CHROMATIC HARMONY. Oman College of Management & Technology COURSE NAME: COLOR THEORY& APPLICATION 1 PROPOSED BY: DR.MOHAMED ALNEJEM 10/26/2015

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1 Oman College of Management & Technology COURSE NAME: COLOR THEORY& APPLICATION 1 PROPOSED BY: DR.MOHAMED ALNEJEM SEMESTER: FIRST 2015/2016 CHAPTER (4): CHROMATIC HARMONY 1 CHROMATIC HARMONY 2 1

2 Harmony: Harmony: is the happy condition that follows when two or more different things are sensed together as a single, pleasing experience. Harmony: is intuitive; a feeling that things are just as they should be. 3 Harmony is perceived as: Complete Continuous natural 4 2

3 Happy families live in harmony. Barbershop quartets sing in harmony. A hermit lives in harmony with nature. 5 Intervals Hue Value Saturation Surface And Color harmony 3

4 Intervals and Harmony: Because of the human need for logic, even intervals are the most pleasing and harmonious type of color intervals to use. 7 You can force colors that seem incompatible to achieve a sort of harmony by creating intervals between them. In this case, intervals were established not just between the two colors but also beyond them. 8 4

5 Hue and Harmony: Historically, the search for color harmony has focused on the relationship between hues, and more specifically, on the link between harmony and complementary colors. Analogous colors (colors next to each other on the color wheel) also create a very harmonious color scheme. 9 But not every pleasing palette is made up of complements. When a single hue is used in a variety of values or saturations, it is called monochromatic and is very harmonious. 5

6 Value and Harmony Although the principal function of value is as contrast, that creates separation between figure and ground, traditional color theory offers three ideas about value and harmony: Even intervals of value are harmonious Middle values are harmonious Equal values in different hues are harmonious A range of values does not have to extend from the extremes of light to dark to be pleasing, nor does it have to be arranged in a linear progression. 6

7 The second premise, that middle values are harmonious, implies that hues at the extremes of light or dark are unpleasing. But remember that middle values include everything but the very ends of the value spectrum. The final premise, that equal values are harmonious, has two distinctly different aspects: First, hues of close or equal value can be pleasing when they are used as carried colors against a contrasting darker or lighter ground. You lose the forward and back impression that is associated with the contrast of dark and light, but the presence of many colors offers a different kind of interest and liveliness. 7

8 saturation and Harmony Color compositions tend to be most successful when the overall level of saturation is relatively constant. This doesn t mean that every color has the same saturation, but that the different saturations are balanced to produce an overall effect. When a single saturation is different and isolated, it tends to become the focal point. Surface and Harmony In the natural world, brilliant and subtly muted colors coexist. The colors of nature are also fragmented and could be better described as optical mixes than as flat color. Broken color, suggesting texture, invites a tactile response as well as a visual one. 8

9 Flat color has its own purpose and place in design. Where broken color suggest nature, hard-edged, flat colors are dramatic and compelling. The decision to use flat or broken color is a small but meaningful side trip on the road to successful color choices. Color harmony type: 9

10 Monochromatic: Uses variations in lightness and saturation of a single color. Uses a single hue Value and/or intensity Accents of neutrals Rooms appear larger 10

11 Analogous Similar hues. Adjacent to one another on the color wheel. One color is used as a dominant color while others are used to enrich the scheme Related hues Hues that are next to each other 3-5 hues are used 11

12 Complementary Two colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. Looks best when putting a warm color against a cool color Using two colors directly opposite each other Bright and dramatic Best if contrast is lessened 12

13 Split complementary One hue with two hues adjacent to its complement Contrasting colors Dominant color Triadic Uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel. Offers strong visual contrast while retaining balance, and color richness 3 colors equally distant from each other 13

14 Triadic (double complementary) Uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairs Two colors and their complements Four colors are used 14

15 Square 15

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