4 Building a Framework Building a framework piece by piece Use this framework with families with the tool of an eco-map
5 Framework for Practice: Ecological Systems and Intersections Historical Events School MEZZO-LEVEL Community, Extended Family work MICRO- LEVEL: Individual, Family Family/Individual Extended Family Social trends and Issues MACRO-LEVEL: Social, Political, Historical
6 Systems Theory Systems theory: all elements of our environment impact who we are as individuals and families There are three levels in our environment: 1. The Macro level 2. The Mezzo level 3. The Micro level The interactions occur between systems 1. transactional-relationships 2. person-in-environment.
7 MICRO LEVEL SYSTEMS The individual, couple and family systems MICRO LEVEL
8 MEZZO LEVEL Community and extended family MEZZO LEVEL MICRO LEVEL
9 MACRO LEVEL Historical events & the political and social environment MACRO LEVEL MEZZO LEVEL MICRO LEVEL
10 CULTURE Culture influences systems at every level of the environment. Macro-level: culture influences policies and laws Mezzo-level: organizational culture as well as neighborhood and extended family cultures Micro-level: culture influences choices in family function, such as marriage, family roles & child rearing.
11 Family Systems Are made up of family members Are nested in the larger systems of community and society. Have unique characteristics which maybe perceived as strengths or challenges. Engage in transactional- relationships with those both within and without the family system.
12 Family-Centered Practice Family-centered practice provides a framework that is based on the belief that the best way to protect children is to strengthen families.
13 Components of Family-Centered Practice 1. Safety, permanency and well being of children are the first priority. 2. The family is the focus of the casework process. 3. Successful outcomes are demonstrated by the child s developmental progress and well being. 4. Families are at the center of the decision-making process. 5. Racial and ethnic background is respected
14 Why be family-centered? Most children are raised in families Families are the main source of social and financial support Engaging the entire family system leverages all available resources for a child Involving families in decision making processes strengthens family ties, and encourages ongoing support for children FCP supports ASFA, ICWA, and the Grand-parents Rights Law Helping parents be better parents keeps children safer in the long run. Using the eco-map is a nonthreatening way to gather information for FASP and other forms.
15 Framework for Practice: Ecological Systems and Intersections Historical Events School MEZZO-LEVEL Community, Extended Family work MICRO- LEVEL: Individual, Family ---CULTURE ----CULTURE----CULTURE----CULTURE----CULTURE---- Family/Individual Social trends and Issues Extended Family MACRO-LEVEL: Social, Political, Historical
16 Micro-Level: The Individual MACRO LEVEL MACRO LEVEL Individual Characteristics
17 Individual Characteristics Personality traits Physical traits Culture Racial and ethnic identity Gender identity Sexual preference Age
18 Intersectionality Intersectionality describes the unique way that personal characteristics, such as age, race and ethnicity intersect with each other in one individual.
19 Think about: Personal Intersections What characteristics intersect to make you the person you are today? Culture, religion Ethnicity, Race Urban or rural Economic status Gender and sexual preference Health, weight, beauty, age
20 ECOMAP The ECOMAP is a tool to map information for a family from all levels of the environment.
21 Genograms vs. Eco-maps Genograms, family maps and eco-maps are all similar. Eco-maps include information from all levels of the environment Culture crosses all levels and effects families at every level of the ecosystem.
22 ECOMAP: Micro level The Eco-map can be used to record information about family systems, subsystems and individuals.
23 Mapping: Individual Characteristics Thinking back to the family in the case you brought, what are some specific characteristics of the individuals in the family. Think about: One family member That person s characteristics What made you choose those characteristics?
24 Micro-level: Individual and Family Family characteristics and family sub-systems are mapped at the Micro level. Macro-level Mezzo-level Individual Characteristics Family Characteristics
25 Family What is a Family?
26 Definitions of Family Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption and who reside together (Nye & Bernardo, 1973) A group of people who love and care for each other (Seligman, 1992)
27 Family Structure Families come in many different shapes and sizes, like houses- we call this their structure. Think about the structure of the family in the case you brought.
28 Family Characteristics Family Power Structure Boundaries Family Homeostasis Subsystems Family Rules Communication Patterns Family Roles Triangulation Family Myths
29 Mapping Family Characteristics Communication patterns Boundaries Triangulation Power imbalances Family myths Sub-systems Strengths
30 Family Sub-systems Family sub-systems are related by blood, marriage or strong emotional ties. Sub-systems include: Parents Parent and child Siblings Grandparents
31 Couples Couples are an important subsystem they have tremendous impact on the lives of their children whether they are married, divorced, cohabiting, same-sex, or in a conflicted relationship
32 Parents In addition to biological parents, children also may have step-parents, foster parents, adoptive parents, or grandparents who are acting as parents. Native American s often consider biological aunts and uncles to be the same as parents Children may consider a non-related person who cares for them such as mother s boyfriend as their parent.
33 Mezzo Level: Extended Family MACRO LEVEL MEZZO LEVEL Extended Family MICRO LEVEL
34 Extended Family Family-centered practice looks to extended family as a source of strength and resources for the family.
35 Mezzo Level: Community Supports MACRO LEVEL MEZZO LEVEL Community Supports MICRO LEVEL
36 String Activity This activity will demonstrate: There are many resources within the community to help families. The extended family may provide resources for children. Family group conferences should include all potential resources for families.
37 Benefit of mapping community and extended family resources Mapping the resources that the family is connected with can help the family (and us) visualize the support they already have in place and any gaps that need to be filled.
38 ECOMAP: Mezzo Level The Eco-map can be used to record information about the community and extended family and their relationship with the family.
39 Macro Level MACRO LEVEL Historical events Social trends Social issues Economic factors MEZZO LEVEL MICRO LEVEL
40 Historical Events Wars Natural disasters Terrorist attacks Civil rights activities Space travel events
41 Macro Level Social forces are not event based like historical influences They are part of our culture and our times These are values and ideas that influence us Sometimes we are aware of these influences and sometimes not Sometimes we agree with them, sometimes not
42 Social Trends Social trends and social issues affect all of us, even when we are not aware that it is happening
43 Macro Level What are some of today s social norms that influence us all?
44 ECOMAP: Macro level An eco-map can be used to record historical events, social issues or trends and cultural issues which occur at the Macro-level.
45 Summary of Eco-map Contents Micro Level Individual Characteristics Family Characteristics Mezzo Level Extended family Community Resources Macro Level Societal events, trends and issues
46 How to use Eco-map As a source of information When completing the FASP relationship matrix When planning a family case conference. When identifying gaps in resources When doing a needs assessment
47 Activity Application of the Eco-map To Cases
48 Family Group Conferencing National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice and Permanency Planning Hunter College School of Social Welfare December 8, 2004
49 Family Group Conferencing 1. How many people are familiar with FGC, or have participated in FGC? 2. What is the purpose of FGC? 3. What has the FGC looked like when you were involved?
50 Family Group Conferencing This webcast: 1. Gives an overview 2. Focuses on one model in Washington State 3. Describes models for African American and Native families
51 VIEW WEBCAST
52 Family Group Conferencing What might be challenging about using Family Group Conferencing in your casework practice?
53 Family Group Conferencing What might be the benefits to using FGC into your casework practice?
54 VIEW WEBCAST OASIS MODEL
55 Family Group Conferencing What were some of the unique elements of the African American culture that this FGC model was very responsive to?
56 The Church is the Village Meetings were conducted 80% of the time at church and 20% at grandmother s or relative s home It speaks specifically to the Kwanza principles, many of which overlap New Zealand model
57 Family Group Conferencing Did anything else in this webcast leave you with any thoughts or feelings?
58 African American children are over represented in care Negative biases against AA families regardless of the worker s ethnicity AA families receive higher risk ratings FGC outcomes have been very positive OTHER THOUGHTS
59 Cultural Connection Agreements In your workbooks there is an example of a Cultural Connection Agreement that was referred to in the webcast. You may take time later to see how this could fit into your practice.
60 Benefits Provides you with a framework to conduct your work in a family centered and culturally competent manner Supports the legislation, rules, regulations and mandates (ASFA, ICWA, Grandparents legislation) In your workbooks there are summaries outlining these mandates
61 Casting the Widest Net All the FGC models we just viewed emphasize the importance of casting the widest net in terms of who should be present at a FGC What are some of the benefits of involving a non-resident father or extended family with the service planning process?
62 Challenges Often times, casting a wider net can be extremely challenging for a caseworker What are some of the challenges that you have encountered or could imagine encountering with involving the non-resident father or extended family?
63 Overcoming Barriers How have you or could you overcome some of these barriers?
64 Your Case Think for a moment about the case you brought today Remembering to cast the widest net, who would you want to include in a FGC? Why? How would you include the input from members who could not or should not attend?
65 Challenges SAFETY is paramount Family violence requires forethought Remember, the absent member can have input via phone, letter, etc..
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