1 Page 1 of 8 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) High blood pressure is a risk factor that can increase your chance of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions. As a rule, the higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk. Treatment includes a change in lifestyle risk factors where these can be improved - losing weight if you are overweight, regular physical activity, a healthy diet, cutting back if you drink a lot of alcohol, stopping smoking, and a low salt and caffeine intake. If needed, medication can lower blood pressure. What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries. Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg). Your blood pressure is recorded as two figures. For example, 150/95 mm Hg. This is said as 150 over 95. The top (first) number is the systolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts. The bottom (second) number is the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between each heartbeat. Some phrases and definitions Clinic/GP surgery blood pressure readings: these are readings taken by a doctor or nurse in a clinic or GP surgery using a standard blood pressure machine. Home blood pressure readings: these are readings taken by a person whilst seated and at rest at home using a standard blood pressure machine. Ambulatory blood pressure readings: these are readings taken at regular intervals whilst you go about your normal activities. A small machine that is attached to your arm takes and records the readings. As a rule, an average of the ambulatory blood pressure readings give the most true account of your usual blood pressure. Home blood pressure readings are a good substitute if an ambulatory machine is not available. Ambulatory and home readings are often a bit lower than clinic or GP surgery readings. Sometimes they are a lot lower. This is because people are often much more relaxed and less stressed at home than in a formal clinic or surgery situation. What is high blood pressure? High blood pressure is a blood pressure that is 140/90 mm Hg or above each time it is taken at the GP surgery (or home or ambulatory readings always more than 135/85 mm Hg). That is, it is sustained at this level. High blood pressure can be: Just a high systolic pressure - for example, 170/70 mm Hg. Just a high diastolic pressure - for example, 120/104 mm Hg. Or both - for example, 170/110 mm Hg. However, it is not quite as simple as this. Depending on various factors, the level at which blood pressure is considered high enough to be treated with medication can vary from person to person. Blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg or above (or home/ambulatory readings 135/85 mm Hg or above) If your blood pressure is always in this range you will normally be offered treatment to bring
2 Page 2 of 8 the pressure down, particularly if you have: A high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (see below); or An existing cardiovascular disease (see below); or Diabetes; or Damage to the heart or kidney (organ damage) due to high blood pressure. Blood pressure between 130/80 mm Hg and 140/90 mm Hg For most people this level is fine. However, current UK guidelines suggest that this level is too high for certain groups of people. Treatment to lower your blood pressure if it is 130/80 mm Hg or higher may be considered if you: Have developed a complication of diabetes, especially kidney problems. Have had a serious cardiovascular event such as a heart attack, transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or stroke. Have certain chronic (ongoing) kidney diseases. How is high blood pressure diagnosed? A one-off blood pressure reading that is high does not mean that you have 'high blood pressure'. Your blood pressure varies throughout the day. It may be high for a short time if you are anxious, stressed, or have just been exercising. You have high blood pressure (hypertension) if you have several blood pressure readings that are high, and which are taken on different occasions, and when you are relaxed. Observation period If one reading is found to be high, it is usual for your doctor or nurse to advise a time of observation. This means several blood pressure checks at intervals over time. The length of the observation period varies depending on the initial reading, and if you have other health risk factors. For example, say a first reading was mildly high at 150/94 mm Hg. If you are otherwise well, then a period of several weeks of observation may be advised. This may involve several blood pressure measurements over the next few weeks. You may be given a machine to monitor blood pressure while you are going about doing your everyday activities (ambulatory monitoring) or given (or asked to buy) a machine to measure your blood pressure at home (home monitoring). One reason this may be advised is because some people become anxious in medical clinics, which can cause the blood pressure to rise. (This is often called white coat hypertension.) Home or ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure may show that the blood pressure is normal when you are relaxed. The observation period is also a good time to change any lifestyle factors that can reduce blood pressure (see below). If the blood pressure readings remain high after an observation period then medication may be advised, depending on your risk factors (see below). However, if you have diabetes, or have recently had a heart attack or stroke, you may be advised to have blood pressure checks fairly often over the next week or so. Also, treatment with medication is usually considered at an earlier stage if the readings remain high. What causes high blood pressure? The cause is not known in most cases This is called essential hypertension. The pressure in the arteries depends on how hard the heart pumps, and how much resistance there is in the arteries. It is thought that slight narrowing of the arteries increases the resistance to blood flow, which increases the blood pressure. The cause of the slight narrowing of the arteries is not clear. Various factors probably contribute.
3 Page 3 of 8 In some cases, high blood pressure is caused by other conditions It is then called secondary hypertension. For example, certain kidney or hormone problems can cause high blood pressure. How common is high blood pressure? In the UK, about half of people aged over 65, and about 1 in 4 middle-aged adults, have high blood pressure. It is less common in younger adults. Most cases are mildly high (up to 160/100 mm Hg). However, at least 1 in 20 adults have blood pressure of 160/100 mm Hg or above. High blood pressure is more common in people: With diabetes. About 3 in 10 people with type 1 diabetes and more than half of people with type 2 diabetes eventually develop high blood pressure. From African-Caribbean origin. From the Indian subcontinent. With a family history of high blood pressure. With certain lifestyle factors. That is, those who: are overweight, eat a lot of salt, don't eat sufficient fruit and vegetables, don't take enough exercise, drink a lot of coffee (or other caffeine-rich drinks), or drink a lot of alcohol. Who should have a blood pressure check? High blood pressure usually causes no symptoms. You will not know if you have high blood pressure unless you have your blood pressure checked. Therefore, everyone should have regular blood pressure checks at least every five years. The check should be more often (at least once a year) in: older people, people who have had a previous high reading, people with diabetes, and people who have had a previous reading between 130/85 mm Hg and 139/89 mm Hg (that is, not much below the cut-off point for high blood pressure). Why is high blood pressure a problem if it causes no symptoms? High blood pressure is a risk factor for developing a cardiovascular disease (such as a heart attack or stroke), and kidney damage, sometime in the future. If you have high blood pressure, over the years it may do some damage to your arteries and put a strain on your heart. In general, the higher your blood pressure, the greater the health risk. But, high blood pressure is just one of several possible risk factors for developing a cardiovascular disease. What are cardiovascular diseases? Cardiovascular diseases are diseases of the heart (cardiac muscle) or blood vessels (vasculature). However, in practice, when doctors use the term cardiovascular disease they usually mean diseases of the heart or blood vessels that are caused by atheroma. Patches of atheroma are like small fatty lumps that develop within the inside lining of arteries (blood vessels). Atheroma is also known as atherosclerosis and hardening of the arteries. Cardiovascular diseases that can be caused by atheroma include: angina, heart attack, stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA), and peripheral vascular disease. In the UK, cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of poor health and the biggest cause of death. Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases Everybody has some risk of developing atheroma which may cause one or more cardiovascular diseases. However, certain risk factors increase the risk. These include: Lifestyle risk factors that can be prevented or changed: Smoking. Lack of physical activity (a sedentary lifestyle). Obesity.
4 Page 4 of 8 An unhealthy diet. Excess alcohol. Treatable or partly treatable risk factors: Hypertension (high blood pressure). High cholesterol blood level. High triglyceride (fat) blood level. Diabetes. Kidney diseases that affect kidney function. Fixed risk factors - ones that you cannot alter: A strong family history. This means if you have a father or brother who developed heart disease or a stroke before they were aged 55, or in a mother or sister before they were aged 65. Being male. An early menopause in women. Age. The older you become, the more likely you are to develop atheroma. Ethnic group. For example, people who live in the UK with ancestry from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, or Sri Lanka have an increased risk. However, if you have a fixed risk factor, you may want to make extra effort to tackle any lifestyle risk factors that can be changed. Note: some risk factors are more risky than others. For example, smoking and high blood pressure probably cause a greater risk to health than obesity. Also, risk factors interact. So, if you have two or more risk factors, your health risk is much more increased than if you just have one. For example, a middle-aged male smoker who takes no exercise and has high blood pressure has a high risk of developing a cardiovascular disease such as a heart attack before the age of 60. Therefore, the benefit of lowering a high blood pressure is to reduce the risk of developing a cardiovascular disease in the future. For example, it is estimated that reducing a high diastolic blood pressure by 6 mm Hg reduces your relative risk of having a stroke in the future by about 35-40%, and reduces your relative risk of developing heart disease by about 20-25%. Larger reductions in blood pressure provide greater benefits. Assessing (calculating) your cardiovascular health risk A risk factor calculator is often used by doctors and nurses to predict the health risk for an individual. A score is calculated which takes into account all your risk factors, such as age, sex, smoking status, blood pressure, blood cholesterol level, etc. If you want to know your score, see your practice nurse or GP. Current UK guidelines advise that if your score gives you a 2 in 10 risk or more of developing a cardiovascular disease within the next 10 years, then treatment is advised. Treatments may include: A medicine to lower blood pressure if it is 140/90 mm Hg or higher. A medicine to lower your cholesterol level. A daily low dose of aspirin if you also have angina. This reduces the risk of blood clots forming in the blood vessels over patches of atheroma (which cause strokes and heart attacks). Where relevant, to encourage you to tackle lifestyle risk factors such as smoking, lack of physical activity, diet, and weight.
5 Page 5 of 8 Do I need any further tests? If you are diagnosed as having high blood pressure then you are likely to be examined by your doctor and have some routine tests which include: A urine test to check if you have protein or blood in your urine. A blood test to check that your kidneys are working fine, and to check your cholesterol level and sugar (glucose) level. A heart tracing, called an electrocardiogram (ECG). The purpose of the examination and tests is to: Rule out (or diagnose) a secondary cause of high blood pressure, such as kidney disease. To check to see if the high blood pressure has affected the heart. To check for other risk factors such as a high cholesterol level or diabetes. How can blood pressure be lowered? There are two ways in which blood pressure can be lowered: Modifications to lifestyle (weight, exercise, diet, salt, caffeine and alcohol), if any of these can be improved upon (details below). Medication (details below). Lifestyle treatments to lower high blood pressure Lose weight if you are overweight Losing some excess weight can make a big difference. Blood pressure can fall by up to 2.5/1.5 mm Hg for each excess kilogram which is lost. Losing excess weight has other health benefits too. Regular physical activity If possible, aim to do some physical activity on five or more days of the week, for at least 30 minutes. For example, brisk walking, swimming, cycling, dancing, etc. Regular physical activity can lower blood pressure in addition to giving other health benefits. If you previously did little physical activity, and change to doing regular physical activity five times a week, it can reduce systolic blood pressure by 2-10 mm Hg. Eat a healthy diet Briefly, this means: AT LEAST five portions, and ideally 7-9 portions, of a variety of fruit and vegetables per day. THE BULK OF MOST MEALS should be starch-based foods (such as cereals, wholegrain bread, potatoes, rice, pasta), plus fruit and vegetables. NOT MUCH fatty food such as fatty meats, cheeses, full-cream milk, fried food, butter, etc. Use low-fat, mono-unsaturated or polyunsaturated spreads. INCLUDE 2-3 portions of fish per week. At least one of which should be 'oily' such as herring, mackerel, sardines, kippers, pilchards, salmon, or fresh (not tinned) tuna. If you eat meat it is best to EAT LEAN MEAT, or eat poultry such as chicken. If you do fry, choose a VEGETABLE OIL such as sunflower, rapeseed or olive. LIMIT SALT in your diet (see below). A healthy diet provides benefits in different ways. For example, it can lower cholesterol, help control your weight, and has plenty of vitamins, fibre, and other nutrients which help to prevent certain diseases. Some aspects of a healthy diet also directly affect blood pressure. For example, if you have a poor diet and change to a diet which is low-fat, low-salt, and high in fruit and vegetables, it can lower systolic blood pressure by up to 11 mm Hg.
6 Page 6 of 8 Have a low salt intake The amount of salt that we eat can have an effect on our blood pressure. Government guidelines recommend that we should have no more than 5-6 grams of salt per day. (Most people currently have more than this.) Tips on how to reduce salt include: Use herbs and spices rather than salt to flavour food. Limit the amount of salt used in cooking, and do not add salt to food at the table. Choose foods labelled 'no added salt', and avoid processed foods as much as possible. Restrict your number of caffeine drinks Caffeine is thought to have a modest effect on blood pressure. It is advised that you restrict your coffee consumption (and other caffeine-rich drinks) to fewer than five cups per day. Drink alcohol in moderation A small amount of alcohol (1-2 units per day) may help to protect you from heart disease. One unit is in about half a pint of normal-strength beer, or two thirds of a small glass of wine, or one small pub measure of spirits. However, too much alcohol can be harmful. Men should drink no more than 21 units of alcohol per week (and no more than four units in any one day). Women should drink no more than 14 units of alcohol per week (and no more than three units in any one day). Cutting back on heavy drinking improves health in various ways. It can also have a direct effect on blood pressure. For example, if you are drinking heavily, cutting back to the recommended limits can lower a high systolic blood pressure by up to 10 mm Hg. Lifestyle - in summary It is estimated that dietary and exercise interventions discussed above can reduce blood pressure by at least 10 mm Hg in about 1 in 4 people with high blood pressure. Treatment with medication When is medication treatment started for high blood pressure? Medication to lower blood pressure is usually advised for: All people who have a blood pressure that remains at 160/100 mm Hg or above after a trial of any relevant lifestyle changes. People with a blood pressure that remains at 140/90 mm Hg or above after a trial of any relevant lifestyle changes AND who have: Diabetes; or An existing cardiovascular disease; or A 2 in 10 risk or more of developing a cardiovascular disease within the next 10 years (as described above). People with a blood pressure of 130/80 mm Hg or more who have certain diseases. For example, people who have certain complications from diabetes, people who have had a recent heart attack, stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) - sometimes called a mini-stroke. Also, some people with certain chronic (ongoing) kidney diseases. What is the target blood pressure to aim for? If you are taking medication to lower high blood pressure: For most people who are otherwise well, the target is to reduce blood pressure to 140/90 mm Hg or below. In some people, the target is to get the blood pressure to an even lower level. This
7 Page 7 of 8 generally applies to people who have diseases where very good blood pressure control is important. This includes: People who have a cardiovascular disease. People with diabetes. People who have a chronic kidney disease. Your GP or practice nurse will advise you what your target blood pressure is. What medicines are used to lower blood pressure? There are several medicines that can lower blood pressure. The one chosen depends on such things as: if you have other medical problems; if you take other medication; possible side-effects of the medicine; your age; your ethnic origin, etc. Some medicines work well in some people, and not so well in others. One or two medicines may be tried before one is found to suit. One medicine reduces high blood pressure to the target level in less than half of cases. It is common to need two or more different medicines to reduce high blood pressure to a target level. In about a third of cases, three medicines or more are needed to get blood pressure to the target level. In some cases, despite treatment, the target level is not reached. However, although to reach a target level is ideal, you will benefit from any reduction in blood pressure. See separate leaflet called 'Medication for High Blood Pressure' for more details. How long is medication needed for? In most cases, medication is needed for life. However, in some people whose blood pressure has been well controlled for three years or more, medication may be able to be stopped. In particular, in people who have made significant changes to lifestyle (such as having lost a lot of weight, or stopped heavy drinking, etc). Your doctor can advise you. If you stop medication, you should have regular blood pressure checks. In some cases the blood pressure remains normal. However, in others it starts to rise again. If this happens, medication can then be started again. Smoking and high blood pressure Smoking does not directly affect the level of your blood pressure. However, smoking greatly adds to your health risk if you already have high blood pressure. If you smoke, you should make every effort to stop. If you smoke and are having difficulty in stopping, then see your practice nurse for help and advice. Further help and information Blood Pressure Association 60 Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0QS Tel: Web: References Hypertension: management of hypertension in adults in primary care, NICE Clinical Guideline (August 2011) Turnbull F, Neal B, Ninomiya T, et al; Effects of different regimens to lower blood pressure on major cardiovascular events in older and younger adults: meta-analysis of randomised trials. BMJ May 17;336(7653): Epub 2008 May 14. [abstract] Staessen JA, Richart T, Verdecchia P; Reducing blood pressure in people of different ages. BMJ May 17;336(7653): Epub 2008 May 14.
8 Page 8 of 8 Nelson MR, Reid CM, Krum H, et al; Predictors of normotension on withdrawal of antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: prospective study in second Australian national blood pressure study cohort. BMJ Oct 12;325(7368):815. [abstract] Aylett M, Creighton P, Jachuck S, et al; Stopping drug treatment of hypertension: experience in 18 British general practices. Br J Gen Pract Dec;49(449): [abstract] Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions. The clinicians responsible for the production of this document are: Original Author: Dr Tim Kenny Last Checked: 27 Sep 2011 Current Version: Dr Huw Thomas Document ID: 4271 Version: 41 Peer Reviewer: Dr Tim Kenny EMIS
Page 1 of 7 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Having high blood pressure is one of several 'risk factors' that can increase your chance of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions.
Page 1 of 5 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) If you have high blood pressure, you have an increased risk of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions. In some cases blood pressure
PRESSURE POINTS SERIES: NO.1 Introducing high blood pressure BLOOD PRESSURE ASSOCIATION Pressure Points series Pressure Points is a series of booklets produced by the Blood Pressure Association, to help
Sacramento Heart & Vascular Medical Associates February 18, 2012 500 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Page 1 916-830-2000 Fax: 916-830-2001 What is essential hypertension? Blood pressure is the force
CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE What is Cholesterol? What s wrong with having high cholesterol? Major risk factor for cardiovascular disease Higher the cholesterol higher the
Page 1 of 5 Angina Angina is caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries. Usual treatments include medication to lower your cholesterol level, and low-dose aspirin to help prevent a heart attack. Also,
How to Prevent Heart Disease Introduction Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. You can reduce your risk of heart disease with healthy habits. This reference summary explains heart disease
Take Control of your Blood Pressure Croí works to improve the quality of life for all through the prevention and control of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Our specialist health team equip
Blood Pressure and Your Health YOUR GUIDE TO: Blood pressure basics The danger of high blood pressure Steps to avoid or lower high blood pressure I started measuring my blood pressure at home after I learned
Sources for more information about blood pressure American Society of Hypertension (ASH) (866) 696-9099 www.ash-us.org Visit the ASH Web site for more information about the Hypertension Community Outreach
High blood pressure and your kidneys T H E K I D N E Y F O U N D A T I O N O F C A N A D A 1 High blood pressure and your kidneys n What is blood pressure? Blood pressure measures the force of blood pumped
Useful contacts www.eatwellnotts.nhs.uk 01623 785183 Free support for smokers who want to stop: 0800 3897712 New Leaf Nottinghamshire The British Dietetic Association: http://www.bda.uk.com 0121 200 8080
High Blood Pressure Are you at risk? This information leaflet is about the steps you can take to keep your blood pressure healthy to lower your risk of stroke and heart disease. If you already have high
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Risk factors are traits and life-style habits that increase a person's chances of having coronary artery and vascular disease. Some risk factors cannot be changed or
Patient decision aid Taking a statin to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg181/resources/cg181-lipid-modification-update-patient-decisionaid2 Published:
CHOLESTEROL This factsheet explains what cholesterol is and why too much cholesterol in your blood is harmful. It also provides information regarding cholesterol testing and tips to help reduce your blood
Page 1 of 5 Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40. The 'first-line' treatment is diet, weight control and physical activity. If the blood glucose level remains high despite
High Blood Pressure: What You Need to Know This brochure can help you learn more about high blood pressure. It doesn t replace regular medical check-ups or your health care provider s advice. Talk with
UNDERSTANDING BLOOD PRESSURE A HANDY GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING WHAT BLOOD PRESSURE IS, HOW IT AFFECTS YOU, AND HOW TO MEASURE IT AT HOME Authored by the Texas Department of State Health Services Health Promotion
A patient s guide to High Blood Pressure. Information to help you stay healthy. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the artery walls as it moves through the body. High blood pressure (also
This questionnaire is designed to allow you to assess the nutritional value of your diet. Answer yes or no to the questions below and then read the supplementary information that will help you to consider
8 TIPS FOR EATING WELL These practical tips can help you make healthier choices. The two keys to a healthy diet are eating the right amount of food for how active you are and eating a range of foods to
High blood pressure Understanding and managing your blood pressure Second edition Key points to remember about high blood pressure High blood pressure is one of the most common health conditions affecting
Understanding and Managing Your Triglycerides What are Triglycerides? There are several types are one of several types of fat in your body, and triglycerides are the most common. Along with LDL ( bad )
Cardiac Rehabilitation Introduction Experiencing heart disease should be the beginning of a new, healthier lifestyle. Cardiac rehabilitation helps you in two ways. First, it helps your heart recover through
Cholesterol made simple! Cholesterol is the biggest risk factor for heart disease and also increases your risk of stroke and circulatory disease - Heart UK The Cholesterol Charity What is Cholesterol and
Blood Pressure. How do you measure up? This booklet will help you find ways to prevent and treat high blood pressure. You will learn how to check your blood pressure (BP), improve your lifestyle, and understand
High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease For People With CKD Stages 1 4 National Kidney Foundation s Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI ) The National Kidney Foundation s Kidney
Prepared in collaboration with High Blood Pressure in People with Diabetes: Are you at risk? Updated 2012 People with diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure. What is blood pressure? The force
Your Results Name: Date: For more information visit: www.sutton.gov.uk/healthchecks In partnership with Introduction Everyone is at risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke and
Prevent a Heart Attack Public Information Pamphlets PREVENT A HEART ATTACK Heart attack is a dreaded disease; this pamphlet contains a general guideline for the public, aiming to create awareness about
Managing your blood pressure What is blood pressure? Blood pressure measures the force of blood against your artery walls. This pressure allows your blood to push out to other parts of your body for circulation.
1 Your Cholesterol Lowering Guide Cholesterol plays a vital role in the day-to-day functioning of your body. However, too much cholesterol in the blood can affect your heart health. The good news is that
Page 1 of 5 Mild-to-moderate Chronic Kidney Disease If you have chronic kidney disease (CKD) then your kidneys are not working as well as they once did. Various conditions can cause CKD. Severity can vary
S What is Heart Failure? 1,2,3 Heart failure, sometimes called congestive heart failure, develops over many years and results when the heart muscle struggles to supply the required oxygen-rich blood to
Healthy Eating You are what you eat! So before you even shop for food, it is important to become a well informed, smart food consumer and have a basic understanding of what a heart healthy diet looks like.
Page 1 of 6 Angina Angina is caused by narrowing of the coronary (heart) arteries. Usual treatment includes a statin drug to lower your cholesterol level, low-dose aspirin to help prevent a heart attack,
GENERAL HEART DISEASE KNOW THE FACTS WHAT IS Heart disease is a broad term meaning any disease affecting the heart. It is commonly used to refer to coronary heart disease (CHD), a more specific term to
What You Need to Know about High Blood Why is high cholesterol bad? is a natural substance found in our diet and made by our liver. It is important for many functions throughout our body. High blood cholesterol
Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Health Promotion for Community Health Workers Cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancer Class #5 High Blood Cholesterol (date) Course
High Blood pressure and chronic kidney disease For People with CKD Stages 1 4 www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney
Self-care guide for people with diabetes English Version Supported by an unrestricted grant from 1 When the diagnosis is diabetes..................03 What is diabetes?............................04 What
Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Trust Type 2 and You April 2010 Registered Company Number 3148360 Registered Charity No 1058284 Welcome to the third issue of Type 2 and You. In this issue we look at healthy
Patient leaflets from the BMJ Group High blood pressure If you have high blood pressure you probably won't feel ill. But having high blood pressure increases your risk of health problems, including heart
The Inside Story on Blood Pressure What you don't know may hurt you. The integrated system of the heart and blood vessels is known as the cardiovascular system. Underwritten by Novartis 2005 ANATOMICAL
Diabetes Overview Background What is diabetes Non-modifiable risk factors Modifiable risk factors Common symptoms of diabetes Early diagnosis and management of diabetes Non-medical management of diabetes
What You Should Know About High Blood Pressure What Is Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of your arteries (blood vessels). There are two measures of blood pressure:
Preventing Heart Disease & Stroke What causes heart disease and stroke? high blood pressure high cholesterol diabetes smoking stress drinking too much alcohol not being physically active being overweight
Trying for a Baby Deciding to have a baby is a really exciting time and you will be thinking about many aspects of your life. You may take a look at your lifestyle and think about making some changes to
Heart disease - risk factors Summary There is no single thing that causes CHD, but there are several risk factors that contribute to it. You can reduce your risk of developing CHD by reducing or removing
Information For Patients & Carers Cardiac rehabilitation Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital NHS Trust Thomas Drive Liverpool Merseyside L14 3PE Telephone: 0151-228 1616 www.lhch.nhs.uk This leaflet has
www.irishheart.ie A HEALTHY CHOLESTEROL to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke A healthy cholesterol You probably already know that cholesterol has something to do with heart disease and stroke.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Information for Patients What do Kidneys do and where are they? Most people have two kidneys, each the size of a fist. They lie to either side of the back bone just below the
SCRIPT NUMBER 93 HIGH CHOLESTEROL (ONE SPEAKER) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: HIGH CHOLESTEROL PROGRAM NUMBER: 93 SUBJECT: SOURCES, COMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL
DIABETES & HEALTHY EATING Food gives you the energy you need for healthy living. Your body changes most of the food you eat into a sugar called glucose. (glucose) Insulin helps your cells get the sugar
High Blood Pressure and Your Kidneys About 65 million Americans have high blood pressure, but as many as one third or three in 10 don't even know it. There are usually no signs or symptoms that your blood
Diet, activity and your risk of prostate cancer Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. About one in eight men (12.5 per cent) will get prostate cancer at some point in their lives.
Eating Right for Kidney Health: Tips for People with Chronic Kidney Disease What you eat and drink can help slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease (also known as CKD ) and help prevent complications.
MayoClinic.com reprints This single copy is for your personal, noncommercial use only. For permission to reprint multiple copies or to order presentation-ready copies for distribution, use the reprints
High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease For People with CKD Stages 1 4 www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National Kidney
Dietetics Advice on Healthy Eating for Lowering Cholesterol 41 What is blood cholesterol? A waxy, fat-like substance in the blood Made by the liver and also comes from food Important for building and maintenance
S What is a Heart Attack? 1,2,3 Heart attacks, otherwise known as myocardial infarctions, are caused when the blood supply to a section of the heart is suddenly disrupted. Without the oxygen supplied by
UK under pressure A national study of blood pressure by Lloydspharmacy 2 Foreword Lloydspharmacy conducted a piece of research earlier this year to find out to what extent UK adults are leading healthy
ΠΡΟΓΡΑΜΜΑ ΜΕΤΑΠΤΥΧΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΠΟΥΔΩΝ «Η ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΥΓΕΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΣΤΗ ΝΟΣΟ» Η δίαιτα στην πρόληψη του αγγειακού εγκεφαλικού επεισοδίου Γεώργιος Ντάιος Παθολογική Κλινική Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας Stroke Statistics
ABOUT HIGH CHOLESTEROL AND HIGH TRIGLYCERIDES Because the more you know, the healthier you can be. This booklet is designed to help you understand high cholesterol and high triglycerides (called lipids
Healthy Eating for Diabetes What is diabetes and why is it important to manage it? Diabetes occurs when there is too much glucose in the blood. Learning how to manage your diabetes will help you feel better
Patient Information Guide to Cholesterol Get the Facts Croí works to improve the quality of life for all through the prevention and control of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Our specialist
Basic Information on Cholesterol Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in the body and in certain foods. Your body needs cholesterol but, when you have too much in your blood, it can build up
NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health
Alzheimer s and dementia: your questions answered This booklet gives answers to some commonly-asked questions about Alzheimer s disease and dementia. Information in this booklet is for anyone who wants
Strokes and High Blood Pressure Quick Review from last Week: What is a Stroke Stroke: blood supply to the brain is severely limited or cut off With no blood to carry oxygen to them, brain cells will die
P R E S S U R E P O I N T S S E R I E S : NO. 3 Healthy lifestyle and blood pressure B L O O D P R E S S U R E A S S O C I AT I O N Pressure Points series Pressure Points is a series of booklets produced
Stroke risk factors and prevention Summary A stroke interrupts blood flow to an area of the brain. Most stroke risk factors are lifestyle related, so everyone has the power to reduce their risk of having
What dietary guidelines should persons with Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency observe? Living with Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency Patient Information Program About this booklet The right dietary habits play
Health Passport Your Journey to Wellness Health Fair ID# Body Mass Index What is BMI? Your body mass index, or BMI, shows the amount of fat in your body. BMI is calculated using height, weight, and waist
Prediabetes Your guide to reducing your risk for the development of diabetes BRING THIS BOOKLET TO YOUR NEXT DOCTOR S VISIT. Getting Started This guide will: 1. Provide you with information to help you
Teachers Notes The eatwell plate The eatwell plate is a pictorial food guide showing the proportion and types of foods that are needed to make up a healthy, varied and balanced diet. The plate has been
Cholesterol and your health Understanding cholesterol What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance found in the blood and in all the cells of your body. Your body makes all the cholesterol
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.