LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH"

Transcription

1 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years that a group of newborn babies could expect to live if they experience the current death rates throughout their lifetime. Life expectancy at birth is one of the most widely used and internationally recognized indicators of a population s long-term health and wellbeing. KEY FIGURES LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, NSW Male years Female Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal Difference How life expectancy is calculated Life expectancy summarises the mortality experience of a population by measuring how long, on average, a group of people born in the same year would be expected to live, if current death rates at each age remained the same. The probability of death is taken from the life tables 2 which establish the probability of death at any particular year of age, by sex. Reliable life expectancy data for Aboriginal Australians has only recently become possible, mainly due to improvements in deaths information. Life expectancy estimates are a simple average (mean) arrived at by adding up the projected years of life for every person in a birth year cohort and dividing it by the number of people born that year. Life expectancy is also calculated at each year of age. Thus, someone who is already 90 will live an extra two or three years, on average. Some of course, will live long enough to become centenarians. REMEMBER: There is no guarantee that a cohort will live to the ages specified, in the proportions predicted by current death rates. Common misconception about life expectancy Median age at death is not the same as life expectancy. The median age at death calculates the simple average of the age at death of all the people who died in the year. It thus reflects the deaths of people from many different age cohorts of past years. NOTE: Median age at death is not life expectancy. What affects life expectancy The life expectancy of Aboriginal people is potentially affected by outcomes across a wide range of areas where disadvantage is manifest. Disparities in life expectancy can be influenced by differences in income and education levels, access to high quality healthcare, social and support services, social factors, Australia Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal Difference Source: Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians ABS Cat. No WHAT DO THE DATA SHOW? The NSW life expectancy at birth estimates for were 70.5 years for Aboriginal males and 74.6 years for Aboriginal females. Life expectancy for Aboriginal people was higher in NSW than Australia. The gap in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal people in NSW was reduced by.2 years for males (to 9.3 years), and 0. years for females (to 8.5 years) between the comparison timeframes of and Between and , life expectancy improved for both Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal males and females in NSW. Life expectancy improved at a faster rate for Aboriginal people than Non-Aboriginal people during this time, and this resulted in a reduction in the life expectancy gap between the two groups. TERMINOLOGY Fact Sheet: Life Expectancy Estimates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, released with the ABS publication of the same name, ABS Cat. No Life tables are a statistical model used to represent the mortality of a population. The term Aboriginal is used in this publication recognising that Aboriginal people are the original inhabitants of New South Wales.

2 and environmental factors, such as overcrowded housing, lack of clean drinking water and inadequate sanitation. Aboriginal life expectancy can be increased by improving access to high quality health services, greater levels of preventative care, early diagnosis of diseases (such as diabetes), more effective treatment of chronic diseases and positive health behaviours. Positive cultural, social and economic factors all help to make healthy choices viable. Alternatively, poor community functioning, poverty, disadvantage and stress can lead to unhealthy behaviours. People from lower socioeconomic groups suffer from higher rates of ill health and death at younger ages. They are also more likely to experience a larger health gap due to risk factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, illicit drug use, insufficient physical activity, and poor nutrition which, in turn, contribute to higher rates of chronic disease. Chronic diseases (for example, circulatory diseases, diabetes, kidney diseases, respiratory diseases and cancer) contribute to two thirds of the health gap (ill health and mortality) between Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal people in Australia 3. Over time, life expectancy can be improved by the discovery of new drugs like penicillin, medical treatments like chemotherapy and by-pass surgery and environmental factors like restrictions placed on substances identified as causing serious illnesses. On the other hand, life expectancy can be adversely affected by the advent of new challenges like the spread of anti-biotic resistant bacterial diseases, new diseases like SARS, and increases in the level of obesity in the population. Proxies Because life expectancy is updated every five years, a range of variables which give some indication of where life expectancy might be heading in the interim, are used as proxies for it. All-cause mortality rates are used in the calculation of life expectancy estimates and are considered a reasonable proxy for it. Cause-specific and age-specific mortality rates are also informative. 4 Avoidable mortality and potentially preventable hospitalisations are indicators of Aboriginal people s timely and effective health care. Reducing avoidable deaths is a key component of improving Aboriginal life expectancy. 5 Prominent usages Life expectancy is one of the six Closing the Gap targets outlined in the National Indigenous Reform Agreement as well as being generally used as a proxy indicator of the overall well being of both the Aboriginal and Australian populations. LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, BY ABORIGINALITY AND SEX, NSW AUST Female Male Female Male EXPECTED YEARS OF LIFE Aboriginal Source: Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians ABS Cat. No HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES Non-Aboriginal Life expectancy for Aboriginal boys born in NSW has only recently exceeded the current retirement age of 65. Data for all men in Australia 6 shows this was achieved in the 940 s and, for all women, it was the 930 s. Unfortunately, the Life expectancy for Aboriginal boys born in the Northern Territory between 200 and 202 has not yet reached the current retirement age. 3 SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 20, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 20, Productivity Commission, Canberra, Section 4. Life expectancy. 4 National Indigenous Reform Agreement: Performance Report for , Volume 2, Performance data, page SCRGSP 20, Section 7.3 Avoidable mortality. 6 State life expectancy estimates weren t available between the and based estimates so Australian data has been used. Data for years when both are available show that NSW and Australian data are usually quite close. Source: Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2008, ABS Cat. No , Table 7., Life expectancy at birth by sex, states and territories, 88 onwards. 2

3 Latest data L I F E E X P E C TA N C Y AT B I RT H A N D L I F E E X P E C TA N C Y AT B I RT H D I F F E R E N C E S B Y A B O R I G I N A L I T Y Jurisdictions for which life expectancy Aboriginal and Torres Non-Aboriginal Difference between estimates for Aboriginal people are Strait Islander Non-Aboriginal and available A Aboriginal life expectancy at Birth B Male Female Male Female Male Female Revised C estimate NSW Qld WA NT Australia (for State comparison) D Australia (headline rate) E estimate NSW Qld WA NT Australia (for State comparison) D Australia (headline rate) E years Source: Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians ABS Cat. No released 5 Nov. 203 Notes: A) Life expectancy estimates for Aboriginal people are not available for Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the ACT as the populations of Aboriginal people who live there are too small to produce valid estimates, using current methods and data sources. B) Based on unrounded estimates. C) The figures have also been revised by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in response to data improvements, and should always replace previously released data for this period. The ABS did produce earlier estimates of life expectancy for Aboriginal Australians for the period but these estimates were too unreliable for use. After much study and follow up activities aimed at improved recording of deaths data for Aboriginal Australians, the ABS relaunched life expectancy estimates for Aboriginal Australians based on data and again, based on data. D) These estimates are not the headline estimates for Australia, because they are calculated without an age-adjustment, but are provided to enable effective comparison with state and territory estimates. E) Headline estimates for Australia are calculated using an improved methodology (taking into account age-specific identification rates) that could not be applied at the state and territory or remoteness area levels. Therefore these data should not be compared with data for any state or territory, or remoteness area. NEW DATA AVAILABLE? New life expectancy estimates will normally be developed by the ABS as one of the final releases related to the most recent census. Thus, unless there are significant developments in data quality of component datasets like deaths, the next set of estimates will be released about 2 years after the 206 census, based on deaths in

4 International comparisons : Other Anglo-settler 7 countries The comparison of life expectancy of Indigenous peoples across countries is problematic for a range of reasons, including differing methodologies, reference periods and definitions of a person s indigenous or ethnic status. There are also issues associated with the accurate measurement of deaths of indigenous persons and indigenous populations. As a result, life expectancy estimates between countries are not directly comparable. In Canada, the most recently available estimates of life expectancy are for four Inuit-inhabited areas where 80% of the combined populations of these areas are Inuit. The estimates do not distinguish between life expectancy for Inuit and non-inuit people but use total life expectancy for these areas as an overall indicator. Life expectancy at birth in Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada for 200 ( ) was 64.4 years for males and 69.8 years for females (Statistics Canada, 203). In New Zealand, a definition based on ethnicity is used in producing life tables for the Maori and non-maori populations. Ethnicity in this context relates to the ethnic group or groups that people identify with, or perceive they belong to. For , life expectancy at birth was 72.8 years for Maori males and 76.5 years for Maori females (Statistics New Zealand, 203). In the USA, the National Centre for Health Statistics publishes life tables and life expectancy estimates for black, white and all US residents but not for their First Nations peoples. Life expectancy Source: A) Statistics Canada 2008, Life Expectancy of the Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada, 989 to 2003, Health Reports, XWE, Vol. 9, No., B) Statistics New Zealand 203, New Zealand Period Life Tables, 200-2, C) United States Indian Health Service D) United States National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), CDC, NCHS, Healthy People, 200 estimates for American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes are published by the United States Indian Health Service. Life expectancy at birth for American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes was 73.5 in the period There are noticeable gaps between the life expectancy of First Nations Peoples in Canada, New Zealand and the United States Of America and the rest of their national populations. OTHER ANGLO-SETTLER COUNTRIES Country Reference Males Females Total period Canada A Canadian Inuit All Canadians New Zealand B Maori All New Zealanders United States of America American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes C Black D White D All United States residents D As described in Comparing life expectancy of Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States, Conceptual, methodological and data issues, May 20, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra Cat. no. IHW 47. 4

5 International comparisons 2: United Nations estimates for countries The United Nations calculates life expectancy estimates 8, using data supplied by member countries in order to report for countries, regions and for the world in total. Individual countries including Australia produce life expectancy estimates using a wide variety of methods which the UN replaces with a single method. In the case of Australia, the differences include the UN producing estimates based on five years of deaths data rather than three years used by the ABS. 9 The UN does not produce life expectancy data by Aboriginality or for regions within countries like the states and territories of Australia. However, the UN life expectancy estimate for Australians is quite close to the ABS estimate; enough to allow comparison with the ABS sourced life expectancy estimates for Aboriginal people in NSW and Australia within life expectancy bands derived from the ABS confidence intervals. A B O R I G I N A L A U S T R A L I A N S A N D U N I T E D N AT I O N S L I F E E X P E C TA N C Y E S T I M AT E S F O R C O U N T R I E S Population Life expectancy A 95% CI range UN countries comparability range B Start of range End of range NSW UN Range Aboriginal males Tonga (69.05) Montenegro (7.97) Aboriginal females Russia (73.7) El Salvador (75.89) Australia UN Range Aboriginal males Fiji (66.09) Samoa (68.62) Aboriginal females Philippines (7.29) Azerbaijan (73.4) All Australians (UN) UN Rank Males nd behind Iceland and in front of China Females th behind Japan, China, Spain, France, Switzerland and Italy Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (203). World Population Prospects: The 202 Revision, DVD Edition. Notes: A) The reference period for life expectancy estimates for Aboriginal Australians, produced by the ABS, was The reference period for life expectancy estimates produced by the United nations for all countries was B) The use of CI ranges, calculated by the ABS for its own estimates, to delineate ranges of UN produced life expectancy estimates for countries is an approximate method only. Its use is predicated on the theory that because the ABS and UN estimates for both Australian males and females are close then the CI ranges for components of the ABS produced Australian estimates will provide a reasonable guide as to the range of countries with comparable life expectancy. 8 The UN has two separate sets of life expectancy data, first, historical information from 950 to , for 20 countries for which life expectancy estimates are produced, and, second, a more restricted set of 62 countries for which life expectancy projections are produced ( through to ). Life expectancy projections are only produced for countries which have maximum adult HIV prevalence (980-20) of less than 2%. 9 The ABS notes that, because of these differences, life expectancy estimates produced by countries are not directly comparable. However, since the UN produces their life expectancy estimates on a consistent basis, country to country comparisons are acceptable. 5

6 Technical 0 The ABS used population data from the Census and Post Enumeration Survey, and death registrations data to estimate Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal life expectancy at birth for and The ABS concluded that the indirect method used to calculate Aboriginal life expectancies was no longer adequate and that previously published estimates may have been too low (although the disparity in outcomes between Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal people would still be substantial). However, the ABS advised that it was not possible to recalculate Aboriginal identification rates in deaths data from earlier periods. After consulting with experts and data users, the ABS developed a new method for adjusting registered Aboriginal deaths. This method used the 2006 Census Data Enhancement Aboriginal Mortality Quality Study (and equivalent from 20) data to derive factors for adjusting registered Aboriginal deaths. The adjusted deaths were then used to compile Aboriginal life tables and life expectancy estimates. Despite the ABS s efforts to improve the accuracy of Aboriginal life expectancy estimates, the underlying population and death registrations data have limitations. Therefore, life expectancy estimates are developmental and have confidence intervals that reflect these limitations. Differences between the estimated life expectancies for Aboriginal males and females, and for Aboriginal people in different states and territories should be interpreted with care. These estimates are sensitive to the demographic assumptions and differing quality of death registration data across states and territories. Further information Life expectancy trends in Australian Social Trends, March 20, ABS Cat. No ; Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, , ABS Cat. No released 5 Nov. 203 as well as the Fact Sheet issued under the same Cat. No. Also see Life expectancy and mortality of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, May 20, Cat. No. IHW 5, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare although the data has been superseded the explanations are useful. Data quality assessments and measures The ABS calculates sample error for Aboriginal life expectancy based on the sample error data from the Post Enumeration Survey conducted after the most recent Census. The ABS also assesses the sensitivity of the assumptions made in calculating life expectancy, especially concerning the completeness of deaths data. When combined, these two measures of data quality form the 95% confidence interval for Aboriginal life expectancy published by the ABS in Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, ABS Cat. No , Appendix : Confidence Intervals in Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Enquiries Department of Education and Communities: Aboriginal Affairs, Research and Evaluation unit For more information about this or other Topic Guides or telephone (02) SCGRPS 20, Section 4. Life expectancy, page 4.6 ISSN X September 204 6

1.17 Life expectancy at birth

1.17 Life expectancy at birth 1.17 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period. Data sources Life expectancy estimates for the years 2005 2007 presented

More information

1.14 Life expectancy at birth

1.14 Life expectancy at birth 1.14 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period Data sources Life expectancy estimates presented in this measure are from

More information

1.17 Life expectancy at birth

1.17 Life expectancy at birth 1.17 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period. Data sources Life expectancy estimates for the years 2005 2007 presented

More information

1.18 Infant mortality

1.18 Infant mortality 1.18 Infant mortality The number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who die in the first year of life, expressed as a rate (per 1,000 live births) for that period Data sources Data for this

More information

National Life Tables, United Kingdom: 2012 2014

National Life Tables, United Kingdom: 2012 2014 Statistical bulletin National Life Tables, United Kingdom: 2012 2014 Trends for the UK and constituent countries in the average number of years people will live beyond their current age measured by "period

More information

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction Statistical Bulletin National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013 Coverage: UK Date: 25 September 2014 Geographical Area: Country Theme: Population Key Points A newborn baby boy could expect to live

More information

NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW

NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW OCTOBER 2007 ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES Key Points: The Territory supports the

More information

The Health and Well-being of the Aboriginal Population in British Columbia

The Health and Well-being of the Aboriginal Population in British Columbia The Health and Well-being of the Aboriginal Population in British Columbia Interim Update February 27 Table of Contents Terminology...1 Health Status of Aboriginal People in BC... 2 Challenges in Vital

More information

Life expectancy and mortality

Life expectancy and mortality Life expectancy and mortality 6 109 Key points Life expectancy In 2010 2012, estimated life expectancy at birth was: 69.1 years for Indigenous males 10.6 years lower than for non-indigenous males (79.7

More information

1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth

1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth 1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth The number of decayed, missing and filled deciduous infant teeth (dmft) and the number of decayed, missing and filled permanent adult teeth (DMFT), for Aboriginal and

More information

Statistical Profile. Aboriginal Women and Torres Strait Islander Women

Statistical Profile. Aboriginal Women and Torres Strait Islander Women Statistical Profile Aboriginal Women and Torres Strait Islander Women June 2 National Policy Office Policy Paper Series ATSIC s National Policy Office was established in July 2. Policy analysis and advice

More information

2.20 Risky and high-risk alcohol consumption

2.20 Risky and high-risk alcohol consumption 2.20 Risky and high-risk alcohol consumption The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples who consume alcohol at risky or high-risk levels Data sources Data for this measure come from

More information

Healthway s Position on Obesity and Overweight

Healthway s Position on Obesity and Overweight Please note that as part of Healthway s transition to new legislation, a review of aspects of our work is underway to ensure that we continue to apply an evidence based approach supported by appropriate

More information

When can Indigenous Territorians retire? Impacts from increasing the age pension qualifying age.

When can Indigenous Territorians retire? Impacts from increasing the age pension qualifying age. Research Brief Issue 1, 2015 When can Indigenous Territorians retire? Impacts from increasing the age pension qualifying age. Huw Brokensha Dr Andrew Taylor Demography and Growth Planning, Northern Institute

More information

Closing the Gap Life Expectancy

Closing the Gap Life Expectancy 14 April 2010 This Q & A factsheet is part of a series Reconciliation Australia is producing aimed at informing the community and stimulating conversations about the issues that affect us all. Closing

More information

3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated

3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated 3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated disciplines The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for

More information

Research Summary Disease trends. By Dr Anna Peeters VicHealth Research Fellow

Research Summary Disease trends. By Dr Anna Peeters VicHealth Research Fellow Research Summary Disease trends By Dr Anna Peeters VicHealth Research Fellow Disease trends November 2007 Australians are living much longer so it is now time to pay attention to the quality of our extra

More information

1.1 Health and illness

1.1 Health and illness 1.1 Health and illness What is health? Health, or being in good health, is important to everyone. It influences not just how we feel, but how we function and participate in the community. The concepts

More information

Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups and populations

Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups and populations Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups and populations Cardiovascular disease series No. 38 CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE SERIES Number 38 Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups

More information

1 Introduction. Mortality over the twentieth century. Why take a century-long view?

1 Introduction. Mortality over the twentieth century. Why take a century-long view? 1 Introduction Mortality over the twentieth century There have been many advances in the health of Australians over recent decades. These were recently summarised in the latest biennial health report of

More information

ENHANCED REPORTING OF DEATHS AMONG ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLES USING LINKED ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH DATASETS

ENHANCED REPORTING OF DEATHS AMONG ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLES USING LINKED ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH DATASETS ENHANCED REPORTING OF DEATHS AMONG ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLES USING LINKED ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH DATASETS BACKGROUND Improving the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

More information

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus i Contents Introduction... 1 What is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Worker?... 2 How are Aboriginal and Torres

More information

Information Bulletin AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. Justine Doherty

Information Bulletin AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. Justine Doherty Information Bulletin OFFICE OF CRIME STATISTICS No 32 April 2002 AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Justine Doherty ATTORNEY-GENERAL S DEPARTMENT Introduction

More information

Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007

Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions, 2007 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. PHE 155 The Australian

More information

All I want is a life free from violence

All I want is a life free from violence All I want is a life free from violence In 2015 the National Children s Commissioner conducted a national investigation into the impact of family and domestic violence on children. The United Nations Convention

More information

Diabetes prevalence in Australia

Diabetes prevalence in Australia DIABETES SERIES Number 17 Diabetes prevalence in Australia Detailed estimates for 2007 08 July 2011 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. CVD 56 The Australian Institute of Health

More information

Mortality in the Northern Territory

Mortality in the Northern Territory Mortality in the Northern Territory 1981-2000 Part 1: Key Indicators & Overview Shu Qin Li Steven Guthridge Health Gains Planning Department of Health and Community Services Northern Territory 2004 This

More information

Rural and Remote Australia

Rural and Remote Australia Approved:2014 Due for review:2017 Rural and Remote Australia Background According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), the health of Australians living in rural and remote areas is

More information

Socioeconomic status is widely recognised to have an impact on health outcomes.

Socioeconomic status is widely recognised to have an impact on health outcomes. Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Introduction Understanding the health status of the South Australians, requires a knowledge of the different characteristics of our communities and what

More information

Early childhood, education and training preface attachment

Early childhood, education and training preface attachment Preamble BA Early childhood, education and training preface attachment Tables in this attachment are sourced from the Early childhood, education and training (ECET) preface attachment of the 2011 Report

More information

Position paper on the Federal Budget 2015

Position paper on the Federal Budget 2015 Position paper on the Federal Budget 2015 Context Closing the gap in health equality between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians is an agreed national priority. On this

More information

Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers

Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. IHW 138 The Australian Institute of Health

More information

information CIRCULAR Coronary heart disease in Queensland Michael Coory, Health Information Centre, Information & Business Management Branch Summary

information CIRCULAR Coronary heart disease in Queensland Michael Coory, Health Information Centre, Information & Business Management Branch Summary 21 Queensland Government Queensland Health Health Information Centre information CIRCULAR Coronary heart disease in Queensland Michael Coory, Health Information Centre, Information & Business Management

More information

11 Primary and community health

11 Primary and community health 11 Primary and community health CONTENTS Indigenous data in the primary and community health chapter 236 Profile of primary and community health 237 Community health services 237 Dental services 237 Size

More information

Indicator 7: Mortality

Indicator 7: Mortality Mortality Cancer of the cervix is one of the few cancers for which there is an efficacious screening test for detection of the disease at an early stage, and most deaths due to cervical cancer are potentially

More information

NATIONAL HEALTHCARE AGREEMENT 2012

NATIONAL HEALTHCARE AGREEMENT 2012 NATIONAL HEALTHCARE AGREEMENT 2012 Council of Australian Governments An agreement between the Commonwealth of Australia and the States and Territories, being: t t t t t t t t the State of New South Wales;

More information

8.8 Emergency departments: at the front line

8.8 Emergency departments: at the front line 8.8 Emergency departments: at the front line Emergency departments are a critical component of the health system because they provide care for patients who have life-threatening or other conditions that

More information

State of Public Health 2013

State of Public Health 2013 State of Public Health 2013 Tobacco Control Nutrition Radiation Protection Water Quality Alcohol Policy Food Security Healthy Workers Vaccination Literacy Mental Health Screening Healthy Children Urban

More information

4 MORTALITY. Key points. Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie

4 MORTALITY. Key points. Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie 4 MORTALITY Bridget Robson, Gordon Purdie Key points There were 2,650 deaths a year on average among Màori during 2000 2004. A third occurred in middle age (45 64 years) and 40% among those aged 65 years

More information

Dementia Estimates and Projections: Queensland and its Regions

Dementia Estimates and Projections: Queensland and its Regions October 2007 Dementia Estimates and Projections: Queensland and its Regions Report by Access Economics Pty Limited for Alzheimer's Australia (Qld) CONTENTS Executive summary...i 1. Background...1 2. Prevalence

More information

Births and Deaths. September 2006 quarter. Highlights. Embargoed until 10:45am 20 November In the September 2006 year:

Births and Deaths. September 2006 quarter. Highlights. Embargoed until 10:45am 20 November In the September 2006 year: Image description. Hot Off The Press. End of image description. Births and Deaths September 2006 quarter Highlights In the September 2006 year: Embargoed until 10:45am 20 November 2006 There were 59,120

More information

5 Diseases of the circulatory system

5 Diseases of the circulatory system 5 Diseases of the circulatory system Chapter highlights Diseases of the circulatory system were responsible for about 37% of all deaths, and for about 40% and 25% of excess deaths in regional and remote

More information

Trends in injury deaths, Australia

Trends in injury deaths, Australia Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999 00 to 2009 10 Injury research and statistics series No. 74 INJURY RESEARCH AND STATISTICS SERIES Number 74 Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999 00 to 2009 10

More information

Foreword. Dr Gerry FitzGerald Chief Health Officer

Foreword. Dr Gerry FitzGerald Chief Health Officer 1 Foreword This State of Health report is the third in a series, expanding on its predecessor State of Health 21 which was produced to support the Health 22 agenda. It provides an overview of trends in

More information

INDIGENOUS POPULATION PROJECTIONS, NSW, 2006 TO 2021

INDIGENOUS POPULATION PROJECTIONS, NSW, 2006 TO 2021 INDIGENOUS POPULATION PROJECTIONS, NSW, 2006 TO 2021 BY NSW ABORIGINAL LAND COUNCIL REGIONS SEPTEMBER 2008 NSW Aboriginal Land Council, 2008 ISBN 978-0-646-50156-7 National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication

More information

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction A Statistical appendix A.1 Introduction This appendix contains contextual information to assist the interpretation of the performance indicators presented in the Report. The following four key factors

More information

Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people February 2011

Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people February 2011 Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people February 2011 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. IHW 40 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is Australia

More information

Queensland Government Statistician s Office Queensland Treasury and Trade

Queensland Government Statistician s Office Queensland Treasury and Trade Population growth highlights and trends, Queensland 2014 Queensland Government Statistician s Office Queensland Treasury and Trade http://www.oesr.qld.gov.au The State of Queensland (Queensland Treasury

More information

Who cares? - Profiling carers in the Northern Territory

Who cares? - Profiling carers in the Northern Territory Research Brief Issue 03, 2015 Who cares? - Profiling carers in the Northern Territory Hannah Payer Huw Brokensha Dr. Andrew Taylor Demography and Growth Planning, Northern Institute hannah.payer@cdu.edu.au

More information

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Aspects of Sport and Recreation

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Aspects of Sport and Recreation Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Aspects of Sport and Recreation A report prepared for the Standing Committee on Recreation and Sport Research Group by the National Centre for Culture and

More information

Basic Health Statistics. Porcupine Health Unit

Basic Health Statistics. Porcupine Health Unit Basic Health Statistics Porcupine Health Unit 2012 . Basic Health Statistics Porcupine Health Unit 2012 . Table of Contents Demographics...7 a. Population Size...7 Figure 1: Percentage change in the Population

More information

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES Council of Australian Governments A Strategy agreed between: the Commonwealth of Australia and the States and Territories, being: the

More information

OLDER AUSTRALIAN FACT SHEET

OLDER AUSTRALIAN FACT SHEET OLDER AUSTRALIAN FACT SHEET A STATISTICAL PORTRAIT OF THE OLDER AUSTRALIAN There is a tendency to look at the older population as a homogenous group, imagining that those over the age of sixty-five are

More information

Health Indicators of Inuit Nunangat within the Canadian Context and

Health Indicators of Inuit Nunangat within the Canadian Context and Health Indicators of Inuit Nunangat within the Canadian Context 1994-1998 and 1999-2003 Produced by Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. This report uses data generated by Statistics Canada and Health Canada s First

More information

Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012

Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012 This report outlines the workforce characteristics of nurses and midwives in 2012. Between 2008 and 2012, the number of nurses and midwives employed in nursing or midwifery increased by 7.5%, from 269,909

More information

Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare

Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs - References Committee Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare May 2014 Out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare

More information

Principles on the use of direct age-standardisation in administrative data collections

Principles on the use of direct age-standardisation in administrative data collections Principles on the use of direct age-standardisation in administrative data collections For measuring the gap between Indigenous and non-indigenous Australians September 2011 Australian Institute of Health

More information

Aboriginal health in Victoria

Aboriginal health in Victoria Aboriginal health in Victoria Research summary Identifying the determinants of physical and mental health VicHealth is committed to helping close the health gap between Aboriginal and non-aboriginal Victorians.

More information

Curriculum Vitae Geoffrey Charles (Geoff) Sims

Curriculum Vitae Geoffrey Charles (Geoff) Sims Curriculum Vitae Geoffrey Charles (Geoff) Sims Personal Full Name Citizenship Ethnic origin Geoffrey Charles Sims Australian Not of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. Business Position Director/Principal

More information

Paul Jarris MD MBA Executive Director Association of State and Territorial Health Officials

Paul Jarris MD MBA Executive Director Association of State and Territorial Health Officials Paul Jarris MD MBA Executive Director Association of State and Territorial Health Officials Crisis The U.S. spends 16% of GDP on health care more than any other country in the world Journal of Public Health

More information

MEDIA RELEASE 4 th FEBRUARY 2013

MEDIA RELEASE 4 th FEBRUARY 2013 MEDIA RELEASE 4 th FEBRUARY 2013 A new landmark report being launched today at Parliament House shows that $111,000 can be saved per year per offender by diverting non-violent Indigenous offenders with

More information

bulletin 126 Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012 Summary Bulletin 126 NOVEMBER 2014

bulletin 126 Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012 Summary Bulletin 126 NOVEMBER 2014 Bulletin 126 NOVEMBER 2014 Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012 Summary bulletin 126 Life expectancy measures how many years on average a person can expect to live, if

More information

research report 53 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian Main findings

research report 53 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian Main findings AIHW Dental Statistics and Research Unit Research report 53 July 2011 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian children from

More information

Foreword. Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes. Indigenous Early Childhood Development. Indigenous Economic Participation.

Foreword. Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes. Indigenous Early Childhood Development. Indigenous Economic Participation. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workforce Strategic Framework 2011 2015 Prepared for The Australian Health Ministers Advisory Council by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

More information

Southern Grampians & Glenelg Shires COMMUNITY PROFILE

Southern Grampians & Glenelg Shires COMMUNITY PROFILE Southern Grampians & Glenelg Shires COMMUNITY PROFILE Contents: 1. Health Status 2. Health Behaviours 3. Public Health Issues 4. References This information was last updated on 14 February 2007 1. Health

More information

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011 12

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011 12 Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011 12 Drug treatment series No. 21 DRUG TREATMENT SERIES NUMBER 21 Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011 12 Australian Institute

More information

The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) monitors and. t r e n d s & i s s u e s

The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) monitors and. t r e n d s & i s s u e s No. 217 Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-related Police Operations, 2000 Lisa Collins and Jenny Mouzos A U S T R A L I A N I N S T I T U T E O F C R I M I N O L O G Y t r e n d s & i s s u e s

More information

Leading Causes of Death Profile

Leading Causes of Death Profile Leading Causes of Death Profile St. Louis County, Missouri Mortality is an indicator of the health of a population. Cause of death ranking is the standard method that is useful for illustrating the relative

More information

9. Substance Abuse. pg 166-169: Self-reported alcohol consumption. pg 170-171: Childhood experience of living with someone who used drugs

9. Substance Abuse. pg 166-169: Self-reported alcohol consumption. pg 170-171: Childhood experience of living with someone who used drugs 9. pg 166-169: Self-reported alcohol consumption pg 170-171: Childhood experience of living with someone who used drugs pg 172-173: Hospitalizations related to alcohol and substance abuse pg 174-179: Accidental

More information

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11 State and territory findings

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11 State and territory findings Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11 State and territory findings DRUG TREATMENT SERIES NO. 19 DRUG TREATMENT SERIES Number 19 Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia

More information

Asthma among older people in Australia

Asthma among older people in Australia Asthma among older people in Australia May 2010 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. ACM 19 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is Australia s national health and welfare

More information

Fine, but not fair: A report on Australia s health and health care system

Fine, but not fair: A report on Australia s health and health care system : A report on Australia s health and health care system snapshotseries#1 january2009 Write. Edit. Publish. Teach. Consult. about RaggAhmed RaggAhmed is a national health and communications consultancy.

More information

Mesothelioma in Australia: Incidence (1982 to 2013) and Mortality (1997 to 2012)

Mesothelioma in Australia: Incidence (1982 to 2013) and Mortality (1997 to 2012) Mesothelioma in Australia: Incidence (1982 to 213) and Mortality (1997 to 212) 215 Disclaimer The information provided in this document can only assist you in the most general way. This document does not

More information

NSW Public Service Commissioner NSW Health Good Health Great Jobs Stepping Up Forum 2015

NSW Public Service Commissioner NSW Health Good Health Great Jobs Stepping Up Forum 2015 NSW Public Service Commissioner NSW Health Good Health Great Jobs Stepping Up Forum 2015 Our Aboriginal workforce The Australian Bureau of Statistics figures from 2011 estimate that 2.9% of the NSW population

More information

3 Early childhood education and care

3 Early childhood education and care 3 Early childhood education and care CONTENTS 3.1 Profile of early childhood education and care 3.2 3.2 Framework of performance indicators 3.13 3.3 Key performance indicator results 3.16 3.4 Future directions

More information

Th s Health and Wellbeing Needs

Th s Health and Wellbeing Needs Hull Clinical Commissioning Group l l u H f o y r o t S e Th s Health and Wellbeing Needs and it A Summary of Hull's Joint Strategic Needs Assessment 2012 Together we can influence the outcome of this

More information

Adolescence (13 19 years)

Adolescence (13 19 years) AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE This section focuses on adolescents (13 19 year olds). Teenagers are in transition between childhood and adulthood, and their increasing independence brings about

More information

Offenders and their families - making a difference CRISIS CARE COMMITMENT

Offenders and their families - making a difference CRISIS CARE COMMITMENT Offenders and their families - making a difference CRISIS CARE COMMITMENT Red Cross is committed to an inclusive society where all people are valued, their differences are respected and their basic needs

More information

Chapter 3. The economic and social costs of imprisonment

Chapter 3. The economic and social costs of imprisonment Introduction Chapter 3 The economic and social costs of imprisonment 3.1 This chapter examines the economic and social costs of imprisonment. As prison populations increase, so do infrastructure costs

More information

August 2009. Evaluation of Primary Health Care Funding to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Services

August 2009. Evaluation of Primary Health Care Funding to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Services August 2009 Evaluation of Primary Health Care Funding to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Services August 2009 Evaluation of Primary Health Care Funding to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

More information

The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. an overview

The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. an overview The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people an overview 211 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is Australia s national health and welfare statistics and

More information

2009 Adult Vaccination Survey

2009 Adult Vaccination Survey 2009 Adult Vaccination Survey Summary results March 2011 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. PHE 135 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is Australia s national health

More information

Years of Healthy Life and Life Expectancy: Pierce County, Washington

Years of Healthy Life and Life Expectancy: Pierce County, Washington of Healthy Life and Life Expectancy: Pierce County, Washington August, 2011 A. Klementiev Epidemiologist Office of Assessment, Planning, and Improvement Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department Pierce County,

More information

Ovarian cancer in Australia

Ovarian cancer in Australia CANCER SERIES Number 52 Ovarian cancer in Australia An overview, 2010 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Centre February 2010 Australian Institute of Health

More information

Policy Document Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Policy

Policy Document Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Policy Policy Document Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Policy Background The Australian Medical Students Association (AMSA) is the peak representative body of Australia s medical students. AMSA believes

More information

What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women?

What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women? What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women? Fiona Dowsley Director Social and Progress Reporting Australian Bureau of Statistics 13 th May 2013 Sydney, Australia In this

More information

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Editorial committee: Dr Paul Kelly Joanne Greenfield Cathy Baker Louise Freebairn Carol Kee

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Editorial committee: Dr Paul Kelly Joanne Greenfield Cathy Baker Louise Freebairn Carol Kee Australian Capital Territory Chief Health Officer s Report 2014 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This publication has been prepared by the Epidemiology Section, Population Health Division of ACT Health for the ACT Minister

More information

National Key Performance Indicators

National Key Performance Indicators National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care First national results June 212 to June 213 National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and

More information

Australian Health System How is it structured? Presentation to Indonesian Delegation. Prof. Michael Reid June 2014

Australian Health System How is it structured? Presentation to Indonesian Delegation. Prof. Michael Reid June 2014 Australian Health System How is it structured? Presentation to Indonesian Delegation Prof. Michael Reid June 2014 Economy Australia Overview and Key Facts Australia has a market economy, the thirteenth

More information

Stop smoking in its tracks: understanding smoking by rural Aboriginal women

Stop smoking in its tracks: understanding smoking by rural Aboriginal women Stop smoking in its tracks: understanding smoking by rural Aboriginal women Megan Passey 1, Jenny Gale, Brenda Holt, Catherine Leatherday, Careena Roberts, Delta Kay, Laurel Rogers, Virginia Paden 1 University

More information

Rural Health Reform Policy RESEARCH CENTER

Rural Health Reform Policy RESEARCH CENTER Rural Health Reform Policy RESEARCH CENTER Rural-Urban Disparities in Heart Disease Policy Brief #1 from The 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook Alana Knudson, PhD; Michael Meit, MA, MPH; Shena Popat,

More information

ROYAL AUSTRALASIAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS Subject: Indigenous Health Ref. No. FES-FEL-001

ROYAL AUSTRALASIAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS Subject: Indigenous Health Ref. No. FES-FEL-001 BACKGROUND The College recognises that the health of our Indigenous populations in Australia and Aotearora / New Zealand is a public health problem of serious proportions. The College further recognises

More information

The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2005 Dennis Trewin Australian Statistician Richard Madden Director Australian Institute of Health and Welfare AUSTRALIAN

More information

Daily. Weekly. Less than weekly. Ex-smoker. Never smoked

Daily. Weekly. Less than weekly. Ex-smoker. Never smoked 3. Tobacco smoking Smoking is a major contributor to mortality and ill-health of Australians. In Australia, approximately 19,000 deaths annually are attributable to smoking-related causes. In 1997 98,

More information

2016 HEALTH PROFILE: TULALIP BAY & THE NORTH COAST. An examination of the social determinants of health in Snohomish County

2016 HEALTH PROFILE: TULALIP BAY & THE NORTH COAST. An examination of the social determinants of health in Snohomish County 2016 HEALTH PROFILE: TULALIP BAY & THE NORTH COAST An examination of the social determinants of health in TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Demographics Socioeconomic Characteristics Education Health Outcomes

More information

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11 Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010 11 Report on the National Minimum Data Set DRUG TREATMENT SERIES NO. 18 DRUG TREATMENT SERIES Number 18 Alcohol and other drug treatment services

More information

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR PERFORMANCE REPORTING

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR PERFORMANCE REPORTING CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR PERFORMANCE REPORTING This conceptual framework supports performance reporting under the Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations. The framework was prepared

More information

people in Redfern and Waterloo. Problems with alcohol abuse stem from the interaction of

people in Redfern and Waterloo. Problems with alcohol abuse stem from the interaction of ^ ^ Re: Inquiry into the harmful use of alcohol in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities Alcohol is the most widely used psychoactive drug in Australia Alcohol use leads to substantial harms

More information

Health Disparities in New Orleans

Health Disparities in New Orleans Health Disparities in New Orleans New Orleans is a city facing significant health challenges. New Orleans' health-related challenges include a high rate of obesity, a high rate of people without health

More information

Population Health Research Strategy Population Health Division ACT Health

Population Health Research Strategy Population Health Division ACT Health Population Health Research Strategy 2012-2015 Population Health Division ACT Health 1. Foreword The shift in policy direction towards prevention and early intervention, and the associated funding for preventive

More information