CMNI-Convention in relation to

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CMNI-Convention in relation to"

Transcription

1 -Convention in relation to the Bratislava Agreements Zsolt Kovács Gárdos, Füredi, Mosonyi, Tomori Law Firm 6th IVR-Colloquium 22nd and 23rd January 2009 Prague

2 HISTORY IN BRIEF Unlike on the Rhine, alongside the Danube the riparian countries never had a sophisticated t system of cooperation. The Danube inland waterway transport was governed by the Belgrade Convention, which regulated (and still regulates) only a rather limited segment of the navigation on the Danube. At the same time most of the Danube countries belonged to the communist block, which meant only one (state owned) shipping company in each country. When the need arose to create a private law framework in the early 1950 s, these monopolist companies agreed on the conditions they would use in respect of the river transportation. Together with the fact that the Danube was a fully separated waterway, this had an actual effect of this agreement - the Bratislava Agreements of being used as a kind of an international treaty. 1

3 THE WIND OF CHANGE DMR Canal Opening of the Rhine-Main-Donau Canal meant that new carriers appeared applying their own conditions and not the Bratislava Agreements Fall of the communist regimes 2

4 THE WIND OF CHANGE DMR Canal Fall of the communist regimes The shipping market in the Danube countries became free that is the state owned shipping companies had been privatized and new shipping companies have been formed The Bratislava Agreements gradually lost its perceived role as a international agreement on the multiplayer markets 3

5 THE WIND OF CHANGE DMR Canal Fall of the communist regimes Until the coming into force of in 2005 the laws of the Danube countries on inland transportation were still different The Bratislava Agreements could still played the role of a unified set of rules as the laws on the contract of carriage were mostly dispositive, i.e. the parties could freely agree on the application of the Bratislava Agreements changed this fundamentally being a genuine international treaty 4

6 THE NEW SITUATION AFTER SCOPE is applicable to any contract of carriage in the international inland waterway transport, if at least one of the ports is in a state APPLICATION CHOICE OF LAW 5

7 THE NEW SITUATION AFTER SCOPE Within its scope steps into the place of the local laws Domestic (national) laws and individual contracts may supplement the rules of but may not contradict it APPLICATION CHOICE OF LAW General transport conditions will have to be measured against and not the local transport laws is applicable regardless of the nationality, place of registration or home port of the vessel the nationality, domicile, registered office or place of residence of the carrier 6

8 THE NEW SITUATION AFTER SCOPE Freedom of choice limited APPLICATION The law chosen by the parties is only applicable in questions not regulated by No use to agree in the application of the law of a jurisdiction outside, if the port of loading or discharge is in a state CHOICE OF LAW that is primer to the Bratislava Agreements on an international level as its members are states, however may the Bratislava Agreement be in force in any of the members of, in case of no contradiction, the terms of Bratislava Agreement may be supplementing the. 7

9 THE BRATISLAVA AGREEMENTS The Bratislava Agreements include several agreements, which the member companies undertake to apply in their inland navigation activity The main areas General terms and conditions of international carriage of goods on the Danube Freight policies General average Mutual assistance at accidents Harbor agency activities Transport of flarge containers Repair The interlap between Bratislava Agreements and The rules of international carriage of goods 8

10 MEMBERS OF THE AND THE BRATISLAVA AGREEMENTS Czech Republic France Luxembourg Netherlands Switzerland Bulgaria Croatia Germany Hungary Romania Russian Federation Slovakia BRATISLAVA AGREEMENTS (countries with shipping companies that are members) Austria Serbia and Montenegro Ukraine 9

11 APPLICATION OF THE BRATISLAVA AGREEMENT AFTER The Bratislava Agreement may apply only if the does not resolve on a certain issue. expressly prohibits certain derogations in particular the exclusion or limitation of the carrier s liability to the extent below the level provided for in such clauses in general conditions are null and void Bratislava Agreement in its entirety may only be applied if the carriage is between two ports in countries not ratified If a covered port is involved in the carriage, the clauses of the Bratislava Agreement shall not apply to the extent they are in contradiction with with special regard to those provisions derogation from which is null and void. The practical result for carriers using Bratislava Agreement as general conditions Uncertainty for the carrier as to the actual content of its general conditions 10

12 1 DIFFERENCES IN THE AGREEMENTS - LIABILITY Bratislava Agreement 1 2 Liability Exoneration Loss or damage to goods; Delay in delivery of goods; 3 Special cases of exoneration 4 Limits of liability 5 Objection, enforcement of claim 11

13 2 DIFFERENCES IN THE AGREEMENTS - EXONERATION Bratislava Agreement 1 2 Liability Exoneration No general rule The general rule: If the loss was due to circumstances which a diligent carrier could not have prevented and the consequences of which he could not have averted 3 Special cases of exoneration 4 Limits of liability 5 Objection, enforcement of claim 12

14 3 DIFFERENCES IN THE AGREEMENTS SPECIAL CASES Bratislava Agreement 1 Liability Only specific cases of exoneration Some of the specific cases (strike, war etc.) would probably fall under the general exoneration rule of the Exoneration Special cases of Exoneration Limits of liability Objection, enforcement of claim force majeure, emergency; acts and conducts of authorities or administrative offices; war and other violence; actions launched by employees, union; the shipper breached the restriction of prohibited shipping; defaults and breach by the shipper or other acts that are in conflict with the BA; undetectable faults of the goods; nature of the goods; Loss of the cargo to the extent its usual by its nature damage caused by the receiver s devices on taking over the goods. the goods were handed over intact and the shipper s lead was intact; the goods were forwarded in intact package and no signs imply opening of the package the goods were shipped with a due guard on stand acts or omissions of the shipper, the consignee or the person entitled to dispose of the goods; handling, loading, stowage or discharge of the goods by the shipper, the consignee or third parties acting on behalf of the shipper or the consignee; carriage of the goods on deck or in open vessels, nature of the goods; lack of or defective condition of packaging insufficiency or inadequacy of marks identifying the goods; rescue or salvage operations or attempted rescue or salvage operations on inland waterways; carriage of live animals, unless the carrier has not taken the measures or observed the instructions agreed upon in the contract of carriage. 13

15 4 DIFFERENCES IN THE AGREEMENTS LIMITS OF LIABILITY Bratislava Agreement Liability Exoneration Special cases of exoneration Limits of liability Objection, enforcement of claim If the freight documents indicate the value of the shipped goods, the carrier's liability shall be up to that value (or the parties may mutually stipulate a higher amount). If the value is not indicted, the following rules apply: actual value of the goods or the limited liability up to units of loss; BUT the carrier is liable up to EUR 320 / piece or EUR 96/ ton, maximum. Comment: If the BA amounts would be less than the amounts then the shall prevail. In any case the limits may not be broader than that defined in. account per package or other shipping unit, or 2 units of account per kilogram of weight, specified in the freight document, of the goods lost or damaged, whichever is the higher. 14

16 5 DIFFERENCES IN THE AGREEMENTS OBJECTION, ENFORCEMENT OF CLAIM Bratislava Agreement 1 Liability 1 year 1 year 2 Exoneration 3 Special cases of exoneration 4 Limits of liability 5 Objection, enforcement of claim 15

17 We still do not have a truly unified system of transport law on this great European inland waterway. It is high time to have it! 16

Budapest Convention on the Contract for the Carriage of Goods by Inland Waterways (CMNI)

Budapest Convention on the Contract for the Carriage of Goods by Inland Waterways (CMNI) CENTRAL COMMISSION FOR THE NAVIGATION OF THE RHINE DANUBE COMMISSION UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE CMNI/CONF(99)2/FINAL ECE/TRANS/CMNI/CONF/2/FINAL 3 October 2000 Diplomatic Conference

More information

Towards an optimal integration of inland waterways in the transport chain

Towards an optimal integration of inland waterways in the transport chain EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORT AND TOURISM, Public Hearing NAIADES II Towards an optimal integration of inland waterways in the transport chain capt. Petar Margić Danube Commission HISTORICAL

More information

Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea

Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has been developing a Convention on Contracts

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 8.12.2014 COM(2014) 721 final 2014/0345 (NLE) Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION authorising Austria, Belgium and Poland to ratify, or to accede to, the Budapest Convention on

More information

THE ROTTERDAM RULES: CHANGES FROM COGSA

THE ROTTERDAM RULES: CHANGES FROM COGSA THE ROTTERDAM RULES: CHANGES FROM COGSA Copyright 2010, Charles M. Davis 1 In 1924, when the Hague Rules (The International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading,

More information

MARITIME CODE OF THE PEOPLE S REPULIC OF CHINA

MARITIME CODE OF THE PEOPLE S REPULIC OF CHINA Appendix A MARITIME CODE OF THE PEOPLE S REPULIC OF CHINA (Extracts) (Adopted at the 28th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on November 7, 1992, promulgated by

More information

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE HAGUE-VISBY RULES, THE HAMBURG RULES AND THE ROTTERDAM RULES

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE HAGUE-VISBY RULES, THE HAMBURG RULES AND THE ROTTERDAM RULES A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE HAGUE-VISBY RULES, THE HAMBURG RULES AND THE ROTTERDAM RULES FRANCESCO BERLINGIERI * This comparative analysis will be divided in the following three parts: I. Matters regulated

More information

CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE This Contract of Carriage (the "Contract") shall be governed by and subject to the laws of Canada.

CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE This Contract of Carriage (the Contract) shall be governed by and subject to the laws of Canada. CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE This Contract of Carriage (the "Contract") shall be governed by and subject to the laws of Canada. The purchaser of this Contract of carriage accepts for himself or herself and on

More information

ANNEX 1: Background to the legal framework

ANNEX 1: Background to the legal framework 1 ANNEX 1: Background to the legal framework Belgrade Convention (http://www.danubecom-intern.org) The Convention regarding the Regime of Navigation on the Danube signed in Belgrade on 18 August 1948 is

More information

THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT, 1993 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT, 1993 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTIONS THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT, 1993 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY CHAPTER II REGULATION OF MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION

More information

The Hague-Visby Rules The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 1968

The Hague-Visby Rules The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 1968 The Hague-Visby Rules The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 96 Article I Article II Article III Article IV Article IV bis Article V Article VI Article VII Article VIII Article IX Article

More information

Hague-Visby Rules. In these Rules the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to say,

Hague-Visby Rules. In these Rules the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to say, Hague-Visby Rules Article I Definitions In these Rules the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to say, (a) "carrier" includes the owner or the charterer

More information

Espoo, Finland, 25 February 1991

Espoo, Finland, 25 February 1991 . 4. CONVENTION ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN A TRANSBOUNDARY CONTEXT Espoo, Finland, 25 February 1991. ENTRY INTO FORCE 10 September 1997, in accordance with article 18(1). REGISTRATION: 10 September

More information

Postbus KE Rotterdam the Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0) internet:

Postbus KE Rotterdam the Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0) internet: International Association for the representation of the mutual interests of the inland shipping and the insurance and for keeping the register of inland vessels in Europe Postbus 23210 3001 KE Rotterdam

More information

The Members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),

The Members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), ASEAN FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT The Members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Having recognized: a. that international multimodal transport is one means of facilitating

More information

PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATHS IN RUSSIA

PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATHS IN RUSSIA PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATHS IN RUSSIA This Guide explains national law when seafarers are injured or killed in a port in Russia or on a Russian flagged ship. This document is not intended to be legal

More information

The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) 46 United States Code

The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) 46 United States Code The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) 46 United States Code 1300-1315 1300 Bills of lading subject to chapter. Every bill of lading or similar document of title which is evidence of a contract for the

More information

on effective waterway infrastructure rehabilitation and maintenance on the Danube and its navigable tributaries

on effective waterway infrastructure rehabilitation and maintenance on the Danube and its navigable tributaries Conclusions on effective waterway infrastructure rehabilitation and maintenance on the Danube and its navigable tributaries Danube Ministers Meeting Brussels 3 rd December 2014 ι We, the Ministers and

More information

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE AGREEMENT

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE AGREEMENT GENERAL CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE AGREEMENT Definitions 1. "Shipper" includes the Shipper, the Receiver, the Consignee, the Holder of the Transportation Contract for vehicle(s), and the Owner of the vehicle.

More information

Standard Conditions (1992) governing the FIATA MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING

Standard Conditions (1992) governing the FIATA MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING Standard Conditions (1992) governing the FIATA MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING Definitions «Freight Forwarder» means the Multimodal Transport Operator who issues this FBL and is named on the face of

More information

International Encyclopaedia of Laws. Transport Law - Outline. The author(s) Table of contents List of abbreviations

International Encyclopaedia of Laws. Transport Law - Outline. The author(s) Table of contents List of abbreviations International Encyclopaedia of Laws Transport Law - Outline The author(s) Table of contents List of abbreviations General Introduction 1. Geography 2. Demography 3. Information on the political and legal

More information

The process of revision of the 1948 Belgrade Convention regarding the regime of navigation on the Danube

The process of revision of the 1948 Belgrade Convention regarding the regime of navigation on the Danube 5 th IVR-Colloquium 27 & 28 January 2005 Vienna Dinescu Cosmin Director General Legal Affaires Ministry of Foreign Affaires Bucharest The process of revision of the 1948 Belgrade Convention regarding the

More information

This Bill of Lading is a Combined Transport Document. Whenever the words. "Bill of Lading" appear herein, they shall refer to Combined Transport

This Bill of Lading is a Combined Transport Document. Whenever the words. Bill of Lading appear herein, they shall refer to Combined Transport COMBINED TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING Terms and Conditions This Bill of Lading is a Combined Transport Document. Whenever the words "Bill of Lading" appear herein, they shall refer to Combined Transport Document.

More information

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 London, 19 November 1976

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 London, 19 November 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 London, 19 November 1976 as amended by Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims of 19 November

More information

PA4 Challenges during the Slovak EUSDR Presidencyin 2016

PA4 Challenges during the Slovak EUSDR Presidencyin 2016 PA4 Challenges during the Slovak EUSDR Presidencyin 2016 4 th Annual Forum of the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region Workshop: Improvement and co-operation possibilities in the water sector

More information

ALASKA AIR CARGO U.S. DOMESTIC CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT

ALASKA AIR CARGO U.S. DOMESTIC CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT ALASKA AIR CARGO U.S. DOMESTIC CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT 1. In tendering the shipment described on the Air Waybill, Shipper agrees to these Conditions of Carriage. Shipper further agrees that this Air Waybill

More information

FAX : WEB SITE :

FAX : WEB SITE : FREIGHT FORWARDERS LIABILITY BY ALGHANIM GROUP OF SHIPPING & TRANSPORT KUWAIT TEL : 2421701 TEL : 2421701 FAX : 2428678 WEB SITE : www.alghanimgroup.com WHAT IS FREIGHT FORWARDING? Freight Forwarding and

More information

United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea ("Hamburg Rules")

United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg Rules) United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea ("Hamburg Rules") (Hamburg, 31 March 1978) PREAMBLE THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION, HAVING RECOGNIZED the desirability of determining by

More information

The Rotterdam Rules from the perspective of insurers

The Rotterdam Rules from the perspective of insurers The Rotterdam Rules from the perspective of insurers An analysis of the impact of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea on the insurance

More information

2.2. Freight Forwarder means the person concluding a contract of Freight Forwarding Services with a Customer.

2.2. Freight Forwarder means the person concluding a contract of Freight Forwarding Services with a Customer. FIATA MODEL RULES FOR FREIGHT FORWARDING SERVICES PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. Applicability 1.1. These Rules apply when they are incorporated, however this is made, in writing, orally or otherwise, into

More information

DACHSER TURKEY HAVA VE DENIZ TASIMACILIGI A.S. RULES FOR FREIGHT FORWARDING SERVICES

DACHSER TURKEY HAVA VE DENIZ TASIMACILIGI A.S. RULES FOR FREIGHT FORWARDING SERVICES DACHSER TURKEY HAVA VE DENIZ TASIMACILIGI A.S. RULES FOR FREIGHT FORWARDING SERVICES PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION 1.1. These rules shall be binding upon any reference, whether verbal

More information

EU Customs Advanced Manifest Rule Presentation

EU Customs Advanced Manifest Rule Presentation EU Customs Advanced Manifest Rule Presentation Programme Highlights What is the EU Customs Advanced Manifest Rule? When is the rule becoming effective? What is the Entry Summary Declaration ENS? Which

More information

Project Data Sheet BASIC PROJECT DATA. Danube River Research and Management. Full project title: Short project title: (acronym) DREAM Project logo:

Project Data Sheet BASIC PROJECT DATA. Danube River Research and Management. Full project title: Short project title: (acronym) DREAM Project logo: BASIC PROJECT DATA Full project title: Short project title: (acronym) Danube River Research and Management DREAM Project logo: Project website: Project ID: PA1A099 Need and added value for Danube Region

More information

Multimodal Transport Operator s Liability Insurance Policy

Multimodal Transport Operator s Liability Insurance Policy (Translation) Multimodal Transport Operator s Liability Insurance Policy Definitions The meanings of the terms defined in this Section shall bear the same meanings wherever they shall appear in this Policy,

More information

TERMS AND CONDITIONS SEINO LOGIX

TERMS AND CONDITIONS SEINO LOGIX TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SEINO LOGIX (WAYBILL) SEINO LOGIX CO.,LTD This Waybill shall be subject to CMI Uniform Rules for Sea Waybill which shall be incorporated herein. 1. DEFINITIONS Carrier means the

More information

NORTH SEA FREIGHT CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE

NORTH SEA FREIGHT CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE NORTH SEA FREIGHT CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE (Paragraph headings are for ease of reference only and do not form part of this contract) APPLICABILITY The provisions set out and referred to in these Freight

More information

SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT Strasbourg, 4 November 2008 Study no. 498/2008 Or. Engl. EUROPEAN COMMISSION FOR DEMOCRACY THROUGH LAW (VENICE COMMISSION) SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME

More information

ASUS Warranty Information Form

ASUS Warranty Information Form ASUS Warranty Information Form Mr./Mrs./Ms./Miss: Telephone Number: Address: Address: E-mail: Purchase Date: / / (DD/MM/YYYY) Dealer's Name: Dealer's Telephone Number: Dealer's Address: Serial Number Important:

More information

AGREEMENT CONCERNING CONTRACTS OF TRANSPORTATION AND CIVIL LIABILITY OF CARRIERS OF GOODS BY ROAD IN INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT 1 CHAPTER I DEFINITIONS

AGREEMENT CONCERNING CONTRACTS OF TRANSPORTATION AND CIVIL LIABILITY OF CARRIERS OF GOODS BY ROAD IN INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT 1 CHAPTER I DEFINITIONS AGREEMENT CONCERNING CONTRACTS OF TRANSPORTATION AND CIVIL LIABILITY OF CARRIERS OF GOODS BY ROAD IN INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT 1 1. For the purposes of this Agreement: CHAPTER I DEFINITIONS Article 1 a)

More information

Legal Briefing. What impact will the Rotterdam Rules have on your liability? SEPTEMBER 2009 ROTTERDAM RULES

Legal Briefing. What impact will the Rotterdam Rules have on your liability? SEPTEMBER 2009 ROTTERDAM RULES Legal Briefing SEPTEMBER 2009 ROTTERDAM RULES What impact will the Rotterdam Rules have on your liability? About us This briefing is one of a continuing series which aims to share the legal expertise within

More information

A Guide to Marine Cargo Claims

A Guide to Marine Cargo Claims A Guide to Marine Cargo Claims 1 table of contents what to do when your cargo is lost or damage... 3 what if general average has arisen?... 4 what evidence is required?... 4 how to claim on policies?...

More information

Combined Transport Bill Of Lading

Combined Transport Bill Of Lading Use of these copyrighted NCBFAA Combined Transport Bill Of Lading is limited to NCBFAA Regular Members in good standing and to those who have paid an annual license fee of $1,000 to the: National Customs

More information

UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978 (HAMBURG RULES)

UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978 (HAMBURG RULES) UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978 (HAMBURG RULES) UNITED NATIONS 1994 This edition of the "Hamburg Rules" incorporates the explanatory note by the UNCITRAL secretariat previously

More information

Nicola Mason Vice President Deputy Head of Syndicate SKULD (Far East)Ltd

Nicola Mason Vice President Deputy Head of Syndicate SKULD (Far East)Ltd The Rotterdam Rules How Will They Affect Owners Nicola Mason Vice President Deputy Head of Syndicate SKULD (Far East)Ltd How Will The Rotterdam Rules Affect Owners? The Bad News Owners will lose some defences

More information

The Coverage of the Rotterdam Rules

The Coverage of the Rotterdam Rules The Coverage of the Rotterdam Rules Tomotaka Fujita I. Introduction I am very much honored to have an opportunity to make this presentation to the CMI Colloquium in Buenos Aires. I am very glad to be here.

More information

AIR SEA WORLDWIDE LOGISTICS LTD. STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS Effective 25/1/2010

AIR SEA WORLDWIDE LOGISTICS LTD. STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS Effective 25/1/2010 AIR SEA WORLDWIDE LOGISTICS LTD. STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS Effective 25/1/2010 1. In these Conditions, the following words have the following meanings: "Company" means AIR SEA WORLDWIDE LOGISTICS LTD.

More information

DEFINITIONS CONDITIONS

DEFINITIONS CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS DEFINITIONS... 2 CONDITIONS... 2 1. APPLICABILITY... 2 2. CARRIER_S TARIFF... 2 3. WARRANTY... 2 4. NEGOTIATIBILITY AND TITLE TO THE GOODS... 2 5. ISSUANCE OF THIS BILL OF LADING... 2

More information

BROKER CONTRACT CARRIER AGREEMENT

BROKER CONTRACT CARRIER AGREEMENT BROKER CONTRACT CARRIER AGREEMENT This agreement dated, between Load One, LLC of 13221 Inkster Road, Taylor MI 48180, hereinafter referred to as Broker, and, hereinafter referred to as Carrier. In consideration

More information

Freedom of Contract and Carriage of Goods

Freedom of Contract and Carriage of Goods Freedom of Contract and Carriage of Goods Report from the London Seminar 20 to 21 February 2004 I Introduction The issue of freedom of contract in the law of carriage of goods by sea was discussed at the

More information

Transnational R&I cooperation

Transnational R&I cooperation EUROPEAN UNION STRATEGY FOR THE DANUBE REGION REPUBLIC OF SERBIA Development of the Knowledge Society through Research, Education and Information Technologies Transnational R&I cooperation Miroslav Vesković,

More information

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea The States Parties to this Convention, Reaffirming their belief that international trade on the basis

More information

China International Freight Forwarders Association. Terms & Conditions

China International Freight Forwarders Association. Terms & Conditions China International Freight Forwarders Association Terms & Conditions 1. Definition In these Conditions, the following words and expressions have the following meanings unless and except as otherwise specifically

More information

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF LOGISTIC SERVICES

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF LOGISTIC SERVICES GENERAL CONDITIONS OF LOGISTIC SERVICES These General Conditions of logistic services constitute a binding part of the service contract concluded between the customer and the company, committing the parties

More information

Hamburg Rules UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978

Hamburg Rules UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978 Hamburg Rules UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978 Preamble THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION, HAVING RECOGNIZED the desirability of determining by agreement certain rules

More information

Cargo Link Combined Transport Bill of Lading Standard Conditions

Cargo Link Combined Transport Bill of Lading Standard Conditions Cargo Link Combined Transport Bill of Lading Standard Conditions 1. Definitions Bill of Lading Carrier Carriage Crew Hague Rules Hague-Visby-Rules means this Combined Transport Document. means the party

More information

General Terms and Conditions of Business for Handling Services Provided by the Frankfurt Animal Lounge of Lufthansa Cargo AG/Frankfurt am Main

General Terms and Conditions of Business for Handling Services Provided by the Frankfurt Animal Lounge of Lufthansa Cargo AG/Frankfurt am Main General Terms and Conditions of Business for Handling Services Provided by the Frankfurt Animal Lounge of Lufthansa Cargo AG/Frankfurt am Main Rev. 01.09.2013 I. General Provisions 1. Scope 1.1. The following

More information

THE BASICS OF CARGO INSURANCE

THE BASICS OF CARGO INSURANCE THE BASICS OF CARGO INSURANCE The current policy is designed for the frequent shipper. It automatically covers approved merchandise that assureds are obliged to insure under terms of sale. This eliminates

More information

Inland domestic transports have, in different jurisdiction, rules partially different from those provided in the CMR Convention.

Inland domestic transports have, in different jurisdiction, rules partially different from those provided in the CMR Convention. QUESTIONNAIRE 1. Inland road transport Inland domestic transports have, in different jurisdiction, rules partially different from those provided in the CMR Convention. 1.1. Which rules govern domestic,

More information

PIANC. PIANC RIS Guidelines 2011 Edition 3. RIS workshop CCNR. PIANC RIS working group Cas Willems

PIANC. PIANC RIS Guidelines 2011 Edition 3. RIS workshop CCNR. PIANC RIS working group Cas Willems RIS Guidelines Edition 3 RIS workshop CCNR RIS working group Cas Willems Content Historical context RIS Working group RIS status 2010; technical report on the implementation Status RIS related definitions

More information

UNITED NATIONS. United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea

UNITED NATIONS. United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea UNITED NATIONS United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW United Nations Convention on

More information

CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE BY AIR, SIGNED AT WARSAW ON 12 OCTOBER 1929 ( WARSAW CONVENTION)

CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE BY AIR, SIGNED AT WARSAW ON 12 OCTOBER 1929 ( WARSAW CONVENTION) CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE BY AIR, SIGNED AT WARSAW ON 12 OCTOBER 1929 ( WARSAW CONVENTION) CHAPTER I SCOPE - DEFINITIONS Article 1 1. This Convention

More information

International Conditions of Loading and Transportation (ICLT) 2010 Version

International Conditions of Loading and Transportation (ICLT) 2010 Version International Conditions of Loading and Transportation (ICLT) 2010 Version 1 Definitions 1. Contract of Carriage means any contract, of any kind, whereby a carrier undertakes against payment of freight

More information

Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions RECITALS LANTER Logistics LLC is a freight broker licensed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) MC #955797, and as a licensed broker, LANTER, arranges for transportation

More information

SVTH - FEDERATION OF TRADE & SERVICES. General Service Terms

SVTH - FEDERATION OF TRADE & SERVICES. General Service Terms SVTH - FEDERATION OF TRADE & SERVICES General Service Terms (Translation of the General Service Terms of SVTH Federation of Trade & Services. In case of inconsistency the original Icelandic text shall

More information

1. Definitions: 2. Carrier s Tariff

1. Definitions: 2. Carrier s Tariff 1. Definitions: Carrier shall mean the party on whose behalf this Bill of Lading has been signed. Merchant includes the Shipper, the Receiver, the Consignor, the Consignee, the Holder of this Bill of Lading,

More information

China International Freight Forwarders Association Trading Condition

China International Freight Forwarders Association Trading Condition China International Freight Forwarders Association Trading Condition 1. Definition In these Conditions, the following words and expressions have the following meanings unless and except as otherwise specifically

More information

THE CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF GOODS WHOLLY OR PARTLY BY SEA (THE ROTTERDAM RULES )

THE CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF GOODS WHOLLY OR PARTLY BY SEA (THE ROTTERDAM RULES ) THE CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF GOODS WHOLLY OR PARTLY BY SEA (THE ROTTERDAM RULES ) A POSITION PAPER BY THE INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF SHIPPING Introduction The exhaustive

More information

GENERAL TRADING CONDITIONS Agility Spain S.A. (Sociedad Unipersonal)

GENERAL TRADING CONDITIONS Agility Spain S.A. (Sociedad Unipersonal) GENERAL TRADING CONDITIONS Agility Spain S.A. (Sociedad Unipersonal) 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS 1.1. Agility Spain S.A., in its capacity as freight forwarder, carriage operator and/or logistics operator, by

More information

CONVENTION 1 REGARDING THE REGIME OF NAVIGATION ON THE DANUBE,

CONVENTION 1 REGARDING THE REGIME OF NAVIGATION ON THE DANUBE, non-official version CONVENTION 1 REGARDING THE REGIME OF NAVIGATION ON THE DANUBE, SIGNED AT BELGRADE, ON 18 AUGUST 1948 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the People s Republic of Bulgaria, the

More information

General Cost Insurance Freight Terms Contract (C.I.F.)

General Cost Insurance Freight Terms Contract (C.I.F.) General Cost Insurance Freight Terms Contract (C.I.F.) General cost insurance freight terms contract (C.I.F.) Date Sellers have this day entered into a contract on the following terms and conditions. 1.

More information

I. NOTICE APPEARING ON THE FACE OF THE AIR WAYBILL II. CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT ON REVERSE SIDE OF THE AIR WAYBILL

I. NOTICE APPEARING ON THE FACE OF THE AIR WAYBILL II. CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT ON REVERSE SIDE OF THE AIR WAYBILL Page 2 of 6 RESOLUTION 600b AIR WAYBILL CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT CSC(MAIL S067) 600b Expiry: Indefinite Type: B RESOLVED that: The following Conditions of Contract and Notices be included on an Air Waybill

More information

YAW NYAMPONG WORKSHOP ON AIR TRANSPORT, AIR AND SPACE LAW AND REGULATION ABU DHABI, UAE, APRIL 12-14, 2009

YAW NYAMPONG WORKSHOP ON AIR TRANSPORT, AIR AND SPACE LAW AND REGULATION ABU DHABI, UAE, APRIL 12-14, 2009 BY YAW NYAMPONG WORKSHOP ON AIR TRANSPORT, AIR AND SPACE LAW AND REGULATION ABU DHABI, UAE, APRIL 12-14, 2009 I. DOCUMENTATION Warsaw Art. 8: Sets out 17 distinct categories of information which an Air

More information

2.7. The term mandatory shall mean any legislative regulation that cannot be modified at the will of any party.

2.7. The term mandatory shall mean any legislative regulation that cannot be modified at the will of any party. UTIKAD RULES FOR FREIGHT FORWARDING SERVICES PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION 1.1. These rules shall be binding upon any reference, whether verbal or in writing, to UTIKAD Rules for

More information

"ULUSOY" Conditions of Carriage of Goods by Sea (Bills of Lading)

ULUSOY Conditions of Carriage of Goods by Sea (Bills of Lading) "ULUSOY" Conditions of Carriage of Goods by Sea (Bills of Lading) 1. Definitions Carrier means the party named on the front of this document as being the carrier for this consignment. Merchant and Shipper

More information

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR OCEAN FREIGHT

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR OCEAN FREIGHT GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR OCEAN FREIGHT The below terms and condition are in line with DACHSER Ocean Container Line Bill of Lading Terms and Conditions. In accepting this B/L, the Merchant agrees

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council UNITED NATIONS E Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL TRANS/WP.1/2004/1 30 January 2004 Original: English ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE INLAND TRANSPORT COMMITTEE Working Party on Road Traffic Safety

More information

CONDITIONS of CARRIAGE

CONDITIONS of CARRIAGE CONDITIONS of CARRIAGE LAW AND JURISDICTION CLAUSE The contract evidenced by or contained in this Bill of Lading is governed by the laws of Switzerland, without regard to the conflict of law provisions

More information

Air Link Trading Conditions for the Supply of Air Charter Services

Air Link Trading Conditions for the Supply of Air Charter Services Air Link Trading Conditions for the Supply of Air Charter Services The trading conditions set out herein apply to the supply of air charter services for passengers and / or goods. In the supply of the

More information

THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT

THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT Page 1 of 16 THE MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS ACT, 1993 33004/93 REGISTERED No. DL- AMENDED ACT The Gazette of India EXTRAORDINARY PART II - Section 1 PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY NEW DELHI, FRIDAY, APRIL

More information

SUMMARY OF THE ROTTERDAM RULES 1. Prepared by Rick A. Steinberg, Esq. 2. Purpose of the Rules

SUMMARY OF THE ROTTERDAM RULES 1. Prepared by Rick A. Steinberg, Esq. 2. Purpose of the Rules Case 68 SUMMARY OF THE ROTTERDAM RULES 1 Prepared by Rick A. Steinberg, Esq. 2 Purpose of the Rules On December 11, 2008, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on Contracts for the

More information

Commands for Europe Countries

Commands for Europe Countries Commands for Europe Countries Four levels of commands Level 1 Pin the countries Level 2 Use directional skills with the Europe countries control map Level 3 Use the Countries control map, the Europe Land

More information

COHESION Freight Worldwide COMPANY S STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS

COHESION Freight Worldwide COMPANY S STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS COHESION Freight Worldwide COMPANY S STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS PART I : GENERAL CONDITIONS Application 1. (A) Subject to sub-clause (B) below, all services of the Company whether gratuitous or not are

More information

Carriage of Goods By Sea & Liability Limitations In Asia Pacific Region. By Francis Lansakara. Master Mariner. LLM (maritime law)

Carriage of Goods By Sea & Liability Limitations In Asia Pacific Region. By Francis Lansakara. Master Mariner. LLM (maritime law) Carriage of Goods By Sea & Liability Limitations In Asia Pacific Region. Towards a Balanced Approach.. By Francis Lansakara. Master Mariner. LLM (maritime law) 1.0 Introduction International conventions

More information

1. General Provisions/Definitions 1.1 Carrier means the Company stated on the front of this Bill of Lading (hereafter called B/L ) as being the carrier and by which or for which this B/L is signed. 1.2

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES OF LAW RELATING TO BILLS OF LADING ("HAGUE RULES"), AND PROTOCOL OF SIGNATURE

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES OF LAW RELATING TO BILLS OF LADING (HAGUE RULES), AND PROTOCOL OF SIGNATURE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES OF LAW RELATING TO BILLS OF LADING ("HAGUE RULES"), AND PROTOCOL OF SIGNATURE (Brussels, 25 August 1924) The President of the German Republic,

More information

POLISH GENERAL FORWARDING RULES 2002

POLISH GENERAL FORWARDING RULES 2002 POLISH GENERAL FORWARDING RULES 2002 General Provisions 1 1. The Polish General Forwarding Rules apply to the relationship between the Freight Forwarder and his Customer. 2 1. A Freight Forwarder is a

More information

Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea

Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea TREATY SERIES 2007 Nº 116 Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea Done at Athens on 13 December 1974 Ireland s instrument of accession deposited with the International

More information

pwc.com The economic impact of ATC strikes in Europe Key findings from our report for A4E

pwc.com The economic impact of ATC strikes in Europe Key findings from our report for A4E pwc.com The economic impact of ATC strikes in Europe Key findings from our report for A4E Four facts you need to know 1 Fact #1: In 2014, more than 879 million air passengers were transported across the

More information

FIATA Standards. FIATA Standards. Capt. Lin Zhong Chairman CAREC Federation Of Carrier & Forwarder Associations (CFCFA)

FIATA Standards. FIATA Standards. Capt. Lin Zhong Chairman CAREC Federation Of Carrier & Forwarder Associations (CFCFA) FIATA Standards FIATA Standards Capt. Lin Zhong Chairman CAREC Federation Of Carrier & Forwarder Associations (CFCFA) 19-23 August, 2013, Tashkent, Uzbekistan 1 Contents 1. FIATA Standards FIATA Documents

More information

Europe. JigsawGeo. Free Printable Maps for Geography Education. Try our geography games for the ipod Touch or iphone.

Europe. JigsawGeo. Free Printable Maps for Geography Education. Try our geography games for the ipod Touch or iphone. Free Printable Maps for Geography Education Map with region names shown Map without names, for coloring or quizzes Map with coordinate system, for location practice Answer key for coordinate system quiz

More information

European Agreement. Volume I. applicable as from 1 January Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road

European Agreement. Volume I. applicable as from 1 January Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road ECE/TRANS/185 (Vol. I) Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Inland Transport applicable as from 1 January 2007 European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road

More information

The Multimodal Transport Act, B.E (2005) Translation

The Multimodal Transport Act, B.E (2005) Translation The Multimodal Transport Act, B.E. 2548 (2005) Translation BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ, REX. Given on the 11 th Day of July B.E. 2548; Being the 60 th Year of the Present Reign. His Majesty King Bhumibhol Adulyadej

More information

These Conditions may be used by current BIFA members ONLY BIFA 2009

These Conditions may be used by current BIFA members ONLY BIFA 2009 BRITISH INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT ASSOCIATION (BIFA) STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS 2005A EDITION, THE CUSTOMER S ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO SPECIFIC CLAUSES HEREOF WHICH EXCLUDE OR LIMIT THE COMPANY S LIABILITY AND

More information

Transporters Logistics Ltd. Terms and Conditions of Carriage

Transporters Logistics Ltd. Terms and Conditions of Carriage Transporters Logistics Ltd. Terms and Conditions of Carriage 1. DEFINITIONS Except where expressly provided otherwise and / or where the context necessarily requires otherwise, the following definitions

More information

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT FORWARDERS ASSOCIATION OF CROATIA (2005) I. APPLICABILITY. Article 1

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT FORWARDERS ASSOCIATION OF CROATIA (2005) I. APPLICABILITY. Article 1 GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT FORWARDERS ASSOCIATION OF CROATIA (2005) I. APPLICABILITY Article 1 These General Conditions of International Freight Forwarders (hereinafter referred to

More information

EU Succession Regulation ( Brussels IV ) What you need to know

EU Succession Regulation ( Brussels IV ) What you need to know EU Succession Regulation ( Brussels IV ) What you need to know Why do I need to know about the Regulation? If you have a connection with any of the EU member states listed at the end of this note, or expect

More information

Bottleneck rail transport from and to the Czech Republic barge transport as an essential and useful complement

Bottleneck rail transport from and to the Czech Republic barge transport as an essential and useful complement Bottleneck rail transport from and to the Czech Republic barge transport as an essential and useful complement Rolf Lack, 2 nd president of the Vereins zur Förderung des Elbstromgebietes e.v. Prague, 27

More information

Madrid Protocol: What Is It and How Does It Work?

Madrid Protocol: What Is It and How Does It Work? Madrid Protocol: What Is It and How Does It Work? The Madrid Protocol is a system for obtaining international trademark registrations. Under the Protocol, owners of a trademark registration or pending

More information

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR SERVICES OF VERSION 1.0

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR SERVICES OF VERSION 1.0 GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR SERVICES OF SWITCH, WERDSTRASSE 2, 8021 ZURICH VERSION 1.0 These General Terms and Conditions replace the previous General User Regulations for the Services of SWITCH of

More information