2016 CCAA. STROKE and TURN TEST

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1 2016 CCAA STROKE and TURN TEST For this test, information will come from the glossary and sections through 101.7, , , through 5 in the USA swimming rulebook BREASTSTROKE 1) In the breaststroke, how shall the hands be pushed forward from the breast? a) together over the water b) together on the water c) together under the water d) any of the above 2) In the breaststroke, except for the final stroke before a turn, during the turn, or at the final stroke at the finish, what part of the body must be underwater? a) the hands b) the arms c) the elbows d) the heels 3) In the breaststroke, when shall the swimmer be permitted to bring the hands back beyond the hip line in the stroke? a) once during the first stroke after the start and after each turn b) when the athlete is aged 10 or under and is given permission to do so. c) just before each turn and finish d) at no time during the stroke 4) In the breaststroke, a swimmer uses a single downward butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick during or at the completion of the first arm pull. Should the swimmer be disqualified? a) No, the swimmer did the breaststroke properly as one dolphin kick is permitted at any time during the start and after each turn but before the first breaststroke kick. b) Yes, for using the butterfly kick at any time in the breaststroke. c) Yes, for using the downward butterfly kick if done before starting the first arm pull.

2 5) In the breaststroke, at each turn and at the finish of the race, what is required to make a legal touch or finish? a) The touch shall be made simultaneously with both hands, separated. The shoulders must be parallel to the water. b) The touch must be made simultaneously with both hands separated, at the water level only. c) The touch must be made simultaneously with both hands, separated, below the water level only. d) The touch shall be made simultaneously with both hands at, above, or below the water level, separated. 6) In the breaststroke, what is the required position of the hands in relation to the surface of the water during the pulling portion of the stroke? a) The hands shall be brought back on or under the surface of the water. b) The hands shall be brought back on, above, or under the surface of the water. c) The hands shall be brought back under the surface of the water. d) None of the above 7) In the breaststroke, what is the required body position as the swimmer leaves the wall after completing a legal turn? a) After the start and after each turn, when the swimmer leaves the wall, the body shall be kept on the breast. b) The body must be on the breast with the shoulders parallel to the surface of the water. c) The body shall be kept oriented toward the breast and is not permitted to roll on to the back at any time. d) The body may be oriented toward the back only when coming off the wall on a turn provided the orientation to the breast is achieved before the head breaks the water. 8) In the breast stroke, a scissors kick is not allowed. What constitutes a scissor kick? a) when both feet alternate in relation to each other b) the use of the instep of one foot and the bottom of the other foot in the propulsive part of the kick c) when all up and down movements of the legs and feet are simultaneous

3 9) In the breaststroke, after the start and after each turn when the swimmer leaves the wall, the body shall be kept on the breast. What constitutes being on the breast? a) when the shoulders are at or past the vertical toward the back. b) when the shoulders are completely parallel to the surface of the water with no deflection toward the vertical c) when the shoulders are at or past the vertical toward the breast BUTTERFLY 10) In the butterfly, after the start and after each turn, and before the head has broken the surface of the water, how many kicks and pulls is the swimmer permitted to take? a) one kick and one arm pull. b) one or more leg kicks, but only one arm pull under the water that must bring the swimmer to the surface c) one kick, one arm pull, and one recovery (of the arms) d) one or more kicks, one arm pull, and one recovery (of the arms) 11) In the butterfly, after the touch has been made on the turn, and the swimmer turns in any manner, the shoulders must be past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall. What constitutes being vertical? a) being submerged below the water surface b) being horizontal to the water surface c) being perpendicular to the water surface 12) In the butterfly, what do the rules say about the legs and feet during a kick? a) A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted. b) The legs or feet shall not alternate in relation to each other. c) The position of the legs or the feet need not to be on the same level (plane). 13) In the butterfly, which part of the body must be brought forward over the water and pulled back simultaneously? a) both shoulders b) both hands c) both elbows d) both arms

4 14) In the butterfly, at each turn and at the finish, what is required to make a legal touch? Select the best answer. a) Touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously above the water surface. b) Touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously below the water surface. c) Touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously when the shoulders are parallel to the water s surface. d) Touch shall be made with two hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface. 15) In the butterfly, what is required of the swimmer with regard to the water s surface? a) The swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish, but it is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged for a distance of not more than 15 meters after the start and after each turn. b) The swimmer s shoulders must be parallel to the water s surface. c) Swimmers may be submerged as long as they can hold their breath. d) The touch must be made above the surface of the water 16) In the butterfly, the arms must be brought forward over the water and brought back simultaneously. What constitutes the arm? a) the part of the body from the wrist to the shoulder b) the part of the body from the fingertips to the shoulder c) the part of the body from the elbow to the shoulder 17) At the finish of the butterfly, the swimmer initiates a stroke too close to the wall, and realizes this too late to complete the stroke, and then pushes their arms forward under the water and makes a two hand, simultaneous touch under the water. This is: a) legal because the touch was made in accordance with the finish rules for the butterfly b) illegal because the arms made an underwater recovery instead of going over the water c) legal because the initial pull was made legally and not completed, so it doesn t count as a stroke.

5 BACKSTROKE 18) In the backstroke, after the starter gives a legal start signal or command, a swimmer then stands in or on the gutter, or places the toes over the lip of the gutter. Which person has the jurisdiction to make the call to disqualify the swimmer? a) A stroke and turn judge, who shall ensure that after the start and when turning and finishing that the swimmer complies with the rules applicable to the backstroke. b) The starter, as this constitutes a false start. c) This requires dual confirmation by the starter and the meet referee. d) Neither, as this is legal for the swimmer to do in the backstroke 19) In the backstroke, after executing a turn, at what point must the swimmer return to a position on the back to be considered a legal turn? a) before the first arm stroke b) no later than the first arm stroke, but before the 15 meter mark c) upon leaving the wall 20) In the backstroke, when can the butterfly kick be used? a) It may be used at any time during the race since the backstroke has no defined kick and the rule book doesn t prohibit this action. b) It may be used only after the start and after each turn. c) It may never be used. d) None of the above 21) In the backstroke, during an intermediate turn, after the shoulders have turned past the vertical toward the breast, how many arm pulls does the swimmer legally have as part of the turn? a) The swimmer may take multiple arm pulls and kick in any manner to initiate the turn. b) The swimmer must use a freestyle flip turn to initiate the turning action; therefore he/she cannot take two single arm pulls after leaving his back. c) A single arm pull or a simultaneous double arm pull may be used to initiate the turn. d) The swimmer may take two additional single arm pulls to initiate the turn.

6 22) In the backstroke, at the turns and at the finish, how does the swimmer perform a legal touch? a) The touch may only be done by the hands. b) Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall during the turns and, upon the finish of the race, the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. c) The touch may not be done with the head or shoulders. 23) In the backstroke, a swimmer pushes off on the back and continues swimming on the back throughout the race. What constitutes being on the back? a) when the shoulders are at or past the vertical toward the breast b) when the back is completely parallel to the surface of the water with no degree of being toward the vertical c) when the shoulders are at or past the vertical toward the back FREESTYLE 24) In an individual freestyle event, what style may the swimmer use? a) only the crawl b) any style the swimmer wants, including breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke c) any style other than the breaststroke, butterfly, or the backstroke 25) In the freestyle, a legal turn requires that the swimmer touch the wall with a) his/her hand b) his/her feet c) any part of his/her body d) any part of his/her body as long as he/she is past the vertical, oriented toward the breast 26) In the freestyle, it is permissible for the swimmer to a) stop and stand on the bottom of the pool. b) push off the bottom to restart after stopping. c) use the lane line to hang on and then use it to pull himself forward when restarting.

7 INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY 27) What is the required order for the strokes swum in the individual medley? a) butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle b) backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke, freestyle c) breaststroke, backstroke, butterfly, freestyle d) backstroke, butterfly, breast stroke, freestyle 28) In the individual medley (IM), when changing from one stroke to another (transitional turn), do we apply the intermediary turn rules for each stroke or do we apply the finish rules for the stroke just completed? a) We apply neither. b) We apply the finish rules for the stroke just completed. c) We apply the turn rules for the stroke just completed. d) We apply neither 29) In the IM, which transitional turn rules must the swimmer follow when turning from the butterfly to the backstroke? a) The swimmer must be on the breast when the touch is made at the end of the butterfly. b) The swimmer must be at or past the vertical toward the back when the swimmer leaves the wall. c) The touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface. 30) In the IM, when changing from the backstroke to the breaststroke, what is the position of the body when the swimmer touches the wall? a) At the completion of the distance, the swimmer must touch the wall on the back with any part of their body. b) If the swimmer touches the wall simultaneously with both hands, the swimmer is disqualified c) The touch shall be made simultaneously with both hands at, above, or below the water level. d) The swimmer must touch the wall on the back with only his hand.

8 RELAYS 31) What is the stroke order for the medley relay? a) butterfly, breaststroke, backstroke, freestyle b) butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle c) backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke, freestyle d) backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle 32) In any relay event, how long may any team member remain in the water? a) The swimmer must exit the water before the swimmer on the following leg reaches the far end of the pool. b) The swimmer may remain in the water as long as he or she needs to recover. c) Each relay member must leave the water immediately upon finishing his/her leg, except the last swimmer. 33) In the freestyle leg of the mixed medley relay, what style may the swimmer use? a) The swimmer may use only the crawl stroke. b) The swimmer may use any stroke other than the backstroke, the breaststroke, or the butterfly. c) The swimmer may use any stroke or combination of strokes the swimmer chooses. 34) In the freestyle relay, what style or strokes may each swimmer use for his portion of the swim? a) any style b) only the crawl c) any style except butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke DISQUALIFICATIONS 35) When can a disqualification be called by a judge? a) Only if the meet referee saw the same infraction. b) If the judge clearly saw the infraction, whether he raised his hand overhead immediately or not. c) Any time the judge clearly saw the infraction, even if it is outside of his jurisdiction. d) Only if the infraction occurred within the judge s jurisdiction and the judge immediately raised one hand overhead with the palm open.

9 36) Which of the following scenarios is legal? a) The swimmer assigned to lane 1starts in lane 2 and finishes in lane 1. b) The swimmer assigned to lane 3 starts in lane 3 and finishes in lane 4. c) The swimmer assigned to lane 3 swims part of the race in lane 4 but finishes in lane 3 without interfering with the other swimmer. 37) What might the official observe when the swimmer performs an illegal backstroke finish? a) A swimmer completely submerged at the finish b) A swimmer will touch the wall on his back with his head. c) The swimmer will touch the wall oriented toward her back. 38) A false start: a) can only be called by the starter. b) must be confirmed by the meet referee. c) can be called by the meet referee or the starter. d) can be called by the meet referee if the starter misses a false start 39) In judging the stroke or kick of a physically disabled swimmer, what rule should be followed? a) If a part of the body is absent or can t be used, it is not judged. b) If a part of the body is used during the stroke or kick, it must be judged and must conform to the rules for that stroke. c) Judgment should be made based on the actual rule, not the swimmer s technique 40) For a disqualification to be valid, which of the following must be true? a) The official must raise their hand above his/her head at the time of the disqualification. b) The meet official must see the infraction as well. c) The official must tell the coach of the violation. d) None of the above

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