Medical criteria for IUCD s Based on the WHO MEC (2004- Annexure 3) system a woman s eligibility for IUCD insertion falls in 4 categories. These categ

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1 CLIENT ASSESSMENT Ensure that the woman is not pregnant Determine the length and direction of uterus. Ensure that she does not have gonorrhea and chlamydia, and is not a high risk case of STI s Identify other characteristics or conditions that may affect her IUCD use. Identify any other problems that may require further assessment or treatment.

2 Medical criteria for IUCD s Based on the WHO MEC (2004- Annexure 3) system a woman s eligibility for IUCD insertion falls in 4 categories. These categories are adapted for Indian scenario CATEGORY 1 CAN USE the IUCD with no restrictions

3 Cont. CATEGORY 2 CAN GENERALLY USE the IUCD (A>R), although additional core/ follow up may be needed. CATEGORY 3 USE of IUCD NOT recommended (R>A). They should use a different method unless no other method is available or acceptable. CATEGORY 4 SHOULD NOT USE the IUCD.

4 HISTORY Contraceptive History Menstrual History Obstetric History Re productive / sexual History Medical History

5 Physical Examination Check for signs of anaemia Perform pelvic examination First: Inspection of external genitalia & vaginal opening. Second: Bimanual examination IF infection is NOT suspected. Third: Speculum examination of vagina cervix Fourth: If by bimanual examination the size of uterus not determined do a rectovaginal examination

6 Care & Management of Potential Problems Objectives: Assess the woman s overall satisfaction with IUCD. Identify and manage potential problems. Address any questions or concerns the woman may have. Reinforce key mess ages.

7 Follow up visit 1 st visit:- After 1 st period or after 1 month NOT more than 3 months. 22 nd nd visit:- After 3 months. There after once a year. Unscheduled visits as and when required

8 Follow up Care History screen for overall satisfaction PAINS Checked for IUCD expulsion Using condoms against STI, as needed

9 Physical Examination 1 st st time:- Do a speculum examination and P/V For subsequent visit P/V is indicated if infection is suspected.

10 Category 1: Use the Method Women with a history of ectopic pregnancy. Women who are immediately following a first-trimester trimester abortion. Women who are 4 weeks or more postpartum, provided there is no evidence of infection. Women who have benign ovarian tumors or uterine fibroids that do not distort the uterine cavity. Women with a genital infection that is not sexually transmitted, such as vaginitis bacterial.

11 Cont. Women who have a history of PID with a subsequent pregnancy. Women who have breast disease, including breast cancer. Women who have diabetes, hypertension, or uncomplicated valvular heart disease. Women who smoke or are obese.

12 Category 2: Generally use the method Women who are less than 20 years of age or are nulliparous, as there is a slightly greater risk of expulsion due to the smaller size of the uterus. Women with heavy/prolonged or painful menstruation, endometriosis, or severe dysmenorrhea. Women who are immediately following a second- trimester abortion, provided there is no evidence of infection. However, the IUD should be inserted only by a specially trained provider. Women who are less than 48 hours postpartum, provided there is no evidence of infection. However, the IUD should be inserted only by a specially trained provider.

13 Cont. Women who have anatomical abnormalities of the reproductive tract that do not distort the uterine cavity in a way that might interfere with IUD insertion or placement. Women who have STIs other than gonorrhea or chlamydia. Women who are at risk for STIs other than gonorrhea or chlamydia. Women who have a history of PID without a subsequent pregnancy.

14 Cont Women who are HIV-infected and are clinically well. Women who have AIDS, are on ARV therapy and are clinically well. Women who have complicated valvular heart disease, although prophylactic antibiotics are advised for IUD insertion to prevent endocarditis. Women with anemia although there is some concern about increased menstrual blood loss with copper-bearing IUDs.

15 Category 3: Use of method not usually recommended unless other more appropriate methods are not available or acceptable Women who are 48 hours to less than 4 weeks postpartum. Women with bengin trophoblastic disease. Women who have ovarian cancer should not have an IUD inserted Women who have a high individual risk for gonorhea or chlamydia should not have an IUD inserted. Women who have AIDS but are not on ARV therapy should not have an IUD inserted.

16 Category 4: Method not to be used Women who are pregnant. Women who have infection or signs/symptoms of infection within 6 weeks postpartum Women with malignant trophoblastic disease. Women with cervical or endometrial/uterine cancer should not have an IUD inserted. Women who have anatomical abnormalities of the reproductive tract or uterine fibroids that distort the uterine cavity in a way that might interfere with IUD insertion or placement.

17 Cont Women who have pelvic tuberculosis. Women with unexplained vaginal bleeding should not have an IUD inserted. Women who have current PID, purulent cervicitis, chlamydia or gonorrhea should not have an IUD inserted.

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