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1 Name: Class: _ Date: _ US Government Ch 4 Test True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. The federal government employs more people than local government. Government Employees 2. There are more state government employees than local government employees. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 3. The national government's control of immigration is an example of a. concurrent powers. c. inherent powers. b. delegated powers. d. expressed powers. 4. The Constitution grants these powers to the national government. a. delegated powers c. reserved powers b. supremacy powers d. denied powers 5. For a territory to be admitted to the Union, the first step was for Congress to pass a. the state constitution. c. a sunshine law. b. an enabling act. d. a sunset law. 1

2 Name: 6. This gives the federal government the right to tax your income. a. the Preamble of the Constitution c. Sixteenth Amendment b. a presidential order d. Article IV 7. This organization of government administrators carries out legislation. a. federal bureaucracy c. United States Conference of Mayors b. Supreme Court justices d. Congress 8. This applies to criminals who flee a state to avoid punishment. a. extradition c. sunshine law b. sunset law d. civil law 9. Article IV of the Constitution obligates states to give this to one another's citizens. a. interstate compacts c. privileges and immunities b. obedience to the sunset laws d. full faith for credit cards 10. An agreement between states is called a. a public act. c. the sunshine law. b. a judicial proceeding. d. an interstate compact. 11. The national government provides money to the states through this. a. mandates c. federal grants b. preemption d. prior restraint 12. These require government meetings to be open to the public. a. daylight laws c. civil lawsuits b. sunshine laws d. sunset laws 2

3 Name: 13. The Constitution gives the government three types of power. What is the name for these powers? a. Concurrent c. Delegated b. Supreme d. National 14. State and national governments share the power to levy taxes and a. coin money. c. establish courts. b. regulate intrastate commerce. d. declare war. 3

4 Name: 15. Under the Constitution, the national government is obligated to provide states with three things. Choose the answer that best completes the chart. a. denied powers c. funds to administer elections b. surveillance d. protection 4

5 Name: 16. What role does the president play in the admission process for new states? a. issues proclamation c. vetoes the amendment b. signs the enabling act d. submits application to United Nations 5

6 Name: 17. Study the chart. Which state allows voters to register on Election Day? a. Wisconsin c. North Carolina b. California d. Texas 18. Study the chart. Which state cancels a voter s registration if they do not participate in a four-year period? a. California c. Wisconsin b. Texas d. North Carolina 19. Study the chart. Which state requires voters to register the farthest in advance? a. California c. Wisconsin b. Texas d. North Carolina 6

7 Name: 20. Study the chart. Which state receives the most funding per capita? a. Alaska c. Virginia b. Hawaii d. equal distribution 7

8 Name: 21. According to the chart, what is the smallest form of local government? a. school districts c. special districts b. townships and towns d. counties 22. How many school districts existed in 2002? a. 13,879 c. 13,522 b. 35,050 d. 35, In which year was the number of government units the greatest? a c b d

9 Name: Government Employees 24. According to this circle graph, how many local government employees were there in 2002? a. 11,206 c. 2,698 b. 63 percent d. 4, Which division of government employs the fewest people? a. local c. federal b. military d. state 9

10 Name: 26. According to the map, which state receives the most federal aid? a. West Virginia c. New Mexico b. Alabama d. Montana 27. How many states have less federal spending returned than they pay in taxes? a. 31 c. 20 b. 16 d. 32 Completion Complete each statement. 28. Establishing diplomatic relations is an example of a(n) power. 29. The must guarantee each state a republican form of government. 10

11 Name: Matching 30. A state can sue another state only in the. 31. The Sixteenth Amendment gave Congress the power to levy a(n). 32. contributes to economic and political differences in the states because it permits each state freedom. Match each item with the correct statement below. a. protect states from invasion f. governors b. Franklin D. Roosevelt g. Ronald Reagan c. extradition h. tax exports d. interstate compact i. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney e. supremacy clause j. pay for federal elections 33. national law outweighs state law 34. power denied to the national government 35. obligation of the national government 36. obligation of the states 37. procedure for returning fugitives 38. agreement between states 39. endorsed the new federalism 40. elected at state level Short Answer Critical Thinking 41. Synthesizing The federal government guarantees the states a republican form of government, protection, and territorial integrity. Give examples of how each of these guarantees are carried out. 11

12 Name: 42. Making Inferences Explain the "privileges and immunities" clause and why it does not apply to nonresidents who attend a state's public universities. 43. Identifying Central Issues What might happen if the Constitution allowed state laws to have supremacy over federal laws? 44. Drawing Conclusions Explain why federal laws might be a better method than state compacts to deal with widespread environmental issues like air or water pollution. Understanding Concepts 45. Federalism Explain why laws differ from state to state and how those differences are related to federalism. 46. Federalism Name one power that the Constitution denies to the states, and explain how the nation benefits from that restriction. 12

13 Name: 47. Public Policy Explain how federalism makes government more democratic and responsive to the people. 48. Federalism How do the Constitution's "full faith and credit" clause and its "privileges and immunities" clause make it easier for citizens to move from one state to another? Congress shall have power... to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the Foregoing powers, and all other powers vested... in the Government of the United States.... Article I, Section Explain why this clause is known as the necessary and proper or elastic clause. 13

14 Name: The proposed Constitution, so far from implying an abolition of the State governments, makes them constituent parts of the national sovereignty, by allowing them a direct representation in the Senate, and leaves in their possession certain exclusive and very important portions of sovereign power. This fully corresponds... with the idea of a federal government. Alexander Hamilton, Based on this passage, would you believe Hamilton to be a Federalist or an Anti-Federalist? Support your decision. 14

15 US Government Ch 4 Test Answer Section TRUE/FALSE 1. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 2. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, MULTIPLE CHOICE 3. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Page 96 96, 4. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 95 95, 5. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page 99 99, 6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 7. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 8. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 9. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 1

16 10. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 11. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 12. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 13. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 95 95, 14. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page 97 97, 15. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 98 98, 16. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 99 99, 17. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 18. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 19. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 2

17 20. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 21. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 22. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 23. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 24. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 25. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 26. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 27. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 3

18 COMPLETION MATCHING 28. ANS: inherent PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Page 96 96, 29. ANS: national government PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page 98 98, 30. ANS: Supreme Court PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 31. ANS: income tax PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 32. ANS: Federalism PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 33. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 97 97, 34. ANS: H PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 98 98, 35. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 98 98, 4

19 36. ANS: J PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 1. For additional practice, 37. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Pages s , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 38. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 39. ANS: G PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 40. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: E REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 1. For additional practice, SHORT ANSWER 41. ANS: A new state must have its constitution approved by Congress. When Congress allows senators and representatives to take their seats, it is in effect ruling that the state has a republican form of government. The national government protects the states from foreign invasion and from domestic violence, including natural disasters. No territory that is part of an existing state may be used to create a new state. PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Pages s 98-99, and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 1. For additional practice, 42. ANS: The Constitution's "privileges and immunities" clause prohibits a state from discriminating against nonresidents within its borders. The clause requires a state to grant citizens of other states the same rights and protections that it provides to its own citizens. The requirement does not apply to state universities because these are supported by the state's taxpayers. Thus, nonresidents who attend these schools must pay higher fees than do residents of the state. PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 5

20 43. ANS: Answers will vary but students should realize that federal supremacy is vital to the cohesion and survival of the union. If each state was free to "go its own way" on controversial issues, the nation might gradually be pulled apart. PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 97 97, 44. ANS: Many problems that affect the entire nation are best dealt with on a national level. Compacts between two or more states to reduce pollution will have little effect on overall air or water quality if other states continue to allow pollution of the environment. In such cases, federal rather than state action is more effective. PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Pages s , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 45. ANS: Laws vary from state to state because social, political, and economic conditions are somewhat different in various parts of the country. The federal system encourages this legal diversity by allowing states to take responsibility for all aspects of government not denied to them or delegated to the national government. PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 4. For additional practice, 46. ANS: Answers will vary. Among the prohibitions students may cite are bans on states making treaties, coining money, or impairing contracts. Students should recognize that the lack of such bans might impair national unity or make it difficult for the nation to function smoothly. PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 98 98, 47. ANS: Federalism increases citizen participation in government by creating opportunities to have influence, vote, or hold office at local, state, and national levels. In addition, federalism makes government more responsive to the needs of minorities and other groups of citizens by enabling the national government to impose policies that local pressures might prevent states from enacting. PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Pages s , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Sections 3 and 4. For additional practice, 6

21 48. ANS: The "full faith and credit" clause requires states to recognize the legal processes of other states. For example, if a person gets married in one state, that marriage is valid in any other state in which he or she lives or travels. A person's car registration and driver's license remain valid outside the state where they are issued. The "privileges and immunities" clause requires that, with some exceptions, a state not treat nonresidents differently than residents. This means, for example, that a person in one state has the right to travel, live, marry, or own property in another state. PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Pages s , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 2. For additional practice, 49. ANS: Answers will vary but may include that this clause allows the powers of Congress to stretch in order to carry out the national government s implied powers. These powers allow the government to resolve issues that the Framers could not have foreseen. PTS: 1 DIF: A REF: Page 96 96, 50. ANS: Answers will vary. Federalist. Students may cite Hamilton s idea that states will be fairly represented in the national government. PTS: 1 DIF: C REF: Page , and in the Reading Essentials and Study Guide, Chapter 4, Section 3. For additional practice, 7

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