Let s talk about: Stroke

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Let s talk about: Stroke"

Transcription

1 Let s talk about: Stroke February 20 th 2013 Laura Wilson Christine Stables Questions 1. Why is knowing about stroke important? 2. What exactly is a stroke and what are the symptoms? 3. What should I do if I or someone is having a stroke? Stroke is common 4. Is there treatment? 5. How can I prevent a stroke? Why do we care? Why do we care? Stroke is the 3 rd leading cause of death in Canada Each year 14,000 Canadians die from stroke Each year more women than men die from stroke Over 50,000 strokes occur in Canada every year that s 1 every 10 minutes About 300,000 Canadians are living with the effects of a stroke disability is important! STROKES CAN BE TREATED STROKES CAN BE PREVENTED

2 What is a stroke? A stroke is an injury to the brain from lack of blood supply Sudden loss of brain function STROKE = BRAIN ATTACK This may be due to an artery being cut off/clogged (ischemic stroke) or an artery bleeding into the brain (hemorrhagic stroke) What is a stroke? Other terms you may hear relating to stroke: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) What causes a Stroke? Blood clots can form in the blood vessels of the neck and travel to the brain Mini-stroke Lacune or Lacunar Stroke Intracerebral Hemorrhage Subarachnoid Hemorrhage What causes a Stroke? Blood clots can form in the heart and travel to the brain During atrial fibrillation After a heart attack What causes a Stroke? Blood vessels may rupture within the brain Aneurysms High Blood Pressure With valve disease

3 What are the symptoms of a Stroke? The symptoms of a stroke depend on which part of the brain is injured or dying due to lack of blood supply or bleeding Weakness or Numbness SUDDEN Vision loss Problems with Speech and Language NO PAIN FAST VIDEO -- Australia zk Example of Speech disturbance Aphasia I

4 Why Act Fast? For every 1 minute delay in treatment 1.9 million brain cells are lost There is treatment available for stroke in the first 4.5 hours intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tpa) tpa = the clot buster tpa (alteplase) works by dissolving clots that are blocking arteries within the brain The goal is to restore blood flow to improve symptoms of a stroke Approved for treatment of an ischemic stroke within 4.5 hours of symptom onset Benefit decreases over time the earlier the better! Other potential treatments Intra-arterial tpa Mechanical Thrombectomy Carotid Endarterectomy Stroke Prevention There are some factors that we cannot change Age Gender Family history Ethnicity But many important ones that we can modify to reduce our risk of stroke! Atrial Fibrillation An irregular heart rhythm The top two chambers of the heart, the atria do not contract in coordination with the bottom two chambers, the ventricles This may cause turbulent movement of blood between the chambers leading to the formation of blood clots Causes of Atrial Fibrillation High blood pressure Abnormal heart structure Infection or inflammation of the heart Diseases that damage the valves of the heart Overactive thyroid A blood clot in the lung Congenital heart disease Overuse of alcohol Triples the risk of stroke

5 Atrial Fibrillation Diagnosis of Atrial Fibrillation People may not even notice it occuring May cause the following symptoms Irregular and fast heartbeat Palpitations Chest discomfort, pain or pressure Shortness of breath Fatigue Dizziness, sweating or nausea If you notice your heart is fast and/or irregular, ask your doctor to check your heart rate Heart rate and stethoscope examination ECG Holter a 24 hour ECG Echocardiogram Light headedness or fainting Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation Blood thinners Rhythm control Rate control Healthy lifestyle Blood Thinners Asprin or Plavix Antiplatelet agents Lowers your stroke risk by 20% if you ve had a prior stroke Warfarin Coumadin lowers your risk of stroke by 60% Thrombin inhibitor prevents the blood from clotting Inhibits the action of vitamin K and its effectiveness can be altered by certain foods Needs to be regularly monitored with blood tests Blood Thinners New Oral anticoagulants Dabiagtran, Apixiban, Rivaroxaban Act to inhibit the blood from clotting Are not affected by diet Do not need regular monitoring blood tests ** All blood thinners carry the risk of bleeding and need to be discussed with your doctor to determine which is the best choice for you ** Hypertension High Blood Pressure Blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of your blood vessels Systolic is the pressure measured when your heart is contracting Diastolic is the lowest pressure measured when your heard is relaxing between beats

6 Hypertension Hypertension Over time high pressure in the blood vessel walls can cause scarring to the surface of the blood vessel Scarring can promote buildup of fatty plaque (atherosclerosis) The buildup can cause narrowing or blockages in the arteries Lowers your risk of stroke by 30% Treatment for Hypertension Blood pressure should be checked by your doctor or another qualified health care professional Take medication as prescribed by your doctor Follow the lifestyle recommendations Cholesterol One of the fats in your body used to make cell membranes, vitamin D and hormones Two types of cholesterol 1. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) Bad Cholesterol High levels in the blood promote buildup of plaque 2. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) Good Cholesterol Helps carry LDL away from the artery walls Treating High Cholesterol Your doctor may prescribe a cholesterol lowering medication Reduce your fat intake to 20-35% of your daily calories Choose healthy fats such as vegetable oils, nuts and fish Limit your intake of saturated fat, red meat and high fat dairy productes Avoid trans-fats found in many baked goods Diabetes Diabetes is a major risk factor for stroke Type 1 diabetes develops when the pancreas does not produce insulin Type 2 diabetes develops when your body tissues are not able to effectively use the insulin your body produces Lowers your risk of stroke by 20%

7 Diabetes Have your fasting blood glucose checked by your doctor Work closely with your doctor to set goals for your blood glucose You may need medications to help lower your blood sugar as well as insulin Lifestyle Factors Exercise Diet/Nutrition Alcohol Weight management Smoking Stress Exercise Make physical activity part of your life At least 30 minutes most days of the week Walking Gardening Playing with your kids or grandkids Diet/Nutrition Canada s food guide to ensure you are getting adequate nutrients Moderation is key Seek out resources and support in achieving your dietary goals Household chores washing the car, etc. Exercise groups Alcohol Overuse of alcohol increases your blood pressure and contributes to heart disease and stroke Limit yourself No more than 2 drinks a day to a weekly max of 10 for women and 3 a day to a weekly max of 15 for men Measure your portions 12oz/341mL, 1 bottle of beer (5% alcohol) 5oz/142mL of wine (12%) 1 ½ oz/43ml spirits (40%) Weight management Diet is the biggest contributing factor Exercise will also help with weight maintenance Measure your waist circumference Less than 40 inches/102 cm for men Less than 35 inches/88 cm for women Measure your Body Mass Index (BMI) Goal to be between 18.5 and 25

8 Smoking Contributes to buildup of plaque in your arteries increases blood pressure increases the risk of blood clots makes your heart work harder reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood. Smoking Immediately reduces your risk of heart attack and stroke Immediately improves healing time Within one year of quitting the risk of dying from smoking related heart disease is cut in half Quitting Smoking Conclusion Stroke is a common disease in our society this includes both ischemic and hemorrhagic types of stroke Symptoms of a stroke depend on what part of the brain is being affected and need to be recognized FAST Treatment exists with tpa in the first 4.5 hours after a stroke begins Conclusion Non-modifiable stroke risk factors include age, gender, ethnicity, genetics Modifiable stroke risk factors include Afib, hypertension, cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and other lifestyle factors Resources Heartandstroke.ca Uptodate.com Medications can be used to lower the risk of stroke in addition to changes in lifestyle

E x p l a i n i n g Stroke

E x p l a i n i n g Stroke Explaining Stroke Introduction Explaining Stroke is a practical step-by-step booklet that explains how a stroke happens, different types of stroke and how to prevent a stroke. Many people think a stroke

More information

A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation PATIENT EDUCATION GUIDE What is atrial fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation

More information

The Prevent Defense Against Stroke: Preventing a Second Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack

The Prevent Defense Against Stroke: Preventing a Second Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack P A T I E N T V E R S I O N The Prevent Defense Against Stroke: Preventing a Second Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Sponsored by Support for this activity has been provided through an educational grant

More information

What to Know About. Atrial Fibrillation

What to Know About. Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation What to Know About Atrial Fibrillation Understanding Afib Atrial fibrillation, or Afib, is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly speeding up or slowing down, or beating too

More information

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Risk factors are traits and life-style habits that increase a person's chances of having coronary artery and vascular disease. Some risk factors cannot be changed or

More information

GENERAL HEART DISEASE KNOW THE FACTS

GENERAL HEART DISEASE KNOW THE FACTS GENERAL HEART DISEASE KNOW THE FACTS WHAT IS Heart disease is a broad term meaning any disease affecting the heart. It is commonly used to refer to coronary heart disease (CHD), a more specific term to

More information

AFib (short for atrial fibrillation) is the most common type of irregular heartbeat, affecting literally millions of men and women

AFib (short for atrial fibrillation) is the most common type of irregular heartbeat, affecting literally millions of men and women What is atrial fibrillation? AFib (short for atrial fibrillation) is the most common type of irregular heartbeat, affecting literally millions of men and women What is atrial fibrillation? AFib occurs

More information

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac Rehabilitation Cardiac Rehabilitation Introduction Experiencing heart disease should be the beginning of a new, healthier lifestyle. Cardiac rehabilitation helps you in two ways. First, it helps your heart recover through

More information

REDUCE YOUR RISK OF STROKE

REDUCE YOUR RISK OF STROKE REDUCE YOUR RISK OF STROKE WHAT IS STROKE? A stroke is a brain attack. It can be fatal. A stroke happens when a blockage such as a clot blocks the blood flow to the brain, or when a burst blood vessel

More information

Heart Attack: What You Need to Know

Heart Attack: What You Need to Know A WorkLife4You Guide Heart Attack: What You Need to Know What is a Heart Attack? The heart works 24 hours a day, pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the body. Blood is supplied to the heart through

More information

Cardioversion for. Atrial Fibrillation. Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation

Cardioversion for. Atrial Fibrillation. Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation Cardioversion for Atrial Fibrillation Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation When You Have Atrial Fibrillation You ve been told you have a heart condition called atrial

More information

High Blood Pressure in People with Diabetes:

High Blood Pressure in People with Diabetes: Prepared in collaboration with High Blood Pressure in People with Diabetes: Are you at risk? Updated 2012 People with diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure. What is blood pressure? The force

More information

MY TYPE 2 DIABETES NUMBERS

MY TYPE 2 DIABETES NUMBERS BLOOD SUGAR MANAGEMENT GUIDE MY TYPE 2 DIABETES NUMBERS Understanding and Tracking the ABCs of Type 2 Diabetes 1 BLOOD MY TYPE SUGAR 2 DIABETES MANAGEMENT ABC NUMBERS GUIDE When you have type 2 diabetes,

More information

Diabetes and Stroke. Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke

Diabetes and Stroke. Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke Diabetes and Stroke Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke Make the Connection Almost 26 million people in the U.S. roughly 8 percent of the population have diabetes.

More information

Living with. Atrial Fibrillation

Living with. Atrial Fibrillation Living with Atrial Fibrillation U nderstanding Atrial Fibrillation An estimated 2.7 million Americans are living with atrial fibrillation (AF). That makes it the most common heart rhythm abnormality in

More information

Make yourself StrokeSafe Understand and prevent stroke

Make yourself StrokeSafe Understand and prevent stroke Make yourself StrokeSafe Understand and prevent stroke www.strokefoundation.com.au About the National Stroke Foundation The National Stroke Foundation is the only national not-for-profit organisation

More information

Stroke: Major Public Health Burden. Stroke: Major Public Health Burden. Stroke: Major Public Health Burden 5/21/2012

Stroke: Major Public Health Burden. Stroke: Major Public Health Burden. Stroke: Major Public Health Burden 5/21/2012 Faculty Prevention Sharon Ewer, RN, BSN, CNRN Stroke Program Coordinator Baptist Health Montgomery, Alabama Satellite Conference and Live Webcast Monday, May 21, 2012 2:00 4:00 p.m. Central Time Produced

More information

CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE

CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE CORPORATE HEALTH LOWERING YOUR CHOLESTEROL & BLOOD PRESSURE What is Cholesterol? What s wrong with having high cholesterol? Major risk factor for cardiovascular disease Higher the cholesterol higher the

More information

F r e q u e n t l y As k e d Qu e s t i o n s. A 911 Call Saved My Life

F r e q u e n t l y As k e d Qu e s t i o n s. A 911 Call Saved My Life F r e q u e n t l y As k e d Qu e s t i o n s Stroke A 911 Call Saved My Life Photo of a woman- When I walked into the locker room at work, I realized something was wrong. I couldn't speak. I tried to

More information

Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes. Don t be a victim Protect yourself

Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes. Don t be a victim Protect yourself Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes Don t be a victim Protect yourself WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Avoiding heart attacks and strokes : don t be a victim - protect yourself. 1.Heart arrest

More information

High Blood Pressure (Essential Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Essential Hypertension) Sacramento Heart & Vascular Medical Associates February 18, 2012 500 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Page 1 916-830-2000 Fax: 916-830-2001 What is essential hypertension? Blood pressure is the force

More information

What is a Heart Attack? 1,2,3

What is a Heart Attack? 1,2,3 S What is a Heart Attack? 1,2,3 Heart attacks, otherwise known as myocardial infarctions, are caused when the blood supply to a section of the heart is suddenly disrupted. Without the oxygen supplied by

More information

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8 Canada 416.864.6060 stmichaelshospital.com Form No. XXXXX Dev. XX/XXXX GOALS

More information

Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter

Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter This booklet has been written especially for people with atrial fibrillation (AF), a heart condition often described as an irregular heartbeat (also known

More information

Heart disease - risk factors

Heart disease - risk factors Heart disease - risk factors Summary There is no single thing that causes CHD, but there are several risk factors that contribute to it. You can reduce your risk of developing CHD by reducing or removing

More information

F A S T. Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

F A S T. Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) Stroke Helpline: 0303 3033 100 Website: stroke.org.uk Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is similar to a stroke, but the symptoms do not last as long. However, it should

More information

Strokes and High Blood Pressure

Strokes and High Blood Pressure Strokes and High Blood Pressure Quick Review from last Week: What is a Stroke Stroke: blood supply to the brain is severely limited or cut off With no blood to carry oxygen to them, brain cells will die

More information

TERMS FOR UNDERSTANDING YOUR TYPE 2 DIABETES. Definitions for Common Terms Related to Type 2 Diabetes

TERMS FOR UNDERSTANDING YOUR TYPE 2 DIABETES. Definitions for Common Terms Related to Type 2 Diabetes TERMS FOR UNDERSTANDING YOUR TYPE 2 DIABETES Definitions for Common Terms Related to Type 2 Diabetes TYPE 2 DIABETES AND BLOOD SUGAR 1-3 This list of terms may help you beter understand type 2 diabetes,

More information

Atrial Fibrillation Centre

Atrial Fibrillation Centre About this guide We have prepared this guide to help you to: learn about atrial fibrillation manage atrial fibrillation and reduce the risk of stroke find out about medicines and other treatment options

More information

Blood Pressure Weight BMI. Numbers KNOW YOUR LDL/HDL. Triglycerides. holesterol

Blood Pressure Weight BMI. Numbers KNOW YOUR LDL/HDL. Triglycerides. holesterol Blood Pressure Weight BMI Blood Sugar KNOW YOUR holesterol LDLHDL Numbers Triglycerides Your health truly is the most important thing in your life. Knowing your medical history and getting annual checkups

More information

Do You Know the Health Risks of Being Overweight?

Do You Know the Health Risks of Being Overweight? Do You Know the Health Risks of Being Overweight? U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH WIN Weight-control Information Network What are the risks to my health from

More information

Healthy Blood Pressure Healthy Heart Beat. Initiated by the World Hypertension League

Healthy Blood Pressure Healthy Heart Beat. Initiated by the World Hypertension League Healthy Blood Pressure Healthy Heart Beat Initiated by the World Hypertension League MAY 17, 2013 What is Hypertension? Hypertension is most commonly known as High Blood Pressure. It is a chronic medical

More information

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS This brochure was designed to help you understand the health goals to live a healthy lifestyle with type

More information

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia)

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia) High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia) My cholesterol medication is: The directions are: In recent years, powerful new drugs have been developed to reduce cholesterol in your blood, thereby reducing your risk

More information

Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome

Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome University of Michigan Hospitals and Health Centers Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome A growing epidemic Shannon Russell Dietetic Intern June 2012 Overview Causes Risk Factors Signs and Symptoms Identification/Diagnosis

More information

What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council

What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council Randall T. Higashida, M.D., Chair 1 What Is a Stroke? From

More information

Stroke risk factors and prevention

Stroke risk factors and prevention Stroke risk factors and prevention Summary A stroke interrupts blood flow to an area of the brain. Most stroke risk factors are lifestyle related, so everyone has the power to reduce their risk of having

More information

Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure

Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure Reduce Stroke Risk - Control Your Blood Pressure What is blood pressure? Blood is carried from the heart to the rest of your body in vessels called arteries. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing

More information

What You Need to Know about High Blood Cholesterol

What You Need to Know about High Blood Cholesterol What You Need to Know about High Blood Why is high cholesterol bad? is a natural substance found in our diet and made by our liver. It is important for many functions throughout our body. High blood cholesterol

More information

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained James Paget University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained Patient Information Contents What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AF)? 3 Normal heartbeat 4 How common

More information

Secondary Stroke Prevention Luke Bradbury, MD 10/4/14 Fall WAPA Conferfence

Secondary Stroke Prevention Luke Bradbury, MD 10/4/14 Fall WAPA Conferfence Guidelines Secondary Stroke Prevention Luke Bradbury, MD 10/4/14 Fall WAPA Conferfence Stroke/TIA Nearly 700,000 ischemic strokes and 240,000 TIAs every year in the United States Currently, the risk for

More information

YOUR GUIDE TO. Managing and Understanding Your Cholesterol Levels

YOUR GUIDE TO. Managing and Understanding Your Cholesterol Levels YOUR GUIDE TO Managing and Understanding Your Cholesterol Levels Our goal at the Mercy Health Heart Institute is to help you be well. Our experienced team includes cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons,

More information

Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)

Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Learn About: 1. What is atrial fibrillation? 2. How will I feel? 3. Who gets AFib? 4. Risk of stroke 5. AFib treatment 6. How to live well with AFib 1. What is

More information

Blood clot in atheroma. help make vitamin D and hormones, like oestrogen and testosterone, in your body.

Blood clot in atheroma. help make vitamin D and hormones, like oestrogen and testosterone, in your body. CHOLESTEROL This factsheet explains what cholesterol is and why too much cholesterol in your blood is harmful. It also provides information regarding cholesterol testing and tips to help reduce your blood

More information

Atrial Fibrillation. Patient Information. 828361 Dec 19-12

Atrial Fibrillation. Patient Information. 828361 Dec 19-12 Atrial Fibrillation Patient Information 828361 Dec 19-12 Contents Introduction 1 Treatment & decrease stroke options 2 Information for people who are taking warfarin (Coumadin ) 5 Information for people

More information

Atrial Fibrillation. Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends. Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group

Atrial Fibrillation. Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends. Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group Atrial Fibrillation Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group CONTENTS Introduction 1 The heart 2 What is atrial fibrillation? 3 How common

More information

What Can I Do about Atrial Fibrillation (AF)?

What Can I Do about Atrial Fibrillation (AF)? Additional Device Information 9529 Reveal XT Insertable Cardiac Monitor The Reveal XT Insertable Cardiac Monitor is an implantable patientactivated and automatically activated monitoring system that records

More information

Health Passport. Your Journey to Wellness. Health Fair ID#

Health Passport. Your Journey to Wellness. Health Fair ID# Health Passport Your Journey to Wellness Health Fair ID# Body Mass Index What is BMI? Your body mass index, or BMI, shows the amount of fat in your body. BMI is calculated using height, weight, and waist

More information

Atrial Fibrillation and Anticoagulants

Atrial Fibrillation and Anticoagulants York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust Atrial Fibrillation and Anticoagulants A guide to your diagnosis and treatment Information for patients, relatives and carers For more information, please contact:

More information

3.5% 3.0% 3.0% 2.4% Prevalence 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0%

3.5% 3.0% 3.0% 2.4% Prevalence 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0% S What is Heart Failure? 1,2,3 Heart failure, sometimes called congestive heart failure, develops over many years and results when the heart muscle struggles to supply the required oxygen-rich blood to

More information

Welcome! Tuesday, July 16, 2013 10-11 am

Welcome! Tuesday, July 16, 2013 10-11 am Tuesday, July 16, 2013 10-11 am Welcome! Grennan Sims, RD, LD District Dietitian/Nutrition Education Coordinator Hickman Mills C-1 School District, Kansas City, MO Objectives: Learn what heart disease

More information

Heart Healthy Living

Heart Healthy Living Heart Healthy Living Objectives Understand basic functioning of the heart Understand cardiac risk factors Learn how to keep your heart healthy 2 How the Heart Works Muscular organ that pumps blood to your

More information

ORAL ANTICOAGULANTS - RIVAROXABAN (XARELTO) FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

ORAL ANTICOAGULANTS - RIVAROXABAN (XARELTO) FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ORAL ANTICOAGULANTS - RIVAROXABAN (XARELTO) FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 What Are Anticoagulants And What Do They Do? This information leaflet has

More information

Taking Charge of Your Stroke Recovery A SURVIVOR'S GUIDE TO THE CANADIAN STROKE BEST PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS BE INFORMED BE INVOLVED TAKE ACTION

Taking Charge of Your Stroke Recovery A SURVIVOR'S GUIDE TO THE CANADIAN STROKE BEST PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS BE INFORMED BE INVOLVED TAKE ACTION Taking Charge of Your Stroke Recovery A SURVIVOR'S GUIDE TO THE CANADIAN STROKE BEST PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS BE INFORMED BE INVOLVED TAKE ACTION BE INFORMED BE INVOLVED TAKE ACTION The Canadian Stroke

More information

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO SECONDARY PREVENTION IN ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME (ACS)

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO SECONDARY PREVENTION IN ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME (ACS) A PATIENT S GUIDE TO SECONDARY PREVENTION IN ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME (ACS) This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. If you get

More information

High blood pressure and your kidneys

High blood pressure and your kidneys High blood pressure and your kidneys T H E K I D N E Y F O U N D A T I O N O F C A N A D A 1 High blood pressure and your kidneys n What is blood pressure? Blood pressure measures the force of blood pumped

More information

Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies

Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Health Promotion for Community Health Workers Cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancer Class #5 High Blood Cholesterol (date) Course

More information

JHS Stroke Program. 2016 JHS Annual Mandatory Education

JHS Stroke Program. 2016 JHS Annual Mandatory Education JHS Stroke Program 2016 JHS Annual Mandatory Education Learner Objectives At the conclusion of this module learners will be able to: State the definition of stroke Discuss the pathophysiology of stroke

More information

The Valve Clinic. at Baptist Health Madisonville

The Valve Clinic. at Baptist Health Madisonville The Valve Clinic at Baptist Health Madisonville The Valve Clinic at Baptist Health Madisonville Welcome to the Baptist Health Madisonville Valve Clinic at the Jack L. Hamman Heart & Vascular Center. We

More information

Understanding and Managing Your. Triglycerides

Understanding and Managing Your. Triglycerides Understanding and Managing Your Triglycerides What are Triglycerides? There are several types are one of several types of fat in your body, and triglycerides are the most common. Along with LDL ( bad )

More information

Understanding Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Understanding Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Understanding Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Table of Contents What is a TIA? 1-1 What is a Stroke? 1-2 What causes TIAs? 2-1 Recognizing TIAs and Strokes 3-1 Diagnosis 4-1 Treatment 5-1 Risk Factors

More information

Heart Diseases and their Complications

Heart Diseases and their Complications Heart Diseases and their Complications Health Promotion and Education Program Rev. 2014 2014, MMM Healthcare, Inc. - PMC Medicare Choice, Inc. Reproduction of this material is prohibited. MP-HEP-PPT-252-01-021914-E

More information

Diabetes and Heart Disease

Diabetes and Heart Disease Diabetes and Heart Disease Diabetes and Heart Disease According to the American Heart Association, diabetes is one of the six major risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Affecting more than 7% of the

More information

Atrial fi brillation and your risk of stroke

Atrial fi brillation and your risk of stroke Atrial fi brillation and your risk of stroke Learn more about the heart-brain connection StrokeandAF.ca Contents Welcome This guide will help you learn more about atrial fi brillation and how to live with

More information

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan The Five-Point Plan Know Your Numbers 2 My husband didn t even know he had diabetes until he had a heart attack. Lupe Ontiveros Actress on Desperate Housewives 13 What does it mean to Know Your Numbers?

More information

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition.

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition. Fainting - Syncope Introduction Fainting, also known as syncope, is a temporary loss of consciousness. It is caused by a drop in blood flow to the brain. You may feel dizzy, lightheaded or nauseous before

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

Heart Disorders Glossary

Heart Disorders Glossary Heart Disorders Glossary ABG (Arterial Blood Gas) Test: A test that measures how much oxygen and carbon dioxide are in the blood. Anemia: A condition in which there are low levels of red blood cells in

More information

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes?

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes? Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education

More information

About Peripheral Artery Disease

About Peripheral Artery Disease About Peripheral Artery Disease Your Heart and Blood Vessels Your heart is about the size of your fist and shaped something like a pear. The heart pumps blood to every part of your body through pipes called

More information

High Blood Cholesterol What you need to know

High Blood Cholesterol What you need to know National Cholesterol Education Program High Blood Cholesterol What you need to know Why Is Cholesterol Important? Your blood cholesterol level has a lot to do with your chances of getting heart disease.

More information

Marilyn Borkgren-Okonek, APN, CCNS, RN, MS Suburban Lung Associates, S.C. Elk Grove Village, IL

Marilyn Borkgren-Okonek, APN, CCNS, RN, MS Suburban Lung Associates, S.C. Elk Grove Village, IL Marilyn Borkgren-Okonek, APN, CCNS, RN, MS Suburban Lung Associates, S.C. Elk Grove Village, IL www.goldcopd.com GLOBAL INITIATIVE FOR CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR DIAGNOSIS, MANAGEMENT

More information

Body Composition & Longevity. Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ

Body Composition & Longevity. Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ Body Composition & Longevity Ohan Karatoprak, MD, AAFP Clinical Assistant Professor, UMDNJ LONGEVITY Genetic 25% Environmental Lifestyle Stress 75% BMI >30 OBESE 25-30 OVERWEIGHT 18-25 NORMAL WEIGHT 18

More information

All about stroke. English fact sheet. How do I recognise the signs of stroke? What is a stroke? Call StrokeLine 1800 STROKE (1800 787 653)

All about stroke. English fact sheet. How do I recognise the signs of stroke? What is a stroke? Call StrokeLine 1800 STROKE (1800 787 653) What is a? A happens when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted. Blood contains oxygen and important nutrients for your brain cells. Blood may stop moving through an artery because it is blocked

More information

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled.

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled. Low Blood Pressure Introduction Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is when your blood pressure reading is 90/60 or lower. Some people have low blood pressure all of the time. In other people, blood pressure

More information

UNDERSTANDING YOUR STROKE Ischemic / TIA

UNDERSTANDING YOUR STROKE Ischemic / TIA UNDERSTANDING YOUR STROKE Ischemic / TIA MIND BODY SPIRIT EMOTION Stroke: Mind, Body, Spirit, Emotions What is a Stroke? A stroke is a sudden decrease in the oxygen and blood supply to part of the brain.

More information

Homework Help Heart Disease & Stroke

Homework Help Heart Disease & Stroke Preventing Heart Disease & Stroke What causes heart disease and stroke? high blood pressure high cholesterol diabetes smoking stress drinking too much alcohol not being physically active being overweight

More information

WHAT TO EXPECT: RECOVERING FROM STROKE

WHAT TO EXPECT: RECOVERING FROM STROKE WHAT TO EXPECT: RECOVERING FROM STROKE I STROKE IS AN EMERGENCY!! GET HELP F-A-S-T F A S T F FACIAL DROOP = ASK THE PERSON TO SMILE NORMAL: Both sides of face move equally ABNORMAL: One side of face does

More information

What You Need to KnowWhen Taking Anticoagulation Medicine

What You Need to KnowWhen Taking Anticoagulation Medicine What You Need to KnowWhen Taking Anticoagulation Medicine What are anticoagulant medicines? Anticoagulant medicines are a group of medicines that inhibit blood clotting, helping to prevent blood clots.

More information

Acquired Heart Disease: Prevention and Treatment

Acquired Heart Disease: Prevention and Treatment Acquired Heart Disease: Prevention and Treatment Prevention and Treatment Sharon L. Roble, MD Assistant Professor Adult Congenital Heart Program The Ohio State University/Nationwide Children s Hospital

More information

Early assessment and treatment of people who have had a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

Early assessment and treatment of people who have had a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Early assessment and treatment of people who have had a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) NICE clinical guidelines advise

More information

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Brief

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Brief Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Brief What is Coronary Heart Disease? Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease 1, is the most common heart condition in the United States. It occurs

More information

Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Treatment with Rivaroxaban

Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Treatment with Rivaroxaban Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Treatment with Rivaroxaban Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn: about venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism how the medicine Rivaroxaban

More information

SYMPTOMS Heart failure symptoms may vary and can be hard to detect. Symptoms may include:

SYMPTOMS Heart failure symptoms may vary and can be hard to detect. Symptoms may include: Heart Failure Heart failure is a condition in which the heart has trouble pumping blood. This means your heart does not pump blood efficiently for your body to work well. In some cases of heart failure,

More information

Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm

Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm In many instances when AF causes significant symptoms or is negatively impacting a patient's health, the major goal of treatment is to restore normal rhythm and prevent

More information

High Cholesterol (Dyslipidemia)

High Cholesterol (Dyslipidemia) High Cholesterol (Dyslipidemia) What is high cholesterol? Cholesterol is a type of fat that is found in every cell in the body. It is used to build healthy cells and some vital hormones. High levels of

More information

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 What is it? Diabetes is a common health problem in the U.S. and the world. In diabetes, the body does not use the food it digests well. It is hard for the body to use carbohydrates

More information

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases

Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases UC San Diego Health System Patient Information Sheet: Liver Biopsy What is a Liver Biopsy? A liver biopsy is a procedure where a qualified doctor (typically a hepatologist, radiologist or gastroenterologist)

More information

Research Paper: Stroke

Research Paper: Stroke 2016 Research Paper: Stroke STEP NUS SUNBURST BRAIN CAMP NG XIN NI, XIE JIAYING, YEE TING HUI, ZHANG QING YANG RIVER VALLEY HIGH SCHOOL Contents 1. INTRODUCTION... 2 1.1. IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING STROKE...

More information

Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.)

Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) One in every 20 Americans over the age of 50 has P.A.D., a condition that raises the risk for heart attack and stroke. Peripheral arterial disease, or P.A.D.,

More information

Health Maintenance: Controlling Cholesterol

Health Maintenance: Controlling Cholesterol Sacramento Heart & Vascular Medical Associates February 18, 2012 500 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Page 1 What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a fatty substance. It has both good and bad effects

More information

Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke

Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Having diabetes or pre-diabetes

More information

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related Myth: Only medication can control my diabetes. Reality: Lifestyle changes such as good nutrition, increased physical activity, weight loss and limiting alcohol/cigarette consumption can have a positive

More information

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO STROKE AND ATRIAL FIBRILLATION (AF)

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO STROKE AND ATRIAL FIBRILLATION (AF) A PATIENT S GUIDE TO STROKE AND ATRIAL FIBRILLATION (AF) This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. If you get any side effects,

More information

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013 Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013 This handout is meant to help with discussions about the condition, and it is not a complete discussion of AF. We hope it will complement your appointment with one

More information

GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION PATIENT INFORMATION GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Rate and Rhythm Control Stroke Prevention A Comprehensive Resource from the Heart Rhythm Society SM This information is not intended

More information

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Page 1 of 5 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) If you have high blood pressure, you have an increased risk of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions. In some cases blood pressure

More information

What Are Arrhythmias?

What Are Arrhythmias? What Are Arrhythmias? Many people have questions about what the word arrhythmia means, and arrhythmias can be a difficult subject to understand. The text below should give you a better understanding of

More information

A Patient s Guide to Atrial Fibrillation

A Patient s Guide to Atrial Fibrillation A Patient s Guide to Atrial Fibrillation Introduction Atrial fibrillation can cause fear and anxiety. After receiving timely diagnosis and treatment, our goal is to help you manage your condition so it

More information