FLOW CHARTS. These Flowcharts are designed to show typical systems and should not be construed as specifications for any specific job.

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1 FLOW CHARTS

2 FLOW CHARTS What are they? These flow charts represent the most commonly recommended systems used in the yacht division. Note that some PC or Marine products show up in one or two of the more specialised coating specifications. The charts will be updated on an as required basis when new products, deleted old ones or changed specifications occur. They will at any time then, represent the latest way of doing things. How can they be used? They can be used as teaching tools to explain to a variety of customers how our products fit in with each other. By selection of specific flow diagrams you can talk about below waterline schemes only, above waterline schemes only or perhaps just how to paint timber or steel boats. The combinations are almost endless. They can be used to generate specifications for most requirements simply by finding the appropriate codes in the specification system for each of the products within the flow diagram boxes. Individual sheets can be handed out to customers so they can better understand how to paint their boat and what products are required. The flow diagrams also match the specifications in the BPG. Can specifications other than those represented by the flow diagrams be produced? Quite simply the answer is yes. It is virtually impossible to present every possible combination of product in a flow diagram format. There will always be cases where standard specifications do not fit in with the exact job requirements.

3 FLOW CHARTS Numbering The charts are numbered with gaps so that new ones can be added in later if required. The Index gives you the chart number and the slide number so you can quickly find the slide you want. Each slide has the Chart Number on the bottom right hand corner again for easy reference. Boxes The flow diagram boxes are colour matched to our labels so that primers are grey, undercoats yellow, top coats red and antifoulings blue. Boxes with a green outline are optional and can be left out of the system if required without affecting the integrity of the system. Other boxes are mandatory. Can the flow diagrams be changed? Flow diagrams should not be changed otherwise non-standard information is being given out which has been shown in the past to be the cause of many of our problems. If you need a change refer back to the technical or marketing department as your request may be something that everybody could benefit by.

4 INDEX CHART: SLIDE: GENERAL HOW-TO INFORMATION PAINTING GUIDE OVERVIEW 0 8 SURFACE PREPARATION FOR ALUMINIUM 2 10 SURFACE PREPARATION FOR STEEL 3 11 SURFACE PREPARATION FOR POLYESTER AND EPOXY 4 12 ANTIFOULING GUIDE 5 13 FILLER GUIDE 6 14 THINNER GUIDE 7 15 EPOXY GUIDE 8 16 TIMBER ABOVE WATERLINE SINGLE PACK 9 18 BELOW WATERLINE SINGLE PACK PRIMOCON ABOVE WATERLINE TWO PACK BELOW WATERLINE TWO PACK ALUMINIUM & STEEL POLYESTER / EPOXY VARNISHING ABOVE WATERLINE SINGLE PACK BELOW WATERLINE SINGLE PACK ABOVE WATERLINE TWO PACK BELOW WATERLINE TWO PACK ABOVE WATERLINE SINGLE PACK BELOW WATERLINE SINGLE PACK ABOVE WATERLINE TWO PACK BELOW WATERLINE TWO PACK VARNISHING SINGLE PACK VARNISHING TWO PACK CLEAR TRANSPARENT FINISH 23 35

5 INDEX CHART: SLIDE: MISCELLANEOUS SINGLE AND TWO PACK STERN DRIVE UNITS ABOVE WATERLINE TWO PACK SMALL ALUMINIUM CRAFT AND MAST PROPELLERS, KEELS AND SHAFTS OSMOSIS SYSTEMS TANK SYSTEMS TWO PACK STAINLESS STEEL TWO PACK BILGE AREAS COMPOSITE TWO PACK CHAIN LOCKERS HIGH IMPACT INTERIOR SYSTEMS (FIRE RATED) PROFESSIONAL ABOVE WATERLINE POLY / VINYL ESTER / EPOXY COMPOSITE or SHEATHED (INTERPROTECT) BELOW WATERLINE POLY / VINYL ESTER / EPOXY COMPOSITE or SHEATHED (INTERPROTECT) ABOVE WATERLINE POLY / VINYL ESTER / EPOXY / COMPOSITE or SHEATHED (INTERPRIME 820) BELOW WATERLINE POLY / VINYL ESTER / EPOXY COMPOSITE or SHEATHED (INTERPRIME 820) INTERIOR FINISH POLYESTER / VINYL ESTER / EPOXY COMPOSITE or SHEATHED (POLYURETHANE AND EPOXY PRIMERS) ABOVE WATERLINE SUPERYACHT SPEC FOR ALUMINIUM AND STEEL (INTERPRIME 820) BELOW WATERLINE SUPERYACHT SPEC FOR ALUMINIUM AND STEEL ALUMINIUM SPARS HIGH PERFORMANCE SYSTEM (INTERPRIME 820) ALUMINIUM SPARS HIGH PERFORMANCE SYSTEM (INTERPROTECT) 41 55

6 INDEX CHART: SLIDE: REPAINTS REPAINT ABOVE WATERLINE AGED PAINT IN GOOD CONDITION REPAINT ABOVE WATERLINE TO APPLY INTERSPRAY 900 (EPOXY AND POLYURETHANE PRIMERS) REPAINT BELOW WATERLINE USING TIE COAT OF PRIMOCON REPAINT ABOVE WATERLINE WITH SPOT-FILLING (EPOXY AND POLYURETHANE PRIMERS) 45 60

7 How To General How-to Information

8 Chart 0 Painting guide overview SINGLE PACK ABOVE WATERLINE SINGLE PACK BELOW WATERLINE TWO PACK ABOVE WATERLINE TWO PACK BELOW WATERLINE TWO PACK PRIMER SINGLE PACK FINISHING YACHT PRIMER PRIMOCON INTERPROTECT INTERPROTECT INTERPROTECT PREKOTE NO UNDERCOAT PERFECTION UNDERCOAT NO UNDERCOAT PREKOTE TOPCOAT ANTIFOULING TOPCOAT ANTIFOULING TOPCOAT This flow chart gives a simplistic overview of the basic International painting systems. Filling and fairing obviously reduces the simplicity slightly as do the choices of surface preparation and interior versus exterior work on various substrates. SOME BASIC RULES TO FOLLOW: Fill and fair direct to most GRP, Epoxy or Timber surfaces but always apply a tie coat of epoxy paint to Aluminium or Steel, usually between 50 and 75 microns dry is recommended. Film builds above waterline should be around 200 microns between filler and top coat or substrate and top coat if no filling has been carried out. Film builds below the waterline should be around 250 microns between filler and antifouling or substrate and antifouling if no filling has been carried out. Apply at least one coat of Perfection Undercoat as a tie coat before applying any two pack top coat. If using a 2 pack system and you wish to apply a single pack finish apply one coat of Prekote. After applying Microsurfacer or Interfill 835 seal it with Interprotect or Interprime 820. Direct application of Perfection Undercoat (polyurethane) is not recommended.

9 Chart 1 Surface preparation for timber

10 Chart 2 Surface preparation for aluminium Obviously the various methods of preparation have their various uses. OPTION 1 is the most highly recommended system giving a good surface for the paint and filling system to key to. Typically used for Superyacht craft. OPTION 2 is very good but requires more care in the preparatory stages to ensure the surface is uniformly prepared and profiled. Typically used on large workboats and ferries etc. OPTION 4 is suitable for difficult detail work where any form of mechanical preparation is impossible. For previously coated surfaces remove salt deposits with fresh water, oil and grease with suitable degreaser and then sand surface to a smooth dull matt finish all over ensuring all edges of worn paint are feathered back to a sound surface. Treat bare substrate as for new work. OPTION 3 is suitable for small aluminium craft and less critical areas such as interior detail work etc.

11 Chart 3 Surface preparation for steel Obviously the various methods of preparation have their various uses. OPTION 1 is the best method of ensuring total cleanliness of the metal surface prior to applying a paint and filling system. OPTION 2 is very good but requires more care in the preparatory stages to ensure the surface is uniformly prepared and profiled. For previously coated surfaces remove salt deposits with fresh water, oil and grease with suitable degreaser and then sand surface to a smooth dull matt finish all over ensuring all edges of worn paint are feathered back to a sound surface. Treat bare substrate as for new work. OPTION 3 is suitable for small less critical difficult detail work where mechanical preparation is impossible.

12 Chart 4 Surface preparation for fibreglass and composites 1. It is crucial when working with polyester or vinyl ester resins that any surface inhibited resin or in the case of epoxy materials any amine bloom materials are thoroughly removed. Inhibited resin can be indicated by a firm thumb pressure on the surface giving rise to a sticky feel. If unsure wipe surface with International Spraying Thinners and a sticky residue will result if inhibited resin is present. 2. Epoxy amine bloom may be removed with fresh water and/or detergent water mix. Sanding will not remove the amine bloom and will spread it around the surface. 3. For previously coated surfaces remove salt deposits with fresh water, oil and grease with suitable degreaser and then sand surface to a smooth dull matt finish all over ensuring all edges of worn paint are feathered back to a sound surface. Treat bare substrate as for new work. 4. Peel ply surfaces usually require no further preparation other than a solvent wipe to remove dust etc being careful not to snag fibres from the rag onto the surface. 5. If the peel ply area is to be used as a bonding area for a high stress loading situation, then sanding with coarse paper is suggested to provide an improved key. 6. In most cases filling may proceed directly to the prepared surface however where vinyl ester/polyester type fillers and surfacing compounds or any other type of material has been used, a tie coat of epoxy primer may be required before filling/fairing with epoxy fillers is carried out.

13 Chart 5 Antifouling guide Some of the antifoulings mentioned in the above table may or may not be available at any particular time due to differing registration requirements in the various Asia Pacific countries. For the longest term protection Micron 66 will give the best performance. Micron 66 should not be used in freshwater areas. Micron Extra is suitable for trailed boats due to its very good stability out of the water. The product however will not polish away unless immersion times are consistently longer than about a month. It is suggested that antifoulings on trailered boats should if the boat is to be immersed for periods of longer than about a month or so be wet sanded prior to immersion to remove any oxidised paint, which if not removed, could stop the antifouling paint from working correctly. Micron Extra due to its unique resin system should not require this treatment. Products such as Trilux 33 and Trilux will generally give lower levels of protection due to the fact that they do not contain cuprous oxide. Where possible such antifoulings should only be used where they have to be i.e. on Aluminium. Ablative/eroding types are not specifically recommended in this chart for use in fresh water as the eroding effects may be variable. Such products rely on the sea water alkalinity to perform correctly. In brackish water either is okay although the level of salinity may have some effect on the eroding types.

14 Chart 6 Filler guide TYPE OF JOB ABOVE AND BELOW WATERLINE GENERAL SPOT FILLING USE WHERE HIGHER COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH IS REQUIRED SMALLER FILLING AND FAIRING JOBS PLUS PIN HOLE FILLING IN INTERFILL 830 FILLING AND FAIRING MIX YOUR OWN GLUEING / SEALING SHEATHING / LAMINATING FINE FILLING OVER OTHER FILLERS BRUSH OR SPRAY NOT SOLVENT FREE FILLING AND FAIRING PRE-MADE ONLY AVAILABLE FOR USE WITH WRITTEN SPECIFICATIONS EPIFILL INTERFILL 833 HT9000 MICROSURFACER INTERFILL 835 INTERFILL 830 MEDIUM / LIGHTWEIGHT MEDIUM / LIGHTWEIGHT LIGHTWEIGHT MEDIUM / LIGHTWEIGHT LIGHTWEIGHT Microsurfacer versus Interfill 835. Microsurfacer is able to be brushed and rolled because it contains slower solvents than the Interfill 835. Interfill 835 is faster to touch dry and cannot reasonably be brushed. Interfill 835 also has an easier mixing ratio than Microsurfacer.

15 Chart 7 Thinner guide Note that Antifouling Thinners No 3 can be used as a wipe down solvent for any two pack product surface prior to applying more primer, undercoat or especially topcoat. The product will remove traces of dust or contamination without leading to print thru or ghost marks.

16 Chart 8 Epoxy Guide HT9000 HT9000 PART A (resin portion) HT9000 PART B FAST HARDENER HT9000 PART B STANDARD HARDENER HT9000 PART B SLOW HARDENER USE WITH ALL HARDENERS MIXING RATIO CONSTANT 4 : 1 BY VOLUME USE AT LOW TEMPERATURES USEFUL FOR QUICK REPAIR WORK SUITABLE FOR ALL USES BEST CHOICE FOR FAIRING USE ABOVE 20 DEG C USED MOSTLY IN TROPICAL CONDITIONS Note. Epiglue is an ideal option for small or large jobs but especially with the smaller jobs it is easier and more convenient to use with reduced wastage and time.

17 Timber Timber

18 Chart 9 Above waterline single pack EVERDURE OPTIONAL SEE NOTES INTERDECK or TOPLAC 2 COATS Plus INTERGRIP for DECKS 2 COATS TIMBER YACHT PRIMER 3 4 COATS PREKOTE 1 2 COATS SPOT FILL WITH EPIFILL, HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 833 TOPLAC 2 COATS If the timber has been sheathed then refer to flow sheets for epoxy sheathed hulls. The timber may be sealed with Everdure 4 coats wet on wet if for example the vessel will be in fresh water where potential decay of the timber may occur. This will also provide extra protection for vessels moored in sea water. Two coats of Prekote may be required depending on level of sanding carried out and the level of finish required. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

19 Chart 10 Below waterline single pack TIMBER SPOT FILL WITH EPIFILL, HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 833 PRIMOCON 3 COATS ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS If the timber has been sheathed then refer to flow sheets for epoxy sheathed hulls. Primocon is not very sandable and therefore the final finish obtained may not be as smooth as you would obtain by using Yacht Primer which may be sanded to a superfine finish. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application. First coat of Primocon should be thinned 15% to aid penetration into the timber.

20 Chart 11 Above waterline two pack EVERDURE OPTIONAL SEE NOTES PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 TIMBER INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS SPOT FILL WITH EPIFILL, HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 833 PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS If timber has been sheathed with epoxy refer to flow diagram for two pack, epoxy composite or epoxy sheathing. The timber may be sealed with Everdure 4 coats wet on wet if for example the vessel will be in fresh water where potential decay of the timber may occur. This will also provide extra protection for vessels moored in sea water. For interior work in dry areas only Interprotect could be dispensed with. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry.

21 Chart 12 Below waterline two pack EVERDURE OPTIONAL SEE NOTES TIMBER INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY PER COAT 250 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS SPOT FILL WITH EPIFILL, HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 833 If timber has been sheathed with epoxy refer to flow diagram for two pack, epoxy composite or epoxy sheathing. The timber may be sealed with Everdure 4 coats wet on wet if for example the vessel will be in fresh water where potential decay of the timber may occur. This will also provide extra protection for vessels moored in sea water. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns.

22 Aluminium & steel

23 Chart 13 Above waterline single pack Using a single pack system on metal does not allow for the use of filling and fairing materials. If filling and fairing is required then apply 1 brushed coat of Interprotect either over the Etch Primer or direct to well profiled metal surface. Fill and fair over that and then either apply Yacht Primer or continue with Interprotect (4 brushed coats) followed in both cases by Prekote etc. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application

24 Chart 14 Below waterline single pack ALUMINIUM OR STEEL ETCH PRIMER IF ALUMINIUM SURFACE NOT PROFILED 1 COAT PRIMOCON 5 COATS BRUSHED OR 3 COATS SPRAYED ANTIFOULING 2 COATS COPPER OXIDE FREE ON ALUMINIUM ANY TYPE ON STEEL STEEL MUST BE ANGLE GROUND OR GRIT BLASTED TO PROFILE It is critical when applying antifouling to aluminium craft that sufficient primer is applied and that antifouling paint is not allowed to come near unpainted aluminium otherwise serious corrosion will occur. It is recommended that for best results below the waterline the metal surface should be well profiled. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

25 Chart 15 Above waterline two pack ALUMINIUM OR STEEL ETCH PRIMER IF ALUMINIUM SURFACE NOT PROFILED 1 COAT OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED INTERPROTECT 40 MICRONS DRY ONLY ONLY REQUIRED IF FILLING/FAIRING FILL AND FAIR HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 830/833 PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS STEEL MUST BE ANGLE GROUND OR GRIT BLASTED TO PROFILE PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS The number of coats of primers and undercoats is variable depending on the level of sanding to be carried out. The coat of Interprotect applied prior to filling and fairing should be restricted to a maximum of 40 microns. This coat may also be applied as a holding primer and will last for several days. Perfection Undercoat is used as a tie coat between the epoxy Interprotect and the finish coats to ensure long term permanent adhesion of the finish coats. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry.

26 Chart 16 Below waterline two pack ETCH PRIMER IF ALUMINIUM SURFACE NOT PROFILED 1 COAT OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED ALUMINIUM OR STEEL INTERPROTECT 40 MICRONS DRY ONLY ONLY REQUIRED IF FILLING/FAIRING FILL AND FAIR HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 830/833 INTERPROTECT 2 COATS 125 MICRONS PER COAT 250 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING 2 COATS COPPER OXIDE FREE ON ALUMINIUM ANY TYPE ON STEEL STEEL MUST BE ANGLE GROUND OR GRIT BLASTED TO PROFILE The coat of Interprotect applied prior to filling and fairing should be restricted to a maximum of 40 microns. This coat may also be applied as a holding primer and will last for several days. It is important to ensure that the antifouling is applied within the stated recoat times to the Interprotect or else delamination of the antifouling may occur after launching and/or when the vessel is hauled out after a seasons use. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns.

27 Polyester / Epoxy etc.

28 Chart 17 Above waterline single pack OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED EPOXY COMPOSITE SPOXY SHEATHED POLYESTER VINYL ESTER OPTIONAL FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 or INTERFILL 830/833 YACHT PRIMER SEE NOTES FOR USE 0 2 COATS It is important that moisture levels of GRP polyester and vinyl ester hulls be checked prior to commencement of the painting scheme. If levels are high then some blistering of the paint scheme may take place at a later stage. Drying out the laminate is the alternative solution. INTERDECK OR TOPLAC plus Intergrip for DECKS 2 COATS PREKOTE 1 2 COATS TOPLAC 2 COATS The use of Yacht Primer is dictated by the quality of the surface being painted. If for example it is a GRP hull and the gelcoat is aged then 1 2 coats are recommended to be applied. If the gelcoat is new and in excellent condition then the Yacht Primer can be left out. Any large areas of filling carried out must also be sealed with Yacht Primer before applying Prekote. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

29 Chart 18 Below waterline single pack EPOXY COMPOSITE EPOXY SHEATHED POLYESTER VINYL ESTER OPTIONAL FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 830/833 PRIMOCON 1-4 COATS ANTIFOULING - ANY TYPE 2 COATS Having built an epoxy boat or a timber boat and sheathed it with epoxy resin we strongly recommend that a matching two pack epoxy primer be applied. In the case of GRP vessels we strongly recommend the use of Interprotect (an epoxy primer) as a precaution against osmosis. One coat of Primocon will provide satisfactory adhesion to the surface. If major levels of filling and fairing have been carried out then apply up to 3 extra coats of Primocon to ensure these areas are well sealed. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

30 Chart 19 Above waterline two pack OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED EPOXY COMPOSITE EPOXY SHEATHED POLYESTER VINYL ESTER FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 830/833 It is important that moisture levels of GRP polyester and vinyl ester hulls be checked prior to commencement of the painting scheme. If levels are high then some blistering of the paint scheme may take place at a later stage. Drying out the laminate is the alternative solution. The number of coats of primers and undercoats is variable depending on the level of sanding to be carried out. PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS PERFECTION OR INTERSPRAY 900 PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS Perfection Undercoat is used as a tie coat between the epoxy Interprotect and the finish coats to ensure long term permanent adhesion of the finish coats. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprotect may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

31 Chart 20 Below waterline two pack OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED EPOXY COMPOSITE EPOXY SHEATHED POLYESTER VINYL ESTER FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX or INTERFILL 830/833 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY PER COAT 250 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS It is important to ensure that the antifouling is applied within the stated recoat times to the Interprotect or else severe delamination of the antifouling may occur after launching and especially when the vessel is hauled out after a seasons use. The number of coats suggested is for spray application. Brush application will require more coats. The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprotect may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

32 Varnishing & Associated Products

33 Chart 21 Single pack TIMBER OPTIONAL SEALER EVERDURE SEE NOTES EXTERIOR INTERIOR CLASSIC TECHNOLOGY ORIGINAL TECHNOLOGY GLOSS SATIN SCHOONER TROPICAL GOLDSPAR ORIGINAL GOLDSPAR ORIGINAL SCHOONER TROPICAL GOLDSPAR ORIGINAL 2-3 coats GOLDSPAR SATIN 3 COATS MINIMUM On oily timbers such as Teak and Iroko removing the timber oils is essential before applying any varnish. Priming should then be carried out with the first coat of varnish thinned as per the label data, usually around 10%. The number of coats required varies depending on exposure but for full tropical exposure up to at least 10 coats or more may be required. For interior 3 coats may suffice. Note that sanding between coats and/or not applying sufficient film build per coat will if the minimum number of coats only is applied lead to a very reduced performance. GOLDSPAR SATIN 1-2 COATS Regular maintenance by way of touch up coats will be required for all exterior varnish work. This time period may be anywhere between 6 and 18 months depending on exposure conditions and number of coats of varnish applied in the first instance. Everdure may be used as a sealer/primer if required but is not an essential element of the system. Everdure would typically be used where a higher degree of water resistance was required. With satin finishes the best finish is obtained by applying at least 2 3 coats of gloss and then 1 2 coats of the satin finish. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

34 Chart 22 Two pack On oily timbers such as Teak and Iroko removing the timber oils is essential before applying any varnish. Everdure must be applied to seal the timber before application of any Perfection varnish. If the timber is not oily then Perfection may be applied direct after normal preparation. Perfection when applied direct should be thinned down for the first coat as per label instructions. This will ensure maximum penetration and adhesion. To achieve a satin finish apply 2 3 coats of Perfection Gloss. Sand thoroughly to remove the surface gloss and then apply 1 2 coats of Goldspar Satin. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application. Regular maintenance by way of touch up coats will be required for all exterior varnish work. This time period will vary depending on exposure conditions and number of coats of varnish applied in the first instance.

35 Chart 23 Single pack TIMBER SEMI-GLOSS TRANPARENT COLOURED FINISH CETOL 3 COATS MINIMUM TYPICALLY FOR EXTERIOR SURFACES Cetol makes an excellent finish for any type of timber. Its ability to breathe allows the product to remain intact for long periods of time without the usual problem of peeling and flaking associated with conventional clear finishes. The two colours available may be intermixed to provide intermediate colours as required. The finish obtained is a smooth low gloss sheen.

36 Miscellaneous

37 Chart 24 Single and two pack Stern drive units ALUMINIUM SINGLE PACK TWO PACK ETCH PRIMER IF SURFACE NOT PROFILED ETCH PRIMER IF SURFACE NOT PROFILED PRIMOCON 5 COATS INTERPROTECT 5 COATS COPPER OXIDE FREE ANTIFOULING COPPER OXIDE FREE ANTIFOULING It is critically important with stern drive units to ensure that adequate antifouling is applied to all edges and difficult to get at edges. Failure to do so will result in premature fouling due to the physical shape and the operating conditions under which stern drive units operate. Antifouling applied to stern drive units will never perform as well as the same antifouling applied to the hull. It will also be found that the antifouling performance will vary between the top half and the bottom half of the immersed portion due to temperature, abrasive forces and turbulent water flow. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

38 Chart 25 Above waterline Small aluminium craft & masts DEGREASE ALUMINIUM LIGHTLY ABRADE PERFECTION SIMPLE SYSTEM ETCH PRIMER 1 COAT PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS The simple system is recommended where smaller aluminium craft require a coat of paint but are not subjected to permanent exposure i.e. are trailed or dry stored and are not moored. As such, regular cleaning to remove salt deposits will pay dividends in reducing the chances of corrosion blistering. For larger masts and spars where a full paint system with possible filling and fairing, use flow chart for Above waterline, two pack, aluminium and steel.

39 Chart 26 Propellers, keels & shafts PROPELLERS & PROP SHAFTS LEAD KEELS STEEL KEELS PREPARE BY PROFILING GRIT BLASTING / DISC GRINDING PA10 1 COAT DISC GRIND & APPLY 1 COAT OF ETCH PRIMER SIMPLE SCHEME EASY FOR REPAIR OR TOUCH UP STANDARD SCHEME ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS PREFERABLY HARD TYPE COPPER OXIDE FREE ON ALUMINIUM INTERPROTECT 4 BRUSHED COATS OR 1 SPRAYED COAT PRIMOCON 5 BRUSHED COATS AS FOR STEEL HULLS BELOW WATERLINE ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS ANTIFOULING - ANY TYPE 2 COATS ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE 2 COATS Lead keels present various problems and no guarantees can be given that any system will perform 100%. An alternative to the etch priming / Primocon system is to abrade with 60 grit aluminium oxide paper and sheathe with glass cloth and HT9000. Then paint as for epoxy composites below the waterline. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

40 Chart 27 Osmosis systems For any osmosis protection system it is vital that the underlying laminate be dry and sound. If this cannot be guaranteed then the best procedure is to use the prevention system utilising Epoxy primers and accept that random blistering will occur in the future which can be dealt with on an as required basis. Typical blisters can be dealt with by scraping out, washing with fresh water and allowing to dry thoroughly. Coat the hole with HT 9000 resin mix and then fill with a HT 9000 filler mix. Then apply Epoxy Primer and Antifouling as required. The number of coats suggested is for typical brush application.

41 Chart 28 Tank systems CONSTRUCTION TYPE ALUMINIUM STEEL EPOXY POLYESTER VINYL ESTER GRIND TO ACHIEVE PROFILE REMOVE AMINE BLUSH SAND TO ROUGHEN ENSURE WELL CURED ENSURE FULLY CURED REMOVE EITHER WAX OR UNCURED SURFACE LAYER BY GRINDING APPLY PRODUCT AS SPECIFIED APPLY PRODUCT AS SPECIFIED APPLY PRODUCT AS SPECIFIED The stripe coat should be applied by brush along weld lines and all corners and is intended to ensure that these difficult areas receive sufficient film build. It also ensures that any pinholing in weld lines etc is filled in. It is vitally important when painting tanks that air movement is employed such that solvent vapours are efficiently removed from the bottom of the tank. This will usually entail some form of extraction from the bottom of the tank, not just a blower pointing into the top of the tank. Failure to observe these basic rules will result in poor cure and in the case of fresh water tanks may lead to a water taint difficult to eliminate. For fuel tanks other than diesel do not use this flow chart. The number of coats required will depend on the product specified which in turn depends on the intended end use of the tank.

42 Chart 29 Two pack Stainless steel GRIT BLAST OR MECHANICALLY PROFILE INTERLINE 641 OR INTERGARD TL HB EN48/ MICRONS DRY MINIMUM INTERPROTECT 1 COAT AT 125 MICRONS DRY This is a system that has found itself suitable for below the waterline areas such as keels, trim tabs and even jet units. The surface of the stainless steel must be well profiled and only abrasive blasting will really suffice. For most situations use the standard specification for STEEL using Interprime 820 as the primer. ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE

43 Chart 30 Two pack Bilge areas composite SURFACE PREPARATION FOR GRP, COMPOSITE SURFACES INTERGARD COATS 100 MICRONS DRY TOTAL This is an easy low cost option for the painting of the interior skins of composite boats where easy application is required.

44 Chart 31 Two pack Chain lockers for larger vessels This is an easy to apply one product system for chain lockers on larger vessels where the coating will be subjected to high impact forces from heavy chains etc and an aesthetically good looking paint finish is not the prime requirement. Note that the colour may yellow with age but will not affect its performance. Two coats are recommended on steel or aluminium to prevent corrosion.

45 Chart 32 Interior Systems (Fire Rated) TYPE OF JOB INTERIOR SURFACE AS REQUIRED SUITABLE DEGREASER AS REQUIRED 860 INTERIOR PRIMER 1 STRIPE COAT AT 75 MICRONS DRY 1 FULL COAT AT 125 MICRONS DRY INTERIOR FINISH OR 2 COATS AT 40 MICRONS DRY Note that fire rating is only valid when system is applied to metal substrates. STEEL: Degrease the surface (see note below). Gritblast to Sa 2½ - near white metal surface. If gritblasting is not possible, grind the metal surface with grit abrasive discs to a uniform, clean, bright metal surface with a microns anchor pattern. Use angle grinder on small areas. STEEL with a Shop Primer: Degrease the surface (see note below). Ensure that the surface is clean from contaminants e.g. rust, dust, oil, grease and dirt. Note: shop primer should have been applied on to a substrate where standard profile requirements have been achieved. ALUMINIUM: Degrease the surface (see note below). STAINLESS STEEL: Degrease the surface (see note below). Light gritblast to produce a profile of 50 microns. BARE WOOD: Sand with 120 grade (grit) paper. Remove oil from oily woods eg teak, using Universal Thinners #4. Change cloths frequently. LAMINATE: Closed and sound condition laminate only. Note: fibres are impregnated with resin, no fibres exposed. Degrease the surface (see note below). GELCOAT: Degrease the surface (see note below). Sand with 80 grade (grit) paper. Ensure sanding debris is removed prior to proceeding. POWDER COATED SURFACES: Degrease the surface (see note below).

46 Professional

47 Chart 33 Above waterline Polyester / Vinyl ester / Epoxy composite / Epoxy sheathed PREPARED BY SANDING OR EQUIVALENT METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED SUBSTRATE FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS The number of coats of Interprotect or any of the chosen polyurethane undercoats required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprotect may be beneficial prior to applying filler and or spray filler. INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION INTERSPRAY 900 or PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS

48 Chart 34 Below waterline Polyester / Vinyl ester / Epoxy composite / Epoxy sheathed PREPARED BY SANDING OR EQUIVALENT METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED SUBSTRATE FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY PER COAT 250 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING ANY TYPE The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns. For special projects the use of Intergard 263 (FAJ034/FAA262) may be permitted where application of antifouling poses a problem with the recoat times of the Interprotect. This product should be applied at microns wet to give microns dry after the last coat of Interprotect has been applied. Note that the film build of the epoxy primer should not be reduced significantly if the Intergard is used. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprotect may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

49 Chart 35 Above waterline Polyester / Vinyl ester / Epoxy composite / Epoxy sheathed SUBSTRATE PREPARED BY SANDING OR EQUIVALENT METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPRIME COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION INTERSPRAY 900 or PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS The number of coats of Interprime 820 and any of the chosen polyurethane undercoats required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprime 820 may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

50 Chart 36 Below waterline Polyester / Vinyl ester / Epoxy composite / Epoxy sheathed PREPARED BY SANDING OR EQUIVALENT METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED SUBSTRATE FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPRIME COAT 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM INTERPROTECT 1 COAT 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING - ANY TYPE The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns. For special projects the use of Intergard 263 (FAJ034/FAA262) may be permitted where application of antifouling poses a problem with the recoat times of the Interprotect. This product should be applied at microns wet to give microns dry after the last coat of Interprotect has been applied. Note that the film build of the epoxy primer should not be reduced significantly if the Intergard is used. In this system it would obviously be simpler to delete the Interprotect and apply 2 coats of Interprime 820 and then the Intergard 263. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprime 820 may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

51 Chart 37 Interior finish Polyester / Vinyl ester / Epoxy composite / Epoxy sheathed PREPARED BY SANDING OR EQUIVALENT METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED SUBSTRATE FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 2 COATS REACTION LACQUER SEMI GLOSS OPTIONAL INTERPROTECT FOR USE AS SURFACE FILLING MUST USE IF SPRAY FILLER USED The use of Interprotect is optional if further build is required as a sanding primer/filler. Reaction Lacquer Semi-Gloss gives a hard wearing surface suitable for all areas of interior use. There is no specific requirement for minimum dry film builds provided the surface is in a totally dry environment. Film build will however govern the appearance of the final finish and for that reason at least 90 microns dry of primer/undercoat should be present between any filler and the topcoat. Depending on the exact nature of the substrate an initial prime coat of Interprotect may be beneficial prior to applying filler and/or spray filler.

52 Chart 38 Above waterline Superyacht spec for aluminium and steel ALUMINIUM STEEL PREPARE BY SUITABLE METHOD OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED INTERPRIME 820 TIE COAT 65 MICRONS DRY ONLY REQUIRED IF FILLING FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPRIME COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM The number of coats of Interprime 820 and chosen polyurethane undercoat required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 2 COATS INTERSPRAY 900 INTERSPRAY 900 PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS

53 Chart 39 Below waterline Superyacht spec for aluminium and steel ALUMINIUM STEEL PREPARE BY SUITABLE METHOD INTERPRIME COAT 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM INTERPROTECT 1 COAT 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM ANTIFOULING 2 COATS COPPER OXIDE FREE ON ALUMINIUM ANY TYPE ON STEEL The total primer thickness between filler and antifouling should not fall below 250 microns. For special projects the use of Intergard 263 (FAJ034/FAA262) may be permitted where application of antifouling poses a problem with the recoat times of the Interprotect. This product should be applied at microns wet to give microns dry after the last coat of Interprotect has been applied. Note that the film build of the epoxy primer should not be reduced significantly if the Intergard is used. In this system it would obviously be simpler to delete the Interprotect and apply 2 coats of Interprime 820 and then the Intergard 263.

54 Chart 40 Aluminium spars High performance system ALUMINIUM SPAR PREPARE BY ONE OF THREE METHODS OPTION 1 PROFILE ALUMINIUM TO MICRONS MINIMUM OPTION 3 LIGHT SAND, ACID WASH 1 COAT OF ETCH PRIMER OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED DEGREASE WITH SUITABLE DEGREASER INTERPRIME COAT 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPRIME COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS OPTION 2 PROPRIETARY DEOXIDISING SYSTEM The film build of Interprime 820 applied direct to the metal surface is critical if filling and fairing is to be carried out. Film build should not exceed around 65 microns dry. The number of coats of Interprime 820 and chosen polyurethane undercoat required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION

55 Chart 41 Aluminium spars High performance system ALUMINIUM SPAR PREPARE BY ONE OF THREE METHODS OPTION 1 PROFILE ALUMINIUM TO MICRONS MINIMUM OPTION 3 LIGHT SAND, ACID WASH 1 COAT OF ETCH PRIMER DEGREASE WITH SUITABLE DEGREASER OPTION 2 PROPRIETARY DEOXIDISING SYSTEM The film build of Interprotect applied direct to the metal surface is critical if filling and fairing is to be carried out. Film build should not exceed around 40 microns dry. INTERPROTECT 40 MICRONS DRY ONLY IF FILLING AND FAIRING TO BE CARRIED OUT OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED FILL AND FAIR WITH HT9000 MIX OR INTERFILL 830 / 833 INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS The number of coats of Interprotect and chosen polyurethane undercoat required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. The total primer/undercoat thickness between filler and topcoat should not fall below 200 microns dry. INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION

56 Repairs

57 Chart 42 Repaint above waterline Aged paint in good condition ABOVE WATERLINE INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION INTERPROTECT 1 COAT 40 MICRONS DRY MICROSURFACER OR INTERFILL 835 INTERPRIME 820 OR INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS 125 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS This specification is for use where a vessel with a sound paint system is up for a repaint and filling is required by using spray filler. The thin coat of Interprotect acts as a tie coat for the spray filler onto the possible unknown paint and any exposed substrates. The Interprotect must be well cured and sanded to provide a key. The number of coats of Interprime 820 / Interprotect and chosen polyurethane undercoat required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness.

58 Chart 43 Repaint above waterline To apply Interspray 900 OPTIONAL INTERPROTECT 125 MICRONS DRY INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION ABOVE WATERLINE PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 48 MICRONS DRY MINIMUM INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS This specification is for use where a vessel with a sound paint system is up for a repaint with Interspray 900. The spec calls for one coat of polyurethane undercoat but more may be applied if heavy sanding is to be carried out in an attempt to fill minor depressions etc. An optional coat of Interprotect may be applied if the previous paint is very worn and/or requires some slight filling of minor defects to enable sanding to take place. There is no minimum film build requirements other than for the Interspray 900 as this system is simply a refurbishment over existing paint.

59 Chart 44 Repaint below waterline Over-aged or unknown antifoulings BELOW WATERLINE PRIMOCON 1 COAT 40 MICRONS DRY ANTIFOULING 2 COATS COPPER OXIDE FREE ON ALUMINIUM ANY TYPE ON OTHER SURFACES This specification is for use where a vessel with an unknown or known incompatible antifouling requires a repaint. A thin coat of Primocon is used as a sealer and tie coat. Film build dry should be 40 microns requiring 120 microns wet only. Do not over apply Primocon. The number of coats suggested is for spray or brush application.

60 Chart 45 Repaint above waterline Aged paint, spot-filling required ABOVE WATERLINE OPTIONAL SPRAY FILLER MICROSURFACER / INTERFILL OR 2 COATS AS REQUIRED SPOT FILL DAMAGED AREAS WITH HT9000 FILLER INTERPRIME 820 OR INTERPROTECT 1-2 COATS MICRONS DRY MINIMUM OVER SPOT-FILLED AREAS OR OVER WHOLE AREA IF REQUIRED PERFECTION UNDERCOAT or YRA600 UNDERCOAT 1-2 COATS over whole area This specification is for use where a vessel has a system in good condition but with damage requiring repairing with filler. The number of coats of Interprime 820 / Interprotect and chosen polyurethane undercoat required to be applied depends on the level of sanding carried out. Heavy sanding will entail the application of more product to make up for lost film build thickness. INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION INTERSPRAY 900 OR PERFECTION PLUS INTERGRIP FOR DECKS

61 Contact Details Australia: E54/76 Waterway Drive, Coomera QLD 4209 Ph: Fax: Technical Helpline: New Zealand: 686 Rosebank Road, Avondale, Auckland Ph: Fax: Technical Helpline:

62 Thank you for your attention

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