Section 3 Oil and Oil Products

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1 Section 3 Oil and Oil Products Oil and Oil Products Key results show: Total indigenous UK production of crude oil and Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) in Q continues to be strong, 7.8 per cent higher than a year ago. Production in the year to date is up 8.3 per cent on last year. (Chart 3.1) As a result of strong production, net imports of primary oils (crude oil, NGLs and process oils) in Q were 4.1 million tonnes (down from 5.1 million tonnes last year). This is equivalent to 27 per cent of the UK's refinery demand. (Chart 3.3) Refinery production in Q was lower than the trend in the year to date, down 6.5 per cent on the same of last year. This decrease was driven by maintenance during the. Production in the year to date has been stable compared to last year (down 1.3 per cent in year to Q3). (Chart 3.2) Trade in petroleum products was static with imports up by 3.0 per cent and exports down 1.3 per cent. The UK was a net importer of petroleum products in Q by 2.2 million tonnes and remains short in middle distillates such as road diesel and jet fuel. (Chart 3.2) Total deliveries of the key transport fuels were static, up 0.7 per cent. Diesel deliveries increased by 3.3 per cent in line with the long term trend and motor spirit deliveries decreased by 2.6 per cent. The diesel share of road fuels is now 67 per cent as more drivers move towards diesel vehicles. (Chart 3.5) Overall stocks of crude oil and petroleum products stood at 14.3 million tonnes. This has seen a move towards companies preferring primary oil to petroleum product stocks. (Chart 3.6) Relevant tables 3.1: Supply and use of crude oil, natural gas liquids and feedstocks Page : Supply and use of petroleum products Page : Supply and use of petroleum products Page : Demand for key petroleum products Page : Stocks of petroleum at end of period Page 36 Contacts for further information: Matthew Curds Natalie Cartwright Upstream Oil (primary oils) Downstream Oil (petroleum products) Oil and Gas Statistics Team Oil and Gas Statistics Team Tel Tel

2 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.1 Production and trade of crude oil and NGLs 18 Production Exports Imports Million Tonnes Q Q2 Q3 Indigenous UK crude oil production was 6.3 per cent higher in Q3 of 2016 compared with Q The increase in crude oil production is mainly driven by fewer maintenance activities compared to last year along with increased production from the Balloch field and the new Solan oil field coming online, despite the delay of scheduled maintenance at the Buzzard field towards the end of the. Production of NGLs increased by 41 per cent compared to last year, partly due to increased production from the St Fergus FLAGS terminal. Overall indigenous production was up 7.8 per cent. Imports of crude oil and NGLs decreased by 6.1 per cent compared with the same a year earlier as UK indigenous production accounted for a larger share of refinery demand. Net imports of primary oils (crude, NGLs and feedstocks) decreased from 5.1 million tonnes in Q to 4.1 million tonnes in Q

3 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.2 Production and trade of petroleum products 20 Production Exports Imports Million Tonnes Q Q2 Q3 Indigenous production of petroleum products at refineries in Q was 6.5 per cent lower compared with a year earlier. This was partly caused by planned maintenance activity at some major refineries. Production remains robust compared to last year, down 1.3 per cent on the year to date. With relatively steady demand and strong production, the trade position is broadly unchanged on last year with imports of petroleum products up 3.0 per cent and exports down 1.3 per cent. Whilst the trade balance on some products has varied slightly on the same last year, the broad pattern is similar to last year with the UK reliant on imports of middle distillates (particularly road diesel and jet fuel which comprise around two-thirds of imports) and strong exports of petrol (which comprises nearly half of the UK s petroleum product exports). 27

4 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.3 Overall trade of primary oils and petroleum products Crude & NGLs (inc feedstocks) Petroleum Products Net Exports Net Imports Million Tonnes Q Q2 Q3 The UK s overall net import dependence for primary oils (Crude, NGL s and feedstocks) was 27 per cent in Q3 2016, down slightly from 31 per cent on Q Crude oil import dependence has decreased in 2016 as new fields have come online. In 2014 there were maintenance issues that dented UK indigenous production of crude, which have not affected this year s production so adversely. Recent increased refinery activity has also helped push up demand for primary oils. In Q the UK was a net importer of petroleum products, by 2.2 million tonnes, up from 1.9 million tonnes in Q

5 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.4 Final consumption of oil Million Tonnes Transport Industry and other final users Domestic Non energy use 2 0 Q Q2 Q3 Final consumption in the oil sector is slightly seasonal with different products peaking at different times of the year. Consumption of domestic fuels for heating peaks in Q1 and Q4 each year, and consumption of aviation fuels is higher in Q2 and Q3. Overall, final consumption of petroleum products in Q was up 1.5 per cent on the same period last year. The majority of the data are similar to last year but there is increased demand of petroleum gases such as butane and propane for both energy and non-energy use. 29

6 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.5 Demand for key transport fuels 7 Deliveries into consumption ( million tonnes) Total Motor Spirit including Bio-ethanol Total Diesel Road Fuel including Bio-diesel 0 Q Aviation Turbine Fuel Q2 Q3 Transport fuels accounted for near three-s of demand for petroleum products, with road fuels alone accounting for more than half of demand. Consumption of all transport fuels were near identical to last year. Motor spirit sales saw a decrease (down 2.6 per cent), which was countered by an increase in road diesel (up 3.3 per cent) in continuation of the long term trend as more motorists switch from petrol to diesel. Deliveries of aviation turbine fuel were similar to the same period last year, down just 0.9 per cent. 30

7 Oil and Oil Products Chart 3.6 UK oil stocks 16 Product Stocks Crude Stocks Million Tonnes Q Q2 Q3 The UK holds oil stocks both for operational and commercial purposes and to meet obligations set out by the European Union (EU) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) to ensure the continuity of oil supply in times of significant disruption. The UK meets these obligations by directing companies to hold stocks of oil over and above what they would need for operational purposes. The UK is required to hold stock equivalent to 61 days of consumption to meet the EU requirements and stock equivalent to 90 days of net imports to meet IEA requirements. At the end of Q the UK held 14.3 million tonnes, equivalent to just under the 61 days of consumption with an additional 14 days of commercial stocks available on top of the obligation. The same volume is equivalent to around 180 days of net imports. Whilst UK total oil stocks were broadly stable (down 1.6 per cent on the same period last year) there has been a significant shift to primary oil stocks (up 18 per cent) from petroleum product stocks (down 17 per cent). The bulk of this change has been driven by an increase in primary oils held for the UK elsewhere in the EU, which are up 30 per cent on the same period last year. Countering this has been a substantial contraction in petroleum products held overseas which are down nearly a third on the same period last year. The primary driver for these changes are prices as companies seek to minimise the cost of meeting their obligations by securing the best prices for oil held on their behalf. The result has been a decrease in stock held overseas on behalf of the UK, down 7.7 per cent. Further information on how the UK meets its oil stocking obligations are set out at: 31

8 32 3 OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS Table 3.1 Supply and use of crude oil, natural gas liquids and feedstocks per cent change 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd p Thousand tonnes SUPPLY Indigenous production 2 40,328 45, ,296 10,510 10,836 12,141 10,515 12,206 12,720 12,223r 11, Crude oil 37,474 42, ,692 9,779 10,163 11,364 9,895 11,404 11,816 11,357r 10, NGLs 3 2,454 2, Feedstocks Imports 4 53,638 50, ,964 14,174 11,985 12,068 12,979 13,448 11,479 11,750r 12, Crude oil & NGLs 48,890 45, ,831 13,101 10,920 10,931 11,406 11,902 9,842 10,130r 10, Feedstocks 4,747 5, ,133 1,074 1,065 1,137 1,574 1,547 1,637 1,620r 1, Exports 4 30,869 33, ,906 8,515 8,082 9,339 7,908 8,331 10,088r 7,976r 8, Crude Oil & NGLs 29,809 31, ,634 8,231 7,587 8,846 7,279 8,018 9,460 7,544r 7, Feedstocks 1,060 1, r 433r 294 (-) Stock change (-) r 62 (-) Transfers 6-1,439-1, Total supply 61,066 61, ,246 15,149 14,597 14,104 16,332 16,332 14,121r 15,153r 15, Statistical difference r -19r +1 Total demand 61,063 61, ,270 15,141 14,632 14,103 16,332 16,308 14,106 15,172 15, TRANSFORMATION 61,063 61, ,270 15,141 14,632 14,103 16,332 16,308 14,106 15,172 15, Petroleum refineries 61,063 61, ,270 15,141 14,632 14,103 16,332 16,308 14,106 15,172 15, As there is no use made of primary oils and feedstocks by industries other than the oil and gas extraction and petroleum refining industries, othe industry headings have not been included in this table. As such, this table is a summary of the activity of what is known as the Upstream oil industry 2. Includes offshore and onshore production 3. Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs) are condensate and petroleum gases derived at onshore treatment plants 4. Foreign trade as recorded by the Petroleum Industry which may differ from the figures published by HM Revenue and Customs in the Overseas Trade Statistics Data are subject to further revision as revised information on imports and exports becomes available 5. Stock fall (+), stock rise (-). Stocks include stocks held at refineries, at oil terminals and also those held in tanks and partially loaded vessels at offshore facilities 6. Mostly direct disposals to petrochemical plants. 7. Total supply minus total demand. 8. Percentage change between the most recent and the same a year earlier per cent change 8

9 33 3 OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS Table 3.2 Supply and use of petroleum products Thousand tonnes per cent change 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd p per cent change 1 SUPPLY Indigenous production 2 62,647 63, ,515 15,577 15,097 14,652 16,736 16,883 14,684r 15,650r 15, Imports 3 29,093 31, ,546 7,213 7,643 8,247 8,134 7,703 8,831r 9,145r 8, Exports 3 22,748 22, ,212 5,387 4,984 5,159 6,283 6,409 5,932r 6,232r 6, Marine bunkers 2,824 2, r 667r Stock change Transfers , Total supply 65,643 67, ,649 16,699 16,552 16,589 17,357 17,371 16,937r 17,356r 17, Statistical difference r -36r -28 Total demand 65,752 67, ,724 16,733 16,424 16,593 17,410 17,363 17,019r 17,392r 17, TRANSFORMATION 1,055 1, Electricity generation Heat generation Other Transformation Energy industry use 3,861 4, ,108 1, , Petroleum Refineries 3,198 3, Blast Furnaces Others FINAL CONSUMPTION 60,837 62, ,513 15,524 15,170 15,406 16,012 15,989 15,740r 16,097r 16, Iron & steel (-) Other industries 3,765 3, , ,009 1,085r 811r Transport 47,578 48, ,442 12,020 11,316 12,290 12,660 12,161 11,642r 12,477r 12, Domestic 2,278 2, r 460r Other final users 1,390 1, r 416r Non energy use 5,820 6, ,417 1,449 1,601 1,607 1,747 1,875 1,836r 1,932r 1, Percentage change between the most recent and the same a year earlier; (+) represents a positive percentage change greater than 100%. 2. Includes refinery production and petroleum gases extracted as products during the production of oil and gas. 3. Foreign trade as recorded by the Petroleum Industry which may differ from the figures published by HM Revenue and Customs in the Overseas Trade Statistics. Data are subject for further revision as revised information on imports and exports becomes available. 4. Stock fall (+), stock rise (-). 5. Mainly transfers from product to feedstock. 6. Total supply minus total demand.

10 3 OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS Table 3.4 Supply and use of petroleum products - latest rd rd p Thousand tonnes 34 Total Petroleum Products Motor spirit DERV 9 Gas oil 1 Aviation turbine fuel Fuel oils Petroleum gases 2 Burning oil SUPPLY Indigenous Production 4 16,736r 4,562 3,646 1,925 1,456 1,243 1,660r 406 1,840 15,640 4,342 3,630 1,805 1,280 1,044 1, ,673 Imports 5 8, , , , , , Exports 5 6,283 2, ,203 2, Marine bunkers Stock change Transfers Total supply 17,357r 3,085 6,025 1,417 3, ,617r 483 1,328 17,444 2,992 6,177 1,346 3, , ,323 Statistical difference Total demand 17,410r 3,072 5,976 1,418 3, ,675r 503 1,355 17,473 2,993 6,175 1,346 3, , ,297 TRANSFORMATION Electricity generation Heat generation Petroleum refineries Coke manufacture Blast furnaces Patent fuel manufacture Other transformation Energy industry use 1, FINAL CONSUMPTION 16,013r 3,072 5,976 1,236 3, r 503 1,001 16,249 2,993 6,175 1,163 3, , ,010 Iron & steel Other industries 827r r Transport 12,660 3,072 5, , ,690 2,993 6, , Domestic Other final users 415r r Non energy use 1, , Other products 3 Total Petroleum Products Motor spirit DERV 9 Gas oil 1 Aviation turbine fuel Fuel oils Petroleum gases 2 Burning oil Other products 3 1. Includes middle distillate feedstock destined for use in the petrochemical industry and marine diesel 2. Includes ethane, propane, butane and other petroleum gases 3. Includes naphtha, industrial and white spirits, lubricants, bitumen, petroleum waxes, petroleum coke and other oil products 4. Includes refinery production and petroleum gases extracted as products during the production of oil and gas 5. Foreign trade as recorded by the Petroleum Industry which may differ from the figures published by HM Revenue and Customs in the Overseas Trade Statistics Data are subject to further revision as revised information on imports and exports becomes available 6. Stock fall (+), stock rise (-). 7. Mainly transfers from product to feedstock. 8. Total supply minus total demand. 9. Backflows from petrochemical companies have been placed on a separate row for the first time June Please see article in Energy Trend June 2016 for more information

11 3 OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS Table 3.5 Biofuel sales and sales through supermarkets 1 Thousand tonnes per cent change rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd p per cent change 2 MOTOR SPIRIT of which, Hydrocarbon 3 12,326 12, % 3,103 3,086 2,893 3,076 3,072 3,040 2,877 3,072 2, % of which, Bio-ethanol % % Total Motor Spirit including Bio-ethanol 12,971 12, % 3,271 3,247 3,043 3,237 3,235 3,197 3,023 3,226 3, % of which, sold through Supermarkets 5 5,755 5, % 1,448 1,464 1,418 1,467 1,435 1,473 1,480 1,479 1, % DIESEL ROAD FUEL of which, Hydrocarbon 3 22,675 23, % 5,701 5,960 5,575 5,998 5,976 6,106 5,889 6,173 6, % of which, Bio-diesel % % Total Diesel Road Fuel including Bio-diesel 23,525 24, % 5,944 6,164 5,687 6,133 6,134 6,298 6,016 6,368 6, % of which, sold through Supermarkets 5 6,394 6, % 1,625 1,658 1,605 1,648 1,706 1,685 1,793 1,802 1, % 1. Monthly data for inland deliveries of oil products are available - See BEIS website: 2. Percentage change between the most recent and the same a year earlier. 3. Demand excluding bioethanol. Based on HMRC data. 4. Bioethanol based on HMRC data and excludes other renewables 5. Data for sales by supermarkets collected by a monthly reporting system. Includes Asda, Morrisons, Sainsburys and Tesco onl 35

12 3 OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS Table 3.6 Stocks of petroleum 1 at end of period Thousand tonnes Crude oil and refinery process oil Petroleum products Total stocks 36 Net bilaterals of Crude and Refineries 2 Terminals 3 Offshore 4 Process oil 5 Total 5 Motor Spirit 6 Kerosene 7 Gas/Diesel Oil , , ,454 1, ,100 7,569 2,251 10,592 12, ,829 1, , ,427 1, ,441 7,735 2,636 10,790 13, ,592 1, ,469 6,677 1,041 1,419 1, ,432 7,528 3,901 10,304 14, ,876 1, ,728 7, ,178 1, ,064 6,871 3,792 10,290 14, ,106 1, ,289 7,524 1,084 1,425 1, ,022 7,466 4,312 10,678 14, rd 3,248 1, ,863 6, ,259 1, ,215 7,083 4,078 9,938 14,016 4th 3,876 1, ,728 7, ,178 1, ,064 6,871 3,792 10,290 14, st 3, ,871 7,116 1,304 1,142 1, ,051 6,982 3,922 10,176 14,098 2nd 3,590 1, ,862 7,491 1,150 1,265 1, ,315 7,418 4,177 10,731 14,909 3rd 3,098 1, ,793 6,451 1,087 1,436 1, ,703 8,082 4,496 10,037 14,533 4th 3,106 1, ,289 7,524 1,084 1,425 1, ,022 7,466 4,312 10,678 14, st 3,038r 1, ,193 7,078r 1,086r 1,450r 1,641r 256r 807r 1,812 7,052r 4,005 10,125r 14,131r 2nd 3,145r 1, r 2,427r 7,762r 1,162r 1,395r 1,890r 278r 784r 1,899r 7,408r 4,326 10,844r 15,170r 3rd p 3,193 1, ,323 7,596 1,114 1,249 1, ,826 6,708 4,150 10,154 14,304 Per cent change Fuel oils Other products 9 Net bilaterals of products 5 Total products Total Net bilaterals 5 Total Stocks in UK 10 Total stocks 1. Stocks held at refineries, terminals and power stations. Stocks in the wholesale distribution system and certain stocks at offshore fields (UK Continental Shelf [UKCS]), and others held underare approved bilateral agreements also included. 2. Stocks of crude oil, NGLs and process oil at UK refineries. 3. Stocks of crude oil and NGLs at UKCS pipeline terminals. 4. Stocks of crude oil in tanks and partially loaded tankers at offshore fields (UKCS). 5. The difference between stocks held abroad for UK use under approved bilateral agreements and the equivalent stocks held in the UK for foreign use. From 2013 onwards, EU Directive 2009/119/EC came into effect and this has lead to changes in how UK companies manage their stock-holding. The increase in crude stocks held abroad was at the expense of a decrease in product stocks held under similar agreements. 6.Motor spirit and aviation spirit. 7. Aviation turbine fuel and burning oil. 8. Gas oil, DERV fuel, middle distillate feedstock (mdf) and marine diesel oil. 9. Ethane, propane, butane, other petroleum gases, naphtha (ldf), industrial and white spirits, bitumen, petroleum wax, lubricating oil, petroleum coke, and miscellaneous products. 10. Stocks held in the national territory or elsewhere on the UKCS 11. Percentage change between the most recent and the same a year earlier.

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