Your interests? Required

More information

THEME: God has a calling on the lives of every one of His children!

THEME: God has a calling on the lives of every one of His children! Devotion NT298 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Paul s First Missionary Journey THEME: God has a calling on the lives of every one of His children! SCRIPTURE: Acts 12:25 13:52 Dear Parents

More information

Writing Thesis Defense Papers

Writing Thesis Defense Papers Writing Thesis Defense Papers The point of these papers is for you to explain and defend a thesis of your own critically analyzing the reasoning offered in support of a claim made by one of the philosophers

More information

UNEXPECTED ADVICE FOR BEGINNING GRADUATE STUDENTS IN ASTROPHYSICS

UNEXPECTED ADVICE FOR BEGINNING GRADUATE STUDENTS IN ASTROPHYSICS Organizations, People and Strategies in Astronomy I (OPSA I), 143-147 Ed. A. Heck,. UNEXPECTED ADVICE FOR BEGINNING GRADUATE STUDENTS IN ASTROPHYSICS JEFFREY L. LINSKY JILA University of Colorado and NIST

More information

LESSON TITLE: Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

LESSON TITLE: Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard Devotion NT255 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard THEME: God is more concerned with our heart s attitude than our service. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 20:1-16

More information

SIUE Mass Communications Graduate Program Guide & Handbook. Designed To Educate & Assist Our Prospective & Current Masters Candidates

SIUE Mass Communications Graduate Program Guide & Handbook. Designed To Educate & Assist Our Prospective & Current Masters Candidates SIUE Mass Communications Graduate Program Guide & Handbook Designed To Educate & Assist Our Prospective & Current Masters Candidates Copyright SIUE Mass Communications Department 2010 Table of Contents

More information

Financial Freedom: Three Steps to Creating and Enjoying the Wealth You Deserve

Financial Freedom: Three Steps to Creating and Enjoying the Wealth You Deserve Financial Freedom: Three Steps to Creating and Enjoying the Wealth You Deserve What does financial freedom mean to you? Does it mean freedom from having to work, yet still being able to enjoy life without

More information

Comparative Literature XL191: Variable Topics: When Bad Things Happen to Good People Katherine McLoone, PhD Winter 2015

Comparative Literature XL191: Variable Topics: When Bad Things Happen to Good People Katherine McLoone, PhD Winter 2015 Comparative Literature XL191: Variable Topics: When Bad Things Happen to Good People Katherine McLoone, PhD Winter 2015 Course Description. The Book of Job is surely the most profound expression of faith

More information

Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University

Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University In his paper "Lab Animals and The Art of Empathy", David Thomas presents his case against animal experimentation. That case

More information

Attending Women: It s About Time University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee June 18-20, 2015. Workshop Title Emotional Communities: Early Modern Women Writers

Attending Women: It s About Time University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee June 18-20, 2015. Workshop Title Emotional Communities: Early Modern Women Writers Attending Women: It s About Time University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee June 18-20, 2015 Workshop Title Emotional Communities: Early Modern Women Writers Workshop Organizers Elizabeth Anderson Ph.D., University

More information

Chapter 13: Directing and Producing

Chapter 13: Directing and Producing Chapter 13: Directing and Producing Playwright Producer Functions are distinct yet entwined Director Writing, producing, and directing come together in a variety of ways and meet in production Playwright

More information

Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Writing an Annotated Bibliography Writing an Annotated Bibliography What is a Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of references -- books, articles, websites, etc. -- that have been cited in a work you have produced. What is an Annotation?

More information

At the level of programming, video games are algorithms. At the level of invention, they are not.

At the level of programming, video games are algorithms. At the level of invention, they are not. 1 Good Fit in Good Video Games: Components in a System James Paul Gee Mary Lou Fulton Presidential Professor & Regents Professor Arizona State University James.gee@asu.edu At the level of programming,

More information

complete and, since what is presented in a tragedy imitates reality, the reality itself offers a display of such actions. The language in tragedy is

complete and, since what is presented in a tragedy imitates reality, the reality itself offers a display of such actions. The language in tragedy is Essay no. 46 A tragedy, then, is the imitation of a noble and complete action, having a certain magnitude, made in a language spiced up by diverse kinds of embellishments brought in separately in the parts

More information

The Functions of Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet

The Functions of Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet The Functions of Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet by Sharon Yu 游 欣 樺 Romeo and Juliet is a famous tragedy written by William Shakespeare. The plot is based on an Italian tale but Shakespeare makes it more

More information

Campus Academic Resource Program

Campus Academic Resource Program This handout will: Discuss how to interpret teaching credential application essay prompts. Provide an example of a prompt. Provide an example of a sample response with critique. Discuss how to establish

More information

Stop Being Lost In Translation

Stop Being Lost In Translation ESSAI Volume 2 Article 24 Spring 2004 Stop Being Lost In Translation Aaron Olson College of DuPage Follow this and additional works at: http://dc.cod.edu/essai Recommended Citation Olson, Aaron (2004)

More information

Rock-N-Happy Heart: The Devotional By Yancy. by Yancy

Rock-N-Happy Heart: The Devotional By Yancy. by Yancy Rock-N-Happy Heart: The Devotional By Yancy by Yancy 1 73 Day 1-Dreams Will Come True Once upon a time a long time ago, I was a little girl with a dream. I loved to sing. (My parents have told that me

More information

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 CATALOG DESCRIPTION Prerequisite: ENG101 English Composition I Students study a variety of short fiction for story structure and write

More information

Great Expectations: How Digital Project Planning Fosters Collaboration between Academic Libraries and External Entities

Great Expectations: How Digital Project Planning Fosters Collaboration between Academic Libraries and External Entities Ms. Shelley Barba Metadata Librarian Library Great Expectations: How Digital Project Planning Fosters Collaboration between Academic Libraries and External Entities This article looks at how project management

More information

Affordable papers revision policy. An "essay mill" is a ghostwriting service that sells prewritten essays to university and college students.

Affordable papers revision policy. An essay mill is a ghostwriting service that sells prewritten essays to university and college students. Affordable papers revision policy. An "essay mill" is a ghostwriting service that sells prewritten essays to university and college students. Affordable papers revision policy >>>CLICK HERE

More information

THESIS GUIDELINES for MA in Theology and Ministry, MA in Pastoral Ministry, and MEd in Religious Education

THESIS GUIDELINES for MA in Theology and Ministry, MA in Pastoral Ministry, and MEd in Religious Education THESIS GUIDELINES for MA in Theology and Ministry, MA in Pastoral Ministry, and MEd in Religious Education 2 PURPOSE Upon completion of this project, students will have demonstrated that they are able

More information