Socioeconomic status is widely recognised to have an impact on health outcomes.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Socioeconomic status is widely recognised to have an impact on health outcomes."

Transcription

1 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Introduction Understanding the health status of the South Australians, requires a knowledge of the different characteristics of our communities and what drives their health and wellbeing. Personal and community health status is widely recognised to be linked to social and economic capital. Differences in a range of factors including income, employment, education, housing, and social environment can produce inequalities in health outcomes. This chapter provides an outline of South Australia s demographic profile and provides information on important health determinants of the South Australian population. The first section of Chapter 1, Population, outlines information about South Australia s population and specific groups within it. These groups include Aboriginal, culturally and linguistically diverse, migrant, refugee and carer populations. Also presented in this section is how South Australia s population has changed over time and projections of how it may change in the future. The second section of Chapter 1, Determinants of Health, considers the social environment of South Australia by focusing on a range of determinants of health: Socioeconomic status is widely recognised to have an impact on health outcomes. Education can influence a person's health through participation in employment, income and access to health care. The longer an individual spends in education and the higher their attainment, the better their overall health and wellbeing is likely to be. Income levels can affect the way that people live, the quality of their home environment, and the ability for parents to provide the care they want for their children. A relationship between income and health exists across many health indicators. Economy and employment can benefit health in a number of ways, including social contact, living conditions, access to income, and mental wellbeing. Unemployment rates, claimants of job seekers allowance, jobless families, financial stress and occupation are considered in this section. Private health expenditure is a demand for health insurance supplementary to the Medicare system. Housing and households are cornerstones of good health and wellbeing. Overcrowded and poorly built housing with a lack of amenities are major contributors to poor health. Housing stress and affordability, homelessness, living alone, and access to a computer, the internet and transportation can all impact health. Religious affiliation can have protective effects for well-being. Community safety and perceptions of safety can have an effect on quality of life. This section presents South Australians' feelings of safety and some information about experiences of violence. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 1

2 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Demographic Profile of South Australia Population The resident population of South Australia is 1.6 million people, at 1.7 persons per square kilometre. Three-quarters of the population live in metropolitan Adelaide [1-1 and 1-2]. Between 2006 and 2011 the South Australian population increased by 5.6%, predominantly in the Outer Adelaide Statistical Division. Across the State, population increase was observed mainly in the older (particularly 60 years and over) age groups. South Australia's population is projected to increase by 11.6% between 2011 and 2021 [1-3 and 1-4]. In terms of population composition, South Australia has a relatively older population compared to Australia, with 16.1% of South Australians aged 65 years and over. Aboriginal persons living in South Australia account for 1.9% of the South Australian population, and represent 5.5% of the Australia's Aboriginal population [1-5]. Over one in five South Australians were born overseas, and 12.7% of South Australians were born in predominantly non-english speaking countries. 14.4% of South Australians do not speak English as a main language at home, while 2.5% of the South Australian population cannot speak English well or not at all [1-6]. Net Overseas Migration accounts for nearly two-thirds of South Australia's population growth, the second highest nationally [1-7]. 13.4% of South Australians are carers providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others. This is the highest proportion nationally [1-8]. Socioeconomic Status South Australia recorded the third highest proportion of the population in the quintile of highest socioeconomic disadvantage [1-9]. Education Less than half of South Australians aged 15 years and over completed Year 12 or equivalent as their highest year of school, below the national average and third lowest nationally. Less than a quarter of Aboriginal South Australians aged 15 years and over completed Year 12 or equivalent as their highest year of school, also below the national average and third lowest nationally [ and ]. 10.9% of South Australians aged years are participating in vocational education and training (VET). This is below the national average and third lowest nationally. Conversely, the proportion of Aboriginal South Australians aged 16 years and over participating in VET is the second highest nationally [ and ]. Less than a quarter of South Australians aged years have a Bachelor Degree or above. This is below the national average and second lowest nationally, although the trend is increasing [ ]. More than half of South Australians aged years score below Level 3 for health literacy, regarded as the minimum required for individuals to meet the complex demands of everyday life and work in the emerging knowledge-based economy [1-10-6]. Income The mean equivalised disposable household income (reflecting the requirement for a larger household to have a higher level of income to achieve the same standard of living as a smaller household) in South Australia is $798 per week, the second lowest nationally [1-11-1]. More than one in five South Australian children are living in welfare dependent and other low income families, a rate higher than the national average and third highest nationally [1-11-2]. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 2

3 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Economy and Employment 5.6% of South Australians aged 15 years and over are unemployed, a rate higher than the national average and second highest nationally. The rate of unemployment is correlated with socioeconomic status and more than half of job-seekers were long-term [ to ]. 15.6% of all families in South Australia with children under 15 years are families with no parents in employment [1-12-4]. Nearly one in five households in South Australia experienced four or more indicators of financial stress in the previous 12 months [1-12-5]. Almost half of South Australian Aboriginal households are unable to raise $2000 in a week in an emergency, an indicator of household financial stress. 31.4% of South Australian Aboriginal households had run out of money for basic living expenses [1-12-6]. Professional occupations are the most prevalent in South Australia, with just under one in five workers in these roles [1-12-7]. Health Expenditure 45.1% of South Australians have private health insurance for hospital cover, below the national average and ranked fourth highest of the states and territories. Nationally, more than half of nongovernment funding comes from out-of-pocket payments by individuals [1-13]. Housing and Households 21.4% of Aboriginal South Australians age 18 years and over are living in overcrowded households [1-14-1]. There has been an increase in the number of South Australians experiencing housing stress. 13.5% of South Australian households have housing costs that are more than 3 of their gross income. Data reveals an increasing trend in recent years [ and ]. 6.4% of households in South Australia are in rental accommodation owned by state government housing authorities. There are 1,753 SOMIH households in South Australia [ and ]. 10.8% of year olds and 29.7% of 65-and-over year olds in South Australia are living alone, above the national average and second highest nationally [ and ]. The rate of rough sleepers in South Australia is 5 per 10,000 population. 3 of rough sleepers are in metropolitan Adelaide, 2% in regional centres including Whyalla and Pt Pirie, and 68% in rural and remote parts of the state [1-14-8]. South Australians are among the least likely of all Australians to live in a home with a computer, internet access or a motor vehicle. [ to ]. Religious affiliation Over a quarter of South Australians identify that they have no religious affiliation, third highest of the states and territories [1-15]. Community Safety 94.3% of South Australians aged 18 years and over feel very safe or safe at home alone during the day, while 83. feel very safe or safe at home alone after dark. Less than half of South Australians aged 18 years and over feel very safe or safe when walking alone in their local area after dark. Perceptions of safety varied significantly between males and females [ to ]. Just under one in ten South Australian adults report that they have been a victim of physical or threatened violence in the last 12 months [1-16-4]. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 3

4 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Demographics Measures Population Resident Population Population Density Population Change Population Change ( ) Population Change ( ): Age and Sex Population Projections by Statistical Division Population Composition in South Australia Population Composition in South Australia: Age and Sex Aboriginal Population Composition: Age and Sex South Australia's Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Population Population Born Overseas Born in Predominantly Non-English Speaking Countries Main Language Spoken at Home Proficiency in Spoken English Migration and Refugees Migration Age Profile of Migrants Refugees Carers Carers Young Carers Aboriginal Young Carers Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Young Carers Determinants of Health Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage Education Highest Year of School Completed: Year 12 or Equivalent Aboriginal Population Highest Year of School Completed: Year 12 or Equivalent Participation in Vocational Education and Training (VET) Aboriginal Participation in Vocational Education and Training (VET) Educational Attainment: People with Degrees (aged years) Health Literacy Income Disposable Income Children in Welfare Dependent and Other Low Income Families Economy and Employment Unemployment Rate Unemployment and Socioeconomic Disadvantage Job Seeker Allowances Jobless Families with Children Under 15 Years Financial Stress Aboriginal Financial Stress Occupation Health Expenditure Private Health Insurance for Hospital Cover Out-of-Pocket Expenditures Housing and Households Aboriginal Overcrowded Households Housing Stress Affordable Housing (housing costs 3 and over of gross income) Affordable Housing: State and Territory Owned Rental Housing Aboriginal Housing Persons Living Alone (Aged Years) Persons Living Alone (Aged 65 Years and Over) Homelessness Household Computer Access Household Internet Connection Households with No Motor Vehicle Religious Affiliation Community Safety Feelings of Safety at Home Alone During the Day Feelings of Safety at Home Alone After Dark Feelings of Safety Walking Alone in Local Area After Dark Victims of Violence WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 4

5 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Population 1-1. Resident Population As at the 2011 Census, the resident population of South Australia totalled just under 1.6 million people, mainly concentrated in metropolitan Adelaide. The Australian Bureau of Statistics divides South Australia into seven Statistical Districts: Metropolitan Adelaide, Outer Adelaide, Yorke and Lower North, Murray Lands, South East, Eyre, and Northern (illustrated in the map below). South Australia Resident Population (Census) Latest data: 2011 Statistical Division No. % Metropolitan Adelaide 1,168, % Country SA sub-total 425, % Outer Adelaide 136, % Yorke & Lower North 46, % Murray Lands 67, % South East 63, Eyre 34, % Northern 77, % Migratory Offshore Shipping Unknown 3, % South Australia total 1,596, SA Target Increase South Australia's population to 2 million by Increase regional populations, outside of Greater Adelaide, by 20,000 to 320,000 or more by Source: South Australia's Strategic Plan (2011). Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census 2011, DataPacks, Basic Community Profile, Statistical Local Areas. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, South Australia, Regional Population Growth, , Cat. no Released at 11.30am (AEST) 31/07/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 5

6 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-2. Population Density The population density of an area can have an effect on a number of issues and on overall deprivation. For example, with densely populated areas come environmental issues such as noise pollution, emissions, and overcrowding as well as social problems like crime and violence. Conversely, people living in sparsely populated areas can have issues around access to services and social isolation (Gilthorpe & Wilson, 2003). As at 30 June 2011, the population density of South Australia was 1.7 persons per square kilometre (km 2 ). This was the third lowest of all states and territories. Within South Australia itself, population density in country areas ranged from 0.1 persons/ km 2 in the Northern Statistical Division to persons/ km 2 in metropolitan Adelaide. South Australian Population Density by Statistical Division Persons/km 2 Latest data: 2011 Metropolitan Adelaide Country SA sub-total 0.4 Outer Adelaide 11.9 Yorke and Lower North 2.3 Murray Lands 1.4 South East 3.0 Eyre 0.5 Northern 0.1 South Australia 1.7 State Population Density Persons/km 2 Latest data: 2011 ACT Vic 24.3 NSW 9.0 Tas 7.5 Qld 2.6 SA 1.7 WA 0.9 NT 0.2 Australia 2.9 Source: Gilthorpe, M.S. and Wilson, R.C. (2003) Rural/urban differences in the association between deprivation and healthcare utilisation. Social Science & Medicine. Volume 57, pp Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Regional Population Growth, Australia, Cat. No , Population Estimates by Statistical Area Level 2, 2001 to Table 10. Estimated Resident Population, State and Territory Summary. Released at 11.30am (AEST) 31 July Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Regional Population Growth, Australia, Cat. No , Population Estimates by Statistical Local Area, 2001 to Table 4: Estimated Resident Population, Statistical Local Areas, South Australia. Released at 11.30am (AEST) 31 July WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 6

7 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-3. Population Change Population Change ( ) Between the 2006 and 2011 Censuses, the population of South Australia increased by 84,568 persons, an increase of 5.6%. The increase in the population is due to both natural increase and migration (overseas and interstate). Metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA both recorded similar growth over the five years, up 5.9% and 4.9% respectively As illustrated below, between 2006 and 2011 the greatest population increase occurred in the Outer Adelaide Statistical Division where the population increased by 10.6% (or 12,886 people). The population of the Eyre statistical division area changed very little with a 0.2% increase over the same time period. South Australian Population Change by Statistical Division 2006 to 2011 Statistical Division % popn. change Metropolitan Adelaide 5.9% Country SA sub-total 4.9% Outer Adelaide 10.6% Yorke and Lower North 5.2% Murray Lands 1.3% South East 1.4% Eyre 0.2% Northern 3.6% South Australia 5.6% SA Target Increase South Australia's population to 2 million by Increase regional populations, outside of Greater Adelaide, by 20,000 to 320,000 or more by Source: South Australia's Strategic Plan (2011). South Australian Population Change, All Persons by Statistical Division, Metropolitan Adelaide Outer Adelaide Yorke and Lower North Murray Lands South East Eyre Northern South Australia 2% 4% 6% 8% 1 12% Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Census Community Profiles, Time Series Profile, South Australia. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 7

8 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Population Change ( ): Age and Sex As noted above, South Australia's population increased by 5.6% between the 2006 and 2011 Censuses, and the population increase mainly occurred in the 60 years and over age cohorts. The greatest percentage increase during this time was observed for males aged 85 years and over, at 31.8%. The greatest population change in percentage terms for females was for those aged years, with a 26.9% increase. Conversely, population decreases were observed within some age-sex cohorts between the two Census periods. The greatest decrease for females occurred in the age group, down 7.2%. The greatest decrease for males occurred in the years age group, down 3.6% between the 2006 and 2011 Census periods South Australian Population Change, All Persons by Age and Sex, Males Females SA Target Increase South Australia's population to 2 million by Increase regional populations, outside of Greater Adelaide, by 20,000 to 320,000 or more by Source: South Australia's Strategic Plan (2011) Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Census Community Profiles, Time Series, South Australia. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 8

9 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-4. Population Projections by Statistical Division Adelaide Statistical Division (metropolitan Adelaide) Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total 11.8% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the Adelaide Statistical Division (i.e. metropolitan Adelaide) is estimated to be greatest amongst the years age group, with an increase of 34.8% projected between 2011 and Population projections for children, young people and adults under 65 years are expected to increase, however at a slower rate compared to older age groups. Outer Adelaide Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % Total 24.2% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the Outer Adelaide Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the years age group, with an increase of 52.7% projected between 2011 and The years age cohort is projected to have the slowest growth between 2011 and 2012, at an increase of 11.3% over the period. Yorke and Lower North Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total 6.3% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the Yorke and Lower North Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the years age group, with an increase of 23.5% projected between 2011 and The years age cohort is projected to increase only very slightly over the next 10 years. Source: Based on Department of Planning and Local Government, Government of South Australia, Population Projections for South Australia and Statistical Divisions, , December 2010 release. (Medium Projection Series). WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 9

10 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-4. (cont'd). Population Projections by Statistical Division Murray Lands Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total 3.9% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the Murray Lands Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the 85 years and over population, with an increase of 36.5% projected between 2011 and The proportion of 0-19 year olds and year olds is projected to decrease by 3.3% and 3.5% respectively over the next 10 years. South East Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total 5.6% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the South East Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the 85 years and over age group, with an increase of 41.4% projected between 2011 and The proportion of 0-19 year olds and year olds is expected to decrease by 1.2% and 2.1% respectively over the next 10 years. Eyre Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total 3.8% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in the Eyre Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the years age group, with an increase of 35.7% projected between 2011 and Eyre is projected to experience a decrease in the proportion of younger people (aged 0-19 and years), down 2.3% and 2.8% respectively. Northern Statistical Division Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % Total 4.7% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in Northern Statistical Division is estimated to be greatest amongst the 85 years and over population group, with an increase of 33.3% projected between 2011 and The 0-19 years age cohort is projected to increase only very slightly over the next 10 years. Source: Based on Department of Planning and Local Government, Government of South Australia, Population Projections for South Australia and Statistical Divisions, , December 2010 release. (Medium Projection Series). WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 10

11 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-4. (cont'd). Population Projections by Statistical Division Country SA sub-total Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % % % % Total '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in Country SA is estimated to be greatest amongst the 85 years and over population, with an increase of 38.1% projected between 2011 and The years age group is expected to increase by 35.5%. The proportion of year olds is projected to increase by just 3.7%. SOUTH AUSTRALIA Projected Population Change Proj. Popn. Change Age (yrs) % % % Total 11.6% '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 ' Projected population growth in South Australia is estimated to be greatest amongst the years age bands with an increase of 35. projected between 2011 and Overall, South Australia's population is projected to increase by 11.6% between 2011 and Source: Based on Department of Planning and Local Government, Government of South Australia, Population Projections for South Australia and Statistical Divisions, , December 2010 release. (Medium Projection Series). WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 11

12 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-5. Population Composition in South Australia Population Composition in South Australia: Age and Sex South Australia has a relatively older population when compared nationally. At the time of the 2011 Census, the proportion of South Australians aged 65 years or over was 16.1% compared to 14. for Australia as a whole. An ageing population in South Australian may pose implications for both health and aged care demand and workforce issues (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009). The age and sex distribution of the South Australian 2011 Census population highlights that there is a relative underrepresentation of both males and females in the 0 to 44 years age cohorts compared to the national average, and, conversely, a relative over-representation in the 45 years and over age groups. There are proportionally more females in the 80 years and over cohorts than males, both in South Australia and nationally. Population Composition of South Australia Compared to Australia by Age and Sex, % 6% 4% 2% 2% 4% 6% 8% SA - Males SA - Females AUS - Males AUS - Females Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Census Community Profiles, South Australia and Australia. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Social Trends, March Cat. No , Released at 11.30am (AEST) 25/03/2009. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 12

13 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Aboriginal Population Composition: Age and Sex As at the 2011 Census there were 30,432 Aboriginal people in South Australia, which accounted for 1.9% of the South Australian population and represented 5.5% of the total Aboriginal population in Australia. The population pyramid below presents a comparison of the South Australian Aboriginal and non-aboriginal population by age and sex. Proportionally, the Aboriginal population in South Australia is relatively over-represented in the 0 to 29 years age groups and, conversely, under-represented in the 30 years and over age cohorts, when compared against the non- Aboriginal South Australian population structure. The considerably differences in the age distributions can at large be explained by inequalities in life expectancy and the higher premature mortality rates that are experienced in the Aboriginal populations. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011). Aboriginal Population Composition of South Australia by Age and Sex, % 1 5% 5% 1 15% 2 Aboriginal males Aboriginal females Non-Aboriginal males Non-Aboriginal females Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Census Community Profiles, South Australia and Australia. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Deaths, Australia, Cat. No Deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Released at 11.30am (AEST) 10/11/2011. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 13

14 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-6. South Australia's Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Population Population Born Overseas Over 1 in 5 (or 22.1%) of South Australians identified in the 2011 Census that they were born overseas. South Australia accounted for 6.7% of Australia s total population born overseas. South Australia had a lower proportion of its population born overseas compared to the national average, and was ranked fifth highest when compared to all states and territories. Proportion of the Population Born Overseas by State and Territory, % 3 25% 2 15% 1 5% Tas NT Qld SA ACT NSW Vic WA AUSTRALIA = 24.6% Proportionally, the largest group of South Australians born overseas were aged between 75 and 84 years at 38.2%. The chart below illustrates the proportion of South Australians who were born overseas according to age group and sex. Proportion of South Australian s Born Overseas by Age and Sex, Males Females Total Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Expanded Community Profile, X02 Country of Birth (Major Group) of Person by Age by Sex. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 14

15 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Born in Predominantly Non-English Speaking Countries The Census 2011 found that 12.7% of South Australians were born in predominantly non-english speaking (NES) countries. This was lower than the national average of 15.7%. Proportion of the Population Born in Predominantly Non-English Speaking Countries, % 1 5% Tas Qld NT SA WA ACT NSW Vic AUSTRALIA = 15.7% Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Basic Community Profile, B09 Country of Birth of Persons by sex. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/ Main Language Spoken at Home There were 229,549 South Australians who did not speak English as a main language at home as at the 2011 Census, representing 14.4% of the South Australian population. Of those mainly speaking a language other than English at home, Italian was the most common at 14.5% of the non- English languages spoken at home, followed by Greek and Mandarin at 11. and 7.2% respectively. The table below summarises the top 10 non-english languages mainly spoken at home in South Australia in Top 10 non-english Languages Spoken at Home in South Australia Latest data: 2011 Language Number Percentage % Italian 33, % Greek 25, Mandarin 16, % Vietnamese 15, Cantonese 9, % Arabic 7, % German 7, % Polish 6, % Spanish 4, % Punjabi 4, % Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Basic Community Profile, B13 Language Spoken at Home by Sex. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 15

16 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Proficiency in Spoken English A total of 39,931 South Australians spoke a language other than English at home, and could not speak English well or not at all, as at the 2011 Census. Proportionally, this accounted for 2.5% of the population. South Australia was ranked fourth highest of the states and territories. Proportion of Persons Who Speak English Not Well or Not at All, % 4% 3% 2% 1% Tas Qld WA ACT SA NSW Vic NT AUSTRALIA = 3. Of the South Australians who were born overseas, a total of 31,754, or 9., spoke English not well or not at all as at the 2011 Census, predominantly in the 75 years and over age cohorts. Proportion of South Australians Born Overseas and Who Speak English Not Well or Not at All by Age, % 1 5% TOTAL Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Expanded Community Profile, X05 Language Spoken At Home By Proficiency in Spoken English Language by Sex. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Expanded Community Profile, X04 Proficiency in Spoken English/Language by Year of Arrival in Australia by Age Country of Birth. Latest Issue Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 16

17 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-7. Migration and Refugees Migration Over the 2011 calendar year, South Australia's population grew by 13,862 persons. Net overseas migration formed the main component of growth, accounting for 8,967 additional persons (64.7% of total growth). An additional 7,220 persons came from natural increase (52.1% of total growth), while 2,325 persons were lost to net interstate migration (-16.8% of total growth). Components of Population Growth by State and Territory, Net interstate migration Net overseas migration Natural increase SA NSW Vic Qld WA Tas NT ACT Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. No , Table 2. Population Change, Components States and Territories (Number). Released 26/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 17

18 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Age Profile of Migrants The age profile of South Australian overseas migrants in 2006 was older than that for Australia as a whole. South Australia had a higher proportion of its migrant population aged over 50 years compared to Australia. The age distribution of overseas migrants is presented in the chart below. Age Profile of South Australian Migrants, South Australia Australia 2% 4% 6% 8% 1 12% Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Migration, Australia , Cat. No , Table 3.5 Estimated resident population, Selected countries of birth, South Australia by age 30 June Released at 11.30am (AEST) 28/07/ Refugees A major challenge facing many countries today is the protection of refugees who have been forced to leave their home. Australia has a commitment to protecting refugees and resolving refugee situations which is strongly expressed through the Humanitarian Program (Department of Immigration and Citizenship, 2011). In , a total of 1,144 permanent additions were accepted under the Offshore component of the Humanitarian Program in South Australia. Of these, 881 were made under the Refugee category and 263 under the Special Humanitarian Program. Offshore Humanitarian Permanent Additions in South Australia, to '06-07 '07-08 '08-09 '09-10 '10-11 Special Humanitarian Program Refugees Source: Based on Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2011) Fact Sheet 60 Australia s Refugee and Humanitarian Program [Internet] Available from: [Accessed: 18/07/2012]. Source: Based on Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2012) Population flows: Immigration aspects edition, Chapter 5. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 18

19 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia 1-8. Carers Carers Data for 2009 shows that there were 213,700 carers in South Australia, representing 13.4% of people of the population. A higher proportion of South Australian females than males were carers (14.6% and 12.2% respectively). South Australia had the highest proportion of carers when compared to all states and territories. Proportion of Carers by State and Territory, % 1 5% ACT NT Qld WA NSW Vic Tas SA AUSTRALIA = 12.2% Of the 213,700 carers in South Australia, 60,000 (or 28.1%) were primary carers. Primary carers are those aged 15 years and over who identified themselves as providing the most informal assistance with core activities to a person with a disability or to a person aged 60 years and over. A higher proportion of females were primary carers compared to their male counterparts (35. and 19.6% of all carers, respectively). Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Caring in the Community, Australia 2009, Cat. No Released at 11.30am (AEST) 20/01/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 19

20 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Young Carers For young people, caring for family members can have an impact on education, relationships and employment (Carers Australia, 2012). Young Carers are defined here as people aged between 15 and 19 years who responded positively to the question about the provision of unpaid care, help or assistance on the Census form: In the last two weeks did the person spend time providing unpaid care, help or assistance to family members or others because of a disability, a long term illness or problems relating to old age?. In 2006, 3.9% of South Australian males aged years identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others. When compared to all states and territories, this was ranked (equal) third lowest (with Victoria). Proportion of Year Old Males Who Were Carers, % 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% WA Qld SA Vic ACT Tas NSW NT Australian figure is not available Young females aged years were more likely to be carers than young males. In South Australia, 4.9% of females aged identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others. When compared to all states and territories, this was ranked fourth highest. Proportion of Year Old Females Who Were Carers, % 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% WA Qld ACT Vic SA Tas NSW NT Australian figure is not available Source: Based on Carers Australia (2012), The Impact of Caring [Internet] Available from: [Accessed: 21/08/2012]. Source: Based on Social Policy Research Centre, Young Carers, Social Policy Impacts of the Caring Responsibilities of Children and Young Adults. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 20

21 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Aboriginal Young Carers Aboriginal Young Carers are defined here as Aboriginal people aged between 15 and 19 years who responded positively to the question about the provision of unpaid care, help or assistance on the Census form: In the last two weeks did the person spend time providing unpaid care, help or assistance to family members or others because of a disability, a long term illness or problems relating to old age?. In 2006, 4.6% of Aboriginal South Australian males aged years identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others. When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked third lowest. Proportion of Year Old Aboriginal Males Who Were Carers, Vic ACT SA NSW Qld WA Tas NT Australian figure is not available Proportionally, 4.7% of Aboriginal South Australian females aged years identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others. When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked third lowest. Proportion of Year Old Aboriginal Females Who Were Carers, Vic ACT SA NSW Qld Tas WA NT Australian figure is not available Source: Based on Social Policy Research Centre, Cass, B, Brennan, D, Thomson, C, Hill, T, Purcal, C, Hamilton, M, and Adamson, E (2011) Young carers: Social policy impacts of the caring responsibilities of children and young adults, Report prepared for ARC Linkage Partners, October WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 21

22 Chapter 1. Demographic Profile of South Australia Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Young Carers In 2006, 13.9% of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) South Australian males aged years identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others because of a disability, a long term illness or problems relating to old age. CALD is defined here as young people who speak a language other than English at home and do not identify as Aboriginal. When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked fourth highest. Proportion of Year Old CALD Males Who Were Carers, % 2 15% 1 5% Tas NT Qld WA SA ACT Vic NSW Australian figure is not available In 2006, 12.6% of CALD South Australian females aged years identified that they were providing unpaid care, help or assistance to a family member or others because of a disability, a long term illness or problems relating to old age. CALD is defined here as young people who speak a language other than English at home and do not identify as Aboriginal. When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked fourth highest. Proportion of Year Old CALD Females Who Were Carers, % 2 15% 1 5% Tas NT Qld WA SA ACT Vic NSW Australian figure is not available Source: Based on Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC), Young carers: Social policy impacts of the caring responsibilities of children and young adults. Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, October WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 22

23 Determinants of Health As stated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and recognised within health literature, there are many factors that affect individual and community health. Ultimately a person s health status can be determined by personal circumstance and the environment within which they live. The determinants of health include many factors and are presented within this report: Income and socioeconomic status Education Employment Physical environment, such as housing and living conditions Social and community networks 1-9. Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage A commonly used measure of socioeconomic status in Australia is the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Socioeconomic Index for Areas Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (SEIFA IRSD). In 2010, 31.3% of the South Australian population lived in the top 2 most relatively disadvantaged socioeconomic areas in the state, while 14.1% lived in the top 2 least relatively disadvantaged socioeconomic areas. The chart below illustrates the population distribution of the states and territories by quintile of relative socioeconomic disadvantage. The quintiles shown are ranked according to Socioeconomic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (IRSD) area scores at the national level, where the 20 per cent of the population living in Statistical Local Areas (SLA) with the lowest scores (relatively most disadvantaged) are given a quintile number of 1, and the 20 per cent of the population living in areas with the highest scores (relatively least disadvantaged) are given a quintile number of 5. South Australia recorded the third highest proportion of the population in the quintile of highest socioeconomic disadvantage of the states and territories. 10 Proportion of the total population living in areas of relative disadvantage, ACT WA Vic NSW Qld SA NT Tas Quintile 5 (least disadvantaged) Quintile 4 Quintile 3 Quintile 2 Quintile 1 (most disadvantaged) Source: Based on SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2011, National Agreement Performance Information : Appendix Health, Affordable Housing, Disability and Indigenous Reform, Productivity Commission, Canberra using AIHW (unpublished) data. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 23

24 1-10. Education Highest Year of School Completed: Year 12 or Equivalent As at the 2011 Census, 44.8% of persons aged 15 years and over who were not longer attending primary or secondary school had completed Year 12 or equivalent as their highest year of school attainment. This was lower than the national average of 49.2%. When compared to all states and territories South Australia was ranked third lowest. Persons Aged 15 Years and Over No Longer Attending Primary or Secondary School Who Have Completed Year 12 or Equivalent as Their Highest Year of School, Tas NT SA Qld WA NSW Vic ACT AUSTRALIA = 49.2% Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Basic Community Profile, Cat. No B16: Highest Year of School Completed by Age and Sex. Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/ Aboriginal Population Highest Year of School Completed: Year 12 or Equivalent As at the 2011 Census, 22.1% of Aboriginal persons aged 15 years and over who were not longer attending primary or secondary school had completed Year 12 or equivalent as their highest year of school attainment. This was lower than the national average of 25.. When compared to all states and territories South Australia was ranked third lowest. Aboriginal Persons Aged 15 Years and Over No Longer Attending Primary or Secondary School Who Have Completed Year 12 or Equivalent as Their Highest Year of School, NT WA SA Tas NSW Vic Qld ACT AUSTRALIA = 25. Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Indigenous) Profile, Cat. No I06: Highest Year of School Completed by Indigenous Status by Sex. Released at 11.30am (AEST) 21/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 24

25 Participation in Vocational Education and Training (VET) Data for 2011 revealed that the rate of participation in vocational education and training (VET) of South Australians aged years was 10.9%. This was below the national average of 12.. Trend data between 2007 and 2011 shows that participation in VET has remained steady over the five years in South Australia, while the national participation rate increased slightly between 2009 and When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked third lowest in 2011 for VET participation amongst the population aged years. VET Participation Rate of Persons Aged Years :: Trend, and by State and Territory, % 15% 1 1 5% South Australia Australia % Qld WA SA ACT NSW Tas NT Vic AUSTRALIA = 12. Source: Based on National Centre for Vocational Education Research ( ), Australian vocational education and training statistics: Students and courses 2011, South Australia, Table 2: VET participation rate (%) of persons aged 15 years and older Aboriginal Participation in Vocational Education and Training (VET) As at the 2006 Census, South Australia had the second highest proportion of its Aboriginal population aged 16 years or more who were involved in vocational educational and training (VET), at 17.9%. This is above the national average for Aboriginal people of 15.. VET Participation Rate of Aboriginal Persons Aged 16 Years and Over, % 1 5% Tas ACT Qld Vic NSW WA SA NT AUSTRALIA = 15. Source: Based on Public Health Information Development Unit, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Health Atlas, Statistical Local Areas, SA, Compiled using data from the National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 2006 and ABS Estimated Resident Population WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 25

26 Educational Attainment: People with Degrees (aged years) In 2011, 22.9% of South Australians aged years had a Bachelor degree or above, below the national average of 27.9%. When compared to all states and territories, South Australia was ranked second lowest. However, the South Australian trend has been increasing over the last 14 years, up a total of 10.1 percentage points between 1997 and Proportion of Year Olds with a Bachelor Degree or Above, South Australia Australia '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 Proportion of Year-Olds with a Bachelor Degree or Above, Tas SA Qld WA NT NSW Vic ACT AUSTRALIA = 27.9% Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Social Trends, Data Cube Education and training National and state summary tables, Cat No , Table 2.4 Education and training, SA Summary, Released at 11.30am (AEST) 26/06/2012. WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 26

27 Health Literacy Linked to education is the notion of health literacy. Health literacy relates to an individual s ability to analyse their own experience of health within the larger context of health related knowledge. For example making informed decisions about health, personal awareness of the social, environmental and economic determinants of health, and acting upon procedures and directions from medical personnel (South Australian Council of Social Service, 2008). In 2006, 58.7% of South Australians aged years achieved scores below Level 3 for health literacy. Level 3 is regarded as the "minimum required for individuals to meet the complex demands of everyday life and work in the emerging knowledgebased economy". The South Australian rate was only slightly below the national average of 59.5%, fourth lowest of the states and territories. People Aged Years Achieving Scores Below Minimum Level of Health Literacy, ACT WA NSW SA Qld Vic NT Tas AUSTRALIA = 59.5% Source: Based on South Australian Council of Social Service (2008), The Social Determinants of Health: SACOSS Information Paper, December 2008 [Internet] Available from: [Accessed: 20/07/2012] Source: Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics, Health Literacy Australia, Cat. No Table 2: Skill Level, By State or Territory of Usual Residence. Released at 11.30am (AEST) Wed 25 Jun WORKING DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION (MAY 2013) HPC State of Our Health 27

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction A Statistical appendix A.1 Introduction This appendix contains contextual information to assist the interpretation of the performance indicators presented in the Report. The following four key factors

More information

Housing Australia factsheet

Housing Australia factsheet www.shelter.org.au Housing Australia factsheet A quick guide to housing facts and figures Homelessness There were estimated to be 15,237 people experiencing homelessness on Census night in 211. Page 2

More information

Early childhood, education and training preface attachment

Early childhood, education and training preface attachment Preamble BA Early childhood, education and training preface attachment Tables in this attachment are sourced from the Early childhood, education and training (ECET) preface attachment of the 2011 Report

More information

Information Bulletin AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. Justine Doherty

Information Bulletin AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. Justine Doherty Information Bulletin OFFICE OF CRIME STATISTICS No 32 April 2002 AN INCREASING INDIGENOUS POPULATION? IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Justine Doherty ATTORNEY-GENERAL S DEPARTMENT Introduction

More information

NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW

NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW NORTHERN TERRITORY VIEWS ON CGC STAFF DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/17-S ASSESSMENT OF ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES FOR THE 2010 REVIEW OCTOBER 2007 ADMITTED PATIENT SERVICES Key Points: The Territory supports the

More information

Social Health Atlas of Australia: Notes on the Data

Social Health Atlas of Australia: Notes on the Data Social Health Atlas of Australia: Notes on the Data Published: June 2015 Notes on the Data: Contents Notes on the Data: Contents... 1 General information... 3 Copyright... 3 Geographical structures...

More information

3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated

3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated 3.14 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for healthrelated disciplines The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in tertiary education for

More information

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers / Practitioners in focus i Contents Introduction... 1 What is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Worker?... 2 How are Aboriginal and Torres

More information

Psychologists in Focus

Psychologists in Focus Australia s Health Workforce Series Psychologists in Focus March 2014 1 Health Workforce Australia. This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or part for study or training purposes. Subject

More information

1.17 Life expectancy at birth

1.17 Life expectancy at birth 1.17 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period. Data sources Life expectancy estimates for the years 2005 2007 presented

More information

Population Health Profile: 2013

Population Health Profile: 2013 Population Health Profile: 2013 www.isml.org.au Suite 3, level 1, 336 Keira Street 1/154 Meroo Road Wollongong NSW 2500 Bomaderry NSW 2541 PO Box 1198 Wollongong NSW 2500 PO Box 516 Nowra NSW 2541 t 02

More information

Australian Catholic Schools 2012

Australian Catholic Schools 2012 Australian Catholic Schools 2012 Foreword Australian Catholic Schools 2012 is the tenth annual report on enrolment trends in Catholic schools from the NCEC Data Committee. As with previous editions, this

More information

Australia s Health Workforce Series. Pharmacists in Focus. March 2014. HWA Australia s Health Workforce Series Pharmacists in Focus

Australia s Health Workforce Series. Pharmacists in Focus. March 2014. HWA Australia s Health Workforce Series Pharmacists in Focus Australia s Health Workforce Series Pharmacists in Focus March 2014 1 Health Workforce Australia. This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or part for study or training purposes. Subject to

More information

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years that a group of newborn babies could expect to live if they experience the current death rates throughout their lifetime.

More information

Australia s. welfare 2013 in brief

Australia s. welfare 2013 in brief Australia s welfare 2013 in brief Introduction Every two years the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare produces its Australia s welfare report. We are required to do this by law. Australia s welfare

More information

3 Early childhood education and care

3 Early childhood education and care 3 Early childhood education and care CONTENTS 3.1 Profile of ECEC 3.2 3.2 Framework of performance indicators 3.19 3.3 Key performance indicator results 3.22 3.4 Future directions in performance reporting

More information

Economic benefits of closing the gap in Indigenous employment outcomes. Reconciliation Australia

Economic benefits of closing the gap in Indigenous employment outcomes. Reconciliation Australia Economic benefits of closing the gap in Indigenous employment outcomes Reconciliation Australia January 2014 Contents Acronyms... i Glossary... ii Executive Summary... i 1 Introduction... 1 1.1 Methodology...

More information

Towards an Aboriginal Health Plan for NSW

Towards an Aboriginal Health Plan for NSW Submission Towards an Aboriginal Health Plan for NSW June 2012 beyondblue PO Box 6100 HAWTHORN WEST VIC 3122 Tel: (03) 9810 6100 Fax: (03) 9810 6111 www.beyondblue.org.au beyondblue Towards an Aboriginal

More information

The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. an overview

The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. an overview The health and welfare of Australia s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people an overview 211 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is Australia s national health and welfare statistics and

More information

Health expenditure Australia 2011 12: analysis by sector

Health expenditure Australia 2011 12: analysis by sector Health expenditure Australia 2011 12: analysis by sector HEALTH AND WELFARE EXPENDITURE SERIES No. 51 HEALTH AND WELFARE EXPENDITURE SERIES Number 51 Health expenditure Australia 2011 12: analysis by sector

More information

Australia s Health Workforce Series. Dietitians in Focus. March 2014. HWA Australia s Health Workforce Series Dietitians in Focus

Australia s Health Workforce Series. Dietitians in Focus. March 2014. HWA Australia s Health Workforce Series Dietitians in Focus Australia s Health Workforce Series Dietitians in Focus March 2014 1 Health Workforce Australia. This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or part for study or training purposes. Subject to

More information

NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Council of Australian Governments An agreement between the Commonwealth of Australia and the States and Territories, being:

More information

Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012

Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012 This report outlines the workforce characteristics of nurses and midwives in 2012. Between 2008 and 2012, the number of nurses and midwives employed in nursing or midwifery increased by 7.5%, from 269,909

More information

1.17 Life expectancy at birth

1.17 Life expectancy at birth 1.17 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period. Data sources Life expectancy estimates for the years 2005 2007 presented

More information

Creating Opportunity or Entrenching Disadvantage? ACT Labour Market Data

Creating Opportunity or Entrenching Disadvantage? ACT Labour Market Data Creating Opportunity or Entrenching Disadvantage? ACT Labour Market Data October 2014 About ACTCOSS ACTCOSS acknowledges Canberra has been built on the land of the Ngunnawal people. We pay respects to

More information

NSW housing: a factsheet

NSW housing: a factsheet NSW housing: a factsheet Quick guide to key housing facts and figures Housing Stress page 4 In NSW, 78% of very low income renter households were experiencing rental stress on census day 2011. In NSW,

More information

Employment Outlook for. Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services

Employment Outlook for. Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services Employment Outlook for Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Contents INTRODUCTION... 3 EMPLOYMENT GROWTH... 4 EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS... 6 VACANCY TRENDS... 8 WORKFORCE AGEING... 10 EMPLOYMENT BY GENDER AND

More information

research report 53 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian Main findings

research report 53 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian Main findings AIHW Dental Statistics and Research Unit Research report 53 July 2011 Dental decay among Australian children This report provides information on the dental decay experience of Australian children from

More information

1.14 Life expectancy at birth

1.14 Life expectancy at birth 1.14 Life expectancy at birth The life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females for a given period Data sources Life expectancy estimates presented in this measure are from

More information

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY IN REMOTE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES Council of Australian Governments A Strategy agreed between: the Commonwealth of Australia and the States and Territories, being: the

More information

Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007

Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions, 2007 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. PHE 155 The Australian

More information

Nursing labour force 2001

Nursing labour force 2001 Nursing labour force 2001 The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is an independent health and welfare statistics and information agency. The Institute s mission is to inform community discussion

More information

Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare

Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs - References Committee Inquiry into the out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare May 2014 Out-of-pocket costs in Australian healthcare

More information

Towards a resilient Sydney Socio-economic profile

Towards a resilient Sydney Socio-economic profile Towards a resilient Sydney Socio-economic profile Towards a resilient Sydney Socio-economic profile Contents Introduction 3 Metropolitan Sydney (Study Area) 3 Sustainable Livelihoods Framework 4 Data

More information

There were 160 hospitalisations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children for

There were 160 hospitalisations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children for Australia s children 2002 There were 216 hospitalisations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children for burns and scalds. Indigenous children had a hospitalisation rate for injuries from burns

More information

Report into the Rural, Regional and Remote Areas Lawyers Survey. Prepared by the Law Council of Australia and the Law Institute of Victoria

Report into the Rural, Regional and Remote Areas Lawyers Survey. Prepared by the Law Council of Australia and the Law Institute of Victoria Report into the Rural, Regional and Remote Areas Lawyers Survey Prepared by the Law Council of Australia and the Law Institute of Victoria July 2009 Acknowledgements The Law Council is grateful for the

More information

A Snapshot of Early Childhood Development in Australia

A Snapshot of Early Childhood Development in Australia Section 3 Early childhood development results across Australia A Snapshot of Early Childhood Development in Australia Australian Early Development Index (AEDI) National Report 2009 Re-issue - March 2011

More information

Discount Rates and Life Tables: A Review

Discount Rates and Life Tables: A Review Discount Rates and Life Tables: A Review Hugh Sarjeant is a consulting actuary and Paul Thomson is an actuarial analyst at Cumpston Sarjeant Pty Ltd Phone: 03 9642 2242 Email: Hugh_Sarjeant@cumsar.com.au

More information

Council of Ambulance Authorities

Council of Ambulance Authorities Council of Ambulance Authorities Patient Satisfaction Survey 2013 Prepared for: Mojca Bizjak-Mikic Manager, Data & Research The Council of Ambulance Authorities Prepared by: Natasha Kapulski Research Associate

More information

Poverty and its Causes

Poverty and its Causes Poverty and its Causes Introduction This report updates ACOSS Poverty Report, last published in October 2010. While the total measurement of poverty in Australia has not been brought up to date since 2006,

More information

Health.workforce@health.gov.au

Health.workforce@health.gov.au Health Workforce Australia This work is Copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or part for study or training purposes. Subject to an acknowledgement of the source, reproduction for purposes other than

More information

bulletin 118 Disability support services Services provided under the National Disability Agreement Summary Bulletin 118 July 2013

bulletin 118 Disability support services Services provided under the National Disability Agreement Summary Bulletin 118 July 2013 Bulletin 118 July 2013 Disability support services Services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2011 12 Summary bulletin 118 Many people with disability are able to live independently and

More information

An update on the level and distribution of retirement savings

An update on the level and distribution of retirement savings ASFA Research and Resource Centre An update on the level and distribution of retirement savings Ross Clare Director of Research March 2014 The Association of Superannuation Funds of Australia Limited (ASFA)

More information

Australian Housing Outlook 2014-2017. By Robert Mellor, Managing Director BIS Shrapnel Pty Ltd October 2014

Australian Housing Outlook 2014-2017. By Robert Mellor, Managing Director BIS Shrapnel Pty Ltd October 2014 Australian Housing Outlook 2014-2017 By Robert Mellor, Managing Director BIS Shrapnel Pty Ltd October 2014 Recent Residential Property Market Trends Residential property demand has varied across purchaser

More information

Patterns of employment

Patterns of employment Patterns of employment Nursing is a very broad profession. Nurses perform several roles in many different areas of practice at a variety of different locations (work settings), both in the public and private

More information

Home Owners Confidence Boosted as Affordability Improves

Home Owners Confidence Boosted as Affordability Improves JOINT QUARTERLY SURVEY NO.1 JUNE QUARTER Home Owners Confidence Boosted as Affordability Improves e quarter recorded an improvement in housing affordability with the proportion of income required to meet

More information

Fine, but not fair: A report on Australia s health and health care system

Fine, but not fair: A report on Australia s health and health care system : A report on Australia s health and health care system snapshotseries#1 january2009 Write. Edit. Publish. Teach. Consult. about RaggAhmed RaggAhmed is a national health and communications consultancy.

More information

Household Energy Expenditure: Measures es off Hardship & Changes in Income

Household Energy Expenditure: Measures es off Hardship & Changes in Income : Measures es off Hardship & Changes in Income By Professor or Sue Richardson Associate Professor or Peter Travers The National Institute of Labour Studies February, 2004 4 Table of Contents HOUSEHOLD

More information

Payroll Tax in the Costing of Government Services

Payroll Tax in the Costing of Government Services Payroll Tax in the Costing of Government Services Research Paper Steering Committee for the Review of Commonwealth/State Service Provision Commonwealth of Australia 1999 ISBN: 1 74037 006 6 This paper

More information

Eighteen Month Review of the National Partnership Agreement on Early Childhood Education

Eighteen Month Review of the National Partnership Agreement on Early Childhood Education Eighteen Month Review of the National Partnership Agreement on Early Childhood Education Report by Allen Consulting Group And Statements by the Commonwealth and each State and Territory on the Allen Consulting

More information

The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012

The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012 The Menzies-Nous Australian Health Survey 2012 Report 23 October 2012 Bold ideas Engaging people Influential, enduring solutions This page is intentionally blank. Nous Group n o usgro u p. c o m. a u i

More information

Mr Tom Wise Clerk of Committees Legislative Council Parliament House HOBART TAS 7000. Dear Mr Wise

Mr Tom Wise Clerk of Committees Legislative Council Parliament House HOBART TAS 7000. Dear Mr Wise Postal address: GPO Box 646 Hobart TAS 7001 Phone: 1800 252 476 Fax: (03) 6233 5800 Email: ppac@getmoving.tas.gov.au Enquiries: Michelle Morgan Phone: (03) 6233 5625 E-mail: Michelle.Morgan@development.tas.gov.au

More information

Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia, 2003 04

Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia, 2003 04 Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia, 2003 04 Jesia G Berry, James E Harrison AIHW INJURY RESEARCH AND STATISTICS SERIES 38 Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia,

More information

Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008 09

Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008 09 HEALTH AND WELFARE EXPENDITURE SERIES Number 44 Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008 09 June 2011 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. HWE

More information

Contact us. Hoa Bui T: + 61 (02) 9335 8938 E: hbui@kpmg.com.au. Briallen Cummings T: + 61 (02) 9335 7940 E: bcummings01@kpmg.com.au. www.kpmg.com.

Contact us. Hoa Bui T: + 61 (02) 9335 8938 E: hbui@kpmg.com.au. Briallen Cummings T: + 61 (02) 9335 7940 E: bcummings01@kpmg.com.au. www.kpmg.com. Contact us Hoa Bui T: + 61 (02) 9335 8938 E: hbui@kpmg.com.au Briallen Cummings T: + 61 (02) 9335 7940 E: bcummings01@kpmg.com.au www.kpmg.com.au No reliance This report should not be regarded as suitable

More information

Inner City Rough Sleeper Street Count

Inner City Rough Sleeper Street Count Inner City Rough Sleeper Street Count August 2015 Contents Background 2 Review of methodology 3 August 2015 Count 4 Participation in Count 4 Results 4 Trends 4 Sleeping rough and having a house elsewhere

More information

Violence Prevention. Multiple Disadvantage

Violence Prevention. Multiple Disadvantage Violence Prevention A ll forms of violence are a violation of fundamental human rights. Violence not only threatens the victim s physical health, housing security and mental wellbeing but with between

More information

The National Health Plan for Young Australians An action plan to protect and promote the health of children and young people

The National Health Plan for Young Australians An action plan to protect and promote the health of children and young people The National Health Plan for Young Australians An action plan to protect and promote the health of children and young people Copyright 1997 ISBN 0 642 27200 X This work is copyright. It may be reproduced

More information

New South Wales State and Regional Population Projections 2001-2051. 2004 Release TRANSPORT AND POPULATION DATA CENTRE

New South Wales State and Regional Population Projections 2001-2051. 2004 Release TRANSPORT AND POPULATION DATA CENTRE New South Wales State and Regional Population Projections 21-251 251 24 Release TRANSPORT AND POPULATION DATA CENTRE THE TRANSPORT AND POPULATION DATA CENTRE (TPDC) The TPDC is located in the NSW Department

More information

JOINT REPORT. A snapshot of poverty in rural and regional Australia

JOINT REPORT. A snapshot of poverty in rural and regional Australia JOINT REPORT A snapshot of poverty in rural and regional Australia 14 October 2013 2 3 A snapshot of poverty in rural and regional Australia Summary Despite the fact that the rate of poverty in rural and

More information

State of the Valley A profile of the Latrobe Valley

State of the Valley A profile of the Latrobe Valley State of the Valley A profile of the Latrobe Valley Published by the Communications Division for Department of Education and Early Childhood Development Melbourne, March 2012 State of Victoria (Department

More information

Identification GETTING STARTED

Identification GETTING STARTED Identification GETTING STARTED 3 This is Booklet 3 in the Getting Started Series. Getting Started is a guide for people leaving prison. Booklets 1 The First Week 2 Housing 3 Identification 4 Alcohol and

More information

Submission to the Productivity Commission Issues Paper

Submission to the Productivity Commission Issues Paper Submission to the Productivity Commission Issues Paper Vocational Education and Training Workforce July 2010 LEE THOMAS Federal Secretary YVONNE CHAPERON Assistant Federal Secretary Australian Nursing

More information

11 Primary and community health

11 Primary and community health 11 Primary and community health CONTENTS 11.1 Profile of primary and community health 11.2 11.2 Framework of performance indicators 11.14 11.3 Key performance indicator results 11.17 11.4 Future directions

More information

Department of Education and Training Skilled Occupations List

Department of Education and Training Skilled Occupations List Level 1 / 114 Williams St T 61 3 9642 4899 office@speechpathologyaustralia.org.au Melbourne Victoria 3000 F 61 3 9642 4922 www.speechpathologyaustralia.org.au Speech Pathology Australia s submission to

More information

National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy. For people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds

National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy. For people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy For people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy For people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

More information

Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia 2006 07

Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia 2006 07 INJURY RESEARCH AND STATISTICS SERIES Number 53 Serious injury due to land transport accidents, Australia 2006 07 Geoff Henley and James E Harrison December 2009 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

More information

Senate Standing Committee on Education Employment and Workplace Relations. QUESTIONS ON NOTICE Additional Estimates 2012-2013

Senate Standing Committee on Education Employment and Workplace Relations. QUESTIONS ON NOTICE Additional Estimates 2012-2013 Senate Standing Committee on Education Employment and Workplace Relations QUESTIONS ON NOTICE Additional Estimates 2012-2013 Outcome 2 - Schools and Youth DEEWR Question No. EW1014_13 Senator Back asked

More information

Overview. Early Childhood Education and Care Grants Program

Overview. Early Childhood Education and Care Grants Program Overview Early Program The Early Program Overview is intended to inform the NSW early childhood education and care sector about the funding assistance that is available from the NSW Department of Education

More information

Accurium SMSF Retirement Insights

Accurium SMSF Retirement Insights Accurium SMSF Retirement Insights SMSF Trustees healthier, wealthier and living longer Volume 2 April 2015 Our research indicates that SMSF trustees are healthier, wealthier and will live longer than the

More information

State of. Australia s. Young People

State of. Australia s. Young People State of Australia s Young People Commonwealth of Australia 2009 This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior

More information

Management of the Multicultural Servicing Strategy for the Delivery of Centrelink Services

Management of the Multicultural Servicing Strategy for the Delivery of Centrelink Services The Auditor-General Audit Report No.42 2011 12 Performance Audit Management of the Multicultural Servicing Strategy for the Delivery of Centrelink Services Department of Human Services Australian National

More information

May 8 th, 2013 Bulletin Highlights: per cent of the Brampton s 2011 surveyed population held a Canadian citizenship designation.

May 8 th, 2013 Bulletin Highlights: per cent of the Brampton s 2011 surveyed population held a Canadian citizenship designation. NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY BULLETIN #1 Immigration, Citizenship, Place of Birth, Language, Ethnic Origin, Visible Minorities, Religion, and Aboriginal Peoples May 8 th, 2013 Bulletin Highlights: 87.14 per

More information

YOUNG PEOPLE INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

YOUNG PEOPLE INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA FACT SHEET YOUNG PEOPLE INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA July 2013 Despite steady falls in South Australia s road toll over the past decade, young drivers continue to be overrepresented in road

More information

4 th December 2015. Private Health Insurance Consultations 2015-16 Department of Health. Via email: PHIconsultations2015-16@health.gov.

4 th December 2015. Private Health Insurance Consultations 2015-16 Department of Health. Via email: PHIconsultations2015-16@health.gov. 4 th December 2015 Private Health Insurance Consultations 2015-16 Department of Health Via email: PHIconsultations2015-16@health.gov.au Re: Private Health Insurance Consultations 2015-16 Dear Private Health

More information

Early Childhood Development in the NT: Issues to be addressed. Early Childhood Series No. 1. 2011

Early Childhood Development in the NT: Issues to be addressed. Early Childhood Series No. 1. 2011 Early Childhood Development in the NT: Issues to be addressed Early Childhood Series No. 1. 2011 Acknowledgements This publication was produced on behalf of the Department of Education and Training by

More information

Health expenditure Australia 2010 11

Health expenditure Australia 2010 11 Health expenditure Australia 2010 11 HEALTH AND WELFARE EXPENDITURE series No. 47 HEALTH AND WELFARE EXPENDITURE SERIES Number 47 Health expenditure Australia 2010 11 Australian Institute of Health and

More information

Global Cities and Housing

Global Cities and Housing Global Cities and Housing The Sydney Case in its Australian and International Context Vivienne Milligan Context Demography and urban settlement patterns Economic conditions Governance, policy and institutions

More information

Housing Affordability Report

Housing Affordability Report Housing Affordability Report JUNE QUARTER Stable market but no reprieve for first home Housing affordability remained relatively steady in the June quarter of with the proportion of income required to

More information

11 Primary and community health

11 Primary and community health 11 Primary and community health CONTENTS Indigenous data in the primary and community health chapter 236 Profile of primary and community health 237 Community health services 237 Dental services 237 Size

More information

Poverty, Social Exclusion and Disadvantage in Australia

Poverty, Social Exclusion and Disadvantage in Australia Poverty, Social Exclusion and Disadvantage in Australia Error! No text of specified style in document., Report Prepared for UNITINGCARE, CHILDREN, YOUNG PEOPLE AND FAMILIES Poverty, Social Exclusion and

More information

12 Mental health management

12 Mental health management 12 Mental health management CONTENTS Strait Islander data in the Mental health management chapter 12.2 Size and scope of sector 12.3 Framework of performance indicators for mental health management 12.4

More information

NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON TRANSITIONING RESPONSIBILITIES FOR AGED CARE AND DISABILITY SERVICES

NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON TRANSITIONING RESPONSIBILITIES FOR AGED CARE AND DISABILITY SERVICES National Partnership Agreement on Transitioning Responsibilities for Aged Care and Disability Services NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ON TRANSITIONING RESPONSIBILITIES FOR AGED CARE AND DISABILITY SERVICES

More information

3 Early childhood education and care

3 Early childhood education and care 3 Early childhood education and care CONTENTS 3.1 Profile of early childhood education and care 3.2 3.2 Framework of performance indicators 3.13 3.3 Key performance indicator results 3.16 3.4 Future directions

More information

What if York Region were a village of just

What if York Region were a village of just What if York Region were a village of just 00 PEOPLE? York Region is a diverse global village, made up of many different types of people of various backgrounds and languages. York Region is also fast-growing.

More information

Sydney West and Blue Mountains

Sydney West and Blue Mountains Slide 1 Sydney West and Blue Mountains Priority Employment Area 9 May 2014 Presenter: Ivan Neville Branch Manager Labour Market Research and Analysis Branch www.employment.gov.au Slide 2 Sydney West and

More information

Evaluating the effectiveness of Reconciliation Action Plans Report prepared by Auspoll

Evaluating the effectiveness of Reconciliation Action Plans Report prepared by Auspoll Evaluating the effectiveness of Reconciliation Action Plans Report prepared by Auspoll REPORT PREPARED BY: David Stolper Senior Research Partner d.stolper@auspoll.com.au T/ 02 9258 4462 Nick Wyatt Consultant

More information

Medicare enrolment application

Medicare enrolment application Medicare enrolment application When to use this form Use this form if you are: a migrant living in Australia applying for permanent residency and living in Australia a visitor to Australia an Australian

More information

What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women?

What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women? What are the statistics telling us about the issue of violence against women? Fiona Dowsley Director Social and Progress Reporting Australian Bureau of Statistics 13 th May 2013 Sydney, Australia In this

More information

Around 15,500 Kirklees residents in their 60s are working and are likely to retire from work in the next few years.

Around 15,500 Kirklees residents in their 60s are working and are likely to retire from work in the next few years. Retirement Headlines Around 15,500 Kirklees residents in their 60s are working and are likely to retire from work in the next few years. Experience of retirement varies with differing levels of access

More information

Report on the National Quality Framework & Regulatory Burden

Report on the National Quality Framework & Regulatory Burden Report on the National Quality Framework & Regulatory Burden 2013 Report on the National Quality Framework and Regulatory Burden Overview The National Quality Framework (NQF) was introduced to improve

More information

The Year of Living Dangerously

The Year of Living Dangerously The Year of Living Dangerously January 2011 Suncorp Life Accident Series Disclaimer Suncorp Life s Year of Living Dangerously report examines data prepared, published and publicly available from the Australian

More information

Health Spending in the Bush

Health Spending in the Bush Health Spending in the Bush An analysis of the geographic distribution of the private health insurance rebate Richard Denniss Introduction September 2003 Shortages of medical services in rural and regional

More information

2015 TEACHING WORKFORCE SUPPLY AND DEMAND

2015 TEACHING WORKFORCE SUPPLY AND DEMAND 21/09/15_19195 September 2015 PEO PLE A N D SERV I CES DI REC TO R AT E 2015 TEACHING WORKFORCE SUPPLY AND DEMAND NSW Department of Education 2015 Teaching Workforce Supply and Demand www.dec.nsw.gov.au

More information

How is alcohol expenditure distributed in Australia?

How is alcohol expenditure distributed in Australia? How is alcohol expenditure distributed in Australia? Exploring alcohol expenditure and experience of financial difficulties August 2015 Dr Heng Jiang Dr Michael Livingston Professor Robin Room This research

More information

Council of Social Service of NSW (NCOSS) Submission to IPART Pricing VET under Smart and Skilled (Draft Report)

Council of Social Service of NSW (NCOSS) Submission to IPART Pricing VET under Smart and Skilled (Draft Report) Council of Social Service of NSW (NCOSS) Submission to IPART Pricing VET under Smart and Skilled (Draft Report) August 2013 Council of Social Service of NSW (NCOSS) 66 Albion Street, Surry Hills 2010 Ph:

More information

AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC LIBRARIES STATISTICAL REPORT 2011-2012

AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC LIBRARIES STATISTICAL REPORT 2011-2012 AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC LIBRARIES STATISTICAL REPORT 2011-2012 Compiled by Regional Access and Public Libraries, State Library of Queensland July 2013 Foreword The National Library and the State and Territory

More information

Inquiry into educational opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students Submission 18

Inquiry into educational opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students Submission 18 Introduction The National Catholic Education Commission (NCEC) welcomes the opportunity to provide a submission as part of the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Indigenous Affairs inquiry

More information

Non-Award Study Application and Enrolment Form

Non-Award Study Application and Enrolment Form Non-Award Study Application and Enrolment Form LODGING YOUR APPLICATION Students should lodge this application with the relevant Faculty Office, at locations listed under the General s and Conditions section

More information

Children and young people at risk of social exclusion. Links between homelessness, child protection and juvenile justice DATA LINKAGE SERIES NO.

Children and young people at risk of social exclusion. Links between homelessness, child protection and juvenile justice DATA LINKAGE SERIES NO. Children and young people at risk of social exclusion Links between homelessness, child protection and juvenile justice DATA LINKAGE SERIES NO. 13 DATA LINKAGE SERIES Number 13 Children and young people

More information