Dinosaurs EXPLORE THEIR MYSTERIES

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Dinosaurs EXPLORE THEIR MYSTERIES"

Transcription

1 Dinosaurs EXPLORE THEIR MYSTERIES Dinosaurs are among the most mysterious and captivating animals ever to live on Earth. Experience the ways our scientists have assembled answers to many fascinating questions about their lives and their world. What are dinosaurs? Large and small, ferocious and mild, lumbering and quick, dinosaurs first appeared more than 230 million years ago. These astonishing reptiles lived on land and would eventually conquer the air. How do we study dinosaurs? We ve learned most of what we know about dinosaurs from their fossils. Scientists use a wide range of techniques to find, collect, analyze, and interpret fossils. The results lead to new discoveries and an ever-clearer picture of what dinosaurs looked like and how and where they lived. The Museum s Dinosaur Institute is dedicated to advancing our understanding of dinosaurs.

2 What can we learn from fossils? Very few plants and animals leave fossils when they die. But under the right conditions, bones, teeth, eggs, skin impressions and footprints become fossils. These rocky remains give us the only direct evidence of dinosaurs and other ancient life. They tell us what dinosaurs ate, how they lived and what the world they lived in was like. Immense in size and bizarre in appearance, dinosaurs are wrapped in mystery and lost in time. We piece together clues we find in dinosaur fossils to bring these puzzling animals to life.

3 One Triceratops built from four Look at this skeleton. It may seem like the bones all came from one animal, but they didn t. We rarely find complete dinosaurs. Instead, we have to mix and match bones from several specimens to build a skeleton like this. So while you see one Triceratops here, it includes bones from four different animals collected by Museum scientists from several locations.

4 How diverse were dinosaurs? One mark of evolutionary success for all forms of life is how diverse and varied a group becomes. Studies of their fossils and their living relatives have shown that dinosaurs were and still are surprisingly diverse in size, diet, appearance, and lifestyle. That makes them one of the most successful groups of large animals ever to walk the Earth. Dinosaurs large and small Dinosaurs include the largest animals ever to walk the Earth. Some, like the Mamenchisaurus pictured above, grew more than 70 feet long and could weigh many tons. But not all were giants, Fruitadens, one of smallest known species, grew to just over 2 feet long and tipped the scales at less than 2 pounds.

5 Herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores Many dinosaurs, including Lambeosaurus, were herbivores that ate only plants. Others, like the infamous Tyrannosaurs, were carnivores that preyed on other animals. Still others were omnivores that ate a more varied diet. Scientists believe that Fruitadens, for example, ate plants as well as bugs and some small animals. Two legs or four? We once thought all dinosaurs plodded along on all fours. Some, like Brachiosaurus, did walk in that way. But we now know that others, like the Thescelosaurus, walked on two legs, a posture that allowed them to move more swiftly. And some likely switched between the two postures.

6 What was their world like? If you went back to the Age of Dinosaurs, you d find an unfamiliar scene. The climate was warmer, and the continents were locked together as one. You d see reptiles flying in the air and swimming in the seas. And on land, you d find dinosaurs in an incredible variety of shapes and sizes. What lived in the ancient oceans? While dinosaurs walked the land during the Mesozoic, the warm oceans teemed with a variety of other animals, including huge sharks, toothed birds, and the largest-ever bony fish and turtles. Some groups, including giant marine reptiles and ammonites, have gone extinct. But many others still live today.

7 Life in the Western Interior Seaway Around 85 million years ago, a large inland sea known as the Western Interior Seaway split what is now North America in two. How do we know that diverse prehistoric life inhabited these warm waters? Much like investigating Mesozoic life on land, we gather information from fossils in rocks laid down on the seafloor millions of years ago. Polycotylus latippinus Unlike dinosaurs, plesiosaurs gave birth to live young, which indicates that they lived entirely in the water, never venturing onto land. The specimen on the wall shows that plesiosaurs gave birth to a single large baby. If this baby has been born, it would have been close to 40 percent the size of its mother which is very unusual in reptiles.

8 What were they like? Today we know dinosaurs only from fossils. But these old bones and bits of skin once belonged to living, breathing animals. They hunted for food and fled from danger. They sought mates and cared for their young. They suffered diseases and injuries. They faced life s challenges just as we do today. Meet Thomas the T. rex Thomas, the largest T. rex on this platform, is one of the 10 most complete T. rex specimens ever found. Fewer than 50 partially complete skeletons have been discovered and four of them are right here at the Natural History Museum! So far, there is no way to tell if Thomas was male or female. So why Thomas? In 2003, high school teacher Robert Curry discovered T. rex fossils poking out of the ground in a remote part of Montana. He named the animal after his brother Thomas, who had shared his love for fossil-hunting ever since they were young boys.

9 Different species or different ages? This scene shows three T. rex individuals of different ages gathered around the partial carcass of a duck-billed dinosaur. Based on differences in the shape and proportions of their bones, some scientists once thought these were three separate species. It wasn t until we studied their bone tissue that we realized they were different life stages of probably just one species. Tyrannosaurus rex The largest specimen, nicknamed Thomas, is one of the most complete T. rex skeletons found so far. It was around 17 years old when it died, which means it wasn t yet fully grown. The smallest specimen, thought to be only 2 years old when it died, this is the youngest T. rex specimen found to date. We don t know for sure, but scientists think that Tyrannosaurus young may have been feathered. Remains of a juvenile T. rex are rate. This third specimen juvenile was around 14 years old when it died. It s unclear what size prey juveniles could kill; the answer depends in part on whether they hunted alone or in groups.

10 Changes over time Scientists divide the long history of the Earth into units based on changes in ancient life over time. Different groups of dinosaurs shared their world with many other reptiles in each of the three periods of the Mesozoic Era, also known as the Age of Dinosaurs. These were the Triassic (251 to 200 million years ago), the Jurassic (200 to 145 million years ago), and the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Triassic Period (251 to 200 million years ago) The first dinosaurs evolved during the Triassic. These were mostly small meat eaters. They shared their world with a host of other reptiles, many of which were larger and more abundant. From this humble start, dinosaurs began to evolve diversify. Jurassic Period (200 to 145 million years ago) Dinosaurs flourished during the Jurassic, branching out into many new groups and species. Some of the largest dinosaurs evolved during this time. Among them were plant eaters such as the heavily armored Stegosaurus and predators such as Allosaurus. Cretaceous Period (145 to 65 million years ago) Dinosaurs continued to thrive during the Cretaceous. Duckbilled dinosaurs such as Edmontosaurus evolved during this time, as did Triceratops and many other horned dinosaurs. Near the end of the period, Tyrannosaurus rex hunted its prey in what s now western North America. But the end of the period brought the end of the remaining large dinosaurs.

11 What caused the extinction of large dinosaurs? Around 65 million years ago, nearly half of the plant and animal species including the last of the large dinosaurs became extinct. A giant asteroid hit the Earth at the end of the Age of Dinosaurs. But scientists still disagree whether this was the sole cause of the mass extinction that took place or if there were multiple causes. What happened to dinosaurs? Throughout the Age of Dinosaurs, hundreds of species of dinosaurs flourished and hundreds became extinct. Tyrannosaurus rex, among the last of the large dinosaurs, died out some 65 million years ago. But birds including the gulls and pigeons you see outside the Museum descended from relatives of the might T. rex!

Dinosaur Time-line. What other animals lived then? How long ago did the dinosaurs live? Did dinosaurs live at the same time as people?

Dinosaur Time-line. What other animals lived then? How long ago did the dinosaurs live? Did dinosaurs live at the same time as people? Dinosaur Time-line How long ago did the dinosaurs live? The Age of Dinosaurs began nearly 250 million years ago, but the first true dinosaurs appeared closer to 220 million years ago. Some dinosaurs evolved

More information

Timeline (Triassic-Jurassic-Cretaceous)

Timeline (Triassic-Jurassic-Cretaceous) Timeline (Triassic-Jurassic-Cretaceous) Dinosaurs existed long ago during the Mesozoic ( middle life ) era. This was between the Palaeozoic ( old life ) era and the Cenozoic ( new life ) era. We are still

More information

giganotosaurus Michael P. Goecke

giganotosaurus Michael P. Goecke giganotosaurus Michael P. Goecke Giganotosaurus A Buddy Book by Michael P. Goecke VISIT US AT www.abdopublishing.com Published by ABDO Publishing Company, 4940 Viking Drive, Edina, Minnesota 55435. Copyright

More information

3 The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras

3 The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras CHAPTER 9 3 The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras SECTION A View of Earth s Past KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What were the periods of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras? What

More information

B2 6 Old and New Species

B2 6 Old and New Species B2 6 Old and New Species 62 minutes 62 marks Page of 22 Q. Fossils give us evidence for the theory of evolution. The diagrams show how a fish became a fossil. (a) In the sentences below, cross out the

More information

Dinosaur Hall Second Grade Dinosaur Lesson Teacher Pages Pre Visit On site Visit

Dinosaur Hall Second Grade Dinosaur Lesson Teacher Pages Pre Visit On site Visit Dinosaur Hall Second Grade Dinosaur Lesson Teacher Pages Pre Visit Earth Sciences 3d. Students know that fossils provide evidence about the plants and animals that lived long ago and that scientists learn

More information

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals.

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals. Name: School: Date: Bipedalism A form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs, or legs. An animal that usually moves in a bipedal manner is known as a biped, meaning

More information

Unit 9.2: The Evolution of Multicellular Life

Unit 9.2: The Evolution of Multicellular Life Unit 9.2: The Evolution of Multicellular Life Lesson Objectives Describe important events of the late Precambrian. Give an overview of evolution during the Paleozoic Era. Explain why the Mesozoic Era is

More information

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Changing Earth. What is Palaeontology. Changing Time. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Changing Earth. What is Palaeontology. Changing Time. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in Worksheet Level 2 Answer Key p. 1 CRETACEOUS ALBERTA 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park. 2. What type of dinosaur was found at this site and how many

More information

Dinosaur Extinction Theories. Student Packet

Dinosaur Extinction Theories. Student Packet Dinosaur Extinction Theories Student Packet 1 Dinosaur Extinction Theories Introduction Why did the dinosaurs become extinct? What happened over 65 million years ago to kill a species that had survived

More information

What is a fossil? 1. What does the name of your dinosaur mean? 2. In which geological time period did your dinosaur live?

What is a fossil? 1. What does the name of your dinosaur mean? 2. In which geological time period did your dinosaur live? Name: School: Date: 1. What does the name of your dinosaur mean? 2. In which geological time period did your dinosaur live? 3. Where in the world are the fossil remains of your dinosaur found today? 4.

More information

Dinosaurs and Fossils

Dinosaurs and Fossils Dinosaurs and Fossils T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment

More information

Mini Dinosaurs. Grades K 1 2. Compiled by

Mini Dinosaurs. Grades K 1 2. Compiled by Mini Dinosaurs Grades K 1 2 Compiled by Leanne M. Burrow, Extension educator, 4 H/ Youth development, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service Henry County Resources and References Exploring 4 H,

More information

2. You are going to be reading about one type of dinosaur called Tyrannosaurus rex or T. rex for short. What do you know about this dinosaur?

2. You are going to be reading about one type of dinosaur called Tyrannosaurus rex or T. rex for short. What do you know about this dinosaur? Building Context 1. You are going to be reading about a dinosaur. Write down some things that you know about dinosaurs. 2. You are going to be reading about one type of dinosaur called Tyrannosaurus rex

More information

A Gigantic ADVENTURE. Inside: Poster and Activities! Major funding provided by the National Science Foundation.

A Gigantic ADVENTURE. Inside: Poster and Activities! Major funding provided by the National Science Foundation. Giant Screen Films presents A Gigantic ADVENTURE Inside: Poster and Activities! Major funding provided by the National Science Foundation www.dinosalive.com/education KEY CONCEPTS Use these concepts to

More information

What is a Dinosaur? Part I: Birds and Dinosaurs Adapted from original What is a Dinosaur? Activity from MOR Dinosaur Trunk

What is a Dinosaur? Part I: Birds and Dinosaurs Adapted from original What is a Dinosaur? Activity from MOR Dinosaur Trunk What is a Dinosaur? Part I: Birds and Dinosaurs Adapted from original What is a Dinosaur? Activity from MOR Dinosaur Trunk Grade Level: K-8 Preparation Time: 5 minutes or less (after background material

More information

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Table of Contents 1: Taxonomy: What kind of animal is a turtle? 2: Turtle or tortoise? 2: Anatomy: The Parts of a Turtle 3: The Shell of a Turtle 4: Evolution from Ancient Reptiles

More information

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Changing Earth. What is Palaeontology. Changing Time. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Changing Earth. What is Palaeontology. Changing Time. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in Worksheet Level 2 p. 1 CRETACEOUS ALBERTA 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in 2. What type of dinosaur was found at this site and how many individuals were there? 3. What was their age range?

More information

Sea Turtles by Guy Belleranti

Sea Turtles by Guy Belleranti Sea turtles are extraordinary animals. After all, what other reptile lived in the time of the dinosaurs and swims today in every ocean except the frigid Arctic? There are seven sea turtle species in existence

More information

DINOSAUR FAMILY TREE DO YOU WANT TO BE A PALEONTOLOGIST? PANGEA

DINOSAUR FAMILY TREE DO YOU WANT TO BE A PALEONTOLOGIST? PANGEA A CHANGING WORLD Here are some important facts to know before you begin your tour of the gallery: Dinosaurs lived 228-65 million years ago. The Mesozoic Era (MES-OH-ZOH-IK) is also known as the Age of

More information

esson Essential Question What Vocabulary fossil Can We dinosaur extinct Learn from Fossils? Engage Get Ready to Learn Try This!

esson Essential Question What Vocabulary fossil Can We dinosaur extinct Learn from Fossils? Engage Get Ready to Learn Try This! Lesson4 Vocabulary fossil p. 248 dinosaur p. 250 extinct p. 252 Find out what these words mean as you study this lesson. Essential Question What Can We Learn from Fossils? Engage Get Ready to Learn What

More information

Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions

Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions Grade 7 (Evolution) 3.a Students know both genetic variation and environmental factors are causes of evolution and diversity of organisms. (pg. 109 Science

More information

Museum of the Rockies Teacher Resources. Dinosaurs under the Big Sky Self-Guided Tour Teacher Talking Points. Updated May 1, 2013

Museum of the Rockies Teacher Resources. Dinosaurs under the Big Sky Self-Guided Tour Teacher Talking Points. Updated May 1, 2013 Museum of the Rockies Teacher Resources Dinosaurs under the Big Sky Self-Guided Tour Teacher Talking Points Updated May 1, 2013 Overview: Teachers not receiving a guided tour of the Dinosaurs under the

More information

[chime plays] [music plays]

[chime plays] [music plays] [chime plays] [CLARKE (narration):] The animal kingdom is made up of major groups, recognized by key traits. Fish have fins. Some land animals have four legs, others six, and several different groups have

More information

TRUE OR FALSE STUDY QUESTIONS

TRUE OR FALSE STUDY QUESTIONS info@northern-stars.com 207-453-7668 The World of the Dinosaurs Teacher s Guide Page 1 The World of the Dinosaurs is a program designed for kindergarten through third grade classes. Emphasis will be on

More information

Boy, Were We Wrong about Dinosaurs!

Boy, Were We Wrong about Dinosaurs! TEXT STUDY Boy, Were We Wrong about Dinosaurs! BY KATHLEEN V. KUDLINSKI MAP Grade 3 Unit 6 UNIT Fantastic Adventures with Dragons, Gods, and Giants TYPE Informational Text (Lexile 900L) OVERVIEW RATIONALE

More information

Q1. The diagrams show fossil animals found in rocks of different ages. Scientists have used this information to work out how the modern horse evolved.

Q1. The diagrams show fossil animals found in rocks of different ages. Scientists have used this information to work out how the modern horse evolved. Q. The diagrams show fossil animals found in rocks of different ages. Scientists have used this information to work out how the modern horse evolved. (a) Mesohippus became extinct over thirty million years

More information

Leighton Moylan and Olivia Silva

Leighton Moylan and Olivia Silva DINOSAUR BEHAVIOR Leighton Moylan and Olivia Silva Table of Contents 1 Introduction Classification Herbivores Omnivores Carnivores Extinction Birds Glossary Image Credits About the Authors 2 4 5 7 9 11

More information

The Sea Turtle Coloring Book

The Sea Turtle Coloring Book The Sea Turtle Coloring Book Sea turtles are reptiles, the same as lizards, gecko and snakes. Unlike their crocodile and snake relatives, turtle have no teeth. Turtles have a shell, called a carapace,

More information

Real World Science: Fossils & Dinosaurs

Real World Science: Fossils & Dinosaurs Real World Science: Fossils & Dinosaurs INTRODUCTION TO THE AIMS TEACHING MODULE (ATM) Rationale...................................................4 Organization and Management....................................5

More information

WEE SING AND LEARN DINOSAURS (Song lyrics)

WEE SING AND LEARN DINOSAURS (Song lyrics) WEE SING AND LEARN DINOSAURS (Song lyrics) DINOSAURS Dinosaurs, dinosaurs, Dinosaurs, dinosaurs, Dinosaurs, dinosaurs, Oh, millions and millions of years ago, dinosaurs roamed the earth. VERSE Some dinosaurs

More information

Geologic Time The first geologic time scale was proposed in 1913 by the British geologist Arthur Holmes (1890-1965). This was soon after the discovery

Geologic Time The first geologic time scale was proposed in 1913 by the British geologist Arthur Holmes (1890-1965). This was soon after the discovery Geologic Time Geologic Time The first geologic time scale was proposed in 1913 by the British geologist Arthur Holmes (1890-1965). This was soon after the discovery of radioactivity, and using it, Holmes

More information

Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery. Scientists stumbled upon strange-looking dinosaur bones in Germany.

Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery. Scientists stumbled upon strange-looking dinosaur bones in Germany. Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery Dinosaur Discovery Dinosaurs 1 lived millions of years ago. Scientists recently discovered something new about dinosaurs. What did they find? Little Big Dinosaur wikipedia.org

More information

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science.

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Supported by A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Find out about the different types of teeth in your mouth. Milk Teeth As a child you have 20 milk teeth. Your first tooth appears

More information

The Fossil Record and Geologic Time Scale

The Fossil Record and Geologic Time Scale Two Conceptions of Earth History: Catastrophism Assumption: Great Effects Require Great Causes Earth History Dominated by Violent Events Uniformitarianism Assumption: We Can Use Cause And Effect to Determine

More information

Chapter 9: Earth s Past

Chapter 9: Earth s Past Chapter 9: Earth s Past Vocabulary 1. Geologic column 2. Era 3. Period 4. Epoch 5. Evolution 6. Precambrian time 7. Paleozoic era 8. Shield 9. Stromatolite 10. Invertebrate 11. Trilobite 12. Index fossil

More information

GEOS 2900 Sample Activity

GEOS 2900 Sample Activity GEOS 2900 Sample Activity 3.3 GEOLOGIC TIME Introduction: Now that we understand how fossils and rocks are used to interpret past events and to put relative and absolute ages on these events, we can begin

More information

Dinosaur Vocabulary List & Definitions

Dinosaur Vocabulary List & Definitions Name Dinosaur Vocabulary List & Definitions dinosaur extinct fossil herbivore paleontology predator prehistoric skeleton prey carnivore one of various extinct reptiles that lived approximately l00 million

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Dino Data Adapted from Dino Data Activity www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/lessons/dinodata/dino_data.html

Dino Data Adapted from Dino Data Activity www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/lessons/dinodata/dino_data.html Dino Data Adapted from Dino Data Activity www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/lessons/dinodata/dino_data.html Grade Level: Grades 6-8 Preparation Time: less than 5 minutes Activity Duration: up to five classroom

More information

Name: DUE: May 2, 2013 Ms. Galaydick. Geologic Time Scale Era Period End date (in millions of years) Cenozoic Quaternary present

Name: DUE: May 2, 2013 Ms. Galaydick. Geologic Time Scale Era Period End date (in millions of years) Cenozoic Quaternary present Name: DUE: May 2, 2013 Ms. Galaydick Objective: Use the diagrams to answer the questions for each set: USING SCIENCE SKILLS PART #1 Geologic Time Scale Era Period End date (in millions of years) Cenozoic

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

Worksheets Dinosaurs are back! 2012

Worksheets Dinosaurs are back! 2012 Worksheets Dinosaurs are back! 2012 VOCABULARY 1 Match the words to the definitions. 1 paleontologist 2 dinosaur 3 cave 4 tusk 5 shark 6 pterasaur a. an ancient lizard that lived millions of years ago.

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 4 The Geologic Time Scale. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 4 The Geologic Time Scale. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Once Upon a Time How have geologists described the rate of geologic change? Geology is the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that shape it. Early geologists

More information

What is a Fossil? Adapted from What is a Fossil MOR Dinosaur Trunk Activity

What is a Fossil? Adapted from What is a Fossil MOR Dinosaur Trunk Activity What is a Fossil? Adapted from What is a Fossil MOR Dinosaur Trunk Activity Grade Level: Grades K-8 Preparation Time: 10-15 minutes Activity Duration: 30 minutes-2 hours Concepts Addressed A fossil is

More information

THE COLUMBUS ZOO AND AQUARIUM RE-HATCHING AT MAY 17, 2014

THE COLUMBUS ZOO AND AQUARIUM RE-HATCHING AT MAY 17, 2014 RE-HATCHING AT THE COLUMBUS ZOO AND AQUARIUM MAY 17, 2014 Back from extinction by popular demand! Travel back in time, 65 million years, for a prehistoric adventure of colossal proportion. Dinosaurs became

More information

Investigating Adaptations

Investigating Adaptations Investigating Adaptations 4 th Grade Duration Pre-Visit: 40 minutes Museum Visit: 60 minutes Post Visit: 50 minutes Concepts Adaptations reveal what organisms need in their environment to survive. Location

More information

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. about how organisms have changed. grown in complexity over time.

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. about how organisms have changed. grown in complexity over time. History of Life Evolution Q: How do fossils help biologists understand the history of life on Earth? 19.1 How do scientists use fossils to study Earth s history? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: Fossils give

More information

Dinosaurs and Fossils

Dinosaurs and Fossils Delta Science Reader Dinosaurs and Fossils Delta Science Readers are nonfiction student books that provide science background and support the experiences of hands-on activities. Every Delta Science Reader

More information

2012 Learning on Location St. Louis Science Center Symposium

2012 Learning on Location St. Louis Science Center Symposium 2012 Learning on Location St. Louis Science Center Symposium Title of Activity/Lesson Understanding the Geologic Time Scale Michelle Hrastich, Windsor School District Grade Level(s) this activity/lesson

More information

Geologic Time Scale Notes

Geologic Time Scale Notes Name: Date: Period: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Notes Essential Question: What is the geologic time scale? Vocabulary: Geology: the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that

More information

Big-Nosed, Long-Horned Dinosaur Discovered in Utah

Big-Nosed, Long-Horned Dinosaur Discovered in Utah MEDIA RELEASE Big-Nosed, Long-Horned Dinosaur Discovered in Utah July 17, 2013, Salt Lake City, UT A remarkable new species of horned dinosaur has been unearthed in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument,

More information

Geologic Time Scale and Change Over Time. Module 1.4

Geologic Time Scale and Change Over Time. Module 1.4 Geologic Time Scale and Change Over Time Module 1.4 Geologic Time Scale Geologic time Earth s history is divided into time units that make up a geologic time scale. Time units on the scale are based on

More information

Introduction and Pretest

Introduction and Pretest Introduction and Pretest PREPARATION It s recommended that the students complete the five proofreading lessons in the Writer s Guide before beginning this unit. The pretest in this introduction to the

More information

Making Tracks Elementary School 5-E Lesson

Making Tracks Elementary School 5-E Lesson Making Tracks Elementary School 5-E Lesson Objectives -Student will analyze fossil footprints of two and four legged dinosaurs to learn more about how these animals lived. -Students will experiment with

More information

Geologic Time Scale Newcomer Academy Visualization Three

Geologic Time Scale Newcomer Academy Visualization Three Geologic Time Newcomer Academy Visualization Three Chapter Subtopic/Media Key Points of Discussion Notes/Vocabulary Introduction Title NA NA Various Pictures of Geologic Time It s About Time Personal Timeline

More information

Elementary School Sea Turtle Lesson Plan Developed by Cathy Payne

Elementary School Sea Turtle Lesson Plan Developed by Cathy Payne Elementary School Sea Turtle Lesson Plan Developed by Cathy Payne Background: Elementary school-aged children are very drawn to stories, both fiction and nonfiction, about sea turtles, but there are limited

More information

Fish Scavenger Hunt Activity

Fish Scavenger Hunt Activity Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 reptile fact cards (pages 4-9) Tape and scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 4 The Geologic Time Scale. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 4 The Geologic Time Scale. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Once Upon a Time How have geologists described the rate of geologic change? Geology is the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that shape it. Early geologists

More information

Evolutionary Evidence

Evolutionary Evidence Evolutionary Evidence 7th Grade, Science and English/Language Arts: Age of Mammals Make the most of your Museum field trip by integrating it into your classroom curriculum. These lesson plans provide a

More information

Activity Pack EDUCATION PROGRAM

Activity Pack EDUCATION PROGRAM Presented by Global Creatures in association with BBC Worldwide Ltd Activity Pack EDUCATION PROGRAM ACTIVITY SHEET 1: RESEARCHING THE DINOSAURS ACTIVITY SUITABLE FOR PRIMARY STUDENTS AGE 5 13 YEARS Dinosaurs

More information

Worksheet: The food chain

Worksheet: The food chain Worksheet: The food chain Foundation Phase Grade 1-3 Learning area: Natural Science Specific Aim 2: Investigating phenomena in natural sciences Activity Sheet Activity 1: What is a food chain? Every time

More information

Songwords & activity sheets for DINOSAURS (PTCD283)

Songwords & activity sheets for DINOSAURS (PTCD283) Songwords & activity sheets for DINOSAURS (PTCD283) 2 TRACK LISTING PAGE TITLE 3 Dinosaurs Dinosaurs 4 Diplodocus Story 5 Did You Know? 1 6 Dino Joke 7 Pterosaurs 8 Did You Know? 2 9 Pterosaur Story 10

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

Explore and Discover Dinosaurs Become a dinosaur detective

Explore and Discover Dinosaurs Become a dinosaur detective Explore and Discover Explore how dinosaurs fed and reproduced. Make observations when answering questions and use appropriate vocabulary to describe life processes. over... and Disc e Explore etectiv rs

More information

Name: LAB: The Geologic Time Scale

Name: LAB: The Geologic Time Scale Name: LAB: The Geologic Time Scale INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to comprehend the age of the Earth and the time that various geologic events occurred in the past. A model drawn to scale is often useful

More information

KINDERGARTEN PAST LIFE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN PAST LIFE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN PAST LIFE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Distinguishing the four types of matter. LAB: Classifying heavy and light rocks. POST:

More information

Understanding Geologic Time from the Texas Memorial Museum

Understanding Geologic Time from the Texas Memorial Museum Understanding Geologic Time from the Texas Memorial Museum Objective To gain a better understanding of the geologic time scale. Materials Activity 1: Geologic Time Geologic Time Activity Worksheet (included)

More information

WEB OF LIFE Kelp keystone species ecosystem extinction decimated predator invertebrates proliferated inhabit herbivorous biodiversity prey profound

WEB OF LIFE Kelp keystone species ecosystem extinction decimated predator invertebrates proliferated inhabit herbivorous biodiversity prey profound WEB OF LIFE Sea otters live in the shallow waters of the Pacific and in various types of habitats that include rocky shores, tidal estuaries, and kelp forests. Kelp forests are a key habitat often associated

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

Earth's Timeline. Dinosaur Museum Isle of Wight worksheet Yvette Minassian Institut Sainte-Julie

Earth's Timeline.  Dinosaur Museum Isle of Wight worksheet Yvette Minassian Institut Sainte-Julie Earth's Timeline http://www.dinosaurisle.com/timeline.aspx Dinosaur Museum Isle of Wight worksheet Yvette Minassian Institut Sainte-Julie 1. Write a few lines to describe the origin of sponges, their habitat,

More information

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo Teachers notes KS 1 & KS 2 This booklet will help you to focus your self guided trail on ocean animals, looking at the adaptations of the species and focusing in on

More information

Food Chains and Food Webs

Food Chains and Food Webs Program Support Notes by: Spiro Liacos B.Ed. Produced by: VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning Editor: Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. Executive Producers: Edwina Baden-Powell B.A, CVP. Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. You

More information

Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes

Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes Objective & Overview: Using measurement and books, students will gain a better understanding of animal size, diversity, and diet through the fun study of wildlife.

More information

A Teacher s Guide to Discovering Dinosaurs Outreach & Meet the Dinosaurs Discovery Lesson Grades Pre-K -2

A Teacher s Guide to Discovering Dinosaurs Outreach & Meet the Dinosaurs Discovery Lesson Grades Pre-K -2 A Teacher s Guide to Discovering Dinosaurs Outreach & Meet the Dinosaurs Discovery Lesson Grades Pre-K -2 To be used in conjunction with Meet the Dinosaurs at the Academy or with our Discovering Dinosaurs

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

More information

Dynamics of dinosaurs

Dynamics of dinosaurs MATH0011 Numbers and Patterns in Nature and Life Lecture 1 Dynamics of Dinosaurs http://147.8.101.93/math0011/ Questions: Dynamics of dinosaurs How heavy are dinosaurs? Would sand support a big dinosaur

More information

Talking About Penguins by Guy Belleranti

Talking About Penguins by Guy Belleranti Talking About Penguins Penguins are one of the world s most interesting birds. They waddle when they walk, and have flippers instead of wings. The bones in a penguin s flippers are heavier and more solid

More information

Age of the Dinosaur. Information pack

Age of the Dinosaur. Information pack Age of the Dinosaur Information pack Age of the Dinosaur information pack Contents Contents Exhibition overview 3 Aims of the exhibition 4 Gallery plan 5 Scenes and storyline 6 Specifications 8 Press release

More information

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in

CRETACEOUS ALBERTA SCIENCE HALL. Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park. 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in Worksheet Level 3 Answer Key p. 1 CRETACEOUS ALBERTA 1. This exhibit is based on a discovery made in Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park. 2. What type of dinosaur was found at this site, and how many

More information

Life processes. All animals have to carry out seven life processes. These are: 2. Respiration taking in one gas and getting rid of another

Life processes. All animals have to carry out seven life processes. These are: 2. Respiration taking in one gas and getting rid of another Food chains Life processes All animals have to carry out seven life processes. These are: 1. Movement being able to move its body 2. Respiration taking in one gas and getting rid of another 3. Reproduction

More information

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: Frog questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 frog fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the frog fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies

More information

The ESL SCIENCE Book

The ESL SCIENCE Book The ESL SCIENCE Book The ESL SCIENCE Book John F. Chabot Kirk Schriefer Illustrations: Rosalind Anderson & Cynthia DiSimone & Jeannette Julich Copyright 2006 FULL BLAST Productions IN CANADA IN THE UNITED

More information

Worksheet: The geological time scale

Worksheet: The geological time scale Worksheet: The geological time scale Senior Phase Grade 7-9 Learning area: Natural Science Strand: Life and living Theme: Biodiversity, change and continuity Specific Aim 1: Acquiring knowledge of natural

More information

Seventh Grade History of the Earth and Life Forms Assessment

Seventh Grade History of the Earth and Life Forms Assessment Seventh Grade History of the Earth and Life Forms Assessment 1a. Fossils can be thought of as a record of the: a. past b. present c. future 1b. What do we look at when we want to see a record of past life

More information

Therizinosaur Mystery of the Sickle Claw Dinosaur. Arizona Museum of Natural History. Educator Resource Guide

Therizinosaur Mystery of the Sickle Claw Dinosaur. Arizona Museum of Natural History. Educator Resource Guide Therizinosaur Mystery of the Sickle Claw Dinosaur Arizona Museum of Natural History Educator Resource Guide Illustration Courtesy of Victor Leshyk GOALS FOR VISIT To help understand the history of life

More information

FORMATION OF EARTH. Today we are going to talk about the earth.how it was formed.

FORMATION OF EARTH. Today we are going to talk about the earth.how it was formed. FORMATION OF EARTH Have you ever wondered about the universe? What made it possible.how it was formed? Of course, religion has explained for centuries the intricacies of creation. And as always, science

More information

E.ST.06.42 Describe how fossils provide important evidence of how life and environmental conditions have.changed.

E.ST.06.42 Describe how fossils provide important evidence of how life and environmental conditions have.changed. Dawn Wagner Lesson Plan- What is the Geologic Time Scale? BIG IDEA: Earth is 4.6 billion years old 2.6 Life on Earth began more than 3.5 billion years ago 2.7 Over Earth s vast history, both gradual and

More information

Name Date Per Integrated Science: Plate Tectonics. Geologic Time WebQuest

Name Date Per Integrated Science: Plate Tectonics. Geologic Time WebQuest Name Date Per Integrated Science: Plate Tectonics Geologic Time WebQuest If the age of the Earth were to be scaled to the length of the Golden Gate Bridge (about 6000 ft), then 600 years of civilization

More information

binoculars scissors river square Sam trucks newspaper valley cabin lost worried road four earth safe Read and complete Daniela s diary.

binoculars scissors river square Sam trucks newspaper valley cabin lost worried road four earth safe Read and complete Daniela s diary. Worksheet scissors newspaper four I got up early and climbed a mountain. I stopped on the way and looked at the green and the blue. It was beautiful! At the top, I looked through the binoculars and saw

More information

Master of the Grasses

Master of the Grasses Name: by Guy Belleranti What would you do if you saw a guinea pig that weighed 75, 100 or even 150 pounds? Of course, guinea pigs don t grow nearly that big, but if you saw a capybara, you might mistakenly

More information

What other body parts do sharks have that help them swim?

What other body parts do sharks have that help them swim? Galleria: Sharks Look out for the sharks swimming overhead! Most sharks are great swimmers and their bodies are built for speed. What body shape do these sharks have in order to help them be such fast

More information

GIANT MYSTERIOUS DINOSAURS

GIANT MYSTERIOUS DINOSAURS GIANT MYSTERIOUS DINOSAURS The world s most current, interactive and imposing dinosaur exhibition. How much did giant dinosaurs eat? How did they breathe? How did they grow? How did giant dinosaurs attack

More information

Section 2 Scientific Methods in Earth Science

Section 2 Scientific Methods in Earth Science Section 2 Scientific Methods in Earth Science Key Concept Scientists conduct careful investigations by following standard methods that allow them to collect data and communicate results. What You Will

More information

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED ENDANGERED AND THREATENED Understand how species in the Sonoran Desert Region may become endangered or threatened and what is being done to protect them. ARIZONA SCIENCE STANDARDS SC03-S4C3-03&04, SC08-S1C3-07,

More information

Geological Timeline. Important EvEnts In the Earth s history

Geological Timeline. Important EvEnts In the Earth s history Geological Timeline In this pack you will find information and activities to help your class grasp the concept of geological time, just how old our planet is, and just how young we, as a species, are.

More information

AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY SCAVENGER HUNT

AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY SCAVENGER HUNT AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY SCAVENGER HUNT Begin on the 4 th floor. Take the stairs since they are faster than the elevators. Look but do not touch while in the museum. Keep your voices low but

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Practice Questions 1: Evolution

Practice Questions 1: Evolution Practice Questions 1: Evolution 1. Which concept is best illustrated in the flowchart below? A. natural selection B. genetic manipulation C. dynamic equilibrium D. material cycles 2. The diagram below

More information

LEARNING RESOURCE GUIDE KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 3

LEARNING RESOURCE GUIDE KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 3 KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 3 INTRODUCTION In Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, woolly mammoths Manny and Ellie are anxiously awaiting the birth of their baby when their friend, Sid the sloth, stumbles across three

More information