Challenges to Ensure Safety of Electronic Equipment

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1 Challenges to Ensure Safety of Electronic Equipment (Malaysia s Perspective) Ir Abdul Rahim Ibrahim Director of Electrical Safety Regulation Energy Commission, Malaysia

2 Content Electrical vs Electronic Equipment Consumer Electronic Equipment Malaysian Electricity Regulation Regulated Electrical Appliances Regulatory Requirements Related to National Differences Process Flow for The Importation of Electrical & Electronic Equipment Challenges to Ensure Safety of Electronic Equipment

3 Electrical vs Electronic Equipment No. Electrical Equipment Electronic equipment 1. Operated by electricity 2. Transform electrical energy into other form of energy like light, heat, or motion. 3. Flow of larger current in circuit (ma Amps) Do much more is designed to manipulate the electrical current to gently or gradually doing useful things such as digital display, LEDs, LCD, produced sound, movies, signal, communications, etc. Flow of smaller current in circuit (µa ma)

4 Electrical vs Electronic Equipment No. Electrical Equipment Electronic equipment 4. Controlled by resistors, capasitors and inductors 5. Eg. of the equipment:- Kitchen machine, toaster/oven, rice cooker, refrigerator, water heater, fan, washing machine etc. Now often include with some electronic components in them, to make equipment work smarter. Controlled by transistors, valves, diodes and similar components Eg. of the equipment:- Hi-Fi set, TV set, video and visual display unit, audio player unit, etc or namely Consumer Electronic Equipment

5 Electrical Equipment often being integrated with some electronic devices in them, to make it work smarter. What used to be a simple ceiling fan with its regulator directly connected, now often include with some electronic devices to make it able to be control remotely.

6 Air-conditioner with electronic inverter improved its energy consumption.

7 Electronic Equipment Consumer Electronic Equipment are mainly radio receivers, MP3 players, video recorders, DVD players, Hi-Fi set, TV set, video and visual display unit, audio player unit and also office equipment such as personal computers, printers, scanners, etc. Other equipment include electronic ballasted fluorescent lamp, LED lighting, self-ballasted CFL.

8 Consumer Electronic Equipment

9 Ensuring Safety of Electronic Equipment (Malaysia s Perspective)

10 Under the Malaysian Electricity Regulation 1994 A Certificate of approval (COA) is required for the importation or manufacturing of electrical appliances or equipment. The type of appliances or equipments refer to are as follows: any domestic equipment; any equipment which is usually sold direct to the general public; or any equipment which does not require special skills in its operation, Approved electrical appliances or equipment are required to be affixed with safety labels before being sold to public.

11 List of 34 Categories of Electrical Appliances Requiring COA & Labeling Equipment 1. Plug Top (Plug) 2. Switches & Dimmers 3. S/O 15A & below 4. Lampholders 5. Ceiling Roses 6. Bayonet Caps & Multiway Adaptor 7. Lamp fitting exl tubes if imported 8. Capacitors for flourescent lamp 9. Ballasts for flourescent lamp 10. Circuit breaker:- elcb & mcb 11. Instant Waterheater incl heater elements if imported separately Standard : MS 589-1: 2011 : IEC : 2007 : MS 589, MS IEC 60320, IEC : MS IEC : MS 770 : MS 769 : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC 61008, MS IEC : MS 472, IEC 60335

12 List of 34 Categories of Electrical Appliances Requiring COA & Labeling Equipment 12. Hand Operated Hairdryer 13. Portable Luminaire Lamp 14. Electric kettle including heating element if imported separately 15. Electric Smoothing Irons 16. Electric shavers excluding battery operated 17. Kitchen Machine -Food mixer/blenders 18. Immersion W/heater 19. Fan 20. Mosquito mat vaporisers 21. Toasters / Oven Standard : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC MS IEC ,13,15,36,101 : MS IEC , MS IEC : MS IEC , MS IEC : MS IEC , MS IEC : MS IEC , MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC , MS IEC ,6,9

13 List of 34 Categories of Electrical Appliances Requiring COA & Labeling Equipment 22. Hi-Fi set (Electronics) 23. Television (Electronics) 24. Vacuum Cleaner 25. Video Player (Electronics) 26. Washing Machine 27. Refrigerator 28. Rice Cooker 29. Christmas Light & Running Light 30. Domestic Power Tool 31. Massager 32. Air-Conditioner 33. Adapter / Charger 34. Wires/Cables/Cords Standard : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC , : MS IEC : MS IEC ,7, : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC : MS IEC ,3,4,5,7,11,14,15, : MS IEC : MS IEC 60335, 140 MS IEC 60950, MS IEC MS IEC 60227

14 Electronics Equipment Requiring COA & Labeling Malaysia 26 HI-FIDELITY SET Sub-woofer, Amplifier, Cassette Player, Equalizer / Mixer, Hi-Fi System, Karaoke, PA System, Portable Hi-Fi System, Portable Radio Cassette, Player / Recorder, Radio, Radio Alarm, Tuner / Receiver, Turn tables / Record Players, Compact Disc Player, Audio/Video Recorder up to 4 channels. MS IEC 60065: 2007 IEC 60065:

15 Electronics Equipment Requiring COA & Labeling 27 VIDEO and VISUAL DISPLAY UNIT 28 AUDIO and VIDEO PLAYER UNIT Electronic appliances such as: LCD, LED, Plasma, CRT, and similar to it. VCD, Laser Disc, Video Cassette Recorder, DVD, Video Rewinder, Children Video Game. MS IEC 60065:2007 IEC 60065:2011 MS IEC 60065: 2007 IEC 60065:

16 Under the IEC 60065; Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus - Safety requirements TEST PERFORMED INCLUDE: Durability of Markings Test Input Test Temperature Test Determination of Hazardous Live Parts Test Dielectric Withstand Insulation Resistance Fault conditions Tests Bump Test Vibration Test Impact Tests Creepage and Clearance Test Earth Resistance Test Stability Tests

17 REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO NATIONAL DIFFERENCES shall be subjected to tests under tropical conditions as specified in the related standards No Items Requirements 1 Nominal Voltages Low voltage supply 230/400V (+10%, -6%) - MS IEC Nominal Frequency 50Hz is allowed to fluctuate at ± 1% 3 Power supply cord and main plug req. MS 140 or MS or BS 6500 or IEC & IEC (PVC insulated flexible cords) ; MS 140 or BS 6500 or IEC & IEC (Rubber insulated - flexible cables/cords) 4 Class I and Class II Equipment Fig.1 for Class I and Fig.2 for Class II as symbol. Fig.1 Fig.2 5 Safety labels requirements SIRIM-ST Label for Imported Equipment/PCS

18 Process flow for the importation of electrical & electronic equipment Applicant apply for COA Name of Equipment Brand and Model Type test report Authority issued COA to applicant Import the EE equipment Send the equipment to CBTL for consignment test and verification Tested and verified, safety labels will be issued Applicant to affixed labels on the equipment Equipment can be placed in the market IEC 60065, National deviation (voltage, freguency & plug top configuration) Comply with IEC and national deviation

19 Consumer Electronic Equipment EE equipment are required to be affixed with safety labels

20 Market Surveillance

21 Challenges

22 Challenges Different countries may required different set of supply parameter or national deviation (voltage, frequency and plug top configuration). Item Category Detail of Equipment 1 PLUG TOP/PLUG (15A and below) Flat Non- Rewirable Standards Domestic Relevant International MS 1578:2003 BS EN 50075:1991 Two Pole Plug with supply cord (max. 2.5A) 13 A Fused Plug MS 589-1:2011 BS 1363:PT.1: A Plug MS 1577:2003 No corresponding international standard

23 Challenges Sub-standard, counterfeit, unapproved electronic equipment or equipment with fake safety labels in the market may caused internal components overheated or harmful to users. Approved label Fake label

24

25 Challenges Electrical & Electronics Equipment developed so fast. Standards for electronic products may be reviewed frequently. Manufacturers of such products may from time to time required some changes their production process. TV sets in the old days TV sets ini 1990s TV set in 2000s

26 Desktop and laptop progress much faster Desktop & laptop in 1990s Desktop & laptop in 2000s Desktop & laptop in 2010s

27 Challenges Household electrical products which are normally connected to power socket outlet have become hybrid products which can be remotely controlled or operated by itself. Such products may fall under electrical products, electronics products or communication products. Vacuum cleaner + electronic devices = remote control machine

28 In Conclusion: Other Challenges of EE equipment Fast progress technology a new model today will be override by a newer model in within months. Counterfeit products normally lower in quality and production cost, hence safety and performance are being compromised. Secondhand EE products from a country are being disposed to other countries at a much lower price. The receiving countries will become a dumping ground of the exported countries. It is hard to prevent user from purchasing unapproved products because of its lower price.

29 Thank you for attention Safety begin from us.

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