Obsolete Scandinavian Loanwords in English

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Obsolete Scandinavian Loanwords in English"

Transcription

1 Studies in English Medieval Language and Literature 26 Obsolete Scandinavian Loanwords in English Bearbeitet von Magdalena Bator 1. Auflage Buch. 264 S. Hardcover ISBN Format (B x L): 14,8 x 21 cm Gewicht: 440 g schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei Die Online-Fachbuchhandlung beck-shop.de ist spezialisiert auf Fachbücher, insbesondere Recht, Steuern und Wirtschaft. Im Sortiment finden Sie alle Medien (Bücher, Zeitschriften, CDs, ebooks, etc.) aller Verlage. Ergänzt wird das Programm durch Services wie Neuerscheinungsdienst oder Zusammenstellungen von Büchern zu Sonderpreisen. Der Shop führt mehr als 8 Millionen Produkte.

2

3 Chapter One Introduction 1.1. The aim of the work The earliest study of the Scandinavian loanwords in English, and one of the largest to have been published, is the two-volume dissertation by Björkman ( ). It was followed by such works as Serjeantson (1961; first published in 1935), and, recently, Dance (2003). These works offer an extensive list of words borrowed from Old Norse. However, they concentrate on the appearance and occurrences of the loans, ignoring the fact that a great number of loanwords became obsolete. Therefore, the aim of the present work is to analyse those Scandinavian loans which disappeared from the English language. This study offers a thorough analysis of the factors which contributed to the dying out of the loans in question. The time span which will be investigated is the period from the 15 th c. onwards. The time bracket chosen for the present research has been dictated by the fact that the 15 th c. has often been treated as a turning point in the history of the English language. As indicated by Schlauch (1959: 38), the 15 th c. is often labelled a period of transition. However, from the linguistic point of view, it is the period of an increase in the importance of the English language. By the 15 th c. the role of French had been reduced to a foreign language only. Additionally, at the same time, writing became more general, it was no longer restricted to monastic scriptoria, and a group of professional scribes arose, all of which factors contributed to the spread of literacy among laymen. In 1476 William Caxton introduced the first printing press in England. All this created the need to standardise the English language, which, at the time, was by no means homogenous. Once the written standard had been created and accepted, the dialectal varieties became restricted to the spoken language, and were used exclusively in everyday, informal speech. Additionally, Latin and French, which were used in such areas as law, administration, religion, education, etc., were no longer in use. The present study is to show to what extent the words borrowed chiefly after the Scandinavian invasions were replaced by their equivalents, both, of native and foreign origin, especially French An overview of the previous treatments of the subject The present section offers a survey of the previous studies devoted to the Scandinavian loanwords in English as well as the obsolescence of vocabulary. Here belongs an overview of the various approaches represented by scholars.

4 20 Chapter I Works on Scandinavian loanwords As mentioned at the beginning of the present chapter, the earliest and one of the most extensive studies concerned with the Scandinavian loanwords was Scandinavian loanwords in Middle English by Erik Björkman ( ). He concentrated on the loans present in the Middle English period and based his research mainly on the phonological investigation of the origin of the loans, proposing a number of tests which would allow to prove the etymology of a particular item. He organised his study according to the degree of probability of a word being borrowed from Scandinavian. Björkman ( ) not only offered an impressive list of loanwords from Old Norse together with their occurrences in English but also enriched his study with an account of the contact situation which contributed to the transfer of the Scandinavian vocabulary into English. His contribution was followed by Serjeantson s A history of foreign words in English, first published in She presents in the part devoted to the Scandinavian element in English, an impressive list of words which entered English in the Old and Middle English periods. Serjeantson not only ordered the investigated words according to the time of their occurrence but also with reference to the semantic fields they belonged to, and their provenance. More recently, such well worth mentioning works were published as Hug s Scandinavian loanwords and their equivalents in Middle English (1987), Townend s Language and history in Viking Age England (2002), Dance s Words derived from Old Norse in Early Middle English (2003), and Pons-Sanz s Old Norse (2007). Hug (1987) investigated the restructuring of the vocabulary stock of Scandinavian origin in the Middle English period. She chose three semantic fields, i.e., water, land and air, and analysed the occurrence of the Scandinavian words which belonged to these fields, together with their synonyms, as they appeared in a number of Old and Middle English texts and glossaries. Townend (2002) in his research investigates the Anglo-Norman contact situation. He compares the two languages and researches into the mutual intelligibility of the speakers of both languages. Townend (2002) based his study on linguistic, onomastic, literary and historical aspects. It is grounded on texts from Old English as well as Old Norse. A discussion of the Scandinavian element present in the South-West Midland texts has been offered by Dance (2003). His study has been divided into two parts. Part One plays an introductory role, it describes the historical background, introduces the source materials from which the corpus has been collected, and presents the phonological, morphological and semantic development of the loans. Part Two offers the full list of the words found in the South-West Midland texts which were accepted as derived from Old Norse. These items are discussed individually in an alphabetical order, which makes the study coherent, clearlyorganised and easy to access for reference purposes.

5 Introduction 21 In addition, one work covering the Old English period should be mentioned, i.e., Norse-derived vocabulary in Late Old English texts by Pons-Sanz (2007), who offers an investigation of Norse-derived legal and technical terms used by Wulfstan. Additionally, a number of papers revolving around the Norse element in the Old English period were published by Peters (1981a, 1981b). In the discussion of works concerned with Scandinavian loanwords, we cannot forget about studies devoted to the investigation of the rivalry of particular Scandinavian loanwords with their native equivalents, such as Rynell s The rivalry of Scandinavian and native synonyms in Middle English especially taken and nimen from 1948, followed by a paper by We na (2005) Nim or take? A competition between two high frequency verbs in Middle English ; and Ogura s study The syntactic and semantic rivalry of quoth, say and tell in Medieval English, published in The discussion of Scandinavian loanwords in English also resulted in a number of papers devoted to the geographical distribution of the loans. Here, such papers should be enumerated as M.L.Samuels The Great Scandinavian Belt (1985) and Moskowich-Spiegel Fandiño s (1996) Scandinavian loanwords during the Middle English period: geographical distribution Works on the obsolescence of words Surprisingly little has been written about the obsolescence of words. The earliest studies include those by Trench (1855) and Breal (1883). At the beginning of the 20 th c. the subject was studied by four German scholars, i.e., Hemken (1906), Offe (1908), Oberdörfer (1908) and Teichert (1912), who concentrated on the obsolescence of particular parts of speech. Hemken (1906) in his Das Aussterben alter Substantiva im Verlaufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte divides the reasons for obsolescence into (i) external or cultural, and (ii) internal or psycho-physical, under which he enumerates such factors as: competition with native synonyms; phonological changes resulting in homonymy; euphemisms; false associations, etc. Offe (1908) in his contribution Das Aussterben alter Verba und ihr Ersatz im Verlaufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte discusses the obsolescence of verbs. He describes the same factors of the disappearance of verbs as were suggested by Hemken s (1906) study of nouns. However, Offe (1908) divides them into intentional and subconscious factors. Similar classification has been presented by Oberdörfer (1908) in his investigation of Old English adjectives Das Aussterben alterenglischer Adjektive und ihr Ersatz im Verlaufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte. The last of the contributions Über das Aussterben alter Wörter im Verlaufe der englischen Sprachgeschichte by Teichert (1912) recognises cultural and linguistic conditions responsible for the dying out of words. The former includes foreign influence (Christianity, Scandinavian and French influence). The latter,

6 22 Chapter I according to Teichert (1912) consists of phonological, etymological, semasiologic conditions as well as euphemisms, phonetic changes and new-formations. The list can be enlarged by 2 papers concerned with the reasons for word loss, i.e., Dike (1933), and Visser (1949). Both papers discuss briefly factors such as: a. disappearance of words denoting customs, institutions and things which no longer exist b. homonymy c. polysemy d. influence of historical events e. rivalry of synonyms f. phonological changes g. euphemisms h. prestige A number of treatments revolving around the obsolescence of Scandinavian loanwords deal with the rivalry of synonyms. Such contributions should be mentioned as Rynell s The rivalry of Scandinavian and native synonyms in Middle English, especially taken and nimen, published in 1948, followed by a paper by We na (2005); and later two works by Ogura (1981, 2005), discussing the rivalry of quoth, say and tell and afeard and afraid, respectively. In addition, the work by Ikegami (1963) should be mentioned. It has been devoted to the disappearance of the word dight The corpus and data collecting 1 The material for this study comes from the Oxford English dictionary and the Middle English dictionary. In order to compile the corpus the MED was paged through in search for words of Scandinavian origin. Over 1500 items were found. Next, the OED was confronted to select those of the items which went out of use in the 15 th c. or later. Almost 300 lexemes were collected, which formed the corpus for the present research. The word list was subsequently arranged into semantic fields to make the work coherent and well-organised. Unfortunately, the collecting of data such as this one, i.e., dictionary-based, is beset with a host of problems, which make it impossible to regard the resultant inventory of loanwords as an all-inclusive collection of a finite character. Most importantly, the process of selecting data from dictionaries is fraught with difficulties arising from the limited information concerning a particular loan. 1 For the sake of ready access to all the loanwords analysed in the present work, the whole corpus with the number of section in which each word is discussed has been appended together.

Lean Innovation. A Fast Path from Knowledge to Value. Bearbeitet von Claus Sehested, Henrik Sonnenberg

Lean Innovation. A Fast Path from Knowledge to Value. Bearbeitet von Claus Sehested, Henrik Sonnenberg Lean Innovation A Fast Path from Knowledge to Value Bearbeitet von Claus Sehested, Henrik Sonnenberg 1st Edition. 2010. Buch. x, 192 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 15894 0 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht:

More information

The Software Industry

The Software Industry The Software Industry Economic Principles, Strategies, Perspectives Bearbeitet von Peter Buxmann, Heiner Diefenbach, Thomas Hess 1. Auflage 2012. Buch. XII, 223 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 31509 1 Format

More information

Internet of Things. Legal Perspectives. Bearbeitet von Rolf H Weber, Romana Weber

Internet of Things. Legal Perspectives. Bearbeitet von Rolf H Weber, Romana Weber Internet of Things Legal Perspectives Bearbeitet von Rolf H Weber, Romana Weber 1. Auflage 2010. Buch. xxiv, 135 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 11709 1 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht: 910 g Recht

More information

Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages

Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages Bearbeitet von Christian Schalles 1. Auflage 2012. Taschenbuch. XXIII, 183 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 658 00050 9 Format (B x L): 0 x 0 cm Gewicht: 275 g Weitere

More information

A History of the «Concise Oxford Dictionary»

A History of the «Concise Oxford Dictionary» Lodz Studies in Language 34 A History of the «Concise Oxford Dictionary» Bearbeitet von Malgorzata Kaminska 1. Auflage 2014. Buch. 342 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 631 65268 8 Format (B x L): 14,8 x 21 cm Gewicht:

More information

Mathematical Risk Analysis

Mathematical Risk Analysis Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering Mathematical Risk Analysis Dependence, Risk Bounds, Optimal Allocations and Portfolios Bearbeitet von Ludger Rüschendorf 1. Auflage 2013.

More information

Information Sharing and Data Protection in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Information Sharing and Data Protection in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Information Sharing and Data Protection in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Towards Harmonised Data Protection Principles for Information Exchange at EU-level Bearbeitet von Franziska Boehm 1.

More information

Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67. Cardinal Numerals. Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden

Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67. Cardinal Numerals. Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67 Cardinal Numerals Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden 1. Auflage 2010. Buch. XIII, 342 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 11

More information

Dynamic Pricing and Automated Resource Allocation for Complex Information Services

Dynamic Pricing and Automated Resource Allocation for Complex Information Services Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 589 Dynamic Pricing and Automated Resource Allocation for Complex Information Services Reinforcement Learning and Combinatorial Auctions Bearbeitet von

More information

Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy

Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy An International Perspective Bearbeitet von Sergio Destefanis, Marco Musella 1. Auflage 2009. Buch. xiv, 262 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 7908 2136 9 Format (B x

More information

Supply Chain and Logistics in National, International and Governmental Environment

Supply Chain and Logistics in National, International and Governmental Environment Contributions to Management Science Supply Chain and Logistics in National, International and Governmental Environment Concepts and Models Bearbeitet von Reza Zanjirani Farahani, Nasrin Asgari, Hoda Davarzani

More information

Vector fields on Singular Varieties

Vector fields on Singular Varieties Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1987 Vector fields on Singular Varieties Bearbeitet von Jean-Paul Brasselet, José Seade, Tatsuo Suwa 1. Auflage 2009. Taschenbuch. xx, 232 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 642 05204

More information

Biophysical Therapy of Allergies

Biophysical Therapy of Allergies Biophysical Therapy of Allergies Bearbeitet von Peter Schumacher. Auflage 0. Buch. 0 S. ISBN Format (B x L):, x cm Weitere Fachgebiete > Medizin > Klinische und Innere Medizin > Allergologie schnell und

More information

Project Management. Guideline for the management of projects, project portfolios, programs and project-oriented companies

Project Management. Guideline for the management of projects, project portfolios, programs and project-oriented companies Project Management Guideline for the management of projects, project portfolios, programs and project-oriented companies Bearbeitet von Gerold Patzak, Günter Rattay 1. Auflage 2011 2011. Buch. 512 S. Hardcover

More information

Early Christianity in the Context of Antiquity 13. Recasting Moses

Early Christianity in the Context of Antiquity 13. Recasting Moses Early Christianity in the Context of Antiquity 13 Recasting Moses The Memory of Moses in Biographical and Autobiographical Narratives in Ancient Judaism and 4th-Century Christianity Bearbeitet von Finn

More information

Business Process Technology

Business Process Technology Business Process Technology A Unified View on Business Processes, Workflows and Enterprise Applications Bearbeitet von Dirk Draheim, Colin Atkinson 1. Auflage 2010. Buch. xvii, 306 S. Hardcover ISBN 978

More information

Theatre as a Prison of Longue Durée

Theatre as a Prison of Longue Durée Theatre as a Prison of Longue Durée Bearbeitet von Henk Gras, Bennie Pratasik, Harry van Vliet, Philip Hans Franses 1. Auflage 2011. Buch. 251 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 631 61635 2 Format (B x L): 14 x 21

More information

Groups of Prime Power Order

Groups of Prime Power Order de Gruyter Expositions in Mathematics 56 Groups of Prime Power Order Volume 3 Bearbeitet von Yakov Berkovich, Zvonimir Janko 1. Auflage 2011. Buch. XXV, 639 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 11 020717 0 Format (B

More information

Modern TRIZ. A Practical Course with EASyTRIZ Technology. Bearbeitet von Michael A. Orloff

Modern TRIZ. A Practical Course with EASyTRIZ Technology. Bearbeitet von Michael A. Orloff Modern TRIZ A Practical Course with EASyTRIZ Technology Bearbeitet von Michael A. Orloff 1. Auflage 2012. Taschenbuch. xvi, 449 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 642 25217 4 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht:

More information

Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments

Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments Bearbeitet von Bebo White, Irwin King, Philip Tsang 1. Auflage 2011. Buch. XVIII, 435 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 20391 6 Format (B x L): 15,5

More information

Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2012

Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2012 Trends and Issues in Global Tourism Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2012 Bearbeitet von Roland Conrady, Martin Buck 1. Auflage 2012. Buch. XXII, 276 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 27403 9 Format (B x

More information

Low Power and Reliable SRAM Memory Cell and Array Design

Low Power and Reliable SRAM Memory Cell and Array Design Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics 31 Low Power and Reliable SRAM Memory Cell and Array Design Bearbeitet von Koichiro Ishibashi, Kenichi Osada 1. Auflage 2011. Buch. XI, 143 S. Hardcover ISBN

More information

Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management

Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management Bearbeitet von Alain Bernard, Serge Tichkiewitch 1. Auflage 2008. Buch. X, 586 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 78430 2 Format (B x L): 15,5 x

More information

Adaptive Business Intelligence

Adaptive Business Intelligence Adaptive Business Intelligence Bearbeitet von Zbigniew Michalewicz, Martin Schmidt, Matthew Michalewicz, Constantin Chiriac 1. Auflage 2006. Buch. xiii, 246 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 32928 2 Format (B

More information

International Compliance

International Compliance International Compliance Legal Requirements of Business Organisation in over 30 Countries Bearbeitet von Dr. Konstantin Busekist 1. Auflage 2016. Buch. Rund 800 S. In Leinen ISBN 978 3 406 66859 3 Format

More information

Analytically Tractable Stochastic Stock Price Models

Analytically Tractable Stochastic Stock Price Models Springer Finance Analytically Tractable Stochastic Stock Price Models Bearbeitet von Archil Gulisashvili 1. Auflage 2012. Buch. XVII, 359 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 31213 7 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5

More information

High-Performance Logistics

High-Performance Logistics Operations and Technology Management 12 High-Performance Logistics Methods and Technologies Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten, Prof. Dr. habil. Matthias Meyer, Dr.-Ing.

More information

Complexity Management in Supply Chains

Complexity Management in Supply Chains Operations and Technology Management 02 Complexity Management in Supply Chains Concepts, Tools and Methods Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten, Nizar Abdelkafi, Alexander

More information

High-Dynamic-Range (HDR) Vision

High-Dynamic-Range (HDR) Vision Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics 26 High-Dynamic-Range (HDR) Vision Microelectronics, Image Processing, Computer Graphics Bearbeitet von Bernd Hoefflinger 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. xvi, 241 S.

More information

Studia Graeco-Parthica

Studia Graeco-Parthica Philippika 49 Studia Graeco-Parthica Political and Cultural Relations between Greeks and Parthians Bearbeitet von Edward Dabrowa 1. Auflage 2011. Taschenbuch. 196 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 447 06585 6 Format

More information

Restriction Endonucleases

Restriction Endonucleases Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology 14 Restriction Endonucleases Bearbeitet von Alfred Pingoud 1. Auflage 2004. Buch. xxvi, 443 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 20502 9 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht:

More information

Approaches to Intelligent Agents

Approaches to Intelligent Agents Lecture Notes in Computer Science / Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1733 Approaches to Intelligent Agents Second Pacific Rim International Workshop on Multi-Agents, PRIMA'99, Kyoto, Japan, December

More information

From Revolution to Migration

From Revolution to Migration Hispanic Studies: Culture and Ideas 8 From Revolution to Migration A Study of Contemporary Cuban and Cuban American Crime Fiction Bearbeitet von Helen Oakley 1. Auflage 2012. Taschenbuch. XIV, 186 S. Paperback

More information

Scaling Limits in Statistical Mechanics and Microstructures in Continuum Mechanics

Scaling Limits in Statistical Mechanics and Microstructures in Continuum Mechanics Theoretical and Mathematical Physics Scaling Limits in Statistical Mechanics and Microstructures in Continuum Mechanics Bearbeitet von Errico Presutti 1. Auflage 2008. Buch. xvi, 470 S. Hardcover ISBN

More information

Ethical Theory and Responsibility Ethics

Ethical Theory and Responsibility Ethics Internationale Theologie / International Theology 15 Ethical Theory and Responsibility Ethics A Metaethical Study of Niebuhr and Levinas Bearbeitet von Kevin Jung 1. Auflage 2011. Buch. 238 S. Hardcover

More information

Active Volcanoes of the World. Teide Volcano. Geology and Eruptions of a Highly Differentiated Oceanic Stratovolcano

Active Volcanoes of the World. Teide Volcano. Geology and Eruptions of a Highly Differentiated Oceanic Stratovolcano Active Volcanoes of the World Teide Volcano Geology and Eruptions of a Highly Differentiated Oceanic Stratovolcano Bearbeitet von Juan Carlos Carracedo, Valentin R. Troll 1. Auflage 2013. Buch. xiv, 279

More information

Translation in an international perspective

Translation in an international perspective Translation in an international perspective Cultural Interaction and Disciplinary Transformation Bearbeitet von Rainier Lanselle, Antoine Cazé 1. Auflage 2015. Taschenbuch. 390 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3

More information

Principles of European Law. Lease of Goods

Principles of European Law. Lease of Goods Principles of European Law Lease of Goods Bearbeitet von Kare Lilleholt, Anders Victorin, Andreas Fötschl, Berte E Konow, Andreas Meidell, Amund Bjoranger Torum 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. XXXVIII, 367 S. Hardcover

More information

Handbook of Social Media Management

Handbook of Social Media Management Media Business and Innovation Handbook of Social Media Management Value Chain and Business Models in Changing Media Markets Bearbeitet von Mike Friedrichsen, Wolfgang Mühl-Benninghaus 1. Auflage 2013 2013.

More information

Aspectual Prefixes in Early English

Aspectual Prefixes in Early English Studies in English Medieval Language and Literature 43 Aspectual Prefixes in Early English Bearbeitet von Vlatko Broz 1. Auflage 2014. Buch. XII, 193 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 631 64529 1 Format (B x L):

More information

Supply Chain Performance Management

Supply Chain Performance Management Operations and Technology Management 11 Supply Chain Performance Management Current Approaches Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten, Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. habil. Matthias Meyer, Adel

More information

Legal Aspects of an E-Commerce Transaction

Legal Aspects of an E-Commerce Transaction Legal Aspects of an E-Commerce Transaction International Conference in The Hague, 26 and 27 October 2004 Bearbeitet von Mads B Andersen, Sarah Andrews, Michael J Bonell, William Craig, Jose A Estrella

More information

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1547. Graph Drawing. 6th International Symposium, GD '98 Montreal, Canada, August 13-15, 1998 Proceedings

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1547. Graph Drawing. 6th International Symposium, GD '98 Montreal, Canada, August 13-15, 1998 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1547 Graph Drawing 6th International Symposium, GD '98 Montreal, Canada, August 13-15, 1998 Proceedings Bearbeitet von Sue H Whitesides 1. Auflage 1999. Taschenbuch. xii,

More information

Yearbook of Private International Law

Yearbook of Private International Law Yearbook of Private International Law Volume II (2000) Bearbeitet von Eric Clive, Rui M Moura Ramos, William Duncan, Peter Nygh, Robert G. Spector, Tito Ballarino, Andrea Bonomi, António Marques dos Santos,

More information

Principles of European Law. Personal Security. Bearbeitet von Ulrich Drobnig

Principles of European Law. Personal Security. Bearbeitet von Ulrich Drobnig Principles of European Law Personal Security Bearbeitet von Ulrich Drobnig 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. XXXII, 567 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 935808 42 2 Format (B x L): 16,5 x 24,5 cm Gewicht: 1028 g Recht > Zivilrecht

More information

Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems

Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems Studies in Computational Intelligence 47 Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems Bearbeitet von S Sumathi, S Esakkirajan 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. xxvii, 776 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 48397

More information

Trust in Mobile Payment Services

Trust in Mobile Payment Services Trust in Mobile Payment Services On the role of trust in regard to the construction and communication of a mobile payment service Bearbeitet von Andrea Bauer 1. Auflage 2013. Buch. 136 S. Hardcover ISBN

More information

Advanced Data Warehouse Design

Advanced Data Warehouse Design Data-Centric Systems and Applications Advanced Data Warehouse Design From Conventional to Spatial and Temporal Applications Bearbeitet von Elzbieta Malinowski, Esteban Zimányi 1st ed. 2008. Corr. 2nd printing

More information

EPLAN Electric P8 Reference Handbook

EPLAN Electric P8 Reference Handbook EPLAN Electric P8 Reference Handbook Bearbeitet von Bernd Gischel 2. Auflage 2011. Taschenbuch. 552 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 446 42674 0 Format (B x L): 19,2 x 23,1 cm Gewicht: 1262 g Zu Inhaltsverzeichnis

More information

Biophysical Therapy of Allergies

Biophysical Therapy of Allergies Biophysical Therapy of Allergies Bearbeitet von Peter Schumacher. Auflage 0. Buch. 0 S. ISBN Format (B x L):, x cm Weitere Fachgebiete > Medizin > Klinische und Innere Medizin > Allergologie schnell und

More information

Key Factors for Successful Logistics

Key Factors for Successful Logistics Operations and Technology Management 05 Key Factors for Successful Logistics Services, Transportation Concepts, IT and Management Tools Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten,

More information

Notfall Ratgeber-Giftpflanzen und Pferde

Notfall Ratgeber-Giftpflanzen und Pferde Notfall Ratgeber-Giftpflanzen und Pferde Erkennen - Bestimmen - Vorbeugen - Helfen Bearbeitet von Beatrice Dülffer-Schneitzer 1. Auflage 2005. Taschenbuch. 198 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 88542 464 2 Format

More information

Modeling and Using Context

Modeling and Using Context Lecture Notes in Computer Science / Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 2116 Modeling and Using Context Third International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT, 2001, Dundee, UK, July 27-30,

More information

Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification

Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification Bearbeitet von János Abonyi, Balázs Feil 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. xviii, 306 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 7643 7987 2 Format (B x L): 21 x 29,7 cm Gewicht:

More information

Content and Language Integrated Learning by Interaction

Content and Language Integrated Learning by Interaction Fremdsprachendidaktik inhalts- und lernerorientiert / Foreign Language Pedagogy - content- and learneroriented 26 Content and Language Integrated Learning by Interaction Bearbeitet von Carmen Becker, Rita

More information

Agent Mediated Electronic Commerce

Agent Mediated Electronic Commerce Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1571 Agent Mediated Electronic Commerce First International Workshop on Agent Mediated Electronic Trading, AMET'98, Minneapolis, MN, USA, May 10th, 1998 Selected Papers

More information

Computer Performance Evaluation. Modelling Techniques and Tools

Computer Performance Evaluation. Modelling Techniques and Tools Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1786 Computer Performance Evaluation. Modelling Techniques and Tools 11th International Conference, TOOLS 2000 Schaumburg, IL, USA, March 25-31, 2000 Proceedings Bearbeitet

More information

Yearbook of Private International Law

Yearbook of Private International Law Yearbook of Private International Law Volume I (1999). Edited by Petar Sarcevic, Paul Volken and The Swiss Institute of Comparative Law Bearbeitet von Maarit Jänterä-Jareborg, Petar Sarcevic, Hans Ulrich

More information

Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy

Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy The Life and Science of Ernst Mayr 1904-2005 Bearbeitet von Jürgen Haffer 1. Auflage 2007. Taschenbuch. X, 474 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 540 71778 2 Format (B x L):

More information

Management in Logistics Networks and Nodes

Management in Logistics Networks and Nodes Operations and Technology Management 08 Management in Logistics Networks and Nodes Concepts, Technology and Applications Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten, Prof. Dr.

More information

In Search of Processes of Language Use in Foreign Language Didactics

In Search of Processes of Language Use in Foreign Language Didactics Polish Studies in English Language and Literature 37 In Search of Processes of Language Use in Foreign Language Didactics Bearbeitet von Maria Dakowska 1. Auflage 2015. Buch. 370 S. Hardcover ISBN 978

More information

Leonardo Sciascia s French Authors

Leonardo Sciascia s French Authors European Connections 29 Leonardo Sciascia s French Authors Bearbeitet von Ian Morrison 1. Auflage 2009. Taschenbuch. VIII, 171 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 03911 911 0 Format (B x L): 15 x 22 cm Gewicht: 280

More information

Biosensors for the Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems

Biosensors for the Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry 5 / 5J Biosensors for the Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems Bioanalytical and Chemical Methods for Endocrine Disruptors Bearbeitet von Damià Barceló, Peter-Dietrich

More information

Software Measurement

Software Measurement Software Measurement Establish - Extract - Evaluate - Execute Bearbeitet von Christof Ebert, Reiner Dumke 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. XI, 561 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 71648 8 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5

More information

Process Management. A Guide for the Design of Business Processes. Bearbeitet von Jörg Becker, Martin Kugeler, Michael Rosemann

Process Management. A Guide for the Design of Business Processes. Bearbeitet von Jörg Becker, Martin Kugeler, Michael Rosemann Process Management A Guide for the Design of Business Processes Bearbeitet von Jörg Becker, Martin Kugeler, Michael Rosemann 2nd ed. 2011. Buch. xxviii, 596 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 642 15189 7 Format (B

More information

Information Security and Privacy

Information Security and Privacy Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2384 Information Security and Privacy 7th Australian Conference, ACISP 2002 Melbourne, Australia, July 3-5, 2002 Proceedings Bearbeitet von Lynn Batten, Jennifer Seberry

More information

Global Logistics Management

Global Logistics Management Operations and Technology Management 09 Global Logistics Management Sustainability, Quality, Risks Bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten, Prof. Dr. Thorsten Blecker, Prof. Dr. Heike Flämig, Dr. Hatem

More information

Services Management in Intelligent Networks

Services Management in Intelligent Networks Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1960 Services Management in Intelligent Networks 11th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2000 Austin, TX, USA, December

More information

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2240. Mobile Agents. 5th International Conference, MA 2001 Atlanta, GA, USA, December 2-4, 2001 Proceedings

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2240. Mobile Agents. 5th International Conference, MA 2001 Atlanta, GA, USA, December 2-4, 2001 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2240 Mobile Agents 5th International Conference, MA 2001 Atlanta, GA, USA, December 2-4, 2001 Proceedings Bearbeitet von Gian P Picco 1. Auflage 2001. Taschenbuch. xii,

More information

Nanoscale Spectroscopy and Its Applications to Semiconductor Research

Nanoscale Spectroscopy and Its Applications to Semiconductor Research Lecture Notes in Physics 588 Nanoscale Spectroscopy and Its Applications to Semiconductor Research Bearbeitet von Y Watanabe, S Heun, G Salviati, N Yamamoto 1. Auflage 2002. Buch. XV, 308 S. Hardcover

More information

Database and Expert Systems Applications

Database and Expert Systems Applications Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1677 Database and Expert Systems Applications Bearbeitet von Trevor Bench-Capon, Giovanni Soda, Min A Tjoa 1. Auflage 1999. Taschenbuch. xxxvi, 1110 S. Paperback ISBN

More information

Neoliberal Developments in Higher Education

Neoliberal Developments in Higher Education Neoliberal Developments in Higher Education The United Kingdom and Germany Bearbeitet von Rosalind M. O. Pritchard 1. Auflage 2011. Taschenbuch. XVI, 329 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 0343 0715 4 Format (B x

More information

From Simple Verbs to Periphrastic Expressions

From Simple Verbs to Periphrastic Expressions Linguistic Insights 81 From Simple Verbs to Periphrastic Expressions The Historical Development of Composite Predicates, Phrasal Verbs, and Related Constructions in English Bearbeitet von Meiko Matsumoto

More information

schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei

schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei Yearbook of Private International Law 13 Yearbook of Private International Law Volume XIII (2011) Bearbeitet von Petar Sarcevic, Andrea Bonomi, Paul Volken, Gian Paolo Romano 1. Auflage 2012. Buch. XIV,

More information

Multiple Criteria Decision Making for Sustainable Energy and Transportation Systems

Multiple Criteria Decision Making for Sustainable Energy and Transportation Systems Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 634 Multiple Criteria Decision Making for Sustainable Energy and Transportation Systems Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Multiple

More information

Intellectual Communities and Partnerships in Italy and Europe

Intellectual Communities and Partnerships in Italy and Europe Intellectual Communities and Partnerships in Italy and Europe Studies in Honour of Mark Davie Bearbeitet von Danielle Hipkins 1. Auflage 2012. Taschenbuch. XXIII, 182 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 0343 0172

More information

schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei

schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei Yearbook of Private International Law Yearbook of Private International Law Volume VI (2004) Bearbeitet von Jürgen Basedow, Jan von Hein, Dorothee Janzen, Hans J Puttfarken, François Dessemontet, Tito

More information

Writing Scientific English

Writing Scientific English Writing Scientific English A Workbook Bearbeitet von Tim Skern unveränderter Nachdruck der 1. Auflage 2009 2011. Taschenbuch. 191 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 8252 3112 5 Gewicht: 377 g Zu Leseprobe schnell

More information

Modern Business Process Automation

Modern Business Process Automation Modern Business Process Automation YAWL and its Support Environment Bearbeitet von Arthur H. M. ter Hofstede, Wil van der Aalst, Michael Adams, Nick Russell 1. Auflage 2009. Buch. xviii, 676 S. Hardcover

More information

Russian Culture in Europe 7. Paraboly. Studies in Russian Modernist Literature and Culture. In Honor of John E. Malmstad

Russian Culture in Europe 7. Paraboly. Studies in Russian Modernist Literature and Culture. In Honor of John E. Malmstad Russian Culture in Europe 7 Paraboly Studies in Russian Modernist Literature and Culture. In Honor of John E. Malmstad Bearbeitet von Nikolay Bogomolov, Fedor Poljakov, Aleksandr Lavrov, Lazar Fleishman

More information

Historical Linguistics. Diachronic Analysis. Two Approaches to the Study of Language. Kinds of Language Change. What is Historical Linguistics?

Historical Linguistics. Diachronic Analysis. Two Approaches to the Study of Language. Kinds of Language Change. What is Historical Linguistics? Historical Linguistics Diachronic Analysis What is Historical Linguistics? Historical linguistics is the study of how languages change over time and of their relationships with other languages. All languages

More information

Multimedia Applications, Services and Techniques - ECMAST'99

Multimedia Applications, Services and Techniques - ECMAST'99 Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1629 Multimedia Applications, Services and Techniques - ECMAST'99 4th European Conference, Madrid, Spain, May 26-28, 1999, Proceedings Bearbeitet von Helmut Leopold, Narciso

More information

Handbook on Business Process Management 2

Handbook on Business Process Management 2 International Handbooks on Information Systems Handbook on Business Process Management 2 Strategic Alignment, Governance, People and Culture Bearbeitet von Jan vom Brocke, Michael Rosemann 1st Edition.

More information

Modern Business Process Automation

Modern Business Process Automation Modern Business Process Automation YAWL and its Support Environment Bearbeitet von Arthur H. M. ter Hofstede, Wil van der Aalst, Michael Adams, Nick Russell 1. Auflage 2009. Buch. xviii, 676 S. Hardcover

More information

Yearbook of Private International Law

Yearbook of Private International Law Yearbook of Private International Law Volume V (2003) Bearbeitet von Petar Sarcevic, Paul Volken, The Swiss Institute of Comparative Law, Andrea Bonomi, Swiss Institute of Comparative Law 1. Auflage 2004.

More information

Experimental and Theoretical Advances in Fluid Dynamics

Experimental and Theoretical Advances in Fluid Dynamics Environmental Science and Engineering Experimental and Theoretical Advances in Fluid Dynamics Bearbeitet von Jaime Klapp, Anne Cros, Oscar Velasco Fuentes, Catalina Stern, Mario Alberto Rodriguez Meza

More information

Algal Chemical Ecology

Algal Chemical Ecology Algal Chemical Ecology Bearbeitet von Charles D Amsler 1. Auflage 2007. Buch. xviii, 313 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540 74180 0 Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht: 1430 g Weitere Fachgebiete > Chemie,

More information

Handbook on Decision Support Systems 2

Handbook on Decision Support Systems 2 International Handbooks on Information Systems Handbook on Decision Support Systems 2 Variations Bearbeitet von Frada Burstein, Clyde Holsapple 1. Auflage 2008. Buch. LIV, 800 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 540

More information

Arrangements, Local Systems and Singularities

Arrangements, Local Systems and Singularities Progress in Mathematics 283 Arrangements, Local Systems and Singularities CIMPA Summer School,, Istanbul, 2007 Bearbeitet von Fouad El Zein, Alexander I Suciu, Meral Tosun, Muhammed Uludag, Sergey Yuzvinsky

More information

Muhammad and the Formation of Sacrifice

Muhammad and the Formation of Sacrifice Europäische Hochschulschriften / European University Studies / Publications Universitaires Européennes 944 Muhammad and the Formation of Sacrifice Bearbeitet von Gerd Marie Adna 1. Auflage 2014. Taschenbuch.

More information

Reference Books. (1) English-English Dictionaries. Fiona Ross FindYourFeet.de

Reference Books. (1) English-English Dictionaries. Fiona Ross FindYourFeet.de Reference Books This handout originated many years ago in response to requests from students, most of them at Konstanz University. Students from many different departments asked me for advice on dictionaries,

More information

The Dictionary of the Common Modern Greek Language is being compiled 1 under

The Dictionary of the Common Modern Greek Language is being compiled 1 under THE DICTIONARY OF THE COMMON MODERN GREEK LANGUAGE OF THE INSTITUTE OF MODERN GREEK STUDIES (MANOLIS TRIANDAFYLLIDIS FOUNDATION) OF THE ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI ANASTASSIA TZIVANOPOULOU Aristotle

More information

Global Trade Law. von Ulrich Magnus. 1. Auflage. Global Trade Law Magnus schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei beck-shop.de DIE FACHBUCHHANDLUNG

Global Trade Law. von Ulrich Magnus. 1. Auflage. Global Trade Law Magnus schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei beck-shop.de DIE FACHBUCHHANDLUNG Global Trade Law International Business Law of the United Nations and UNIDROIT. Collection of UNCITRAL's and UNIDROIT's Conventions, Model Acts, Guides and Principles von Ulrich Magnus 1. Auflage Global

More information

Head and Neck Trauma

Head and Neck Trauma Head and Neck Trauma An Interdisciplinary Approach Bearbeitet von Rainer Ottis Seidl, Michael Herzog, Arneborg Ernst 1. Auflage 2006. Buch. 240 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 13 140001 7 Format (B x L): 19,5

More information

Comparative Analysis on the Armenian and Korean Languages

Comparative Analysis on the Armenian and Korean Languages Comparative Analysis on the Armenian and Korean Languages Syuzanna Mejlumyan Yerevan State Linguistic University Abstract It has been five years since the Korean language has been taught at Yerevan State

More information

Lecture Notes in Physics Monographs 69. Laser-Strophometry. High-Resolution Techniques for Velocity Gradient Measurements in Fluid Flows

Lecture Notes in Physics Monographs 69. Laser-Strophometry. High-Resolution Techniques for Velocity Gradient Measurements in Fluid Flows Lecture Notes in Physics Monographs 69 Laser-Strophometry High-Resolution Techniques for Velocity Gradient Measurements in Fluid Flows Bearbeitet von Wilfried Staude 1. Auflage 2001. Buch. xv, 180 S. Hardcover

More information

Applied Parallel Computing. New Paradigms for HPC in Industry and Academia

Applied Parallel Computing. New Paradigms for HPC in Industry and Academia Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1947 Applied Parallel Computing. New Paradigms for HPC in Industry and Academia 5th International Workshop, PARA 2000 Bergen, Norway, June 18-20, 2000 Proceedings Bearbeitet

More information

Ekaterina Timofeeva TOWARDS LOCALIZATION OF ANGLICISMS: A data-driven analysis of anglicisms on the Best Western Italia website

Ekaterina Timofeeva TOWARDS LOCALIZATION OF ANGLICISMS: A data-driven analysis of anglicisms on the Best Western Italia website 2 HUMANISTINEN TIEDEKUNTA KIELTEN LAITOS Ekaterina Timofeeva TOWARDS LOCALIZATION OF ANGLICISMS: A data-driven analysis of anglicisms on the Best Western Italia website Pro gradu -tutkielma Englannin kieli

More information

PROGRESS MONITORING CHECKLIST FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS (ELL)

PROGRESS MONITORING CHECKLIST FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS (ELL) LISTENING Standard : Students demonstrate competence in listening as a tool for learning and comprehension. Proficiency Level I: Students at this level are beginning to understand short utterances. They

More information

Identity and Access Management

Identity and Access Management Identity and Access Management Global Technology Audit Guide (GTAG) 9 von,,,, 1. Auflage Identity and Access Management White / Renshaw / Rai / et al. schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei beck-shop.de

More information