MARBURG VIRUS Incubation: Symptoms in humans:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "MARBURG VIRUS Incubation: Symptoms in humans:"

Transcription

1

2

3 MARBURG VIRUS Incubation: 5 to 10 days (Source: CDC) Symptoms in humans: Disease s onset is sudden and is marked by fever, chills, headache, and myalgia. Around the 5th day after onset of symptoms, a maculopapular rash, most prominent on the trunk (chest, back, stomach), may occur. Nausea, vomiting, chest pain, a sore throat, abdominal pain, and diarrhea then may appear. Symptoms become increasingly severe and may include jaundice, inflammation of the pancreas, severe weight loss, delirium, shock, liver failure, massive hemorrhage, and multi-organ dysfunction.

4 MARBURG VIRUS Symptoms in nonhumans primates: No data available on any clinical signs of infection in the green monkeys that were the source of human infection in Experimentally infected vervet, rhesus or squirrel monkeys are highly susceptible to the virus. After a 2-6 days incubation, monkeys stay apathic, stop eating and drinking, had fever, and in some rhesus monkeys petechiae were observed. Within one to two days, monkeys have severe diarrhea and hemorrhages. Lesions are characterized by focal necrosis, especially in the liver. Hemorrhages were seen in parenchymatous tissues of the lungs, liver and spleen. MARBURG VIRUS Transmission Just how the animal host first transmits Marburg virus to humans is unknown. However, humans who become ill with Marburg hemorrhagic fever may spread the virus to other people. Persons who have handled infected monkeys and have come in direct contact with their fluids or cell cultures, have become infected. Spread of the virus between humans has occurred in a setting of close contact, often in a hospital. Droplets of body fluids, or direct contact with persons, equipment, or other objects contaminated with infectious blood or tissues are all highly suspect as sources of disease. (Source: CDC)

5 MARBURG VIRUS Risk factors and seroprevalence: Following the gold mine outbreak near Durba in , 15 (2%) of 912 participants in a general village antibody survey were positive for Marburg IgG antibody. Thirteen (87%) of these 15 were men who worked in the local gold mines. Working as a miner (odds ratio [OR] 13.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.1 to 62.1) and receiving injections (OR 7.4, 95% CI 1.6 to 33.2) were associated with a positive antibody result. The preponderance of antibody in male miners without obvious evidence for person-to-person transmission suggests that the local mines are a site of primary infection with Marburg virus, most likely through exposure to the primary zoonotic reservoir

6 EBOLA Virus Outbreak Bumba, Zaire 1976

7

8

9

10

11 Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, Africa Uganda (425/53%) Ivory Coast 1994 (1) Gabon 1994 (49/59%) 1996 (31/68%) 1996 (60/75%) (60/83%) Congo 2002 (39/59%) 2003 (143/89%) South Africa, 1996 (2/50%) Sudan 1976 (284/53%), 1979 (34/65%) Zaire/Dem. Rep. Congo 1976 (318/88%), 1977 (1), 1995 (316/81%) EBOLA VIRUS Incubation: 2 to 21 days Symptoms: Ebola is often characterized by the sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, limited kidney and liver functions, and both internal and external bleeding. (Source: WHO)

12

13 EBOLA outbreak Kikwit, 1995 Uganda, 2000

14

15

16 EBOLA VIRUS Transmission The Ebola virus is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or semen of infected persons. Transmission through semen may occur up to seven weeks after clinical recovery. Transmission of the Ebola virus has also occurred by handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, as was documented in Côte d'ivoire and Gabon. Health care workers have frequently been infected while attending patients. In the 1976 epidemic in Zaire, every Ebola case caused by contaminated syringes and needles died. (Source: WHO)

17 Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Kikwit, Zaire, 1995 transmission pattern P A T T E R N Total cases = 316 Total deaths = 245 (77%) Kikwit 2 Hospital Kikwit General Hospital January February March April May June International Notification early May July

18 A medical attendant helps a suspected Ebola case victim. (Sayyid Azim, AP) Outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever Country Year of No. human cases / Comments occurrence case-fatality rate Zaire(currently / 88% Democratic / not available Rep. of Congo) / 81% Sudan / 53% / 65% England / 0% single needle-stick case in laboratory Philippines Ebola-Reston in monkeys 1996 Ebola-Reston in monkeys USA Ebola-Reston in monkeys 1996 Ebola-Reston in monkeys Italy 1992 Ebola-Reston in monkeys Côte d'ivoire / 0% Also cases in chimpanzees Gabon / 63% / 57% South Africa / 50% initial case from Gabon Uganda / 53% Gabon /83% Congo /59% /89%

19 EBOLA Virus Outbreaks Africa

20

21 Pierre Rollin, CDC EBOLA VIRUS Natural Reservoir The natural reservoir of the Ebola virus seems to reside in the rain forests of Africa. Not yet identified. Different hypotheses developed to try to explain the origin of Ebola outbreaks. Initially, rodents were suspected, as for Lassa fever whose reservoir is a wild rodent (Mastomys). Another hypothesis is that a plant virus may have caused the infection of vertebrates. Laboratory observation shown that bats infected experimentally with Ebola do not die, which raised speculation that these mammals may play a role in maintaining the virus in the tropical forest. (Source: WHO)

22 EBOLA VIRUS Natural Reservoir (Cont d) Although non-human primates have been the source of infection for humans, they are not thought to be the reservoir. They, like humans, are infected directly from the natural reservoir or through a chain of transmission from the natural reservoir. Extensive ecological studies are currently under way in Côte d'ivoire to identify the reservoir of Ebola. Studies to identify the reservoir of Marburg virus, a closely related filovirus are being conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Source: WHO) 20 Suspected Ebola Cases, by exposure date, Gabon 1996 Number of Cases Direct exposure to chimpanzee 0 Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week Jan Feb Feb Feb.

23

24

25

26 EBOLA-RESTON VIRUS 1989: October 2: 100 cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) flown from Manila, (The Philippines) through Amsterdam to New York and then taken by truck to Reston, Virginia. Received on 10/4/89 and quarantine in room F. At that time there were about 500 cynomolgus monkeys in the facility. Mortality in room F was found to be higher than normal for the first few weeks. November 10, 1989: 2 dead monkeys and two killed monkeys showed signs of SHF : splenomegaly, enlarged kidneys, sporadic organ hemorrhages. High SLD levels. November 16: SHF virus isolated November 27: Observation of a filovirus by E.M. Isolates of EBO and SHF made from monkeys from rooms F and H. 12 monkeys in two of the 12 holding rooms were found infected. November 28: importation of monkeys from the Philippines to Pennsylvania. Several unexplained deaths. Virus isolated from the liver of one of the monkeys. Four humans developed antibodies but did not get sick.

27 EBOLA-RESTON VIRUS 1990: Reston Virus isolated from a shipment of monkeys from the Philippines to Texas primate research facility and to Virginia. Four humans developed antibodies but did not get sick. 1992: March 11, 1992: importation to Italy (quarantine near Sienna) of 55 monkeys from the Philippines, 3/18: one monkey anorexic, found dead 3/20. 3 more deaths between 3/24 and 4/5. 4 more deaths in April. Virus isolated from 3 monkeys and high antibody titers in one monkey. 16 persons exposed. No illness, no sero conversion. EBOLA-RESTON VIRUS 1996: March 21, 100 cynomolgus monkeys shipped to Alice, Texas via Hong-Kong and Rome. during quarantine, one monkey sick (3/27) and died (3/30). Pneumonia, liver positive for Reston virus. Another sick monkey (4/10) tested for Reston Virus (serum +). Second monkey housed in a cage at opposite end of the block of cages. No human infection identified. 1996: Ebola-Reston virus identified in a monkey export facility in the Philippines. No human infections were identified. So far about 12 known seropositive persons: 6 in the USA (Reston, Virginia) and 6 in the Philippines. None were sick.

28 EBOLA-RESTON VIRUS SYMPTOMS In non-human primates: The disease is characterized by prostration, fever, lack of appetite after an average 7 days of incubation (7-14 days). Clinical changes were subtle and difficult to detect until ~24 hours before death, when anorexia and depression became obvious, followed rapidly by shock, hypothermia, extreme lethargy and coma. Hemorrhagic lesions were very discrete in a few monkeys (rectal bleeding).

Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients

Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients Provincial Ebola Expert Working Group Jan. 20, 2015 Contents A. Preamble...3 B. Guiding Principles...3

More information

Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients

Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients Recommendations for Emergency Departments in Caring for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Patients Provincial Ebola Expert Working Group March 10, 2015 Contents A. Preamble... 3 B. Guiding Principles...

More information

Ebola is a filovirus belonging to the virus family called Filoviridae (from the Latin, filum meaning thread)

Ebola is a filovirus belonging to the virus family called Filoviridae (from the Latin, filum meaning thread) Ebola is a filovirus belonging to the virus family called Filoviridae (from the Latin, filum meaning thread) The only other member of this virus family is Marburg virus which causes a similar illness.

More information

Office of Public Health Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Preparedness

Office of Public Health Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Preparedness Office of Public Health Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Preparedness Ebola Virus Disease Source: CDC Ebola Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a severe viral disease, caused by an infection

More information

Your Institution Logo Here. Your Division Logo Here. Audience Banner Here EBOLA. Location and Date Here

Your Institution Logo Here. Your Division Logo Here. Audience Banner Here EBOLA. Location and Date Here Your Institution Logo Here Audience Banner Here Your Division Logo Here EBOLA Location and Date Here 2014 Ebola Outbreak, West Africa This is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first Ebola epidemic

More information

Ebola virus disease. an introduction. CDC/Dr F. A. Murphy

Ebola virus disease. an introduction. CDC/Dr F. A. Murphy Ebola virus disease an introduction CDC/Dr F. A. Murphy 2 Ebola virus disease Ebola virus disease an introduction Brief description Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.

More information

Appendix B: Provincial Case Definitions for Reportable Diseases

Appendix B: Provincial Case Definitions for Reportable Diseases Infectious Diseases Protocol Appendix B: Provincial Case Definitions for Reportable Diseases Disease: Lassa Fever Revised December 2014 Lassa Fever 1.0 Provincial Reporting Confirmed and probable cases

More information

COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA Department of Health

COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA Department of Health COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA Department of Health MARISSA J. LEVINE, MD, MPH, FAAFP PO BOX 2448 TTY 7-1-1 OR STATE HEALTH COMMISSIONER RICHMOND, VA 23218 1-800-828-1120 Dear Colleague: Emerging Infections

More information

Common Infectious Diseases. Chapter 28 Lesson 2

Common Infectious Diseases. Chapter 28 Lesson 2 Common Infectious Diseases Chapter 28 Lesson 2 Respiratory Infections Respiratory tract infections are infections of the breathing passages, which range from the nose to the alveoli of the lungs. Most

More information

EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT

EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT HIGHLIGHTS EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT SITUATION REPORT 3 OCTOBER 204 There have been 3 567 reported Ebola cases in eight affected countries since the outbreak began, with 495 reported

More information

DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER

DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER ALTERNATIVE NAMES! Hemorrhagic dengue! Dengue shock syndrome! Philippine hemorrhagic fever! Thai hemorrhagic fever! Singapore hemorrhagic fever Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is an acute

More information

Canine Distemper. Overview

Canine Distemper. Overview Canine Distemper Canine distemper is a highly contagious disease caused by canine distemper virus (CDV). It may affect the respiratory, gastrointestinal and neurologic systems and is generally transmitted

More information

Swine Flu FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Swine Flu FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Swine Flu We know people are concerned about the swine flu situation and we share that concern. At this early stage of this outbreak, there is a lot of uncertainty and the situation

More information

EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT UPDATE

EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT UPDATE EBOLA RESPONSE ROADMAP ROADMAP SITUATION REPORT SITUATION REPORT UPDATE 25 OCTOBER 204 HIGHLIGHTS There have been 0 4 EVD cases in eight affected countries since the outbreak began, with 4922 deaths Mali

More information

Ebola virus disease. Filoviridae: enveloped RNA viruses

Ebola virus disease. Filoviridae: enveloped RNA viruses Ebola Conference Call for Healthcare Providers Wednesday, December 3, 2014 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Central Call in Number: 866-644-4188 Passcode: 41002632. Agenda Welcome - Overview; Doneen Hollingsworth,

More information

AN EBOLA CENTER? 11/14/2014. What does it take to be

AN EBOLA CENTER? 11/14/2014. What does it take to be What does it take to be AN EBOLA CENTER? Dr. Alexander Tomach DNP, RN, CIC Director, Infection Prevention & Control Amelia Bumsted, BA, BSN, RN, CRRN, CIC DNP student: Population-Based Infection Prevention

More information

Travel and transport risk assessment: Recommendations for public health authorities and transport sector

Travel and transport risk assessment: Recommendations for public health authorities and transport sector Travel and transport risk assessment: Recommendations for public health authorities and transport sector Correct at 01 August 2014 1. Summary of epidemiological facts and experience The incubation period

More information

THE A, B, C S OF HEPATITIS. Matt Eidem, M.D. Digestive Health Associates of Texas 1600 Coit Road Suite #301 Plano, Texas 75075 (972) 867-0019

THE A, B, C S OF HEPATITIS. Matt Eidem, M.D. Digestive Health Associates of Texas 1600 Coit Road Suite #301 Plano, Texas 75075 (972) 867-0019 THE A, B, C S OF HEPATITIS Matt Eidem, M.D. Digestive Health Associates of Texas 1600 Coit Road Suite #301 Plano, Texas 75075 (972) 867-0019 WHAT IS HEPATITIS? Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver

More information

Novel A/H1N1. About causing agent. Swine influenza in humans. What is it?

Novel A/H1N1. About causing agent. Swine influenza in humans. What is it? Novel A/H1N1 About causing agent What is it? It is a new strain of Influenza virus A/H1N1. There have been reports of influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe pneumonia cases in Mexico, USA and Canada.

More information

Novel Influenza A (H1N1)

Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Novel Influenza A (H1N1) H1N1 Healthcare Briefings September 10, 2009 P. Bryon Backenson Director, Investigations Unit Bureau of Communicable Disease Control New York State Department of Health What is

More information

Public Health Monitoring of Returning Travellers

Public Health Monitoring of Returning Travellers Introduction Ebola virus disease (EVD) is associated with a high fatality rate, and is currently affecting several countries in West Africa. Although the risk in Canada is very low, Ontario s health care

More information

Keep Safe Keep Serving

Keep Safe Keep Serving Keep Safe Keep Serving Description of the Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) Package Community Health Care Facilities Health Care Facilities Health Care Facilities Standard Operating Procedures for

More information

Ebola Preparedness: Staff Education and Training. Ebola Preparedness 10/2014 Page 1

Ebola Preparedness: Staff Education and Training. Ebola Preparedness 10/2014 Page 1 Ebola Preparedness: Staff Education and Training Ebola Preparedness 10/2014 Page 1 Current Situation: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic continues to rage in the West African Countries of Liberia. Sierra

More information

Advice for Colleges, Universities, and Students about Ebola in West Africa For Colleges and Universities

Advice for Colleges, Universities, and Students about Ebola in West Africa For Colleges and Universities Advice for Colleges, Universities, and Students about Ebola in West Africa For Colleges and Universities Advice for Study Abroad, Foreign Exchange, or Other Education-related Travel Is it safe to travel

More information

Swine Influenza and You

Swine Influenza and You CAROLINE CALDERONE BAISLEY DIRECTOR OF HEALTH DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH Swine Flu: FAQ s QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS: Swine Influenza and You MICHAEL LONG, Director DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES DOUGLAS SERAFIN,

More information

It takes a planet: global implications/consequences of local vaccine refusal

It takes a planet: global implications/consequences of local vaccine refusal It takes a planet: global implications/consequences of local vaccine refusal Meg Fisher, MD Medical Director Disclosures I have no disclosures. I may be mentioning off label uses of vaccines. Objectives/Outcomes

More information

Ebola: Teaching Points for Nurse Educators

Ebola: Teaching Points for Nurse Educators Ebola: Teaching Points for Nurse Educators Heightened media attention on emerging disease outbreaks such as Ebola may raise concerns among students. During outbreaks such as Ebola, nursing faculty are

More information

Zika Virus. History of Zika virus

Zika Virus. History of Zika virus Zika Virus Zika fever is caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus). The Zika virus is a member of the Alphavirus genus in the family Togaviridae. It is related to dengue, yellow

More information

Addendum. Issue 1: Clarification of risk for infection if you get poked with a needle or cut with an instrument and the person has hepatitis B

Addendum. Issue 1: Clarification of risk for infection if you get poked with a needle or cut with an instrument and the person has hepatitis B Public Health and Primary Health Care Division Communicable Disease Control 4 th Floor, 300 Carlton St, Winnipeg, MB R3B 3M9 T 204 788-6737 F 204 948-2040 www.manitoba.ca July 4, 2012 Addendum Issue 1:

More information

INFECTIOUS DISEASES TABLE OF CONTENTS. INFECTIOUS DISEASES Infectious Diseases... ID 1 Categories & How Diseases Spread...

INFECTIOUS DISEASES TABLE OF CONTENTS. INFECTIOUS DISEASES Infectious Diseases... ID 1 Categories & How Diseases Spread... INFECTIOUS DISEASES TABLE OF CONTENTS INFECTIOUS DISEASES Infectious Diseases... ID 1 Categories & How Diseases Spread...ID 1 ID 3 OTHER RESOURCES Guidelines For Infectious Diseases Reporting & Exclusions

More information

Potential Pandemic Update #2. H1N1 Virus (Swine Flu) May 4, 2009

Potential Pandemic Update #2. H1N1 Virus (Swine Flu) May 4, 2009 Safety Health Environmental Consulting and Training Potential Pandemic Update #2 H1N1 Virus (Swine Flu) May 4, 2009 CURRENT SITUATION The Acting Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) declared a

More information

Movie Review - Ebola: The Plague Fighters (1996) Reviewed By: Lani Hoffmann Date: September 27 th, 2007

Movie Review - Ebola: The Plague Fighters (1996) Reviewed By: Lani Hoffmann Date: September 27 th, 2007 Movie Review - Ebola: The Plague Fighters (1996) Reviewed By: Lani Hoffmann Date: September 27 th, 2007 Characters: Stacy Keach - Narrator Dr. William Close, Dr. Russell Coleman, Dr. Ali Khan, Dr. Peter

More information

What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs.

What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. Swine Flu H1N1 What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by Type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. Swine flu viruses have been reported

More information

THE VIRUS OF EBOLA FEVER AND SYMPTOMS - A GATE WAY TO CONTROL

THE VIRUS OF EBOLA FEVER AND SYMPTOMS - A GATE WAY TO CONTROL THE VIRUS OF EBOLA FEVER AND SYMPTOMS - A GATE WAY TO CONTROL Dr. T N Murty Director, Nimra College of Business Management, Vijayawada. S. Annapurna Secondary Grade Teacher, MPP School, Tholapi, Srikakulam.

More information

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2 Contents Babies from Birth to Age 2... 2 Vaccines give parents the power... 2 Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives... 3 Talk to your doctor... 3 Vaccines are very safe... 3 Whooping Cough (Pertussis)...

More information

Adapted from a presentation by Sharon Canclini, R.N., MS, FCN Harris College of Nursing and Health Sciences Texas Christian University

Adapted from a presentation by Sharon Canclini, R.N., MS, FCN Harris College of Nursing and Health Sciences Texas Christian University Adapted from a presentation by Sharon Canclini, R.N., MS, FCN Harris College of Nursing and Health Sciences Texas Christian University What is a Pandemic? A pandemic is basically a global epidemic an epidemic

More information

Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Pathogens Learning Objectives By the end of this section, the participant should be able to: Name 3 bloodborne pathogens Identify potentially contaminated bodily fluids Describe 3 safe work

More information

While in the Amazon jungle of Peru during January of 2005, an infectious disease

While in the Amazon jungle of Peru during January of 2005, an infectious disease Dengue Fever: A Bad Case of Flu While in the Amazon jungle of Peru during January of 2005, an infectious disease physician from the United States told me and my students that dengue fever is not in the

More information

X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary

X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary Introduction Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian influenza viruses. Avian means bird and flu is an abbreviation of influenza. Avian flu

More information

The Big Six. One of the duties of the Person in Charge (PIC) FOOD PROTECTION CONNECTION

The Big Six. One of the duties of the Person in Charge (PIC) FOOD PROTECTION CONNECTION FOOD PROTECTION CONNECTION 1 HOUR SAN The Big Six by Melissa Vaccaro, MS, CHO One of the duties of the Person in Charge (PIC) is to ensure that employees understand and report important health information

More information

Interim Illinois Department of Public Health Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure

Interim Illinois Department of Public Health Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure Interim Illinois Department of Public Health Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure Updated: November 10, 2014 The world is facing the biggest and most complex

More information

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets.

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets. Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions can save lives. Every second, someone in the world needs a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions can replace the blood lost from a serious injury or surgery.

More information

BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC

BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC HIV What are HIV and AIDS? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is

More information

Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients. with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S.

Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients. with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Appendix D October 10, 2014 Infection Prevention and Control s for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals Standard, contact, and droplet precautions are recommended

More information

WHO Interim Guidance for International Meetings Attended by Individuals from Ebola Virus Disease-affected countries

WHO Interim Guidance for International Meetings Attended by Individuals from Ebola Virus Disease-affected countries INTERIM GUIDANCE WHO Interim Guidance for International Meetings Attended by Individuals from Ebola Virus Disease-affected countries 3 October 2014 World Health Organization 2014. All rights reserved.

More information

The Virus. Virus Reproduction The Lysogenic Cycle. The Virus Structure. Virus Reproduction The Lytic Cycle. Virus Reproduction

The Virus. Virus Reproduction The Lysogenic Cycle. The Virus Structure. Virus Reproduction The Lytic Cycle. Virus Reproduction The Virus & The Bacteria The Virus 20nm-60nm Not considered alive. Can only reproduce inside the Host Cell. Specific Attach only to specific cells based on the proteins in the cell membrane. The Virus

More information

Stay at Arm s Length from Persons Coughing or Sneezing, Avoid Gathering and Wash your Hands Frequently To Check H1N1 spread. Homeopathy Can Help

Stay at Arm s Length from Persons Coughing or Sneezing, Avoid Gathering and Wash your Hands Frequently To Check H1N1 spread. Homeopathy Can Help Stay at Arm s Length from Persons Coughing or Sneezing, Avoid Gathering and Wash your Hands Frequently To Check H1N1 spread Homeopathy Can Help Feature Health *Dr. H. R. Keshavamurthy Influenza A (H1N1)

More information

RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab 2007 Page 1 of 5

RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab 2007 Page 1 of 5 RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab is FDA approved for the treatment of low-grade or follicular CD20-positive, B-cell non-hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL); treatment of diffuse large B-cell CD20-positive NHL; treatment

More information

Myth If someone with Ebola sneezes or sweats on you you will catch it

Myth If someone with Ebola sneezes or sweats on you you will catch it EBOLA MYTH BUSTER General myths Myth There could be an Ebola outbreak in the UK at any time Fact We are not expecting a major outbreak in this country. The Chief Medical Officer has been clear that she

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH)

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH) What is pertussis? General Questions About Pertussis Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a contagious illness that is spread when an infected person

More information

The Polio Virus. Getting to Know Your Old Enemy. Marcia Falconer, Ph.D.

The Polio Virus. Getting to Know Your Old Enemy. Marcia Falconer, Ph.D. The Polio Virus Getting to Know Your Old Enemy Marcia Falconer, Ph.D. The Polio Virus Virus is smallest living thing that can reproduce itself Outer shell (capsid) Inner genetic material (RNA) and one

More information

Hepatitis Vaccination Policy

Hepatitis Vaccination Policy Hepatitis Vaccination Policy Purpose To outline requirements for Hepatitis Vaccinations Scope All operational levels of Life Saving Victoria Policy Background Hepatitis is a highly infectious disease.

More information

Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease

Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease Introduction Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a common viral illness. It usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. But it can sometimes happen in adults.

More information

Ebola Virus Precaution guidelines

Ebola Virus Precaution guidelines Ebola Virus Precaution guidelines 1 Introduction Who is this guidance for? The guidance is designed for crew to protect themselves, their colleagues, guests and others around them. The guidance focuses

More information

Zika Virus. Fred A. Lopez, MD, MACP Richard Vial Professor Department of Medicine Section of Infectious Diseases

Zika Virus. Fred A. Lopez, MD, MACP Richard Vial Professor Department of Medicine Section of Infectious Diseases Zika Virus Fred A. Lopez, MD, MACP Richard Vial Professor Department of Medicine Section of Infectious Diseases What is the incubation period for Zika virus infection? Unknown but likely to be several

More information

Other Causes of Fever

Other Causes of Fever T e c h n i c a l S e m i n a r s Other Causes of Fever Febrile Illness Causes Fever After Seven Days Referral Relapsing Fever - Borreliosis Overview JHR Adaptation Sore Throat Overview Prevention Management

More information

2016 OSHA Blood-borne Pathogens (BBP) Update JHS Annual Mandatory Education

2016 OSHA Blood-borne Pathogens (BBP) Update JHS Annual Mandatory Education 2016 OSHA Blood-borne Pathogens (BBP) Update 2016 JHS Annual Mandatory Education Objectives Discuss the epidemiology of Blood-borne Pathogens List the statistics of HIV/AIDS cases Identify the correlation

More information

Swine Influenza Outbreak Released: 25 April 2009, 1900 EDT

Swine Influenza Outbreak Released: 25 April 2009, 1900 EDT Swine Influenza Outbreak Released: 25 April 2009, 1900 EDT KEY FINDINGS The current swine influenza outbreak exhibits unusual characteristics of concern: o The outbreak is affecting adults and spreading

More information

Diseases transmitted by Aedes Aegypti. Dengue

Diseases transmitted by Aedes Aegypti. Dengue Diseases transmitted by Aedes Aegypti Dengue What is Dengue? Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. In Brazil, it was first identified in 1986. It is estimated that 50 million

More information

Borderless Diseases By Sunny Thai

Borderless Diseases By Sunny Thai Borderless Diseases By Sunny Thai Millennium Development Goal #6 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other borderless diseases. A. Halt and begin reversing spread of HIV by 2015. B. Achieve universal access

More information

Seroprevalence and risk factors of Lassa fever infection in Nasarawa State, Nigeria 2013

Seroprevalence and risk factors of Lassa fever infection in Nasarawa State, Nigeria 2013 Seroprevalence and risk factors of Lassa fever infection in Nasarawa State, Nigeria 2013 Muhammad Shakir Balogun COHORT 3 Nigeria-FELTP Supervisors: Dr. AT Olayinka, Dr. AI Mamman Outline Background Methodology

More information

WHEREAS, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and potentially deadly disease caused

WHEREAS, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and potentially deadly disease caused STATE OF NEW YORK : DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH --------------------------------------------------------------------------X IN THE MATTER OF THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE ORDER FOR SUMMARY

More information

THE FLU SEASON HAS BEGUN! ARE YOU READY FOR IT?

THE FLU SEASON HAS BEGUN! ARE YOU READY FOR IT? THE FLU SEASON HAS BEGUN! ARE YOU READY FOR IT? This flu season could be the worst Dallas County and the North Texas area has seen in years, and we want YOU to be prepared. Please take the time to review

More information

Facts about. Bird flu

Facts about. Bird flu Facts about Bird flu What is bird flu? Bird flu is a disease of birds, but can affect people as well. It is also called avian influenza and is caused by the H5N1 influenza virus. Bird flu can spread very

More information

Tuberculosis: FAQs. What is the difference between latent TB infection and TB disease?

Tuberculosis: FAQs. What is the difference between latent TB infection and TB disease? Tuberculosis: FAQs What is TB disease? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria (germs) that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect

More information

Nieuws? 24 people who had been in close contact with infected family members but had never become ill. In 11 people, the researchers found antibodies to the Ebola virus, indicating they had been infected.

More information

Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Preventing Disease Transmission

Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Preventing Disease Transmission Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Preventing Disease Transmission American Red Cross Training Module for Compliance with CCR, Title 8, Section 5193 and 29CFR 1910.1030 This training is one of the requirements

More information

FOOD POISONING. Not cooking food at the right temperature and/or for the right length of time Not chilling food at the correct temperature

FOOD POISONING. Not cooking food at the right temperature and/or for the right length of time Not chilling food at the correct temperature FOOD POISONING Introduction Food poisoning is an illness as result of eating or drinking food that has been contaminated. It is usually caused by germs (bacteria, such as E.coli and salmonella) that are

More information

Employee/Occupational Health Management of Healthcare Workers who are Close Contacts or Contacts of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

Employee/Occupational Health Management of Healthcare Workers who are Close Contacts or Contacts of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Employee/Occupational Health Management of Healthcare Workers who are Close Contacts or Contacts of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Version 2.0: 17-December-2014 Approval: Provincial EVD Preparedness Task Group

More information

BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS EXPOSURE REPORT

BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS EXPOSURE REPORT BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS EXPOSURE REPORT In case of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, complete this form and return to the Infection Control Nurse within 24 hours for post-exposure evaluation. If other persons

More information

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary Introduction H1N1 flu, also called swine flu, is a respiratory disease of pigs that has now spread to humans. Swine refers to animals such as pigs, hogs,

More information

Bloodborne Pathogens 1

Bloodborne Pathogens 1 Bloodborne Pathogens Introduction You are here because at some point in your job you may be exposed to blood and/or body fluids. Specific job codes of employees enrolled in the BBP are outlined in the

More information

READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY.

READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY. READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY. Information and medical advice for the public on Pandemic

More information

The Epidemiology of Hepatitis A, B, and C

The Epidemiology of Hepatitis A, B, and C The Epidemiology of Hepatitis A, B, and C Jamie Berkes M.D. University of Illinois at Chicago jberkes@uic.edu Epidemiology: Definitions The study of the incidence and prevalence of diseases in large populations

More information

Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines

Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines Introduction Pandemic flu is a form of influenza that spreads rapidly to affect most countries and regions around the world. Unlike the 'ordinary' flu that occurs

More information

#ebolapaho

#ebolapaho Risk Communication Plan for the first case of Ebola* www.paho.org #ebolapaho This document describes possible risk communication activities supporting the public announcement of a possible first case of

More information

Guidance for public health units August 27, 2015

Guidance for public health units August 27, 2015 Management of Cases of Ebola and their Contacts in Ontario Guidance for public health units August 27, 2015 1 Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care Emergency Management Branch 1075 Bay Street, Suite 810

More information

Bloodborne Pathogens. Scott Anderson CCEMTP. Materials used with permission from the Oklahoma State University

Bloodborne Pathogens. Scott Anderson CCEMTP. Materials used with permission from the Oklahoma State University Bloodborne Pathogens Scott Anderson CCEMTP Materials used with permission from the Oklahoma State University What is a Bloodborne Pathogen? Microorganisms that are carried in the blood that can cause disease

More information

Indicate whether the case had jaundice. If not known or unavailable then select the Unknown option.

Indicate whether the case had jaundice. If not known or unavailable then select the Unknown option. HBC-1 HEPATITIS B, C, NOS Disease name Disease Indicate whether the case is hepatitis B, C or NOS (Not Otherwise Specified). Select hepatitis NOS for cases of hepatitis D, hepatitis E or if the type of

More information

IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ

IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ PART III: CONSUMER INFORMATION combined hepatitis A (inactivated) and hepatitis B (recombinant) vaccine This leaflet is part III of a three-part "Product Monograph" published when was approved for sale

More information

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE Public Health Activities & Services Inventory Technical Notes COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CLINICAL SERVICES, SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL In 2014, decision was made to adopt number of national public health activities

More information

Pain Questionnaire. Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495

Pain Questionnaire. Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495 Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495 Pain Questionnaire Date First name Last name Middle initial Date of birth Sex Male Female Height Weight

More information

Facts you should know about pandemic flu. Pandemic Flu

Facts you should know about pandemic flu. Pandemic Flu Facts you should know about pandemic flu Pandemic Flu What s this brochure all about? This brochure provides information about pandemic flu. It gives the answers to 10 important questions concerning an

More information

West Nile virus in the WHO european region

West Nile virus in the WHO european region West Nile virus in the WHO european region This information leaflet contains six sections and is intended for a generic and public health audience: 1. WNv is found in europe. What are the risks in European

More information

AIR FORCE REPORTABLE EVENTS GUIDELINES & CASE DEFINITIONS

AIR FORCE REPORTABLE EVENTS GUIDELINES & CASE DEFINITIONS AIR FORCE REPORTABLE EVENTS GUIDELINES & CASE DEFINITIONS An Air Force addendum to the TRI-SERVICE REPORTABLE EVENTS GUIDELINES & CASE DEFINITIONS Prepared by: Air Force Institute for Operational Health

More information

HBC-1. If the case had jaundice, tick the Yes box. If not, tick the No box. If not known or unavailable then tick the Unknown box.

HBC-1. If the case had jaundice, tick the Yes box. If not, tick the No box. If not known or unavailable then tick the Unknown box. HBC-1 HEPATITIS B, C, NOS Disease Name Disease Indicate whether the case is hepatitis B, C or NOS (Not Otherwise Specified). Use NOS for cases of hepatitis D or E or if the type of hepatitis has not been

More information

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever If any of the following warning signs appear rush IMMEDIATELY to an emergency room or the closest health care provider

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever If any of the following warning signs appear rush IMMEDIATELY to an emergency room or the closest health care provider Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted when bitten by an infected mosquito ( striped Aedes aegypti). The mosquito flourishes during rainy seasons, incubation period

More information

Exposure. What Healthcare Personnel Need to Know

Exposure. What Healthcare Personnel Need to Know Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Infectious Diseases Divison of Healthcare Quality Promotion and Division of Viral Hepatitis For additional brochures

More information

Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes.

Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes. Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes.org/ Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum) is a common, mild, childhood

More information

BLOOD BORNE PATHOGEN AWARENESS TRAINING. Purpose and Scope of the Standard

BLOOD BORNE PATHOGEN AWARENESS TRAINING. Purpose and Scope of the Standard BLOOD BORNE PATHOGEN AWARENESS TRAINING Purpose and Scope of the Standard The purpose of the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard is to protect workers from bloodborne infectious diseases. Protection is particularly

More information

Welcome to Bloodborne Pathogens Introduction

Welcome to Bloodborne Pathogens Introduction Introduction Bloodborne Pathogens and the Law U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has issued regulations for the employers to protect employees from occupational

More information

Mumps (Infectious parotitis) Acute viral illness, It is a disease caused by the mumps virus.

Mumps (Infectious parotitis) Acute viral illness, It is a disease caused by the mumps virus. Mumps (Infectious parotitis) Acute viral illness, It is a disease caused by the mumps virus. ١ د. وجدان اكرم Parotitis and orchitis described by Hippocrates in 5th century B.C. Viral etiology described

More information

TB and HIV Counseling Flipchart

TB and HIV Counseling Flipchart and HIV Counseling Flipchart THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA MINISTRY OF HEALTH Designed for the Ministry of Health with technical assistance from Health Communication Partnership (HCP) and funding from the United

More information

UCSF Communicable Disease Surveillance and Vaccination Policy

UCSF Communicable Disease Surveillance and Vaccination Policy Office of Origin: Occupational Health Program I. PURPOSE To provide a sustainable, healthy and safe working environment for UCSF research laboratory staff, and animal research care staff and to prevent

More information

Air and ship traffic regulations and recommendations applicable to Ebola

Air and ship traffic regulations and recommendations applicable to Ebola Air and ship traffic regulations and recommendations applicable to Ebola I. IATA guidelines of October 2011 Accessible at: http://www.iata.org/whatwedo/safety/health/documents/health-guidelinescabin-crew-2011.pdf

More information

Starter 10 minutes Main 30 minutes Plenary 10 minutes. Approximately minutes 1-4

Starter 10 minutes Main 30 minutes Plenary 10 minutes. Approximately minutes 1-4 1. Identify ten animals that can contract rabies 2. identify five animals that cannot contract rabies 3. Describe a virus 4. Name the causes of rabies 5. Identify how rabies can and cannot be transmitted

More information

RABIES. Key facts. Symptoms

RABIES. Key facts. Symptoms 1 RABIES Key facts Rabies occurs in more than 150 countries and territories. More than 55 000 people die of rabies every year mostly in Asia and Africa. 40% of people who are bitten by suspect rabid animals

More information

GUIDELINES FOR THE TRAINING OF COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS FOR SOCIAL MOBILIZATION AGAINST EBOLA

GUIDELINES FOR THE TRAINING OF COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS FOR SOCIAL MOBILIZATION AGAINST EBOLA GUIDELINES FOR THE TRAINING OF COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS FOR SOCIAL MOBILIZATION AGAINST EBOLA This is a guideline for training community volunteers to educate communities about the Ebola outbreak and to mobilize

More information

Personal Injury TYPES OF HOLIDAY ILLNESSES. www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200

Personal Injury TYPES OF HOLIDAY ILLNESSES. www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200 TYPES OF HOLIDAY ILLNESSES Whilst on holiday many different contractable illnesses exist, the list below contains the most common. This list is by no means exhaustive and if you have suffered from an illness

More information

DIET IN DISORDERS OF LIVER

DIET IN DISORDERS OF LIVER DIET IN DISORDERS OF LIVER See inside.. Introduction Liver diseases Dietary care & management Conclusion Introduction Liver is the largest gland in the body, which plays a vital role, performing many complex

More information