We are presenting a wavelet based video conferencing system. Openphone. Dirac Wavelet based video codec

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1 Investigating Wavelet Based Video Conferencing System Team Members: o AhtshamAli Ali o Adnan Ahmed (in Newzealand for grad studies) o Adil Nazir (starting MS at LUMS now) o Waseem Khan o Farah Parvaiz o Muhammad Hussnain (pursuing MS from Sweden) o Ahmed Majeed, Farooq Ali (are in USA for grad studies) Supervisors: o Dr. Shahid Masud o Dr. Nadeem A.Khan Lahore University of Management Sciences 1

2 Investigating Wavelet Based Video Conferencing We are presenting a wavelet based video conferencing system. Openphone Peer to peer video conferencing system Dirac Wavelet based video codec 2

3 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 3

4 Video Conferencing System Overview 4

5 Open Phone in Video Conferencing System What is Openphone? PWLIB SIP RTP 5

6 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 6

7 Dirac: Wavelet Based Video Codec What is Dirac? Open Source technology High Performance, simple and Modular Design Video Codec Support Multiple Picture Formats Good Subjective quality due to Psycho Visual property of wavelet 7

8 Dirac Encoder Architecture 8

9 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 9

10 Dirac Integration In Openphone Dirac version has successfully embedded in Openphone. Methods Source Code Integration Dirac Library Plug-in Support in Openphone Registration of Dirac in Openphone Dirac Bridging Classes 10

11 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 11

12 Buffer I/O Sender Side Take video from thecamera Encodes it using the Dirac encoder and directs the output bit-stream toabuffer. The output bit-stream buffer is then handled by Openphone Transmits the bit-stream over network in order to send it tothethe receiver side. Receiver Side Openphone receives thebit-stream, Decodes it using Dirac decoder and Displays the video onthe local display window. 12

13 Parameter passing from Openphone We have modified Dirac encoder / decoder to get the parameter list from Openphone instead of acquiring it through console input. Width Height Frame rate Bit-rate Video format Qualityetc. whereas Dirac encoder/decoder uses this list to encode/decode as appropriate. 13

14 Bit-stream Fragmentation Divide the bit-stream into network supported size packets. 14

15 Size Up gradation (CIF) We have added support for CIF size (352x288) as well as for QCIF (176x144) size. Practical issues involved were increase in encoding time and size of bit-stream. Frame rate reduced to 2,3 fps 15

16 Frame Rate Optimization Dirac usually generates a bit-stream of 5 to 75 kilobytes modified the Openphone architecture to transmit the whole bit-stream of one frame before grabbing the next frame. Increased the frame rate to 12 fps. 16

17 INTER Mode Motion Estimation Support Bit-stream size reduction Maintaining the starting and ending sequence of the frame Maintaining the initialization and re-initialization of Dirac encoder. Also, some buffers are introduced for maintaining the bit-stream before transmission. 17

18 GUI Support The user can configure video conferencing options as desired Dial / Listen Video Size CIF or QCIF Quality Encoding mode (INTER / INTRA) 18

19 GUI Main Window 19

20 Crashing Problem Video conferencing lasted only a couple of hours Memory leakages and bugs have been removed from the code by extensive debugging. Tested for 50 hours. 20

21 Discrete Wavelet Transform Old DWT filter DD9_7 10 frames per second Experimentations have been done over all the available wavelet filters Replaced with HAAR0 Performance gain 25 % Frame rate increased to 15 frames per second 21

22 Dirac Latest release of Dirac video codec version has been successfully implemented in Openphone. Frame rate is around 15 frames per second 22

23 Client / Server Configurations Quality and Size To be set from both sides Now only Dialer has the option and whatever he selects becomes the communication size for video conferencing. 23

24 Experiments and Results (Cont.) Comparison of Dirac and other video codec Comparison of Openphone Codecs 50 Average PSNR (db) Bitrate H263-Intra H261-Intra Dirac-Intra Bit rate Vs PSNR of Openphone Codec 24

25 Experiments and Results (Cont.) Subjective Quality Difference in H.261,H.263 and Dirac at 300 Kbps H.261 H.263 Dirac 25

26 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 26

27 Improvements in Dirac Improvement in Motion Estimation 3D Recursive Search Algorithm Reduced Computational Complexity Performance Scalability Three Different Bit Streams Base Layer, Enhancement Layer1, Enhancement Layer2 Three Types SNR, Spatial, Temporal 27

28 Improvements in Motion Estimation Existing Motion Estimation Algorithm: Three Stages Motion vectors are found for each block of 1 pixel accuracy using Hierarchical Motion Estimation Vectors are refined to sub pixel accuracy Mode Decision 28

29 Continued Process of down conversion in hierarchical motion estimation 29

30 Continued In lowest level, two candidate vector lists are generated, one is centered at zero motion vector and the other spatially predicted motion vector. In all other levels, there candidate vector lists are generated, two above and one guide vector list,which is the best motion vector of the block at the immediate lower level. Sum of absolute difference is used as a cost function. 30

31 Continued Complexity of Existing Algorithm Using Hierarchical Motion Estimation Huge amount of SAD calculations, taking 80% of total encoding time 3DRS Algorithm Spatial Predictor Temporal Predictor A C X B E MB in current frame MB in previous frame Current MB 31

32 Continued Proposed ME Scheme Based on 3DRS 32

33 Experiments and Results The Comparison of Motion Estimation (ME) Results for CIF with GOP Size = 36, B Frames = 18 Sequence Algorithm File Size (KB) PSNR-Y (db) Avg(SAD) /Frame %SAD Reduction of 3DRS %ME Time Reduction of 3DRS %Total Time Reduction of 3DRS Original Foreman 3DRS % 61% 49% Container Original DRS % 59% 46% News Highway Original DRS Original DRS % 60% 43% 57% 55% 42% 33

34 Experiments and Results The Comparison of Motion Estimation (ME) Results for CIF with GOP Size = 54, B Frames = 36 Sequence Algorithm File Size (KB) PSNR-Y (db) Avg(SAD) /Frame %SAD Reduction of 3DRS %ME Time Reduction of 3DRS %Total Time Reduction of 3DRS Original Foreman 3DRS % 62% 49% Container News Highway Original DRS Original DRS Original DRS % 59% 43% 64% 60% 44% 56% 57% 43% 34

35 Conclusion Implemented modified adaptive 3DRS algorithm by using temporal and spatial block motion vectors. Reduces the average number of SAD calculations per block by 50% to 65%. Reduces the motion estimation time from 50% to 60%. Reduces the total encoding time from 30% to 50%. Average PSNR and bit stream size does not show significant variations. 35

36 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 36

37 Scalability Three different bit-streams Base Layer (7-16) Enhancement Layer 1 (4-6) Enhancement Layer 2 (1-3) Three types SNR Spatial Temporal ( In progress) 37

38 Dirac Bit Stream Syntax 38

39 Dirac Bit Stream Syntax 39

40 Dirac Architecture For Scalability 40

41 Dirac Bit stream Splitter 41

42 Bit Stream Layers After Splitting Bit Stream Layers After Splitting for Inter Frame 42

43 Dirac Bit stream Joiner 43

44 Bit Stream After joining Bit Stream After Joining for Inter Frame 44

45 Scalability In Openphone Three different bit-streams Base Layer (7-16) Enhancement Layer 1 (4-6) Enhancement Layer 2 (1-3 ) Three types Spatial SNR Temporal (Not completed) 45

46 Scalability in Openphone User receive video depending on his capabilities. 46

47 Outline Introduction Video Conferencing system Openphone Wavelet based video codec Dirac Embedding Process Improvements in Openphone Improvements in Dirac Scalability Summary 47

48 Tasks Completed Understanding the code of different modules of Dirac video codec Documenting the algorithmic details Improvement in encoding time of Dirac 3DRS implementation, Comp complexity reduction, wavelet transform improvement Implementing SNR and Spatial scalability in Dirac Integrating Dirac in Open phone Implementing Multi-streaming in open phone Providing Graphical User Interface support Support up till CIF format Improvement Dirac to real time Extended frame rate from 3 to 15 48

49 Ongoing and Future Work Addressing other modules regarding performance perspective Implementing Wavelet coefficient parent child relationship for scalable video performance improvement Implementing Temporal scalability Support extended for HDTV. Multi-user support for scalability in open phone Association of audio stream Improvement of GUI according to new developments Chat, File sharing 49

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