EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH"

Transcription

1 ÞÍÈÑÅÔ IECD project, Health and Nutrition, UNICEF EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH FACTS AND FIGURES Inside: Infant and Under-Five Mortality Child Malnutrition Vitamin A Deficiency Vitamin D Deficiency Anemia Iodine Deficiency Disorders Breastfeeding Low Birthweight Immunization Maternal Mortality Fertility and Family Planning Ulaanbaatar 22

2 Rural children have limited access to ARI care Percentage of children with ARI taken to health provider, by residence Mongolia East Asia and Pacific Developing countries Rural Urban About 686 children aged -5 years died in three years ( ) Under five mortality rate is the highest from January to April and the lowest in autumn months. Treatment of children under five suffering from diarrhoea, unsufficient in Northern region Percentage of under-five children with diarrhea, treated by ORS in Mongolia, 2, by region Northern Western Eastern Central Southern In the countryside, fathers and grandparents play an important role in child care Though parents are the child s most intimate people, grandparents, elder brothers, and sisters and other relatives also play an important role in caring for children. Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses National programs for controlling Acute Respiratory Infection and Diarrheal Diseases have certainly played a significant role in the reduction of child mortality rates. There was a 4 fold decrease in the death of children under five from ARI and a 9 fold decrease in the death of children under five from diarrhoeal diseases. Since 1999, the Government of Mongolia has been introducing Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) with UNICEF and WHO support. The IMCI strategy combines improved management of childhood illnesses with nutrition, immunization and other important factors influencing child health, including maternal health Policy Implications and Recommendations To improve home care practices through community based activities Continue early stage implementation of IMCI and strengthen ARI/CDD case management Clinical training for soum and family doctors and nurses Follow-up on learning performance Evaluation and consensus meeting, workshop Review meeting at regional and national levels Improve supply of essential supplements Supply of basic medical equipment and IMCI essential drugs Develop IEC materials for health workers and community Develop IEC materials for care providers & for distribution to general public Printing of guideline and training manuals for health workers and for distribution, translation of technical instructions and manuals Provide technical support & capacity building

3 Percentage of under-fives underweight, Underweight Stunting The causes of malnutrition Poor knowledge of mothers on child feeding practice and complementary food preparation Lack of information and training for mothers on the importance of adequate feeding for infants Inappropriate commitment of health workers to inform and train young and pregnant women and lactating mothers on the preparation of appropriate meals for infants and children Recurrent illness from respiratory and alimentary tract disorders and middle-ear inflammations Low family income, shortage and limited variety of food products at the household level Low birthweight Children of low income family (less than 1 thousand tugrigs per family member) are 3 times more susceptible to protein energy malnutrition Relation between prevalence of malnutrition and household income Percentage of underweight children < >3. Family income per family member per month (by tugrugs) 9 out of 1 underweight children in poor families by live in rural area Percentage of underweight children in poor families, by residence Sums 41% Policy implications and recommendations Improve early childhood care (ECC) practices and child feeding at household and community level Change behavior of mothers by providing information on appropriate diet, develop a training curriculum on ECC & support system Organize systematic training and awareness increase for health workers, young mothers and women on early childhood care practices. Encourage community participation and social mobilization Cooperate with the National Poverty Alleviation Program for improvement of the nutrition status of poor mothers and children Establish a local fund for improvement of the nutrition status of pregnant and lactating women, and children living in poor conditions Support public and private companies in establishing a child feeding unit and food sanatoriums in local areas Support initiatives for mother and child friendly environment among the community and organizations. Upgrade nutrition information and improve monitoring activities Strengthen Child Growth Promotion system and establish a national database on child nutrition Improve evaluation, monitoring and supplementation of micronutrients to young children, lactating women, adolescent girls and of iron to pregnant women. Create a favorable legal and trade environment and improve collaboration and cooperation Improve collaboration among the Government, NGOs, public and international organizations in the activities to improve the nutrition status of mothers and children Aimag center 48% City 11%

4 Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets reduction rate very slow in Mongolia Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency, Rickets affects one in every four children under 1 in Mongolia Prevalence of rickets among children under 1 and under Where rickets in children is highest Prevalence of rickets in children under 5 years of age Õîâä Äóíäãîâü Áàÿí-ªëãèé ªìíºãîâü Áàÿíõîíãîð Ãîâü-Àëòàé íäýñíèé ò âøèí Äîðíîä Óëààíáààòàð Àðõàíãàé Çàâõàí Ñýëýíãý City Aimag center Sum Children under 5 Children under 1 Causes of rickets are : irregular preventive activities from vitamin D deficiency for pregnant women and young children insufficient child feeding practice of mothers poor knowledge, practice of mothers on early childhood care Progress Prevalence of rickets has not decreased from the previous years rate. Compared to statistics for 1992, there is a decline of moderate and severe forms of rickets.... but There is a higher prevalence in urban areas with more symptoms of severe rickets. In Mongolia, one in every four children under 1 is affected by rickets. Thirty two percent of children aged -5 have complex symptoms of rickets. Issue Deficiency of Vitamin D and other vitamins are associated child morbidity and mortality and also cause developmental delays in children under five. Therefore the situation demonstrates the need to intensify rickets prevention measures starting from child birth, particularly with regard to improving food supply of mothers and children in rural areas, to conducting education activities, and setting up and organizing a Vitamin D supplementation, monitoring and evaluation system. Goal Reduction vitamin D deficiency among children under five by 5% of the 2 level by the year Source of all graphics:2nd National Nutrition survey, 2, NRC and UNICEF

5 Daily calorie intake (kcal) Policy implications and recommendations Poor feeding practice is the underlying cause of micronutrient malnutrition Patterns of first complementary feeding and feeding practice of malnourished children 4-12 months: - Complementary feeding started by family meal 23.5% - Weaning food 11.1% - Food not being prepared specifically for the children 1.8% - Bottle feeding 7.1% - Complementary feeding started by bantan 6.8% - Late start of complementary feeding 6.7% Dietary energy supply for poor families Kcal per capita per day Daily calorie intake in the food consumed by a household in urban and rural areas Daily calorie intake by level of subsistence living standard (SLS) Higher than SLS At SLS 69% 58% Lower than SLS Household living condition by level of subsistence living standard (SLS) Urban Rural Recommended daily calorie intake Sources of all graphics: Statistical Yearbook, 2 and 2 nd National Nutrition survey, 1999 A special policy to improve the food supply of vulnerable groups of the population needs to be implemented within the social safety system Successful implementation involves the participation and close collaboration of government leaders, local administration, NGOs, and all members of the society Create and streamline the legal environment for promoting fortified food production, supply and service Develop standards and technical conditions for food fortification Introduce modern technology for producing wheat flour fortified with vitamin D and iron Fortification and/or developing of dishes using animal blood should be investigated and tested Improve supply of essential supplements A regular supplement of iron, folic acid and vitamin D should be provided for children and women Vitamin A supplement should be provided, considering the high incidence of acute respiratory tract diseases in children Strengthen nutrition information and improve monitoring activities Develop and implement a methodology on prevention and monitoring vitamin D deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among children and pregnant and lactating women Improvement of evaluation, monitoring and research activities and supplementation of vitamin A, D and iron to young children, pregnant and lactating women and adolescent girls Develop IEC materials for health workers and community The IEC campaign should be conducted in order to bring about changes in community behavior. Information on protein energy deficiency and IDD, which is targeted at policy makers, parents, and care takers should be delivered in a timely way, to ensure sustainable effect Assessing the target population s perceptions, beliefs and practices regarding food supply and diet would be an extremely valuable method of acquiring essential information, which could help change people s behavior.

6 Low Birthweight Better data on birthweight is important Many infants in developing countries are not weighed at birth. Percentage of infants not weighed/ birthweight unknown Mongolia 5 East Asia/ Pacific 4 Developing countries babies with low birthweight are born a year in Mongolia & their health and development is in risk Percentage of Low birthweight less than 2.5 kg Aimag center has the highest number of Low Birthweight Infants Percentage of low birthweight children by residency Mongolia East Asia and Pacific Developing countries World 4.8 Capital city 6.1 Aimag center The Western region shows the highest incidence of low birthweight, at over 8% 5.4 Sources for all map and graphs: MICS-2, Soum center Countryside National average Percentage of low birthweight > > Progress 1 per cent of newborns are weighed at birth. Low Birthweight rate reduced by 2% in the last decade.... but An estimated 22 babies with low birthweight are born nationwide, and 25% of them in Western aimags and 35% in Ulaanbaatar. Approximately 48.2% of malnourished children under 5 were born with low birth weight. Issues Children with low birthweight are more susceptible to affect protein energy malnutrition and anemia compared to children with normal wiegh. Children of nearly 13% of mothers under 19 years old were born with low birthweight. Nearly 3% of malnourished children were born by mothers, with Low Body Index. Goal Reduction of the rate of low birth weight infants (less than 2.5 kg) by 3% of the 2 level by the year 21 Policy implications and recommendations Promoting control of fetus weight gain during pregnancy Multiple micronutrient and multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy Food supplementation for under nourished pregnant women Prevention of smoking and drinking in pregnancy Prevention & treatment of asymptomatic bacteria Interventions, which delay timing of the first pregnancy to later than 19 years of age

7 Immunization Measles immunization coverage, 2 Percentage of measles vaccination coverage, 1993 and 2 Mongolia East Asia/Pacific Global % Neonatal tetanus Neonatal tetanus was eliminated in Mongolia before 199 and consitutes no public health problem. New Hepatitis B vaccination introduced successfully Since 199, Mongolian children are immunized with a course of lowdose hepatitis B vaccine within 48 hours after birth and at 2 and 8 years of age. As a result, mortality due to hepatitis B among the risk group was reduced by 3 times by the year 2, compared to the 199s level. The vaccine, available at all aimag, soum and bagh level, was very successful in controlling endemic hepatitis B infection, where the virus is spread predominantly by horizontal transmission among infants and young children. Almost 9 out of 1 children under one fully immunised by six antigens Immunization coverage (under 1 year of age) in 1993, 1995 and 21 Hepatitis B Measles OPV3 DPT3 BCG Immunization Law In 2, the Government of Mongolia approved the Immunization Law. The Immunization Law plays a significant role in prevention of infectious diseases and encouraging people to be responsible for their own health. Progress Immunisation coverage in Mongolia is considered satisfactory achieving 92-94% immunisation coverage for one-year old infants by six types of antigens. The country has received Polio Free Country certificate from WHO in 21. No new cases of diphtheria, which reappeared in 1994, have been reported.... but In 21, the number of reported measles cases increased by 1 times compared to 2. Child mortality from complications of tuberculosis and congenital syphilis is increasing. This is directly related to the regularity and quality of antenatal care, the quality of the vaccination service and measles surveillance as well as women s health education. Goal Maintenance of a high level of immunization coverage against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, measles, tuberculosis and hepatitis B Policy implications and recommendations Reaching and providing immunization to children without access to immunization services Ensuring that financial sustainability of immunization becomes one of priorities

8 Fertility and Family Planning Use of modern contraceptives is the lowest in Northern region Use of modern contraceptives by regions, in percent Central Western Southern Eastern Northern IUD the most common methods of contraception Percentage of women aged who use contraceptive methods Condom 4% Injection 6% IUD 34% Pill 3% Calendar 9% Don t used 33% Others 6% Source: MICS-2, 2, UNICEF Social factors related to fertility Education, age and marital status affect fertility: better educated women have lower fertility than the less educated. Fertility levels in urban areas are lower than in rural areas and fertility level is the highest in the Western region. Nearly 22% of husbands do not approve family planning methods. Progress Fertility rate has significantly decreased during the 199s. Total fertility rate is 3 children per woman. Around 67% of reproductive age women use contraceptives, and among these 74% reported that they use modern methods. More than half of women use contraceptives free of charge.... but The number of adolescents giving birth has increased in the last ten years. Nine per cent of years old girls gave birth and in the South region 26% of teenage girls have started childbearing. Two third of unwanted pregnancies were terminated by abortions. Goal Improve use of contraceptive methods and reduce the rate of abortions the level of 2 by the year 26 Maternal death is the highest in the Western region Maternal mortality rate per 1 live births High Medium Low Sources of map and graphic:survey of Maternal mortality in Mongolia, 21

9 UNICEF contributions and supports UNICEF mandate is: To protect the rights of the child and improve their health and nutrition. In Mongolia, UNICEF works with the Government of Mongolia, other UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, communities, families and children themselves. UNICEF supported six national programs in : 1. National Immunization Program, National programs for controlling Acute Respiratory Infection and Control of Diarrheal Diseases, National Program against Iodine Deficiency Disorder, National Program on Children s Development until 2, National Program on Nutrition and Health, Health education program, UNICEF will support four national programs related to health and nutrition in within the new country program of cooperation: 1. National Immunization Program, National Plan of Action for Food Security, Safety and Nutrition, National Program on Elimination Iodine Deficiency Disorder, National Plan of Action for the Development and Protection of Children, UNICEF Expenditure on Health and Nutrition projects (in percentages) Support to Maternal and Child Nutrition Project (in percentages) Safe Motherhood UNICEF 6% Expanded program for Immunization Child Health Child Nutrition International NGOs 31% Government 9% Results of the following surveys conducted with UNICEF Mongolia support, have been used for these Fact sheets: - Ministry of Health and UNICEF (2), Survey on Mortality in Children under five: Causes and Influencing Factors. Ulaanbaatar - UNICEF (2) Children and Women in Mongolia Situation Analysis Report-2 (SITAN). Ulaanbaatar - Nutrition Research Center and UNICEF (2) Second National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar - National Statistics Office and UNICEF (21) Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey-2 (MICS-2). Ulaanbaatar - Maternal Child Research Center, MOH and UNICEF (21) Maternal Mortality in Mongolia Ulaanbaatar - UNICEF (21) Progress Since the World Summit for Children. New York - Nutrition Research Center and UNICEF (21) Care practices for young children in Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar For further information, please contact: Health and Nutrition project, UNICEF Negdsen Undestnii Street Ulaanbaatar-46, Mongolia Tel: , and Fax: (976-11) Nutrition Research Center, PHI Tel: 4556 Fax: (976-11) Prepared by Dr. Oyunbileg. Sh. Local Consultant, UNICEF

FACT SHEET MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

FACT SHEET MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH FACT SHEET MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH Tanzania s Progress in Maternal and Child Health Tanzania has made considerable progress in the reduction of child mortality. Under-five mortality rates continue to

More information

cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition

cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition situation Between 2000 and 2010, Cambodia has made significant progress in improving the health of its children. The infant mortality rate has

More information

Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh

Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh KEY STATISTICS Nutrition % of the population Malnutrition, in children (birth to 59 months) Wasting (weight-for-height) 17.4 2 Stunting (height-for-age) 43.2

More information

Key Indicators Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS)

Key Indicators Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) Key Indicators 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) Millennium Development Goals for 2015 Indicator 2014 KDHS Indicator Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Prevalence of underweight

More information

MATARA. Geographic location 4 (2006-07) Distribution of population by wealth quintiles (%), 2006-07 27.3 21.4 12.9 23.7 14.8. Source: DHS 2006-07

MATARA. Geographic location 4 (2006-07) Distribution of population by wealth quintiles (%), 2006-07 27.3 21.4 12.9 23.7 14.8. Source: DHS 2006-07 Ministry of Health MATARA DEMOGRAPHICS Total population 822, (28) L and area (Sq. Km) 1,27 (26) under-five (%) 9.2 (26-7) 1 Females in reproductive age group (%) 2 5.1 (26-7) 1 Estimated housing units

More information

Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR

Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR Presented by: Dr Somchith Akkhavong Deputy Director Department of Hygiene and Prevention Ministry of Health, Vientiane Capital Lao PDR GFMER - WHO - UNFPA

More information

Consequences of micronutrient deficiencies in Africa. Now is the time to act!!

Consequences of micronutrient deficiencies in Africa. Now is the time to act!! Consequences of micronutrient deficiencies in Africa Now is the time to act!! Today s presentation 1. Under nutrition, micronutrient deficiency and its impact on child survival and morbidity 2. Global

More information

INDICATOR REGION WORLD

INDICATOR REGION WORLD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA INDICATOR REGION WORLD Demographic indicators Total population (2005) 713,457,000 6,449,371,000 Population under 18 (2005) 361,301,000 2,183,143,000 Population under 5 (2005) 119,555,000

More information

SRI LANKA SRI LANKA 187

SRI LANKA SRI LANKA 187 SRI LANKA 187 List of Country Indicators Selected Demographic Indicators Selected demographic indicators Child Mortality and Nutritional Status Neonatal, infant and under-five mortality rates: trends Distribution

More information

Overview of Nutritional Status of Nigerians

Overview of Nutritional Status of Nigerians Overview of Nutritional Status of Nigerians Presentation at a Seminar High Quality Proteins: the Missing link in Development Tuesday, 8th March 2011 PROTEA HOTELS, Ikeja, Lagos Outline Situation assessment

More information

Scale, scope, causes and potential response

Scale, scope, causes and potential response Scale, scope, causes and potential response Status of Malnutrition in Afghanistan Why Malnutrition Matters Determinants of Malnutrition What Can Be Done Recommendations for Afghanistan Very high rate

More information

Objectives. What is undernutrition? What is undernutrition? What does undernutrition look like?

Objectives. What is undernutrition? What is undernutrition? What does undernutrition look like? Objectives Basics Jean-Pierre Habicht, MD, PhD Professor Division of Nutritional Sciences Cornell University Types and causes Determinants Consequences Global occurrence and progress Way forward What is

More information

INDICATOR REGION WORLD

INDICATOR REGION WORLD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA INDICATOR REGION WORLD Demographic indicators Total population (2006) 748,886,000 6,577,236,000 Population under 18 (2006) 376,047,000 2,212,024,000 Population under 5 (2006) 125,254,000

More information

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9 George Kichamu, Jones N. Abisi, and Lydia Karimurio This chapter presents findings from key areas in maternal and child health namely, antenatal, postnatal and delivery care,

More information

Nutrition Promotion. Present Status, Activities and Interventions. 1. Control of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM)

Nutrition Promotion. Present Status, Activities and Interventions. 1. Control of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) Nutrition Promotion The National Nutrition Centre (NNC) of the Department of Health has implemented Nutrition program area under National Health Plan covers two broad areas namely: Nutrition and Household

More information

75% 50% 25% Source: Calculated based on data from the UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2014

75% 50% 25% Source: Calculated based on data from the UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2014 % of deaths % of deaths African Region Neonatal and Child Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and information system Health status indicators

More information

Image source: UNICEF. Nutrition 101

Image source: UNICEF. Nutrition 101 Image source: UNICEF Nutrition 101 For Children Under the Age of Five Undernutrition is the single largest risk factor for death and disability, affecting one in four children worldwide. Stunting, severe

More information

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Public Health. National Child and Adolescent Health Policy

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Public Health. National Child and Adolescent Health Policy Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Public Health National Child and Adolescent Health Policy 2009-2013 July 2009 In line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the MOPH Child and Adolescent

More information

Child Health Programme in India

Child Health Programme in India Child Health Programme in India In 1951, India was the first country in the world to launch a family planning programme. Since then approaches aimed at reducing population growth have taken a variety of

More information

Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2006-07

Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2006-07 Education Most Pakistani Women Lack Any Education Only one in three ever-married women ages 15-49 in Pakistan has any education. Most women never learn how to read. The new Demographic and Health Survey

More information

United Republic of Tanzania African Region

United Republic of Tanzania African Region % of deaths % of deaths African Region Neonatal and Child Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and information system Health status indicators

More information

Malnutrition and Child Mortality:

Malnutrition and Child Mortality: Malnutrition and Child Mortality: P ROGRAM I MPLICATIONS OF N EW E VIDENCE Introduction Nutrition interventions generally target severely malnourished children. The high costs for treatment and rehabilitation

More information

Maternal and Neonatal Health in Bangladesh

Maternal and Neonatal Health in Bangladesh Maternal and Neonatal Health in Bangladesh KEY STATISTICS Basic data Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 births) 320* Neonatal mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 births) 37 Births for women aged

More information

MULTIPLE INDICATOR CLUSTER SURVEY 2010 Summary Report

MULTIPLE INDICATOR CLUSTER SURVEY 2010 Summary Report MULTIPLE INDICATOR CLUSTER SURVEY 21 Summary Report Ulaanbaatar 211 Prepared by: O. Baigalmaa, Statistician, PSSD, NSO S. Todgerel, Officer, PSSD, NSO Z. Munkhzul, MICS Consultant Note: This report is

More information

Module 7 Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI)

Module 7 Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) Module 7 Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) (including Vitamin A, Tetanus Toxoid and Growth Monitoring) CONTENTS 7.1 What are the tools used for data collection?....................................2

More information

Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to

Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to preventable diseases such as measles, poliomyelitis,

More information

Anemia is a condition characterized by

Anemia is a condition characterized by 12 C H A P T E R ANEMIA AMONG WOMEN AND CHILDREN is a condition characterized by inadequate red blood cell volume and a low concentration of hemoglobin in the blood. Commonly, anemia is the final outcome

More information

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9 Ann Phoya and Sophie Kang oma This chapter presents the 2004 MDHS findings on maternal and child health in Malawi. Topics discussed include the utilisation maternal and child

More information

IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN

IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN 12 The Expanded Program of Immunization, launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health (MOH) in 1977, recommended that all children receive immunization against the six major preventable

More information

CHILD MALNUTRITION IN THE SAHEL REGION (AFRICA) APRIL 2010

CHILD MALNUTRITION IN THE SAHEL REGION (AFRICA) APRIL 2010 CHILD MALNUTRITION IN THE SAHEL REGION (AFRICA) APRIL 2010 There is no doubt that tens of thousands of families in the Sahel region of Africa are facing acute distress due to food shortages and more than

More information

Chittagong Hill Tracts

Chittagong Hill Tracts Chittagong Hill Tracts KEY STATISTICS Basic data (%) CHT National Measles vaccine coverage 80 77 Access to suitable source of drinking water 65 75 Underweight prevalence (0-59 months) 51 48 Anaemia prevalence

More information

2014-2017. UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani

2014-2017. UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani UNICEF STRATEGIC PLAN 2014-2017 UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani UNICEF s Strategic Plan 2014-2017 is a road map for the realization of the rights of every child. The equity strategy, emphasizing the most

More information

Africa facts and statistics

Africa facts and statistics www.wvafrica.org Child survival How many deaths? z The average under-five mortality rate for SSA in 2007 was 148 per 1000 live births resulting in 4.5million children dying before the age of five z 51

More information

PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AND IMPACT OF IRON SUPPLEMENTATION ON ANAEMIC ADOLESCENT SCHOOL GIRLS

PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AND IMPACT OF IRON SUPPLEMENTATION ON ANAEMIC ADOLESCENT SCHOOL GIRLS Health and Population- Perspectives and Issue 30 (1): 45-55, 2007 PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AND IMPACT OF IRON SUPPLEMENTATION ON ANAEMIC ADOLESCENT SCHOOL GIRLS Pooja Trivedi* and Dr. Aruna Palta** ABSTRACT

More information

Promoting Family Planning

Promoting Family Planning Promoting Family Planning INTRODUCTION Voluntary family planning has been widely adopted throughout the world. More than half of all couples in the developing world now use a modern method of contraception

More information

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Economic indicators. Demographic indicators. Survival HIV/AIDS. Health and nutrition. Child protection. Education.

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Economic indicators. Demographic indicators. Survival HIV/AIDS. Health and nutrition. Child protection. Education. SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Total population (2004) 697,561,000 6,374,050,000 Population under 18 (2004) 354,355,000 2,181,991,000 Population under 5 (2004) 117,346,000 614,399,000 Life expectancy at birth (2004)

More information

Facts and Figures the Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey 2013 safe clinics safe services better outcomes

Facts and Figures the Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey 2013 safe clinics safe services better outcomes Facts and Figures the Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey 2013 safe clinics safe services better outcomes What does the DHS 2013 tell us about maternal and newborn health in Sierra Leone? The most

More information

117 4,904,773 -67-4.7 -5.5 -3.9. making progress

117 4,904,773 -67-4.7 -5.5 -3.9. making progress Per 1 LB Eastern Mediterranean Region Maternal and Perinatal Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and Information System Health status indicators

More information

Fertility rate among women ages by race/ethnicity

Fertility rate among women ages by race/ethnicity Rate per 1,000 women ages 15-44 Maternal, infant, and child health Health issues of mothers and their infants and children are an important focus of the Santa Clara County Public Health Department s prevention

More information

Tackling malnutrition in Niger

Tackling malnutrition in Niger case study Tackling malnutrition in Niger Situation Malnourished children are among the most vulnerable in Niger, one of the world s poorest countries. Niger came in last (182nd) in the 2009 ranking of

More information

Immunization and Health

Immunization and Health Children in Egypt 2015 A STATISTICAL DIGEST Chapter 4 Immunization and Health Children in Egypt 2015 Children in Egypt 2015 is a statistical digest produced by UNICEF Egypt to present updated and quality

More information

SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006

SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006 SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006 Topic CHILD MORTALITY Child mortality SHHS indicator number MDG indicator number

More information

PAKISTAN. Socio-Economic Differences in Health, Nutrition, and Population

PAKISTAN. Socio-Economic Differences in Health, Nutrition, and Population C o u n t r y R e p o r t s o n H NP a n d P o v e r t y Socio-Economic Differences in Health, Nutrition, and Population PAKISTAN About this series... This series is produced by the Health, Nutrition,

More information

Challenges in programme implementation some lessons for Indian Child Health and Nutrition Programmes

Challenges in programme implementation some lessons for Indian Child Health and Nutrition Programmes Challenges in programme implementation some lessons for Indian Child Health and Nutrition Programmes India will achieve MDGs in child mortality Not do as well in maternal mortality Under nutrition or micronutrient

More information

Sohail J. Malik Hina Nazli Asma Shahzad Amina Mehmood April 15, 2015

Sohail J. Malik Hina Nazli Asma Shahzad Amina Mehmood April 15, 2015 Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrition Sohail J. Malik Hina Nazli Asma Shahzad Amina Mehmood April 15, 215 Plan of Presentation Food security and Consumption Patterns Food prices and cost of calories

More information

THE LIFE CYCLE OF MALNUTRITION

THE LIFE CYCLE OF MALNUTRITION THE LIFE CYCLE OF MALNUTRITION By: STUART GILLESPIE RAFAEL FLORES From IFPRI 1999-2000 INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE 2033 K. STREET WASHINGTON, DC 20006-1002 2000 THE LIFE CYCLE Malnutrition

More information

Vitamin A. An extra volunteer or health worker must be budgeted for and made available for each additional intervention included in the measles SIAs.

Vitamin A. An extra volunteer or health worker must be budgeted for and made available for each additional intervention included in the measles SIAs. Program Management 80_11 Where feasible, integration (of measles campaigns) may be considered with other mass vaccination, such as polio vaccination, and with vitamin A supplementation. However, integration

More information

Preconception Period

Preconception Period Preconception Period Counseling and health education and materials to promote family planning Family planning methods o Double protection o Pregnancy prevention o STI/HIV o Oral contraceptives o Condoms

More information

National Health Policy, 2048 (1991)

National Health Policy, 2048 (1991) National Health Policy, 2048 (1991) Present health status The present low level of health status is attributable to lack of political commitment, inappropriate strategies and weakness in implementation

More information

Brief Overview of MIRA Channel (Women Mobile Lifeline Channel)

Brief Overview of MIRA Channel (Women Mobile Lifeline Channel) Brief Overview of MIRA Channel (Women Mobile Lifeline Channel) MIRA Channel or Women Mobile Lifeline Channel - is an integrated mobile phone channel to provide healthcare information and services to rural

More information

SYRIAN REFUGEE RESPONSE: LEBANON UPDATE ON NUTRITION

SYRIAN REFUGEE RESPONSE: LEBANON UPDATE ON NUTRITION SYRIAN REFUGEE RESPONSE: LEBANON UPDATE ON NUTRITION 5 September 2014 LEBANON #FutureOfSyria Agencies and the Government of Lebanon had requested US$1.89 billion in the interagency funding appeal. The

More information

Health Extension Program In Ethiopia. Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Health Extension Program In Ethiopia. Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Health Extension Program In Ethiopia Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Outline Overview on HEP Achievement Challenges The way forward

More information

Preventive Care Coverage Wondering what preventive care your plan covers?

Preventive Care Coverage Wondering what preventive care your plan covers? STAYING WELL Regence BlueCross BlueShield of Oregon is an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Regence BlueCross BlueShield of Oregon is an Independent Licensee of the Blue

More information

Children in Egypt 2014 A STATISTICAL DIGEST

Children in Egypt 2014 A STATISTICAL DIGEST Children in Egypt 2014 A STATISTICAL DIGEST CHAPTER 4 IMMUNIZATION AND HEALTH Children in Egypt 2014 is a statistical digest produced by UNICEF Egypt to present updated and quality data on major dimensions

More information

Measles. Key facts. Fact sheet N 286 Updated February 2014

Measles. Key facts. Fact sheet N 286 Updated February 2014 Measles Fact sheet N 286 Updated February 2014 Key facts Measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children even though a safe and cost-effective vaccine is available. In 2012, there were

More information

MINISTRY OF CABINET CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS SUDAN. Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014

MINISTRY OF CABINET CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS SUDAN. Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 MINISTRY OF CABINET CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS SUDAN Multiple Cluster Survey 2014 Key Findings April, 2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS SUDAN 2014 AT A GLANCE 1 CHILD MORTALITY 2 NUTRITION 4 WATER AND SANITATION

More information

150 7,114,974 75.8 -53-3.2 -3.6 -2.9. making progress

150 7,114,974 75.8 -53-3.2 -3.6 -2.9. making progress Per 1 LB African Region Maternal and Perinatal Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and Information System Health status indicators - Maternal

More information

Second International Conference on Nutrition. Rome, 19-21 November 2014. Conference Outcome Document: Framework for Action

Second International Conference on Nutrition. Rome, 19-21 November 2014. Conference Outcome Document: Framework for Action October 2014 ICN2 2014/3 Corr.1 Second International Conference on Nutrition Rome, 19-21 November 2014 Conference Outcome Document: Framework for Action FROM COMMITMENTS TO ACTION Background 1. There has

More information

WARD 50 - Mothercraft. Barcode Mother/Baby Record Sheet Baby. Antenatal and perinatal history (please tick appropriate boxes) Neonatal period

WARD 50 - Mothercraft. Barcode Mother/Baby Record Sheet Baby. Antenatal and perinatal history (please tick appropriate boxes) Neonatal period WARD 50 - Mothercraft G1888HWF Barcode Mother/Baby Record Sheet Baby Referral by: Reason for admission: Mother Antenatal and perinatal history (please tick appropriate boxes) This pregnancy was it: Planned

More information

CHAPTER 11 ANEMIA. Almaz T. Sharmanov, Duishe K. Kudayarov and Kalia K. Toguzbaeva. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Anemia Measurement Procedures

CHAPTER 11 ANEMIA. Almaz T. Sharmanov, Duishe K. Kudayarov and Kalia K. Toguzbaeva. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Anemia Measurement Procedures CHAPTER 11 ANEMIA Almaz T. Sharmanov, Duishe K. Kudayarov and Kalia K. Toguzbaeva 11.1 Introduction Anemia is a condition which is characterized by a reduction in the red blood cell volume and a decrease

More information

Assessment Tool September 2014

Assessment Tool September 2014 Assessment Tool September 2014 WBTi UK Working Group http://www.lcgb.org/wbti/ Coordinators Clare Meynell RM (rtd) IBCLC 01243512327 07584 160892 clarelmeynell@gmail.com Helen Gray MPhil IBCLC helengray123@yahoo.co.uk

More information

Through the food a pregnant woman eats, she gives her unborn child the nourishment required to begin and sustain fetal growth and development.

Through the food a pregnant woman eats, she gives her unborn child the nourishment required to begin and sustain fetal growth and development. Chapter 10 Nutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation Chapter 10 Lesson 10.1 Key Concepts The mother s food habits and nutritional status before conception, as well as during pregnancy, influence the outcome

More information

Targets for ,000 Girls and boys have access to psychosocial support services (PSS)

Targets for ,000 Girls and boys have access to psychosocial support services (PSS) 16 May 2014 CHILD PROTECTION Targets for 2014 300,000 Girls and boys have access to psychosocial support services (PSS) 200,000 Caregivers have access to psychosocial support services 90,000 Women and

More information

68 3,676,893 86.7 -49-2.9 -3.2 -2.5. making progress

68 3,676,893 86.7 -49-2.9 -3.2 -2.5. making progress Per 1 LB African Region Maternal and Perinatal Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and Information System Health status indicators Maternal

More information

Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14

Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14 Preliminary Report Central Statistical Office Lusaka, Zambia Ministry of Health Lusaka, Zambia Tropical Diseases Research Centre Ndola, Zambia University Teaching

More information

NUTRITION OF YOUNG CHILDREN AND MOTHERS IN ZIMBABWE Findings from the 1999 Zimbabwe DHS Survey

NUTRITION OF YOUNG CHILDREN AND MOTHERS IN ZIMBABWE Findings from the 1999 Zimbabwe DHS Survey AFRICA NUTRITION CHARTBOOKS NUTRITION OF YOUNG CHILDREN AND MOTHERS IN ZIMBABWE Findings from the 1999 Zimbabwe DHS Survey ORC Macro International Inc. 11785 Beltsville Drive Calverton, Maryland, U.S.A.

More information

COMMENTS ON JENSEN(2011): MALNUTRITION IN SOUTH ASIA ANANDI MANI

COMMENTS ON JENSEN(2011): MALNUTRITION IN SOUTH ASIA ANANDI MANI COMMENTS ON JENSEN(2011): MALNUTRITION IN SOUTH ASIA ANANDI MANI Potential Factors affecting Malnutrition MACRO/POLITICAL FACTORS Per Capita Income & Poverty that affects Aggregate Food availability Unequal

More information

Health, social, economic and gender perspectives

Health, social, economic and gender perspectives Health, social, economic and gender perspectives Monique V. Chireau, MD, MPH Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Duke University Medical Center Durham, NC Beijing Declaration on the Girlchild...More

More information

Social Marketing and Breastfeeding

Social Marketing and Breastfeeding Global Journal of Management and Business Studies. ISSN 2248-9878 Volume 3, Number 3 (2013), pp. 303-308 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/gjmbs.htm Social Marketing and Breastfeeding

More information

Care Practices for Young Children in Mongolia

Care Practices for Young Children in Mongolia Care Practices for Young Children in Mongolia Ministry Of Health Mongolia UNICEF Care Practices for Young Children in Mongolia A Qualitative Survey Report Report written by: Edited by: Translated by: J.

More information

QDoes breastfeeding affect the mother s nutritional status?

QDoes breastfeeding affect the mother s nutritional status? Breastfeeding and Maternal Nutrition Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) FAQ SHEET 4 From the LINKAGES Project Updated July 2004 FAQ Sheet is a series of publications of Frequently Asked Questions on topics

More information

THE STATE OF HEALTHCARE DELIVERY IN GHANA. HON. DR VICTOR BAMPOE DEPUTY MINISTER OF HEALTH Atlanta Ga.

THE STATE OF HEALTHCARE DELIVERY IN GHANA. HON. DR VICTOR BAMPOE DEPUTY MINISTER OF HEALTH Atlanta Ga. THE STATE OF HEALTHCARE DELIVERY IN GHANA HON. DR VICTOR BAMPOE DEPUTY MINISTER OF HEALTH Atlanta Ga. Outline 1. Where are we? 2. What are we doing? 3. What can you do? 4. Challenges HEALTH STATUS Where

More information

Child malnutrition IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: An Illustrative Case Study

Child malnutrition IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: An Illustrative Case Study Child malnutrition IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: An Illustrative Case Study Nigeria is a middle-income country. It is also home to the highest number of stunted children in the continent and ranks third globally

More information

MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA

MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA CONTROLLING THE MALARIA BURDEN IN AFRICA KEY ACTIONS FOR UNICEF Strengthen UNICEF input to evidence-based antenatal services Forge partnership

More information

Nutrition Global Learning and Evidence Exchange: Evidence for Multi-Sectoral Effects of Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition

Nutrition Global Learning and Evidence Exchange: Evidence for Multi-Sectoral Effects of Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Nutrition Global Learning and Evidence Exchange: Evidence for Multi-Sectoral Effects of Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Pattanee Winichagoon, Mahidol University Phnom Penh, Cambodia December 13,

More information

Preventive Care Coverage Wondering what preventive care your plan covers?

Preventive Care Coverage Wondering what preventive care your plan covers? STAYING WELL Regence BlueCross BlueShield of Oregon is an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Preventive Care Coverage Wondering what preventive care your plan covers? Our

More information

Statement by Dr. Sugiri Syarief, MPA

Statement by Dr. Sugiri Syarief, MPA Check against delivery_ Commission on Population and Development 45th Session Economic and Social Council Statement by Dr. Sugiri Syarief, MPA Chairperson of the National Population and Family Planning

More information

CONTENT. 1. Vision for Health Mission of Ministry of Health Thrust Four of 10MP Financial Allocation 4

CONTENT. 1. Vision for Health Mission of Ministry of Health Thrust Four of 10MP Financial Allocation 4 CONTENT Page 1. Vision for Health 2 2. Mission of Ministry of Health 2 3. Thrust Four of 1MP 3 4. Financial Allocation 4 5. National Health Accounts 4 6. Healthcare Facilities 5-7 7. Health Human Resources

More information

MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality

MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality 143 MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality The target for Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 is to reduce the mortality rate of children under 5 years old (under-5 mortality) by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015.

More information

HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES

HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES Dr. Godfrey Gunatilleke, Sri Lanka How the Presentation is Organized An Overview of the Health Transition in Sri

More information

ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU

ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU The report highlights the significant progress made during the reporting period June 2012 June 2013. This period marks the third year of the UNICEF-IZA

More information

NOTIFIABLE. Infectious Disease Assessment for Migrants 2015 - 27 - RECOMMENDATIONS. Offer test (HBsAg and anti-hbc) to: Vaccinate:

NOTIFIABLE. Infectious Disease Assessment for Migrants 2015 - 27 - RECOMMENDATIONS. Offer test (HBsAg and anti-hbc) to: Vaccinate: 5.2 Hepatitis B NOTIFIABLE RECOMMENDATIONS Offer test (HBsAg and anti-hbc) to: = All new migrants originating from countries with a HBsAg prevalence of 2% = Household and sexual of identified acute or

More information

99% Opening Reflection. For it was you who formed my inward parts; you knit me together in my mother s womb.

99% Opening Reflection. For it was you who formed my inward parts; you knit me together in my mother s womb. This is the first of four studies on maternal health M AT E R N A L a n d C H I L D H E A LT H b y C o l l e e n W o o d For it was you who formed my inward parts; you knit me together in my mother s womb.

More information

Viral hepatitis. Report by the Secretariat

Viral hepatitis. Report by the Secretariat SIXTY-THIRD WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY A63/15 Provisional agenda item 11.12 25 March 2010 Viral hepatitis Report by the Secretariat THE DISEASES AND BURDEN 1. The group of viruses (hepatitis A, B, C, D and

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations E/ICEF/2011/P/L.38 Economic and Social Council Distr.: Limited 5 July 2011 English Original: French For action United Nations Children s Fund Executive Board Second regular session 2011

More information

Guyana 2009 Guyana Demographic and Health Survey Demographic and Health Survey 2009

Guyana 2009 Guyana Demographic and Health Survey Demographic and Health Survey 2009 Guyana Demographic and Health Survey 2009 Guyana Demographic and Health Survey 2009 Ministry of Health Georgetown, Guyana Bureau of Statistics Georgetown, Guyana ICF Macro (Technical Assistance) October

More information

World Health Day Diabetes and RMNCAH in Africa: R for Reproductive Health

World Health Day Diabetes and RMNCAH in Africa: R for Reproductive Health World Health Day Diabetes and RMNCAH in Africa: R for Reproductive Health Managing diabetes and reproductive health in developing contexts. The 2016 World Health Day theme to scale up prevention, strengthen

More information

Five Year Summary

Five Year Summary Sexually Transmitted Diseases In the City of St. Louis, MO Five Year Summary 2005-2009 City of St. Louis Department of Health 2011 Acknowledgements The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services

More information

Liberia. 2013 Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings

Liberia. 2013 Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings Liberia 2013 Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings This report summarizes the findings of the (LDHS), which was implemented by the Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Information Services (LISGIS).

More information

49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE. Infant mortality rate is defined as the death of an infant before his or her first birthday.

49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE. Infant mortality rate is defined as the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. 49. INFANT MORTALITY RATE Wing Tam (Alice) Jennifer Cheng Stat 157 course project More Risk in Everyday Life Risk Meter LIKELIHOOD of exposure to hazardous levels Low Medium High Consequences: Severity,

More information

66% Breastfeeding. Early initiation of breastfeeding (within one hour of birth) Exclusive breastfeeding rate (4-5 months)

66% Breastfeeding. Early initiation of breastfeeding (within one hour of birth) Exclusive breastfeeding rate (4-5 months) 56% Early initiation of breastfeeding (within one hour of birth) 29% Exclusive breastfeeding rate (4-5 months) 66% Timely complementary feeding rate (6-9 months) Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2008

More information

Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings

Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings Nigeria 2013 Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings This report summarizes the findings of the (NDHS), implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC). ICF International provided financial

More information

THE INDIA NEWBORN ACTION PLAN

THE INDIA NEWBORN ACTION PLAN THE INDIA NEWBORN ACTION PLAN THE INDIA NEWBORN ACTION PLAN Current Situation Vision & Goals Guiding principles Strategic Intervention Packages Milestones Way Forward CAUSES OF NEONATAL DEATHS : INDIA

More information

Preventable mortality and morbidity of children under 5 years of age as a human rights concern

Preventable mortality and morbidity of children under 5 years of age as a human rights concern Preventable mortality and morbidity of children under 5 years of age as a human rights concern 1. Has your government developed a national policy/strategy/action plan aimed at reducing mortality and morbidity

More information

The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq

The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq Highlights from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 4 (MICS 4) 2011 Demographics - Population of Iraq: 33.4 million - Children and Adolescents (0-18): 16.6

More information

Unit Overview: Child Survival: A Global Challenge www.teachunicef.org 25

Unit Overview: Child Survival: A Global Challenge www.teachunicef.org 25 Unit 2: Simple, Affordable, Effective Solutions Unit Overview: In this Unit students will: Learn about the main causes of preventable deaths for children under five; Become familiar with readily available

More information

Pakistan: Potential to achieve universal coverage for health

Pakistan: Potential to achieve universal coverage for health Pakistan: Potential to achieve universal coverage for health The Bocconi initiative on attaining universal health coverage May 14, Milan, Italy Sania Nishtar Heartfile, Pakistan Pakistan: a snap shot Location:

More information

Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby. Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella)

Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby. Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella) Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella) mmunisation This leaflet describes the vaccinations

More information

INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 9

INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 9 INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 9 K. Saribekyan, K. Ter-Voskanyan, R. Asatyan, and J. Sullivan 9.1 BACKGROUND This chapter presents information on mortality among children under five years of age. The rates

More information

SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA

SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA Background: Long-term mortality measurement by cause, gender and geographic area has been the requirement of every country. With this in view, Medical

More information